?tymology of ?ames

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					            name        usage                 etymology                     history
                        ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ            protector of man              The name’s popularity
                        (ALEXANDROS) Greek                                  was spread throughout
                        ALEX/ALIX/ALEC/LEX    From Αλέξανδρος               the Greek world by the
                        English, German       (Alexandros), a compound      conquests of Alexander
                        Sander                of the Gr. verb αλέξω         III the Great.
                        German, Dutch,        (alexo) ‘’to defend’’, ‘’to   The name has been used
            Alexander   Scandinavian          hold off’’ and the noun       by kings of Scotland,
                        XANDER German         ανδρός (andros), genitive     Poland and Yugoslavia,
                        LEKA Albanian         of (aner) ’man’.              emperors of Russia, and
                        ESKENDER                                            eight popes.
                        ISKANDER Arabic
                        XANDRE Catalan
                        ALISSANDRU Sicilian
                        OLEK Polish
                        ALECU Romanian
                        LISANDRO Spanish
            Alexandra   Xandra
            (fem)       Olesia, Ola
                        Lexy, Lexa
          name      usage                etymology               history
ANDREW              ΑΝΔΡΕΑΣ Greek        "manly" and strong      St. Andrew (feast
ANDREAS             ANDRÉ French,                                day Nov. 30)
                    Portuguese            from the Greek name    Saint Andrew is
                    ANDREA Italian,      Ανδρέας (Andreas),      regarded as the
                                         from andreios ‘manly’   patron of Scotland,
          Andreas   ANDERS Danish,
                                                                 Russia, Greece and
                    Norwegian,                                   Romania.
                    ANDRÁS Hungarian                             In the New
                    ANDREI Russian,                               Testament
                    Romanian                                      the apostle
                    ANDREY Bulgarian                              Andrew
                    ANDRZEJ or                                   was the first to join
                    JEDRZEJ Polish                               Jesus.
                                                                 to tradition,
                    Andrea                                       he preached in the
                    Audrey                                       Black Sea region,
                                                                 with some legends
          Andrea    Etheldreda, Ethel,
                    Audie, Audra,                                saying he was
          (fem)     Andy                                         crucified on an X-
                    Andre                                        shaped cross.
                    Ann, Anna
ANGEL       name      usage                 etymology             history
EVANGELOS             ANGELOS               Messenger             Angels are
                      EVANGELOS Greek                             messengers of God
            Angelos   ANGELO,
                                            from the Greek word   in the Hebrew Bible
                                                                  (translating ,)‫מלאך‬
                                            ἄγγελος - angelos
                      ANGIOLO                                     the New Testament
                      Italian                                     and the Quran.
                      ÁNGEL Spanish
                                            possibly related to
                      ANXO: Galician-       angaros "mounted      It has never been
                      Portuguese            courier,              very common in the
                      ANZHELO Bulgarian                           English-speaking
                      ENGJELL: Albanian     Latin masculine       world, where it is
                      ENGEL German          angelus =name of      sometimes used as a
                      ÁNXEL Austrian        the heavenly          feminine name in
                                            creature              modern times. It is
                      EVANGELUS                                   also used in Bulgaria
                      L. form of Gr.
                      Evangelos meaning
                      "good angel" or
                                            good news'
                      "good messenger’’
            Angela    Αγγελική, Aggelikē,
                      Angelica, or
            (fem.)    Αγγέλα, Aggéla,
                      Ángela, Ángeles,
                      ENGIE English
                      ENZA Italian
                      EVA, EVIE
                      ANUSHKA, Russian
                      ANUSIA, Polish
                      ANUSKA, Czech
                      ANYSSA, NIC
        name       usage               etymology                          history
                   ΒΑΣΙΛΕΙΟΣ           royal, kingly                      St Basil The Great
        Basil      VASSILIOS Greek                                         (feast day 1st of January )
                   BASILE French       from the Greek βασιλεύς            is the Greek Santa Claus.
                   BASILIUS German     (basileus), meaning "king.
                   BASILIO Italian,                                       He was Bishop of Caesarea
                   Galician, Spanish   Male Greek name Vassilios          in Cappadoccia and an
                   BASILEO Galician    and words basilica and             influential 4th century
                   VASIL Bulgarian     basilisk (via Latin), as well as   theologian.
                   Albanian            the eponymous herb derive.         He was very thin with black
                                                                          beard. He is not the fat old
                                       In Arabic, the name means          man with the white beard
                                       "brave".                           and the red clothes from
                                                                          Finland. He was not
                                                                          married, he was monk. He
                                                                          did not have reindeers.
        Basiliki                                                          St Vasileios shared gifts
        (fem)                                                             generously. He is
                                                                          considered a saint
                                                                          in the traditions of both
                                                                          eastern and western
            name         usage                  etymology             history

