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Extensive Biological Research On The MORGELLONS CONDITION

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Extensive Biological Research On The MORGELLONS CONDITION Powered By Docstoc
					                                 MORGELLONS : A THESIS
                                       Clifford E Carnicom
                                        October 15 2011
                                       Edited Dec 01 2011

  Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
      unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
               are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

Abstract:

A substantial body of research has accumulated to make the case that the
underlying organism (i.e., pathogen) of the so-called "Morgellons" condition, as
identified by this researcher, is using the iron from human blood for its own
growth and existence. It will also be shown that the bio-chemical state of the
blood is being altered in the process. The implications of this thesis are severe as
this alteration affects, amongst other things, the ability and capacity of the blood
to bind to oxygen. Respiration is the source of energy for the body.

This change is also anticipated to increase the number of free radicals and to
increase acidity in the body. This process also requires and consumes energy
from the body to take place; this energy supports the growth and proliferation of
the organism. The changes in the blood are anticipated to increase its
combination with respiratory inhibitors and toxins. The changes under evaluation
may occur without any obvious outward symptoms. It is also anticipated that
there are consequences upon metabolism and health that extend beyond the
functions of the blood. This change represents essentially a systemic attack upon
the body, and the difficulties of extinction of the organism are apparent.
Physiological conditions that are in probable conjunction with the condition are
identified. Strategies that may be beneficial in mitigating the severity of the
condition are enumerated.



This paper will present this case progressively, and it will build upon the information that
has been presented in previous papers. The paper will sequence through the following
topics of discussion:

1. A Brief Introduction to the Chemistry of Iron

2. Beginning Observations

3. Qualitative Chemical Analysis

4. An Introduction to Bonding : Ionic, Covalent, Polar Covalent and Coordinated
Covalent Bonds

5. The Structure of the Heme Molecule and the Role of Ligands

6. Qualitative Chemical Analysis of the Oral Samples : Two Methods to Verify the
Existence of Ferric Iron

7. A Method to Extract the Oxidized Iron within the Filament Growth Structure

8. A Discussion of Ligands

9. Spectral Analysis of the Blood and a Comparison to the Growth Spectrum

10. Methemoglobinemia and Hypoxia

11. Ionization and Bond Disassociation Energy : The Cost of Oxidation

12. Bacterial Requirements for Iron in the Blood

13. The Oral Filament and Red Wine Reaction Resolved

14. Some Health Implications; The Value of the Holistic Approach to Medicine

15. Identification of physiological conditions that are in probable conjunction with
the condition.

16. A Proposed Spectral Analysis Project

17. A Review of Proposed Mitigation Strategies

As we continue with our discussion, there will be three different general approaches that
will be used in a combined sense to reach the conclusions that have been stated above.
The first of these will be direct observation, the second will be qualitative chemical
examination, and the last will be the use of spectral analysis and analytics. A synthesis
of each approach will give us the understanding of the situation that we require. Let us
begin with some discussion on the chemistry of iron and then follow with a few of the
qualitative iron tests that are helpful in the methods that have been developed.

1. A Brief Introduction to the Chemistry of Iron:

Let us start with an introduction to iron. Iron exists in three primary forms in nature, the
first in its elemental form with no net charge, and the other two as compounds, known
as ferrous and ferric compounds. It is these latter two states of iron that will be of
interest to us in terms of human biochemistry.

Ferrous compounds involve iron in a charged state, known as Fe2+, and ferric
compounds involve iron in the valence state of 3, or Fe+3. The term valence refers to
the number of electrons lost or gained in a chemical reaction. For example, a loss of two
electrons from an atom will leave the atom in a charged state of +2. A charged atom or
compound is called an ion or ionic compound, respectively.

Why is this important to us and why should we learn about the chemistry of iron? It is
because iron is in our bodies and it is absolutely crucial to our lives and our health. The
charged state of the iron in our bodies and our blood is of the utmost importance in
understanding the changes to human health that are occurring.

Now let us start focusing upon the iron in blood. Your blood needs iron to function. Not
only does your blood need iron to function but it needs the iron to be in a particular state
for your blood to work properly. The iron in your blood must be in the ferrous form,
or the Fe2+ in order to bind to oxygen1,2,3,4,5. If it is not in this state (e.g, ferric iron or
Fe3+), it will not bind to oxygen and human health will suffer. You are not thriving in an
energetic sense if you do not have the proper oxygen content within your blood.

Hopefully we understand that the state of the iron in our bodies is not a trivial affair and
it is in our interest to become educated on the matter. It is the very path that I have
chosen in this research and the implications of these studies are profound.

Now let us talk, in a general sense, about what causes iron to change state. What for
example, would cause iron in the elemental form (Fe) to go to the Fe2+ (charged) state,
or for that matter, from the Fe2+ state to the Fe3+ (further charged) state? It is here that
we introduce and explain the term of oxidation. As a familiar example, when something
rusts, it is being oxidized. What it means, in a more descriptive sense, is that a chemical
reaction is taking place and that electrons are being removed from an atom or
substance. Formally speaking, oxidation refers to the process of losing electrons.
Oxidation increases the charge state of the atom or ion, because as an electron (i.e,
negative charge) is removed, the atom, ion or substance becomes more positive as a
result. A typical example of oxidation is the change of iron from the Fe2+ state (i.e,
ferrous) to the Fe3+ (i.e., ferric) state mentioned above.

Below are some photographs that show testing of the iron ion in varying oxidation
states, ie., Fe2+ and Fe3+ with the use of some specialized chemical reagents. One of
the factors that is important in the qualitative tests that we are doing is that of color;
color is an extremely useful tool for determining the existence of metals in solution and
for the chemical state that they are in.
 This set of photographs shows a solution of what is called                   This set of photographs is provided to demonstrate the
 "liquid iron", essentially a solution of a ferrous salt (with some           variability of color as well as its value and importance. The
 minor impurities) that is used in gardening applications. This               photographs above show a freshly dissolved solution of
 ferrous solution is formed from a representative iron salt with              ferrous sulfate. When the ferrous sulfate is dissolved in water
 the iron in the Fe2+ oxidation state. One of the important                   it will ionize (separate into ions of Fe2+ and (SO4)2-). It will
 characteristics visually of the Fe+2 iron is the greenish tint that          also generally turn light green in color but this example lacks
 often accompanies the Fe2+ iron oxidation state. The                         the stronger green tint shown in the set to the left. Colors can
 photograph to the right shows the addition of a chemical (1,10               easily be influenced by concentrations and impurities. A
 phenanthroline) that is very sensitive to the presence of the                separate solution made previously demonstrates a stronger
 Fe2+ ion, and it turns the solution red in combination with the              green tint that is characteristic of the Fe+2 ion; this particular
 ion. The use of this chemical is a valuable and sensitive                    one does not. The use of 1,10 phenanthroline reagent
 qualitative method to determine the existence of the Fe2+ ion.               resolves the issue very clearly, however, as the characteristic
                                                                              reaction to produce the bold red color in combination with the
                                                                              Fe2+ ion is evident. This example demonstrates the value of
                                                                              approaching the problem from more than one perspective,
                                                                              such as with the use of color, chemistry and spectral analysis
                                                                              for a more comprehensive assessment of the situation.




This set shows an analogous qualitative chemical test for the                    This photo also shows the use of a different, but equally
presence of the Fe3+ ion solution. This particular solution is that of         important, reagent that is used to detect the presence of the
ferric chloride. There is an expected similarity in color between              Fe3+ ion in solution. The chemical used in this case is that of
various ferric salts, as the ionic form of iron is the agent responsible      sodium thiocyanide. Even though this reagent also produces a
for the color. A distinctive feature of the Fe3+ ion in solution is that of     bold red color, this test and the one mentioned above using
a yellow to brown color.                                                      1,10 phenanthroline are entirely separate and unique from one
                                                                               another, and are only valid for the particular ion of each test.
The value of the tests shown above are threefold:

1. First we have a sensitive qualitative method of identifying the existence of specific
iron ions, i.e., Fe2+ and Fe3+ in solution6. These tests can also be extended in
combination with a spectrophotometer to provide concentration levels of the ions, if
required7.

2. If the test succeeds, we know that the iron states are present in an ionic form within
the solution. If the test fails, it does not mean that Fe2+ or Fe3+ are not present, it only
means that they are not present in ionic (i.e, disassociated) form. It is possible that the
iron could exist in a different form (e.g., bound within a molecular compound) than ionic,
and the test would not show this fact. This distinction will become important in later
testing procedures that are described.

3. Regardless of individual variations, there is a clear and distinctive difference
between the greenish tints associated with the Fe2+ ion and the yellowish and
brown tints that result from the Fe3+ ion. This distinction will also become important
in later testing.

2. Beginning Observations:

Let us now switch over to the course of direct observation. Many of us may recall that
certain culture growth trials were discussed in an earlier paper entitled "Morgellons : A
Discovery and a Proposal8. In that paper, conditions and circumstances that both
increased and inhibited the rate of growth of the organism were discussed. A section of
that paper again is relevant again with direct observation, as shown below, in
combination with the color characteristics of iron discussed above. Direct observation
essentially indicates to us that the organism is able to utilize and absorb iron in the Fe3+
state. Let us discuss further why this is the case.




This photograph shows a culture that has just          This photograph shows the state of the culture
been started. The process of starting a culture with   growth after a few days have elapsed. The dark
this method requires only a single drop of the         brown color characteristic of the ferric (Fe+3)
culture solution. The culture solution is prepared    oxidized iron within the organism growth is visible.
by subjecting the pulverized and dried filaments of   The organism is absorbing the nutrients that have
previous growth to sodium hydroxide in solution       been provided in the culture medium. In this case,
and heat to the boiling point. The culture medium     the Fe+2 ion originally introduced into the solution
has ferrous (Fe+2) sulfate and hydrogen peroxide      was oxidized by the hydrogen peroxide (Fenton's
added to it as described in the paper referenced.     reaction) to produce the Fe+3 iron state. The
This chemical reaction that takes place will again    organism is able to nourish itself from this oxidized
be described in more detail below.                    state of iron and it imparts the characteristic color
                                                      of the iron (Fe3+) oxidation state within the growth
                                                      of the culture.

In order to understand the results of the photographs above, it is helpful to describe a
chemical reaction, called "Fenton's reaction" that was discussed in the former
referenced paper9. Fenton's reaction involves the combination of iron in the Fe2+ state
(in this case, ferrous sulfate) and hydrogen peroxide. The reaction is as follows:10

Fe2+ + H2O2 Fe3+ + OH. + OH−

This reaction was established in the following manner: A starter culture of the underlying
organism was introduced into distilled water. A few drops of a ferrous salt solution,
namely ferrous sulfate was introduced into the culture. This was followed by a few drops
of hydrogen peroxide. It has been learned that this culture medium rapidly accelerates
the growth of the culture. The result of the combination of the iron in the Fe2+ state with
hydrogen peroxide produces three things:

1. Iron ions in the ferric state, or Fe3+.

2. The hydroxide radical, OH-

3. The hydroxyl radical, a highly reactive free radical.

Notice that none of these three developments were dependent upon the culture;
Fentons reactions would have taken place irregardless of the introduction of the
organism. What we do know from the reaction, however, is that the iron is oxidized to
the Fe3+ state and becomes immediately available to the organism along with the
hydroxyl radical. The paper mentioned discusses some of the ramifications of this
combination with respect to health. Not only does the oxidation takes place, but we see
that the organism is directly able to utilize the iron in this oxidized state (Fe3+) for its
growth and sustenance.

This provides our first link in understanding the role of oxidation of iron in our body and
its relationship to the growth of the organism. All of the conditions described for the
controlled petri dish trial are also to be found to occur within the human body.

3. Qualitative Chemical Analysis:

There are chemical tests which can be performed to determine the existence of
substances, particularly those in ionic form. These tests are valuable in that they are
relatively simple and yet they can provide crucial information as to the existence of a
metallic ion, for instance, without providing quantitative or concentration levels.
Examples of this include the determination of the existence of the iron ions (both ferrous
and ferric), copper ions, sulphate ions, chloride ions and others11,12,13. It is important to
understand that the tests being described in this section are for ionic forms only, i.e,
they are in a disassociated form in solution. A negative test does not mean that the
element in some form does not exist, (.e.g, bound in a molecular form); it only means
that it does not exist in an ionic form. This distinction will become important to us as we
proceed later with additional laboratory procedures.

An excellent example of a qualitative test for the presence of ionic forms of iron has
already been described in the earlier section of this paper, entitled An Introduction to the
Chemistry of Iron. In this case, as described, certain reagents were used to positively
identify the presence of the Fe+2 and Fe+3 ions in known solutions.

Now let us apply these methods to the questions at hand, which are twofold:

1. Does human blood in solution contain iron ions? We know that blood contains iron,
so it will be of interest to examine if it exists in ionic form.

2. Does the culture solution (as developed from oral filaments characteristic of
Morgellons) contain iron ions?

Let us discuss the first question, i.e., does blood contain iron in ionic form? If so, is it in
the Fe2+ state, or the Fe3+ state, both, or none? We can answer this question with the
application of the same reagents mentioned earlier, 1,10 phenanthroline for the test of
Fe2+ ions and sodium thiocyanide for the testing of Fe3+ ions.




  Testing for Fe2+ ions in blood in distilled water     Testing for Fe3+ ions in blood in distilled water
   solution with1,10 phenanthroline. Results are        solution with sodium thiocyanate. Results are
negative. No characteristic deep red color forms in   negative. No characteristic deep red color forms in
 the test tube to the right where the reagent has      the test tube to the right where the reagent has
                    been added.                                           been added.
The results in both cases are negative. This means that human blood does not show
the existence if iron in ionic form, either Fe2+ or Fe3+ within it. It does not mean that
blood does not have iron within it, for we know that it does. But in what form does it exist
then? If it is not ionic, is the iron bound in some way? If so, what is it bound to? How do
we know what state it is in (Fe2+ or Fe3+) if it is bound to something? These are some
of the questions before us. The answers to these questions will become important to us
in our understanding of any changes taking place to the blood and they will become
equally relevant in our tests of the culture solution based upon oral filament growths.
This result also raises the problem of how do we go about qualitatively testing for iron in
the blood as we have now learned that the direct ion testing approach is not sufficient.

As we proceed, please keep in the forefront that our problem is to approach the
question of how the state of oxidation of blood is affected by the Morgellons condition.

Now let us test the culture solution in the same way: The preparation of the culture
solution can be described in detail at a later time; this has been summarized to some
degree in previous papers.




   Testing for Fe2+ ions in the culture solution        Testing for Fe3+ ions in the culture solution with
with1,10 phenanthroline. Results are negative. No        sodium thiocyanate. Results are negative. No
characteristic deep red color forms in the test tube   characteristic deep red color forms in the test tube
 to the right where the reagent has been added.         to the right where the reagent has been added.

The results are again in both cases negative. This tells us correspondingly, that the
culture solution does not contain iron in the ionic form (Fe2+ or Fe3+), at least to the
degree of sensitivity of the tests. Once again, it does NOT mean that the culture
solutions do not contain iron, only that if it is present that it is not in the ionic
(disassociated) form. The issue, therefore, must provoke our testing methods further
and the question of iron binding to other molecules, even if in an oxidized state (Fe2+ or
Fe3+), rises to importance.

4. An Introduction to Bonding : Ionic, Covalent, Polar Covalent and Coordinated
Covalent Bonds:
       Soon we must educate ourselves further on how iron exists within the blood. Before that
       occasion, however, we must also spend some time talking about the various methods
       that atoms use to bind together to form molecules and compounds. Much of what
       happens in chemistry is in some way related to bonding and it is helpful to have at least
       some background on the subject. Ultimately, the knowledge is crucial to our
       understanding and determination of how the oxidation state of blood is altered.

       Within conventional chemistry, there are two forms of bonding of atoms that occur: ionic
       and covalent. Ionic bonding means that electrons are transferred from one atom to
       another. Covalent bonding means that the electrons are shared between atoms.
       Bonding is important because the physical properties of a substance are generally
       entirely different depending upon the type of bonding that exists. Therefore, if you know
       what type of bonding is occurring within a molecule or substance, you can likely
       determine quite a bit about the physical properties and behavior of the substance. In our
       case, this is not an academic exercise and we do not have a choice; we need to learn
       as much as we can about the properties of the blood and how it interacts with the rest of
       the body. Science is more meaningful is we can give value and application to our
       studies and in our current situation, our very lifeblood and welfare depends upon this
       pursuit. Consider taking some time to learn about the chemistry and biochemistry that is
       involved here and we will all be the better for it.

       The following are simple illustrations of both ionic and covalent bonding:




           An example of ionic bonding.                            An example of covalent bonding.
The transfer of electrons characterizes this bond form.   The sharing of electrons characterizes this bond form.
   Source: Northeastern Oklahoma A&M College               Source : Mr. Wolgemuth GHHS Science Web Site



       Next, a brief word on polar covalent bonding: Polar covalent bonding is a variation on
       the covalent bonding theme shown above. In the example above on covalent bonding,
       the forces on the electrons are symmetrical. When different types of atoms join
       together(as shown below) vs. atoms of the same type (as in the two hydrogen atoms
       shown above), the forces between the electrons are not necessarily symmetrical. This
asymmetry of forces between shared electrons is referred to as a polar covalent bond.
A simple example of polar covalent bonding, i.e., the water molecule, is shown
immediately below. These three types of bonds: ionic, covalent and polar covalent cover
most of the ground of conventional and introductory discussions of bonding of atoms
within chemistry.




                              An example of polar covalent bonding.
  The asymmetric sharing of electrons and unequal distribution of charge characterizes this bond form.
                           Source : Zendarie : Biology One Step At a Time

We, however, in our journey of understanding the nature of iron bonding within blood,
are not allowed to stop here. We will find that the three bond types above do not tell us
what we need to know about the way in which iron is bonded, or "held" within the blood.
There is indeed a fourth type of bonding that we will introduce, and we will find that it is
different, unique, interesting and important to know about when it comes to
understanding what is happening within our blood. The bond type that is pertinent to our
need to know is called a "coordinated covalent bond".

The coordinated covalent bond is an interesting animal, as it does not fit in very well
with any of the conventional explanations of bonding listed above. What has caught my
interest is that the coordinate covalent bond is not introduced in the forefront of
chemistry education, but from my vantage point, it can easily end up being a most
important form of bonding to know about. It seems to me that one of the easiest ways to
attempt to visualize a coordinated covalent bond is to imagine at atom being "held" or
"suspended" or surrounded by electrons, the forces of those electrons keeping the bond
in place. Let us get the formal definitions, and then go to work with an image that can
help us to understand this unique form of bonding. Here are three definitions to work
with:

To start:
            "A coordinate covalent bond is a covalent bond in which one of the bonded atoms
            furnishes both of the shared electrons"13.

            Also:

            "A particular type of covalent bond is one in which one of the atoms supplies both of the
            electrons. These are known as dipolar (or coordinate, semipolar, or dative) bonds." 14

            And:

            "A covalent bond occurs when one atom contributes both of the shared pair of
            electrons. Once formed, there is no difference between a coordinate bond and any
            other covalent bond."15

            And lastly, for the person in greater need, here is a more detailed online definition16 and
            description of the coordinate covalent bond.16




        An example of coordinate covalent bonding.                 A three-dimensional model of the coordinate covalent
This is called a Lewis diagram and it shows the arrangements                      bond shown to the left..
of the electrons in the outer shell of the atom and how they are       Source: New World Encyclopedia: Covalent Bond
                     "shared" or coordinated.
       Source: New World Encyclopedia: Covalent Bond




            Now let us try to give more meaning to what the coordinate covalent bond entails. The
            images above depict one of the simpler presentations of a coordinate covalent bond.
            Both images are different views of the same bonding process. What the picture shows
            on the left is that instead of one electron being shared by each atom (in this case,
            Nitrogen and Boron) to form a shared pair, BOTH electrons are donated by the Nitrogen
            atom and none by the Boron atom to form the bond. The end result is the same as in a
            regular covalent bond, but the process by which the bond was achieved differs from a
            normal covalent bond. The reason that this type of bonding is important is that many
            types of new and fundamentally important "complexes" or chemical structures can be
            formed. Our blood structure is one such example. Many of the complexes that are
            formed in this way involve the bonding of a metal atom (e.g, iron) with surrounding
         molecules, and this leads us directly into our discussion of the blood and the
         hemoglobin (or heme) molecule. The formation of what are called coordination
         complexes or coordination compounds, very often with metals at the center of the
         structure, is one of the most important practical branches of chemistry. It is necessary
         for us to understand coordination complexes in order to understand how the iron in our
         blood bonds to oxygen. And so now that we are in the thick of it, on we go...

