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					Outlining




Please keep these notes in your
“Writing” section
Outlining




See also section 3.0 of the Writing
Handbook on page 8
Outlines
• List of topics that you will cover in an
  essay
• In order
• Labeled according to level of specificity
• Indented according to level of specificity
• Incomplete sentences
Outline
I. Roman Numerals - Big, General Topics
       A. Capital Letters - Medium Concepts
             1. Arabic Numerals - Details
             2. Details
                   a. Lowercase Letters -
                      Specific Details
                   b. Specific Details
       B. Medium Concepts
II. Big Topics
Indenting
Notice how each level is indented 1/2
inch with a TAB?

If a line of text goes onto the second
line of the page, make sure that the
words of the second line start at the
same place as the words on the first
line.
Rules of Outlines
You cannot have an       II. Topic
“a” without a “b” or a      A. Category
“1” without a “2”. If           1. Fact
you only have one
thing to write, just            2. Fact
add it to the line                    a. detail
above.                          3. Fact
                                      a. detail
                                      b. detail
Other Rules of Outlines
Do not simply list    II. Topic
ideas, categorize        A. Category
them.                    B. Category
                         C. Category
You should not get       D. Category
above “E” or “F”
                         E. Category
                         F. Category
Group them instead.
                         G. Category
Other Rules of Outlines
As with the previous slide,   II. Topics
do not list small details         A. Category
and facts in a long list;             1. Fact
group them.
                                      2. Fact
                                      3. Fact
You should not get above
“7” or “8”                            4. Fact
                                      5. Fact
                                      6. Fact
                                      7. Fact
                                      8. Fact
                                      9. Fact
Try it out
On the back side of your notes, practice
 making an outline. The subject matter will
 be in the following pictures.

On the following slide, what do you see?

This will be a Roman Numeral item. It
 should be on the left margin.
How did you do?
Did you write
I. North America

Skip nine lines
Now pick two more similar items, and write
  them next to Roman Numeral II and III
Next Step
On the line below “I. North America”,
indent half an inch and put the next label.

Next to the label, write what you see in the
next picture.
How did you do?
Did you write
A. United States of America

Skip six lines
Now pick two more similar items, and write
  them next to Capital Letters B and C
Next Step
On the line below “A. United States of
America”, indent half an inch and put the
next label.

Next to the label, write what you see in the
next picture.
How did you do?
Did you write
1. California

Skip three lines
Now pick two more similar items, and write
  them next to Arabic Numerals 2 and 3
Next Step
On the line below “1. California”, indent
half an inch and put the next label.

Next to the label, write what you see in the
next picture.
How did you do?
Did you write
a. Los Angeles

Now pick two more similar items, and write
 them next to Lower Case Letters b and c
 What if you have more details?
 If you are writing a very long, fact-filled
 paper, you can indent one more level
 and use a dash.

a. Los Angeles
     - North Hollywood
     - Santa Monica
     - El Segundo
             Earth
I. North America
   A. United States
        1. California
              a. Los Angeles
              b. San Diego
              c. Sacramento
        2. New York
        3. Tennessee
   B. Mexico
   C. Honduras
II. Africa
II. Europe
For Homework
Make an Outline of a children’s story you
   know.
It should be 30-40 items long.
Use proper labels and indents.
Do not use complete sentences.
Be sure to show that you can use all four
   levels of outline items.
I.   Introduction
         A. Pigs move
                  1. first pig builds house of straw
                            a.dumb
                            b. lazy
                  2. second pig builds house of stick
                            a.dumb
                            b.lazy
                  3. third pig builds house of brick
                            a.smart
                            b.hard working
         B. Wolf
                  1. Big
                  2. Bad
                  3. Hungry
II. First Pig
         A. Wolf Arrives
                  1. Wants to eat pig
                  2. Pig lives in straw house
         B. Wolf requests entrance
                  1. Ņ  Little Pig, little Pig, let me inÓ
                  2. ŅNot bythe hair on my chinny, chin, chinÓ
         C. Wolf destroys house
                  1. Huff and puff
                  2. Blows house down
         D. Pig flees to second pigÕ house
                                        s
III. Second Pig
         A. Wolf Arrives
                  1. Wants to eat pig
                  2. Pig lives in stick house
         B. Wolf requests entrance
                  1. Ņ  Little Pig, little Pig, let me inÓ
                  2. ŅNot bythe hair on my chinny, chin, chinÓ
         C. Wolf destroys house
                  1. Huff and puff
                  2. Blows house down
         D. First and Second Pig flee to thirdpigÕshouse
IV. Third Pig
         A. Wolf Arrives
                  1. Wants to eat pig
                  2. Pig lives in brick house
         B. Wolf requests entrance
                  1. Ņ  Little Pig, little Pig, let me inÓ
                  2. ŅNot bythe hair on my chinny, chin, chinÓ
         C. Wolf canÕ destroy house
                        t
                  1. Huff and puff
                  2. Brick house still stands
V.Conclusion
         A. Wolf gets cooked
         B. Smart Pig lives

				
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