src heidi taxonomy by 907R84

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									                                                                                    Background




Level              Term Title              Reference                     Definition                                              Explanations                                     Input(s)
        1 Background data                HEIDI         Factual and /or administrative type of
                                                       information which is necessary/required to
                                                       conduct investigation procedures.
        1 Short summary description of                                                                                                                                      Long TXT
          the occurrence
        2 Report 1                                                                                                                                                          Long TXT
        2 Report 2                                                                                                                                                          Long TXT
        2 Report 3                                                                                                                                                          Long TXT
        1 Type of report                 HEIDI         The source of information, whether from        Refers to the Triggering mechanism that revealed an occurrence
                                                       human or system origin, which revealed the
                                                       fact of an occurrence.
        2 Mandatory                      HEIDI         A formal incident reporting system forming     e.g. Mandatory Occurrence Reporting Scheme normally required
                                                       part of a regulation for collection of         by the competent authority occurrence type that is part of a
                                                       information on actual or potential safety      compulsory ATM reporting scheme
                                                       deficiencies
        3 National                       HEIDI         A formal incident reporting system forming     e.g. any National Mandatory ATM Safety Occurrence reporting           Y/N
                                                       part of any National Mandatory ATM Safety      Scheme
                                                       Occurrence requirement for collection of
                                                       information on actual or potential safety
                                                       deficiencies
        3 Other                                                                                                                                                           Y/N
        2 Voluntary                      HEIDI         The purpose of a voluntary ATM occurrence      Voluntary reports should be covered in a special voluntary          Y/N
                                                       reporting system is to capture occurrences     reporting scheme (preferably confidential) in addition to mandatory
                                                       which would not be otherwise collected by      reports with the aim to find further potential risk areas, as the
                                                       mandatory reporting schemes                    amount of mandatory reports might not give enough material in the
                                                                                                      explanatory factors' area.
        2 Other occurrence reports       HEIDI         Notification and/or report by anybody.         Refers to a report that does not originate from any mandatory or    Free TXT
                                                                                                      voluntary reporting schemes
        2 If Not Reported by ATM                       An explanation why an occurrence reported      The explanation should shortly describe the reasons why such a      Free TXT
          personnel Why Not                            by anybody involving ATM facts is not          decision was taken
                                                       reported by appropriate ATM unit in
                                                       accordance with required procedures
        1 Type of form/report            HEIDI         Type of reporting form used for specifying    e.g. a form designed and distributed for the purpose of systematic
                                                       facts of an occurrence                        collection of information on actual or potential safety deficiencies
        2 ATIR/APDSG                     ICAO          A standardised form or procedure of reporting e.g. ICAO Doc 4444, appendix 4, Air Traffic Incident Report            Y/N
                                                       an incident




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2 AIRPROX                         ICAO Doc 4444   The code word used in an air traffic incident   ICAO 9713                                                                Y/N
                                                  report to designate aircraft proximity          Aircraft proximity; AIRPROX
                                                                                                  A situation in which, in the opinion of a pilot or air traffic services
                                                                                                  personnel, the distance between aircraft as well as their relative
                                                                                                  positions and speed have been such that the safety of the aircraft
                                                                                                  involved may have been compromised. An aircraft proximity is
                                                                                                  classified as follows:
                                                                                                  - Risk of collision. The risk classification of an aircraft proximity in
                                                                                                  which a serious risk of collision has existed.
                                                                                                  - Safety not assured. The risk classification of an aircraft proximity
                                                                                                  in which the safety of an aircraft may have been compromised.
                                                                                                  - No risk of collision. The risk classification of an aircraft proximity
                                                                                                  in which no risk of collision has existed.
                                                                                                  - Risk not determined. The risk classification of an aircraft proximity
                                                                                                  in which insufficient information was available to determine the risk
                                                                                                  involved, or inconclusive or conflicting evidence precluded such
2 ACAS Report                     HEIDI JAA       Notification and report by the aeroplane        Modified JAA NPA OPS15 (Revised JAR OPS) definition.                     Y/N
                                                  commander to the ATS unit concerned, and
                                                  the subsequent controller report, whenever an
                                                  aircraft has manoeuvred in response to an
                                                  ACAS Advisory
2 Other                                                                                                                                                                   Free TXT
1 National incident ref. Number   HEIDI           Key consisting of figures and characters with   Refers to a file number construction                                    $$$$#####
                                                  the purpose to identify a unique record in a
                                                  local database environment
1 State reporting                 ICAO            Name of the State from where the report                                                                                 $$
                                                  originates
1 Number of cross ref. reports    HEIDI           Number of reports referring to same             The intention is to give a tool for analysis of defined occurrences     ##
                                                  occurrence regardless of origin                 when applicable as well as a basis for a workflow management
                                                                                                  system
1 Date of occurrence              HEIDI                                                           In the format of DD/MM/YY                                               DD.MM.YYYY
1 Time of occurrence (Local       HEIDI                                                           In the format of HHMM [LT]                                              HH.MM
  Time)
2 Day or Night                    APDSG                                                                                                                                   Day/Night
1 Time of occurrence (UTC)        HEIDI                                                           In the format of HHMM [UTC]                                             HH.MM
1 Location of occurrence          HEIDI/ADREP
2 State/area of occurrence        HEIDI/ADREP                                                                                                                             $$$$
2 Location name                   HEIDI/ADREP                                                                                                                             Free TXT
2 Geographical co-ordinates                                                                       Refers to th egeographical co-ordinates - langitude and latitude of     Latitude&Longitude
                                                                                                  occurrence expressed in WGS 84 system
2 Location indicator                                                                              If occurrence has happened at an aerodrome                              $$$$
1 Number of ATS units involved    HEIDI           Unit(s) involved in the occurrence              Each unit involved, in plain Txt field record the name of the unit      #
  and name                                                                                        involved




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2 Name of ATS unit involved                                                                                                                              Free TXT
2 Supervisory position(s)          HEIDI   Supervisory positions(s) involved in the
                                           occurrence
3 Watch supervisor                                                                     Area of responsibility: all sectors within the unit               Free TXT
3 Area supervisor                                                                      Area of responsibility: some sectors                              Free TXT
3 other                            HEIDI                                                                                                                 Free TXT
2 ATC unit manning
3 Ops room management
4 Ratio: number sectors                                                                                                                                  x&y
  opened/total available
2 Number of sectors suite          HEIDI   Sector(s) involved in the occurrence        The term position refers to those ATS unit where there is no Sector #
                                                                                       definition e.g. TWR, GROUND positions
                                                                                       Each sector involved
3 Name of sector suite                                                                                                                                     Free TXT
3 Sector manning                                                                        For the sector concerned with the occurrence
                                                                                       For each sector concerned
4 Number of position in sector                                                                                                                             ##
4 Ratio: number of positions per                                                       Refers to ratio between the number of working positions per sector x&y
  sector/number positions                                                              suite which at the time of occurrence where actually manned
  actually manned                                                                      compared to the number of sector suite working positions that
                                                                                       should have been manned at that time of the day and /or due to the
                                                                                       traffic situation, and in accordance with local rules

4 Position not manned                      refers to the position within the sector                                                                      Free TXT
                                           involved, not manned at the time of
                                           occurrence
4 Combined sector operation                                                                                                                              Y/N
4 Student in actual position                                                                                                                             Y/N
4 Student in one of the other                                                                                                                            Y/N&Free TXT
  position
4 Student in Monitoring Position                                                                                                                         Y/N
3 Number of Working positions      HEIDI                                                                                                                 #
4 Working Position type            HEIDI                                               Area of responsibility: all working position within one sector    Sector
                                                                                                                                                         supervisor/Executive
                                                                                                                                                         controller/Planning
                                                                                                                                                         controller/Coordinator/
                                                                                                                                                         Radar assistant/Flight
                                                                                                                                                         data
                                                                                                                                                         assistant/Other&Free
                                                                                                                                                         TXT
5 Personal information             HEIDI   Information on age/sex and working
                                           environment situation, subjective.
6 Name                                                                                                                                                   Free TXT




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6 Age                              ICAO, ADREP      Age expressed in years decimal.                                                             ##
                                   HEIDI
6 Sex                              ICAO, ADREP      Male/Female                                                                                 Male/Female
                                   HEIDI
6 Was a HF specialist consulted                                                                       In free text record if any conclusions.   Y/N
5 Licensing information         EUROCON-            Information concerning the personnel licence,
                                TROL ref. Doc       rating and endorsement status.
                                HUM.ET1.ST08        Licence is a document that identifies a person
                                HEIDI               as a qualified AIR Traffic Controller and
                                                    contains personal, medical and professional
                                                    qualifications including details of ratings,
                                                    endorsements and current
                                                    competence/validity .
                                                    Rating is an authorisation entered on or
                                                    associated with a licence and forming part
                                                    thereof, stating special conditions, privileges
                                                    or limitations pertaining to such licence.
                                                    Endorsement is an entry in an ATC licence
                                                    indicating the air traffic control unit and the
                                                    operational positions or sectors at which a
                                                    controller may exercise the privileges of the
                                                    valid rating or ratings included in the ATC
6 Type of licence unknown          HEIDI                                                                                                        Y/N
6 Type of licence                  HEIDI        Type of licence, ratings and endorsements.
7 Air Traffic Controller Licence   EUROCONTRO   A document that identifies a person as a                                                        Y/N&Valid/Not
                                   L ref. Doc   qualified AIR Traffic Controller and contains                                                   Valid&YRS
                                   HUM.ET1.ST08 personal, medical and professional
                                   HEIDI        qualifications including details of ratings,
                                                endorsements and current
                                                competence/validity
8 OJTI                             EUROCONTRO On-the-Job training instructor endorsement.                                                       Y/N&Valid/Not
                                   L ref. Doc   Endorsement is an entry in an ATC licence                                                       Valid&YRS
                                   HUM.ET1.ST08 indicating the air traffic control unit and the
                                   HEIDI        operational positions or sectors at which a
                                                controller may exercise the privileges of the
                                                valid rating or ratings included in the ATC
                                                licence
7 Student Air traffic Controller   EUROCONTRO A licence issued to a student air traffic                                                         Y/N&Valid/Not
  Licence                          L ref. Doc   controller after successful completion of initial                                               Valid&YRS
                                   HUM.ET1.ST08 ATC training. This licence permits the holder
                                   HEIDI        to commence on-the-job training in 'live' air
                                                traffic control environment under the
                                                supervision of a suitably qualified air traffic
                                                controller




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7 Flight data operator         HEIDI            Authorisation of person who provides                                                     Y/N&Valid/Not
                                                coordination and processing of flight data                                               Valid&YRS
                                                information
7 Other type of licence        HEIDI            Other personnel in the ATM organisation and                                              Y/N&Valid/Not
                                                who has a task which is a part of the safety                                             Valid&YRS&Free TXT
                                                process
5 Medical information          HEIDI            Medical information provided on elapsed time
                                                since check, medical limitations and validity of
                                                medical check
6 Medical Valid                ICAO, ADREP      Statement of medical validity                                                            Y/N
                               HEIDI
6 Medical Waiver               ICAO, ADREP      Statement if there are any medical limitations                                           Y/N
                               HEIDI            for the duty involved
5 Rating(s)                    EUROCONTRO       Elapsed time in years expressed in decimal
                               L ref. Doc       since issuing of the rating required in the
                               HUM.ET1.ST08     actual position.
                               HEIDI            The purpose with this chapter is to select all
                                                relevant competence items when applicable.

                                            Rating is defined as an authorisation entered
                                            on or associated with a licence and forming
                                            part thereof, stating special condition,
                                            privileges or limitations pertaining to such
6 ADV - aerodrome visual                    licence.
                               EUROCONTRO Aerodrome Control Visual Rating, i.e. on            Aerodrome control visual                   Y/N&Valid/Not
                               L ref. Doc   aerodromes with no published instrument                                                      Valid&YRS
                               HUM.ET1.ST08 approach or departure procedures, no
                               HEIDI        established approach control unit and an
                                            approach control service is not provided
                                            remotely
6 ADI - aerodrome instrument   EUROCONTRO Aerodrome Control Instrument Rating and             Aerodrome control instrument endorsement   Y/N&Valid/Not
                               L ref. Doc   Endorsements.                                                                                Valid&YRS
                               HUM.ET1.ST08 Aerodrome control may be one operational
                               HEIDI        position or it may be divided between two
                                            operational positions, Ground Movement
                                            Control (GMC) and Air Control (AIR).
                                            Where aerodrome control is provided from
                                            one operational position it shall be indicated in
                                            the ATC licence by the issue of a Tower
                                            Control endorsement to the Aerodrome
                                            Control Instrument rating




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6 APP - approach procedural     EUROCONTRO       An approach control procedural rating entitles Approach Control Procedural Rating   Y/N&Valid/Not
                                L ref. Doc       the holder to provide an air traffic control                                        Valid&YRS
                                HUM.ET1.ST08     service to arriving, departing or transiting
                                HEIDI            aircraft in a control area/or control zone
                                                 without the use of surveillance equipment

6 APS - approach surveillance   EUROCONTRO   An approach control procedural rating entitles Approach Control Surveillance Rating     Y/N&Valid/Not
                                L ref. Doc   the holder to provide an air traffic control                                            Valid&YRS
                                HUM.ET1.ST08 service to arriving, departing or transiting
                                HEIDI        aircraft with the use of surveillance
                                             equipment. To be valid, the rating must
                                             include either an Approach Radar, or
                                             Automatic Dependent Surveillance
                                             endorsement
6 ACP - area procedural         EUROCONTRO An Area Control Procedural rating entitles the Area Control Procedural Rating             Y/N&Valid/Not
                                L ref. Doc   holder to provide an air traffic control service                                        Valid&YRS
                                HUM.ET1.ST08 in control areas without the use of
                                HEIDI        surveillance equipment.
6 ACS - area surveillance       EUROCONTRO An Area Control Surveillance rating entitles       Area Control Surveillance Rating       Y/N&Valid/Not
                                L ref. Doc   the holder to provide an air traffic control                                            Valid&YRS
                                HUM.ET1.ST08 service in control areas with the use of
                                HEIDI        surveillance equipment. To be valid the rating
                                             must include either an Area Control Radar, or
                                             Automatic Dependant Surveillance
                                             endorsement.
6 Other Ratings                 HEIDI                                                                                                Y/N&Valid/Not
                                                                                                                                     Valid&YRS&Free TXT
6 Ratings Unknown               HEIDI                                                                                                Y/N
5 Endorsements                  EUROCONTRO                                                                                           Y/N&Valid/Not
                                L ref. Doc                                                                                           Valid&YRS
                                HUM.ET1.ST08
                                HEIDI
6 TWR - tower                   EUROCONTRO       Tower Control Endorsement, see also general Tower control endorsement               Y/N&Valid/Not
                                L ref. Doc       description under Aerodrome Control                                                 Valid&YRS
                                HUM.ET1.ST08     instrument
                                HEIDI
6 GMC - ground movement         EUROCONTRO       Ground Movement Control Endorsement. The Ground movement Control endorsement        Y/N&Valid/Not
  control                       L ref. Doc       air control endorsements indicates that the                                         Valid&YRS
                                HUM.ET1.ST08     controller has the skills to provide Ground
                                HEIDI            Movement Control. Recognising GMC as a
                                                 separate endorsement will enable a controller
                                                 whose task is restricted to providing GMC
                                                 only to be issued with an air traffic controller
                                                 licence with an Aerodrome Control Instrument
                                                 rating




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6 GMS               EUROCONTRO     Ground Movement Surveillance Control and           Ground movement surveillance control endorsement   Y/N&Valid/Not
                    L ref. Doc     Guidance Systems Endorsements, including                                                              Valid&YRS
                    HUM.ET1.ST08   Surface Movement Radar (SMR).
                    HEIDI
6 AIR               EUROCONTRO     The air control endorsements indicates that        Air Control Endorsement                            Y/N&Valid/Not
                    L ref. Doc     the controller has the skills to provide Air                                                          Valid&YRS
                    HUM.ET1.ST08   Control. Recognising Air Control as a
                    HEIDI          separate endorsement will enable a controller
                                   whose task is restricted to providing Air
                                   Control only to be issued with an air traffic
                                   controller licence with an Aerodrome Control
                                   instrument rating
6 RAD - Aerodrome   EUROCONTRO     Aerodrome radar control endorsement may            Aerodrome radar control endorsement                Y/N&Valid/Not
                    L ref. Doc     be granted to controllers who are competent                                                           Valid&YRS
                    HUM.ET1.ST08   to use surveillance radar equipment in the
                    HEIDI          provision of an aerodrome control service
6 RAD - Approach    EUROCONTRO     The approach radar endorsement indicates           Approach radar endorsement                         Y/N&Valid/Not
                    L ref. Doc     that the controller has the skills to provide an                                                      Valid&YRS
                    HUM.ET1.ST08   approach service with the use of primary
                    HEIDI          and/or secondary radar
6 PAR               EUROCONTRO     The Precision Approach Radar endorsement           Precision Approach Radar (PAR) endorsement         Y/N&Valid/Not
                    L ref. Doc     indicates that the controller has the skills to                                                       Valid&YRS
                    HUM.ET1.ST08   provide ground controlled precision
                    HEIDI          approaches using precision approach radar
                                   equipment. To be issued with a Precision
                                   Approach Radar endorsement the controller
                                   must hold an Approach Radar endorsement
6 SRA               EUROCONTRO     Surveillance Radar Approach endorsement            Surveillance Radar Approach (SRA) endorsement      Y/N&Valid/Not
                    L ref. Doc     indicates that the controller has the skills to                                                       Valid&YRS
                    HUM.ET1.ST08   provide ground controlled non-precision
                    HEIDI          approaches using surveillance equipment. To
                                   be issued with a Surveillance Radar Approach
                                   endorsement the controller must hold an
                                   Approach Radar endorsement
6 TC                EUROCONTRO     Terminal Area Control endorsement can be           Terminal Area Control endorsement                  Y/N&Valid/Not
                    L ref. Doc     associated with either an area surveillance or                                                        Valid&YRS
                    HUM.ET1.ST08   approach surveillance rating. The
                    HEIDI          endorsement permits the holder to provide an
                                   air traffic control service with the use of any
                                   surveillance equipment, in a terminal area
                                   and/or adjacent sectors designated for the
                                   provision of terminal area control. Before a
                                   controller can hold this endorsement, an
                                   Approach radar or ADS endorsement must
                                   already be held.




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6 ADS                              EUROCONTRO   The Automatic Dependant Surveillance               Automatic Dependant Surveillance, ADS, endorsement                  Y/N&Valid/Not
                                   L ref. Doc   endorsement will indicate that the controller      Note. - ADS is a system of surveillance, already in use outside the Valid&YRS
                                   HUM.ET1.ST08 has the skills to provide an approach control      European region, which is one of the emerging technologies
                                   HEIDI        service with the use of ADS.                       expected to be introduced into Europe
6 RAD - Area                       EUROCONTRO   An Area Radar endorsement entitles the             Area Radar endorsement                                              Y/N&Valid/Not
                                   L ref. Doc   holder to provide an air traffic control service                                                                       Valid&YRS
                                   HUM.ET1.ST08 in control areas, with the use of surveillance
                                   HEIDI        radar equipment.
6 OJTI                             EUROCONTRO   On-the-Job training instructor endorsement.                                                                             Y/N&Valid/Not
                                   L ref. Doc   Endorsement is an entry in an ATC licence                                                                               Valid&YRS
                                   HUM.ET1.ST08 indicating the air traffic control unit and the
                                   HEIDI        operational positions or sectors at which a
                                                controller may exercise the privileges of the
                                                valid rating or ratings included in the ATC
                                                licence
6 Unit endorsement                 EUROCONTRO An authorization associated with a rating and                                                                             Y/N&Valid/Not
                                   L ref. Doc   where appropriate rating endorsement(s)                                                                                 Valid&YRS
                                   HUM.ET1.ST08 stating sectors and or operational positions for
                                   HEIDI        which the rating is valid.
6 Other endorsement                HEIDI                                                                                                                                Y/N&Valid/Not
                                                                                                                                                                        Valid&YRS&Free TXT
6 Endorsements Unknown             HEIDI                                                                                                                                Y/N
5 Was the ATS personel                                                                             i.e. did the person hold valid licence, rating and endorsement for   Y/N
  concerned qualified for the                                                                      the position?
  position manned?
5 Was the position actually                                                                                                                                             Y/N
  manned or not?
5 Was the ATS personnel at the                                                                                                                                          Y/N
  position at the time of the
  occurrence?
5 Time since last refresher/       HEIDI            Elapsed time in years expressed in decimal    Insert the amount in month                                            YRS&MONTHS&DAYS
  check training                                    since last refresher or check.
5 Duty hours data                  HEIDI            Information on duty duration and scheduling Refers to its availability
                                                    of the day of the occurrence
6 Duty time since start of watch   HEIDI            Information on duty hours since the start of                                                                        HH.MM
                                                    watch expressed in hours and minutes
6 Elapsed time in position since   HEIDI            Information on elapsed time in position since                                                                       HH.MM
  break                                             last break expressed in hours and minutes
6 Duration of last break           HEIDI            Information on duration of last break                                                                               HH.MM
                                                    expressed in hours and minutes
6 Accumulated time in position     HEIDI            Information on accumulated time in position                                                                         HH.MM
  during watch                                      during watch expressed in hours and minutes
6 Duty segment                     HEIDI            Information on which part of the duty time                                                                          First/Middle/Last
                                                    period when the occurrence took place,
                                                    expressed as first, middle or last part




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6 Scheduled duty start time this   HEIDI             Information on duty start time of the day when                                                                         HH.MM
  day                                                the occurrence took place, expressed in UTC

6 Scheduled duty end time this     HEIDI             Information on duty end time of the day when                                                                           HH.MM
  day                                                the occurrence took place, expressed in UTC

6 Sleeping time                    HEIDI             Information on duration of sleep preceding the                                                                         HH.MM
                                                     duty of the day when the occurrence took
                                                     place, expressed in hours and minutes
3 Number of ATS staff involved     HEIDI                                                                  For each ATS Staff where necessary                                ##
1 Injury index (occurrence)        ICAO              The highest degree of injury sustained in an         Codes recommended: Fatal=F, Serious=C, Minor=M, None=N;
                                                     accident as defined in ICAO Annex 13 which           Fatal, serious, minor, none
                                                     gives the definition of the injury sustained, i.e.
                                                     fatal, serious, minor, none
2 Crew member                      ICAO              Crew member                                                                                                            Fatalities&Serious
                                                     A person assigned by an operator to duty on                                                                            Injuries&Minor
                                                     an aircraft during flight time                                                                                         Injuries&No Injuries
2 Passengers                       HEIDI Draft       Passengers including the persons carried in          ICAO 9713                                                         Fatalities&Serious
                                                     an aircraft other than the aircraft's crew           Passenger aircraft                                                Injuries&Minor
                                                                                                          An aircraft that carries any person other than a crewmember, an   Injuries&No Injuries
                                                                                                          operator's employee in an official capacity an authorised
                                                                                                          representative of an appropriate national authority or a person
                                                                                                          accompanying a consignment or other cargo.
2 Third parties                    HEIDI             Third party including the persons affected by                                                                          Fatalities&Serious
                                                     an aircraft accident or incident other than the                                                                        Injuries&Minor
                                                     aircraft's crew or passengers                                                                                          Injuries&No Injuries
2 Grand total                                                                                                                                                               Fatalities&Serious
                                                                                                                                                                            Injuries&Minor
                                                                                                                                                                            Injuries&No Injuries
2 Third Party Property damage      HEIDI           Property owned or operated by a third party            e.g. houses, cars, airport equipment                              Y/N
                                                   which is destroyed or damaged as a result of
                                                   an aircraft accident
1 Type of system alert             HEIDI           Types of systems used for monitoring alerts
2 Ground based Safety Nets         HEIDI           Ground based safety nets
3 STCA                             HEIDI (UK NATS- Short Term Conflict Alert system, an                   Current systems include                                           Y/N
                                   modified)       automated system which alerts controllers to           Short term conflict alert system, STCA, an SSR ground based
                                                   potential conflicts between aircraft via the air       system using computerized three dimensional flight trajectory
                                                   traffic situation display                              prediction to provide visual/aural warnings to the air traffic
                                                                                                          personnel about actual or potential conflicts
3 MSAW                             EUROCONTRO Minimum Safe Altitude Warning, an                                                                                             Y/N
                                   L          automated system which alerts controllers in
                                              situations where an aircraft is, or is predicted
                                              to be, flying at an altitude such that there is a
                                              danger of collision with terrain/obstacles.




