Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

الأفعال المساعدة المشروطة

VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 11

this book talk how to learn english

More Info
									                       Modal Auxiliaries




              What do we mean by Modal auxiliaries ?


                             !         " !    #$        %    & '() *
      1(.    2)     34 5         % 00 + ,        - "         (./   %
; ?         # @ A     34     @ > (= 00 6( 7       1(.       89 : ; < # $
D E / F, G ; & H ,000 B "          +   :C    @      - /#C 3?           @   ..




                           I A(        % J+(" C K( :

                                  Can

                                  Could


                              Had better

                                  May

                                  Might
                            Must

                           Ought to

                            Shall

                            Should

                             Will

                            Would


      LM ?< *N &       +    - 6,        : A(    : O* P# &
         + ",8 #       O           +$    8#$           Q*..



             **************************

                              R *              LM ?7    %


      F S"    5 2( 7                     ! U      N% F, T
      ?) 00 M - F B           (                    ! is-am-are


                             9 :

- 6      M @ U     V+ W X  N<Y                                ! U   N%
                        % V"
                 She-He-it-we-they-you-I
      %


             Can

            Could

          Had better

            May

            Might

            Must

          Ought to

            Shall

           Should

             Will

           Would

Z. 00 *    M @ U       V+ W     N<Y5 is-am-are

F is !+ # 1 O= N<Y5 she-he-it
      are N<Y5 we-they-you
            am N<Y5 I
                              + [:

       4, !. 9                                   \ s
' $&   A : \ she-he-it \      4, +( 1 I5               sO 6

                            \\\\\\\\=

                           F Y]7 !

                     He cans do it .
                      ( V+]      %

                           3$?5

                      He can do it


                              = [:

                   V$ 5 M -        M-          M-\   (^ _# ? ! O 6
           8 4, ` F - ! ` # ^ a Y .
         F   (^ `#N" O 6 cb    O
Q= F     ` 8 4, ing        ed        (.              A:9


                           \\\\\\\\\\\\=

                            9
                     He can does it
                          O

                      He can do it

          (^     _# ? ! O 6                4         d:Q can
                                9

                He would went to Taif.
                2M ] A( S%N+& F * %

                               O

                   He would go to Taif.

      (^       _# ? ! O 6           4      d:Q would




+ O+?6                     ! U          N% e / A , f ] & Fg :




                     **************

                                          >9


May-might !+ (. O./ 2( <, F, A                 Z6 O I5 %
    F B "          !. hE + 1@ i O I            5 !+ (.
                    _______________

                           Q=

             5 a$@    *Y   : 9 ; (& ! jI$5 '
         k    !+           5        !+=I$5 ' Y     %! :
                               ; (& !
                            Where is Salwa?

         P     ! 84        ,G    5Y    1% :Y %- W !*        ! :

                        She may be in her office.
                           $.    F .5 F O I

                            <9       /
                    She might be having lunch.
                        E        5   B ".

                              5; < /
                    Ask Noha, she might know.
                  Y&, T 5 F B " 0T 5 F !. A



        V+ W      # ,           8 W9 F . !     l    l *Y m
             84     C V+ W " G N %- W no ! O) ' *%

X ) #   N% m 7    !+:     may-might `N mQ. ! ! *Y pno ! O) F .
                 * 0 +* Z+ O I JM W X(* Q* X           ..
                      ____________________


                     !+ A , F    !+( 6 ! N%:
               1- 4 I ')   Fg ! X+ 1(. U present
                   2- O$   ! 1(. U . future

                        ___________________
                                  6 K+^ %
                              The negative form.



              (*     4, - "    6   K+^ F .5 not A , may might

                          3$? may not might not

                                     (= /

                             It might not be true.
                   I+I^ F . 9 F O I . present U# @     ! B`

I am not sure whether I can lend you any money .I may not have enough.
     U# @ i 0 6. G( 9 F !. 0        q + F V+] & , *Y '          )

no ! O) O l         l +* +r 1 Q* !+[ I      F !+     !+ =     5 $+$:     :9 %

                          _____________________

                                4     K+^ !
                         The past form of may-might


    s : !+    E / ! *Y        +r F * ) Y +=. X Y     ) k& 4      t+? 2+*
                                    4 ...

    % a+ $     4          ( " F A(     5       +   K+? m 7             O. /

                              May + have+ P.P




                              Might + have+ P.P
F . ) 9 b                    O 6 V@ , may might 1[00 q# + <, S :
        O 6 have               ! = = K+? [ %     *.


                                     (= /

     A- I wonder why Salem did not answer the phone?
              F 6( A( 1 & - 1       u K&.


             B- He may have been asleep.
       M F*F O I ! ( M F*X B " 4                                      ,)


                A- I cannot find my bag any where.
                 F. `         $+ : W F V] & 1 .


                B- You might haveleft in the shop.
                4     i OI      +* 5G OI ! )


                          - ?    34 A 5           * ..

                          ___________________

      O I       ! X 00      & X5 *     N% 00 O$          # - E W Fg
      K+?       O$           s I      U )     ( I E +/ ! 1(. F
     O .    (" A           F 9, `-     a+ $ U# @           K+^ Z6          %
           Q$        !+    E /s : +         :, ! 1(.          +6 ..
                                     (= /

    Take an umberrlla with you when you get out side.It might rain later.
                :9 ] 5 F O I+ v 7 - 5 +: ( G N<.

G      U# @     Z6     % K+? O$           F .& +    :C F mQ. f +& !               ,
                     O 6 ! # ? cb                  O 6 V4 .


                I may go to Irland to spent my coming holiday.
                   -   5B W, @)         , A , S% F O I ! .

# ? cb                    O 6 V4 G 0U# @           K+^ Z6 O$          A           ,
                                 O6 !.


      Ahmad may not come to the party tonight.He is not well.
         m   A( Z+      (+( (6I 5Y ! : F O I ! .
! # ? cb            O 6 V4 G 0 s I5 1 (6I F O$                            A
                       6 d:Q % 0O 6


                         _________________________

                           !+( 6( ; < 8     7 &, q %:


 + uN         k ( / Q=     u-k u (&Y u-Y l+/ G+] F        : Y 5      +:       :

                           May I borrow your pen?
                             G () + & F     O%


           m 7 &, % X 9, might 0 W #- may       Q 0        7 &, =*
                         Might I borrow your pen?
         +         Y e       !+    E         &    FC    ]   @      +: ..


                         You may leave the room.
                              K q 5 F V+] 5.


                             ________________

                                       ^Q7 :

* May -Might   Q< %           +    LM ?<                                     !   %
                                    P# .


             *O.         6( <, F, m 7 &C A             Z6   !+ (. ..


        *X     `N mQ. ! ! *Y pno ! O) $                         5 !+ (. ..


*O 6 ! # ? cb                       O6 %         K+? Z6 X O$         U# @    K+^
        O$    U# @                F * F, A       X( " f +& ! 1 6     9,.


                     * % 6        K+^ may not might not
               * % 4      K+^:

               May + have+ P.P




              Might + have+ P.P



          * !+( 6   7 5 F !. !
                + u-k    k (
+   Y e      !+ E      & FC ]     @   +: ..

								
To top