         5. The Structure of the Heme Molecule and the Role of Ligands:

         We are now in position to become more familiar with the detailed structure of blood. Our
         interest will be centered on hemoglobin, and in even greater detail, upon what is known
         as the heme molecule. Hemoglobin is an iron containing protein within red blood cells.
         Hemoglobin is the molecule that transports oxygen.17 It is the iron of hemoglobin that
         binds to oxygen18. Heme is one of four subunits within hemoglobin. Each heme group
         has an iron atom at its center, and therefore each hemoglobin molecule can bind to four
         molecules of oxygen (O2).19 Our primary interest will be in the heme group, as it is
         where the oxygen carrying capacity exists. Here are a couple of images to familiarize
         the reader with the overall structure of hemoglobin and the heme group. Subsequently,
         we will examine the heme group in even greater detail along with the bonding process.




  A generalized model of the hemoglobin molecule.                           A closer view of the heme group.
 Notice the four subunits of heme within the hemoglobin           The iron atom(orange) resides in the center of the heme
molecule; this is where the iron atom exists that can bind to    group. The oxygen (O2) molecule is in red above the iron
                          oxygen.                               atom. We will examine this structure and bonding process in
Source: Washington University, Department of Chemistry                             greater detail below
                                                                               Source : Wiley : Biochemistry

         The type of bonding that allows the heme group to exist and to bind iron to oxygen as
         shown above is the coordinated covalent bonding that has been introduced previously.
         This type of bonding allows the formation of a multitude of metal complexes, and the
         heme group is an example of one such structure that incorporates a coordinated metal
         complex. These metal complexes and the unique type of bonding they incorporate are
         have a special importance in biochemistry and in blood. Let us now look at the heme
           group in even greater detail to understand the molecular structure further:




The heme group, consisting of an iron atom in the Fe+2 state,    A three-dimensional model of the heme group, with the iron (II)
 surrounded by four nitrogen atoms bound with coordinated        atom at the center surrounded by the four nitrogen atoms. This
covalent bonds. The iron must be in the +2 state to be able to      type of structure is known as a porphyrin. One of the best
                      bind to oxygen..                            known porphyrins is heme, which is the pigment in red blood
                 Image source: Wikipedia                                                       cells.
                                                                                         Source: Argus Lab




     The dexoxygenated heme molecule (model) shown                    The oxygenated heme molecule(model) shown
             with oxygen atoms removed (red)                                  with oxygen atoms attached.

           The heme group consists of an iron atom in the center of a ring structure, termed a
           porphyrin. The porphyrin includes the central iron atom in the +2 oxidized state and is
           surrounded by four nitrogen atoms with coordinate covalent bonds. The upper two
           photographs of this sections show this structure in both a planar view and a three-view.
The coordinate covalent bonds, as discussed earlier, allow the transition metals such as
iron to bind to a host of varying molecules. This type of structure is also that known as a
chelate, where a central atom is bound to surrounding molecules or structures (termed
ligands). A great variety of molecular structures with the transition metals can occur with
this unique and more complex bond type, i.e., the coordinated covalent bond.

The lower photograph shows two additional aspects of the heme molecule and the
bonds that it makes within. These include the histidine (an amino acid) structure and the
oxygen molecule. The oxygen molecule is at the heart of the discussion here. The left
photograph within the pair shows the oxygen molecule removed from the heme group
and the right photograph within the pair shows the oxygen bound to the Fe2+ atom. The
iron must be in the Fe2+ state for the oxygen to bind; transport of oxygen is a vital and
crucial function of the blood within the human body. If the iron in the blood is changed to
the Fe3+ state, the bonds to oxygen are broken and the blood is then known as
deoxyhemoglobin. The primary cause of change in the oxidation state of an atom is
from an oxidizer; some of the best known oxidizers include the hydroxyl radical, ozone,
peroxides and bleaches20. Oxidizers exist with the human body to some level naturally.
There is a body of evidence available in the literature that will demonstrate that
excessive exposure to oxidizers within the body can be detrimental to human health.
Oxidizers produce free radicals, which are highly reactive molecules that can "wreak
havoc within the living system"21. Some of the most important free radicals in biology
are the superoxide anion (O2-), peroxide (O2-2) and the hydroxyl radical (OH)22.

It will become apparent that the change in oxidation state of iron from Fe2+ to Fe3+ in
sufficient numbers within the blood is generally detrimental to the blood and human
health. It will become equally apparent that this change is especially beneficial to the
growth of the organism and filamentous biological growth structures that are
characteristic of the Morgellons condition.
            An animated view of the change between the oxygenated and deoxygenated
            states of the blood. Correspondingly, this results is a shift between the Fe2+
               oxidation state of iron and the Fe3+ oxidation state of iron in the blood.

                                     Source : Protein Data Bank
                        http://pdb108.rcsb.org/pdb/101/motm.do?momID=41

6. Qualitative Chemical Analysis of the Oral Samples ; Two Methods to Verify the
Existence of Ferric Iron:

We are now in a position to better understand and interpret the results of more direct
laboratory analysis. It will be found that there is essentially little difference between the
direct human filament samples that are under examination and those that result from
the culturing process demonstrated repeatedly on this site. At this point we will deal
directly with human oral filament samples as the chemical reactions that are common to
both forms are now better understood.

It has long been observed that extended exposure (e.g., three minutes +/-) of the oral
gums to red wines produces in many, if not most, individuals a purplish filamentous
mass than can be expelled and further analyzed. This discovery is fully credited to
Gwen Scott, N.D. as originally reported several years ago23,24. It is claimed by some
individuals that this mass is of a precipitate form and that it is a natural reaction between
        red wines and saliva. The reaction referred to is valid and has been studied as well.
        However, the statement as it has been made is entirely false as it refers to the samples
        under examination. The sample under examination is of a filament form, and it is not a
        precipitate. The sheer volume of material that can be expelled, let alone the
        examination of the material, is sufficient to dispel the false and diversionary claims25.

        The chemistry of this rather dramatic reaction of filament production and coloration has,
        prior to this study of the last several months, been unknown. This is no longer entirely
        the case, and the subject will be introduced again later in this paper. For now, suffice it
        to say that a most significant chemical reaction and filament production does take place,
        and the discovery can be regarded as serendipitous and fortunate to the studies that
        have been made.

        Given that such a reaction and production of mass does occur, this study has now
        examined the material in greater depth from a qualitative chemical perspective. It has
        also been known for some time now that the filaments do break down and undergo
        chemical transformation when exposed to a solution of sodium hydroxide (lye) and
        heat26.




    An oral sample filamentous mass produced from           The oral sample after it has been subjected to a process of
extended exposure of the mouth gums to red wine. The         alkalizing, heating and filtration. The sample is treated with
 sample has been repeatedly rinsed and decanted in          sodium hydroxide (lye) in solution and heated to the boiling
   distilled water. The purplish color and microscopic      point. The solution is then filtered and produces the colored
        filaments are characteristic of the sample.       solution above. Please recall that the color of the ferric ion (3+)
                                                         is usually yellowish to brownish and that the color of the ferrous
                                                           (2+) ion is generally more greenish in color. This result of this
                                                            process indicates that the ferric (3+) iron form is a candidate
                                                                 for further investigation in this qualitative analysis.

        The photographs above show the original sample (to the left) and the sample after
        processing with alkali, heat and filtration (right). The solution on the right is also suitable
        for spectrophotometric analysis, as shall be discussed later. At this point, we will be
        concerned only with qualitative chemical reactions.
It is already known that the sample in the solution form prepared immediately above
fails a test for the existence of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions. This has been shown with similar
results for the culture form of this study earlier in this paper. This result does not mean
that iron does not exist in the solution, only that it does not exist in disassociated ionic
form. The reason that the effort has been expended to understand the various types of
chemical bonding is that because unless we know in what form a substance exists in
solution we may not be able to detect it with common testing methods. This is the
reason that an understanding of coordination complexes and coordinate covalent
bonding is so essential; we must press the problem further and examine all options with
respect to the possible existence of iron forms within the solution. The following three
factors are thought to be relevant in the examination of the reaction of the oral sample
solution with a copper sulfate solution:

First:

One of the types of chemical reactions is called a single displacement reaction. In a
general way, this reaction has the form28:

A + BC -> B + AC

or

A + BC -> C + BA

and if A is a metal, A will replace B to form AC, provided A is a more reactive metal than
B.

Second:

Another relevant topic here is what is called the activity series of metals. Some metals
are more reactive than others, with water or acids and the activity series of metals lists
that reactivity in a tabular form. For example, potassium, calcium and sodium are highly
reactive metals with water, iron and nickel are moderately active, copper and silver are
of very low reactivity, and gold and platinum are inactive. Here is an example of an
activity series table27:
                                            Source:
               http://www.tutorvista.com/content/science/science-ii/metals-non-
                             metals/reconcept-series-metals.php

It will be found that a metal higher on the list will replace a metal that is in ionic form and
is lower in the list.

Third:

Another helpful known reaction is that iron ions (+2 and +3 states, respectively) in
solution with sodium hydroxide will form ferrous (+2) hydroxide, a green precipitate,
(Fe(OH)2) and ferric hydroxide, a brown precipitate, (Fe(OH)3) respectively.

The first chemical reaction that becomes of interest to study is the oral sample solution
above when mixed with copper sulfate. It will be found that a reaction does occur, and
the reaction is that a brown precipitate forms. This indicates that we are likely to have
formed ferric hydroxide and this gives us another hint that we may be encountering iron
within a +3 oxidation state within the original solution. The issue is complicated,
however, by the fact that we know the iron is apparently not in ionic form. This would
suggest that we are dealing with iron in a coordination complex of some type, where the
iron is bound to an unknown ligand. There are still uncertainties in this problem, but it
appears that the copper sulfate is somehow a factor in releasing the iron from a
complex form (presumably affected by the activity series above) so that it can combine
with the hydroxide ion to form ferric hydroxide. A proposed reaction is somewhat akin to
the form:
Fe+3X + Na+ + OH- + CuSO4 + H2O -> Fe(OH)3 + Cu2+ SO42- + Na+ + H2O + X

where X is an unknown ligand that is attached to the iron ion. The resulting reaction has
been tested further for copper and sulfate ions, respectively, and the results are positive
and are therefore consistent with the above reaction.

An alternative proposed reaction is of the form:

[Fe(H2O)6]3+ + Na+ + OH- + CuSO4 -> Fe(OH)3 + Cu2+ SO42- + Na+ + 6H2O

in which case the ligand is water and involves coordination with the hydrated ferric ion.




                         A reaction of the oral sample solution with
                         copper sulfate. A brown precipitate forms. A
                         postulated identity of the precipitate is that of
                         ferric hydroxide which contains iron in the 3+
                         oxidized state.

The proposed ligand form is one question that will need to be addressed further. In the
interim, the important question to pursue is whether or not the precipitate is consistent
with a ferric (vs. ferrous) hydroxide identity. To further test the proposal of ferric
hydroxide as the precipitate, it will be found that ferric hydroxide is soluble in citric
acid29. It is also known that ferrous hydroxide, when dissolved in citric acid, will turn the
solution green (characteristic of the ferrous ion). Ferric hydroxide, when dissolved in
ctiric acid will turn the solution to a brownish color (characteristic of the ferric ion). This
test has been conducted and the result is positive, the precipitate is soluble in citric acid
and the resulting solution is brownish in color. This further solidifies the proposed
identity of the precipitate as that of ferric hydroxide.
A second method of verifying the existence of the ferric form of iron within the oral
filament sample has been established30. This method involves the reduction of the Fe3+
iron state to the Fe2+ state using ascorbic acid, and then testing for the existence of the
iron in the Fe2+ state. The steps of the process are:1

. The oral sample must be extracted with the red wine and the test conducted promptly;
this is a time sensitive process that has been created.

2. The oral filament sample is rinsed repeatedly in clear water and decanted until the
final mass is in clear distilled water.

3. The sample is treated with sodium hydroxide and' heated to the boiling point and then
filtered. The solution will be brownish in color as described earlier.

4. The solution is then treated with ascorbic acid. Ascorbic acid is a strong reducer (anti-
oxidant).

5. The solution is then centrifuged.

6. The clear solution that results from centrifuging is separated and placed in a separate
test tube.

7. A test for the Fe2+ ion is conducted using (1,10) phenanthroline. The test results are
positive. This test demonstrates the reduction of existing iron in the Fe3+ state to the
Fe2+ state.

In the reference cited, it will be noted that potassium ferricyanide is used in the reaction.
This experiment introduces the role of another ligand that will be discussed in more
detail later, and this is the cyanide ion. It will be seen that varying ligands form
complexes with the transition metals; this is one of the many reasons we must
familiarize ourselves with coordination chemistry and coordinate covalent bonds to
understand how this organism interacts with the body.
                           A positive test for the existence of the ferrous
                             ion after reduction by ascorbic acid using
                                        (1,10) phenanthroline.

7. A Method to Extract the Oxidized Iron from within the Filament Growth
Structure

A third and final method of verifying the existence of the ferric form of iron within the oral
filament sample has been established. In this case, the iron itself in an oxide form has
been extracted directly from the oral filament sample using electrolysis. The method is
both simple and effective. Many metallic salts, when subjected to electrolysis, liberate a
gas at the anode and deposit the metal in pure form at the cathode 31,32,33,34. Presumably
this can apply to certain transition metal (e.g., iron) complexes as well and as evidenced
by the results obtained. The method used is to apply a current to the oral sample
solution directly. Voltage is applied at 6 volts for approximately 8 hours of time. The
current in the solution has been measured at 0.7 mA. The electrolyte is sufficiently
decomposed at the end of that period. The metallic compound is collected and heated
and dried at the end of that period. It appears as though the bonds in the compound are
quite strong as the compound is only mildly soluble in strong acids such as hydrochloric
and sulfuric acids. The compound reacts vigorously to hydrogen peroxide as shown
below in the video segment. The reaction shown involving the decomposition hydrogen
peroxide to oxygen and water is an established and known catalytic reaction (in the
same genre as Fenton's reaction)35,36.

The results of all qualitative tests indicate that a ferric (3+) iron is a highly significant
component of the growth structure and organism development. It is also presumed at
this stage of the analysis that the iron exists primarily within a transition metal
coordination complex with ligand structures that require further analysis and
identification. An additional discussion on the ligand aspect of this study will follow.




    Pre-electrolysis of the oral sample solution.      Post-electrolysis of the oral sample solution.




                                                       The final iron oxide (ferric oxide) compound
   Drying the metallic residue from the electrolytic
                                                       result obtained directly from the oral sample
           processing of the oral sample.
                                                                    through electrolysis.
                         Ferric Oxide Compound and Hydrogen Peroxide
                                        Chemical Reaction:
                        This is a catalytic reaction that does not result in a
                              change in the iron oxide form or mass.
                                     Magnification approx 75x.


8. A Discussion of Ligands:

Let us talk about ligands for a moment. Remember that a coordination complex is
formed with a metal atom at the center of the complex surrounded by atoms that donate
electrons to form the coordinate covalent bonds. These donor structures are called
ligands. The heme group that we discussed was a representative example of such a
coordination complex, with the iron atom in the center of the ring with nitrogen atoms
surrounding the iron. We also have a histidine (amino acid) group attached to the heme
and then the oxygen molecules at a sixth position in the complex. We have also seen
that the oxygen molecules can come and go within the complex depending upon the
state of the iron in the center of the complex. Please review some of the images and
discussion above if you would like to recall this discussion.

It now is becoming more apparent to us why we must understand the specific molecular
structure of the hemoglobin molecules (especially the heme group within) and' of the
transition metal (notably iron) coordination complexes within the heme group. It is also
equally important that we must learn more about the impact of "ligands", as ligands are
the atoms or structures that bind to the metal. Coordination chemistry seems to be a bit
more involved than conventional chemical study as the bonding structures are highly
varied and more difficult to predict. But the necessity exists here, for what binds to the
iron (i.e., ligand) that has been altered (i.e., oxidized) is going to be extremely important
in understanding the impact or predicted impact upon the body. For instance, the
importance of this topic can be stressed with the following:

"Metal and metalloids are bound to ligands in virtually all circumstances...... Ligand
selection is a critical consideration in many practical areas, including bioinorganic and
medicinal chemistry, homogeneous catalysis, and environmental chemistry."37
   Therefore, we will need to understand ligands and coordination complexes in more
   detail to help us get out of the mess that we are in. Please engage yourself in that
   process as it appears that it will become very important in understanding the human
   health effects that are in place as we speak.

   An introduction to this topic involves what is called the "spectrochemical series".
   Fortunately there is a knowledge base available to help us understand what ligands (or
   chemical structures) are more likely to attach to metal ions, such as iron, than others
   are. Three fields of study that are helpful in this regard are:38

   1. The Spectrochemical Series

   2. Ligand Field Theory

   3. Crystal Field Theory.

   The latter two topics are more advanced fields of chemistry study and can only be
   briefly mentioned in this report. The latter two subjects, Ligand Field Theory and Crystal
   Field Theory, help us to understand how the spectrochemical series has developed. In
   this paper, we need to focus on this end result to start with and to at least become
   familiar with the spectrochemical series.

   The spectrochemical series is a ranking of ligands, according to what are called weak
   field ligands and strong field ligands. Both abbreviated and longer form tabulations of
   the spectrochemical series exist depending upon the level of investigation. An example
   of an abbreviated spectrochemical series is as follows:39

 I- < Br- < SCN- < Cl- < F- ≤ OH- , ONO- < OH2 < NCS- < NCCH3 < NH3 , py < NO2- < CN- , NO , CO
weak-field ligands                                                            strong-field ligands

   Recall that the most important feature of a coordination compound is the donation of a
   pair of electrons by the ligand (i.e., donor) to form a coordinate covalent bond with the
   metal. As a first generalization, softer metals generally prefer bonds to weak-field
   ligands and harder metals (e.g,, iron) are more likely to bond with strong field ligands 40.
   It can also be cited that the cyanide ion and carbon monoxide would be expected to
   have a rather strong affinity for the ferric (3+) ion41. This type of relationship will be
   critical in our understanding and future direction of research in relation to the altered
   blood that has been identified in this report. Separate research from a variety of
   sources42,43 has also disclosed the following list of candidates ions or molecules to
   consider as potential ligands to the oxidized iron (+3) atom (this list will overlap with the
   spectrochemical series):

                 CO, CN-, NH3, H2O, OH-, SO, NO2 S2- N3- NO2-, Cl-, CH3COO

   Please be aware that many of the ligands under review above are toxic or interfere with
biological processes. As examples, the cyanide ion, azide ion and carbon monoxide are
each respiratory inhibitors to some degree. Although an introduction to a significant
problem related to oxygen deficiency (methemoglobinemia) will be discussed later in
this report, much research remains to be tackled on the subject of ligands and oxidized
iron. Please consider the support of this research if you are so inclined.

9. Spectral Analysis of the Blood and a Comparison to the Growth Spectrum:

Extensive spectrometric analysis human blood is the original basis for this report. It was
observed early on in the process that the expected spectrum of normal hemoglobin was
not being observed using blood samples from a variety of individuals. This required
establishing a "reference spectrum" for hemoglobin based upon that of record and upon
historical public data. Please review the previous paper entitled Altered Blood44 for an
introduction to the situation at hand. This paper remains current and accurate with the
information acquired and analysis completed thus far.

The graphs below show the general nature of the predicament. The purpose of this
section will be to summarize only briefly the work of several weeks of observation and
investigation of sample hemoglobin vs the reference spectrum that has been
established.




The black line is the reference spectrum for hemoglobin that has been established
through examination of the literature and available tabulated data. The red line is the
average spectrum of approximately ten individuals over the same visible light
wavelength range. Clearly there is a significant difference. A salient change that can be
identified is the appearance of two strong peaks in the vicinity at approximately 397
nanometers (nm) and 448 nm. These strong peaks substitute themselves for the
prominent expected peak at approximately 414 nm. The magnitude of absorbance can
vary strongly according to concentration levels so the magnitude of the peaks so there
must be some latitude given to the conclusions related to that aspect. Nevertheless, in
general we see that the magnitude of absorbance is strongly reduced in the measured
spectrum vs. the reference spectrum, especially in the range of 300-350nm.

The difficulty then becomes to explain these sharp differences between the spectrums.
We can begin this analysis by examining the spectrum of the cultures as they have
been developed from oral samples and examples of this work are shown below.