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3 APW                                 EUROCONTRO Area Proximity Warning, is intended to alert           Operational Concept                                                Y/N
                                      L          situations where an eligible (SNET) aircraft is,       APW informs the controller when an aircraft is predicted to
                                                 or is predicted to be, flying in a region (SNET)       penetrate, or has penetrated, a region (SNET) of airspace, which
                                                 of protected airspace.                                 has been defined as protected. The penetration may be in the
                                                                                                        lateral, the vertical plane or a combination of the two.
                                                                                                        Note.- Regions (SNET)
                                                                                                        The functions of regions (SNET) is to provide a means of assigning
                                                                                                        particular characteristics to volumes of airspace. Relevant
                                                                                                        characteristics could include matters such as STCA separation
                                                                                                        criteria, MSAW minimum safe altitude (SNET) or Mode A codes for
                                                                                                        aircraft permitted to enter a volume of airspace protected by APW.
3 SMF                                 HEIDI           Automatic Safety Monitoring Function, SMF         (Ref.-EUROCONTROL-APW)                                             Y/N
3 Other                                                                                                                                                                    Free TXT
2 Other ground alerting devices                       Alerting devices other than STCA, MSAW, A-                                                                           Free TXT
                                                      SMGCS or any other ground based devices
2 Airborne based Safety nets          HEIDI           Systems used on board the aircraft
3 GPWS                                ICAO            Ground Proximity Warning System , a system Includes Enhanced GPWS (an alert is triggered)                            Y/N
                                                      which provides automatically a timely and
                                                      distinctive warning to the flight crew when the
                                                      aircraft is in potentially hazardous proximity to
                                                      the earth's surface.
3 ACAS                                ICAO Doc 9713   Airborne Collision Avoidance System, an           Note 1. - In this context the term "independently" means that ACAS Y/N
                                                      aircraft system, based on secondary               operates independently of other systems used by air traffic
                                                      surveillance radar (SSR) transponder signals services except for communication with Mode S ground stations
                                                      which operates independently of ground            Note 2. - SSR transponders referred to above are those operating
                                                      based equipment to provide advice to the pilot in Mode C or Mode S.
                                                      on potential conflicting aircraft that are
                                                      equipped with SSR transponders
3   TAWS                                                                                                                                                                   Y/N
3   Other                                                                                                                                                                  Free TXT
2   Other airborne alerting devices                   Alerting devices other than, GPWS, ACAS                                                                              Free TXT
1   Data related to ANS Service                                                                         Where no Aircraft involved this section will contain only data on
                                                                                                        affected ATM service. Data for each ATS unit involved
2 ATM                                 HEIDI           A statement indicating that there has been an e.g. includes also events where ATM function only is involved
                                                      involvement where the ATM service or
                                                      function has led to an actual or is a potential
                                                      safety deficiency. It does not necessary
                                                      involve an aircraft




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3 Type of Air Traffic Management ICAO Report of   The primary component of Ground-Based            Note.-The general objective of ATM is to enable aircraft operators
  (ATM) Service provided         the 10th Air     ATM is Air Traffic Services (ATS), and the       to meet their planned times of departures and arrival and adhere to
                                 Navigation       adjunct components are Airspace                  their preferred flight profiles with the minimum constraints without
                                 Conference       Management(ASM) and Air Traffic Flow             compromising safety.
                                 Montreal-Doc     Management (ATFM)                                Ref.- ICAO DOC4444 definition of ATS:
                                 9583 AN-                                                          "A generic term meaning variously, flight information service (FIS),
                                 CONF/10EURO                                                       alerting service (ALRS), air traffic advisory service , air traffic
                                 CONTROL                                                           control (ATC) service (area control service, approach control
                                 FCO/ET1/ST02/                                                     service or aerodrome control service)
                                 DEL/1.0
                                                                                                   APDSG
                                                                                                   Indicate the type of service provided e.g.
                                                                                                   Area/terminal/Approach/Aerodrome-Control/Advisory/Information-
                                                                                                   Procedural/Radar etc. Use a combination of these for full
4 ATS                           ICAO Doc 4444     A generic term meaning variously , flight        description of service provided                                           Y/N
                                                  information service, alerting service, air traffic
                                                  advisory service, air traffic control service (
                                                  area control service, approach control service
                                                  or aerodrome control service)
5 Air Traffic Control (ATC)     ICAO Doc 4444     Air traffic control service                        Refers to the unit where the occurrence took place                      Y/N
                                                  A service provided for the purpose of:
                                                  a) preventing collisions:#between aircraft and
                                                  on the manoeuvring area between aircraft and
                                                  obstructions and
                                                  b) expediting and maintaining an orderly flow
                                                  of traffic
6 Aerodrome Control Service     ICAO Doc 9713     Air traffic control service for aerodrome traffic All traffic on the manoeuvring area of an aerodrome and all aircraft     Y/N
                                                                                                     flying in the vicinity of an aerodrome.#Note.- An aircraft is in the
                                                                                                     vicinity of an aerodrome when it is in, entering or leaving an
                                                                                                     aerodrome traffic circuit. (ICAO 9713-Aerodrome traffic)
7 Radar Service                 ICAO Doc 4444     Term used to indicate a service provided                                                                                   Y/N
                                                  directly by means of radar
8 Radar control                 ICAO Doc 4444     Term used to indicate that radar derived           Refers to the use of SMGCS                                              Y/N
                                                  information is employed directly in the
                                                  provision of an air traffic control service.
7 Procedural control            ICAO              Non-radar separation; procedural control.                                                                                  Y/N
                                                  The type of separation used when aircraft
                                                  position information is derived from sources
                                                  other than radar.
7 other                                                                                                                                                                      Free TXT
6 Approach Control Service      ICAO Doc 4444     Air traffic control service for arriving or      A unit established to provide air traffic control service to controlled   Y/N
                                                  departing controlled flights                     flights arriving at, or departing from, one or more aerodromes.
                                                                                                   (ICAO 9713- Approach control office)
7 Radar Service                 ICAO Doc 4444     Term used to indicate a service provided                                                                                   Y/N
                                                  directly by means of radar




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8 Radar control                  +                  Term used to indicate that radar derived                                                                                Y/N
                                                    information is employed directly in the
                                                    provision of an air traffic control service.
7 Procedural control             ICAO               Non-radar separation; procedural control.                                                                               Y/N
                                                    The separation used when aircraft position
                                                    information is derived from sources other than
                                                    radar.
7 other                                                                                                                                                                       Free TXT
6 Area Control Service           ICAO, Doc 4444 Air traffic control service for controlled flights   ICAO 9713- Area control centre; ACC#A unit established to provide Y/N
                                                in control areas.                                    air traffic control service to controlled flights in control areas under
                                                                                                     its jurisdiction.
7 Radar Service                  ICAO, Doc 4444 Term used to indicate a service provided                                                                                      Y/N
                                                directly by means of radar
8 Radar control                  ICAO, Doc 4444 Term used to indicate that radar derived                                                                                    Y/N
                                                information is employed directly in the
                                                provision of an air traffic control service.
7 Procedural Service             ICAO           Non-radar separation; procedural control.                                                                                   Y/N
                                                The separation used when aircraft position
                                                information is derived from sources other than
                                                radar.
7 Other surveillance means       HEIDI          Means involving other means than radar or      e.g. ADS derived positional information                                      Free TXT
                                                procedural service
7 other                                                                                                                                                                     Free TXT
6 Oceanic Area Control           HEIDI              Air traffic Control Service for controlled flights                                                                      Y/N
                                                    in areas over oceans
7 Radar Service                  ICAO Doc 4444      Term used to indicate a service provided                                                                                Y/N
                                                    directly by means of radar
8 Radar control                  ICAO Doc 4444      Term used to indicate that radar derived                                                                                Y/N
                                                    information is employed directly in the
                                                    provision of an air traffic control service.
7 Procedural control             ICAO               Non-radar separation; procedural control.                                                                               Y/N
                                                    The separation used when aircraft position
                                                    information is derived from sources other than
                                                    radar.
7 Other                          HEIDI              A service involving other means than radar or e.g. ADS derived positional information                                   Free TXT
                                                    procedural service
5 Air traffic Advisory Service   ICAO Doc 4444      A service provided within advisory airspace to                                                                          Y/N
                                                    ensure separation, in so far as practical,
                                                    between aircraft which are operating on IFR
                                                    flight plans.
6 Radar Service                  ICAO Doc 4444      Term used to indicate a service provided                                                                                Y/N
                                                    directly by means of radar
6 Other                          HEIDI                                                                                                                                      Free TXT




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5 Flight Information Service    ICAO Doc 4444   A service provided for the purpose of giving                                                                        Y/N
                                                advice and information useful for the safe and
                                                efficient conduct of flights.
6 Broadcast                     ICAO Doc 4444   A transmission of information relating to air  e.g. VOLMET, ATIS or MET office                                      Y/N
                                                navigation that is not addressed to a specific
                                                station or stations
6 Radar Service                 ICAO Doc 4444   Term used to indicate a service provided                                                                            Y/N
                                                directly by means of radar
6 Air/Ground Radio              HEIDI           Service provided by non-ATS personnel          ICAO: Operator                                                       Y/N
6 other                                                                                                                                                             Free TXT
5 Alerting Service, ALRS        ICAO Doc 4444   A service provided to notify appropriate                                                                            Y/N
                                                organisations regarding aircraft in need of
                                                search and rescue aid, and assist such
                                                organisations as required.
5 other                                                                                                                                                             Free TXT
4 Air Traffic Flow Management EUROCONTRO        Is a generic term covering any management         Refers to the fact the airspace where the occurrence took place   Y/N
  Service                     L ASM handbook    activity provided for the purpose of ensuring     was regulated or not.
                              ASM               an optimum flow of traffic to or through areas
                              ET1.ST08.5000H    during times when demand exceeds the
                              BK0100            available capacity of ATC system.
4 Airspace Management Service EUROCONTRO        Is a generic term covering any management         Is consistent with ICAO description of ASM in ICAO Doc ATS        Y/N
                              L ASM handbook    activity provided for the purpose of achieving    Planning Manual.
                              ASM               the most efficient use of airspace based on       Note always present in one way or another but left for
                              ET1.ST08.5000H    actual needs and, where possible, avoiding        completeness
                              BK0100            permanent airspace segregation.
4 No service                  HEIDI             A situation where either no service was                                                                             Y/N
                                                requested by the pilot or no service could be
                                                provided to the aircraft
2 Aeronautical Information      ICAO Doc 9713   A statement indicating that there has been an                                                                       Y/N
  Service                                       involvement where the AIS service or function
                                                has let to an actual or is a potential safety
                                                deficiency
                                                It does not necessarily involve an aircraft
2 SAR                           ICAO Doc 9713   A statement indicating that there has been an                                                                       Y/N
                                                involvement where the SAR service or
                                                function has let to an actual or is a potential
                                                safety deficiency
                                                It does not necessarily involve an aircraft
2 MET                                           A statement indicating that there has been an                                                                       Y/N
                                                involvement where the MET service or
                                                function has let to an actual or is a potential
                                                safety deficiency
                                                It does not necessarily involve an aircraft




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2 CNS                                             A statement indicating that there has been an                                                                                Y/N
                                                  involvement where the CNS services or
                                                  functions have let to an actual or are a
                                                  potential safety deficiency
                                                  It does not necessarily involve an aircraft
3 Have you reviewed relevant     APDSG                                                                                                                                         Y/N
  RTF and/or surveillance
  recordings
3 RTF frequency/communication APDSG                                                                                                                                            Free TXT
  and surveillance equipment
  used
2 Other activity affecting ATM                                                                        Which create workload for controllers
  service
3 Recreational aviation activity                                                                e.g. airshows, parachuting, gliding                                            Y/N
3 Military activities            HEIDI            Planned and co-ordinated, either routine or   e.g. military exceptional large scale exercises                                Y/N
                                                  non routine military activity.
3 Calibration flight(s)           HEIDI           Planned and co-ordinated flights for the                                                                                     Y/N
                                                  purpose of verification of navaids
                                                  performance that may generate restrictions to
                                                  other traffic.
3 Other                                                                                                                                                                        Free TXT
1 Data related to Aircraft                                                                            Where more than one aircraft are involved all aircraft relevant fields
  /Vehicle/Persons/Animals/                                                                           have to be repeated. Data for each aircraft involved
  others
2 Number of aircraft involved     HEIDI Draft     The number of aircraft to which safety was not      Ref.- Aircraft as defined in ICAO Annex 8.                               #
                                                  assured or which played a part in the
                                                  occurrence.
3 Aircraft registration           HEIDI           A group of letters, figures or a combination        ICAO Registration number/ Unknown                                        ICAO Registration
                                                  thereof which identifies the aircraft to the                                                                                 number& Unknown
                                                  State of Registry
3 Aircraft Flight Plan            ICAO Doc 9713   Specified information provided to air traffic       Refers to the original FPL message and all updates received by the
                                                  services units, relative to an intended flight or   ATM system (includes the ATS personnel) up to the time of the
                                                  portion of a flight of an aircraft                  occurrence
                                                                                                      Or
                                                                                                      To any information received by the ATM system in the case that an
                                                                                                      aircraft did not need a flight plan
4 Number of aircraft (formation   HEIDI           Number of aircraft in a defined formation                                                                                    ##
  flights)                                        flight, executiing a flight under the same call-
                                                  sign
4 RTF call sign                   ICAO Doc 9713   A group of letters, figures or a combination                                                                                 $$$$$$$
                                                  thereof which is either identical to, or the
                                                  coded equivalent of, the aircraft call sign to be
                                                  used in air-ground communications, and
                                                  which is used to identify the aircraft in ground-
                                                  ground air traffic services communication




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5 Aircraft last departure point,    ICAO          Name of last departure (origin) point using the   e.g. departure aerodrome in ICAo code or ZZZZ when unknown           $$$$
  ICAO location indicator                         ICAO location indicator for the exact location
                                                  or nearest named location
5 Aircraft last departure point,    ADREP HEIDI   Name of last departure point using plain          e.g. departure aerodrome                                             Free TXT
  plain language                                  language for the exact location or nearest
                                                  named location
5 Aircraft planned destination,     ADREP HEIDI   Name of the aircraft planned destination using    e.g. destination aerodrome                                           $$$$
  ICAO location indicator                         the ICAO location indicator for the exact
                                                  location or nearest named location
5 Aircraft planned destination,     ADREP HEIDI   Name of the aircraft planned destination using    e.g. destination aerodrome                                           Free TXT
  plain language                                  plain language for the exact location or
                                                  nearest named location
5 Aircraft flight level/altitude/   ICAO Doc      Flight level; FL#A surface of constant          FL
  height                            9713/HEIDI    atmospheric pressure which is related to a      Note 1.- A pressure type altimeter calibrated in accordance with the
                                                  specific pressure datum, 1 013,2 hPa, and is    standard atmosphere:#a) when set to a QNH altimeter setting, will
                                                  separated from other such surfaces by           indicate altitude;
                                                  specific pressure intervals.                    b) when set to a QFE altimeter setting, will indicate height above
                                                                                                  the QFE reference datum;
                                                  Altitude; ALT                                   c) when set to a pressure 1 013,2 hPa may be used to indicate
                                                  The vertical distance of a level, a point or an flight levels.
                                                  object considered as a point, measured from Note 2.- The terms "height" and "altitude", used in Note 1 above,
                                                  the mean sea level (MSL)                        indicate altimetric rather than geometric heights and altitudes
                                                                                                  Height
                                                  Height                                          Note 1.- For the purpose of this example, the point referred to
                                                  The vertical distance of a level, a point or an above is the lowest part of the aeroplane and the specified datum
                                                  object considered as a point, measured from is the take-off or landing surface, whichever is applicable
6 FL                                ICAO Doc      a specific datum
                                                  A surface of constant atmospheric pressure      Note 1.- A pressure type altimeter calibrated in accordance with the
                                    9713/HEIDI    which is related to a specific pressure datum, standard atmosphere:
                                                  1 013,2 hPa, and is separated from other        a) when set to a QNH altimeter setting, will indicate altitude;
                                                  such surfaces by specific pressure intervals. b) when set to a QFE altimeter setting, will indicate height above
                                                  Note 1.- A pressure type altimeter calibrated the QFE reference datum;
                                                  in accordance with the standard                 c) when set to a pressure 1 013,2 hPa may be used to indicate
                                                  atmosphere:                                     flight levels.
                                                  a) when set to a QNH altimeter setting, will    Note 2.- The terms "height" and "altitude", used in Note 1 above,
                                                  indicate altitude;                              indicate altimetric rather than geometric heights and altitudes.
                                                  b) when set to a QFE altimeter setting, will    As per ICAO Doc 4444 (E.g. F330, S1130, A100, M0840)
                                                  indicate height above the QFE reference
                                                  datum;
                                                  c) when set to a pressure 1 013,2 hPa may be
                                                  used to indicate flight levels.
                                                  Note 2.- The terms "height" and "altitude",
                                                  used in Note 1 above, indicate altimetric




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7 Requested     HEIDI           Planned cruising level for the portion of the                                                                       Value in feet&Value in
                                flight i.e. at the time of the occurrence                                                                           meters&NA
                                Note it may have been granted already or not

7 Actual        HEIDI           The aircraft actual Flight Level, FL, at the time                                                                   Value in feet&Value in
                                of the occurrence when applicable.                                                                                  meters&NA
7 Cleared       HEIDI           The aircraft cleared Flight Level, FL, at the                                                                       Value in feet&Value in
                                time of the occurrence when applicable.                                                                             meters&NA
                                Clearance limit is defined as the point to
                                which an aircraft is granted an air traffic
                                control
7 Coordinated   HEIDI           The FL or level band at or within which the                                                                         Value in feet&Value in
                                aircraft is expected                                                                                                meters&NA
8 entry         HEIDI           The Co-ordinated entry level (at an entry point                                                                     Value in feet&Value in
                                into a sector)                                                                                                      meters&NA
8 exit          HEIDI           The Co-ordinated exit level (at an exit point                                                                       Value in feet&Value in
                                into a sector)                                                                                                      meters&NA
6 Altitude      ICAO Doc 9713   Altitude; ALT
                ADREP/HEIDI     The vertical distance of a level, a point or an
                                object considered as a point, measured from
                                the mean sea level (MSL)
7 Requested     HEIDI           Planned cruising level for the portion of the                                                                       Value in feet&Value in
                                flight i.e. at the time of the occurrence                                                                           meters&NA
                                Note it may have been granted already or not

7 Actual        HEIDI           The aircraft actual altitude at the time of the                                                                     Value in feet&Value in
                                occurrence when applicable.                                                                                         meters&NA
7 Cleared       HEIDI           The aircraft cleared altitude at the time of the                                                                    Value in feet&Value in
                                occurrence when applicable.                                                                                         meters&NA
7 Coordinated   HEIDI           The altitude or altitude band at or within which                                                                    Value in feet&Value in
                                the aircraft is expected                                                                                            meters&NA
8 entry         HEIDI           The Co-ordinated entry altitude (at an entry                                                                        Value in feet&Value in
                                point into a sector/area of responsibility)                                                                         meters&NA
8 exit          HEIDI           The Co-ordinated exit altitude (at an exit point                                                                    Value in feet&Value in
                                into a sector/area of responsibility)                                                                               meters&NA
6 Height        ICAO Doc 9713   Height                                           Note 1.- For the purpose of this example, the point referred to
                ADREP/HEIDI     The vertical distance of a level, a point or an above is the lowest part of the aeroplane and the specified datum
                                object considered as a point, measured from is the take-off or landing surface, whichever is applicable
                                a specific datum
7 Requested     HEIDI           Planned level (height) to carry out a given                                                                         Value in feet&Value in
                                activity. at the time of the occurrence                                                                             meters&NA
                                Note it may have been granted already or not

7 Actual        HEIDI           The aircraft actual height at the time of the                                                                       Value in feet&Value in
                                occurrence when applicable.                                                                                         meters&NA




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7 Cleared                          HEIDI            The aircraft cleared height at the time of the                                                                       Value in feet&Value in
                                                    occurrence when applicable.                                                                                          meters&NA
                                                    Clearance limit is defined as the point to
                                                    which an aircraft is granted an air traffic
                                                    control
7 Coordinated                      HEIDI            The height or height band at or within which                                                                         Value in feet&Value in
                                                    the aircraft is expected                                                                                             meters&NA
8 entry                            HEIDI            The Co-ordinated entry height (at an entry                                                                           Value in feet&Value in
                                                    point into a sector/area of responsibility)                                                                          meters&NA
8 exit                             HEIDI            The Co-ordinated exit height (at an exit point                                                                       Value in feet&Value in
                                                    into a sector/area of responsibility)                                                                                meters&NA
4   SSR Code                       APDSG                                                                                                                                 $####
4   Mode C                         APDSG                                                                                                                                 Y/N
4   MODE S                                                                                                                                                               Y/N
4   MASPS Compliant                                                                                                                                                      Y/N
4   Flight rules                                                                                                                                                         I/V/Y/Z/SVFR/CVFR/U
                                                                                                                                                                         nknown/Other&Free
                                                                                                                                                                         TXT
5 IFR                              ICAO Doc 9713    Instrument flight rules, IFR                                                                                         Y/N
                                                    A set of rules governing the conduct of flight
                                                    under instrument meteorological conditions
5 VFR                              ICAO Doc 9713    Visual flight rules, VFR                          Note.- It includes Special VFR (ICAO 9713 Special VFR              Y/N
                                                                                                      A VFR flight cleared by Air Traffic Control to operate within a
                                                                                                      control zone in meteorological conditions below VMC) and
                                                                                                      Controlled VFR (a controlled flight conducted in accordance with
                                                                                                      the Visual Flight Rules)
6 SVFR                             ICAO Doc 4444, Special VFR                                         Note: the abbreviation SVFR is not ICAO                            Y/N
                                   HEIDI          A VFR flight cleared by Air Traffic Control to
                                                  operate within a control zone in
                                                  meteorological conditions below VMC.
6 Controlled VFR                   ICAO Doc 9713, Controlled VFR flight                            Note: the abbreviation CVFR is not ICAO                               Y/N
                                   HEIDI
5   IFR/VFR                        ICAO Doc 9713 Visual flight rules, then Instrument flight Rules                                                                       Y/N
5   VFR/IFR                        ICAO Doc 9713 Instrument flight rules, then Visual flight Rules                                                                       Y/N
5   Other                                                                                                                                                                Free TXT
5   Unknown                                                                                                                                                              Y/N
4   Aircraft type - ICAO type      ICAO             As identified by the appropriate ICAO             Note.- If type unknown , same procedure as flight plan ZZZZ        $$$$
    designator                                      designator or in plain language where no
                                                    ICAO designator exists.
4 Aircraft type - Plain language   ICAO                                                                                                                                  Free TXT
4 Aircraft category                ICAO Doc 9713    Classification of aircraft according to specified L, M, H                                                            As per ADREP
                                                    basic characteristics, e.g. aeroplane,            1, 2, 3, 4
                                                    helicopter, glider, free balloon etc.             T, J, P
4 Aircraft wake vortex category    ICAO                                                               H, M, L                                                            Heavy/Medium/Light