DEMETRIUS                ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΣ,             devoted to,"          St. Demetrius of
            Demetrius,   DEMETRIOS Greek        "dedicated to, or     Thessaloniki is
            Demetrios,   JAMES , JIM, JIMMY
                                                "follower of
                                                Demeter, the Greek
                                                                      celebrated on
                                                                      October 26
            Dimitrios,   anglicized by Greek-   goddess of
                         Americans              agriculture           A Christian martyr,
            Demitri or   DIMI ~ JIMMY                                 who lived in the
                         DMITRI, DMITRY or      Gk. Damater, lit.     early 4th century.
            Dimitri      DMITRIY Slavic form    "Earth-Mother,"       During the Middle
                         DIMA, DIMKA,           from da, Doric form   Ages, he was refered
                         DIMOCHKA,              of Gk. ge "earth" +   as one of the most
                         DIMULYA                mater                 important Orthodox
                         MITYA, MITYAY,                               military saints, often
                         MIT'KA, MITEN'KA                             paired with St
                         Short forms                                  George.
                         MITRI, M ITRO
                         Finnish                                      The Serbian
            Demeter      DEMETRIO Italian,                            Orthodox Church
            (fem.)       Portuguese                                   reveres St.
                         DUMITRU, DIMITRIE                            Demetrius as Mitar,
                         Romanian                                     having a feast of
                         DMITRIY Hebrew                               Mitrovdan on 8
                                                                      He is known in
                                                                      Lebanon as Mar
                                                                      Dimitri or Mitri for
           name       usage              etymology            history

                      HERACLES           from Hēra, "Hera",   The son of Zeus
                      HERCULES           and kleos, "glory"   (Ζεύς) and Alcmene,
                      ÈRACLE Italian                          the greatest of the
                      HERACLE Romanian                        Greek heroes.
                      ERCULI Sicilian                         In Rome and the
                                                              modern West, he is
                                                              known as Hercules.
                                                              Many popular stories
                                                              were told of his life,
                                                              the most famous
                                                              being The Twelve
           Heracles                                           Labours of Heracles.

         name      usage                  etymology               history

                   ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΣ/ΓΙΩΡΓΟΣ       Farmer / Earth-         St George
         George    (Georgios)                                     (memorial 23 April).
GEORGE             Greek
                                                                  a Roman soldier and
                   GJERGJ, JORGO          from the Greek          priest in the Guard
                   Albanian                                       of Diocletian who is
                                          word γεωργός
                   JURJ Arabic                                    venerated as a
                   GEÒRGI Bulgarian
                                           (georgos,              Christian martyr.
                   GEORG German           "farmer" lit.           He is immortalized in
                   GIORGIO Italian        "earth-worker"),        the tale of Saint
                   JERZY Polish           a compound of γῆ        George and the
                   JORGE Portuguese       (ge, "earth", "soil")   Dragon and he is
                   GHE ORGHE              and ἔργον (ergon,       regarded as one of
                   Romanian               "task".                 the most prominent
                   CIRCIS, CORC Turkish                           military saints.
                   JIŘÍ Czech                                     Saint George is the
         Georgia   JORIS/ SJORS Dutch                             patron saint of
         (fem.)                                                   Aragon, Catalonia,
                                                                  England, Ethiopia,
                                                                  Georgia, Greece,
                                                                  Lithuania, Palestine,
                                                                  Portugal, and Russia,
                                                                  as well as the cities
                                                                  Genoa, Ljubljana,
                                                                  Goz, Milan,
                                                                  Barcelona and
          name      usage              etymology           history