The graph above shows the spectrum of the culture as developed from oral samples.
The primary variable within the graph is that of concentration. These graphs show the
importance of concentration and how it can affect the geometry of the spectrum. It can
be seen in general that an increase in concentration causes a corresponding increase in
the absorbance; this is an expected consequence of Beer's Law is it relates to
spectroscopy. It is also of special interest to note that with sufficient concentrations that
a second peak appears at approximately 448nm; this peak was simply not observable
at low concentration levels. A calibration curve for the concentration of the culture mass
has been developed from this work. A fair amount of culture mass is required to
produce the highest concentration levels shown; these details of solution preparation
can be described further as time progresses. It has already been reported that the
solutions are produced primarily with the use of a strong alkalizer (sodium hydroxide)
and heat; this method is successful in breaking down the filament nature of the culture
to a sufficient degree.

There is an extremely important observation that is to be made from these graphs
shown here. It is that the geometry of the peaks of the culture, as it has been developed
from oral filament samples, is essentially identical to those deviations that are reported
in the measured hemoglobin spectrum shown immediately prior. Within the culture
spectrum, we see corresponding strong peaks at approximately 397nm and 448nm,
exactly the same peak structure that is apparent in the hemoglobin spectrum under
measurement in a sample of individuals. This suggests, in a highly logical and sensible
fashion, that we should consider looking at the growth of the organism as a significant
factor on the alteration of the hemoglobin spectrum as it is being directly measured.

The next issue of importance is to identify what is the underlying nature of the culture, or
organism, spectrum. A spectrum in itself is valuable for its uniqueness, but the
interpretation of the underlying spectrum is a much more involved affair. It involves a
body of knowledge than can represent a profession it is own right. Some of the factors
that affect the manifestation of the spectrum include the elements involved, the types of
molecular bonds involved and the energy states of those atoms or molecules. I do not
profess to know that science to that level of detail to immediately be able to interpret a
visual light spectrum at the elemental and atomic bond level; by the same token the
subject matter is not entirely foreign to me at this stage of study.

The process of investigation on my end is too laborious and time consuming to describe
here, and the extensive time and effort extended is to be summarized in a succinct
manner for your benefit In that protracted process, the spectrum of iron salts has also
been examined in some detail. Suffice it to say that the spectrum of the ferric ion (3+) in
solution matches remarkably well with the spectra culture and oral sample spectrums,
especially in the range of 300 - 475nm where the deviations reported above most
strongly occur. This was indeed the discovery that has motivated the intensive focus on
iron with respect to this particular growth form, or "organism", as it were. It is also the
very reason why the qualitative chemical studies described above were developed. I
have attempted to approach the problem from numerous angles to seek a consistent
resolution to the problem. At this point, it seems fair to claim that such a consistent
resolution has been reached. The role of iron in the oxidized state (3+) and its
importance in the growth of the organism, from this researcher's perspective, appears to
be positively established.
The final graph in this section shows the degree of overlap that is occurring between the
hemoglobin spectrum as it is being measured, the spectrum of the oral and culture
samples, and the spectrum of the ferric ion (3+) in solution. The degree of similarity and
overlap is actually quite remarkable and further solidifies the arguments that are
presented within this paper.

In these graphs, the trends of each individual spectrum has been removed. This has the
advantage of essentially normalizing the magnitudes of the graph so that we can focus
on the degree of similarity of the absorption peaks. We have three different spectra
shown here. The red line is the average measured spectrum of hemoglobin from a
sample of approximately ten individuals. The black line is the spectrum of the "reference
hemoglobin" as it has been obtained from the available public sources. The blue line is
the spectrum of a dissolved ferric (3+) salt, specifically iron ammonium sulfate. There
are some important observations to me made here that reiterate the degree of similarity
that has been established prior. We see a very close match between the spectrums of
the measured hemoglobin spectrum and the ferric ion (3+) in the lower half of the visible
spectrum (350 - 475nm). This strongly suggests that the ferric (3+) form of' iron is
intimately involved in the deviation of the measured hemoglobin spectrum from the
reference hemoglobin spectrum It is indeed the basis of this thesis, as the body of
evidence established now demonstrates that this is exactly the case.

Secondly, we see that the magnitude of the spectrum of the ferric ion drops off radically
in the upper half of the spectrum, i.e., 475 -700nm. This means that we would expect
the ferric ion to have much less influence upon the spectrum of hemoglobin within that
range. This is also exactly what we find. We notice that the reference hemoglobin
spectrum and the measured hemoglobin spectrum actually compare reasonably well in
the upper half of the visible light spectrum. This spectral analysis establishes the case
quite strongly, therefore, that the ferric (3+) ion form plays a prominent role in the
alteration of blood as it has been measured from several individuals. It is at this point
that we must recall that deviation of the iron in the blood from the normal state of Fe(2+)
to that of Fe(3+) presents serious health consequences. The most important of these is
the inability of iron in the ferric state within blood to bind to oxygen. This leads us to the
next topic below.

10. Methemoglobinemia and Hypoxia:

Now that certain results have been established, we must anticipate and begin to deal
with the consequences of those results, should they be proven to be true. To reiterate,
these results present themselves in two primary forms:

1. The evidence indicates that the growth form central to the Morgellons condition
utilizes iron in a ferric (3+) state for its own growth, development and sustenance.

2. The evidence indicates that human blood is altered significantly as a result of the
presence of the organism within the blood. This alteration encompasses a partial
change of the oxidation state of the iron within the hemoglobin from a ferrous (2+) to a
ferric (3+) state. Iron in the ferric state (3+) within hemoglobin is unable to bind to
oxygen.

If these findings are true, we are required to pursue the next logical line of investigation,
i.e, diminished oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. There is a known medical
condition for this change within the blood, and it is called methemoglobinemia.
Methemoglobinemia is the transformation of normal hemoglobin (oxyhemoglobin) to a
deoxygentated state. Methoglobinemia is caused by the oxidation of the ferrous ion (2+)
to the ferric state (3+). Ferric iron is chemically useless for respiration45.
Methemoglobinema can exist at varying levels, and is usually expressed as a
percentage of the total hemoglobin of the blood. It is a normal state to have
approximately one to two percent of methemoglobinemia (ferric ion) in the blood46.

Mild methemoglobinemia, on the order of 2 - 10%, is generally well tolerated by
individuals and usual presents no obvious or apparent symptoms47. There is,
nevertheless, a diminished capacity of the blood to carry oxygen at this stage and the
effects are not to be dismissed as we shall discuss further. At levels from 10 -15%,
cyanosis will occur with the skin taking on a blue/gray cast or appearance. Higher levels
still, e.g, above 20% can cause dizziness, increased heart rate and anxiety. Levels
greater that 50% are associated with breathlessness, fatigue, confusion, drowsiness.
Comas, seizures may also occur at this level. Methemoglobinemia at 70% or greater is
usually fatal48.

From the results of this paper, it the following hypothesis can be presented. It it is
accepted that the Morgellons growth form is responsible for a partial alteration of the
blood from a ferrous to a ferric state, it follows that those with a more serious
manifestation of the condition may demonstrate a tendency toward increased levels of
methemoglobinemia. Whether or not this is the case is to be determined by the medical
profession at some time and place, however, initial investigative work on this proposal
will be presented within this report. Although only a preliminary and tentative analysis,
one spectrometric/chemical analysis made has indicated a potential level of an
approximate 7% oxidation state (3+) in the average hemoglobin measurement of this
report. This level would be without obvious visible symptoms as described earlier. This
analysis requires further examination to substantiate that finding.

Obviously there are many purported and claimed manifestations and variations of the
so-called "Morgellons" condition, and this paper is not able to encompass that scope or
debate. The work of this researcher places a focus on what is perceived to be an
originating growth form as identified through several years of observation and analysis
of various sample types (primarily filamentous in nature.) This paper will simply not have
the capacity to discuss all of the ramifications of diminished oxygen capacity of the
blood; it will have to suffice at this point to state that this process of discovery must now
begin. Some occasional comments on the subject will be presented as time and
circumstance allow me. Degrees of hypoxia and its effect upon cellular metabolism will
also become a point of investigation in our future. As a starter, please recall an opening
statement that all energy to the body is dependent upon respiration.

Finally, to end this section for the time being, a visual representation of the nature of
methemoglobinemia (deoxyhemoglobin) is repeated below for the reader's reference.




                                                                  The oxygenated heme
The dexoxygenated heme molecule (model) shown with
                                                                molecule(model) shown with
           oxygen atoms removed (red)
                                                                 oxygen atoms attached.
                               Source : Protein Data Bank
                  http://pdb108.rcsb.org/pdb/101/motm.do?momID=41

11. Ionization and Bond Disassociation Energy : The Cost of Oxidation:

It requires energy to form molecules49. It requires energy to remove an electron, i.e.,
oxidize an element or molecule49. And it takes energy to break bonds50. What this
means, in simple terms, is that the theft of energy from our cells to serve the metabolic
requirements of a pathological organism comes at a price to our body and our health.
The removal of an electron is called the ionization energy. These are referred to as the
first ionization energy, second ionization energy, third ionization energy, etc.
corresponding to the removal of one, two and three electrons respectively.. There is
energy required to remove two electrons from iron in the elemental state to the oxidation
state of iron (Fe2+). This oxidation state is the one that is most commonly found in
nature. To remove an additional electron, and bring iron to the Fe(3+) state requires
even more energy. Oxidation essentially represents the stealing of electrons from one
element or molecule by another.

The first ionization energy for iron is 7.9 electron volts (eV) (~760 kilojoules (kJ) per
mole), the second ionization energy is 16.2 eV (1560 kJ per mole) and the third
ionization energy is 30.6 ev (2960 kJ per mole)51. What this shows us is that it takes
almost twice as much energy to remove the electron to change the iron from the ferrous
(Fe2+) state to the ferric (Fe3+) state as it did to remove two electrons to change it from
the elemental form to the Fe(2+) state. From an energy standpoint, therefore, the
oxidation of iron referred to in this paper requires a relatively strong energy investment.

To get some sense of what this energy level actually means, let us translate what is
happening in the blood to something more tangible for us to visualize. If we assume a
5% reduction in oxygenated hemoglobin over a three month period (the approximate life
cycle of red blood cells), this will translate to an energy requirement of approximately
3240 joules over this three month period.

[Humans have roughly 2.5E13 red blood cells; 280E6 molecules of hemoglobin in each
red bllood cell; 7E21 molecules of hemoglobin in each red blood cell; four heme
molecules per red blood cell; approx. 2.8E22 Fe2+ iron atoms in the human body; at 5%
oxidation 1.4E21 atoms in the Fe(3+) state ; .0023 moles of iron in the Fe(3+) state,
.0023(2960kJ/M - 1560kJ/M) = approx. 3260 joules over a three month period.]

It takes approximately one joule of energy to raise an apple over your head. If these
approximate calculations are correct, this would be equal to raising roughly 3000+
apples over your head in a three month period. This equates to roughly three dozen
presses per day; this is not exactly trivial since this energy expended should be serving
your own interests vs. the metabolism of a detrimental pathogen. Regardless of the
computations, the energy is stolen energy.

It also takes energy to break chemical bonds. In this case, we can at least look at the
separation between the iron and oxygen atoms. The bond dissociation energy for the
iron-oxygen bond is 409 kJ per mole52. Again, even though we are making some
approximations, this leads to roughly another 940 joules of energy released in a
damaging manner if we assume the same three month period. Add lifting another 1000
apples to your detriment.

And lastly, it takes energy to form molecules. This brings up the entire discussion of
ligands again, as new molecules will form with the oxidized iron, many of them harmful
to the human body. For example, the ferricyanide complexes is one of the most likely
complexes to form from the altered iron, and it is toxic as well. To form that complex, or
other complexes that result from the spectrochemical series, will require additional
energy. From an energy standpoint alone, you are doing bench presses on a regular
basis and your health is suffering in the process.

There is a cost for the oxidation of the iron in our bodies, and that cost is to one's health.

12. Bacterial Requirements for Iron in the Blood:

For those patient enough to follow the course of this paper, it is fair to state that
significant efforts have been expended, from both a laboratory and a research point of
view, to demonstrate that changes in iron and the utilization of iron in a pathogenic
sense are at the heart of the Morgellons issue, at least from the perspective of this
researcher. The changes and impact upon the body have been demonstrated and they
will continue to be so. For those that are inclined to accept conclusions more readily
from the conventional literature, the following is provided from the section entitled,
Chemistry and Life, The Battle for Iron in Living Systems53:

 "A bacterium that infects the blood requires a source of iron if it is to grow and
                                           reproduce."

  Recognition of the truth and simplicity of this statement may have saved a great deal of
  time and effort, but this particular reference was not found until the same conclusion
  was reached from direct experience. The time and effort has not been lost by any
  means, as there is now a deeper understanding from whence this statement comes. Let
  us now add some complimentary information to the direct knowledge given to us from
  the statement above. First of all, it is true that the work does not positively identify the
  sub-micron spherical originating organism as a known or specific bacterium. It does,
  however, seem to be a most relevant consideration. At this point, it is best to refer the
  reader to a prior paper that expresses the proposition of essentially an "engineered"
  organism54. that combines the prokaryote, eukaryote and archaea life forms. The
  bacterial form is a subset of this larger life classification system and the above
  statement holds as true and relevant to the work. On a more general level, we can delve
  into the question further and ask whether bacterial forms are commonly involved in the
  consumption of iron. The answer is yes. From a variety of sources, we can only confirm
  further the findings of the current research; the fact that bacterial forms require iron for
  their survival is readily verifiable:

"Like their human hosts, bacteria need iron to survive and they must obtain that iron from the
environment. While humans obtain iron primarily through the food they eat, bacteria have
evolved complex and diverse mechanisms to allow them access to iron... Iron is the single
most important micronutrient bacteria need to survive... understanding how these bacteria
survived within us is a critical element of learning how to defeat them 55."
"Bacteria metabolize iron as a food source and release iron oxide as a waste
product...bacterial waste lowers pH56."
"The term iron bacteria does not refer to a specific genus or species but rather to those
bacteria in which reduced iron plays an important role in their metabolism... A great variety of
bacteria can be involved in this process. The "true" iron bacteria are those in which the
oxidation of iron is an important source for their metabolic energy. This group is most often
associated with filamentous or stalked forms...57"
"Bacterial requirements for growth include sources of energy, "organic" carbon (e.g., sugars
and fatty acids) and metal ions (e.g., iron).....Nutrient Requirements: These include sources
of organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and metal ions including iron. Bacteria
secrete small molecules that bind iron (siderophores). Siderophores (with bound iron) are
then internalized via receptors by the bacterial cell58."
"Siderophores are biosynthetically produced and secreted by many bacteria, yeasts, fungi
and plants, to scavenge for ferric ion (Fe3+). They are selective iron-chelators that have an
extremely high affinity for binding this trivalent metal ion..... The emerging overall picture is
that ion metabolism plays an extremely important role during bacterial infections.59."
"The ability of pathogens to obtain iron from transferrins, ferritin, hemoglobin, and other iron-
containing proteins of their host is central to whether they live or die..Some invading bacteria
respond by producing specific iron chelators - siderophores - that remove the iron from the
host sources60."
"Iron is one of the most common elements in the Earth's crust and forms a ready oxidation
state. Bacteria use this as a source of energy and as a means of waste disposal.. Iron
metabolism is also a significant part of bacterial virulence...It has been established
experimentally by injecting iron soluble compounds into test animals with infections that
adding more iron causes the bacteria to thrive....Bacteria put out compounds, called
siderophores, which attract and bond free iron compounds by chemical processes; these are
then oxidized and excreted as a byproduct61."
"Iron (Fe) has long been a recognized physiological requirement for life, yet for many
organisms... its role extends well beyond that of a nutritional necessity. Fe(II) can function as
an electron source for iron-oxidizing microorganisms under both oxic and anoxic conditions
and Fe(III) can function as a terminal acceptor under anoxic conditions for iron-reducing
organisms62."
"Given the role of free iron in creating DNA damage, it is unsurprising that bacteria have
evolved methods to scavenge it....Despite the sophisticated biochemical and genetic
strategies that can be brought to bear upon bacteria, we still know remarkably little about the
physical mechanisms of iron transport, storage, and regulation, and virtually nothing about
iron trafficking and its insertion into metalloproteins. These areas are ripe for future work63."

  As a parting comment within this section, there is a class of siderophores produced by
  certain bacteria that bind in particular to iron in the Fe(3+) state64,65,66. These
  siderophores are called enterbactin. What distinguishes this class is an incredibly strong
  bond to the iron (i.e., chelation) in the 3+ state, and it can not be broken through normal
  physiological processes or with such proteins as transferrin. This type of siderophore is
  usually found in Gram-negative forms of bacteria. Readers may recall that several years
  ago gram stain tests were repeatedly performed on the bacterial-like organism under
  study and discussion here. The results of those tests were Gram-negative. Enterobactin
  and ferrichrome therefore emerge as important targets of further research within the iron
  dilemma.

  The journey to the current state of knowledge has been a long one, and for that matter,
  it has been unnecessarily long. We can, nevertheless, take some solace in knowing that
  some findings of importance are before us. There is also now a stronger sense of
  direction of what is required and what is to be done. If you would like to hasten this
  process, you have the opportunity to do so67.

  13. The Oral Filament and Red Wine Reaction Resolved

  It has long been a mystery as to why there is such a definite and visible reaction,
  especially of color, between the oral filament samples and red wine or related solutions.
  This mystery has now been resolved with a combination of investigative chemical
  research and the knowledge of iron changes in the body. The reason for the strong
  reaction is the formation of a metal complex of Fe(3+) in combination with the pigments
  found in red wine. Once again, at least some knowledge of coordination chemistry in
  combination with transition metal characteristics proves fruitful. Grapes, red wine and
  many related fruits or vegetables contain a group of pigments called anthocyanins. A
search of the literature will reveal that iron, especially in the ferric state (Fe3+), will form
metal complexes with these pigments68,69,70,71,72. The color of many of these metal
complexes is often a deep purple, exactly that which is known to occur in the
combination of the oral filaments with the red wine.

It is also of interest to learn that the molecular structure of the complex, i.e, the
combination of Fe(3+) with anthocyanins, has a chemical structure with some similarity
to that of ferrichromes. Ferrichromes are a product of bacterial consumption of iron, and
they involve the formation of strong chemical bonds that tie up the iron within a ferric
metal complex.

It is the understanding of the chemistry of iron in its various states along with the
important but more complex branch of coordination chemistry that has allowed us to
understand the nature of the ferric iron - red wine reaction. This understanding provides
one further level of verification and confirmation of the change of iron that occurs within
the body as a direct result of the pathogenic metabolism.

14. Some Health Implications; The Value of the Holistic Approach to Medicine

For those that seek a pill to remedy the dilemmas of the Morgellons "situation", you
must seek elsewhere. My work will not offer such a simple path for you. The research of
the past several years on the bio-engineering issues has been a journey of education in
health, myself included. Out of this research I have developed a level of respect for the
wholistic approach to medicine and for those who practice it well. Those who have this
knowledge coupled with strong foundations of chemistry, biology and physics will earn
even greater respect as they are likely to be our better sources for counsel.

Let us start with some of the controversy in language regarding the issue of a
"condition" vs. a "disease". As the work indicates that the general population is subject
to the pathogenic forms under study, it becomes even a more sensitive issue as we
confront our own involvement irrespective of our wishes or personal belief systems. I
will start this discussion with reference to a rather hefty tome, Robbins Pathologic Basis
of Disease73. This book may not be bedside reading for most of us, but in many ways it
should be. It is a real eye opener for the uninitiated. For now, let us introduce just a few
insights that this reference will provide to us. First, what pathology actually refers to, in
the origin of the word, is suffering. We can play with semantics all that we wish, but
those suffer in a biological sense will need to deal with the reality of the terms pathogen
and disease. Cells, tissues and organs that sustain injury are at the root of the study of
pathology. Study the textbook and reach your own conclusions as to the severity of
affliction. It is a diminishment to the reality and seriousness of the issue if we classify
the current situation as a "condition" for our own personal palatabilities and
psychological comfort. It is difficult to deny the classification of "Morgellons" as a
disease or as of pathogenic form if you look at the underlying mechanisms of damage
that have taken and are taking place. I may not please the reader but that is not my
purpose here; it is to confront and comprehend the reality of our existence be it kind or
brutal.
The next topic concerns what we must read to get started with our education on
pathology. Robbins' book is roughly 1500 pages long. If we can digest even a portion of
the first 40 pages, we have done ourselves a great service. It will be found that this
introductory section alone will spell out the majority of the specific mechanisms and
actions of injury to our health at the cellular level; this foundation will underlie the
remainder of the book which will go on to address injury to further organs. A knowledge
of cellular injury is crucial to our understanding of any disease and how it works its
damage upon the body. It is not especially relevant at this stage of our discussion to
single out the particular malady at hand; understand the mechanisms of cellular
damage in general and tremendous progress can be made in the path to better health
and health understanding. This particular book is more than 20 years old and yet the
level of knowledge on how disease damages the body is evident, open and obvious to
those that are willing to take a look at it. This knowledge can be applied to any
circumstance of illness that I can foresee, past or present, including our current
problems. It will be to our benefit to invest this effort for what awaits us as we learn to
apply that knowledge. A standard and comprehensive book on pathology is at the very
heart of medical knowledge and application; those with a wholistic approach to medicine
that seek the source of a problem versus a prescribed band-aid deserve our greatest
respect and honor. This particular chapter of this paper will never be completed as the
pathways and connections within the body never cease to amaze me. I am an infant in
these wonders myself and must admit my own negligence with respect to the
understandings of physiology, disease and health. In many ways, the course to better
health has been spelled out for us many years, even decades, ago and it is our job to at
least acquaint ourselves with the work that has already been done for us.