                                                                                      Page 17                                                                                   Version 1.1
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4 Aircraft operator              ICAO    Operator, aircraft operating agency, AOA,                                ICAO operator
                                         aircraft operator.
                                         A person, organisation or enterprise engaged
                                         in or offering to engage in an aircraft
                                         operation.
4 Aircraft operator                      Operator, aircraft operating agency, AOA,                                Free TXT
                                         aircraft operator.
                                         A person, organisation or enterprise engaged
                                         in or offering to engage in an aircraft
                                         operation.
4   State of aircraft operator   HEIDI   State from where a/c operator belongs        ICAO 2 lettres indicatoir   $$
4   Type of flight
5   Scheduled                    ICAO                                                                             Scheduled
5   Non-scheduled                ICAO                                                                             Non Scheduled
5   Air Taxi service             ICAO    The term can have two meanings: a type of                                Y/N
                                         on demand service usually performed by
                                         small capacity aircraft on short notice (…) in
                                         some cases (…)operated on a scheduled
                                         basis with stops made only at points where
                                         passengers and cargo are to be picked up or
                                         discharged.
5 Commercial air transport       ICAO    The operation of an aircraft on one or more                              Y/N
                                         stages on a scheduled or non scheduled
                                         basis, which is available to the public for
                                         remuneration or hire (technical stops are
                                         counted in ICAO statistics)
5 General aviation               ICAO    An aircraft operation other than a commercial                            Y/N
                                         air transport operation or aerial work
                                         operation
6 Instructional training         ICAO
7 Dual                           ICAO                                                                             Y/N
7 Solo                           ICAO                                                                             Y/N
7 Check                          ICAO                                                                             Y/N
7 Other Instructional            ICAO                                                                             Y/N&Free TXT
7 Unknown                        ICAO                                                                             Y/N
6 Non-commercial                 ICAO
7 Non-commercial - pleasure      ICAO                                                                             Y/N
7 Non-commercial - company       ICAO                                                                             Y/N
7 Non-commercial -               ICAO                                                                             Y/N
  government/state
7 Non-commercial - off-shore     ICAO                                                                             Y/N
  operation
7 Non-commercial - other         ICAO                                                                             Y/N




                                                                         Page 18                                        Version 1.1
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7 Non-commercial - unknown       ICAO                                                            Y/N
6 Aerial work                    ICAO         An aircraft operation in which an aircraft is
                                              used for specialized services such as
                                              agriculture, construction, photography,
                                              surveying, observation and patrol, search and
                                              rescue, aerial advertisement, etc.
7   Aerial towing                ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Aerial advertising           ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Aerial Observation           ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Aerial Photographic survey   ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Agricultural applications    ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Constructions                ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Logging                      ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Parachutist drop             ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Sling load operations        ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Aerial fire control          ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Other aerial work            ICAO                                                            Y/N&Free TXT
7   Aerial work -unknown         ICAO                                                            Y/N
6   Miscellaneous                ICAO
7   Airshow/race                 ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Demonstration                ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Ferry                        ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Illegal/smugling             ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Search and Rescue            ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Test/experimental            ICAO                                                            Y/N
7   Other                        ICAO                                                            Y/N&Free TXT
7   Unknown                      ICAO                                                            Y/N
5   Military flight              Jane's       Aircraft operated by armed service legal or        Y/N
                                 Aerospace    insurrectionary, no matter what aircraft type
                                 Dictionary   (excluding combat aircraft retired and privately
                                              owned).
5 State aircraft flight          ICAO         (…) aircraft used for military, customs, police    Y/N
                                              or other law enforcement services of a State
4   Airline type of operation    ICAO
5   Passenger                    ICAO                                                            Y/N
5   Cargo                        ICAO                                                            Y/N
5   Passenger/cargo              ICAO                                                            Y/N
5   Instructional flight         HEIDI/ICAO   An aircraft operation in which an aircraft is      Y/N
                                              used for teaching how to fly.
5 Other                          ICAO                                                            Y/N&Free TXT




                                                                                Page 19                Version 1.1
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5 Unknown                         ICAO                                                                                                                                     Y/N
3 Type of Air Traffic
4 OAT/GAT                         HEIDI                                                                Indicate whether the flight comprises both OAT and GAT segments Y/N

4 GAT                             Eurocontrol        General Air Traffic:                              e.g. military transport aircraft flying on a civil airway route     Y/N
                                                     GAT encompasses all flights conducted in          State the Type of Air traffic at the time of the occurrence
                                                     accordance with rules and procedures of
                                                     ICAO
                                                     Note.-GAT can include military flights for
                                                     which ICAO rules and procedures satisfy
                                                     entirely their operational requirements
4 OAT                             Eurocontrol        Operational Air Traffic:                          e.g. interception flights or training flight in military airspace   Y/N
                                  (Flexible Use of   OAT encompasses all flights which do not          State the Type of Air traffic at the time of the occurrence
                                  Airspace           comply with the provisions stated for GAT and
                                  Handbook)          for which rules and procedures have been
                                                     specified by appropriate national authorities.
                                                     Note.- OAT can include civil flights such as
                                                     test-flights which require some deviation from
                                                     ICAO rules to satisfy their operational
                                                     requirements.
4 Unknown                                                                                                                                                                  Y/N
3 Phases of aircraft operations   HEIDI              Phases of the operation of the aircraft, defined For ATM only occurrences i.e. where no aircraft was involved but
  applicable                                         in the "gate-to-gate" concept                    gives an indication of which phase(s) of operation could have been
                                                                                                      affected
4 Standing                        ICAO,              The aircraft is not moving relative the ground
                                  ADREP/HEIDI
5 Engine(s) not operating         ICAO,              The aircraft is not moving relative the ground,                                                                       Y/N
                                  ADREP/HEIDI        engines not operating
5 Starting engines                ICAO,              The aircraft is not moving relative the ground,                                                                       Y/N
                                  ADREP/HEIDI        engines under start-up procedure
5 Engine(s) operating             ICAO,              The aircraft is not moving relative the ground,                                                                       Y/N
                                  ADREP/HEIDI        engines operating
5 Engine run-up                   ICAO,              The aircraft is not moving relative the ground,                                                                       Y/N
                                  ADREP/HEIDI        engines operating under run-up procedure

5 Rotor turning                   ICAO,              The rotorcraft is not moving relative the                                                                             Y/N
                                  ADREP/HEIDI        ground, engines under start-up procedure or
                                                     operating, rotor turning after engines have
                                                     been shut down after landing
5 Standing-other                  ICAO,              The aircraft is not moving relative the ground,                                                                       Free TXT
                                  ADREP/HEIDI        other




                                                                                      Page 20                                                                                    Version 1.1
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4 Taxiing                        ICAO Doc 9713   Movement of an aircraft on the surface of an
                                 ADREP           aerodrome under its own power, excluding
                                                 take-off and landing. Includes taxi-holding
                                                 position
5 Push back/tow                  ICAO,           The aircraft is under movement in taxiing         Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     phase, under push-back or towing
5 Taxiing from landing           ICAO,           The aircraft is under movement in taxiing         Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     phase from landing. Includes high speed turn-
                                                 off
5 Taxiing to take-off            ICAO,           The aircraft is under movement in taxiing         Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     phase to run-up area, holding position or
                                                 lining up for take-off
5 Aerial taxi                    ICAO,           The aircraft is under movement in taxiing         Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     phase to position within aerial work
                                                 operations. Includes rotorcraft hovering into
                                                 position
5 Taxiing-other                  ICAO,           The aircraft is under movement in taxiing         Free TXT
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     phase, other
4 Take-off                       ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase defined by the time
                                 ADREP           during which the engine is operated at the
                                                 rated output
5 Take-off run                   ICAO,           The aircraft is under movement in order to        Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     take-off on the runway
5 Initial climb                  ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase defined from lifting off to   Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     top of climb.
                                                 Generally the climb phase includes the
                                                 operating phase defined by the time during
                                                 which the engine is operated in the climb
                                                 operating mode.
5 Aborted take-off               ICAO,           Operating phase where the take-off is             Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     intentionally aborted
5 Climb into traffic pattern     ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase defined from lifting off to   Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     entering the traffic pattern.
                                                 Generally the climb phase includes the
                                                 operating phase defined by the time during
                                                 which the engine is operated in the climb
                                                 operating mode
5 Climb, after gear retraction   ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase defined from gear             Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI     retraction to top of climb.
                                                 Generally the climb phase includes the
                                                 operating phase defined by the time during
                                                 which the engine is operated in the climb
                                                 operating mode




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5 Emergency descent        ICAO,           The operating phase where the aircraft leaves ICAO                                                                    Y/N
                           ADREP/HEIDI     its planned or cleared trajectory.               Emergency phase is as a generic term meaning as the case may
                                                                                            be, uncertainty phase , alert phase or distress phase
                                                                                            CAST/ICAO
                                                                                            An intentionally rapid or premature descent from a previously
                                                                                            normal manoeuvre in response to an in-flight emergency
5 Uncontrolled descent     ICAO,           The operating phase where the aircraft leaves CAST/ICAO                                                               Y/N
                           ADREP/HEIDI     its planned or cleared trajectory, and where     An uncontrolled descent from a previously normal manoeuvre in
                                           the crew's controllability of the aircraft is    response to an in-flight emergency
                                           partially or totally lost
5 Take-off other           ICAO,           The operating phase where the take-off phase                                                                          Free TXT
                           ADREP/HEIDI     could not be further specified
4 En-route                 ICAO Doc 9713   The part of the flight from the end of the take-
                           ADREP           off and initial climb phase to the
                                           commencement of the approach and landing
                                           phase
5 Climb to cruise          ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase where the aircraft leaves                                                                         Y/N
                           ADREP/HEIDI     an en-route level/altitude for a higher
                                           level/altitude. Cruising level means a level
                                           maintained during a significant portion of a
                                           flight
5 Cruise                   ICAO Doc 9713   Cruising level means a level maintained                                                                               Y/N
                           ADREP/HEIDI     during a significant portion of a flight
5 Change of cruise level   ICAO,           The operating phase where the aircraft leaves                                                                         Y/N
                           ADREP/HEIDI     an en-route level/altitude for another
                                           level/altitude
5 Normal descent           ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase where the aircraft leaves                                                                         Y/N
                           ADREP/HEIDI     an en-route level/altitude for a lower
                                           level/altitude
5 Emergency descent        ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase where the aircraft leaves ICAO                                                                    Y/N
                           ADREP/HEIDI     its planned or cleared trajectory.               Emergency phase is as a generic term meaning as the case may
                                                                                            be, uncertainty phase , alert phase or distress phase
                                                                                            CAST/ICAO
                                                                                            An intentionally rapid or premature descent from a previously
                                                                                            normal manoeuvre in response to an in-flight emergency
5 Uncontrolled descent     ICAO,           The operating phase where the aircraft leaves CAST/ICAO                                                               Y/N
                           ADREP/HEIDI     its planned or cleared trajectory, and where     An uncontrolled descent from a previously normal manoeuvre in
                                           the crew's controllability of the aircraft is    response to an in-flight emergency
                                           partially or totally lost
5 Holding                  HEIDI           A predetermined or ad-hoc manoeuvre which for ATM only occurrences i.e. where no aircraft was involved but            Y/N
                                           keeps an aircraft within a specified airspace    gives an indication of which phase(s) of operation could have been
                                           while awaiting further clearance                 affected
5 Other                    ICAO,           The operating phase where the en-route                                                                                Free TXT
                           ADREP/HEIDI     phase could not be further specified




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4 Approach                   ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase defined by the time                                                                               Y/N
                             ADREP           during which the engine is operated in the
                                             approach operating mode
5 Holding                    HEIDI           A predetermined or ad-hoc manoeuvre which                                                                             Y/N
                                             keeps an aircraft within a specified airspace
                                             while awaiting further clearance
5 Intermediate approach      ICAO Doc 9713   The intermediate approach commences                Note. - Includes Initial Approach                                  Y/N
                             ADREP           where the aircraft passes that segment of an
                                             instrument approach procedure between
                                             either the intermediate approach fix and the
                                             final approach fix or point, or between the end
                                             of a reversal, racetrack or dead reckoning
                                             track procedure and the final approach fix or
                                             point, as appropriate
5 Final approach             ICAO Doc 9713   That part of an instrument approach                The definition also applies for visual approach VFR flights and,   Y/N
                             ADREP/HEIDI     procedure which commences at the specified         defined as alignment with the RWY after end of base leg
                                             final approach fix or point, or where such a fix
                                             or point is not specified,
                                             at the end of the last procedure turn, base
                                             turn or inbound turn of a racetrack procedure,
                                             if specified; or
                                             at the point of interception of the last track
                                             specified in the approach procedure; and
                                             ends at a point in the vicinity of an aerodrome
                                             from which:
                                             a landing can be made; or
5 Circuit pattern/downwind   ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase where the initiated
                                             a missed approach procedure isaircraft flies in   Note. -Includes circling approach                                   Y/N
                             ADREP/HEIDI     the traffic circuit at downwind parallel with the
                                             RWY.
                                             Circling approach is defined as an extension
                                             of an instrument approach procedure which
                                             provides for visual circling of the aerodrome
                                             prior to landing
5 Circuit pattern/base leg   ICAO Doc 9713   The operating phase where the aircraft flies in Note. -Includes circling approach                                     Y/N
                             ADREP/HEIDI     the traffic circuit at base leg, defined as the
                                             oblique or perpendicular segment of flight
                                             preceding the turn to final approach.
                                             Circling approach is defined as an extension
                                             of an instrument approach procedure which
                                             provides for visual circling of the aerodrome
                                             prior to landing.




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5 Circuit pattern/final          ICAO Doc 9713  The operating phase where the aircraft has      Note. -Includes circling approach                                 Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    entered the final approach from the traffic
                                                circuit pattern.
                                                Circling approach is defined as an extension
                                                of an instrument approach procedure which
                                                provides for visual circling of the aerodrome
                                                prior to landing.
5 Missed approach/go-around      ICAO Doc 9713 The operating phase where the aircraft flies                                                                       Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    the procedure to be followed if the approach
                                                cannot be continued.
5 Aborted/interrupted approach   ICAO           The operating phase where the aircraft aborts                                                                     Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    the approach before reaching decision height
                                                or point
5 Emergency descent              ICAO Doc 9713 The operating phase where the aircraft leaves ICAO                                                                 Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    its planned or cleared trajectory.              Emergency phase is as a generic term meaning as the case may
                                                                                                be, uncertainty phase , alert phase or distress phase
                                                                                                CAST/ICAO
                                                                                                An intentionally rapid or premature descent from a previously
                                                                                                normal manoeuvre in response to an in-flight emergency
5 Uncontrolled descent           ICAO,          The operating phase where the aircraft leaves CAST/ICAO                                                           Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    its planned or cleared trajectory, and where    An uncontrolled descent from a previously normal manoeuvre in
                                                the crew's controllability of the aircraft is   response to an in-flight emergency
                                                partially or totally lost
5 Other                          ICAO,          The operating phase where the approach                                                                            Free TXT
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    phase could not be further specified
4 Landing                        ICAO,          The operating phase where the aircraft is
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    manoeuvring with the intent to touchdown
                                                including landing roll, aborted landing, touch-
                                                and-go landing
5 Level-off/touchdown            ICAO Doc 9713, Level-off is defined as the flare of an         Note. -Touchdown point is only a datum and is not necessary the   Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    aeroplane or hovering up of a rotorcraft with actual point at which the aircraft will touch the runway
                                                the intent to touchdown.
                                                The touchdown is defined as the point where
                                                the nominal glide path intercepts the
                                                runway.
                                                The touch down zone is defined as the portion
                                                of the runway, beyond the threshold, where it
                                                is intended landing aeroplanes first contact
                                                the runway
5 Landing roll                   ICAO,          The operating phase where the aircraft rolls                                                                      Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    out on the runway after touchdown
5 Landing aborted after          ICAO,          The operating phase where the aircraft rolls    Note. - Includes touch-and-go landing                             Y/N
  touchdown                      ADREP/HEIDI    on the runway after touchdown followed
                                                directly by a take-off manoeuvre
5 Power-on landing, helicopter   ICAO,          The operating phase where a rotorcraft is                                                                         Y/N
                                 ADREP/HEIDI    hovering up with the intent to touchdown




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5 Autorotative landing, helicopter ICAO,         The operating phase where a rotorcraft is                                                                            Y/N
                                   ADREP/HEIDI   manoeuvring in an emergency situation or in a
                                                 simulated engine failure condition with the
                                                 intent to touchdown
5 Other                         ICAO,            The operating phase where the landing phase                                                                          Free TXT
                                ADREP/HEIDI      could not be further specified
4 Manoeuvering                  ICAO,            Planned low-level flight or altitude, or planned
                                ADREP/HEIDI      abnormal altitude or abnormal acceleration

5 Aerobatics                    ICAO,            Any manoeuvering into abrupt change in                                                                               Y/N
                                ADREP/HEIDI      altitude or abnormal acceleration (usually
                                                 associated with airshows and military filght)
5 Low flying                    ICAO,            Low-level flight in preparation for or during                                                                        Y/N
                                ADREP/HEIDI      observation work, demonstration,
                                                 photography work, aerial application, etc.
4 Injury index                  ICAO             The highest degree of injury sustained in an       Codes recommended: Fatal=F, Serious=C, Minor=M, None=Nfatal,
                                                 accident as defined in ICAO Annex 13 which         serious, minor, none
                                                 gives a definition of the injury sustained, i.e.
                                                 fatal, serious, minor, none
5 Crew member                   ICAO             Crew member                                                                                                          Fatalities&Serious
                                                 A person assigned by an operator to duty on                                                                          Injuries&Minor
                                                 an aircraft during flight time                                                                                       Injuries&No Injuries
5 Passengers                    HEIDI            Passengers including the persons carried in        ICAO Doc 9713                                                     Fatalities&Serious
                                                 an aircraft other than the aircraft's crew         Passenger aircraft                                                Injuries&Minor
                                                                                                    An aircraft that carries any person other than a crewmember, an   Injuries&No Injuries
                                                                                                    operator's employee in an official capacity an authorized
                                                                                                    representative of an appropriate national authority or a person
                                                                                                    accompanying a consignment or other cargo.
5 Total                         HEIDI            Refers to TOTAL on board                                                                                             Fatalities&Serious
                                                                                                                                                                      Injuries&Minor
                                                                                                                                                                      Injuries&No Injuries
4 Aircraft Damage index         ICAO             A classification of the damage sustained by        Codes recommended: Destroyed=D, Substantially damaged=C,          Destroyed/Substantiall
                                                 the aircraft in an accident (destroyed,            Minor damage=M, Damage none=N                                     y/Minor/None
                                                 substantially damaged, minor damage,
                                                 damage none)
3 Traffic information
4 Essential local traffic       ICAO             ICAO Doc 4444                                                                                                        Y/N/Late/Unknown/Inc
  information passed                             Essential local traffic shall be considered to                                                                       orrect
                                                 consist of any aircraft, vehicle or personnel on
                                                 or near the manoeuvring area or traffic
                                                 operating in the vicinity of the aerodrome,
                                                 which may constitute a hazard to the aircraft
                                                 concerned.




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4 Essential traffic information       ICAO       ICAO Doc 4444                                    Reference being the applicable separation that has been          Y/N/Late/Unknown/Inc
  passed                                         Refers to that controlled traffic to which the   established locally by the Appropriate Authority.                orrect
                                                 provision of separation by ATC is applicable,
                                                 but which, in relation to particular controlled
                                                 flight, is not separated therefrom by the
                                                 minima set forth in Sections 2 to 9 inclusive of
                                                 PART III, section 3 of PART IV and 6.6. of
                                                 PART VI .
3 Avoiding action                                                                                 Avoiding action taken or not taken                               Y/N/Late/Unknown/Ina
                                                                                                                                                                   dequate
4 Initiator                                                                                      Modifiers are: pilot Evasive manoeuvre, controller instruction,   Pilot/Controller/Both
                                                                                                 simultaneous actions
4 If avoiding action taken when                                                                                                                                    Y/N
  possible: has it reduced the risk

4 If avoiding action not taken:                                                                                                                                    Y/N
  could an avoiding action have
  reduced the risk
3 Specific Procedure used at the                                                                 For each aircraft
  time of the occurrence
4 Land after                                                                                                                                                       Y/N
4 SIRO                                           Simultaneous Runway Operations                                                                                    Y/N
4 Line-up behind                                                                                                                                                   Y/N
4 Low visibility procedure
5 CAT I                                                                                                                                                            Y/N
5 CAT II                                                                                                                                                           Y/N
5 CAT III a                                                                                                                                                        Y/N
5 CAT III b                                                                                                                                                        Y/N
5 CAT III c                                                                                                                                                        Y/N
4 Precision approach                                                                                                                                               Y/N
4 Non precision procedure
5 Non precision procedure                                                                        Refers to a permanently published procedure                       Y/N
  Standard
5 Non precision procedure                                                                         Refers to a temporarily published procedure or a ground          Y/N
  Degraded                                                                                       equipment partial failure
4 Experimental procedure                                                                                                                                           Y/N
4 Other                                                                                                                                                            Free TXT
3 Flight information             ICAO Doc 9713   Flight information region; FIR                  ICAO FIR Code Indicator                                           $$$$
  Region,:ICAO designator                        An airspace of defined dimensions within
                                                 which flight information service and alerting
                                                 service are provided.#Use the ICAO
                                                 designator when applicable




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3 Flight information Region,:Plain ICAO Doc 9713   Flight information region; FIR                                                                                                  Free TXT
  language                                         An airspace of defined dimensions within
                                                   which flight information service and alerting
                                                   service are provided.
4 Air Traffic Services Airspaces   ICAO Doc 9713   Air traffic services airspaces.                        ICAO Annex 11 defines 7 ATS airspaces. The classification should A/B/C/D/E/F/G
                                                   Airspaces of defined dimensions,                       refer to the appropriate ICAO letter i.e. classes A,B,C,D,E,F, G or
                                                   alphabetically designated, within which                others in order to address local requirements
                                                   specific types of flights may operate and for
                                                   which air traffic services and rules of
                                                   operation are specified.
4 Type of airspace/routes          HEIDI           A defined volume, portion or route of airspace         Relevant route/airspace at the time/position of occurrence
                                                   with specified rules
5 ATS Route, name                  HEIDI           ATS route                                              Note.- The term "ATS route" is used to mean variously, airway,
                                                   A specified route designated for channelling           advisory route, controlled or uncontrolled route, arrival or departure
                                                   the flow of traffic as necessary for the               route, etc.
                                                   provision of air traffic services.
6 Air Route, Lower Airspace        ICAO 9713       Upper Air Route, UAR                                   Lower or upper can be extracted from the presence or absence of          ICAO Route designator
  Route, Upper Air Route, UAR                      Heidi:                                                 U preceding route identifier
                                                   A specified route designated for channelling           Note: Record ICAO Route designator
                                                   the flow of traffic as necessary for the
                                                   provision of air traffic services in the upper
                                                   airspace as defined for actual airspace
                                                   Lower Airspace Route
                                                   A specified route designated for channelling
                                                   the flow of traffic as necessary for the
                                                   provision of air traffic services in the lower
7 Conventional ATS route           HEIDI           airspace
                                                   Relates to navigational aspects                                                                                                 Y/N
7 Advisory route                   ICAO Annex 11   A designated route along which air traffic             The route Designator contains the letter D to indicate that on the       ICAO Route designator
                                                   advisory service is available                          route or portion thereof advisory service only is provided               D
7 F type route                                                                                            The route Designator contains the letter F to indicate that on the       ICAO Route designator
                                                                                                          route or portion thereof Flight Information service only is provided     F
7 RNAV Route                       HEIDI           method of navigation which permits aircraft                                                                                     Y/N
                                                   operation on any desired flight path within the
                                                   coverage of station-referenced navigation
                                                   aids or within the limits of the capability of self-
                                                   contained aids, or a combination of these

8 B-RNAV                           HEIDI           Basic Area Navigation                                                                                                           ICAO Route designator

8 P-RNAV                           HEIDI           Precision Area Navigation                                                                                                       ICAO Route designator

9 RNP1 "Y" type route                                                                                     Refers to turn performance required on the route-for RNP1 routes         ICAO Route designator
                                                                                                          at and above FL200                                                       Y
9 RNP1 "Z" type route                                                                                     Refers to turn performance required on the rouite-for RNP1 routes        ICAO Route designator
                                                                                                          at and below FL190                                                       Z




                                                                                       Page 27                                                                                           Version 1.1
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7 CDR                                          Conditional Route
8 CDR1                                         Planifiable                                                                                                             Published Route
                                                                                                                                                                       designator
8 CDR2                                         Debatable                                                                                                               Published Route
                                                                                                                                                                       designator
8 CDR3                                         Non planifiable                                                                                                         Published Route
                                                                                                                                                                       designator
7 Other route types                                                                            e.g; K to indicate a low level route established for use primarily by
                                                                                               helicopters, for Helicopter routes, S to indicate a route established
                                                                                               exclusively for use by supersonic aircraft during
                                                                                               acceleration/deceleration and while in supersonic flight
8   K                                                                                                                                                                  Y/N
8   S                                                                                                                                                                  Y/N
8   Other                                                                                                                                                              Y/N
5   Standard Instrument        ICAO Doc 9713   A designated instrument flight rule (IFR)                                                                               Free TXT
    Departure, SID                             departure route linking the aerodrome or a
                                               specified runway of the aerodrome with a
                                               specified significant point, normally a
                                               designated ATS route, at which the en-route
                                               phase of a flight commences
6 Noise abatement              ICAO            ICAO Doc 9713                                                                                                           Y/N
                                               Noise abatement operating procedure, noise
                                               abatement procedure; NAP
5 STARs                        ICAO Doc 9713   A designated instrument flight rule (IFR)                                                                               Free TXT
                                               arrival route linking a significant point,
                                               normally on an ATS route, with a point from
                                               which a published instrument approach
                                               procedure can be commenced
6 Noise abatement              ICAO            ICAO Doc 9713                                                                                                           Y/N
                                               Noise abatement operating procedure, noise
                                               abatement procedure; NAP
5 Terminal Control Area, TMA   ICAO Doc 9713   A control area normally established at the      Note the system will have to enable selection of the relevant fields    Y/N
                                               confluence of ATS routes in the vicinity of one only
                                               or more major aerodromes.
5 Control Area, CTA            ICAO Doc 9713   A controlled airspace extending upwards from                                                                            Y/N
                                               a specified limit above the earth.