JOHN                Ιωάννης, IOANNIS   From Greek          John is the most
                    Greek              Ιωάννης, from the   popular name in
                    GIOVANNI Italian   Hebrew name         Greece.
                    JOHANN German      Yochanan meaning
                    JÁNOS Hungarian    "Yahweh is          John the Baptist
                    IVAN, JAN, JÁN,    gracious".          was a major religious
                    HONZA , JOVAN,                         figure who baptised
                    Slavic                                 Christ in the Jordan
                    ION , JOAN                             River.
                    Romanian                               John has been one of
                    EOIN Irish                             the saints most
          Ioannis   JUAN Spanish
                    JUO/JOANE (now
                                                           frequently appearing
                                                           in Christian art.
          John      JOÃO) and IVO
                    JEAN French
                    GJON, GJIN
           name     usage                  etymology              history

                    NIKOLLA, NIKOLLË,      derived from the Gr.   The Greek Orthodox
NIKOLAOS   Nickos   KOLL, KOL Albanian     Νικόλαος, Nikólaos,    Church - as well as
                    NIKOLAI KOLYA          a combination of the   the Roman Catholic
                    MIKOLA Belarusian      words for "victory"    Church - celebrates
                    NIKOLAY KOLYO          (νίκη; níkē) and       Saint Nicholas every
                    Bulgarian              "people" (λαός;        year on December 6
                    NICOLAU Catalan        laós).                 which is the name
                    MIKULÁŠ, NIKOLA        The name can be        day for "Nicholas“,
                    Czech                  understood to mean     Bishop of Myra,
                    Claus, Klaus, Niels,   victory of the         Defender of
                    NICOLAI, NICKLAUS,     people or "power of    Orthodoxy,
                    NIKOLAUS, NIKOLAJ,     the people". In        Wonderworker, Holy
                    NILAUS, NIS,           addition, "laos" or    Hierarch.
                    NARKOLARS,             "λαὸς" in Greek,       He had a reputation
                    NIKOLAS Danish         originates from the    for secret gift-giving,
                    LAUNO, NIILO,          word root "-las", as   such as putting coins
                    NIKLAS, NIKO           found in the word      in the shoes of those
           Nike     Finnish                "λα-τομεῑο" meaning    who left them out
           fem.     COLIN French,          "stone" or "rock".     for him, and thus
                    CLAUS, NIKO                                   became the model
                    German                                        for Santa Claus,
                    NIKOLAOS,                                     whose English name
                    NIKOLAS, NIKOS                                comes from the
                    NIKOLIS Greek                                 Dutch Sinterklaas.
                    NICCOLÒ Italian                                In Greece, the name
                    NIKKU, NIKKII,                                and its derivatives
                    NIKORASU Japanese                             are especially
                    NIELS Norwegian                               popular in maritime
                    MIKOŁAJ, MIK,                                 regions, as St.
                    MIKOLAJEK Polish                              Nicholas is
                    NICOLAU, NICOLAS                              considered the
                    Portuguese                                    protector saint of
                    NECULAI, NICOLAE,                             seafarers.
                    NICU, NICUȘOR,
                    NICULAE Romanian
           name         usage                etymology                history