This preparation established, let us at least briefly mention what the four systems of
damage (i.e., vulnerabilities) are to the cells in our bodies through disease 74: These
criteria form the very basis of pathology:

1. Damage to the cell wall or membrane.

2. Aerobic respiration (i.e., oxygen based respiration) and the production of
energy within the cells.

3. The creation of enzymes and proteins within the cells.

4. Preservation of the genetic integrity of the cells.

My work indicates, at this point, that every one of these critical factors underlying
damage to our bodies is underway or is likely to be underway within the mechanisms of
the Morgellons pathogenic forms. It is much harder to prove that any one of them is not
involved than it is to make the case that they are in effect. If this is to be accepted, the
very core, foundation and definition of "disease" is in full bloom here and it is only a
diversion to avoid that unpleasant reality. The necessary job is to understand the forces
at work in great detail from a biochemical perspective and then get to work on the
solutions to the problems that they pose for us a species and as a whole. The stakes
are serious enough; make your decision as to when and how your are going to become
involved in your own survival and those that follow.

Let us give some introductory examples or thoughts as to how and why these factors
are likely to be involved.

In terms of damage to the cell wall or membrane, the damage to the red blood cell walls
has been aptly documented. Please see the previous paper entitled "A Mechanism of
Blood Damage75".

In terms of aerobic respiration, it is also now clear that the oxygen carrying capacity of
the blood is expected to occur as a result of the increased oxidation level (Fe3+) of iron
with the blood. Recall that oxygen does not bind to hemoglobin when the iron is in the
Fe (3+) state. If the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood is diminished, the production
of energy (ATP) is also expected to be diminished.

With regard to enzyme (most enzymes are proteins) and protein production within the
cells, it is a fact that essentially all cellular reactions that take place within the body
require enzymes for those reactions to occur76. And, as an example of the tie between
iron and enzymes, approximately one-third of all enzymes require metal ions77 and iron
is also an essential component of many proteins and enzymes78. If cellular metabolism
is interfered with (i.e, the production of energy by the mitochondria) then the catalytic
reactions involving enzymes within the cells are disrupted.

Lastly, oxidation in the body produces free radicals79,80; an excess of oxidation can
exacerbate this issue. Free radicals can damage DNA and can result in the alteration of
a given gene81. Iron is involved in the production of DNA82. The alteration of the iron
state of the blood can therefore also jeopardize the genetic integrity of the cell.

What we see, therefore is that any alteration or interference of iron metabolism in the
body leads to serous and systemic degradation in human health and functioning. In
addition, the very mechanisms of damage (as defined from a pathological perspective)
to the cells are identified as being factors of the Morgellons situation and they fully
satisfy the definition of a diseased organism. It is this comprehensive and systemic
effect upon the body which necessitates the call to integrative and wholistic medicine
with a strong foundation in biochemistry. It is not anticipated at this point that a myopic
perspective on either symptoms or effects is likely to be beneficial at the level that is
required to establish health.

15. Identification of physiological conditions that are in probable conjunction with
the condition:

Based upon the understanding that has been presented thus far, there exists a set of
physiological conditions that is expected to be more likely to occur in the "Morgellons
affected individual" than in the general population. It is a probabilistic offering only. This
information is not intended to be diagnostic in any sense and the postulates are
presented solely as a result of analytic and observational research. The
information is offered to the medical community for their evaluation and assessment as
the issue is approached with greater seriousness in the future. There is no guarantee or
implied guarantee that any of the following symptoms or conditions will occur; only that
they may deserve consideration by the medical community as the situation is
researched further. The list of candidate effects upon the body may or may not include:

1. An increased level of acidity in the body (may be most easily assessed by urine pH
testing).

2. Diminished oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.

3. Lower energy levels due to interference in the ATP production cycle; greater fatigue.

4. The presence of filament structures (ferric iron - anthocyanin complexes) within oral
samples.

5. Recent research indicates that the urinary tract may be equally affected with the
presence of the filament structures.

6. The presence of a bacterial-like component (chlamydia-like) within or surrounding the
red blood cells.

7. Chronic decreased body temperature.

8. Respiratory problems, including proclivities toward a chronic cough or walking
pneumonia-like symptoms.

9. Skin manifestation at the more developed levels (the skin is an excretory organ).

10. The impact of increased oxidation, greater free radical presence and their damaging
effects upon the body.

11. Tooth decay or loss.

12. The smoking population may exhibit an increased incidence of the condition due to
additional oxygen inhibition within the blood.

13. Liver toxicity, gall bladder and bile duct complications.

14. Potential reduction in arterial transport; increased blood pressure.

15. Potential proclivity toward increased cancer incidence due to an expected increase
in aneroboic metabolism.

16. Additional unidentified systemic damage in conjunction with the pathological
mechanisms of cell injury identified.

16. A Proposed Spectral Analysis Project:

A relatively simple method to assess whether or not the oxygen content of the blood is
abnormally low has been created. The method uses the combination of an ordinary
computer scanner along with statistical analysis. Before this method is outlined further, I
would like to give due credit to Fathima Shihana, BSc with the authored paper entitled
"A Simple Quantitative Bedside Test to Determine Methemoglobin" from the Annals of
Emergence Medicine83. This paper has served as the inspiration for the approach
described here.

A spectrometer is a relatively costly instrument and it availability is limited. The paper
above describes a method whereby an ordinary scanner can be used to establish a
calibrated relationship between the color of blood (as recorded by a color scanner) and
the loss of oxygen content (methoglobinemia) within that same blood. The cleverness of
the idea resides in the fact that a color scanner, along with suitable analysis software, is
essentially a spectrometer in its own right. Any color combination may be broken down
into quantitative measurements of the red, blue and green channels of that color, and a
scanner ingeniously serves as a readily acceptable spectrometer in its own right.

The paper referred to deals with situations of methoglobinemial that be lethal or
extremely injurious to life; the project here is operating on a much more subtle level in
an effort to determine both lesser magnitudes of the condition (i.e., asymptomatic) and
finer gradations within. Without the advantage of calibration against known lab
standards, the scanner still serves as an excellent and simple tool for relative changes
in the condition of the blood. Highly oxygenated blood is a rich red in color. Oxygen
deprived blood is more bluish and color and blood devoid of oxygen is brown. Our goal
with the current project is to be able to determine relatively minor (but nevertheless
significant) shifts in the color of blood from red toward the blue portion of the spectrum.

As shown below, a modern computer color scanner can be used as a three channel
(red, green, blue) spectrometer and it can be used to establish a highly unique signature
for an appropriate sample. The proposed project of blood spectral analysis processes
the sample data in a unique fashion, but the spirit of the research paper referred to
above remains the foundation of the approach.
                                            x.

In practice, it has been found that the red channel is sufficient to identify color shifts
within the blood that indicate a decreased oxygen supply to the blood; If you would like
to participate in this research project, please send correspondence to
info@carnicominstitute.org and the particulars can be described. The only essential
requirement to participate in the project is that of a color scanner. Please be aware that
no individual feedback or assessment will be provided to those that participate in this
project; any data will be handled in a statistical sense and any data analysis will be
presented to the public in an anonymous fashion. If the medical community becomes
involved in this research the prospects of discussion may be able to widen.

What follows below is an example of the processing that the project entails, including
the scan of a drop of blood by two separate individuals and the statistical processing of
a group of individuals that have contributed to the research project:
                                          Individual A.                                   Individual B.

                              A scan of the blood of the individual.          A scan of the blood of the individual.
                                 This individual has no outward                   This individual has stated and
                               manifestations of the "Morgellons"                 demonstrated significant skin
                               symptoms. The red channel of the                manifestations of the "Morgellons"
                              spectrum has been analyzed from a                symptoms. The red channel of the
                              statistical perspective. The individual         spectrum has been analyzed from a
                            has a relative rank in the +86% (-100%            statistical perspective. The individual
                           to +100%) percentile, indicating a shift of           has a relative rank in the -92%
                             the color toward the red portion of the         percentile (-100% to 100%), indicating
                              spectrum. This dominance of the red              a shift of the color toward the blue
                            portion of the spectrum indicates more              portion of the spectrum. This shift
                               highly oxygenated blood within the                towards the blue portion of the
                                           group sample.                      spectrum indicates a decrease in the
                                                                                 oxygen level of the blood of the
                                                                            individual. This finding is in accordance
                                                                              with the primary thesis of this paper.




readsheet analysis for the sample group. The worksheet analyzes the statistical properties of the sample group (11 individuals) with respec
e spectrums of the red, green and blue channels. In practice, it is found that the red channel shifts in the spectrum are sufficient to characte
ions in color. The color changes, or shifts, are an expression of the oxygen content of the blood. The sample group at this time is limited an
high probability of being polarized with a limited data set. A broader sample group is expected to reveal a more even distribution of oxygen s
ficiency. If you would like to contribute to this research project, please contact info@carnicominstitute.org for the particulars. No individual d
                  be provided to participants; all analysis and presentation will be from an anonymous statistical perspective.
                                                .

 17. A Review of Proposed Mitigation Strategies:

 With the understanding of how a malady affects the body, we are in a stronger position
 to develop strategies to mitigate the damage. The better approach is to put a stop to the
 problem, but that requires a broader coordination and alliance than has been achieved
 thus far. We can at least consider and establish some defenses while the forces of
 political and social organization continue to arm themselves. What follows here are
 merely suggestions to consider; they are in no way to interpreted as therapeutic or
 diagnostic in approach. Each of the following strategies has been developed as a direct
 response to laboratory conditions or academic study; they are not formulated within any
 formal medical framework. Each individual is responsible for consulting with the medical
 professionals of their choice and the following information is provided solely for
 consideration within that consultation. Many of these items have been mentioned
 previously and the list has accumulated in a gradual fashion. Understanding the extent
 of the problem, it is not intended that the "list" is complete; in fact it would seem that it is
 only a beginning. It will be noticed that many of these strategies can apply to human
 health in general. The primary mechanisms of many diseases are actually few in
 number and these have been enumerated in the discussion of pathology above.

 All being said, let us proceed with some strategies for mitigation of the "condition".

 1. Alkalization of the body would appear to be a beneficial practice in general with
 respect to disease84,85,86. It has been identified that the organism flourishes within an
 acidic environment87,88. It is also known that biochemical processes usually take place
 within a specific pH range, including the growth of pathogenic forms89,90,91.

 2. The research indicates that excessive oxidation is detrimental to health. This topic
 has also been discussed previously in an earlier paper92. Common oxidizers include the
 bleaches, peroxides and ozone. The research indicates, from the vantage point of this
 researcher, that internal use of these substances is likely to be harmful to human health.
 We do not solve the problem of oxidation within the body by necessarily increasing the
 intake of oxygen. Indeed, one of primary arguments of this paper is that the blood of the
 affected individual has been oxidized in a fashion that has the net effect of decreasing
 the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. Excessive and misplaced oxidation also
 creates free radicals, which as been noted, "wreak havoc in the living system."We do
 not solve that problem by taking more oxygen; we work on the problem by hindering the
 oxidative process. The manner in which this process is conducted in the chemical world
 is known as reduction. In common terms, the appropriate term is that of an anti-oxidant,
 and many of us are familiar with that parlance.

 I take stock in the following statement, again from Coltrane93:

"Once free radicals are formed, how does the body get rid of them? There are several
systems that contribute to termination or inactivation of free radical reactions:

1. ....Antioxidants (.e.g, vitamins, glutathion, transferrin..)

2. Enzymes."

 The statements here are direct and understandable and come from a standard textbook
 in pathology. It is relatively straightforward that if a problem of excessive oxidation exists
 within the body, one should strongly consider the role that anti-oxidants play in
 reversing those effects. It is equally inadvisable, from this researcher's point of view, to
 compound the issue with the addition of known strong oxidizers internal to the body

 Vitamins, across the board (A, B, C, D,E) are powerful antioxidants. An additional
 powerful antioxidant identified in the research is that of glutathion. The role of Vitamin C
 (ascorbic acid) in the inhibition of the culture growth has already been described. There
 remain many additional anti-oxidants of importance in human health94.

 3. Increasing the utilization and absorption of existing iron within the body. Iron is
 certainly one of the most important elements of the body. Referring to the Linus Pauling
 Institute95,

"Iron has the longest and best described history among all the micronutrients. It is a key
element in the metabolism of almost all living organisms. In humans, iron is an essential
component of hundreds of proteins and enzymes."

 One of the findings from the study of coordination chemistry described above is that iron
 has the ability to bond with numerous other molecules. For example, iron (in the Fe2+
 state) preferentially bonds to oxygen. If the iron is altered to the Fe(3+) state. it will no
 longer bond to oxygen. In this modified state, the iron will then form additional bonds to
 other molecules, many of which are harmful as has also been described above. The
 idea of a chelator is to keep the oxygen bound in a protected state where it can not bind
 so easily with other, often harmful, molecules. Heme itself, within hemoglobin, is a
 classic example of a chelator. If our iron has been altered to where it becomes free or
 bound to other molecules (potentially harmful ligands), the solution to that problem
 would not seem to be to take more iron, any more than increasing the oxygen intake is
 expected to resolve a problem of oxidation.

 The more effective solution would appear to be to keep the iron in a chelated state,
 where it is bound and protected by the expected molecules and proteins such as heme
 in the body. This therefore suggests that increased attention would be devoted to the
 study and role of chelators in human health. It does not seem reasonable that we would
 automatically pursue a path of increasing iron intake; indeed this process can be quite
 harmful and dangerous to human health. Again, the importance of consultation with the
 medical professionals of choice is unequivocally stated; the stakes of the issues we are
 speaking of are of the highest importance.
4. The inhibition of the growth of iron-consuming bacteria (and bacteria-archea like)
forms.

We know now that the organism uses iron for its existence and growth. It appears that
iron in the further oxidized state (i.e, Fe3+) is of primary benefit to the organism. We
also know, in retrospect, that iron is a critical metabolic element within many of the
bacteria (or bacteria-archaea like forms). One strategy that develops with such
organism is that of inhibiting the ability of the organism to access or metabolize the iron.
This once again brings up the idea of a chelator. This topic has also been discussed in
an earlier paper, and introduced the role of human breast milk and its resistance to
bacterial forms in infant growth96. Lactoferrin (found in whey) was identified as a
potential strong chelating protein within that research. Transferrin is another protein
chelator within the human digestive tract that serves a similar purpose, i.e., binding of
the iron and consequently it becomes less accessible to iron-consuming bacteria (or
bacteria-archea like forms).

5. Improving the flow of bile in the system to further alkalize the body and aid the
digestive system. The liver, the gall bladder and the bile duct play an extremely
important role in alkalizing the digestive tract. For those that demonstrate a persistent
acidic condition within the body it may be beneficial to learn of the importance of bile
production and its alkalizing function. An excellent introduction to the physiology of this
important aspect of human health may be found at the following site:

               Video Series: Liver, Gall Bladder and Bile Duct Physiology
                         (www.balancedhealthtoday.com/glytamins.html)

An acidic condition can easily be created with a blockage of the bile duct, as the bile is
the alkalizing agent within the intestine. Gall bladder removal and gall stones appear to
be a frequent occurrence; this would suggest that overloads of toxicity to the liver could
well be at the root of this problem. Non-invasive methods of breaking down gall stones
(conglomeration of bile) are available to consider, such as Chanca Piedra (breakstone).
If the bile flow is restricted, an acidic condition within the body is expected to exist.
Knowledge of the physiology of the liver, gall bladder, bile duct and its relationship to
digestion may be beneficial in mitigating the consequences of acidity within the body
and digestive system.

6. Detoxification of the liver (toxin removal and the breakdown of lipids(fats)). One of the
many functions of the liver is to break down fats with the use of bile. If the bile is not
being produced or flowing within the digestive system, the fats will accumulate within
the liver. The liver also removes toxins from the body. If the liver is not functioning
correctly (e.g, from an accumulation of fats or the lack of bile flow) serious
consequences to health will ensue.

As an aside and as an unreported event, I received information indirectly many years
ago from a U.S. Naval pathologist. This pathologist was provided certain
microphotographs of blood samples that I had taken. The research was not mature to
the point that it is now, however, it was mentioned by the pathologist that the condition I
was reporting is indeed commonly being observed. This pathologist, to the best of my
recollection, attributed the source of the problem to the failure of a particular enzyme
within the liver. At this point I cannot recall the name of the specific enzyme. It is
nevertheless of great interest to understand that the liver now exists as one of the
primary targets of systematic failure within the Morgellons research that is underway.

There are many serious consequences to a liver that is overloaded with toxins. Another
example of damage, beyond fatty accumulation, is what is called lipid peroxidation. Lipid
peroxidation is caused by the presence of free radicals and it involves the deterioration
of fats through an oxidation process. In layman terms, the situation can be equated to
that of rancid, or spoiling fats.

The value of knowledge on detoxification of the liver now becomes apparent. The free
flow of bile (indicated by peristalsis, or rhythmic contractions of the intestine) may be
one of the first conditions to indicate improved digestive activity. Liver detoxification is
an important subject in its own right and is likely worthy of serious investigation, study
and application by each of us. The purpose here is to indicate simply another aspect of
human health that is deeply enmeshed in the path to better health, and that is a
smoothly functioning liver.

7. Enzymes. What we are learning here is that the road to better health and the
prevention of disease, regardless of the source, requires an integrative process. It may
require more effort than many of us are willing to expend. We soon become aware,
especially when we seek answers to the serious problems posed above, that we must
start to learn how the body actually works. We must start to learn the relationships of
one part of the system to another. It is a fascinating and hopefully beneficial process if
you are willing to pursue that pathway, but it will not be accomplished without effort on
your part. It requires the same of me.

Another simple example of another important relationship is the following. Essentially
every chemical reaction that takes place in the body requires the use of enzymes.
With an understanding and appreciation of this profound statement, my appreciation for
understanding the nature and role of enzymes is now earnest. Enzymes are actually an
amazing chemical phenomena; they essentially cause something to happen that would
not happen otherwise, and the enzymes themselves are not even changed in the
process. They provide an alternative energy pathway to get something done, and with
the overall reaction requiring less energy in the process. One analogy given is that of a
tunnel through a mountain; you can either climb over the mountain and expend a great
deal of energy and effort (and maybe never make it over the top) or you can go through
a tunnel if one happens to be there. An enzyme is somewhat analogous to the tunnel
though the mountain.

An example of an enzymatic, or catalytic, reaction, is shown in the video segment within
this report and above. In this case, hydrogen peroxide is added to iron (ferric) oxide.
What the observer sees is a vigorous bubbling reaction. What is occurring in the
reaction is that the hydrogen peroxide is being decomposed, or broken down into
oxygen and water. The iron in the reaction serves as the catalyst. If you study this
reaction long enough, you will find the iron oxide is not changed no matter how long you
watch it. It is counter-intuitive, as when we see vigorous bubbles reacting to iron, we
expect the iron to visibly change or deteriorate in the process. It does not. But the
reaction would not occur without the iron present.

[Edit : Dec 01 2011 :

A drop of one or two degrees in body temperature can have a marked effect on body
metabolism and enzyme activity. It is expected that this level of decrease in body
temperature could correspondingly decrease enzyme activity on the order of 10% to
even 40%97,98. As we have learned of the one to one correspondence between
metabolism and enzyme activity, major impairment of our metabolism and functioning is
expected with decreased body temperatures. There is an accumulated body of
information that indicates that the body temperatures of the general population may now
well be lower by this same amount of one to two degrees. This topic exists as a focal
point of future research.]

Now that we see more clearly the importance and function of enzymes, we can also
understand why a lacking enzyme within the liver might be very serious business. It
therefore behooves us to add an additional field of study to our pursuits in biochemistry
and health restoration, and this is the study of enzymes. We must learn what enzymes
are likely to be involved within the systems that are known to be failing (circulation,
respiration, digestion, etc) and what can be done to restore the deficiencies. Once
again, I can see no alternative to wholistic and integrative medicine and health research
in the solution to the problems before us.