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5 ATZ                             ICAO Doc 9713   Aerodrome traffic zone; ATZ                            Y/N
                                                  An airspace of defined dimensions
                                                  established around an aerodrome for the
                                                  protection of aerodrome traffic
                                                  Aerodrome traffic;
                                                  All traffic on the manoeuvring area of an
                                                  aerodrome and all aircraft flying in the vicinity
                                                  of an aerodrome.
                                                  Note.- An aircraft is in the vicinity of an
                                                  aerodrome when it is in, entering or leaving an
5 CTR                             ICAO Doc 9713   aerodrome traffic circuit.
                                                  Control zone                                           Y/N
                                                  A controlled airspace extending upwards from
                                                  the surface of the earth to a specified upper
                                                  limit
4 Other airspace area                                                                                    Free TXT
4 Restriction to the planned flight
  route
5 Temporary Segregated Area, ASM Handbook         Temporary Segregated Area (TSA) is an                  Y/N
  TSA                                             airspace of defined dimensions within which
                                                  activities require the reservation of airspace
                                                  for the exclusive use of specific users during a
                                                  determined period of time.
5 Cross-border Area, CBA          ASM Handbook    Cross-border Area (CBA) is a Temporary                 Y/N
                                                  Segregated Area established over
                                                  international boundaries for specific
                                                  operational requirements.
5 Restricted area                 ICAO Doc 9713   Restricted area                                        Y/N
                                                  An airspace of defined dimensions, above the
                                                  land areas or territorial waters of a State,
                                                  within which the flight of aircraft is restricted in
                                                  accordance with certain specified conditions.

5 Prohibited area                 ICAO Doc 9713   Prohibited area                                        Y/N
                                                  An airspace of defined dimensions, above the
                                                  land areas or territorial waters of a State,
                                                  within which the flight of aircraft is prohibited.
5 Danger Area                     ICAO Doc 9713   Danger area                                            Y/N
                                                  An airspace of defined dimensions within
                                                  which activities dangerous to the flight of
                                                  aircraft may exist at specified times.
5 Type of airspace in relation with HEIDI
  the applicable vertical
  separation




                                                                                      Page 29                  Version 1.1
                                                                Background




6 CVSM                    HEIDI   CVSM                                              Y/N
                                  An airspace of defined dimensions within
                                  which CVSM (Conventional Vertical
                                  Separation Minima) is applied
6 RVSM                    HEIDI   RVSM                                              Y/N
                                  An airspace of defined dimensions within
                                  which RVSM (Reduced Vertical Separation
                                  Minima) is applied
6 Transitional Area       HEIDI   An area of defined dimensions designed for        Y/N
                                  the purpose of ensuring the re-arrangement of
                                  aircraft flights levels when passing from a
                                  CVSM area to an RVSM area or vice versa
3 ACAS Data
4 RA classifications              Resolution Advisory (RA)
5 Useful RA                       The ACAS II system generated an advisory in       Y/N
                                  accordance with its technical specifications in
                                  a situation where there was or would have
                                  been a risk of collision between the aircraft.

5 Unnecessary                     The ACAS II system generated an advisory in       Y/N
                                  accordance with its technical specifications in
                                  a situation where there was not or would not
                                  have been a risk of collision between the
                                  aircraft.
6 False RA                        The ACAS II system generated an advisory          Y/N
                                  which was based on a false track created by
                                  erroneous surveillance data or an onboard
                                  system malfunction.
6 Phantom RA                      A form of a false RA in which the ACAS II         Y/N
                                  system generated an advisory against a non
                                  existing threat aircraft.
6 Other                                                                             Free TXT
5 Unclassifiable RA               The ACAS II system generated an advisory          Y/N
                                  that cannot be classified because of
                                  insufficient data.
4 Resolution Advisories           An indication given to the flight crew
                                  recommending a manoeuvre intended to
                                  provide separation from all threats; or a
                                  manoeuvre restriction intended to maintain
                                  existing separation.
5   Climb RA                                                                        Y/N
5   Descend RA                                                                      Y/N
5   Crossing RA                                                                     Y/N
5   Reversal RA                                                                     Y/N




                                                                   Page 30                Version 1.1
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5   Increase RA                                    Y/N
5   Reduce/Adjust RA                               Y/N
5   Maintain vertical speed RA                     Y/N
5   Monitor vertical speed RA                      Y/N
4   RA Geometry
5   High Vertical Rate                             Y/N
5   Vertical Crossings                             Y/N
5   Level - Level                                  Y/N
5   Head On                                        Y/N
5   Parallel Arrival                               Y/N
5   Tail Chase                                     Y/N
5   Horizontal Track Crossings                     Y/N
5   Offset                                         Y/N
4   Phase of Flight
5   Departure                                      Y/N
5   Climb                                          Y/N
5   Cruise                                         Y/N
5   Descend                                        Y/N
5   Holding Pattern                                Y/N
5   Approach                                       Y/N
4   Pilot Respond
5   Climb                                          Y/N
5   Descend                                        Y/N
5   Turn                                           Y/N
5   Did not Respond                                Y/N
5   No Response Necessary                          Y/N
5   Reduction of the vertical rate                 Y/N
4   Pilot Respond - more detail
5   Pilot responded in accordance                  Y/N
    with the RA
5   Pilot responded with a vertical                Y/N
    rate change less than indicated
    by the RA
5   Pilot responded with a vertical                Y/N
    rate change greater than
    indicated by the RA
5   Pilot respons is a manoeuver in                Y/N
    an opposite sense to the RA
5   Pilot responded with switching                 Y/N
    the system to TA-only mode




                                       Page 31           Version 1.1
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5 Pilot responded with switching                                                                                              Y/N
  the system to Standby
5 Pilot responded with switching                                                                                              Y/N
  the transponder to Off
5 Pilot response is a horizontal                                                                                              Y/N
  maneuver
2 Number of pairs of conflicting                        Separation criteria that should have been used at the occurrence      #
  traffic/objects
                                                        ICAO 9713
                                                        Separation
                                                        Spacing between aircraft, levels or tracks
                                                        For each pair as identified above (occurrence) data
3   Pair (n)                                            Insert Callsign(a) and callsign (b)                                   R_T callsign
4   VMC (clearance)                 ICAO                                                                                      Y/N
4   Visual approach                 ICAO                                                                                      Y/N
4   Vertical separation                                  ICAO 9713                                                            Value in feet&Value in
                                                        Vertical separation                                                   meters
                                                        Vertical separation is the spacing provided between aircraft in the
                                                        vertical plane to avoid collision.
5   Vertical profiles
6   Both level                                                                                                                Y/N
6   Level/climb                                                                                                               Y/N
6   Level/descent                                                                                                             Y/N
6   Climb/climb                                                                                                               Y/N
6   Climb/descent                                                                                                             Y/N
6   Descent/descent                                                                                                           Y/N
4   Horizontal separation
5   Horizontal relative movements
6   Crossing tracks                                     As defined locally                                                    Y/N
6   Reciprocal tracks                                   As defined locally                                                    Y/N
6   Same track                                          As defined locally                                                    Y/N
6   Diverging tracks                                    As defined locally                                                    Y/N
6   Parallel Tracks                                                                                                           Y/N
4   Radar
5   Lateral                                             Numerical value in NM                                                 Value in NM&Value in
                                                                                                                              km
5 Longitudinal                                          Numerical value in NM                                                 Value in NM&Value in
                                                                                                                              km
4 Procedural
5 Lateral                                                                                                                     value in min&Value in
                                                                                                                              NM&Value in km




                                            Page 32                                                                                  Version 1.1
                                                                        Background




5 Longitudinal                                                                                                                                               value in min&Value in
                                                                                                                                                             NM&Value in km
3 Rate of closure                                                                            H (more than 120kts speed difference), M (between 60 and 120    High/Medium/Low
                                                                                            kts speed difference), L (less than 60kts speed difference)
3 Actual separation
  achieved/existing
4 Recorded minimum vertical                                                                 At the time RSM was not existing                                 Value in feet&Value in
  separation (ft/m)                                                                                                                                          meters
4 Recorded minimum horizontal                                                               At the time vertical separation was not existing                 Value in NM&Value in
  separation (NM/Km)                                                                                                                                         km&value in min
4 Distance (NM/Km) at direct                                                                calculated datated                                               Value in NM&Value in
  closest point                                                                                                                                              km&value in min
3 Elements                                                                                  Calculated data
  established/estimations made
  at investigation
4 Possible actual wind                                                                      Direction and speed                                              Numerical
4 Calculated rate of                                                                         +(value)/0/-(value)/non available/unknown                       Numerical
  descent/climb
4 Estimated separation
5 Horizontal                                                                                                                                                 Value in NM&Value in
                                                                                                                                                             km&value in min
5 Vertical                                                                                                                                                   Value in feet&Value in
                                                                                                                                                             meters
4 Other                                                                                     Visibility/turbulence or any element relevant                    Free TXT
2 Other parties involved
3 Vehicle(s) Involved            HEIDI   A statement indicating that there has been an                                                                       Y/N
                                         occurrence involvement where the operation
                                         of a vehicle has led to an actual or a potential
                                         safety deficiency
3 Animal(s) involved             HEIDI   A statement indicating that there has been an                                                                       Y/N
                                         occurrence involvement where the presence
                                         of an animal, has led to an actual or a
                                         potential safety deficiency
4 Birds                                                                                     e.g. bird strike                                                 Y/N
4 Other animals                                                                                                                                              Free TXT
3 Persons involved               HEIDI   A statement indicating that there has been an
                                         occurrence involvement where the behaviour
                                         of a person has led to an actual or a potential
                                         safety deficiency
4 Pax                                                                                                                                                        Y/N
4 Ground personnel                                                                                                                                           Y/N
4 Other                                                                                     e.g. persons other than crew, and ATM personnel, passengers or   Free TXT
                                                                                            ground personnel who played a part in the occurrence, e.g.
                                                                                            passengers, vehicle driver, maintenance personnel, MET.




                                                                           Page 33                                                                                  Version 1.1
                                                                          Background




2 Data related to the ATM
  environment
3 Traffic density/complexity at the HEIDI      Assessment made by the investigation
  time of the occurrence
4 Low                                                                                   Would have to differentiate between the workload induced by the      Y/N
                                                                                       air traffic situation and the possible self-generated workload
                                                                                       Reference can be found in the traffic levels generally required for
                                                                                       sector validation-opinion from experienced controllers can be
                                                                                       sought for
4   Medium                                                                                                                                                   Y/N
4   high                                                                                                                                                     Y/N
4   Very high                                                                                                                                                Y/N
4   Unknown                                                                                                                                                  Y/N
3   Traffic variation at the time of   HEIDI                                           Assessment made by the investigation in respect of the traffic
    occurrence                                                                         variation ("building") at the time of occurrence
4   Increasing                         HEIDI
5   Slowly                             HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N
5   Rapidly                            HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N
4   Decreasing                         HEIDI
5   Slowly                             HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N
5   Rapidly                            HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N
4   Not available/unknown              HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N
3   Traffic density/complexity                                                         e.g. 30 minutes
    before the occurrence
4   Low                                                                                                                                                      Y/N
4   Medium                                                                                                                                                   Y/N
4   high                                                                                                                                                     Y/N
4   Very high                                                                                                                                                Y/N
4   Unknown                                                                                                                                                  Y/N
3   Traffic variation before the       HEIDI                                           Assessment made by the investigation in respect of the traffic
    occurrence                                                                         variation ("building") before occurrence (e.g. 30 min before)
4   Increasing                         HEIDI
5   Slowly                             HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N
5   Rapidly                            HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N
4   Decreasing                         HEIDI
5   Slowly                             HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N
5   Rapidly                            HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N
4   Not available/unknown              HEIDI                                                                                                                 Y/N




                                                                             Page 34                                                                               Version 1.1
                                                                       Background




3 Workload                      HEIDI   Assessment by the ATS personnel concerned           There is no direct link between workload and traffic
                                        of the amount of physical and mental activity       density/complexity. E.g. 1 aircraft in emergency can induce a very
                                        required by the air traffic situation at the time   high workload or high amount of traffic if no conflict and only
                                        of the occurrence with reference to a               routine work can induce only low or medium workload
                                        subjective maximum degree of complexity
                                        and number of aircraft
4   Low                                                                                     Subjective assessment                                                Y/N
4   Medium                                                                                                                                                       Y/N
4   high                                                                                                                                                         Y/N
4   Very high                                                                                                                                                    Y/N
4   Unknown                                                                                                                                                      Y/N
2   Airport data                HEIDI
3   Runway configuration        HEIDI                                                       Refers to the constraints associated with the runways selected for
                                                                                            operations
4 Single                                                                                                                                                         Y/N
4 Crossing                                                                                                                                                       Y/N
4 Dependent Parallel            ICAO    ICAO 9713                                                                                                                Y/N
                                        Dependent parallel approaches#Simultaneous
                                        approaches to parallel or near-parallel
                                        instrument runways where radar separation
                                        minima between aircraft on adjacent extended
                                        runway centre lines are prescribed.

4 Independent parallel          HEIDI   Simultaneous approaches to parallel or near-                                                                             Y/N
                                        parallel runways where the provision for
                                        dependent parallel approaches do not apply.
3 Runway(s) in use              ICAO                                                        DOC 4444                                                             $$$
                                                                                            Runway in use; QFU
                                                                                            The runway(s) selected by ATS for landing and/or take-off
                                                                                            operations
4   TORA                        ICAO                                                                                                                             Value in meters
4   TODA                        ICAO                                                                                                                             Value in meters
4   ASDA                        ICAO                                                                                                                             Value in meters
4   LDA                         ICAO                                                                                                                             Value in meters
4   Single Runway/dual QFUs     HEDI                                                         Situation where Take-offs and landings are made using opposite      Y/N
                                                                                            direction of the same runway
3   Runway serviceability       HEDI
4   Runway closed                                                                                                                                                Y/N
4   Runway surface Conditions   HEDI
5   RWY contamination           HEDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
6   Braking action              ICAO
7   Good                        ICAO                                                                                                                             Y/N




                                                                          Page 35                                                                                       Version 1.1
                                                                          Background




7   Medium                         ICAO                                                        Y/N
7   Poor                           ICAO                                                        Y/N
7   Nil                            ICAO                                                        Y/N
7   Unknown                        ICAO                                                        Y/N
6   Water                          ICAO                                                        Y/N
6   Slush                          ICAO                                                        Y/N
6   Ice                            ICAO                                                        Y/N
6   snow                           ICAO                                                        Y/N
6   oil                            ICAO                                                        Y/N
6   other                          ICAO                                                        Y/N
5   Determination of RWY braking   ICAO
    action
6   Measurement                    ICAO                                                        Y/N
6   Estimate                       ICAO                                                        Y/N
6   Not determined                 ICAO                                                        Y/N
6   Unknown                        ICAO                                                        Y/N
3   Taxiway serviceability         ICAO
4   Taxiway closed                 ICAO                                                        Y/N
4   TWY contamination              ICAO                                                        Y/N
3   Apron limitations              HEIDI
4   Limited number of gates        HEIDI                                                       Y/N
4   Apron surface                  HEIDI                                                       Y/N
4   Apron management               HEIDI                                                       Y/N
4   Others                         HEIDI                                                       Free TXT
1   Meteorological conditions
2   IMC                            ICAO    ICAO Doc 9713                                       Y/N
                                           Instrument meteorological conditions; IMC
                                           Meteorological conditions expressed in terms
                                           of visibility, distance from clouds, and ceiling
                                           less than the minima specified for visual
                                           meteorological conditions.
                                           Note.- In a control zone, a VFR flight may
                                           proceed under instrument meteorological
                                           conditions if and as authorized by air traffic
                                           control.
2 VMC                              ICAO    ICAO 9713                                           Y/N
                                           Visual meteorological conditions; VMC
                                           Meteorological conditions expressed in terms
                                           of visibility, distance from clouds, and ceiling,
                                           equal to or better than specified minima




                                                                              Page 36                Version 1.1
                                      Background




2 Was Weather considered      APDSG                                                                   Y/N
  relevant?
2 Weather                     ICAO                 Refers to relevant particular weather conditions
3 Aerodrome weather           ICAO
4 METAR                       ICAO                                                                    Valid/Not
                                                                                                      Valid/Corrupted/Not
                                                                                                      Available
4 TAF                         ICAO                                                                    Valid/Not
                                                                                                      Valid/Corrupted/Not
                                                                                                      Available
4 SPECI                       ICAO                                                                    Valid/Not
                                                                                                      Valid/Corrupted/Not
                                                                                                      Available
4 SIGMET                      ICAO                                                                    Valid/Not
                                                                                                      Valid/Corrupted/Not
                                                                                                      Available
4   Pilot reported weather    ICAO                                                                    Y/N
5   Wind direction            ICAO                 As in ICAO messages                                ### (degrees)
5   Wind velocity             ICAO                                                                    ### (knots)
5   Wind gusty                ICAO                                                                    ### (knots)
5   Visibility                ADREP                                                                   Value in meters
5   Visibility restrictions   ADREP
6   None                      ADREP                                                                   Y/N
6   Fog/mist                  ADREP                                                                   Y/N
6   Haze                      ADREP                                                                   Y/N
6   Light conditions          ADREP                                                                   Y/N
6   Smoke                     ADREP                                                                   Y/N
6   Cloud                     ADREP                                                                   Y/N
6   Dust                      ADREP                                                                   Y/N
6   Ice fog                   ADREP                                                                   Y/N
6   Other                     ADREP                                                                   Free TXT
6   Unknown                   ADREP                                                                   Y/N
5   RVR                       ADREP
6   RVR in one value          HEIDI                value "U" stands for Unlimited                     Value in meters
6   RVR in three values       HEIDI
7   Threshold                 HEIDI                                                                   Value in meters
7   Middle                    HEIDI                                                                   Value in meters
7   End                       HEIDI                                                                   Value in meters
5   QNH                       ICAO                                                                    As per ICAO
5   Clouds                    ICAO                                                                    As per ICAO




                                       Page 37                                                               Version 1.1
                                           Background




5   Cloudbase                       ICAO                                                             As per ICAO
5   Precipitation                   ICAO                                                             As per ICAO
5   Windshear                       ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Microburst                      ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Other                           ICAO                                                             Free TXT
3   En-route weather                ICAO
4   METAR                           ICAO                                                             Valid/Not
                                                                                                     Valid/Corrupted/Not
                                                                                                     Available
4 SIGMET                            ICAO                                                             Valid/Not
                                                                                                     Valid/Corrupted/Not
                                                                                                     Available
4 WINTEMP                           ICAO                                                             Valid/Not
                                                                                                     Valid/Corrupted/Not
                                                                                                     Available
4   Pilot reported weather          ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Cumulonimbus                    ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Hail                            ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Volcanic ash                    ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Tropical cyclone                ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Turbulence                      ICAO                                                             Y/N
5    Mountain wave                  ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Icing                           ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Dust storm                      ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Sandstorm                       ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Squall line                     ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Other                           ICAO                                                             Free TXT
4   AIRMET                          ICAO                It refers to traffic operating below FL100   Valid/Not
                                                                                                     Valid/Corrupted/Not
                                                                                                     Available
5   Surface wind above 30 kts       ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Surface visibility below 5km    ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Thunderstorms                   ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Mountain obscuration            ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Cloud broken or overcast base   ICAO                                                             Y/N
    below 300 m
5   Cumulonimbus clouds             ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Towering cumulus clouds         ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Icing                           ICAO                                                             Y/N
5   Turbulence                      ICAO                                                             Y/N




                                            Page 38                                                         Version 1.1
                         Background




5 Mountain wave   ICAO                Y/N




                          Page 39           Version 1.1
                                                                                    Event Types




Level                 Term Title         Reference                       Definition                                               Explanations                                     Input(s)
        1 Collision                    HEIDI         An event in which aircraft collided, or in which
                                                     an aircraft hits another aircraft, object, person,
                                                     animal or any obstruction
        2 Air-Air collision            HEIDI         Collision taking place between two airborne
                                                     aircraft, objects, persons, animals or any
                                                     combination thereof
        3 Aircraft/aircraft (Mid-air   HEIDI         An event in which an aircraft comes into direct Note.- It is possible that the flights of one or both aircraft may be   Y/N
          collision)                                 contact with another aircraft or with a flying     continued
                                                     object during flight.
        3 Aircraft/person                                                                                                                                                    Y/N
        3 Aircraft/other                                                                                                                                                     Free TXT
        2 Air-Ground collision         HEIDI         Collision taking place between one airborne
                                                     aircraft, object, person, or animal and an
                                                     aircraft, object, vehicle, person or animal
                                                     standing/moving on the ground
        3 Aircraft/aircraft            HEIDI         Aircraft coming into direct contact with each                                                                           Y/N
                                                     other one being on the ground and the second
                                                     being airborne.
        3   Aircraft/vehicle           HEIDI                                                                                                                                 Y/N
        3   Aircraft/person                                                                                                                                                  Y/N
        3   Aircraft/other                                                                                                                                                   Free TXT
        2   Ground-Ground collision    HEIDI         Collision taking place between two aircraft,
                                                     objects, vehicle, persons, animals standing or
                                                     moving on the ground or any combination
                                                     thereof
        3 Aircraft/aircraft            HEIDI         Aircraft coming into direct contact with each  Note.-this includes situation where only one aircraft is on the          Y/N
                                                     other on the ground.                           ground.
        3 Aircraft/vehicle                                                                                                                                                     Y/N
        3 Aircraft/person                                                                                                                                                      Y/N
        3 Aircraft/other                                                                                Obstruction is not defined in ICAO: But it is proposed to understand Free TXT
                                                                                                        it as "obstacle" Obstacle is (ICAO): All fixed (whether temporary or
                                                                                                        permanent) and mobile objects, or parts thereof, that are located
                                                                                                        on an area intended for the surface movement of aircraft or that
                                                                                                        extend above a defined surface intended to protect aircraft in flight.