ODYSSEUS                ὈΔΥΣΣΕΥΣ,            From the Gr. verb        Son of Laertes;
                        ODYSSEUS Greek,      odussomai                wisest Greek leader
                        German, Australian   (oδύσσομαι),             during the Trojan
                        ULIXES, ULYSSES      meaning "hate", [6]      War, and resposible
                        Latin                suggests that the        for the Trojan horse;
                        Olysseus (           name could be            king of Ithaca; hero
                        Oulixeus             rendered as "the         of the Iliad and
                        Oulixes              one who is               protagonist of the
                                             wrathful/hated".         Odyssey
                                             This interpretation is
                                             reinforced by
                                             Odysseus's and
                                             Poseidon's mutual
           or Ulysses
        name    usage              etymology           history

                                                       Simon Peter was a
PETER           ΠΕΤΡΟΣ (PETROS)    from the Greek      leader of the early
                Greek              word Πέτρος         Christian Church.
                PIERRE French      (petros) meaning    Ηe is venerated in
                PETRO, PJETËR,     "stone" or "rock"   multiple churches.
                PJETRI Albanian                        After working to
                BUΤRUS Arabic                          establish the church
                PETAR Bosnian                          of Antioch in Pontus,
                ПЕРЕ, ПЕРО                             Galatia, Cappadocia,
                Bulgarian                              Asia and Bithynia,
                PETER German                           Peter went to Rome.
                PEADAR Irish                           At the hand of Nero,
                PIETRO, PIERO                          he is said to have
        Peter   Italian                                been put to death.
                PĪTĀ Japanese                          29 June ιs the feast
                PIOTR Polish                           day of both Peter
                 PÊRO Portuguese                       and his brother Paul.
                PETRU Romanian
                PETROS Hebrew
         name     usage               etymology                     history

PHILIP            ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΣ            from the Greek Philippos      This was the name of five
                  PHILIPPOS Greek     (Φίλιππος), "lover of         kings of Macedon, including
                  FILIPE Portuguese   horses" or "friend of         Philip II the father of
                  FELIPE Spanish      horses".                      Alexander the Great.
                  FILIPPO Italian
                  PHIL American       From φίλος (philos) "lover"   Philip the Apostle in the New
                  PHILIP English      and ίππος (hippos) "horse".   Testament
                  PHYLYP Ukraine
                                                                    This name was initially more
                                                                    common among Eastern
                                                                    Christians, though it came to
         Philip                                                     the West by the Middle
                                                                    Ages. It was borne by six
                                                                    kings of France and five kings
                                                                    of Spain. It was regularly
                                                                    used in England during the
                                                                    Middle Ages, although the
                                                                    Spanish king Philip II, who
                                                                    attempted an invasion of
                                                                    England, helped make it less
                                                                    common by the 17th-
          name      usage     etymology             history


                    Artemis   The name could be     She was the
                              related to ‘αρτεμης   daughter of Zeus and
                              ("safe") or άρταμος   Leto and that she
                              ("a butcher").        was the twin sister
                                                    of Apollo.
                                                    She was the Hellenic
                                                    goddess of the hunt,
                                                    wild animals,
                                                    childbirth, virginity,
          Artemis                                   fertility, young girls
                                                    and disease in
                                                    women and often
                                                    was depicted as a
                                                    huntress carrying a
                                                    bow and arrows.
                                                    She was also
                                                    identified with the
                                                    Roman goddess
           name      usage      etymology             history

DESPOINA             Despoina   Gk. Δέσποινα,         In the myth,
           Despina   Despina    "miss", "damsel" or   Demeter was
                                "queen"               searching for her lost
                                                      Persephone when
                                                      Poseidon saw and
                                                      desired her. To avoid
                                                      him, she took the
                                                      form of a mare, but
                                                      he took the form of
                                                      a stallion and forced
                                                      his attentions on
                                                      her. From this union
                                                      Despina was born, as
                                                      was the fabulous
                                                      horse Arion.