In summary, I now see five major challenges before us with the "Morgellons" issue
based upon the research that I have conducted to date:

1. The iron within the blood, to a partial degree, is being changed in a way that it no
longer binds with oxygen at the normal levels that are expected. This same iron is being
used by the organism to sustain its own existence and growth. Diminished oxygen
carrying capacity of the blood is therefore expected to occur in coincidence with the
severity of the condition.

2. The presence of free radicals are likely to increase in number and extent as a result
of the oxidation process mentioned immediately above. Free radicals are known to
"wreak havoc in the living system", as has been mentioned earlier.

3. The altered iron (Fe3+ vs Fe2+) now binds to other molecules, many of them toxic or
harmful to health, instead of oxygen as is expected. Several of these alternative ligands
are known respiratory inhibitors, and therefore further exacerbate the failures in
respiration.

4. The bacteria-like form, which appears to be at the origin of the pathogen, itself binds
to oxygen to support its own existence. This is in addition to the consumption of iron
already identified. This combination further increases the severity of consequence to
human health.

5. The presence of the organism, as encountered, appears to be extensive within the
body. It appears to occur within the circulatory, digestive and urinary systems as a
minimum.

A few, and only a few, suggestions have been given about how these problems can be
approached. These strategies are by no means intended to encompass all needs before
us. The will hopefully, however, provide a stepping stone to the further research that
exists before us. These problems will never be solved with ignorance or apathy. I
encourage you to participate in the process of resolution and accountability, and to
support those who act on that same behalf.

Sincerely,

Clifford E Carnicom
Oct 15, 2011

  Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
      unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
               are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.


                                          Carnicom Institute

Clifford E Carnicom
(born Clifford Bruce Stewart, Jan 19 1953)

References:

1. Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine, Dr. P.K. Joseph, PhysicianByte.com

2. Hemoglobin, Wikepedia, July 2011.

3. Hemoglobin, Chemistry Explained, N.M. Senozan.

4. Iron in Cell Culture, Sigma-Aldrich, sigmaaldrich.com.

5. Biochemstry Demystified, Sharon Walker, PhD, 2008, McGraw Hill, p. 264.
6. Iron, University of North Carolina at Pembroke.

7. Determination of Iron with 1,10-Phenanthroline, University of Tennessee, Knoxville,
Department of Chemistry.

8. Morgellons : A Discovery and a Proposal, C.E. Carnicom, February 2011.

9. Ibid., Carnicom.

10. IUPAC Gold Book - Fenton Reaction, IUPAC Compendium of Chemical
Terminology.

11. Qualitative Analysis Tests, Chemical Identification Tests for Positive Ions, Phil
Brown, PhD.

12. Qualitative Analysis Tests, Chemical Identification Tests for Negative Ions, Phil
Brown, PhD.13. Easy Chemistry, Josehp A. Mascetta, M.S., 2009, Barron's Educational
Series, pp. 373-375.

13. Definition of Coordinate Covalent Bond, Everything Bio, An All Encompassing Bio
Resource.

14. Oxford Dictionary of Chemistry, 2000, Oxford University Press, p 120.

15. A-Z Chemistry, Andrew Hunt, 2003, by McGraw-Hill, p. 101-102.

16. Coordinate Covalent Bond - Definition, wordiq.com.

17. Modern Biology, Albert Towle, 1999 by Holt, Rinehart & Winston. pp.939, 1108.

18. Biology, Neil A Campbell, PhD. 1993 by Benjamin Cummings Publishing Co. p. 843.

19. Campbell, p 844.

20. Morgellons : A Discovery and a Proposal, Carnicom.

21.Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine, Dr. P.K. Joseph.

22. Ibid., Joseph.

23. Morgellons, A Fourth Match, Carnicom, 2008.

24. Morgellons: The Wine-Peroxide Test, Carnicom, 2008.

25. Morgellons: The Extent of the Problem, Carnicom 2010.
26. Morgellons: A Status Report, Carnicom, 2009.

27. Chemistry Made Simple, John T. Moore, Ed. D., 2004, Broadway Books, p 134-135.

28. Foundations of College Chemistry, Morris Hein, 1996 by Brooks/Cole Publishing
Co., p 157-158.

29. American Druggist, Volume 22, Google Books, p 197.

30. Oxidation of Ascorbic Acid, Chemistry Comes Alive, Volume 5.

31. Growing Metal Crystals; Electrolysis of Metal Salts, Derek's Mundane Web.

32. Electroplating, Electrochemistry Encyclopedia, Case Western Reserve University,
Ernest B. Yeager Center for Electrochemical Sciences.

33. General Chemistry, Linus Pauling, Dover Publishing, 1988, pp. 512-520.

34.Can Iron Ore Be Extracted by Electrolyis?, Yahoo Answers, Malaysia.

35. Iron (III) Oxide, Journal of Chemical Education, Vol 78, No. 10, October 2001.

36. Catalytic Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide and 2-chlorophenol with iron oxides,
Water Research, Vol. 35, Issue 9, June 2001, pp.2291-2299. Abstract.

37. Ligand, Wikipedia.

38. Thinkwell Chemistry, Transition Elements, Dr. Dean Harmon and Dr. Gordon Yee.

39. Spectrochemical Series, ChemWiki, University of California at Davis.

40. Ibid., Ligand, Wikipedia.

41. Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry, Chapter 20 Notes, University of
Washington, p.5.

42. Ibid, Walker., Chemicals That Impede Hemoglobin Functions - Poisons. P 272

43. Ibid., Thinkwell Chemistry.

44. Altered Blood, Carnicom, Jun 2011.

45. Definition of Methemoglobinemia, MedicineNet.com.

46. Causes and Clinical Significance of Increased Methemoglobin, Asociacion Espanola
de Farmaceuticos Analistas., www.aefa.es.
47. Ibid., AEFA.

48. Ibid., AEFA.

49. Ibid., Walker, p. 27.

49. Respiration, Royal Society of Chemistry, www.rsc.org.

50. Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions, Avogadro Web Site, www.avogadro.co.uk.

51. Ionization Potentials of Atoms and Atomic Ions, Handbook of Chemistry and
Physics, 82nd Edition, CRC Press, p 10-175.

52. Properties of Atoms, Radicals and Ions, Table 4.11 Bond Dissociation Energies,
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Buenos Aires.

53. Chemistry, The Central Science, Theodore L. Brown, PhD, 2006 by Pearson
Education - Prentice Hall, p. 1036.

54. Morgellons: A New Classification. Carnicom. Feb. 2010.

55. How Some Bacteria May Steal from their Human Hosts, Science Daily, Aug 2008.

56. Do Bacteria Affect the Rusting of Iron?, Douglas Bintzler, www.ehow.com.

57. Iron Bacteria,BioVir Laboratories, Inc., www. biovir.com.

58. Bacteriology - Chapter Three - Nutrition, Growth and Energy Metabolism, Dr. Alvin
Fox, Microbiology and Immunology On-line, University of South Carolina School of
Medicine.

59. Siderophore Uptake in Bacteria and the Battle for Iron with the Host; A Bird's Eye
View, Chu BC, Biometals, Aug 23. 2010., Abstract.

60. Iron Metabolism in Pathogenic Bacteria, Colin Ratledge, Annual Review of
Microbiology, Vol 54. p. 881-941, Abstract.

61. Iron Metabolism Bacteria, Ken Burnside, www.ehow.com.

62. Microorganisms Pumping Iron; Anaerobic Microbial Iron Oxidation and Reduction,
Karrie A Weber, Nature Reviews Microbiology, Oct. 2006, Abstract.

63. Free Iron in Bacteria, Jim Imlay PhD, Department of Microbiology, University of
Illinois, Urbana-Champaing, Society for Radical Biology and Medicine.
64. Topic 6, Coordination Compounds, Georgia Tech University, Chemistry and
Biochemistry, www.chemistry.gatech.edu.

65.Enterobactin, Wikipedia.

66. Siderophore Electrochemistry: Relation to Intracellular Iron Release Mechanism,
Proceedings National Academy of Science, Vol. 75, No 8, pp. 3551-3554. Aug 1978,
Chemistry.

67. Carnicom Institute, www.carnicominstitute.org.

68. A Spectrofluorimetric Sensor Based on Grape Skin Tissue for Determination of
Iron(III), Minghui Zhang, Bulletin Chemical Society of Ethiopia 2010 24(1), 31-37.

69. The Role of Iron and Tion in Discoloration of Berry and Red Beet Juices, Heikki
Pyysalo, Zeitschrift Fur Lebensmitteluntersuchung Und - Forschung A, Volume 153,
Number 4, 224-233. Abstract.

70. Blue Metal Complex Pigments Involved in Blue Flower Color, Kosaku Takeda,
Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B, Physical and Biological Sciences, Vol 82
(2006), No. 4, p 142-154. Abstract.

71. Determination of Anthocyanins in Red Wine Using a Newly Developed Method
Based on Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, A. Soriano, Food Chemistry, Vol.
104, Issue 3, 2007, P1295-1303. Abstract.

72. Iron-Polyphenol Complex Formation and Skin Discoloration in Peaches and
Nectarines, Guiwen Cheng, Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science,
Vol 122, Jan. 1997, p. 95-99.

73. Robbins Pathologic Basis of Disease, Ramzi S. Cotran, M.D., 1989, W. B. Saunders
Company, 4th Edition

74. Ibid., Cotran, p 3.

75. A Mechanism of Blood Damage, C.E. Carnicom, Dec. 2009.

76. Enzymes, Cliffs Notes, www.cliffsnotes.com

77. Ibid., Walker. p 185.

78. Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute., Oregon State University.

79. Ibid., Johnson.

80. Antioxidants, Better Health Channel, Victorian (Australia) State Government.
81. Ibid., Walker, p 169.

82. Ibid., Linus Pauling Institute.

83. A Simple Quantitative Bedside Test to Determine Methemoglobin, Fathima Shihana,
BSc, South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Annals of Emergency
Medicine, Vol. 55, No 2. Feb 2010.

84. Acidity, Disease and Cancer, Health News, http://www.healthnews-nz.com.

85. Ibid., Cotran, p. 4.

86. Body Acidity, Disease Prevention and More About Aspartame, Stephen Sampson,
www.associatedcontent.com.

87. Morgellons: A Discovery and A Proposal, C.E. Carnicom, Jun. 2011.

88. Morgellons: In the Laboratory, C.E. Carnicom, Jun. 2011.

89. Biochemistry, Philip Kuchel, PhD, (2009, McGraw-Hill, 32).

90. Biochemistry for Dummies, John Moore, EdD, (2008, Wiley Publishing, 29).

91. Brown, Steven; Chemistry 102a Laboratory Manual, Kendall Hunt Publishing
Company, 1996., p 125.

92 Ibid., A Discovery and A Proposal, C.E. Carnicom.

93. Ibid., Cotran, p. 12.

94. Ibid., A Discovery and A Proposal, C.E. Carnicom.

95. Ibid., Linus Pauling Institute.

96. Ibid., Morgellons: In the Laboratory, C.E. Carnicom.

97. Temperature Effects - Introduction to Enzymes, Worthington Biochemical
Corporation, www. worthington-biochem.com

98.The Cold Body Page, http://www.mall-net.com/mcs/coldbody.html.
                          MORGELLONS : ALTERED BLOOD
                                       Clifford E Carnicom
                                           June 17 2011

  Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
      unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
               are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

Analysis shows that the primary organism (or pathogen) characteristic of the
"Morgellons" condition, as isolated and identified by this researcher, causes a signficant
biochemical change in the nature of human blood in which it resides. The dramatic
change in the character of the blood has also presented through visible observation for
several years, but this change is now objectively and directly measurable through the
use of spectral analysis. This change in the general character of human blood, as it has
been measured from several individiuals, is regarded as highly significant and
expressive of a potential fundamental change in the human condition. The
representative change in the character of the spectrum is shown immediately below:
The above shows the nature of the change and of the problem. All matter reacts in a
unique fashion to electromagnetic energy which, in this case, is visible light.
Hemoglobin, (the primary protein in human blood cells), has such a unique and
characteristic spectrum over the visible light range. This expected, normal, or reference
spectrum of hemoglobin is shown with the black line in the graph above1. This spectrum
shows how a substance or element reacts to energy, and the locations of the peaks in
the graph are where the hemoglobin absorbs the most energy in the visible range. In
this case, this should be at approximately 414, 542 and 576 nanometers respectively.
There are important variations to this expectation, and they pose serious problems that
are to be confronted.

The red line in the graph shows the average hemoglobin spectrum as measured within
a set of nine essentially random individuals, ranging from approximately 23 to 70 years
of age. The sample size may be increased further in the future but statistical
significance is nevertheless already attained. Such a monumental change in the basic
nature and character of a fundamental and crucial protein within the human body is a
manifestation of significant biochemical changes within that same body. By no measure
of a "normal" state of health would such a change be regarded as within "acceptable" or
"expected" boundaries. The fundamental nature of the protein, i.e., blood, has been
changed in the case presented. This researcher continues to contend that state of the
blood of an individual is one of the most reliable, if not the most reliable, indicators of
the existence and severity of the so-called "Morgellons" condition.

Future work and papers will focus on the interpretation of the nature of this change, and
the development of a spectral method to indicate those individuals that may be subject
to greater risk of existence of the condition or of more dramatic changes in the blood of
the individual. No medical inferences are to be made from this research, and it is
considered to be of analytical utility only. The medical community is invited to share in
the collaboration or examination of this research as it perceived to be of benefit or not.
The spectral methods under development are anticipated to be of value in the
monitoring or measurement of change of the condition in a non-invasive manner.

The graphs below will provide further insight into the spectral development process, and
they are provided as a supplement to the primary finding reported above.
One of the ironies of the current research is that establishing a reference spectrum for
hemoglobin, from current human blood samples, is problematic. At this point none of the
human blood samples studied are able to reproduce the expected spectrum of
hemoglobin. Each sample examined thus far demonstrates significant deviation from
this expectation, as will also be described further below. This finding, now from a
spectral perspective, is actually in line with the concerns expressed by this researcher
some time past, and this is that the general population appears to be subject to the so-
called "Morgellons" condition to varying degree. The heart of this research, then and
now, is upon a particular organism repeatedly identified in the blood of all samples
observed, along with oral filament samples that are also characteristic of the condition.
As such, it has actually been necessary to develop the "reference" hemoglobin
spectrum from the literature, as no "pure" or live case is available to me at this time. The
graph above is such a set of reference spectrums that have been developed from the
literature on the subject2. The concentration of a substance can also affects its
spectrum, and thus a process has been generalized to determine an appropriate
spectrum for various concentration levels.
The graphs is an example of how concentration can affect the spectrum of a substance;
this set of graphs shows the spectrum of the cultured organism over a fairly broad range
of concentrations. It has been discovered that low concentration levels of the culture
(sodium hydroxide and heat preparation, as described earlier) do not sufficiently portray
the more dramatic spectral characteristics of the organism. This deeper examination
itself was prompted by the appearance of an additional prominent peak and additional
spectral influences observed within more concentrated blood samples. The important
relationships between the spectra of the culture shown immediately above and its
impact upon the blood will become more apparent to us as further research is
described. In the interim, readers are invited to examine the patterns implicit between
the reference hemoglobin spectrum, the spectra of the cultures, and the average
spectrum of blood as it is being reported at the onset of this article. The graph to follow
at the end of this paper will show the consolidation of these influences.
At an introductory level, this graph reveals the summary effect of the culture organism
upon the blood. Shown above is what is proving itself to be a representative sample of a
human blood spectrum under various concentration levels. Important insights may be
gained by looking at this graph and how the character of the spectrum varies with
respect to the concentration of the blood. It will be found to be equally insightful to
examine how the spectrum of the cultured organism (as shown in the prior graph) also
varies with respect to concentration levels. The greatest insight will be gained by
combining both studies.

It will be observed, in general, that the greater the concentration of the organism within
the blood, the more significant the impact is upon the hemoglobin, or blood of the
individual. This is, of course, a perfectly logical statement, but spectral analysis now
provides us with a tool to more quantitatively assess that impact. This will also, of
course, be one of the major benefits of the spectral analysis of the condition that is now
underway.
The photographs above revert to the alternative method of investigating the nature of
the problem, and this is by direct observation of the blood. This has been the historical
basis for most of the work on this site until recent assistance to the Carnicom Institute
(much gratitude is extended) permitted the appropriation of helpful instrumentation. The
larger structures are red blood cells, at approximately 5000x magnification. What is
essentially being recorded here is the saturation of the surrounding blood plasma with
the organism that is under study and as it has been repeatedly described on this site.
This organism is at the sub-micron level and it is responsible for the culture spectra that
have been shown in this report. At this stage both observational and instrumental
techniques are available to study the nature of the "Morgellons" condition, and all
information indicates a consistent and significant alteration of the basic nature,
biochemical properties, and physical condition of the human blood.

                            Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page
                                     Carnicom Institute

Clifford E Carnicom
(born Clifford Bruce Stewart Jan 19 1953)

References:

1. Optical Absorption of Hemoglobin, Scott Prahl, Oregon Medical Laser Center.

2. Ibid., Prahl.
                     MORGELLONS : IN THE LABORATORY
                                  Clifford E Carnicom
                                       May 22 2011
                                  Edited Jun 17 2011

   Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this
  information. I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of
  extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.
      Each individual must work with their own health professional to establish any
 appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper are solely
            for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

This paper summarizes the status of current projects within a laboratory setting with
respect to the "Morgellons" condition. The paper will by necessity be brief; if additional
time becomes available the subjects will be elaborated upon. Each of these are worthy
of their own discussion, but for the time being the following topics will be briefly
discussed:

1. The role that iron appears to play in the growth of the underlying organism.

2. The expected impact of the organism upon the blood.

3. A set of minimum conditions that allow the growth of the organism.

4. A variety of growth forms have been identified; they possess, however, a
common spectral signature.

5. The apparent unique spectral signature of the underlying organism.

6. Additional frequency analysis and the apparent impact upon the growth of the
organism; considerations across the electromagnetic spectrum.

7. A spectral method to outline the potential presence of the organism within the
blood of an individual and the expected impact upon the blood.

8. Indications of increased acidity in correlation with the "Morgellons" condition.
The role of pH in the corrosion rate of iron. The diminished capacity of red blood
cells to absorb oxygen in a more acidic environment.

9. The success of growth of the organism in a blood based culture medium.

10. Additional strategies, beyond alkalization and anti-oxidation, to be considered
in the mitigation of the growth of the organism.
These subjects will now be discussed in greater detail:

1. The role that iron appears to play in the growth of the underlying organism:




                           See: Titantic, Resting or Reacting1
                                           and
                           A Mechanism of Blood Damage2

A primary focus of this researcher remains upon the sub-micron bacteria-archaea-like
organism that appears to underlie the existence of the so-called "Morgellons" condition.
This particular organism is the smallest identifiable feature and growth form of
essentially all of the studies on this site related to the Morgellons condition over the
years. This remains the case in both the environmental samples that have been
analyzed as well as the extensive observations of human blood and filament samples.
There is no reason known at this time to depart from this course of action as it remains
as the primary source of impact upon the body that has been identified thus far. It is
acknowledged that other forms or variations may well exist, but until sufficient
documentation of such variations is presented I will continue to seek the lowest
common denominator within the studies that are in place. My focus of study remains on
the influence of the organism internal to the body vs. external manifestations.

There appears to be little doubt now that the organism can and does feed upon iron.
This conclusion is reached by both direct observation and by inference. With respect to
direct observation, numerous cultures have now been developed based upon both the
use of the bacteria-archaea-like organism as well as the from the human oral filament
samples. Several variations in the culture mediums have been tried, including agar
(beef and blood), wines (red and white), simulated wines, restricted solutions of iron
sulfate and hydrogen peroxide, and more recently, dilute human blood. They are all
productive to varying degrees.

With respect to iron consumption, rapid growth can now be observed and recorded with
the use of water, iron sulfate and hydrogen peroxide alone. This observation refers back
to earlier work, such as that presented in the paper entitled, Morgellons: A Discovery
and A Proposal3. This relationship with iron has been confirmed only more strongly over
time. It can now also be posited that an iron oxide form is created within the organism
during the metabolic process as the tell-tale color of rust within the organism is
assumed within this restricted growth environment. It is a known fact that many of the
archaea species can feed on iron and sufur in an extremely hostile environment;
contemporary research is very active in that regard. The observations of survival of the
organism under the harshest of conditions is one of the very reasons for the
development of the paper entitled, Morgellons : A New Classification4. If is also of
interest that genetic research is underway to inhibit the ability of such organisms to
consume iron as well as to understand the growth and metabolic processes involved ,5,6.
Such research is immediately relevant to the interests of the Carnicom Institute, but
sufficient resources to engage at this level of study are not available at this time. In
addition, by inference from the extended observation of blood, the use of iron in the
growth process of the organism is sustained as a conclusion; this topic will be discussed
further in the next section of this report.

