WI Safe Vehicle Operations Procedure by jqlq3K

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									                        WAUKESHA FIRE DEPARTMENT – PROCEDURE
SUBJECT:   SAFE VEHICLE OPERATIONS
PROCEDURE NUMBER:      OP-15               REFERENCE POLICY NUMBER:                      OP-14
APPROVED BY: Executive Staff               REVISION NUMBER:  1
EFFECTIVE DATE: 03/01/06                   EXPIRATION DATE:  03/01/09
                                                                                              PAGE 1 OF 6


          I. Applicability of rules of the road to authorized emergency vehicles, as described in
             ss346.03 and rewritten here in A, B, C & D
               A. The operator of an authorized emergency vehicle, when responding to an
                  emergency call or when in the pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the
                  law or when responding to but not upon returning from a fire alarm, may exercise
                  the privileges set forth in this section, but subject to the conditions stated in subs.
                  B to E.
               B. The operator of an authorized emergency vehicle may
                    1. Stop, stand or park, irrespective of the provisions of this chapter.
                    2. Proceed past a red or stop signal or stop sign, but only after slowing down as
                       may be necessary for safe operation.
                    3. Exceed the speed limit.
                    4. Disregard regulations governing direction of movement or turning in specified
                       directions.
               C. The exemption granted the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle by sub.
                  B 1 applies only when the operator of the vehicle is giving visual signal by means
                  of at least one flashing, oscillating, or rotating red light except that the visual
                  signal given by a marked police vehicle may be by means of a blue light and a
                  red light which are flashing, oscillating or rotating. The exemption granted by
                  sub. B 2, 3, and 4 apply only when the operator of the emergency vehicle is
                  giving both such visual signal and also an audible signal by means of a siren.
               D. The exemptions granted the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle by this
                  section do not relieve such operator from the duty to drive with due regard under
                  the circumstances for the safety of all persons nor do they protect such operator
                  from the consequences of his/her reckless disregard for the safety of others.
               E. Under state law, drivers and operators of vehicles will be held responsible and
                  accountable for their driving actions or in-actions; Emergency Vehicle Officers,
                  along with the Driver/Operator, will also be held administratively responsible and
                  accountable for explicit compliance with the policy and procedure for Safe
                  Vehicle Operations.
          II. General
               A. All vehicles shall be operated in compliance with all traffic laws, including those
                  dealing with emergency vehicles.
               B. All Waukesha Fire Department personnel must possess a valid motor vehicle
                  operator's license to drive emergency vehicles.
               C. Any employee whose license has been changed, revoked, suspended or
                  otherwise disqualified, must immediately notify his/her Company Officer and

http://www.ci.waukesha.wi.us/dept/fire/
                        WAUKESHA FIRE DEPARTMENT – PROCEDURE
SUBJECT:   SAFE VEHICLE OPERATIONS
PROCEDURE NUMBER:      OP-15               REFERENCE POLICY NUMBER:                     OP-14
APPROVED BY: Executive Staff               REVISION NUMBER:  1
EFFECTIVE DATE: 03/01/06                   EXPIRATION DATE:  03/01/09
                                                                                            PAGE 2 OF 6

                    refrain from operating motor vehicles. The Company Officer shall notify the Shift
                    Commander immediately.
               D. Employees must notify their Company Officer immediately of any citation for any
                  moving violation received while operating a city-owned vehicle. The Company
                  Officer shall notify the Shift Commander immediately.
               E. Any employee who is suffering from a physical condition or taking medication
                  that would adversely affect his/her ability to safely operate a motor vehicle, must
                  notify the Company Officer immediately and refrain from driving. The Company
                  Officer must evaluate the employee's fitness for duty and take action as needed.
                  The Company Officer shall notify the Shift Commander immediately.
               F. Fire/Rescue vehicles shall be operated only by members who are trained and
                  certified in the proper operation. Drivers/operators shall meet the requirements
                  specified in the driver/operator training requirements as established by the
                  Training Division.
               G. Drivers of Fire Department apparatus shall be directly responsible for safe
                  operation under all conditions. When the driver is under the direct supervision of
                  an officer, then the officer shall also assume responsibility for the actions of the
                  driver.
               H. Vehicles shall not move until all personnel are seated and secured with seat
                  belts.
                    1. Except under the circumstances in which compliance could endanger the
                       safety of the operator or another. Also exempt are persons who, because of
                       a physical or medical condition, cannot be properly restrained in a safety belt.
                    2. These exemptions are granted under ss347.48 (2m)(dm) and ss347-48
                       (2m)(c).
                    3. This shall be interpreted by this department to mean if an acceptable level of
                       patient care cannot be provided while wearing seat belts or safety harnesses,
                       these devices may be removed; And if restraining a patient will prevent an
                       acceptable level of care, restraints may be removed.
               I. Personnel are not permitted to get on or off moving apparatus.
               J. Headlights must be used from dusk to dawn, during emergency response driving
                  (any priority) and whenever windshield wipers are used.
               K. Any vehicle with a brake limiting valve, frequently labeled as a "wet/dry road"
                  switch will ALWAYS have the switch in the "dry road" position.
               L. Due to ground clearances and the weight of apparatus, vehicles should not be
                  taken off of hard driving surfaces. If it is imperative to do so, and the terrain has
                  been scouted to ensure it will support the apparatus, then the vehicle may be
                  driven off road, at the discretion of the Incident Commander.