        2 Collision with the ground    HEIDI         Collision into the ground by an aircraft           Note CFIT falls into this category but a collision with the ground   Y/N
                                                                                                        would be a CFIT only if:
                                                                                                        a) it is classified as an accident
                                                                                                        b) it is the result of a lack of awareness of the pilot(s)
        1 Near collision               HEIDI         A situation which in the opinion of the reporter
                                                     could have degraded into a collision under
                                                     different circumstances OR where a collision
                                                     did not take place by chance




                                                                                       Page 40                                                                                     Version 1.1
                                                                          Event Types




2   Air-air (Near-Miss)
3   Aircraft/aircraft                                                                                                                                          Y/N
3   Aircraft/person                                                                                                                                            Y/N
3   Aircraft/other                                                                                                                                             Free TXT
2   Air-Ground
3   Aircraft/aircraft                                                                                                                                          Y/N
3   Aircraft/person                                                                                                                                            Y/N
3   Aircraft/vehicle                                                                                                                                           Y/N
3   Aircraft/other                                                                                                                                             Free TXT
2   Ground-ground
3   Aircraft/aircraft                                                                                                                                            Y/N
3   Aircraft/person                                                                                                                                              Y/N
3   Aircraft/vehicle                                                                                                                                             Y/N
3   Aircraft/other                                                                                                                                               Free TXT
2   With the ground (CFTT)                   A CFIT was avoided by chance or avoiding        Note: This not part of the Event types as it encompasses more i.e. Y/N
                                             action ICAO CFTT Controlled Flight Towards accident, no loss of control, no prior pilot awareness … 

                                             Terrain                                         It is mentioned here as an occurrence of interest to SRC in
                                                                                             particular
1 Situations presenting a            HEIDI   A situation by which the density of traffic was Note: This is a "dummy" category in that no aircraft safety was, on Y/N
  potential for impairing aircraft           such that the safety of aircraft was not        this occasion, at stake, but which could well have presented a
  safety                                     impaired but would have certainly been          danger to aircraft should the traffic density and pattern have been
                                             impaired should the traffic have been present different.




                                                                             Page 41                                                                                  Version 1.1
                                                               Descriptive Factors




Level                  Term Title            Reference   Definition                                         Explanations                                     Input(s)
        1   Descriptive Factors            HEIDI
        1   ATM Service related factors    HEIDI
        2   ATS related issues             HEIDI
        2   Operational Communications     HEIDI                                It refers to pilot/controller -controller-controller communications
            Issues
        3   Air/ground Communication       HEIDI
        4   Hearback ommited               HEIDI                                                                                                      Y/N
        5   Aircraft                       HEIDI                                For each pair of conflict                                             Y/N&Free TXT
        5   Controller                     HEIDI                                For each pair of conflict                                             Y/N&Free TXT
        4   Readback Pilot                 HEIDI                                                                                                      Missing/Incorrect
        4   Phraseology                    HEIDI                                                                                                      Y/N
        5   Speech technique               HEIDI                                Fast, slow, tone, pronounciation                                      Too
                                                                                                                                                      Fast/Slow/Tone/Pronu
                                                                                                                                                      nciation/Accent
        5 Message construction             HEIDI                                                                                                      Too
                                                                                                                                                      Long/Confusing/Mixed
                                                                                                                                                      Messages
        5 Standard phraseology             HEIDI                                The phraseologies are grouped according to types of Air Traffic       Y/N
                                                                                services to be provided
        5   Other                          HEIDI                                Too long, order misleading                                            Free TXT
        4   R/T monitoring sector          HEIDI
        5   Sector frequency               HEIDI                                                                                                      Y/N
        5   Emergency frequencie(s)        HEIDI                                                                                                      Y/N
        5   ELT                            HEIDI                                                                                                      Y/N
        5   other                          HEIDI                                                                                                      Free TXT
        4   Transfer of communications     HEIDI                                Late, missing                                                         Missing/Late/Too Early

        4 Handling of Radio                HEIDI
          communication failure/unusual
          situations
        5 Radio communication failure      HEIDI                                                                                                      Poor/Inadequate/Not
          One way                                                                                                                                     Detected
        5 Radiocommunication failure       HEIDI                                                                                                      Poor/Inadequate/Not
          Two ways                                                                                                                                    Detected
        5 Transmission/reception quality   HEIDI                                Weak, broken,                                                         Weak/Broken/Jammed
                                                                                                                                                      /Fading
        5   Blocked microphone             HEIDI                                                                                                      Y/N
        5   Simultaneous transmissions     HEIDI                                                                                                      Y/N
        5   Relay/relayed message          HEIDI                                                                                                      Y/N
        5   Other                          HEIDI                                                                                                      Free TXT




                                                                      Page 42                                                                                Version 1.1
                                          Descriptive Factors




4 Unlawful radio communication   HEIDI                                                                                           Y/N
  transmission
3 Ground/ground                  HEIDI
4 Phraseology                    HEIDI
5 Speech technique               HEIDI                                                                                           Y/N
5 Message construction           HEIDI                                                                                           Y/N
5 Standard phraseology           HEIDI                     Note: whenever applicable                                             Y/N
5 Other                          HEIDI                                                                                           Free TXT
3 Use of equipment/Equipment     HEIDI
  verification/testing
4 Radar display                  HEIDI                                                                                           Incorrect
                                                                                                                                 settings/Unverified
4 FPS display                    HEIDI                                                                                           Incorrect
                                                                                                                                 settings/Unverified
4 ATC communication equipment HEIDI

5 Radio frequencies              HEIDI                                                                                           Wrong
                                                                                                                                 Selection/Incorrect
5   Telephones                   HEIDI                                                                                           Y/N
5   Intercom                     HEIDI                                                                                           Y/N
5   Other                        HEIDI                                                                                           Free TXT
4   Other equipment              HEIDI                                                                                           Free TXT
3   Co-ordination issues         HEIDI
4   Internal co-ordination       HEIDI                     Missing, late, incorrect/incomplete (estimate, fl,speed etc.)         Late/Erroneous/Missin
                                                                                                                                 g
4 With sectors same unit         HEIDI                                                                                           Late/Erroneous/Missin
                                                                                                                                 g
4 With positions within ATC suite HEIDI                                                                                          Late/Erroneous/Missin
                                                                                                                                 g
4 External co-ordination         HEIDI                     Missing, late, incorrect/incomplete (estimate, fl,speed etc.)
5 Civil - Civil                  HEIDI                                                                                           Late/Erroneous/Missin
                                                                                                                                 g
5 Civil - Military               HEIDI                     Refers to coordination with a unit using different rules/procedures   Late/Erroneous/Missin
                                                                                                                                 g
4 Special co-ordination          HEIDI
  procedures
5 Expedite clearance             HEIDI                                                                                           Late/Erroneous/Missin
                                                                                                                                 g
5 Prior permission required      HEIDI                                                                                           Late/Erroneous/Missin
                                                                                                                                 g
5 Revision                       HEIDI                                                                                           Late/Erroneous/Missin
                                                                                                                                 g
5 Other special co-ordination    HEIDI                                                                                           Free TXT
  procedure




                                               Page 43                                                                                  Version 1.1
                                           Descriptive Factors




2 Operational Information          HEIDI                    Refers to FIS Filght Information Service
  provision
3 Information on the airport       HEIDI
4 ATIS                             HEIDI                                                                                   Outdated/Missing/Not
                                                                                                                           Checked By Crew
4 Transition Altitude/level        HEIDI                                                                                   Not
                                                                                                                           Passed/Incorrect&Free
                                                                                                                           TXT
4 Runway condition                 HEIDI                                                                                   Not Passed/Incorrect
3 Weather                          HEIDI                    For all weather related fields modifiers will be: passed/not
                                                            passed/incomplete/incorrect/late/inadequate
4 Weather Information at           HEIDI
  Aerodrome provided
5 METAR                            HEIDI                    record the message in Plain TXT field                          Y/N&Long TXT
5 ATIS/VOLMET                      HEIDI                    refers to the information availability;                        Y/N&Long TXT
                                                            record the message in the Plain TXT field
6   QNH altimeter setting          HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
6   Surface wind direction         HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
6   Surface wind speed             HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
6   Maximum wind speed if          HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
    appropriate
6   visibility                     HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
6   RVR when applicable            HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
6   Present weather                HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
6   clouds below 1500 m or (5000   HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
    ft) or below the highest
    minimum sector altitude
6   CB when applicable             HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
6   vertical visibility when       HEIDI                    If the sky is obscured, indicate vertical visibility           Y/N
    applicable                                              Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET
6   Air temperature                HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N&Value
6   Dew point temperature          HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N&Value
6   trend-type landing forecast,   HEIDI                    Passed to aircraft or not in ATIS/VOLMET                       Y/N
    when available
5   TAF                            HEIDI                                                                                   Y/N&Long TXT
5   SPECI                          HEIDI                                                                                   Y/N&Long TXT
5   SNOWTAM                        HEIDI                                                                                   Y/N&Long TXT
5   Volcanic activity report       HEIDI                                                                                   Y/N
4   Aerodrome warning              HEIDI                    Issued?                                                        Y/N/Late
4   Wind shear warning             HEIDI                    Issued?                                                        Y/N/Late
4   Weather En-route               HEIDI                    Issued?                                                        Y/N/Late
4   SIGMET information             HEIDI                    Issued?                                                        Y/N/Late




                                                Page 44                                                                          Version 1.1
                                                                      Descriptive Factors




4   AIRMET information                HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N
4   Pilot(s) report(s)                HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N
3   Navigational                      HEIDI
4   Regional Pressure reference       HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N
    datum (en-route/regional)
4   En-route navaids serviceability   HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N
4   NOTAM                             HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N&Long TXT
4   Minimum Safe Flight               HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N/Incorrect&Value
    level/altitude/height/sector
    altitude
3   Delay                             HEIDI                                                 Refers to EAT (at the time of occurrence) related data               Y/N&Value in min
3   Warnings passed                   HEIDI                                                 Reffers to the warnings passed by ATCO
4   MSAW                              HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N/Late/Incorrect
4   STCA                              HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N/Late/Incorrect
4   APW                               HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N/Late/Incorrect
4   Other                             HEIDI                                                                                                                      Free TXT
3   Abnormal situations               HEIDI                                                 e.g. migrating birds, weather balloons etc.)                         Free TXT
3   Information acknowledgement       HEIDI   Refers to the acknowledgemnt of the receipt   Refers to R/T technique closing the loop e.g. ATIS information
                                              by pilot or by ATCO                           received
4 Pilot                               HEIDI                                                 Refers to the receipt by pilot                                       Y/N
4 ATCO                                HEIDI                                                 Refers to the receipt by ATCO                                        Y/N
2 Handling of unusual/emergency       HEIDI                                                 Adequate, inadequate, late, poor
  situation
3 Acknowledge the call                HEIDI                                                 Refers to the ATCO acknowledgement of the call; Recognise that       Y/N
                                                                                            there is a problem
3 Identify relevant a/c               HEIDI                                                 Identify the relevant a/c and arrange for the special code Squawk    Y/N

3 Separate/maintain separation        HEIDI                                                 Refers to the ATCO's action to give room to a/c to manoeuvre         Y/N
  form other traffic
3 Maintain silence on the             HEIDI                                                 ATCO kept the RTF to a minimum ; gave pilot time to think or         Y/N
  frequency                                                                                 provided separate frequency where possible - this should prevent
                                                                                            unnecessary clutter for the pilots
3 Inform supervisor                   HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N
3 Inform other                        HEIDI                                                                                                                      Y/N
  positions/sector/units
  concerned
3 Support to the pilots               HEIDI                                                 Maximum support given to the pilots e.g. start thinking routings, etc Y/N

3 Time given to the pilot             HEIDI                                                 Allow pilots sufficient time to work on their problem               Y/N
3 Information exchange                HEIDI                                                 Information exchanged between pilot/controller and                  Y/N
                                                                                            controller/controller
2 Handling and processing of          HEIDI                                                 Refers to all procedures related to the processing and up-dating of
  flight plan information                                                                   the flight plan information by operational personnel




                                                                             Page 45                                                                                    Version 1.1
                                               Descriptive Factors




3 Acknowledgement of flight plan HEIDI                          Missing, late, incomplete                                              Missing/Late/Incomplet
  information                                                                                                                          e
3 Update flight plan information HEIDI                          Missing, late, incomplete, unclear                                     Missing/Late/Incomplet
                                                                                                                                       e/Unclear
3 Flight progress information          HEIDI                    Note: refers to manual classification of flight progress strips on the Misplaced/Not
  sorting criteria/classification                               board or sorting criteria for automated systems                        Placed/Late/Wrong
                                                                Mis-placed, not placed, late, wrong coulour                            color
2   Handing over/taking over           HEIDI
3   Weather briefing                   HEIDI                    Restriction, status                                                  Y/N
3   Aerodrome                          HEIDI                    Restriction, status                                                  Y/N
3   Airspace                           HEIDI                    Restriction, status                                                  Y/N
3   Navaids                            HEIDI                    Restriction, status                                                  Y/N
3   Equipment Interaction              HEIDI                    Restriction, status                                                  Y/N
3   Handing over briefing              HEIDI                    Missing, incomplete, incorrect
4   Taking over familiarisation with   HEIDI                    Too short, missing                                                   Y/N
    traffic
4   Handing over overlapping           HEIDI                    Missing, too short                                                   Y/N
    specified period respected
3   Transfer of traffic                HEIDI
4   Initiate                           HEIDI                    Missing, late                                                        Y/N/Missing/Late
4   Accept                             HEIDI                    Missing,late                                                         Y/N/Missing/Late
4   Standard                           HEIDI                    As per LOAs                                                          Y/N/Missing/Late
                                                                Missing,late
4 Non Standard                         HEIDI                    Not as per LOAs e.g. paralell headings                               Free TXT
                                                                Missing,late
2 Conflict detection and        HEIDI
  resolution
3 Conflict detection            HEIDI
4 Conflict detection ENTRY/EXIT HEIDI                           Refers to planning activities                                        Missing/Late/Incorrect
                                                                Missing, late, incorrect
4 Conflict detection (tactical)        HEIDI                    Refers to executive activities                                       Missing/Late/Incorrect
                                                                Missing, late, incorrect
3   Conflict resolution                HEIDI
4   Vertical                           HEIDI                    Inadequate, late, missing                                            Late/Incorrect
4   Horizontal                         HEIDI                                                                                         Late/Incorrect
5   Radar vectoring/monitoring         HEIDI                    Inadequate, late, missing                                            Late/Incorrect/Poor
                                                                                                                                     Technique
5 Other                                HEIDI                    e.g. Procedural, ADS, different sources of information               Free TXT
3 Occurrence Significance              HEIDI
  Assessment
4 ATM Unit                             HEIDI                                                                                         Free TXT
4 Overall Aviation System              HEIDI                                                                                         Free TXT




                                                    Page 46                                                                                  Version 1.1
                                                                    Descriptive Factors




3 Short/medium term ATC              HEIDI   A situation where a conflict was detected and Planned not implemented, not planned too late etc…etc…
      Planned And Not
  "Planning"                                 a plan for a course of action elaborated for  Forgotten, not physically implementatble (e.g. frequency     Implemented/Too
                                             some reason was not/ could not be             congestion)                                                  Late/Physically Not
                                             implemented..                                                                                              Implementable
3 Aircraft identification related    HEIDI
  issues
4 Radar                              HEIDI                                                                                                              Incorrect/Late/Other
4 Visual                             HEIDI                                                                                                              Incorrect/Late/Other
3 Monitoring of activities           HEIDI
4 Aircraft movement                  HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N/Not Physically
                                                                                                                                                        Possible
4 Vehicle(s)                         HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N/Not Physically
                                                                                                                                                        Possible
4 Persons                            HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N/Not Physically
                                                                                                                                                        Possible
4 Equipment                          HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
4 Other                              HEIDI                                                                                                              Free TXT
2 ATC                                HEIDI                                                Refers to                                                     Erroneous/Incomplete/
  Clearance/instruction/informatio                                                        Erroneous, incomplete clearances, late                        Late
  n/advice
2 OPS room management                HEIDI                                                Refers to supervisory activities
3 ATC team management                HEIDI                                                Inadequate, missing , poor, incomplete
4 Assess team fitness for work       HEIDI                                                                                                               Inadequate/Missing/Po
                                                                                                                                                         or/Incomplete/Other
4 Check Medical and                  HEIDI                                                If OPS sup has checked the medical fitness and competence when Inadequate/Missing/Po
  Competence                                                                              rostering                                                      or/Incomplete/Other
4 Rostering/sector opening in        HEIDI                                                                                                               Y/N/Inadequate/Missin
  relation with expected traffic                                                                                                                         g/Poor/Incomplete/Oth
                                                                                                                                                         er
3 Team briefing                      HEIDI                                                                                                               Adequate/Inadequate
3 Monitor sector traffic load        HEIDI                                                                                                               Adequate/Inadequate
3 Coordination with technical        HEIDI                                                                                                               Adequate/Inadequate
  department
3 Coordination external bodies       HEIDI
4 ASM                                HEIDI                                                                                                              Adequate/Inadequate
4 ATFM                               HEIDI                                                                                                              Adequate/Inadequate
4 SAR                                HEIDI                                                                                                              Adequate/Inadequate
4 Local authorities                  HEIDI                                                                                                              Adequate/Inadequate
4 Airports authorities               HEIDI                                                                                                              Adequate/Inadequate
4 MET                                HEIDI                                                                                                              Adequate/Inadequate
4 AIS                                HEIDI                                                                                                              Adequate/Inadequate
4 Other                                                                                                                                                 Free TXT




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                                                                   Descriptive Factors




3 Handling of accident, incident   HEIDI                                                 Refers to the coordination efforts of OPS Sup
  and emergencies
4 Assist ATCOs in recovering       HEIDI                                                 Efficient, poor etc…                                                 Poor/Efficient/Other
  control of traffic
4 Remove controller from           HEIDI                                                 Timely, late, missing                                                In
  position                                                                                                                                                    time/Late/Missing/Othe
                                                                                                                                                              r
4 Other                            HEIDI                                                                                                                      Free TXT
2 ATC clearance/instruction        HEIDI                                                 Related to incorrect or wrong aircraft action
  related items
3 Aircraft Deviation from ATC      HEIDI   An event in which an aircraft does not        Note.- Appropriate authority as defined in ICAO Annex 2
  clearance                                proceed under conditions specified by an ATC It includes situations where:
                                           unit or other appropriate authority.         a) the non adherence by a pilot
                                                                                        to the terms of (an) instruction(s) given by an ATC unit with
                                                                                        reference to altitude and/or heading and/or speed assignments
                                                                                        and/or time restrictions, and/or SSR code; or
                                                                                        b) the execution by a pilot of a maneuver which requires prior ATC
                                                                                        approval without having secured such approval.
                                                                                        Includes:
                                                                                        An event in which an aircraft proceeds without having secured prior
                                                                                        ATC in circumstances where such ATC clearance is required.
4 Start-up clearance               HEIDI                                                 Not secured, restrictions not respected, late,                       Not
                                                                                                                                                              Secured/Restrictions
                                                                                                                                                              Not
                                                                                                                                                              Respected/Late/Early/
                                                                                                                                                              Other
4 Push-back                        HEIDI                                                                                                                      Not
                                                                                                                                                              Secured/Restrictions
                                                                                                                                                              Not
                                                                                                                                                              Respected/Late/Early/
                                                                                                                                                              Other
4 Taxi                             HEIDI                                                                                                                      Not
                                                                                                                                                              Secured/Restrictions
                                                                                                                                                              Not
                                                                                                                                                              Respected/Late/Early/
                                                                                                                                                              Other
4 Line-up                          HEIDI                                                                                                                      Not
                                                                                                                                                              Secured/Restrictions
                                                                                                                                                              Not
                                                                                                                                                              Respected/Late/Early/
                                                                                                                                                              Other




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                               Descriptive Factors




4 Take-off             HEIDI                         Not
                                                     Secured/Restrictions
                                                     Not
                                                     Respected/Late/Early/
                                                     Other
4 En-route clearance   HEIDI                         Not
                                                     Secured/Restrictions
                                                     Not
                                                     Respected/Late/Early/
                                                     Other
4 Oceanic clearance    HEIDI                         Not
                                                     Secured/Restrictions
                                                     Not
                                                     Respected/Late/Early/
                                                     Other
4 Approach             HEIDI                         Not
                                                     Secured/Restrictions
                                                     Not
                                                     Respected/Late/Early/
                                                     Other
4 Holding              HEIDI
5 Entry                HEIDI                         Not
                                                     Secured/Restrictions
                                                     Not
                                                     Respected/Late/Early/
                                                     Other
5 Exit                 HEIDI                         Not
                                                     Secured/Restrictions
                                                     Not
                                                     Respected/Late/Early/
                                                     Other
5   Turn direction     HEIDI                         Wrong Direction
5   Fix                HEIDI                         Wrong Fix
5   other              HEIDI                         Free TXT
4   Landing            HEIDI
5   Runway             HEIDI
6   Closed Runway      HEIDI                         Y/N
6   Wrong runway       HEIDI                         Y/N
6   Runway vacation    HEIDI                         Delayed/Wrong Exit
6   Other              HEIDI                         Free TXT




                                    Page 49                 Version 1.1
                                           Descriptive Factors




4 Runway crossing                  HEIDI                                                                                          Not
                                                                                                                                  Secured/Restrictions
                                                                                                                                  Not
                                                                                                                                  Respected/Late/Early/
                                                                                                                                  Other
4 Clearance limit                  HEIDI                                                                                          Not
                                                                                                                                  Secured/Restrictions
                                                                                                                                  Not
                                                                                                                                  Respected/Late/Early/
                                                                                                                                  Other
4 Special procedure                HEIDI                    e.g. mil. Procedures                                                  Not
                                                                                                                                  Secured/Restrictions
                                                                                                                                  Not
                                                                                                                                  Respected/Late/Early/
                                                                                                                                  Other
4 Missed approach                  HEIDI                                                                                          Wrong Procedure
                                                                                                                                  Followed/Late Start
4 Low approach                     HEIDI                                                                                          Not
                                                                                                                                  Secured/Restrictions
                                                                                                                                  Not
                                                                                                                                  Respected/Late/Early/
                                                                                                                                  Other
4 Touch and go                     HEIDI                                                                                          Not
                                                                                                                                  Secured/Restrictions
                                                                                                                                  Not
                                                                                                                                  Respected/Late/Early/
                                                                                                                                  Other
4 Assigned Flight Level            HEIDI                    Level bust                                                            Not Respected
                                                            Any unauthorised vertical deviation of more than 300 feet from an
                                                            ATC flight clearance
                                                            Departing from a previously maintained FL, overshooting,
                                                            undershooting, leveling-off at a different level than cleared level
4 Assigned route/track/heading     HEIDI                                                                                          Not Respected
4 Assigned or specified Speed      HEIDI                                                                                          Not Respected
4 Time restriction or constraint   HEIDI                                                                                          Not Respected
4 Rate of climb/descent            HEIDI                                                                                          Not Respected
  restrictions
4 Climb/descent conditional        HEIDI                                                                                          Not Respected
  clearance




                                                Page 50                                                                                  Version 1.1
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3 Runway incursion                 HEIDI   Any unauthorized presence on a runway of an         Ref.- Runway is understood as per ICAO Annex 14 definition of
                                           aircraft, vehicle, person or object that creates    RUNWAY STRIP i.e. a defined area including the runway (i.e. a
                                           a collision hazard or results in a potential loss   rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and
                                           of separation                                       take-off of aircraft) and stopway (i.e. a defined rectangular area on
                                                                                               the ground at the end of take-off run available, prepared as suitable
                                                                                               area in which an aircraft can be stopped in the case of abandoned
                                                                                               take-off), if provided, intended to reduce the risk of damage to
                                                                                               aircraft running off a runway and to protect aircraft flying over it
                                                                                               during take-off or landing operations.
                                                                                               It also includes the protection areas as implemented for specific
4   Aircraft                       HEIDI                                                       types of operations.                                                  Y/N
4   Vehicle                        HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
4   Person                         HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
4   other                          HEIDI                                                                                                                             Free TXT
3   Taxiway incursion              HEIDI   Any occurrence unauthorized presence on a
                                           taxiway of an aircraft, vehicle, person or
                                           object that creates a collision hazard or
                                           results in a potential loss of separation
4   Aircraft                       HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
4   Vehicle                        HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
4   Person                         HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
4   other                          HEIDI                                                                                                                             Free TXT
3   Apron incursion                HEIDI   Any occurrence unauthorized presence on an
                                           apron of an aircraft, vehicle, person or object
                                           that creates a collision hazard or results in a
                                           potential loss of separation
4   Aircraft                       HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
4   Vehicle                        HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
4   Person                         HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
4   other                          HEIDI                                                                                                                             Free TXT
3   Un-authorised penetration of   HEIDI   The penetration by an aircraft into a portion of    Note.- Appropriate authority as defined in ICAO Annex 2
    airspace                               airspace without prior permission of the            e.g. an aircraft entering a published prohibited area or active
                                           appropriate authorities (when such permission       danger area without permission from the appropriate authorities, or
                                           is required)                                        an aircraft entering controlled airspace without an ATC clearance.