2. The expected impact of the organism upon the blood:




An observed method of blood damage has previously been reported on (A Mechanism
of Blood Damage,). The agent responsible for the damage being spoken of is the
bacteria-archae-like organism that is at the center of this research. The progression of
damage first includes the introduction of the organism into the serum of the blood. The
second stage involves the attaching of the organism to the outside walls of the
erythrocytes, or the red blood cells. The next stage involves the breaching of the
erythrocyte cell walls. The latter stages result in essentially an invasion into the cell and
a breakdown in the general integrity of the cell. In some cases this damage is extreme
and the blood itself is no longer even recognizable from a conventional viewpoint.

When we combine damage to the integrity of the erythrocytes at the level recorded
along with a demonstrated ability to consume iron, it is not any extension of logic to
presume that metabolic imbalances of iron content in the human body are likely to occur
from this damage. This is in addition to the diminished capacity of the blood to perform
the essential functions of oxygen, nutrient transport and waste removal. Each individual
must pursue their own evaluation of this issue with the medical professional of their
choice; my only purpose here is to present the information which must be considered
from a logical point of view in conjunction with direct observation.

Iron is a core element in the formation of hemoglobin7. An iron consuming organism, in
direct conjunction with the manifestation of the Morgellons condition, has been
identified. It is to be expected that damage to the blood and that interference with iron
metabolism will occur in conjunction with the extensive presence of this organism within
the blood. Again, each individual must consult with their own health professional on any
consideration given to this information.

3. A set of minimum conditions that allow the growth of the organism:




Over the past few years, various culture mediums have been used to develop the
filament colonies, with emphasis upon the use of oral samples. There remains
additional work to be done, as a good portion of the success or failure has been through
trial and error in addition to conjecture. The early cultures were developed in an agar
medium, with both blood and beef broth as a base. These cultures were successful and
introduced some of the more exotic findings involving erythrocytic forms within the
growth stages. Numerous papers have been issued on that aspect of the Morgellons
issue as well, (e.g., Artificial Blood?8, Blood Issues Intensify9, Morgellons : A Status
Report10.)

The next stage of culture development involved the accidental discovery of success
using red wine, the very same solution that is commonly used to extract the oral
samples. This finding was a complete accident, and resulted from leaving oral
extractions undisturbed for several weeks to even months within that solution.

The next discovery was that white wines were also successful for growth of the culture
(not so for extraction, however, as there is a dye process attached with the use of red
wine). The white wines have the distinct advantage of allowing observation in a
translucent medium, which makes the monitoring of growth under a low power scope
much easier. They white wines may or may not be as favorable to growth, however, this
remains unclear. Simulated wine mediums were also developed to replicate the general
chemistry of wine, however, no particular advantage of that effort came about. The
chemistry of wines is in general, quite complex, and increases the difficulty of analyzing
the metabolic requirements for growth using that medium.

The most recent culture work produces a somewhat surprising result, and this is that the
medium of growth can actually be relatively simple. In earlier work(ibid., Morgellons: A
Discovery and A Proposal), it has been found that the addition of iron sulfate and
hydrogen peroxide enhances growth within the wine medium. This process was
described in detail and the issues of alkalinity vs acidity and anti-oxidants vs oxidants
were raised on in a serious tone. The importance of those findings remains as influential
as ever upon the prospects for mitigation of the "condition".

It has now been discovered that prolific growth can occur in a medium of only water,
iron sulfate and hydrogen peroxide. It is now feasible that growth will occur in even a
more restricted medium. It is known, however, that sufficient growth for analysis can
easily be established within this simplified medium. This has both advantageous and
disadvantageous implications in the research. As an advantage, it simplifies the
requirements of analysis. As a disadvantage, particularly as it relates to the importance
of iron within human metabolism, it prevents some formidable obstacles to proposals
that seek to inhibit or eliminate the growth within the body. Please recall the earlier
reference made to the active genetic research seeking the inhibition of iron consumption
within certain bacterial or archaeal forms. Unfortunately, the Institute does not have
access to such resources at this time; hopefully there are those that desire to support
such needs and causes.

In addition, the organism has been subjected to numerous exposures from caustic
agents, acids, extremes in temperature and the lack of moisture; these have produced
no detriment to its existence. These latter additions only complicate the issue further
and raise the bar for recognition of the resources required to approach the problems in
earnest.

4. A variety of growth forms have been identified; they possess, however, a
common spectral signature.
There are several variants of growth forms that have been identified in the culturing
process, but at the microscopic level they appear that they are essentially the same
form. Some of these variations include:

1. An original oral or skin filament growth form.

2. The early stages of culture growth, which are somewhat amorphous in structure.

3. The emergence of the primary filament structure on the surface of the medium.

4. The emergence of more substantial filaments, usually colored, at the bottom of the
liquid culture medium

5. The more substantial filament form representative of a maturing culture. The first
stage of this growth is pure white in color.

6. Successive stages in the colors of the maturing filament growth, progressing through
green and eventually black colors.

7. A newer and unusual form of growth that has recently been reported when subject to
blue light energy. Although still filamentous in nature to the visible eye, this is of a much
coaser nature that demonstrates an explosive growth cycle.There is reason to believe
that many more "exotic" forms of growth are associated with the Morgellonscondition
but these will require more detailed documentation and examination to include them
within the current scope of study.

An important observation is that, regardless of the variation in surface
morphology, color or structure, the underlying spectral signature of the organism
appears to be the same.

5. The measured spectral signature of the underlying organism.




The measured spectral analysis of the culture form in the visible light and near-infrared
                              portion of the spectrum.

A modern and professional spectrophotometer of high resolution has been acquired by
the Carnicom Institute. Many thanks are extended to the the donors that have made this
possible; additional laboratory equipment and a facility to operate from remain in need.
The availability of this equipment has advanced the rate of progress by a factor of
months with respect to certain problems to be solved. The instrument has also made
numerous accomplishments possible which have not been accessible or available until
this equipment came on board.

Essentially a unique signature of the organism has been identified; this has numerous
advantages in objectively identifying the existence and presence of the organism.
Please notice the similarity of this spectrum to that laboriously obtained with vintage
equipment, as described in the paper, The Biggest Crime of All Time11. Further
discussion on the importance and application of this work will be discussed in time.

6. Additional frequency analysis and the apparent impact upon the growth of the
organism; considerations across the electromagnetic spectrum.

A process of remarkable growth has recently been described within the paper, A New
Form: Frequency Induced Disease?12 The project illustrated below is an extension of
that finding and it sets the stage for further work in the future. The spectrum obtained
shows that energy absorption by the organism reaches a maximum of approximately
390 nanometers in the visible light range. This characteristic appears to be a factor in
the paper referenced immediately above. One question that arises from this work is
whether or not harmonic frequencies corresponding to this wavelength may also be
involved in affecting the growth of the organism. It may be beneficial, for example, to
consider the ideas expressed within the paper entitled "A Look at the Frequencies of
Rife-related Plasma Emission Devices" by Charlene Boehm13.

The general ideas expressed within that paper have been applied in the section that is
being briefly described here. One reason to consider harmonic frequencies is that
frequencies outside of the visible light range can have either greater or lesser ability to
penetrate the skin or internal organs of the human body. The discoveries and
controversies of Royal Raymond Rife in this arena are well known by many. Another
consideration of such frequencies is their ability to either enhance or inhibit, or even
destroy, certain organisms or pathogens. The risks and uncertainties of engaging blindly
or in a foolhardy fashion using these methods have been already been clearly stated
and will not be repeated here.




                .
                    See: A New Form: Frequency Induced Disease?

The harmonic frequencies to consider can be arrived at by multiplication or division by
increasing powers of two. The speed of the electromagnetic wave within the medium
involved (vacuum, air, liquid, human tissue, etc.) must certainly be a part of the analysis.
The case below shows the application of an electromagnetic wave at approximately
500Hz to a culture medium. The method of deducing that approximate frequency for
application can be discussed at a later time. The current through the medium was
measured at approximately one millliwatt.

What is clearly demonstrated below is an increased growth rate in the culture,
especially in the electrode regions. An advancement to the filament stage of growth is
clearly evident as a result of the current and/or frequency combination. The sensitivity of
the process to a change in frequency is simply not known at this time; it is possible that
the results may not be as much frequency dependent as they are current induced.
Extensive research on this topic remains a prospect; a multitude of harmonic
frequencies and or current combinations may be tested if the equipment becomes
available.




7. A spectral method to outline the potential presence of the organism within the
blood of an individual and the expected impact upon the blood.

The graphs shown below are of much importance and they will be instrumental to
numerous applications in the future. It is now known that the metabolic process of the
organism has a strong dependence on iron. It is also known that the organism causes
serious degradation to the condition of the blood, and the consumption of iron within the
blood is most certainly an obvious important factor within the research.

A thesis is proposed that the influence and impact of the organism upon the blood can
be established through the use of spectral analysis. An example of such influence and
impact is shown below. Nothing presented here is to be interpreted as a diagnostic
procedure of any kind, and the disclaimer above is repeated here for emphasis:

    Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of
    this information. I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the
   results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that
      are evident. Each individual must work with their own health professional to
    establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in
       this paper are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own
                                       perspective.

The approach that is presented here is offered freely to the medical community at large
for their consideration in future strategies developed for the mitigation, reduction or
elimination of this condition. While not diagnostic in nature, the detection of the
organism within the blood and the impact upon the blood does appear evident as a
result of this research. It will be for the medical community to determine the viability of
the method in specific applications. The purpose here is to summarize the methods and
findings; futher discussion in detail will again need to be reserved for the future.
,t

This graph shows an overlay between the expected spectrum of hemoglobin (reference
spectrum in black) and the spectrum of an individual that shows the presence of the
organism under research within the blood. This organism is the same as that which is
subsequently developed into a culture (predominantly filamental) form.

The organism alters the hemoglobin in a very distinctive fashion that is identifiable and
repeatable. Most noticeably, the presence of an anomalous, or unexpected sharp peak
in the spectrum occurs at approximately 390 nm. This peak that appears in such
prominent fashion within the affected blood is not expected to be a part of the
normal hemoglobin spectrum. This influence, amongst others, presents itself as an
important and viable method for the detection of the organism within the blood of an
individual. There are additional measurable influences upon the spectrum, such as the
sharper decline in absorbance in the 430-500 nm range, as well as the diminished
absorbance in the 700-900 nm range. Another consequence of the combination of
influences in the spectrum is a shifting of the primary peak in hemoglobin at 414 nm to
approximately 425-430 nm. These changes in the spectrum are anomalous,
measurable and repeatable; they will be of much value in future research related to the
"Morgellons" condition.
  The theoretical reference spectrum for hemoglobin14. Peaks occur at 414, 542 and 576 nm
                                         respectively.




The measured spectrum of the organism in culture form. This spectrum is identical to that of the
 environmental and human biological samples that have been discussed in detail on this site.
A representative measured spectrum of hemoglobin that is affected by the presence of the sub-
micron organism under study. Modification of the reference specrum has been discussed above.


     The graphs shown above essentially present the components that combine to produce
    the altered hemoglobin spectrum discussed above. The spectra shown here will be the
         basis of much study and examination in the future. It has been stated on many
     occasions that the condition of the blood and the presence of filaments within the body
     appear to this researcher to be a more accurate method of assessing the presence of
    the condition. The use of spectral analyses may allow for a greater level of objectivity in
                                          this approach.

   8. Indications of increased acidity in correlation with the "Morgellons" condition.
   The role of pH in the corrosion rate of iron. The diminished capacity of red blood
   cells to absorb oxygen in a more acidic environment.

   It is known that the organism thrives within an acidic environment. There is also reason
   to consider that the organism itself may increase the acidity of the human biological
   state. It is also a fact that iron (blood contains iron) corrodes more quickly in an acidic
   environment. Lastly, in an increased state of acidity within the human body and blood
   cells have a diminished capacity to absorb oxygen. These factors are in addition to the
   structural damage of the blood by the organism as it has been repeatedly described.

   9. The success of growth of the organism in a blood based culture medium.

   It has been established that human blood is a productive medium for the growth of the
   organism in a cultured form. In the case below, the stock culture solution is prepared
   using sodium hydroxide (lye) and heat to break down the filaments as has been
repeatedly described. Iron sulfate and peroxide was used to begin the culture process.
Human blood was then introduced into the culture medium to test further growth. The
growth rapidly escalated and immediately established itself in the mature filament form.
The rust color of iron-oxide is again visible. All testing in all ways to date strongly
supports the contention that iron is a primary source of nourishment to the organism.




A filament culture developed from human blood as the primary source of nourishment to
                                     the culture.

10. Additional strategies, beyond alkalization and anti-oxidation, to be considered
in the mitigation of the growth of the organism.

The statements below may also be of great importance during future research and
analysis. It has already been reported that alkalization of the body and the use of
antioxidants may serve a role in the mitigation of the growth of the organism. This has
been described in depth within the papers entitled Morgellons: A Discovery and A
Proposal and Growth Inhibition Confirmed16. Again, no medical advice, diagnosis or
therapy of any kind is being provided and all discussions relate to that of observation
and analysis only; each individual must consult with their own medical practitioner for
health related advice.

The role of the consumption of iron that is now understood more deeply as well as the
visible damage to the blood leads us to consider additional strategies that may be of a
more proactive nature in the mitigation of growth of the organism. We are now able to
ask additional questions in a more forthright fashion, and seek those answers:
1. What is it that will allow for greater absorption of iron by the body? Conversely, what
compounds may act to inhibit the absorption of iron by the body?

2. What is it that might inhibit iron-eating bacterial-archael forms (or modifications
thereof) in a manner that will allow existing iron to be more fully utilized in the body?

These questions are the genesis for potentially fruitful discussions in the future, in
addition to those of alkalinity and anti-oxidation that have been established. We may, at
this point, at least begin the discussion.

One answer to the first question involves Vitamin C. Vitamin C increases absorption of
iron in the body17. Vitamin C is also essential in the production of hemoglobin18. It is
also of interest that Vitamin C is also an antioxidant, and plays an important role in
paper most recently referenced. But in addition to being an anti-oxidant, Vitamin C also
can improve the absorption of iron by the body. There are now two important reasons
that Vitamin C may be considered in the development of strategies to inhibit or mitigate
the growth of the organism. Facilitators for iron absorption are stated to include
ascorbate, citrate and amino acids. Inhibitors in iron absorption are stated to be
phytates, tannins, soil clay and antacids for example19.

Lastly, let us introduce an initial response to the second question; this consideration
also leads us to many interesting avenues of discussion for the future. There is indeed a
certain protein, commonly found in mother's milk, than inhibits the growth of iron-
dependent bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract20. The name of the protein is lactoferrin.
Although this paper is not to be a discussion on the topic of breastfeeding, the
constituents of human milk become immediately relevant to the research at hand. The
anti-bacterial properties of human milk, (i.e., especially with respect to the iron situation)
are extremely important for our consideration here. The mechanism involved in the
defense is the binding of the iron with the lactoferrin protein21, and this prevents the
more direct consumption by the iron-eating bacteria (or potential modification thereof).
This is the principle of a chelate.

The obvious manner in which to end this discussion for now is to ask whether there are
any commonly sources of lactoferrin available to humans beyond the infant stage. The
research at this time indicates at least one available source - whey21,22. Concentration
levels in various sources as well as their efficacy will be major points of consideration in
the future. Culture trials will eventually measure the impact of this protein and
compound upon growth rates, in combination with the additional strategies that have
been outlined previously. Initial results are encouraging. A recent comment sent
independently to the Institute by a medical professional supports the prospective
benefits outlined with respect to lactoferrin, and this suggestion is appreciated.

                                 **********************

Edit Jun 13 2011:
Two additional strategies also now evolve as a result of sythnthesizing the accumulated
observations and analyses of this research. The first of these is to improve the flow of
bile and the second is to detoxify the liver. The bile plays an extremely important role in
the alkalizing of the body and in the digestive process. The liver is incredibly important
with respect to the removal of toxins and the digestion of lipids (fats). Please refer to the
following set of videos for preliminary information on these two subjects:

                   Gallstones, Liver, Gallbladder, Kidney Cleanse Part 1
                   Gallstones, Liver, Gallbladder, Kidney Cleanse Part 2
                   Gallstones, Liver, Gallbladder, Kidney Cleanse Part 3
     (no product endorsement or promotion by this site; educational purposes only)

In summary, a total of six strategies have now evolved that may
demonstrate or show some degree of effectiveness in the mitigation or
reduction in the growth of the organism. They are:

1. Alkalization.

2 Anti-oxidation.

3. Increasing the utilization and absorption of existing iron.

4. The inhibition of the growth of iron-consuming bacteria (and bacterial-
archeal like) forms.

5. Improving the flow of bile in the system to further alkalize the body
and aid the digestive system.

6. Detoxification of the liver (toxin removal and breakdown of lipids
(fats)).

Each of these strategies have developed through direct research, study,
analysis, and/or observation within a laboratory environment. They are
each offered to the medical and health community for consideration and
evaluation as they apply to the human condition.

                                 **********************

This particular paper represents only a summary view of the topics that are deemed
worthy of pursuit by this researcher and the Carnicom Institute. Additional discussion or
presentation will occur as time and circumstance permit. If you wish to contribute more
directly to the research and/or contribute resources to this cause, please contact the
Carnicom Institute.
Sincerely,

Clifford E Carnicom
(born Clifford Bruce Stewart Jan 19 1953)

References:

1. Titanic-Resting-or-Reacting, Sarah Don, 2008.

2. A Mechanism of Blood Damage, Clifford E Carnicom, Dec 2009.

3. Morgellons: A Discovery and a Proposal, Carnicom, Feb 2010.

4. Morgellons: A New Classification, Carnicom, Feb 2010.

5. Metal-Eating Bacteria Corrode Pipes in Oil Industry, Access Excellence, 2004.

6. Iron Eating Bacteria Deciphered, Gauntlet, 2004.

7. Blood Diseases : Anemia, University of Maryland Medical Center, 2011.

8. Artificial Blood?, Carnicom, Aug 2009.

9. Blood Issues Intensify, Carnicom, Apr 2009.

10.Morgellons: A Status Report, Carnicom, Oct 2009.

11.The Biggest Crime of All Time, Carnicom, Mar 2011.

12. A New Form: Frequency Induced Disease?, Carnicom, Mar 2011.

13. A Look at the Frequencies of Rife-related Plasma Emission Devices by Charlene
Boehm, 1999.

14. Optical Absorption of Hemoglobin, Scott Prahl, Oregon Medical Laser Center.

15. Ultraviolet and Visible Spectroscopy, 2nd Edition, Michael Thomas, John Wiley &
Sons, 1996, p. 20.

16. Growth Inhibition Confirmed, Carnicom, Mar 2010.

17. How to Increase Iron Absorption, Kristie Leong, MD.

18. Iron Deficiency Anemia, National Insitutes of Health.

19. Iron Absorption, Harvard University.
20.What's in Breast Milk? American Pregnancy Association.

21. The Truth About Iron While Breastfeeding, Gwen Morrison.

22. Protein Powders, Abstract (informational only-no product support).

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                                 Carnicom Institute




                 A NEW FORM : FREQUENCY INDUCED DISEASE?
                                   Clifford E Carnicom
                                        Mar 08 2011
  Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
      unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
               are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

A new, or modified, form of cultured growth has been developed from human oral
filament samples that are characteristic of the so-called "Morgellons" condition. Three
unique features characterize this particular filament type of culture growth:

1. The growth rate is explosive, transforming itself from a film layer to a dense sheet of
filaments as shown below within a 24 hour period.

2. The growth type, and/or the growth rate, appears to be dependent upon the
introduction of a specific visible light frequency range into the culture process.

3. The size, i.e., diameter, of the "filaments" is much greater than that previously studied
in detail on this site.

The photographs from the laboratory session will now be described in greater detail
below:




                  The new, or modified, filament growth culture that has
                  developed. The origin of the culture is a human oral filament
                  sample. The culture medium is red wine. The bulk of the growth
                  that is shown here occurred within a 24 hour period, with an
                  incubation period of approximately 5 to 7 days. The only known
                  variation in the culturing process, relative to previous culture
                  work over recent years, is subjecting the culture to a specific
                  frequency range of visible light. The frequency (blue light) has
                  been chosen as a result of spectral analyses that have recently
been conducted and reported on in this site.

