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PRODUCTION-PLANNING

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					    PRODUCTION-PLANNING
        AND CONTROL

Production planning and control is the organizing
and planning of manufacturing activities/ process
by
 way of routing scheduling dispatching ,
inspection
and follow-up

PRODUCTION:-
Conversion of raw material in to a
product
Creation of service facilities
Extension of service facilities
-
             PLANNING


►Looking   forward-
► - In Financial terms


►-   In Quantity terms

►-In   H.R. terms
  Objectives of production planning
             and control
► Timely  supply and movement of raw
  materials.
► Timely deployment of required operating
  staff at required level.
► Maximum and effective utilization of
  machine hour.
► Timely dispatch of products at the directed
  destination.
  Functions of Production Planning

► Co-ordination of production activities with
  other related departments.
► Careful timing of inter-related activities.
► Achieving the most economical combination
  of resources.
► Reducing the cost of production.
► Dispatching the product.
    Function production control
► Co-ordinates  production information and
  production inputs.
► Directs and checks the progress of works
► Closing production activities after desired
  out put is obtained.
► Relieve the hired personnel.
    TYPES OF PRODUCTION PLAN

► Production  plan relating to sales quantity
► Production plan relating to methods/
   process.
  *Production plan relating to timing of
  individual production operation and process.
     FACTORS INFLUENCING
   COMPLEXITY/ SIMPLICITY OF
       PRODUCTION PLAN

► Complexity:-
► Number   of parts.
► Number of operations.
► Mutual dependence of process.
► Variation in the capacity of machines.
► Number of sub assembly.
► Number of orders.
► Adherence of delivery schedule.
               SIMPLICITY
► Repetitive nature of work.
► Process and machines are aligned.
► Method of operation not varying.
► Assembly of parts requires no special skills.
► Date of completion /dispatch not fixed
► Balance of production.
                 ROUTING
► Routing is a production planning function based on
  time studies, work simplification, analysis of
  operation, tool planning and designing.
► Functions of routing:
► 1. Study of product, alternative methods ,select
  best method of mfg.
► 2.Determining the equipment and the place where
  processing will be done
► 3. Determine capacity of machines.
► 4. 2.Determining the sequence of operation.
                     Contd.
► 5. Determining the speed of operation
► 6. Determining the time required for each
  operation.
► 7. Prepare route sheet.
► 8. Grouping of route sheet and preparing Master
  route sheet.
► 9. Preparing work order for authorizing production
  as per work sheet.
► 10. Adopting procedure for dispatch of product.
        Contents of route sheet.
► (i)  The name of the part.
► (ii) Manufacturing order number.
► (iii) Material to be used.
► (iv) Operation to be performed.
► (v) Machine on which operation will be       done.
► (vi) Tools to be used.
► (vii) Time taken and inspection report about
  acceptable and unacceptable product.
                SCEDULING
► Scheduling   is the determination of time for
  starting and finishing operations. It deals with the
  amount of work to be done on individual operation
  and operation in totality.
  Procedure for scheduling.
► It involves the working schedule on the each
  machines. The operation is first defined and
  master route sheet is pre pared.
► The route sheet deals – how aspect of production
► The scheduling determines – when aspect of
  production.
       Steps of scheduling.
► 1. The product delivery date to the
  customer is kept in mind.
► 2. The listing out various operations.
► 3. The machine required for particular
  operation.
► 4. The time required at each machine.
► 5. Preparation of machine load chart i.e.
  machine hour available and it’ utilization.
    Scheduling Vs Automation
► Scheduling is relevant in context of batch
 process. Because various steps on various
 machines are performed.
► In automatic process designing of
 production system takes care of routing and
 scheduling phenomenon.
THE END

				
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