4 Aircraft                         HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N
4 other                            HEIDI                                                                                                                             Free TXT
2 Operational Procedures related   HEIDI
  factors
3 Deviation from operational       HEIDI                                                       Refers to deviations by aircraft
  procedures
4 Runway excursion                 HEIDI                                                                                                                             Y/N




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4 Aircraft deviation from            HEIDI   An event in which an aircraft does not execute e.g. as published in the Aeronautical Information publication (AIP)   Y/N
  applicable ATM regulation                  a flight in compliance with the applicable ATM
                                             regulations.
5   Minimum safe altitude en route   HEIDI                                                                                                                        Y/N
5   Landing minima                   HEIDI                                                                                                                        Y/N
5   SID                              HEIDI                                                                                                                        Y/N
5   STAR                             HEIDI                                                                                                                        Y/N
5   Approach procedure               HEIDI                                                                                                                        Y/N
5   Speed restriction                HEIDI                                                                                                                        Y/N
5   Deviations from ATM related      HEIDI   Conduct of a flight in which an aircraft does Note.- Appropriate authority as defined in ICAO Annex 2.               Y/N
    Mandatory Aircraft equipment             not carry the mandatory ATM related           e.g. flying RNAV routes without adequate required equipment as
    carriage                                 equipment(COM, NAV, SUR) or carries           published in AIP.
                                             unserviceable ATM related equipment or a
                                             situation wherein no crew member is licensed
                                             to use the equipment aboard, both without
                                             exemption from the State
5 Other                              HEIDI                                                                                                                        Free TXT
3 Procedure design issues            HEIDI                                                    Refers to Airspace/aerodrome/routes network design and
                                                                                             procedures issues#Includes Strategic ASM
4 Airspace structure                 HEIDI   The structure or form of airspace for the                                                                            Y/N
                                             specific use of Air Traffic.
4 Interface between ATM service HEIDI        The airspace boundary between adjacent          Note:- It includes all inter-operations across airspace boundaries   Y/N
  units                                      portions of two ATM systems.                    and systems interface. (i.e., consistent/compatible ATM
                                                                                             infrastructure -
                                                                                             Co-ordination procedures- Letter of agreement, reception of data
                                                                                             from other sources)
4 Route structure                    HEIDI   The aggregate of ATS routes, itineraries        Note:- Definition of "Route network".                                Y/N
                                             defined in Terminal Areas and other airspace
                                             structure elements (e.g., holding areas)
                                             defined for the use of the navigable Airspace
                                             by aircraft operators.
4 LAHSO                              HEIDI   Land and Hold Short Operations                                                                                       Y/N
4 SIRO                               HEIDI   Simultaneous Runway Operations                                                                                       Y/N
3 Capacity                           HEIDI   Number of aircraft to enter into a specified    Ref.:- EUROCONTROL IETF/DP/0043 defines a number of types            Y/N
                                             portion of the airspace or to proceed to        of capacity (Apron, Arrival, departure, Flow, Operating, Runway,
                                             specified aerodromes within a given period of   Terminal, Transfer).
                                             time.                                           Note:- Potential capacity causes to occurrences are to be
                                                                                             analysed, without being restricted to the capacity figures being
                                                                                             declared by States/ATM service providers.
3 Sectorisation                      HEIDI   The partition of airspace in sectors, according Ref.:- Sectors as defined as per ICAO 8400/4                        Y/N
                                             to pre-defined criteria, in order to handle the Note:- Sectorisation here refers to the sectorisation in place at a
                                             traffic.                                        certain time, which depends on the potential combination of sectors
                                                                                             to be put in place for both an optimum of handling of traffic and
                                                                                             human resource management.




                                                                             Page 52                                                                                    Version 1.1
                                                                   Descriptive Factors




3 Aerodrome layout and            HEIDI   Physical characteristics of the aerodrome and Note:- It includes aerodrome layout, physical characteristics,           Y/N
  infrastructure                          surrounding environment.                         configuration of movement areas as well as obstacle limitation
                                                                                           surfaces to be provided for at an aerodrome, as specified in Annex
                                                                                           14 of ICAO.
2 Issue related to operational    HEIDI   Written procedures and instructions used by Note:- Other ATM procedures include interfaces with operators              Y/N
  ATM support service                     ATM personnel other than ATC in the              (Flight Plan office) or Development/usage of AIP or definition and
  procedures                              pursuance of their duties directly or indirectly diffusion of ATIS.
                                          in connection with the provision of the ATM
                                          services.
2 Issues related to Engineering   HEIDI   Written procedures and instructions used by Note:- Such procedures relate to engineering operation and control         Y/N
  and maintenance procedures              engineering and maintenance personnel in         of operational equipment, including routine maintenance and repair
                                          the pursuance of their duties in connection      of equipment after failure, and procedures used for the design,
                                          with the provision of the ATM services.          installation and commissioning of new equipment.
2 Issues related to ATM service   HEIDI   Written procedures and instructions used by Note:- Covers both the adequacy/inadequacy of the                          Y/N
  personnel operating                     ATM personnel in the pursuance of their          procedures/instructions as well as the misuse or non application of
  procedures and Instructions             duties directly or indirectly in connection with the procedures.
                                          the provision of the ATM services.               Note:- The procedures and instructions can result from the
                                                                                           outcome of a safety assessment related to the introduction of a
                                                                                           new ATM system or a change to the existing one.
2 ATM/CNS serviceability          HEIDI
3 Inability to provide ATM        HEIDI   Situation in which elements in the ground         Ref. Aligned with the overall objective of the ATM 2000+ strategy.
  services                                ATM system performance are unserviceable,         Note.- The ATM system is the aggregation of organisations,
                                          unavailable or corrupted so that the safety of    people, infrastructure, equipment, procedures, rules and
                                          traffic ensured through the provision of air      information used to provide communication services in order to
                                          navigation services, is impaired or prevented.    facilitate the safe conduct of flights and systems operations.

4 Inability to provide ATS        HEIDI   An event in which elements in the ground ATS    Ref. Air Traffic Services (ICAO DOC4444) "A generic term                Y/N
  services                                system performances are unserviceable,          meaning variously flight information service (FIS), alerting service
                                          insufficient, unavailable or corrupted so that  (ALRS), air traffic advisory service, air traffic control (ATC) service
                                          the safety of traffic is impaired or prevented. (area control service, approach control service or aerodrome
                                                                                          control service)"
4 Inability to provide ASM        HEIDI   An event in which elements in the ground        Ref. The objective of ASM is to maximise, within a given airspace Y/N
  services                                airspace management system performances structure, the utilisation of available airspace by dynamic time
                                          are unserviceable, insufficient, unavailable or sharing, and, at times segregation of airspace among various
                                          corrupted so that the safety of traffic is      categories of users based on short-term needs. (EUROCONTROL
                                          impaired or prevented.                          IETF/DP/0043)
4 Inability to provide ATFM       HEIDI   An event in which elements in the ground air Ref. AFTM is the aggregate of organisations, people,                       Y/N
  services                                traffic flow management system                  infrastructure, equipment, procedures, rules and information used
                                          performances are unserviceable, insufficient, to provide Air Traffic Flow Management services to airspace users.
                                          unavailable or corrupted so that the safety of (EUROCONTROL IETF/DP/0043)
                                          traffic is impaired or prevented.




                                                                           Page 53                                                                                      Version 1.1
                                                                            Descriptive Factors




3 Failure of COMMUNICATION                HEIDI   Situation in which communication by the           Ref.- The communication function is the aggregation of
  function                                        ground ATM system is lost, partially lost or      organisations, people, infrastructure, equipment, procedures, rules
                                                  corrupted so that continuously required           and information used to provide communication services in order to
                                                  communication is prevented.                       facilitate the safe conduct of flights and systems operations.
                                                                                                    (EUROCONTROL IETF/DP/0043)
                                                                                                    e.g. incorrect transmission of significant messages
4   Radio communication system            HEIDI
5   VHF                                   HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
5   UHF                                   HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
5   HF                                    HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
4   Telephone system                      HEIDI
4   Intercom                              HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
4   Datalink system                       HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
4   Data exchange network                 HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
4   Recording                             HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
4   Other                                 HEIDI                                                                                                                            Free TXT
3   Failure of SURVEILLANCE               HEIDI   Situation in which surveillance by the ground     Ref.- The surveillance function is the aggregation of organisations,
    function                                      ATM system is lost, partially lost or corrupted   people, infrastructure, equipment, procedures, rules and
                                                  so that continuously required surveillance by     information used to provide surveillance services in order to
                                                  ATS is prevented.                                 facilitate the safe conduct of flights and systems operations by
                                                                                                    tracking and monitoring the progress of aircraft movements
                                                                                                    (EUROCONTROL IETF/DP/0043)
4   Ground element of ATM                 HEIDI
5   Radar source                          HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
5   Radar data processing system          HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
5   Radar data processing system          HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
5   Traffic display system                HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
5   Other                                 HEIDI
6   ATM service                           HEIDI   The engineered systems and sub-systems the                                                                               Y/N
    infrastructure/facilities/technical           functions of which directly support the
    systems                                       provision of the ATM services, as well as the
                                                  civil infrastructure enabling the provision of
                                                  ATM services.
6 Hardware issues                         HEIDI   Defect or anomaly of a hardware element or        Note:- Wherever in the lifecycle:                                      Y/N
                                                  of its components.                                Design/Commissioning/operations/maintenance
6 Software issues                         HEIDI   Defect or anomaly of a software element or of     Note:- Wherever in the lifecycle:                                      Y/N
                                                  its components.                                   Design/Commissioning/operations/maintenance
6 Integration issues                      HEIDI   Defect or anomaly in an interface between         Note:- It includes air-ground and ground-ground integration.           Y/N
                                                  systems/equipment.
4 Airborne element of ATM                 HEIDI
5 No transponder                          HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N
5 Assigned mode                           HEIDI                                                                                                                            Y/N




                                                                                   Page 54                                                                                       Version 1.1
                                                                     Descriptive Factors




5 Assigned code                  HEIDI                                                                                                                                Y/N
5 Other                          HEIDI                                                                                                                                Free TXT
3 Failure of Data Processing and HEIDI     Situation in which Data Processing and           e.g. loss of flight plan data processing
  Distribution function                    Distribution by the ground ATM system is lost,
                                           partially lost or corrupted so that continuously
                                           required data exchange within ATS and/or
                                           between ATS and aircraft is prevented.

4 Flight plan data processing      HEIDI
  system
5 Electronic data display          HEIDI                                                     Missing, misplaced, erroneous data, late etc..                           Missing/Misplaced/Erro
                                                                                                                                                                      neous Data/Late
5 Flight progress strip            HEIDI                                                     Missing, misplaced, erroneous data, late etc..                           Missing/Misplaced/Erro
                                                                                                                                                                      neous Data/Late
4 Information data system          HEIDI                                                     Refers to other displays and their related functions                     Y/N
3 Failure of Support Information   HEIDI   Situation in which support information is lost,   e.g. incorrect wind information during take off and landing, incorrect
  function                                 partially lost or corrupted so that support       Runway Visual Range, incorrect or lack of filing of flight plans
                                           information by ATS is prevented or incorrect.
3 Failure to provide               HEIDI   Situation in which navigation aids in the          Ref.- A navigation service for en route and/or landing purposes,
  NAVIGATION function                      ground ATM system is lost, partially lost or      provided to the Airspace User via ground or spatial based aids.
                                           corrupted so that continuously required           (EUROCONTROL IETF/DP/0043)
                                           Navigation performance provided to the
                                           aircraft is prevented.
4   Navigational aids              HEIDI
5   VOR                            HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
5   DME                            HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
5   ILS                            HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
5   MLS                            HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
5   NDB                            HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
5   PAR                            HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
5   SRE                            HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
5   Other                          HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N&Free TXT
4   Other system                   HEIDI                                                                                                                              Free TXT
3   Power supply system            HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
2   ATM system security /safety    HEIDI   Situation in which the ATM services are lost or e.g. Fire, smoke, flooding, bomb threat, explosion or sabotage.
    related issues                         disrupted as result of unforeseen major
                                           hazard.
3   Bomb threat, bomb warning      HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
3   Unlawful acts                  HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
3   Fire                           HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
3   Smoke                          HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N
3   Sabotage                       HEIDI                                                                                                                              Y/N




                                                                            Page 55                                                                                          Version 1.1
                                                                  Descriptive Factors




2 Other factors                     HEIDI                                                                                                              Free TXT
2 Aeronautical Information          HEIDI
  Service (AIS) related issues
3 AIS up to date                    HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
3 AIS up to date but user(s)        HEIDI
  having different data
4 Pilot                             HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
4 Controller                        HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
4 both                              HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
4 Other                             HEIDI                                                                                                              Free TXT
3 AIS erroneous data                HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
3 Flight deck/Pilot and ATM using   HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
  different data
3 Documentation/charts              HEIDI                                                                                                              Poor/Inadequate/Missi
                                                                                                                                                       ng
2 Air Traffic Flow Management   HEIDI
  Service (ATFM) related issues
3 Evaluate traffic demand       HEIDI                                              Inadequate, missing , poor, incomplete                              Poor/Inadequate/Missi
                                                                                                                                                       ng
3 Regulate traffic                  HEIDI                                                                                                              Poor/Inadequate/Missi
                                                                                                                                                       ng
2 Airspace Management Service HEIDI                                                Refers to the Pre-tactical and Tactical ASM activies
  (ASM) related issues
3 AMC                         HEIDI         Airspace Management Cell               Refers to the availability of Airspace Management Cell              Y/N
3 AUP                         HEIDI         Airspace Use Plan                      Valid, all requets processed in time, airspace allocation matches   Y/N
                                                                                   the airspace requests
4 CDR availability                  HEIDI                                          Refers to the opening and/or closure of the CDRs                    Y/N
4 CDR routes opened/closed          HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
4 Airspace segregation              HEIDI                                          Refers to the opening and/or closure of the TSAs or CBAs
5 TSA opened/closed                 HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
5 CBA opened/closed                 HEIDI                                                                                                              Y/N
3 Updated Capacity figures          HEIDI                                          Refers to availability of these figures                             Y/N/Late
  available
3 CRAM                              HEIDI                                          Refers to the CRAM message#Conditional Route availability           Y/N/Late
                                                                                   Message issued by CADF
3 UUP                               HEIDI   Updated Airspace Use Plan              Valid, all requets processed in time, airspace allocation matches   Y/N/Late
                                                                                   the airspace requests




                                                                        Page 56                                                                              Version 1.1
                                                                Explanatory Factors




Level                    Term Title           Reference   Definition                  Explanations         Input(s)
        1    Human                          HEIDI
        2   Physical                        HEIDI
        3   Licensing - medical             HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        2   Physiological                   HEIDI
        3   Illness                         HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        3   Incapacitation                  HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        3   Collapse                        HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        3   Health and fitness              HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        4   Nutrition                       HERA                                                     Y/N
        4   Hydration                       HERA                                                     Y/N
        4   Exercise                        HERA                                                     Y/N
        4   Pain                            HERA                                                     Y/N
        4   Stress                          HERA                                                     Y/N
        4   Other health issues                                                                      Y/N&Free TXT
        3   Impairment                      HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        3   Alcohol & Smoking               HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        3   llicit drugs                    HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        3   Prescription drugs              HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        3   Fatigue                         HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        4   Sleep loss                      HERA                                                     Y/N
        4   Sleep disturbance               HERA                                                     Y/N
        4   Tiredness                       HERA                                                     Y/N
        5   acute                           HERA                                                     Y/N
        5   chronic                         HERA                                                     Y/N
        4   Other fatigue issues                                                                     Y/N&Free TXT
        3   Other physiological issues      HEIDI                                                    Y/N&Free TXT
        2   Psychological                   HEIDI
        3   Lapses                          HEIDI                                                    Y/N
        4   Receipt of information          HERA                                                     Y/N
        5   failed to hear message          HERA                                                     Y/N
        5   failed to see message           HERA                                                     Y/N
        4   Identification of Information   HERA                                                     Y/N
        5   misread                         HERA                                                     Y/N
        5   mishear                         HERA                                                     Y/N
        5   Other                                                                                    Free TXT
        4   Perception of information       HERA                                                     Y/N
        5   readback error                  HERA                                                     Y/N




                                                                       Page 57                             Version 1.1
                                            Explanatory Factors




5   hearback error                  HERA                          Y/N
5   misperceive                     HERA                          Y/N
5   no perception                   HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Detection                       HERA                          Y/N
5   late detection                  HERA                          Y/N
5   no detection                    HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Misunderstanding                HERA                          Y/N
5   Attention                       HERA                          Y/N
6   late recognition                HERA                          Y/N
6   misrecognition                  HERA                          Y/N
6   late identification             HERA                          Y/N
6   no identification               HERA                          Y/N
6   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Monitoring                      HERA                          Y/N
5   forget                          HERA                          Y/N
5   fixate                          HERA                          Y/N
5   channelled                      HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Timing                          HERA                          Y/N
5   response                        HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Distraction                     HERA                          Y/N
5   over short time                 HERA                          Y/N
5   over long time                  HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Forgetting                      HERA                          Y/N
5   action already done             HERA                          Y/N
5   information received or being   HERA                          Y/N
    used
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Loss of Awareness               HERA                          Y/N
5   of traffic                      HERA                          Y/N
5   of equipment mode               HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
3   Slips                           HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Response errors                 HERA                          Y/N




                                                 Page 58                Version 1.1
                                             Explanatory Factors




5   selecting object                 HERA                          Y/N
6   similar look                     HERA                          Y/N
6   similar function                 HERA                          Y/N
6   Other                                                          Free TXT
5   positioning                      HERA                          Y/N
6   overshoot                        HERA                          Y/N
6   undershoot                       HERA                          Y/N
6   Other                                                          Free TXT
5   movement                         HERA                          Y/N
6   wrong type                       HERA                          Y/N
6   wrong direction                  HERA                          Y/N
6   wrong sequence                   HERA                          Y/N
6   no action                        HERA                          Y/N
6   Other                                                          Free TXT
5   timing                           HERA                          Y/N
6   too early                        HERA                          Y/N
6   too late                         HERA                          Y/N
6   too long                         HERA                          Y/N
6   too short                        HERA                          Y/N
6   Other                                                          Free TXT
5   recording                        HERA                          Y/N
6   incorrect                        HERA                          Y/N
6   inaccurate                       HERA                          Y/N
6   failed to record                 HERA                          Y/N
6   Other                                                          Free TXT
5   interruption                     HERA                          Y/N
6   from own thoughts                HERA                          Y/N
6   from environment                 HERA                          Y/N
6   Other                                                          Free TXT
5   slip of tongue/pen               HERA                          Y/N
3   Mistakes                         HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Information wrongly associated   HERA                          Y/N
4   Signal information confused      HERA                          Y/N
5   spatially close                  HERA                          Y/N
5   looked/sound alike               HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                          Free TXT
4   Workload issues                  HERA                          Y/N
5   too much                         HERA                          Y/N




                                                  Page 59                Version 1.1
                                           Explanatory Factors




5   too little                      HERA                         Y/N
5   transition                      HERA                         Y/N
5   Other                                                        Free TXT
4   Fixation on important/prominent HERA                         Y/N
    information

4 Information not detected after   HERA                          Y/N
  searching
4 Failure to monitor               HERA                          Y/N
5 people                           HERA                          Y/N
5 information                      HERA                          Y/N
5 automation                       HERA                          Y/N
5 Other                                                          Free TXT
4 Recall of information            HERA                          Y/N
5 ailed                            HERA                          Y/N
5 inaccurate                       HERA                          Y/N
5 rare information                 HERA                          Y/N
5 past information                 HERA                          Y/N
5 Other                                                          Free TXT
4 Mis stored or insufficiently     HERA                          Y/N
  learned information
4 Judgement                        HERA                          Y/N
5 separation                       HERA                          Y/N
6 wrong                            HERA                          Y/N
6 no action                        HERA                          Y/N
6 Other                                                          Free TXT
5 mis judged information           HERA                          Y/N
4 Planning                         HERA                          Y/N
5 insufficient                     HERA                          Y/N
5 incorrect                        HERA                          Y/N
5 failed                           HERA                          Y/N
5 Other                                                          Free TXT
4 Decision making                  HERA                          Y/N
5 incorrect                        HERA                          Y/N
5 late                             HERA                          Y/N
5 none                             HERA                          Y/N
5 Other                                                          Free TXT
4 Task shedding                    HERA                          Y/N
4 Assumptions                      HERA                          Y/N




                                                Page 60                Version 1.1
                                            Explanatory Factors




5   faulty                          HERA                          Y/N
5   wrong                           HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Mindset                         HERA                          Y/N
3   Violations                      HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Routine                         HERA                          Y/N
4   Exceptional                     HERA                          Y/N
3   Mental/Emotional/Personnality   HEIDI                         Y/N
    issues
4   Mental capacity                 HERA                          Y/N
5   loss of picture                 HERA                          Y/N
5   loss of SA                      HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Confidence                      HERA                          Y/N
5   in self                         HERA                          Y/N
5   in others                       HERA                          Y/N
5   in equipment                    HERA                          Y/N
5   in information                  HERA                          Y/N
5   in automation                   HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Complacency                     HERA                          Y/N
4   Motivation/Morale               HERA                          Y/N
4   Attitudes to others             HERA                          Y/N
4   Personality traits              HERA                          Y/N
5   aggressive                      HERA                          Y/N
5   assertive                       HERA                          Y/N
5   under confident                 HERA                          Y/N
5   risk taking                     HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Emotional status                HERA                          Y/N
5   stressed                        HERA                          Y/N
6   post incident                   HERA                          Y/N
6   other                           HERA                          Y/N&Free TXT
5   apprehension                    HERA                          Y/N
5   anxiety                         HERA                          Y/N
5   panic                           HERA                          Y/N
5   boredom                         HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT




                                                 Page 61                Version 1.1
                                               Explanatory Factors




2   Skill/Technique/ability            HEIDI
3   Skills                             HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Skill maintenance                  HERA                          Y/N
4   Lack of practice                   HERA                          Y/N
4   Inadequate transfer                HERA                          Y/N
3   Techniques                         HEIDI                         Y/N
3   Abilities                          HEIDI                         Y/N
2   Experience and Knowledge           HEIDI
3   Experience                         HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Qualifications                     HERA                          Y/N
5   licence                            HERA                          Y/N
5   ratings                            HERA                          Y/N
5   endorsements                       HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                            Free TXT
4   Inexperience on position           HERA                          Y/N
4   Unfamiliar task/novel situation    HERA                          Y/N
3   Knowledge                          HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Inadequate                         HERA                          Y/N
4   Regulatory requirements            HERA                          Y/N
4   Aeronautical                       HERA                          Y/N
4   Procedures                         HERA                          Y/N
4   Met.                               HERA                          Y/N
4   Other                              HERA                          Y/N&Free TXT
1   Human to Human                     HEIDI
2   Communications                     HEIDI
3   Spoken communications              HEIDI                         Y/N
4   With aircrew                       HERA                          Y/N
5   language/accent                    HERA                          Y/N
5   situation not conveyed by pilots   HERA                          Y/N