One of the more important findings of this current
research is that the application of certain frequencies, or
their harmonics, may play a highly significant role in the
various manifestations that the underlying "organism"
may assume. This may act in a highly detrimental fashion
to the host; in this case, the human being. The rate of
growth of the organism under the conditions investigated
here may also seriously hinder any efforts to mitigate or
inhibit its influence within the human body. The research
also points out the extreme risks that may exist in
"experimenting" with the use of frequency protocols
without proper controls and without knowledge of the
underlying physiological and physical processes involved.

As one example of consideration, the speed of an
electromagnetic wave within the body is a variable and
therefore any frequency or its harmonic that is under
consideration is also expected to vary by target location. The
discovery reported here adds a new layer of complexity to the
research that has been discussed on this site.




A close-up view of the modified growth form that has been
developed. The growth rate of this form is remarkable and the
topology of the culture is quite complex under higher
magnification. At this point, no additional information on the
internal nature of the growth is known. Additional microscopic
and spectral analyses will need to be conducted in the future to
determine if there is correspondence with previous growth
forms that have been analyzed in detail. The circumstances of
growth are identical to that of previous work, i.e., the
introduction of human oral filament samples within a red wine
base; what differs is the illumination of the petri culture dishes
with light of a specific frequency chosen from earlier absorption
analysis. It will be noticed that a strong and sharp absorption
peak at approximately 375 nanometers (nm) has been
identified in the previous report; this corresponds to the blue
portion of the visible light spectrum. Tentative work some
months past involving the use of this frequency range was
applied and observed effects upon culture growth were
observed. As a result of the more exact, detailed and verified
spectral analysis of recent weeks, the determination of the
influence of this frequency has been pursued with greater vigor.
Magnification 10x.




Another close-up view of the modified growth form that has
been developed. To find a commercially available source at the
appropriate wavelength of approximately 375 nanometers, it is
found that an "actinic" lamp is sufficiently close to merit
application. Actinic fluorescent lamps are commonly available
for aquarium lighting, as they reproduce the light range that is
suitable for coral growth. Notice the absorption spectrum
presented remains sufficiently pronounced and localized to
accommodate the 420 nm wavelength; practice has shown that
a measurable effect is apparent with its use. Magnification 10x.
A photograph of the sheen, or film-like layer that develops on
the wine culture surface immediately prior to the explosive
growth stage that takes place. The early stages of folding and
rippling of the surface can be seen. The incubation period to
reach this stage is approximately 5 days under the current
environmental conditions established. Growth is then extremely
rapid, and envelops the entire surface of the dish with filaments
as shown above within a 24 hour period. One of the effects that
appears to result from the use of the actinic lamp is a very
sharp increase in the rate of the culture growths in general. The
cultures in the past have usually required several weeks to
even several months to develop; all cultures under examination
in this report have produced visible results within a week of
time. The central lighted region of the dish is the light stage of
the microscope underneath the culture dish.
Another close-up view of the modified growth form that has been developed
                     Magnification approximately 3x.
                              An oral filament sample that has been isolated from
                             the red wine extraction fluid. This isolation occurs by
                             a process of decanting and dilution, and is relatively
                             pure in this state within water. Notice the color of the
                                wine is absorbed by the materials. This sample
                              material provides the basis for further culture work
                                              and spectral analysis.




The test tube filament sample, as shown in the               The images that are shown in this set are a product
previous photograph, can be used to generate                 of the heat and lye degradation process. This allows
further cultures and to conduct spectral analyses.           for extraction of the chlamydia-archaea-bacterial
One method of preparing a culture is to simply               like component that resides within the filament
place the material within red wine as a culture              structure. It therefore allows for examination of
medium. This is the method used in setting up the            culture development at a more primitive, or base,
culture dishes shown earlier in this report.                 level.

Another method of preparing the sample for further           In addition, these cultures in a red wine solution
analysis is to heat it (to the boiling point) within a lye   have been modified with the weak addition of iron
(sodium hydroxide) solution. The advantage of this           sulfate and hydrogen peroxide. It has been found
method is that it appears to be reasonably                   that these additions accelerate the growth rate of
successful in breaking down the exterior casing of           the cultures as has been described previously. The
the filament and allows for examination of the          hydroxyl radical appears to be a significant fact in
internal components. It also allows for extraction of   this increased growth rate.
the more fundamental(interior) components for use
in the culture process.                                 There is very good reason to believe that the
                                                        "organism" can use both iron and calcium for
                                                        its sustenance; this will have to be elaborated
                                                        upon in later reports.

                                                        In addition, the introduction of the blue wavelength
                                                        light appears to be an additional accelerating factor
                                                        in the culture growth rate. The section reflecting
                                                        light on the right side of the petri dish is a young
                                                        network of filaments that are beginning to form
                                                        within the culture.




This final section of photographs is a close-up of the young filament network referred to in the previous
photograph on the right side of the set. The photograph is taken at the surface level of the wine solution.
The individual filaments of the emerging network can be identified. The use of accelerating factors in the
growth rate of the cultures with the use of Fenton's reaction and blue light appears to offer significant
benefits in the turnover rate for future culture research. In the past, the development of the filament
network can take weeks to even months to develop; in the case of this report all culture developments
have taken place within a week of time. Magnification is estimated at approximately 100x.

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                                           Carnicom Institute

                        MORGELLONS AND RECENT FINDINGS:

                    PART I : MORGELLONS : A REVERSAL STRATEGY

                       PART II : PROTEINACEOUS FORM IDENTIFIED

                      PART III : DIMORPHISM, SYMBIOSIS OR DESIGN

             PART IV: MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF THE GROWTH FORMS

                                    PART V : DNA EXTRACTION
                               PART VI: THE SERBIAN SAMPLE

                          PART VII : COLUMN CHROMATOGRAPY

                  PART VIII : CONFERENCE VIDEO EDITING PROJECT

                     PART IX : CULTURE GROWTH RATE IMPROVED

                PART X : ELECTROPHORESIS PROCESS BEGINSPART

   XI : ANOTHER POSITIVE TEST METHOD FOR IRON (Fe+3) IN THE CULTURE

                                IN PROGRESS
          Estimated Completion Date : Can Not Be Estimated At This Time

                                       Clifford E Carnicom
                                             Jan 2012

  Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
      unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
               are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

PART I : MORGELLONS : A REVERSAL STRATEGY (Dec. 18, 2011)

A viable and tangible strategy to disrupt the growth process of the Morgellons condition,
as it exists within the culture form that has been developed, has been established. This
strategy involves the breakdown of certain chemical bonds within an identified
proteinaceous complex in a manner that is not harmful to the human body. The
reduction strategy also includes the release of iron that is held within the proteinacous
complex in a chelated form. This strategy has been established with confidence and a
repetition of results. The current work will be applied next directly to oral human
samples. Much time, energy and resouces will be required to further investigate, verify
and apply this strategy. The preliminary results and the theories are promising at this
stage.
                                      To be continued




                                      To be continued

PART II: PROTEINACOUS FORM IDENTIFIED

A note to the staff of the Insitute tonight (Dec. 2, 2011); this will give some idea as to
some of the work in progress...



The existence of a protein within the culture growths has now been established with
confidence tonight. I had to do work to eliminate questions of potential contaminants
that might have distorted the results. It is also a process of much patience with
chromatography, literally drip by drip over many days for each test that is set up. It has
taken about 1 1/2 to 2 months to get to this point.

Existence of a protein is eventually of equal importance as that of the iron work. We
now have iron and the protein as two primary and identified constituents. This work will
raise more questions that it answers, but we need to live with this for now until future
means and equipment and methods work their way in. One more reliable way of putting
a stop to this fellow is to truly understand the biochemistry and the life cycle of growth;
there is then a better chance of interfering with that cycle in a known manner.

The existence of a protein means there is DNA behind it. As you can imagine, the work
has actually just begun if we can get these means. Next questions would be what type
of protein, what is the function of the protein(s), sequencing of the proteins, etc. Right
along with it would be the isolation of DNA, electrophoresis work, etc. An infra-red
spectrophotometer would be a very useful piece of equipment for us on an ongoing
basis - we are having to work very hard to get certain results that would be more
apparent with the right equipment.

I may put this comment on the paper to get the process started, otherwise I have so
many to write I will never get to any of them at the current rate...

Clifford
     A positive Biuret protein test result using a
    separation of elute from the chromatography
   column. The sample material is based upon a          A positive Biuret test result using whey (lactoferrin)
culture from oral filaments. The original extraction    protein for control purposes. A positive test results
from the chromatography column is to the left; the       in the purplish color shown above. The Biuret test
positive Biuret result for the existence of a protein   depends on a copper complex that forms between
     is shown on the right with the purple color.       the protein (peptide bonds) and copper sulfate and
  Successful separation on the column has been            an alkaline solution, such as sodium hydroxide.
achieved using various combinations of solvents in
         combination with a stationary phase

PART III: DIMORPHISM, SYMBIOSIS OR DESIGN

The morphology, metabolism and life cycle of the "Morgellons" organism, as defined by
this researcher, is increasingly being understood. There are now three scenarios that
can be provided that encompass the majority of the understanding that has been
achieved.

The first of these examines a similarity of form, at least in part, to a dimorphic fungal-like
organism.

The second considers the joint existence of bacterial-like and fungal-like organisms in a
symbiotic relationship.
The last raises the spectre of a genetically created or designed organism.

Each of these scenarious has certain strengths, weaknesses and probabilities of
occurrence. There can also be a degree of overlap between these alternative
interpretations. This paper will discuss what has been discovered, within these three
scenarios, that helps us to potentially define the nature of this unusual organism.
PART IV: MAGNETIC (ELECTROMAGNETIC) PROPERTIES OF THE GROWTH
FORMS:

The magnetic (and consequently, the electromagnetic) properties of the primary
Morgellons growth form are now proven in a direct fashion. The video segments below
show the response of both the culture derived form and the oral sample to a strong
magnetic field. These demonstrations will call into consideration each of the papers
written on the subject of electromagnetics by this researcher. One such topic will be the
extended research that has been done that reveals the ambient presence of
unaccounted Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) energy over a testing period of several
years. The human electromagnetic system operates primarily within the ELF portion of
the electromagnetic spectrum. The sensitivity and response of the Morgellons growth
form to the electromagnetic spectrum is another of the many primary fields of research
that requires funding, resources and skilled personnel to complete. The identified
presence of iron and ferromagnetic compounds within the growth forms establishes the
basis of this future research, along with the direct demonstration of the magnetic
response shown below:

To be continued.




PART V: DNA EXTRACTION
To be continued.


PART VI: THE SERBIAN SAMPLE

To be continued.
PART VII: COLUMN CHROMATOGRAPHY

To be continued.
PART VIII : CONFERENCE VIDEO EDITING PROJECT

To be continued.
                PART IX : CULTURE GROWTH RATE IMPROVED

                To be continued.

                X : ELECTROPHORESIS PROCESS BEGINS




                          Starch Gel Electrophoresis Applied to Proteinacous Samples : Initial Tests Underway




Starch Gel Electrophoresis : Trial Runs of Test Dyes and Blood Sample. Left photograph shows methylene blue dye migration towards the
negative terminal. Arrows on right photograph depict origins of placement. Blood sample shows both positive and negative charged protein
 component separation at lower portion of right photograph. Eosin test case on upper left of right photograph; migration toward positive
terminal Methods remain under development; no successful separation of presumed culture based proteinacous component at this time.

               To be continued.

               XI :ANOTHER POSITIVE TEST METHOD FOR FERRIC IRON (Fe3+) IN THE
               CULTURE

               Another test method has been developed to detect and establish the presence of iron in
               the Fe3+ state within the culture growth that is based upon the oral samples. The test is
               positive. The further signficance of this test is that it has been applied directly to the
               proteinaceous complex that has been extracted from the culture with the use of column
               chromatography. This further substantiates the case that the proteinaceous complex
               itself contains iron in the ferric state and that this iron is bound to certain amino acids
               that are under examination as candidates. It will be possible to determine the
               concentration of the iron within the proteinaceous complex through spectrometry. The
               test is based upon the use of ammonium thioglycolate.


                                                          Carnicom Institute

               Clifford E Carnicom
               (born Clifford Bruce Stewart Jan 19 1953)




                                                 Morgellons Research:
                                           Proteinaceous Complex Identified
                                                      Clifford E Carnicom
                                                          Mar 14 2012
                                                 This paper is subject to edits.

                 Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
               acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
                     unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
               professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
                              are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

               A proteinaceous complex that derives from oral filament cultures has been identified.
                  This finding, along with the significant presence of iron within the same culture
                 growths, is paramount in the understanding of the physical nature of the filaments
                                           characteristic of the condition.

                  The method of determination of this complex has been protracted and difficult,
               primarily because of the lack of resources that are available to achieve a more direct
 knowledge of composition. The work has been conducted over a period of several
  months, and the results have been arrived at through a combination of deductive
 methods, qualitative chemical tests, column chromatography, analytical chemical
    separation techniques, and visible light spectroscopy. Methods of thin layer
chromatography, distillation and electrophoresis have also been included. Additional
resources, should they become available, can hasten the process of discovery which
  remains in midstream. This declaration itself has been on hold for more than two
         months, until the opportunity of presentation has afforded itself.

      To give an example of the importance of protein discoveries, the success in
   curtailment of harm from the AIDs virus has been accomplished largely from the
 massive efforts that have been made to understand the protein complexes involved.
 Proteins, upon discovery of uniqueness, are themselves patentable and are the basis
  of much of the pharmaceutical industry. This exists as a controversial subject in its
   own right. With the proper equipment and resources, many of the questions and
 problems posed by the topic of this paper could be answered directly and promptly.

   Proteins are classically designated as the “building blocks” of nature. It is quite
    common for approximately one-half of the composition of an organism to be of
proteins. Understanding this aspect of the filament nature of the Morgellons condition
   is obviously of the highest priority of any biochemical research project; to date,
         however, this information has been essentially non-existent or scant.

    A recent report by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) raises the ante of this
controversy by themselves declaring a significant percentage of the materials studied
 to be composed of proteins. The report subsequently proceeds to ignore any direct
  presentation of laboratory results and strategically uses terms such as “likely” and
“similar” versus a direct presentation of chemical composition to the molecular level,
 as is required. The report also eventually leads to a pre-directed “conclusion” that
 transforms the physical presence of these proteins into the metaphysical world and
 classifies the manifestation of this physical and laboratory presence as a continuing
                                “delusional” condition.

  As another illustration of the inexcusable delay and failings of this report, let it be
known that when a critical and unexpected health situation arrived on the scene some
time ago, namely the Hantavirus crisis, the CDC had the issue contained, sourced and
 identified within a couple of weeks of investigation. Six years later, several hundred
 thousand dollars more, in question of collusion with the Armed Forces of Pathology,
and we remain at the same and exact original point of agenda driven policy. This shirk
from proper investigation and disclosure of factual results is a disservice to the public
                          welfare, benefit, interest and health.

  Suffice it to say that the objective of the scientific method is to test and resolve a
    hypothesis, and that it is not to “generate hypotheses” as a primary goal. Such
 thinking is to encourage the arena of speculation and obfuscation versus resolution,
   which is exactly what has been accomplished with the recent report. This is not
  science. The reader is requested to read the report from a analytical, objective,
 scientific and critical thinking perspective and not to be duped by the vagaries and
critical exclusions that are apparent within the so-called “report.” The ludicrousness
   of the CDC report and the abject failure to adhere to the principles of scientific
                      resolution will not be discussed further here.

 This researcher will now proceed, from a base of limited resources, to describe the
 laboratory results that derive from the efforts of the Carnicom Institute. The writer
  fully acknowledges that many difficulties remain and that many questions remain
unanswered. Certainly some very specific information desperately needed can not be
had at this point. The writer allows for the possibility of error and insists that further
   verification or refutation of the work is required. It is, nevertheless, the state of
                            knowledge apparent at this time.

 The most succinct description of the proteinaceous complex that can be provided at
                               this time is as follows:

 An apparent metalloid dipeptide complex, likely composed of an coordinated ferric
        iron (III) complex. The amino acid cysteine appears to be dominant in the
composition. There is also evidence emerging for the presence of histidine. The most
     likely dipeptide forms are therefore cysteine-cysteine (i.e., cystine form) or a
 cysteine-histidine iron dipeptide complex. Additional amino acids will remain a part
  of the investigation, as well as the variability in the spectrums as a function of pH.

    There may be error within this assessment of the nature of the complex, but it is
   believed at this point to be an accurate statement. There are intellectual property
 issues that may at some point become involved with the statement made above. The
      Institute is fully aware of the importance of, and economic value of, protein
  identification and potential discovery. The Institute at this time, however, does not
possess the means or resources to evaluate the complex at the molecular level, which
is required. Equally, the means to pursue patent interests or protection does not exist
and pharmaceutical interests may eventually emerge. The Institute will instead place
 its focus on the disclosure of information that serves the public benefit and welfare,
    such that further and needed urgent research can take place. The Institute is on
record as opposing any proprietary developments that may develop from this research
   without the involvement of the Carnicom Institute. The public health interest and
                         welfare is to remain as the paramount goal.

Let us discuss the methods by which this conclusion has been made. In all, more than
 a half dozen different techniques or methods have been used to arrive at the above
                                statement. These are:

     1. Extended observation and analysis of a column chromatography process of
separation of the protein complex from a prepared culture solution. In particular, the
interaction of the culture with copper salts became an important factor in the process
                                        of identification.

                     2. The use of the qualitative biuret test for proteins.

     3. Spectral analysis of a control solution of a dipeptide compared to the spectral
                    analysis of the proteinaceous complex under study.

   4. The use of ninhydrin applied to a solution of the complex on filter paper and then
                                          heated.

   5. The reactions of a control set of amino acids, by color, upon heating in a ninhydrin
                                          solution.

     6. The spectral analysis of the same set of control amino acids mentioned above.

   7. The behavior of the proteinaceous complex when subject to N-acetyl cysteine and
                                        ninhydrin.

      8. A positive test for the existence of iron after reduction by N-acetyl cysteine.

   9. A spectral comparison of the amino acid cysteine with the proteinaceous complex
  under the condition of reduction and in combination with a heated ninhydrin solution.

  Let us briefly describe each of these factors to gain a better understanding of how the
    assessment has been achieved. A strong reliance on a series of photographs will be
             made to summarize the complex process that is described above.

                                                 1. Column Chromatography:

                                                 A great deal of time and effort has been devoted to the
                                                 development of column chromatography methods and
                                                 techniques as it applies to the decomposition problem.
                                                 Column chromatography is a method of separation of a
                                                 mixture into various constituent components. A great
                                                 deal of trial and error is required to develop a successfu
                                                 column. This has been achieved with a fair degree of
                                                 reliability at this point in the research.

                                                 The specific details of proteinaceous eluate extraction
                                                 will not be described in detail here. Many combinations
                                                 of solvents, salt solutions, and adbsorbents have been
                                                 used to eventually produce the proteinaceous eluate
                                                 under study here. What can be stated is that a particula
A chromatography column in operation.
                                                               reaction of the culture solutions with copper salts is
                                                               indeed of high interest. It will be found that blue coppe
                                                               protein compounds can be formed with the proper
                                                               combination of the culture solution, copper salts.
                                                               solvents, and adsorbents (stationary phase). The blue
                                                               copper proteins have particular chemical compositional
                                                               qualities, a majority of them that involve the amino
                                                               acids of cysteine and histidine (Type I Blue Copper
                                                               Proteins). This phase of the research was the first
                                                               indication of specific amino acids that may be involved i
                                                               the composition, and it led to an early interest in the
                                                               specific amino acids of histidine and cysteine as a part o
                                                               the composition.

  The proteinaceous eluate extracted from the chromatography
     column. It requires approximately two weeks of column
            chromatography to produce this volume.




he Biuret Test is an important test for the existence of proteins and
 ide bonds. It can be used in both a qualitative and a quantitative sense.
 test indicates the presence of peptide bonds, which are the basis for the
 ation of proteins. The classic test for the presence of peptide bonds is the
ence of a purple color, as is shown here. A superficial examination of the
ature will indicate that the Biuret Test can only be used to detect
 ides with three or bond bonds present; i.e., a tripeptide or larger, and
will result in the purplish color shown. A dipeptide bond, however, has
 two peptides that are joined together. A deeper search in the literature
reveal that the Biuret Test will indeed respond to dipeptide bonds, but
 there will be a shift to a longer wavelength in the spectrum (ie., a shift
ards the blue). With careful examination, this shift in wavelength can be
 rved in a spectral analysis, and it is critical in determining whether a
 ptide or a longer peptide form is in existence.
                                                                               3. The next level of confirmation is to establi
                                                                               that a dipeptide is present in the compound
                                                                               using the methods of spectral analysis in
                                                                               combination with the Biuret Test. An early
                                                                               observation made with the Biuret Test applie
                                                                               the eluate was that the color observed was
                                                                               shifted toward the blue end of the spectrum
                                                                               compared to the classical Biuret Test.

