Production planning and control is the organizing
and planning of manufacturing activities/ process
way of routing scheduling dispatching ,
Conversion of raw material in to a
Creation of service facilities
Extension of service facilities
► - In Financial terms
►- In Quantity terms
►-In H.R. terms
Objectives of production planning
► Timely supply and movement of raw
► Timely deployment of required operating
staff at required level.
► Maximum and effective utilization of
► Timely dispatch of products at the directed
Functions of Production Planning
► Co-ordination of production activities with
other related departments.
► Careful timing of inter-related activities.
► Achieving the most economical combination
► Reducing the cost of production.
► Dispatching the product.
Function production control
► Co-ordinates production information and
► Directs and checks the progress of works
► Closing production activities after desired
out put is obtained.
► Relieve the hired personnel.
TYPES OF PRODUCTION PLAN
► Production plan relating to sales quantity
► Production plan relating to methods/
*Production plan relating to timing of
individual production operation and process.
COMPLEXITY/ SIMPLICITY OF
► Number of parts.
► Number of operations.
► Mutual dependence of process.
► Variation in the capacity of machines.
► Number of sub assembly.
► Number of orders.
► Adherence of delivery schedule.
► Repetitive nature of work.
► Process and machines are aligned.
► Method of operation not varying.
► Assembly of parts requires no special skills.
► Date of completion /dispatch not fixed
► Balance of production.
► Routing is a production planning function based on
time studies, work simplification, analysis of
operation, tool planning and designing.
► Functions of routing:
► 1. Study of product, alternative methods ,select
best method of mfg.
► 2.Determining the equipment and the place where
processing will be done
► 3. Determine capacity of machines.
► 4. 2.Determining the sequence of operation.
► 5. Determining the speed of operation
► 6. Determining the time required for each
► 7. Prepare route sheet.
► 8. Grouping of route sheet and preparing Master
► 9. Preparing work order for authorizing production
as per work sheet.
► 10. Adopting procedure for dispatch of product.
Contents of route sheet.
► (i) The name of the part.
► (ii) Manufacturing order number.
► (iii) Material to be used.
► (iv) Operation to be performed.
► (v) Machine on which operation will be done.
► (vi) Tools to be used.
► (vii) Time taken and inspection report about
acceptable and unacceptable product.
► Scheduling is the determination of time for
starting and finishing operations. It deals with the
amount of work to be done on individual operation
and operation in totality.
Procedure for scheduling.
► It involves the working schedule on the each
machines. The operation is first defined and
master route sheet is pre pared.
► The route sheet deals – how aspect of production
► The scheduling determines – when aspect of
Steps of scheduling.
► 1. The product delivery date to the
customer is kept in mind.
► 2. The listing out various operations.
► 3. The machine required for particular
► 4. The time required at each machine.
► 5. Preparation of machine load chart i.e.
machine hour available and it’ utilization.
Scheduling Vs Automation
► Scheduling is relevant in context of batch
process. Because various steps on various
machines are performed.
► In automatic process designing of
production system takes care of routing and