http://www.ci.waukesha.wi.us/dept/fire/
                        WAUKESHA FIRE DEPARTMENT – PROCEDURE
SUBJECT:   SAFE VEHICLE OPERATIONS
PROCEDURE NUMBER:      OP-15               REFERENCE POLICY NUMBER:                      OP-14
APPROVED BY: Executive Staff               REVISION NUMBER:  1
EFFECTIVE DATE: 03/01/06                   EXPIRATION DATE:  03/01/09
                                                                                             PAGE 3 OF 6

                    1. Prior to going off the road surface, a ground guide will dismount and walk
                       ahead and to the drivers side to watch for stumps, wire fence, soft ground,
                       holes, large rocks, etc., to prevent damage to vehicle and to prevent it from
                       getting stuck.
                    2. If personnel are available, a second ground guide should be assigned to the
                       rear of the vehicle, on the drivers' side of the vehicle, to monitor obstacles and
                       clearances.
                    3. Excessive wear and damage to vehicle chassis and component parts can
                       result from rough handling or overtaxing the vehicle.
                    4. Valuable time can be lost while trying to maneuver the vehicle through areas
                       better suited to hand crews or brush trucks.
                    5. Bridges may not be sturdy enough to support vehicle weight.
                    6. Special care must be used on hills (Approach perpendicular to slope).
                    7. The use of railroad beds and shoulders for access is dangerous and can
                       result in damage to tires and vehicles, along with injury to fire fighters. There
                       is danger from collapsing shoulders of the roadbeds, cross-ties, trestles, and
                       approaching trains.
          III. Drivers
               A. Drivers must ensure that all tools, appliances, equipment, hose, caps,
                  compartment doors, passenger doors and cargo are secured to prevent
                  accidents, injuries, or loss before the unit is placed in motion.
               B. To avoid contact with overhead doors, personnel will never:
                    1. Move the vehicle into an overhead door opening when the door is still moving
                       up or down.
                    2. Park a vehicle in an overhead door opening.
                    3. Activate an overhead door when a vehicle is in the door opening.
                    4. Activate an overhead door from any position which precludes full view of the
                       vehicle and the door either by the activating party or an observer.
               C. Drivers must identify the response route prior to initiating a response.
               D. Drivers must be aware of the running routes of units responding to an incident
                  and be alert for other units that are responding.
               E. Drivers must be aware of areas that require special consideration, such as dips,
                  hills, high traffic flow, and intersections. Consideration should be given to
                  alternate routes of travel during high usage time of day.
               F. Vehicle operators must be aware of the height, weight and ground clearance

http://www.ci.waukesha.wi.us/dept/fire/
                        WAUKESHA FIRE DEPARTMENT – PROCEDURE
SUBJECT:   SAFE VEHICLE OPERATIONS
PROCEDURE NUMBER:      OP-15               REFERENCE POLICY NUMBER:                     OP-14
APPROVED BY: Executive Staff               REVISION NUMBER:  1
EFFECTIVE DATE: 03/01/06                   EXPIRATION DATE:  03/01/09
                                                                                           PAGE 4 OF 6

                    limitations for their vehicles. Tight Clearance situations must be avoided
                    whenever possible. When tight clearance situations are encountered, the officer
                    must dismount and guide the driver.
               G. Emergency vehicles should not exceed the posted speed limit by more than 10
                  mph, if weather and road conditions safely permit.
               H. Emergency vehicles, when proceeding through intersections with a green light,
                  should not exceed the posted speed limit with foot off the accelerator hovering
                  over the brake with the capability to stop if necessary.
               I. Emergency vehicles should come to a complete stop at all red lights, stop signs,
                  and uncontrolled railroad crossings. Prior to proceeding through the intersection
                  or over railways, emergency vehicle drivers should visually account for all lanes
                  of traffic.
               J. Emergency vehicles should slow and not exceed the posted speed limits set for
                  active school zones or construction safe speed zones when responding through
                  these high hazard areas. Emergency vehicles should also come to a complete
                  stop when approaching a school bus loading/unloading and construction flagger's
                  stop sign and only proceed with caution once clearance is given and assured.
               K. When traffic conditions require emergency vehicles to travel in oncoming traffic
                  lanes, the maximum speed should not exceed 20 mph.
                    1. Last resort only with no other alternate routes.
                    2. Use extreme caution when approaching blind turns (less than 20 mph).
                    3. Complete stop required at controlled intersections regardless of light status.
               L. When emergency vehicles must use turn lanes to approach controlled
                  intersections, they should come to a complete stop before turning or proceeding
                  straight through the intersection regardless of light status.
               M. Road surface conditions, weather conditions, and any other variables that may
                  adversely impact the safe transport of personnel and equipment, the motoring
                  public or pedestrians should be the determining factors for emergency vehicle
                  drivers to consider foremost when responding emergency.
               N. Drivers should always try to maintain a cushion of safety around their vehicle -
                  regardless of traffic conditions.
               O. Maintain a safe following distance (4 seconds if your speed is below 40 mph and
                  one additional second for each 10 mph above 40 mph).
               P. Operators must never drive at night at a speed greater than that which will permit
                  the vehicle to come to a complete stop within the forward distance illuminated by
                  the vehicle's headlights.
               Q. Pedestrians must always be given the right of way.