                                                      Despoina was also
                                                      used as an epithet
                                                      for several
                                                      especially Aphrodite,
                                                      Demeter and

                                                      Despina: Neptune’s
          name        usage         etymology             history

DEMETER   Demeter     DEMETRIA      Gk. Damater, lit.     The goddess of the
                      DEMI          "Earth-Mother,"       harvest, who
                      DEMETRA       from da, Doric form   presided over grains,
                      CERES Roman   of Gk. ge "earth" +   the fertility of the
                                    mater.                earth, the seasons
                                    The name Demetrius    (personified by the
                                    means "son of         Hours), and the
                                    Demeter."             harvest. Though
                                                          Demeter is often
                                                          described simply as
                                                          the goddess of the
                                                          harvest, she
                                                          presided also over
                                                          the sanctity of
                                                          marriage, the sacre
          Demetrius                                       law, and the cycle of
                                                          life and death. She
          (masc.)                                         and her daughter
                                                          Persephone were
                                                          the central figures of
                                                          the Eleusinian
                                                          Mysteries that also
                                                          predated the
                                                          Olympian pantheon   .
        name    usage               etymology            history

HELEN            ἙΛΈΝΗ Greek        from the Gr Ἑλένη,   Saint Helena (Latin:
                HELENA              meaning 'light',     Flavia Iulia Helena
                ELENA, ELAINE,      'torch‘ and          Augusta) also known
                HELEN, HELLEN,      "beautiful           as Saint Helen,
                ELLEN English                            Helena Augusta or
                HELÉNE Hungary                           Helena of
                ELENA                                    Constantinople (ca.
                Slavic Spanish                           246/50 – 18 August
                Romanian Italian                         330) was the consort
                ALENA German,                            of Emperor
                Czech, Slavic                            Constantius, and the
        Helen   ALENKA Slovenian
                ALINA, ALYONA
                                                         mother of Emperor
                                                         Constantine I. She is
                Russian                                  traditionally credited
                ILEANA Romanian                          with finding the
                Spanish                                  relics of the True
                ILONA Hungarian,                         Cross.
                Finnish, Latvian
                JELENA Latvian,
                Croatian, Serbian
                OLENA Ukrainian
                YELENA Russian
            name   usage                 etymology              history

NICHOLINA          NIKOLINA,             from the Gr.           In Greek mythology,
                   NIKOLETA, NIKOL,      Νικόλαος, Nikólaos,    Nike (Greek Νίκη,
            Nike   NINA, NIKA            a combination of the   "Victory",
                   Bulgarian, Croatian   words for "victory"    pronounced [níːkɛː])
                   Czech                 (νίκη; níkē) and       was a goddess who
                   KLASINA, KLAZINA,     "people" (λαός;        personified victory
                   Dutch                 laos).                 throughout the ages
                   NIKOLINE Danish                              of the ancient Greek
                   NICOLE/COLETTE,                              culture. She is known
                   NICKY                                        as the Winged
                   English                                      Goddess of Victory.
                   COLINE French                                The Roman
                   NICOLE, NICOLA,                              equivalent was
                   German                                       Victoria.
                   NIKOLÉTA ΝIKOLÍNA
                   NIKOLET tHungarian
                   NICOLETTA, NICLA,
                   NICOLE, NICOLINA,
                   NICOLE Portuguese
                   NICOLINA, NICO
                   NIKOLIJA Serbian
                   NIKOLA Slovak
                   NIKA Slovene
                   NIKOLETTA, NICOLÁ
ZOE             ZOE, Italian          from Gk. ‘ζωή’ (zoe)   Zoodochos Pigi :
      Zoe       ZOE, ZOJA Polish,     "life"                 Well of life (zoe)
                ZOWIE Netherlands                            She was married to
                ZOE, ZOÍ, ZOË                                Exuperius, and they
                English                                      had two sons:
                Zoí, Zoé, Zoa, Zoë,                          Cyriacus and
                Zoey, Zooey, Zoee,                           Theodulus. The
                                                             whole family was
                                                             Christian, all slaves
                                                             of an illustrious
                                                             Roman named
                                                             Catullus, living in
                                                             Attalia, Asia Minor,
                                                             and for this they
      Zois                                                   were killed when
      (masc.)                                                they refused to
                                                             worship their
                                                             master's gods.