5 pilots breach of R/T            HERA                               Y/N
5 high R/T workload               HERA                               Y/N
5 misunderstanding/interpretation HERA                               Y/N

5   other pilot problems               HERA                          Y/N
4   Call sign confusion                HERA                          Y/N
4   Noise interference                 HERA                          Y/N
4   Ground-ground communication        HERA                          Y/N




                                                    Page 62                Version 1.1
                                              Explanatory Factors




5 misunderstanding/interpretation HERA                              Y/N

5   poor /no coordination             HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                           Free TXT
4   Other spoken information          HERA                          Y/N&Free TXT
3   Written communication             HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Data link                         HERA                          Y/N
4   Handwriting                       HERA                          Y/N
4   Marking of strips                 HERA                          Y/N
4   Other written information         HERA                          Y/N&Free TXT
3   Visual signals                    HEIDI                         Y/N
2   Team Skills                       HEIDI
3   Transfer of responsibility        HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Handover/takeover                 HERA                          Y/N
5   Poor                              HERA                          Y/N
5   unclear                           HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                           Free TXT
4   Co ordination                     HERA                          Y/N
5   Poor                              HERA                          Y/N
5   unclear                           HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                           Free TXT
4   Poor communication                HERA                          Y/N
5   pilot                             HERA                          Y/N
5   colleagues                        HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                           Free TXT
3   Team management                   HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Returning to sector after break   HERA                          Y/N
4   Temporary unmanned position       HERA                          Y/N
4   team allocation                   HERA                          Y/N
5   new                               HERA                          Y/N
5   temporary                         HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                           Free TXT
4   working                           HERA                          Y/N
    methods/responsiblities
5   Poor                              HERA                          Y/N
5   unclear                           HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                           Free TXT
4   High administrative workload      HERA                          Y/N
3   Team dynamics                     HEIDI                         Y/N




                                                   Page 63                Version 1.1
                                       Explanatory Factors




4   Poor team relations        HERA                          Y/N
5   Personality                HERA                          Y/N
5   Conflict                   HERA                          Y/N
5   Pairing                    HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                    Free TXT
4   Trust in others            HERA                          Y/N
5   Over                       HERA                          Y/N
5   Under                      HERA                          Y/N
5   Miss                       HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                    Free TXT
4   Inadequate assertiveness   HERA                          Y/N
4   Cultural issues            HERA                          Y/N
4   Duty of care               HERA                          Y/N
3   Supervisory problems       HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Poor/no planning           HERA                          Y/N
4   decision making            HERA                          Y/N
5   Poor                       HERA                          Y/N
5   None                       HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                    Free TXT
4   feedback                   HERA                          Y/N
5   Poor                       HERA                          Y/N
5   None                       HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                    Free TXT
4   quality control            HERA                          Y/N
5   Poor                       HERA                          Y/N
5   None                       HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                    Free TXT
3   Poor/inadequate support    HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Flight data                HERA                          Y/N
4   Maintenance                HERA                          Y/N
3   Other team issues          HEIDI                         Y/N&Free TXT
1   Human -Environment         HEIDI
2   Traffic and Airspace       HEIDI
3   Traffic load/complexity    HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Excessive load             HERA                          Y/N
4   Fluctuating load           HERA                          Y/N
4   Unexpected demands         HERA                          Y/N
4   Complex mix                HERA                          Y/N




                                            Page 64                Version 1.1
                                            Explanatory Factors




4   Unusual situations              HERA                          Y/N
5   emergency                       HERA                          Y/N
5   high risk                       HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Abnormal time pressure          HERA                          Y/N
4   Underload                       HERA                          Y/N
4   Similar confusable call signs   HERA                          Y/N
3   Airspace problems               HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Flights in non controlled and   HERA                          Y/N
    controlled air space
4   Air space design                HERA                          Y/N
    characteristics
5   complexity                      HERA                          Y/N
5   changes                         HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
4   Temporary sector activities     HERA                          Y/N
5   military                        HERA                          Y/N
5   parachuting                     HERA                          Y/N
5   volcanic activity               HERA                          Y/N
5   training                        HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
3   Weather problems                HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Poor or unpredictable           HERA                          Y/N
5   snow/slush/ice                  HERA                          Y/N
5   fog/low cloud                   HERA                          Y/N
5   thunderstorm                    HERA                          Y/N
5   windshear                       HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                         Free TXT
3   Pilot problems                  HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Language                        HERA                          Y/N
4   Culture                         HERA                          Y/N
4   Experience                      HERA                          Y/N
2   Workspace                       HEIDI
3   Ambient environment             HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Noise                           HERA                          Y/N
4   Distraction                     HERA                          Y/N
5   supervisors                     HERA                          Y/N
5   colleagues                      HERA                          Y/N
5   maintenance                     HERA                          Y/N




                                                 Page 65                Version 1.1
                                                Explanatory Factors




5   visitors                            HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                             Free TXT
4   Air quality                         HERA                          Y/N
5   temperature                         HERA                          Y/N
5   humidity                            HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                             Free TXT
4   Lighting                            HERA                          Y/N
5   illumination                        HERA                          Y/N
5   glare                               HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                             Free TXT
4   Pollution/fumes                     HERA                          Y/N
4   Radiation                           HERA                          Y/N
4   Other problems                      HERA                          Y/N
2   Organisational                      HEIDI
3   Problems in work environment        HEIDI                         Y/N
4   General understaffing               HERA                          Y/N
4   Roster/rest day times               HERA                          Y/N
4   Poor splitting/collapsing sectors   HERA                          Y/N

4   Work scheduling                     HERA                          Y/N
4   Terms and condition                 HERA                          Y/N
4   Union/professional issues           HERA                          Y/N
4   Administrative workload             HERA                          Y/N
    problems
4   Poor relations/confidence in        HERA                          Y/N
    management
4   Job insecurity                      HERA                          Y/N
4   Low morale/job satisfaction         HERA                          Y/N
4   Other                                                             Free TXT
3   Company/commercial pressure         HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Unsafe operations                   HERA                          Y/N
4   Failure to correct problems         HERA                          Y/N
3   Management problems                 HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Poor/no planning                    HERA                          Y/N
4   Poor/no decision making             HERA                          Y/N
4   Poor/no feedback                    HERA                          Y/N
4   Other                                                             Free TXT
3   Organisation problems               HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Organisational change               HERA                          Y/N




                                                     Page 66                Version 1.1
                                           Explanatory Factors




4   Poor/no planning               HERA                          Y/N
4   Poor/no decision making        HERA                          Y/N
4   Poor/no feedback               HERA                          Y/N
4   Other                                                        Free TXT
3   Regulatory problems            HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Poor/no planning               HERA                          Y/N
4   Poor/no decision making        HERA                          Y/N
4   Poor/no feedback               HERA                          Y/N
4   Other                                                        Free TXT
1   Human - Equipment              HEIDI
2   Workplace design               HEIDI
3   Poor console layout            HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Seat position                  HERA                          Y/N
4   Switches                       HERA                          Y/N
4   Input devices                  HERA                          Y/N
4   Writing surfaces               HERA                          Y/N
4   FPS board                      HERA                          Y/N
4   Other                                                        Free TXT
3   Visibility                     HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Vehicles on aerodrome          HERA                          Y/N
4   Aircraft from tower            HERA                          Y/N
3   Radar problems                 HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Failure                        HERA                          Y/N
4   SSR label                      HERA                          Y/N
5   overlap                        HERA                          Y/N
5   reflection                     HERA                          Y/N
5   split                          HERA                          Y/N
5   lost                           HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                        Free TXT
4   Changes in radar range         HERA                          Y/N
4   A/C on edge of radar           HERA                          Y/N
4   Transponder problems/failure   HERA                          Y/N
4   Other                                                        Free TXT
3   FPS problems                   HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Illegible                      HERA                          Y/N
4   Positioning                    HERA                          Y/N
4   Lost                           HERA                          Y/N
4   Poor/wrong printing            HERA                          Y/N




                                                Page 67                Version 1.1
                                              Explanatory Factors




4   Other                                                           Free TXT
2   Communication problems            HEIDI
3   R/T failure                       HEIDI                         Y/N
4   A/C stuck transmitter             HERA                          Y/N
4   R/T interference                  HERA                          Y/N
5   cross transmission                HERA                          Y/N
5   blocked frequency                 HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                           Free TXT
4   Head set problems                 HERA                          Y/N
4   Land line problems                HERA                          Y/N
3   Equipment problems                HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Lack of equipment                 HERA                          Y/N
4   Unreliability                     HERA                          Y/N
5   Inadequate /poor design           HERA                          Y/N
5   Failed                            HERA                          Y/N
5   No clear alarm warning of         HERA                          Y/N
    failure/ emergency
5   Conflicting/incompatible alerts   HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                           Free TXT
3   Other HMI problems                HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Recently introduced               HERA                          Y/N
    hardware/software
4   Visibility                        HERA                          Y/N
4   Consistency                       HERA                          Y/N
4   Precision demands                 HERA                          Y/N
4   Access                            HERA                          Y/N
4   Feedback                          HERA                          Y/N
4   Other                                                           Free TXT
3   Information problems              HEIDI                         Y/N
4   Unavailable                       HERA                          Y/N
4   Suppressed                        HERA                          Y/N
4   Inaccessible                      HERA                          Y/N
4   Mode confusion                    HERA                          Y/N
4   Trust in automation               HERA                          Y/N
5   under                             HERA                          Y/N
5   over                              HERA                          Y/N
5   miss                              HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                           Free TXT




                                                   Page 68                Version 1.1
                                             Explanatory Factors




1 Human - Documentation and          HEIDI
  Procedures
2 Procedures                         HEIDI
3 Poor/wrong/no procedures           HEIDI                         Y/N
3 Written materials                  HEIDI                         Y/N
4 poor                               HERA                          Y/N
4 Unclear                            HERA                          Y/N
4 Ambiguous                          HERA                          Y/N
4 inappropriate or contradictory     HERA                          Y/N
4 Incomplete or not available        HERA                          Y/N
4 Complex                            HERA                          Y/N
4 Recent changes                     HERA                          Y/N
4 Other                                                            Free TXT
3 Other procedural problems          HEIDI                         Y/N&Free TXT
2 Documentation                      HEIDI
3 Poor/wrong/no documentation        HEIDI                         Y/N

4   operations manuals/charts        HERA                          Y/N
5   incomplete                       HERA                          Y/N
5   wrong                            HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                          Free TXT
4   advisory manuals                 HERA                          Y/N
5   incomplete                       HERA                          Y/N
5   wrong                            HERA                          Y/N
5   inappropriate                    HERA                          Y/N
5   Other                                                          Free TXT
4   inappropriate regulations and    HERA                          Y/N
    standards materials
4   Other                                                          Free TXT
3   Other                            HEIDI                         Y/N&Free TXT
    procedures/documentation
    problems
2   Training                         HEIDI
3   Inadequate mentoring             HEIDI                         Y/N
3   Inadequate specialist training   HEIDI                         Y/N
4   OJTI                             HERA                          Y/N
4   Emergency                        HERA                          Y/N
4   TRM                              HERA                          Y/N
4   Recurrent                        HERA                          Y/N




                                                  Page 69                Version 1.1
                                      Explanatory Factors




4 Other                                                     Free TXT
3 Check and Training          HEIDI                         Y/N
4 Controller under training   HERA                          Y/N
4 Controller under            HERA                          Y/N
  examination/check
4 Inadequate/no manuals       HERA                          Y/N
4 Other                                                     Free TXT
3 Other training problems     HEIDI                         Y/N&Free TXT




                                           Page 70                Version 1.1
                                                                                 Classification Scheme




Level                Term Title              Reference                      Definition                                                  Explanations                                         Input(s)
        1 Severity of effect on aircraft
        2 Accident                         ICAO           An occurrence associated with the operation       ICAO Annex 13:                                                         Y/N
                                                         of an aircraft which takes place between the       - mid-air collisions between aircraft or between aircraft and other
                                                         time any person boards the aircraft with the       objects
                                                         intention of flight until such time as such        - collisions on the ground including Controlled Flight Into Terrain or
                                                         persons have disembark, in which:                  collisions on the ground between aircraft or between aircraft and
                                                         - a person is fatally or seriously injured (as a   other objects
                                                         result of..)
                                                         - the aircraft sustains damage of structural
                                                         failure (which..)
                                                         - the aircraft is missing or is completely
                                                         inaccessible
        2 Serious Incident (A)             ICAO           An incident involving circumstances                ICAO Doc. 4444 AIRPROX                                                    Y/N
                                                         indicating that an accident nearly occurred.       Risk of collision:"The risk of an aircraft proximity in which serious
                                                         Note: The difference between an accident and       risk of collision has existed"
                                                         a serious incident lies only in the result         Critical near collision between aircraft or between aircraft and
                                                                                                            obstacle(s)
                                                                                                            Separations lower than half the separation minima (e.g. 2 NM)

                                                                                                            Icao Annex 13 Attachment D:
                                                                                                            - "Near collisions requiring an avoidance manoeuvre to avoid a
                                                                                                            collision or unsafe situation or when avoidance action would have
                                                                                                            been appropriate
                                                                                                            - Controlled Flight Into Terrain only marginally avoided
                                                                                                            - Aborted take-offs on aclosed or engaged runway/take-offs from a
                                                                                                            closed runway or engaged runway with a marginal separation from
                                                                                                            obstacles/landings or attempted landings on a closed runway or
                                                                                                            engaged runway/take-off or landings incidents, such as under-
                                                                                                            shootings, overrunning or running off the runway"
                                                                                                            SRC note: ATM related serious incidents would include more
                                                                                                            specifically critical near collisions between aircraft, between aircraft
                                                                                                            and obstacles, critical near Controlled flight Into Terrain and near
                                                                                                            Loss of control in flight due to meteorological conditions and




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2 Major incident (B)                    An incident associated with the operation of    ICAO Doc. 4444 AIRPROX                                                  Y/N
                                       an aircraft, which safety of aircraft may have  Risk of collision:"The risk of an aircraft proximity in which safety of
                                       been compromised, having led to a near          aircraft may have been compromised"
                                       collision between aircraft with ground or       Loss of separation (separation higher than half the separation
                                       obstacles (i.e. safety margins not respected    minima e.g. 4NM) which is not fully under ATC control
                                       which is not the result of an ATC instruction)  Safety margins not respected (higher than half the applicable
                                                                                       safety margins) which is not fully under ATC control.
                                                                                       A crew avoidance manoeuvre and/or an ATC instruction allowed to
                                                                                       reduce the risk, without eliminating it, as safety margins were still
                                                                                       infringed.
                                                                                       SRC note: ATM related Major Incidents would include more
                                                                                       specifically near collisions between aircraft, near collisions between
                                                                                       aircraft and obstacles, near Controlled Flight Into Terrain.
2 Significant incident (C)              An incident involving circumstances             ICAO Doc. 4444 AIRPROX                                                  Y/N
                                       indicating that an accident, a serious or major Risk of collision:"The risk of an aircraft proximity in which no risk of
                                       incident could have occurred, if the risk had   collision has existed"
                                       not been managed within safety margins, or if After visual contact between the two aircraft, no avoidance
                                       another aircraft had been in the vicinity.      manoeuvre was seen as necessary or was carried out within safety
                                                                                       margins.
                                                                                        Aircraft deviation from ATC clearance (such as flight level, route ,
                                                                                       heading, runway) unauthorised penetration of airspace, runway
                                                                                       incursion with no other traffic in the vicinity (hence where no
                                                                                       avoiding action was necessary)
                                                                                        SRC Note: ATM related significant incidents would include more
                                                                                       specifically situations where collisions/near collisions could have
2 No safety effect (E)                  An incident which have no safety               occurred in other conditions                                             Y/N
                                       significance
2 Not determined (D)            ICAO    Insufficient information was available to       ICAO Doc. 4444 AIRPROX                                                  Y/N
                                       determine the risk involved or inconclusive or Risk of collision:"The risk of an aircraft proximity in which
                                       conflicting evidence precluded such             insufficient information was available to determine the risk involved
                                       determination                                   or inconclusive or conflicting evidence precluded such
                                                                                       determination"
1 Accident/incident Frequency          The severity classification scheme specifies    SRC. It is recommended that each State initiate the development
                                       five qualitative frequency categories.          of quantitative boundaries which would take into account national
                                                                                       traffic volumes and specific operating conditions of the national
                                                                                       ATM system (and related subsystems)
2 Extremely rare                       Has never occurred throughout the total life                                                                             Y/N
                                       time of the system
2 Rare                                 Only very few similar incidents on record                                                                                Y/N
                                       when considering a large traffic volume or no
                                       records on a small traffic volume
2 Occasional                           Several similar occurrences on record-Has                                                                                Y/N
                                       occurred more than once at the same location




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2 Frequent                                         A significant number of similar occurrences                                                                                 Y/N
                                                   already on record-Has occurred a significant
                                                   number of times at the same location
2 Very frequent                                    A very high number of similar occurrences                                                                                   Y/N
                                                   already on record-Has occurred a very high
                                                   number of times at the same location
1 Severity of effect on ability to
  provide ATM services
2 Total Inability to provide safe    HEIDI draft    An occurrence associated with the total            Ex: Sudden inability to provide any degree of safe ATM service           Y/N
  ATM service (AA)                                 inability to provide ATM Services in               within several airspace sectors without warning and for a significant
                                                   compliance with applicable safety regulatory       period of time. No contingency measure could be applied.ATCO
                                                   requirements, where:                               loosing totally its ability to control the situation. Situation has every
                                                   - There is a sudden and non managed total          chnace to lead to many accidents/serious incidents
                                                   loss of ATM service or situation awareness
                                                   - There is a totally corrupted ATM service or
                                                   corrupted information provided to ATS
                                                   personnel
2 Serious inability to provide ATM HEIDI draft      An occurrence associated with the total and        Ex: Inability to maintain a safe ATM service in one or more sectors Y/N
  services (A)                                     sudden inability to provide ATM Services in        for a significant period of time. High increase of workload for the
                                                   compliance with applicable safety regulatory       ATCO-Provision of misleading information to the ATCO-ATCO
                                                   requirements. It involves circumstances            loosing seriously his ability to control the situation. Situation has
                                                   indicating that the ability to provide ATM         every chance to lead to a limited number of accidents/incidents.
                                                   services is severely compromised and has
                                                   the potential to impact many aircraft safe
                                                   operations over a significant period of time.
2 Partial Inability to provide safe HEIDI draft     An occurrence associated with the sudden          Ex: Inability to maintain a safe ATM service within one or more     Y/N
  ATM service (B)                                  and partial inability to provide ATM Services in  airspace sectors without warning and for a significant period of
                                                   compliance with applicable safety regulatory      time. The ATCO's workload increased significantly and he was
                                                   requirements.                                     provided with less information than required for normal operations.
                                                                                                     Limitations to ATM services were imposed and/or contingency
                                                                                                     Separation Measures weer applied to compensate for the loss or
                                                                                                     corrupted function(s) but the risk of infringing safe separation was
                                                                                                     high and multiple losses of separation did/could have occurred until
                                                                                                     traffic levels were reduced.
2 Ability to provide safe but        HEIDI draft    An occurrence involving circumstances             Inability to maintain a non degraded ATM service within one or      Y/N
  degraded ATM service (C)                         indicating that a total, serious or partial major more sectors without warning and for a significant period of time.
                                                   inability to provide safe and non degraded        Safety regulatory requirements however respected. Contingency
                                                   ATM Services could have occurred, if the risk measures/ATC procedures were not seen as necessary, or, when
                                                   had not been managed/controlled by ATS            taking place, they were able to compensate/mitigate the
                                                   personnel within safety regulatory                loss/corruption of functionality, but the ATCO's workload was high
                                                   requirements, even if this implied limitations in and/or overall system capacity was affected.
                                                   the provisions of ATM services.                   Back-up ATM service/system were lost or were sending corrupted
                                                                                                     information.
2 No effect on ATM service (D)       HEIDI draft    Occurrences which do not impact the ability                                                                           Y/N
                                                   to provide ATM Services within safety
                                                   regulatory requirements.




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2 Not determined (E)           HEIDI Draft    Insufficient information was available to                                                                             Y/N
                                             determine the risk involved or inconclusive or
                                             conflicting evidence precluded such
                                             determination
1 ATM specific occurrences                   The severity classification scheme specifies    SRC. It is recommended that each State initiate the development
  frequency                                  five qualitative frequency categories.          of quantitative boundaries which would take into account the
                                                                                             specific operating conditions of the national ATM system (and
                                                                                             related subsystems)
2 Extremely rare                             Has never occurred throughout the total life                                                                           Y/N
                                             time of the system
2 Rare                                       No similar incidents on record when                                                                                    Y/N
                                             considering a particular location or element of
                                             the ground part of the ATM system
2 Occasional                                 Several similar occurrences on record-Has                                                                              Y/N
                                             occurred more than once at the same location
                                             or more than once to similar element of the
                                             ground part of ATM system.
2 Frequent                                   A significant number of similar occurrences                                                                            Y/N
                                             already on record-Has occurred a significant
                                             number of times at the same location or
                                             involving a particular element of the ground
                                             part of ATM system.
2 Very frequent                              A very frequent number of similar                                                                                      Y/N
                                             occurrences already on record-Has occurred
                                             a very high number of times at the same
                                             location or involving a particular element of
                                             the ground part of the ATM system.
1 ATM system contribution to
  accident/incident
2 Direct                                     Where at least one ATM event or item was      e.g. system failure or an omission of action                             Y/N
                                             judged to be DIRECTLY in the causal chain of
                                             events leading to an accident or incident.
                                             Without that ATM event, it is considered that
                                             the occurrence would not have happened.
3 Primary                                                                                                                                                           Y/N
2 Indirect                                   Where no ATM event or item was judged to        e.g. air traffic controller did not use the phrase "avoiding action"   Y/N
                                             be DIRECTLY in the causal chain of events
                                             leading to an accident or incident but where at
                                             least one ATM event potentially increased the
                                             level of rsik or played a role in the emergence
                                             of the occurrence encountered by the
                                             aircraft.
                                             Without such ATM event, it is considered that
                                             the accident or incident might still have
                                             happened.