http://www.ci.waukesha.wi.us/dept/fire/
                        WAUKESHA FIRE DEPARTMENT – PROCEDURE
SUBJECT:   SAFE VEHICLE OPERATIONS
PROCEDURE NUMBER:      OP-15               REFERENCE POLICY NUMBER:                   OP-14
APPROVED BY: Executive Staff               REVISION NUMBER:  1
EFFECTIVE DATE: 03/01/06                   EXPIRATION DATE:  03/01/09
                                                                                          PAGE 5 OF 6

               R. Vehicles emerging from an alley, driveway or building must stop immediately
                  prior to driving onto a sidewalk or roadway and must yield the right-of-way to
                  pedestrians and other vehicles.
               S. No emergency vehicle shall pass another emergency vehicle responding to an
                  incident.
               T. Apparatus shall be parked in such a manner as not to hinder traffic any more
                  than necessary and be consistent with safe operations.
               U. Vehicles may be parked in fire lanes or other unconventional spaces during
                  emergency incidents or during fire prevention activities when other spaces are
                  not available. Regular parking spaces must be used at all other times.
               V. Apparatus with air-brake systems MUST have the parking brake set prior to
                  exiting apparatus. It is recommended to set parking brakes on all other
                  apparatus as well. Wheel chocks will be used when engaging pumps or PTO's
                  and when parking on inclines (ambulances will use parking brakes on inclines).
               W. When fueling apparatus, the ignition must be off and all smoking material
                  extinguished.
          IV. Backing - Drivers must back their vehicles safely.
               A. A ground guide will be used to back all vehicles (except light vans, cars, and
                  pick-ups without trailers).
               B. The ground guide will be positioned on the drivers side and to the rear of the
                  vehicle.
               C. The driver will maintain visual and voice contact with the ground guide at all
                  times. If visual contact is lost, the driver will immediately stop until it is
                  reestablished.
               D. The ground guide will make a visual inspection behind and above the vehicle,
                  prior to backing, to identify any obstructions.
               E. The ground guide will use standard hand signs.
                    1. O.K. to Back - Two hands extended straight out in front of the body and
                       retracted toward the shoulders repeatedly while giving the proper verbal
                       command (i.e. Back, Back; or Slow, Slow.
                    2. Stop - Both hands clasped in front of the face with a "stop" verbal command.
               F. Ambulances will be driven forward into the hospital bays and backed out with a
                  ground guide.
               G. If a driver MUST back a vehicle and no department personnel are available,
                  he/she should obtain qualified backing assistance (i.e. Police Officer, Shop
                  mechanics, etc.). If no assistance is available, the driver must dismount and
                  check around and above the entire vehicle to ensure that the vehicle can be
http://www.ci.waukesha.wi.us/dept/fire/
                        WAUKESHA FIRE DEPARTMENT – PROCEDURE
SUBJECT:   SAFE VEHICLE OPERATIONS
PROCEDURE NUMBER:      OP-15               REFERENCE POLICY NUMBER:                  OP-14
APPROVED BY: Executive Staff               REVISION NUMBER:  1
EFFECTIVE DATE: 03/01/06                   EXPIRATION DATE:  03/01/09
                                                                                         PAGE 6 OF 6

                    backed in a safe manner.
               H. When backing into a station, the vehicle will be stopped with the exhaust inside
                  the building to attach the plymovent and then complete the backing operation.
          V. Riders
               A. All persons riding on the apparatus shall be secured to the vehicle by seat belts
                  any time the vehicle is in motion. Standing while riding is strictly prohibited.
               B. Riding on the tailboard is strictly prohibited.
               C. Personnel riding in the jumpseats shall wear their helmets and eye protection at
                  all times when the vehicle is in motion. This does not apply to fully enclosed
                  vehicles.
               D. Riders shall not attempt to put on protective clothing, including SCBA, while the
                  vehicle is in motion. When donning protective clothing for response, you shall
                  stand in view of the driver and don boots, pants, and coat prior to boarding
                  apparatus.
          VI. Equipment
               A. All equipment carried on Fire/Rescue vehicles shall be tested in accordance with
                  manufacturer specifications.
               B. Any equipment found to be defective or inoperable shall be removed from the
                  vehicle until replaced or properly repaired.
               C. The vehicle operator shall be responsible for all equipment on his/her vehicle
                  unless following a superior officer's orders.




http://www.ci.waukesha.wi.us/dept/fire/

								
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