                                                             Orthodox nameday:
                                                             2/5 (not fixed)
            name        usage                   etymology             history

                        Petka, Paraskeva,       in Greek, literally   Greek: Aghia
            Paraskevi   Praskovia,              "Preparation" and     Paraskevi;
                        Praskovie, Pyatnitsa,   also the day of       Bulgarian: Света
                        Pyetka,                 preparation for       Петка Параскева
                        Paraskevoula,           Sabbath, "Friday")    Romanian: Sfânta
                        Paraschiva                                    Cuvioasă
                        Voula.                                        Parascheva;
                                                                      Russian: Святая
                                                                      Serbian: Света
                                                                      Петка Параскева

                                                                      Saint Paraskevi of
                                                                      Rome a Christian
                                                                      martyr of the 2nd
                                                                      century (feast day:
                                                                      July 26).
                                                                      She was born on a
         name usage                                                      etymology          history

                 ZOFIA Polish                                            from Gr. ‘σοφία’   "Sophia" means
                 CHOFA, FIFI, SOFÍA Spanish                              meaning            wisdom in Greek,
                 SOFFIA Icelandic Welsh                                  ΄wisdom’           and for this reason
                 SOFIA Romanian, Catalan, Finnish, German, Greek,                           this saint is often
                 Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Portuguese                                    regarded as a
                 SOFICITA Spanish                                                           personification of
                 SOFIE Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish                            the wisdom of God,
                 SOFIJA Slovene, Croatia, Latvian, Lithuanian, Serbian                      rather than an
                 SOFIYA Russian), Ukrainian                                                 actual person.
                 SOFYA Turkish                                                              Saint Sophia
                 SOHVI Finnish, Estonian                                                    had three
         Sofia   SOŇA Czech, Slovak
                 SONIA English, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
                                                                                            Faith, Hope and
                 SONJA Danish Finnish, German, Norwegian, Serbian                           Agape
                 Slovene, Swedish
                 SONJE German                                                               Hagia Sophia from
                 SONYA English Russian                                                      the Greek: Ἁγία
                 SOPHEAP Khmer                                                              Σοφία, "Holy
                 SOPHI Persian                                                              Wisdom"is a former
                 SOPHIAA Urdu                                                               Orthodox
                 SOPHIE Dutch, English , French, German                                     patriarchal basilica,
                 TZOPHIAH Hebrew                                                            later a mosque,
                 ZOCHA Polish                                                               now a museum in
                 ŽOFIA Slovak                                                               Istanbul, Turkey.
                 ŽOFIE Czech
                 ZOFIJA Slovene                                                             Orthodox name
                 ZOSIA, ZOCHA Polish                                                        day: 17/9
                 ZSÓFIA Hungarian
                 ZSÓFIKA Hungarian
           name        usage                  etymology                   history

THEODORA   Theodora    DORA English,
                                              Theodora fem. version of
                                              Theodoros, which is
                                                                          It was the name of
                                                                          several saints and
                       THÉODOR E French       derived from the Gr words   queens, including
                       FEODORA, FEDORA -      θέος or theos, meaning      Theodora, a 6th century
                       ФЕОДОРА, ФЕДОРА        "god" and δώρον or doron,   Byzantine
                       Russian                meaning "gift."             Empress honored as a
                       TEA Finnish, German                                saint in the early
                       Scandinavian,          Dorothy contains the same   Christian Church
                       Slovenian              word elements in reverse
                       TEDDI, TEDDIE,         order.
                       TEDDY English
                       TEODÓRA Hungarian
                       TEODORA Bulgarian,
                       Italian, Polish,
           Theodoros   Romanian, Spanish,
           (masc.)     Swedish
                       TEODORY Polish
                       THEA English,
                       German, Scandinavian
                       THEDA German
                       TODORKA Bulgarian

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