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					Simile- comparison expressed by the use of some word or phrase (like, as, than, similar
to, resembles, or seems)

You know you went off like a devil
In a church in the middle of a crowded room
    - “The Space Between” by Dave Matthews Band

She listens like spring and she talks like June
   - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train
Metaphor- comparison is not expressed but is created when a figurative term is
substituted for or identified with the literal term

What a wild-eyed beast you be
  - “The Space Between” by Dave Matthews Band

I was a lonely teenage broncin’ buck
With a pink carnation and a pickup truck
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean
Personification- human attributes are given to an animal, object, or concept

The day the music died
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean

Tell me, did the wind sweep you off your feet
    - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train
Symbolism- an image is intended both to stand on its own right and to attach meaning to
it

The love to tell you “stay inside the lines”
   - “No Such Thing” by John Mayer

Bye bye Miss American Pie
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean
Euphemism- a word or phrase used in place of a disagreeable or offensive term

I met a girl who sang the blues
And I asked her for some happy news
But she just smiled and turned away
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean

All of our parents, they’re getting older
    - “No Such Thing” by John Mayer
Hyperbole- a conscious overstatement for dramatic or comic effect

Can you imagine no first dance, freeze-dried romance?
   - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train

The space between
The bullets in our firefight
   - “The Space Between” by Dave Matthews Band
Apostrophe- a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman
is addressed as if it was alive and present and could reply
Irony- a situation or use of language involving some kind of discrepancy between
appearances and reality

Drove my Chevy to the levee but the levee was dry
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean

No angel born in hell
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean
Metonymy- a figure of speech in which some significant aspect or detail of an experience
is used to represent the whole experience

The space between
Your heart and mine
   - “The Space Between” by Dave Matthews Band

Faded white hats grabbing credits, maybe transfers
   - “No Such Thing” by John Mayer
Paradox- a statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth

We’re strange allies
With warring hearts
   - “The Space Between” by Dave Matthews Band

I met a girl who sang the blues
And I asked her for some happy news
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean
Oxymoron- a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief
phrase

While in our memories, tiny tragedies
   - “No Such Thing” by John Mayer
   -
Can you imagine no first dance, freeze-dried romance?
   - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train
Alliteration- the repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented
syllables or important words

These fickle, fuddled words confuse me
   - “The Space Between” by Dave Matthews Band

It’s been a while, where should
We begin
     - “My Sacrifice” by Creed
Assonance- repetition of vowel sounds

Tell me, did the wind sweep you off your feet?
    - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train

Did you finally get a chance to dance
   - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train
Consonance- a partial rhyme in which the consonant sounds are alike but the vowel
sounds are different
Onomatopoeia- the use of words that supposedly mimic their meaning in their sound

The rain that falls
Splash in your heart
   - “The Space Between” by Dave Matthews Band

But February made me shiver
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean
End Rhyme- rhymes that occur at the end of lines

Tell me, did you fall for a shooting star
One without a permanent scar
    - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train

I feel I never told you
The story of the ghost
That once I knew and talked to
Of whom I’d never boast
    - “Ghost” by Phish
Internal Rhyme- a rhyme in which one or both of the rhyme words occurs within the line

Did you finally get a chance to dance
   - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train

Drove my Chevy to the levee but the levee was dry
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean
Slant Rhyme- a term used for words in a rhyming pattern that have some kind of sound
correspondence but not perfect rhymes

Tell me, did the wind sweep you off your feet?
    - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train

Hello, my friend, we meet again
   - “My Sacrifice” by Creed
Exact Rhyme- two sounds correspond exactly

His answer came in actions
He never spoke a word
Or maybe I laid down the phone
Before he could be heard
   - “Ghost” by Phish

And tell me, did Venus blow your mind
Was it everything you wanted to find
- “Drops of Jupiter” by train
Rhyme Scheme- any fixed pattern of rhymes, characterizing a whole poem or its stanza.
It is commonly indicated by letters of the alphabet, each rhyming sound represented by a
different letter.

I feel I never told you
The story of the ghost
That once I knew and talked to
Of whom I’d never boast
For this was my big secret
How I’d get ahead
And never have to worry
I’d call him instead
    - “Ghost” by Phish
Refrain- a repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines, normally at some fixed position
in a poem written in stanza form

The space between
The tears we cry
…..
The space between
The wicked lies we tell
…..
The space between
The bullets in our firefight
…..
The space between
What’s wrong and right
…..
The space between
Your heart and mine
   - “The Space Between” by Dave Matthews Band

Bye bye Miss American Pie,
Drove my Chevy to the levee but the levee was dry
Them good ol’ boys were drinkin’ whiskey and rye,
Singing “This’ll be the day that I die,
This’ll be the day that I die.”
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean
Parallelism- repetition of words or phrases that have similar grammatical structures

She acts like summer and walks like rain
Reminds me that there’s time to change, hey, hey
Since the return from her stay on the moon
She listens like spring and she talks like June, hey, hey
   - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train

I want to run through the halls of my high school
I want to scream at the top of my lungs
I just found out there’s no such things as the real world
Just a lie you’ve got to rise above
    - “No Such Thing” by John Mayer
Cataloguing- listing of things, places, people, or events

Can you imagine no love, pride, deep-friend chicken
Your best friend always sticking up for you
Even when I know you’re wrong
Can you imagine no first dance, freeze-dried romance
Five-hour phone conversation
The best soy latte that you ever had
And me
   - “Drops of Jupiter” by Train

And in the streets the children screamed
The lovers cried and the poets dreamed
   - “American Pie” by Don McLean
Free verse- nonmetrical poetry in which the basic rhythmic unit is the line and in which
pauses, line breaks, and formal patterns develop organically from the requirements of the
individual poem rather than from established poetic forms

Hello my friend we meet again
It’s been a while where should
We begin… feels like forever
Within my heart are memories
Of perfect love that you gave to me
I remember
     - “My Sacrifice” by Creed
Tone- the writer or speaker’s attitude toward the subject, the audience, or himself or
herself; the emotional coloring or emotional meaning of a work. Tone can usually be
described in one word.

				
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