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3 Contributory             Where no ATM event or item was judged to            Y/N
                           be DIRECTLY in the causal chain of events
                           leading to an accident or incident but where at
                           least one ATM event potentially increased the
                           level of risk or played a role in the emergence
                           of the occurrence encountered by the
                           aircraft.
                           Without that ATM event, it is considered that
                           the occurrence would still have happened.
3 Aggravate                                                                    Y/N
2 No involvement           When no ATM event was judged to be either           Y/N
                           direct or indirect in the causal chain of events
                           leading to an accident or incident
3 Pertinent        HEIDI   Refers to an ATM event which was not                Y/N
                           judged to be either direct or contributory in the
                           causal chain of events leading to an
                           accident/incident but which is worth reporting
                           for accident/incident prevention activities




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Level                 Term Title           Reference   Definition                 Explanations         Input(s)
        1 (SAFETY)                       HEIDI                                                   Y/N&Free TXT
          RECOMMENDATION(S)
        1 Number of SAFETY               HEIDI                                                   #
          RECOMMENDATIONS
        2 Problem description            HEIDI                                                   Long TXT
        2 Recommendation Description     HEIDI                                                   Long TXT
        3 New                            HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        3 New variant of known problem   HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        3 Old not implemented            HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        4 Reason not implemented         HEIDI
        5 Resources                      HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        5 Priority setting               HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        5 Other                          HEIDI                                                   Free TXT
        4 To address undesired side      HEIDI                                                   Y/N
          effect previous
          Recommendation
        2 Type                           HEIDI
        3 Interim                        HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        3 Definitive                     HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        2 Priority                       HEIDI
        3 High                           HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        3 Medium                         HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        3 Low                            HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        3 Date                                                                                   DD.MM.YYYY
        2 Originator                     HEIDI                                                   Free TXT
        2 Addressee                      HEIDI                                                   Free TXT
        3 Accepted                                                                               Y/N
        3 Rejected                                                                               Y/N&Free TXT
        2 Area of application            HEIDI
        3 Human resources                HEIDI
        4 Recruitment                    HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        4 Training                       HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        4 Attitude                       HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        4 Awareness programmes           HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        3 Equipment                      HEIDI
        4 Design                         HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        4 Lack                           HEIDI                                                   Y/N
        4 integration                    HEIDI                                                   Y/N




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                                        Safety Recommendations




3   Procedures                  HEIDI
4   Inadequate                  HEIDI                                          Y/N
4   Non existing                HEIDI                                          Y/N
2   Follow-up Records           HEIDI
3   Remedial action taken       HEIDI                    Y/N (WHY) +free TXT   Y/N&Free TXT
4   Efficiency feedback         HEIDI                                          Y/N/Unknown
3   Remedial action taken for   HEIDI
    same problem before
4   (If Y above) Reason re-     HEIDI
    occurrence
5   Time to effect              HEIDI                                          Y/N
5   Lack of effect              HEIDI                                          Y/N
5   Opposite effect             HEIDI                                          Y/N
5   Aggravating effect          HEIDI                                          Y/N




                                               Page 77                               Version 1.1
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Level                Term Title        Reference                           Definition                                                 Explanations                             Input(s)
        1 Tolerable risk            EATMIP Safety      A willingness to live with a risk so as to secure
                                    Policy             certain benefits and in the confidence that it is
                                                       being properly controlled. To tolerate a risk
                                                       means that we do not regard it as negligible or
                                                       something we might ignore, but rather as
                                                       something we need to keep under review and
                                                       reduce still further as we can.
        1 Risk classification       HEIDI Draft        The process of establishing a relationship
                                                       between the possible outcome of an incident
                                                       and a severity scale
        1 Severity                  HEIDI Draft        The degree of hazard that has actually been          EATMIP Safety Policy
                                                       experienced                                          The combination of the frequency, or probability, of a hazardous
                                                                                                            event occurring and the likely consequence, or severity, of that
                                                                                                            occurrence.
        1 Severity classification   HEIDI Draft        The process of establishing a relationship
                                                       between the actual outcome of an
                                                       accident/incident and a predefined hazard
                                                       scale.
        1 Criticality               ARP4754            Indication of the hazard level associated with
                                    Certification      a function (hardware, software etc..) alone or
                                    considerations     in combination with external events.
                                    for Highly-
                                    Integrated or
                                    Complex aircraft
                                    Systems
        1 Criticality level         DFS               The criticality of the elements in the air
                                                      navigation services system is used to indicate
                                                      the measure of importance associated with
                                                      their potential failure
        1 Failure                   EUROCONTRO Loss or degradation of a function which                      Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP "Safety
                                    L: Air Navigation could/did impair the safety of the provided air       Assessment Methodology"
                                    System Safety     navigation services (that is could/did lead to a      Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP Operational
                                    Assessment        hazard) and subsequently, could/did                   Activities
                                    Methodology       contribute to an/many aircraft collision ( failure
                                    JAR25             condition(s))
                                    UKCAP670          Note: a failure may be seen as a fault (*) if it is
                                                      a pre-requisite for another failure
                                                      (*) see definition below
                                                      A loss of function, or malfunction, of a system
                                                      or part thereof.




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                                                                                    Glossary




1 Faults                        HEIDI Draft from Defect or anomaly of a system element or of           EUROCONTROL: Air Navigation System Safety Assessment
                                EUROCONTRO its components.                                             Methodology:
                                L:                                                                     Defect or anomaly of a system element or of its components.
                                Air Navigation                                                         Manifestation of a human error during the development, operations
                                System Safety                                                          or maintenance of the system, or as a result of a hardware
                                Assessment                                                             degradation mechanism in system elements.
                                Methodology
1 Error                         HEIDI            Error is generic term which includes all the          Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP Operational
                                                 occasions in which a planned sequence of              Activities
                                                 mental or physical activities fail to achieve         e.g. the controller forgets to inform the aircraft that “turn 60
                                                 their intended outcome, and when these                degrees immediately” is an avoiding action.

                                                 failures cannot be attributed to the                  Refers to explanatory factors
                                                 intervention of some chance agency                    Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP “Safety
                                                 (1) an occurrence arising as result of an             Assessment Methodology”
                                                 incorrect action or decision by personnel
                                                 operating or maintaining a system (JAR AMJ
                                                 25.1309)
                                                 (2) a mistake in specification, design or
1 Events                        The Concise      implementation
                                                 A thing that happens or takes place esp. one
                                Oxford Dictionary of importance

1 External events               EUROCONTRO          Any interference with an activity, a function, a
                                L: Air Navigation   service, a system which may contribute/has
                                System Safety       contributed (together with faults) to the
                                Assessment          emergence of a failure (and therefore a
                                Methodology         hazard or a failure condition)
1 Occurrence                                        Accidents, serious incidents and incidents as
                                                    well as other defects or malfunctioning of an
                                                    aircraft, its equipment and any element of the
                                                    Air Navigation System which is used or
                                                    intended to be used for the purpose or in
                                                    connection with the operation of an aircraft or
                                                    with the provision of an air traffic management
                                                    service or navigational aid to an aircraft.
1 Occurrence Reporting System   HEIDI Draft         The process by which safety occurrences are
                                                    made known to the relevant personnel
1 Incident                      ICAO                An occurrence other than an accident,          Note.- The type of incidents which are of main interest to ICAO for
                                                    associated with the operation of an aircraft,  accident prevention studies are listed in the ICAO Accident/incident
                                                    which affects or could affect the safety of    Reporting Manual.
                                                    operation.
1 Cause                         ICAO                Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or
                                                    combination thereof, which led to the accident
                                                    or incident.




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1 Involvement           The Concise       The act or an instance of involving; the
                        Oxford Dictionary process of being involved.
                                          Involve
                                          1. (often followed by in) cause (a person or
                                          thing) to participate, or share the experience
                                          or effect (in a situation, activity etc.)
1 Contribution          The Concise                                                        Note ATM contribution
                        Oxford Dictionary

1 Factor                HEIDI
1 Main factor           HEIDI             That part of the chain of events or
                                          combination of events which has played a
                                          decisive role in the occurrence through active
                                          contribution to its emergence
1 Contributory factor   HEIDI             A part of the chain of events or combination of
                                          events which has played a role in the
                                          occurrence (either by easing its emergence or
                                          by aggravating the consequences thereof) but
                                          for which it cannot be determined whether its
                                          non existence would have changed the
                                          course of events
1 Descriptive factor    HEIDI             Statement of:
                                          -malfunctioning (equipment) or
                                          -inadequacy/non existence (rules,
                                          procedures) or
                                          -errors (human) or
                                          -interference (external parameters)
                                          resulting from the break down of an
                                          accident/incident history that give an
                                          understanding of HOW a given situation
                                          developed into an accident/incident
1 Explanatory factor    HEIDI             Underlying reasons that are offered as the
                                          cause for malfunctioning of equipment,
                                          inadequacy/non existence of rules and human
                                          errors.
1 Compounding factor    HEIDI             A factor which by combining with other factors HERA specific
                                          worsens the consequences of an occurrence

1 Aggravating factor    HEIDI             A factor which by combining with other factors HERA specific
                                          worsens the consequences of an occurrence




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                                                                             Glossary




1 Human factors              HEIDI          Human factor is the systemic application of      Example: the study of human error in ATC
                                            relevant information about human abilities,
                                            characteristics, behaviours and motivation
                                            and communication patterns in the execution
                                            of work and social interactions. In aviation,
                                            Human Factors involves the consideration of
                                            personal, medical and biological variables for
                                            optimal flying and air traffic control (ICAO
                                            1989)
1 Competency                 SRC            The Safety Management (SMS) System shall
                                            ensure that staff are adequately trained,
                                            motivated and competent for the job they are
                                            required to do, in addition to being properly
                                            licensed if so required
1 Taxonomy                   HEIDI Draft    A classification which principles or
                                            classificatory scheme is based on sound
                                            theory. The purpose of a taxonomy is to
                                            provide analytical tools in order to maximise
                                            what can be learned from the data
1 Terminology                HEIDI Draft    The full set of terms necessary to cover a       The Concise Oxford Dictionary:
                                            domain                                           2. The system of terms used in a particular subject
                                                                                             3. The science of the proper use of terms
1 Term                       HEIDI Draft    Words or groups of words which pertain to the The Concise Oxford Dictionary:
                                            terminology and which meaning is defined in 1. a word used to express a definite concept, esp. in particular
                                            an unambiguous and unique way.                   branch of study etc. (a technical term)
1 Safety                     SAE-ARP &      The state in which risk is lower than the upper Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP "Safety
                             ARIBA          limit of acceptable risk                         Assessment Methodology"
                             UK CAP 670     Freedom from unacceptable risk of harm.          Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP Operational
                             IEC1508                                                         Activities
1 Safety Policy              EATCHIP Safety This is a clear, widely distributed (and
                             Policy         understood) statement of the objectives and
                                            priority associated with safety within an
                                            organisation.
1 Safety Management          HEIDI draft    Explicit, pro-active approach to safety in order from EATCHIP Safety Policy
                                            to secure high safety standards as a major       Explicit, pro-active approach to safety (management) in order to
                                            and priority objective.                          secure high safety standards as a major and priority objective.
1 Safety Management system   Eurocontrol    The process used by organisations providing
                                            safety related services or products to ensure
                                            that all safety aspects of that provision have
                                            been adequately addressed
1 Safety achievement         SRC            Requirements for the ATM service-provider
                                            when operating the Sefety Management
                                            Systems (SMS) to obtain safety achivement




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                                                                         Glossary




1 Safety monitoring   EATCHIP Safety Methods put in place in order to detect
                      Policy         changes in systems or operations which may
                                     suggest any element is approaching a point at
                                     which acceptable standards of safety can no
                                     longer be met and corrective action should be
                                     taken.
                                     Assessment of safety impact for
                                     Organisational, Operational or Developmental
                                     changes.
1 Safety assessment   ARP-4761       Safety Assessment stands for systematic and
                      ARP 4754       comprehensive process conducted during
                      Eurocontrol    system development to establish safety
                      EATCHIP Safety requirements and to demonstrate that these
                      Policy         requirements are are met.
                      SAF.ET1.ST01.1
                      000-POL-01-00
1 Safety Assurance    RTCA DO178B All planned and systyemaric actions
                      Eurocontrol    necessary to provide adequate confidence
                      EATCHIP Safety that a product, a service or a system satisfies
                      Policy         given safety requirements
                      SAF.ET1.ST01.1
                      000-POL-01-00
1 Safety Culture      ICAO           A safety culture within an organisation can be
                                     regarded as a set of beliefs, norms, attitudes,
                                     roles and social and technical practices
                                     concerned with minimising exposure of
                                     employees, managers, customers and
                                     members of the general public to conditions
                                     considered dangerous or hazardous.
                                     It is one which promotes among participants a
                                     shared attitude of concern for the
                                     consequences of their actions, an attitude
                                     which would cover material consequences as
                                     well as the possible effects on people;
1 Safety Survey       EATCHIP Safety d. The process of identifying ATM services
                      Policy         weaknesses through examination of these
                                     services in operation under normal conditions
1 Safety critical     UK CAP670      An item or system the failure of which could
                                     lead to, or directly contribute to, the possibility
                                     of an accident or serious loss of functionality,
                                     integrity, or safety margins will be identified as
                                     safety critical.




                                                                          Page 82          Version 1.1
                                                                                Glossary




1 Safety recommendation        ICAO             A proposal of the accident investigation
  (accidents)                  HEIDI            authority of the State conducting the
                                                investigation, based on information derived
                                                from the investigation, made with the intention
                                                of preventing accidents or incidents.
                                                A formal proposal, based on information
                                                derived from the investigation, made with the
                                                intention of preventing accidents or incidents
1 Safety intervention                           A proposal of the organisation conducting the     The JSSI have considered that the terms Investigation and Safety
                                                investigation/assessment, based on                Recommendations only refer to "Accidents", and therefore offer the
                                                information derived from the                      terms Assessment and intervention for the similar aspects of
                                                investigation/assessment, made with the           "Incidents"
                                                intention of preventing accidents or incidents.

1 Mitigation                   UK CAP670      Steps taken to control or prevent a hazard          Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP Operational
                               Eurocontrol    from causing harm or reduce risk to a               Activities
                               SAF.ET1.ST03.1 tolerable or acceptable level                       Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP "Safety
                               000-MAN-00-01  The means by which the risk associated with         Assessment Methodology"
                                              a failure condition can be lessened due to
                                              other, predefined actions or influences or
                                              specific design features or operational
                                              measures.
1 Hazard                       UK CAP670      Any condition, event, or circumstance which         Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP Operational
                               Eurocontrol    could induce an accident                            Activities
                               SAF.ET1.ST03.1 A potentially unsafe condition resulting from       Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP "Safety
                               000-MAN-00-01 failures                                             Assessment Methodology"

1 Risk                         ICAO            The consequence of accepting a hazard              Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP Operational
                                               EATMIP Safety Policy                               Activities
                                               The combination of the frequency, or               Note: used in this sense in the context of the EATMP "Safety
                                               probability, of a hazardous event occurring        Assessment Methodology"
                                               and the likely consequence, or severity, of
                                               that occurrence.
1 ATM Target level of Safety   RGCSP-ICAO      ATM Target Level of Safety specifies a
                               Eurocontrol TLS maximum acceptable risk for the ATM System
                               Workshop        or for any of its constituent parts.
1 Quantitative safety Levels   SRC             The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
                                               ensure that, wherever practicable, quantitative
                                               saftety levels are derived and are maintained
                                               for all systems




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                                                                   Glossary




1 System safety assessment   SRC   The Safety Management System (SMS) shall The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
                                                                                    - ensure that Safety analysis is conducted to an appropriate level
                                   - ensure that Safety analysis is conducted to and is documented to ensure that due consideration is given to all
                                   an appropriate level and is documented to        aspects of ATM
                                   ensure that due consideration is given to all    - ensure that changes to the ATM system are assessed for their
                                   aspects of ATM                                   Safety significance, and ATM system functions are classified
                                   - ensure that changes to the ATM system are according to their Safety criticality
                                   assessed for their Safety significance, and
                                   ATM system functions are classified
                                   according to their Safety criticality
1 SMS Documentation          SRC   The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
                                   ensure that the SMS is systematically
                                   documented in a manner which provides a
                                   clear linkage to the organisation's safety
                                   policy
1 External services          SRC   The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
                                   ensure that suppliers of external services
                                   provide adequate and satisfactory justification
                                   to the ATM service provider of the safety of
                                   the externally provided services, having
                                   regard to their safety significance within the
                                   provision of the ATM service
1 Safety occurrences         SRC   The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
                                   ensure that ATM operational or technical
                                   occurrences which are considered to have
                                   significant safety implications are investigated
                                   immediately and any necessary corrective
                                   action is taken
1 Safety Assurance           SRC   Requirements for the ATM service-provider
                                   when operating the Safety Management
                                   Systems (SMS) to obtain safety assurance
1 Safety surveys             SRC   The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
                                   ensure that safety surveys are carried out as
                                   a matter of routine, to recommend
                                   improvements where needed, to provide
                                   assurance to managers of the safety of
                                   activities within their areas and to confirm
                                   conformance with applicable parts of their
                                   Safety Management System
1 Safety monitoring                The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
                                   ensure that methods are n place to detect
                                   changes in systems or operations which may
                                   suggest any element is approaching a point at
                                   which acceptable standards of safety can no
                                   longer be met and that corrective action is
                                   taken




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                                                                                      Glossary




1 System Safety Assessment                         The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
  (SSA) Documentation                              ensure that the SMS is documented in a
                                                   manner which provides safety assurance to
                                                   all associated with, responsible for or
                                                   dependant upon the services provided and to
                                                   the safety regulatory authority
1   Safety Promotion                               Requirements for the ATM service-provider
                                                   when operating the Safety Management
                                                   Systems (SMS) to obtain safety promotion
1   Lesson dissemination                           The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
                                                   ensure that the lessons arising from safety
                                                   occurrence investigations are disseminated
                                                   widely within the organisation at management
                                                   and operational levels
1   Safety Improvement                             The Safety Management System (SMS) shall
                                                   ensure that all staff are actively encouraged to
                                                   propose solutions to identified hazards and
                                                   shall ensure that changes are made to
                                                   improve safety where they appear needed
1   System (viewed as part of ATC Eurocontrol      1. A vocable used with two acceptations:
    system)                       IETF/DP/0043     a) either as the general representation of a
                                  Eurocontrol      reglarly interacting group activities forming a
                                  EATCHIP          unified whole (the ATC System)
                                  Glossary         b) or so as to denote a precise set of
                                  SIT5/DP4         elements serving a common purpose (the
                                  OASIS + Generic data processing system)
                                  terms            2. A generic term to describe the physical
                                  JAA-JAR1         realisation of a logical requirement, usually
                                                   through some form of automation. Realisation
                                                   by manual means is termed a “procedure”.

                                                   3. A combination of inter-related items
1   System failure                UK CAP670        The inability perform a specific function
                                                   arranged to of a system to fulfil its operational
                                                   requirements. Failure may be systematic or
                                                   due to physical change.
1   ANS                           EATMS            The aggregate of organisations, people,           The word “international” was deleted from the source definition to
    Air Navigation System         Common           infrastructure, equipment, procedures, rules ensure the coverage for all operations (including air navigation
                                  Analysis Model and information used to provide to Airspace         services for domestic traffic)
                                  and Terminology Users, Air Navigation Services in order to
                                  Compendium       ensure the safety, regularity and efficiency of
                                  IETF/DP/0043- air (international) navigation.
                                  Issue 1.0
                                  (04.031994)
                                  Eurocontrol
                                  Safety Policy ed
                                  1.0 Nov 95




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                                                                                  Glossary




1 CNS System
  Communication
  Navigation
  Surveillance
  System
1 Ground Part
1 Airborne Part
1 SAR                             ICAO
  Search and Rescue
1 ATM                             SRC-RTF         The aggregation of functions, comprising
  Air Traffic Management                          variously those of ATS, ASM, ATFM including
                                                  their interacting airborne functional
                                                  capabilities, required to ensure the safe and
                                                  efficient movement of aircraft during all
                                                  phases of flight.
1   ATM system                    SRC-RTF         ATM system is a part of ANS system
    Air Traffic Management System Eurocontrol CSD composed of a Ground Based ATM
                                  ref.            component and an Airborne ATM component
                                  FCO.ET1.ST02.
                                  DEL01
1   Ground Part
1   Airborne Part
1   AIS
    Aeronautical Information
    [Service]
1   MET
    Meteorological [Service]
1   Air Navigation Service        EATMS           Is generic term describing the totality of
                                  Common System services provided in order to ensure the
                                  Analysis Model safety, regularity and efficiency of air
                                  and Terminology navigation and the appropriate functioning of
                                  Compendium      air navigation system.
                                  IETF/DP/0043-
                                  Issue 1.0
                                  (04.03.1994)
                                  Eurocontrol
                                  Safety policy
1   CNS Service                   ed.1.0/95
                                  SRC-RTF         Service provided for the purpose of providing
                                                    communication, navigation, or surveillance
                                                    capability for use in the provisions of ANS
1 CNS Service provider            SRC-RTF           An organisation responsible and authorised to
                                                    provide CNS service
1 SAR                             ICAO
  Search and Rescue




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                                                                                    Glossary




1 ATM service                   SRC-RTF           A service for the purpose of ATM
1 ATM service provider          SRC-RTF           A organisation responsible and authorised to
                                                  provide ATM service(s)
1 ATM service Personnel         HEIDI             Persons assigned to perform operational
                                                  duties directly in connection with the provision
                                                  of the Air Management Services
1 Ground Part
1 ATS                           ICAO              A generic term meaning variously, flight
  Air Traffic Service                             information service, alerting service, air traffic
                                                  advisory service, air traffic control service
                                                  (area control service, approach control
                                                  service or aerodrome control service)
1 ATC                           ICAO              Air Traffic Control Service
  Air Traffic Control Service                     A service provided for the purpose of :
                                                  a) preventing collisions
                                                  1) between aircraft; and
                                                  2) on the manoeuvring area between aircraft
                                                  and obstructions; and
                                                  b) expediting and maintaining an orderly flow
                                                  of traffic
1 FIS                           ICAO              A service provided for the purpose of giving
  Flight Information Service                      advice and information useful for the safe and
                                                  efficient conduct of flights.
1 Advisory Service              ICAO              A service provided within advisory airspace to
                                                  ensure separation, in so far as practical,
                                                  between aircraft which are operating on IFR
                                                  flight plans.
1 ALRS                          ICAO              A service provided to notify appropriate
  Alerting Service                                organisations regarding aircraft in need of
                                                  search and rescue aid and assist such
                                                  organisations as required.
1 ASM                           Eurocontrol ASM   Is a generic term covering any management
  Airspace Management           Handbook          activity provided for the purpose of achieving
                                ASM.ET1.ST08.     the most efficient use of airspace based on
                                5000-HBK-01-00    actual needs and where possible, avoiding
                                                  permanent airspace segregation.
1 ATFM                          Eurocontrol ASM   Is a generic term covering any management
  Air Traffic Flow Management   Handbook          activity provided for the purpose of ensuring
                                ASM.ET1.ST08.     an optimum flow of traffic to or through areas
                                5000-HBK-01-00    during times when demand exceeds the
                                                  available capacity of the system.
1 Airborne Part
1 AIS
  Aeronautical Information
  Service




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                                                                              Glossary




1 MET
  Meteorological Service
1 CNS/ATM                  SRC-RTF         The aggregation of functions used in provision
                                           of ATM and CNS services
1 Regulation               ATM 2000+       The adoption, enactment and implementation             Note:- Proposed ATM 2000+ definition for "regulation".
                           Strategy        of rules for the achievement of stated                 Ref.:- Causes in that category would include (refer to HEIDI
                                           objectives by those to whom the regulatory             taxonomy) inadequate regulatory standards, certification
                                           process applies.                                       standards) as well as inadequate or lack of safety regulatory
                                                                                                  requirements
1 Regulatory activities    EUROCONTRO The setting of rules and policy and the
                           L HEIDI    oversight of compliance of organisations
                                      providing ATM services.
1 Approval process         ATM 2000+  A process by which an authorised body,                      Note:- Proposed ATM 2000+ definition for "certification".
                           Strategy   acting within a legislative framework, gives                Ref.:- Causes in that category would include (refer to HEIDI
                                      formal recognition that a product, process or               taxonomy) inadequate regulatory procedures, inspections,
                                      service conforms to applicable safety                       monitoring, surveillance, audit and checks) as well as poor
                                      regulatory requirements.                                    regulatory oversight and wrong application of the requirements.
1 Responsibility           SRC        The Safety Management System (SMS) shall

                                           - Ensure that a safety management function is
                                           identified with organisational responsibility for
                                           development and maintenance of the Safety
                                           Management System (SMS)
                                           - Ensure that this point of responsibility is,
                                           wherever possible, independent of line
                                           management, and accountable directly to the
                                           highest organisational level
                                           - Ensure that, in the case of small
                                           organisations where combination of
                                           responsibilities may prevent sufficient
                                           independence in this regard, the
                                           arrangements for safety assurance are
                                           supplemented by additional independent
                                           means
                                           - Ensure that the highest level of service the
                                           service provider organisation plays a general
1 Area Navigation,         ICAO,           A method of navigation which permits aircraft
  RNAV                     Annex 11        operation on any desired flight path within the
                                           coverage of station-referenced navigation
                                           aids or within the limits of the capability of self-
                                           contained aids, or a combination of these




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                Glossary




1 Environment              Note from GLG: we thought of removing this term but may be
                           something has to be kept as environment is used thereafter)
                           ATM perspective: External events (*) i.e. that has its origins
                           distinct from the ATM System This is the highest level of external
                           events. Therefore the borders of the ATM System have to be
                           carefully determined to ensure the highest level is being
                           addressed.
                           Aircraft perspective: External events i.e. that has its origins
                           distinct from the aircraft and aircraft operations




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