                                                                               It therefore became necessary to establish a
                                                                               dipeptide control case using spectral analysis
                                                                               Aspartame serves as such a control, as it is a
    A reference and control spectral plot of Aspartame, a dipeptide.
                                                                               dipeptide (meaning two peptides joined
                                                                               together). The distinguishing case of the shift
                                                                               wavelength as referred to in the more exhaus
                                                                               literature is therefore proven with the refere
                                                                               case shown here. A tripeptide or larger will s
                                                                               the peak at approximately 600 nm; the dipep
                                                                               will show the peak shifted to approximately 6
                                                                               nm. The rise toward 340 nm is also a
                                                                               distinguishing characteristic.

                                                                               The match in the spectrums between the con
                                                                               and the eluate makes the strong case that a
                                                                               dipeptide is a core constituent of the
                                                                               proteinaceous complex under examination.

pectral plot of the chromatography column eluate. The correspondence and
    match with the reference dipeptide spectrum above is apparent.
4. The next level of confirmation for the existence of the
proteinaceous complex is with the use of ninhydrin.
Ninhydrin is a chemical substance that reacts
distinctively in the presence of amino acids and heat.
Amino acids turn a characteristic purple and or brownish
color in the presence of ninhydrin and heat. The use of
ninhydrin is one of the classical means for fingerprint
detection in forensic science. The ninhydrin test here
proves the existence of amino acids as further
confirmation of the dipeptide assessment reached
previously through spectral analysis.



                                                                       A ninhydrin test on aspartame as a control to the left and the
                                                                         same test on the proteinaceous eluate on the right. Both
                                                                         tests are clearly positive for the presence of amino acids.
                                                              5,6. A reference set of amino acids solutions subjected to
                                                              ninhydrin and heat is created. Unique and identifiable colors
                                                              spectrums are created for each amino acid. Spectral analysis
                                                              can now be used to create a set of reference spectrums for
                                                              the amino acids. Such reference spectrums were created for
                                                              argenine, cysteine, glutamine, glyceine, histidine, lysine. A
                                                              reference spectrum was also created for aspartame; a
                                                              particular dipeptide.




 A reference set of amino acids subjected to a ninhydrin
 test in solution. Unique and identifiable color spectrums
   at a specific pH result for each amino acid. pH of the
    solution is an important variable in the color of the
solutions that results. Number 7 in the set is aspartame in
solution and number 8 is the solution under examination.
     The visual agreement with cysteine (number 2) is
   apparent; spectral analysis confirms this assessment.
7,8. The first test tube in this set is the proteinaceous eluate.
The second test tube is the eluate subjected to the Biuret
Test; proving the existence of the dipeptide form (passes
 pectral analysis test in addition). The third test tube is the
Biuret Test case subjected to N-Acetyl cysteine. At this point,
 he Biuret Test turns clear, indicating that the dipeptide bonds
have been broken. When the resulting clear solution is tested
 or iron in the ferric state (II) the test is positive.

This is an important observation and chemical test result that
will be discussed in greater detail in a later report. In
 ummary, however, this test demonstrates the reduction of the
dipeptide bonds and the release of free iron in the ferrous
 tate (II).

 t will also subsequently be demonstrated that the amino acids
contained within the dipeptide are now in their free form.

                   9. The last test to be briefly presented demonstrates the presence of the cysteine
                  amino acid within the complex. When the eluate is subjected to N-Acetyl cysteine,
                  the dipeptide bonds are broken and the iron is released in its free state. The amino
                      acids, now in their free stated, can be subjected to ninhydrin and heat and a
                  spectrum developed. It will be found that the resulting spectrum will match that of
                     cysteine. This rather complex combination of tests and events will lead to the
                     assessment presented earlier that the protein consists of a metalloid dipeptide
                     complex involving iron in the Fe (III) state combined with cysteine amino acids.




reference spectrum for cysteine after being subjected to ninhydrin and heat.
                                                                                   On the left is a case of the eluate being subj
                                                                                   to the Biuret Test (originally blue-purple), th
                                                                                   subject to the addition of NAC. The dipeptid
                                                                                   bonds are broken and the solution turns clea
                                                                                   On the right, the solution from the previous
                                                                                   step is subject to ninhydrin and heat. This
                                                                                   produces the yellowish color in the tube to t
                                                                                   right. The spectrum of this case is presented
                                                                                   the lower left, and matches that of the
                                                                                   reference spectrum for cysteine. NAC with
                                                                                   ninhydrin and heat by itself produces no suc
                                                                                   color reaction or spectrum. This result solidi
                                                                                   the assessment of the proteinaceous nature
                                                                                   being a complex of both cysteine and iron.

spectrum of the proteinaceous complex after being subjected to the Biuret Test,
cetyl cysteine, ninhydrin and heat. N-acetyl cysteine breaks the dipeptide bonds
ch releases the iron and the amino acids into their free from. When heated with
 nhydrin, the spectrum of the amino acid will match that of cysteine as shown
 ve. The spectrum must be taken immediately after removal from the hot water
                             bath with ninhydrin.

                Clifford E Carnicom
                Born Clifford Bruce Stewart
                Jan 19 1953
                                        Amino Acids Verified
                                                  Clifford E Carnicom
                                                      Sep 18 2012
                                              DRAFT - This paper is in progress

Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am acting solely as an
independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that
 are evident. Each individual must work with their own health professional to establish any appropriate course of action
     and any health related comments in this paper are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own
                                                      perspective.

The existence of certain amino acids, namely cysteine and histidine, as a dominant aspect of the
"Morgellons" growth structure, appears to have been verified. This finding, along with that previously
recorded on the important role that iron plays from a compositional standpoint, may be a highly important
window into the structural framework of the Morgellons condition. It will also be found that deficiencies or
disturbances of these particular amino acids correlate highly with symptoms that appear to frequently
coexist with the condition, i.e., high oxidation levels and joint pains within the body.

The prospect of this finding was first recorded in March of this year. Sufficient opportunity has been
afforded to return to laboratory studies during the past few weeks and the original findings have been
confirmed at a higher level. In the interim, a greater understanding of the likely molecular structure and
bonding arrangement of the proteinaceous complex has been deduced, or at least hopefully this is the
case. Sufficient resources, had they become available at an earlier time, would have rapidly advanced the
painstaking studies that have brought us to the current state of knowledge. This state of knowledge
remains in the majority, highly unfinished, but it is believed that an important level of progress has likely
been achieved under the current work.

The suffering is now deep and widespread amongst many, and haste must be made against the harm to
health and spirit that has taken place. Interference(healthful) with the construct of the proteinaceous
complex, along with a detailed knowledge of its molecular structure, remain as top priorities for future
research. Adequate resources and support dedicated to those efforts will obviously advance those causes
further and in due speed.

A brief summary of how this result has been achieved is in order.

To be continued as time and circumstances permit.
Histidine Amino Acid Reference Spectrum
   Spectrum Acquired from Oral Filament Culture
(Decomposition of Dipeptide Proteinaceous Complex)




     Cysteine Amino Acid Reference Spectrum
   Spectrum Acquired from Oral Filament Culture
(Decomposition of Dipeptide Proteinaceous Complex)
Proposed Model of Histidine-Cysteine Proteinaceous Dipeptide Complex
(Overlaps or Parallels Rieske Protein Structure)
Coordinated Iron Complex in Center of Structure
Rotated View : Proposed Model of Histidine-Cysteine Proteinaceous Dipeptide Complex
(Overlaps or Parallels Rieske Protein Structure)
Coordinated Iron Complex in Center of Structure




                                  THE BIGGEST CRIME OF ALL TIME
                                              Clifford E Carnicom
                                                   Mar 01 2011

       Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
     acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
           unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
     professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
                    are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

     It can now be shown with conviction that environmental filament samples and the
     filaments that are characteristic of the "Morgellons" condition are of one and the same
     nature. This has been demonstrated visually at the microscopic level on two prior
     occasions (please see An Environmental Source and The Breath of a Decade) but there
     has been a reluctance on the part of the general public to engage in the truths of this
     issue.

     The case that they are of one and the same nature can and is also now being made
     analytically through the use of spectral analysis. This paper will progress through a
     series of spectral analyses that have been made, both on the control side as well as on
     the investigative side. The end conclusion that is reached from the work is that at least
     one source of the so-called "Morgellons" condition has been identified. The fact that this
     traces itself to a repeatedly occurring environmental sample represents, in my opinion,
     the worst crime in human history. There have been repeated attempts to have the full
     nature of these environmental samples disclosed for more than a decade but they have
     failed.

     The primary party that is responsible for the failure of the identification and disclosure is
     the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The United States Centers For
     Disease Control and Prevention shares in the culpability of health neglect. The United
     States Air Force and the United States Congress share in the complicity of dismissal. I
     claim the right to speak honestly as I see appropriate.

     The general public will at one point or another confront and reconcile with this reality, no
     matter how difficult the prospect will be. Progress in addressing the seriousness of the
     problem is not going to take place until this recognition by the public does take place.
     However unfortunate the task, this researcher will continue to put forth the evidence that
forces this confrontation to the point of understanding.

Let us now proceed with the work that is to be described.

Through the course of the last year, a Beckman dual-beam spectrophotometer has
been acquired under the auspices of the Carnicom Institute. It has been put to
introductory use through the course of last year and familiarity with the capabilities and
the principles of the instrument has been acquired. There remains a need for much
additional equipment, a facility and a more contemporary version of the current
spectrophotometer but some progress, nevertheless, has taken place. The current
project involves the calibration of the spectrometer through a series of controlled studies
and then the application of the instrument to unique and unidentified biological entities.

The Beckman model that has been acquired is rather elderly and it is based upon tube
technology. All tubes have been replaced and control studies have been completed to
give a reference point on the serviceability and the reliability of the instrument. These
tests have been passed with sufficient confidence and the results of these tests will be
presented first in this discussion.

The first problem is to acquire known spectral analyses and to see if the results can be
duplicated with the equipment at hand. Spectral analysis is its own profession deserving
of sufficient staff and resources, but the principles of operation and result are not so
difficult that they cannot be understood by the majority of us. Levels of refinement in the
process can continue as the understanding of the need for further support avails itself to
the cause.

The first example chosen will be a spectral analysis of human blood, or hemoglobin as
the case may be. This was one of the early studies in the application of the instrument
and a level of confidence in those early results was achieved some time ago. Let us
look at such a chart:
                         http://omlc.ogi.edu/spectra/hemoglobin/

A spectral analysis is essentially a fingerprint, or a unique signature, of a chemical
substance or species within a particular range of frequencies. There are many ranges of
energy that can be used if the required instrument and detectors are available; our
particular interest here is in the range of visible light. The particular spectrum shown
here from the reference designated above shows the absorbance of energy of
hemoglobin (two variants, one combined with oxygen) as it is subjected to visible light
energy; there is also some extension on each end into the ultraviolet and infrared
portions of the spectrum. Visible light runs from approximately 400 to 700 nanometers in
wavelength and it is represented along the horizontal axis of the graph. The Beckman
instrument being used has a useful range of approximately 300 to 800 nanometers and
that will be the band of comparison in the graphs that are presented.

Our main interest in the study at this time is the location of the peaks and troughs of the
spectrum, as these locations are a key feature in establishing the unique signature of a
particular species or substance. The magnitudes of the peaks and troughs (local
maximums and minimums) can vary depending on concentration levels and is not our
primary concern at this point; locations can also vary by the solvent involved. What we
are looking for is a reasonable comparison between the minimums and maximums of a
known substance in solution and that same substance in solution measured directly with
the Beckman spectrophotometer. Some variations are to be allowed for, however, the
locations of the maximums and minimums at specific wavelengths should compare
reasonably well. Recall that we shall confine our examination to between 300 and 800
nanometers. For the graph above it is reasonable to use an average of the two graphs;
our sampling methods do not allow for the distinction between pure hemoglobin and that
combined with oxygen. At this point, we are simply attempting to establish a reasonable
control on the reliability of the instrument that is being used.

In the control chart above, we see a minimum at approximately 310 nm, a maximum at
approximately 420 nm, minimums at 480-505 nm, a maximum at approximately 550 nm
and finally another low in the range of 700-750 nm. This provides us with several
reference points to see if these inflection points can be reasonably reproduced.
A graph of human blood in water obtained with the approximately 50 year old Beckman
dual-beam spectrophotometer is shown above. This particular instrument has no
automatic recording features, and all data must be observed by visually sampling meter
readings at periodic intervals and then producing them on the graph above. In this case,
the sampling has been done at 20 nm increments from 300 to 800 nm. Blood is a
complex substance but we expect to see at least some reasonable concurrence in the
data to continue the work further. Remembering that we are to dismiss magnitudes at
this point and focus on the inflection points, we find a minimum at approximately 320
nm, a maximum at approximately 420 nm, a minimum at approximately 480 nm, a
maximum at approximately 525 nm and a final minimum at approximately 725 nm. This
indicates that we have in some reasonable fashion captured the characteristic signature
of hemoglobin and that at this point there is no reason to doubt the integrity of the
instrument.

It may be fair to presume that the resolution of detection within an older instrument is
not expected to be the same as that of a modern instrument, but the locations of
inflections should compare reasonably well. This has been achieved with the example
above. It is also noticed that the varying light colors are easily and directly visible within
the sample container of the instrument and that they correspond to the expected meter
readings as the wavelengths are varied; this adds to the confidence in the instrument
being used. A modern recording instrument would indeed be valuable but it is simply not
available. Incidentally, dual beam spectrophotometers are considerably more complex
but easier to use than single beam instruments, as they eliminate many of the variations
that can occur with the swapping of a reference solution with the substance dissolved in
another container of that same solution.




                         http://www.bjarke.com/upload/P1_done.pdf

Our next example of a control test is that of a solution of copper sulphate (CuSO4); the
graph above will serve as our reference. In the example above, the point is made that
the concentration of the solution can directly affect the magnitude of the spectrum. The
general shape of the characteristic curve remains generally consistent, however, we
can see that the major peak at approximately 750 nm is not revealed until sufficient
concentration exists. This is another reason that we must constrain ourselves to
generalized interpretations of the spectrums at this point. More detailed instrumentation
and constraints on the solutions will yield correspondingly more precise information for
interpretation. Our objective here is simply to assure the reliability of the instrument
being used for this report. The general features of this example are to notice a relatively
sharp decrease in absorbance from the 300 to 400 nm range, a generally and relatively
low and level absorbance in the range of 400 to 550 nm, a rather sharp increase in
absorbance in the 600 to 800 nm range, and with sufficient concentration, a sharp local
maximum at approximately 740-760 nm.




Above is the graph of solution of copper sulphate (concentration unknown) made with
the Beckman dual-beam spectrophotometer. Once again, the general reliability of the
instrumentation is established here. We notice a decrease in absorbance in the 300 to
360 nm range, a relatively modest to slightly increasing absorbance in the 400-600 nm
range (mild increase in slope over the control sample, however), a sharp increase in
absorbance over the 600-800 nm range, and a very pronounced maximum at
approximately 750-760 nm. The more generalized resolution of the instrument on hand
also remains apparent, but the uniqueness of the spectrum is once again established
with reasonable confidence and reliability. A third control test was conducted using food
dyes and the results again remain reasonable. It is at this point that we are sufficiently
prepared to apply the spectral measurement instrumentation and techniques to an
unknown substance. This will be discussed in the examples below.
It is at this point that we begin to gain valuable new insight into a long standing problem.
Above is a spectral analysis graph of an important and unique filament structure. The
filament sample above is the same airborne environmental filament sample type that
was sent to the United States Environmental Protection Agency. It was requested that
the agency identify the nature of this filament structure on behalf of the public welfare
and health interest. The agency refused to conduct this analysis and disclosure and
stated that it was not their policy to do so. This filament structure has been described in
detail on this site as it has been subjected to extensive microscopic analysis; please see
the many reports in this site on this matter.

It has been learned from much testing that the exterior of the filament appears to be
primarily an encasing structure and that it appears to consist of a keratin-like substance
that is extremely resilient and difficult to penetrate or break down. Over recent years my
focus has been on the internal nature of the filament as there are complex structures
and biological developments that occur within. These observations have also been
reported on extensively in this site. One of the most successful methods of penetrating
the filament has been with the use of sodium hydroxide and heat; several experiments
of that sort have been described.

The graph above shows a spectral analysis using primarily visible light wavelengths in a
solution of sodium hydroxide after heat was applied; the sampling rate is 10 nm. The
most salient features of this absorbance spectrum analysis include a very sharp peak at
approximately 375 nm, a sharp increase prior to this maximum and a fairly sharp and
steady decline in absorbance out to the end of the spectrum at 800 nm. As such, the
spectrum is not inordinately complex but by nature it is unique and distinctive. This is, to
my knowledge, the first time that this spectral information has been made available to
the public using this particular analytical technique.




The graph immediately above is also remarkable for what becomes an obvious reason.
The graph above is an absorbance spectral analysis of a culture that has been
developed from human oral filament samples that are representative of, and
characteristic of, the so-called "Morgellons" condition. The description of these cultures
and the many microscopic examinations of these cultures have been presented
througout this site. This particular culture material is approximately one year old and
was subject to drying and pulverization and it also was also placed into a sodium
hydroxide solution with heat. The relative smoothness of this graph is likely due to the
homogeneity that can be achieved in the preparation of this sample state. The biology
of the organism appears to allow existence indefinitely in a dormant state if the
environmental conditions demand it.

It is apparent that the latter two graphs are essentially identical. As the reliability of the
instrument under use has been established with reasonable confidence, the following
conclusion becomes evident: This conclusion is that the nature of a repeatedly
occurring environmental filament sample is identical in nature to that filament entity
which is representative and characteristic of the "Morgellons" condition. This equality in
nature has now been established unequivocally through three different methods:
visually, metrically, and analytically. There are potential therapeutic ramifications to the
strong absorbance peak at approximately 375 nm and any strategies are to be treated
with caution and respect; these will need to be developed in later reports.

As such, at least one source of the Morgellons condition has been identified and it is a
repeating environmental source. It is now up to us as the inhabitants and stewards of
this planet to comprehend the consequences and the significance of the conclusions
herein.

Sincerely,

Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 1, 2011

                             Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page
                                      Carnicom Institute




                              THE BREATH OF A DECADE
                                     Clifford E Carnicom
                                          Dec 18 2010
                                     Edited Jan 10 2011

This paper is written to let it be known that the basic problems related to environmental
contaminants disclosed over a decade ago remain essentially the same. An airborne
filament sample has again been received and it has been properly documented. This
material is identical in form and structure to that sent to the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency for identification. This agency refused identification of the material
and declared that it was not their policy to do so. All available evidence indicates that
the general populace has been subjected to the ingestion of these materials through
airborne methods for more than a decade, at a minimum. The filaments have been
analyzed in detail to the degree possible with available resources and they have been
reported on extensively within this site.

The filaments have been shown to contain (and continue to do so with this report)
complex internal structures and biological components. These environmentally
dispersed filaments have been shown to have a high degree of similarity and correlation
with those that are characteristic of the so-called "Morgellons" condition. Human
samples of filaments representative of the "Morgellons" condition have been cultured
extensively, and they continue to show the same level of similarity with the enviromental
samples that are disclosed here.

I shall not belabor the issue as ample opportunity and notification to the public has been
provided as to the seriousness of the case. The purpose of this paper is to inform the
public that:

1. The problems as identified more than a decade ago remain.

2. All evidence indicates that the general populace has been repeatedly subjected to the
ingestion of these airborne filament materials. The airborne filaments, at the smallest
level of division, measure at the sub-micron level in thickness (less than that of
asbestos fibers).

3. The filaments contain a complex internal structure and they contain biological
components, potentially related to chlyamydia-like organisms. Erythrocytic forms have
also been repeatedly identified or cultured from both environmental and human filament
samples.

4. The characteristics of these environmental filaments and those of the so-called
Morgellon's condition appear to be essentially identical.

5. From a statistical standpoint, it appears that the general populace is subject to the so-
called "Morgellon's" condition.

6. Proper identification and analysis of both the environmental samples and the
"Morgellon's" condition remains undone.

7. The Carnicom Institute has the desire to have the proper work completed in a publicly
accountable fashion with the proper resources; the Institute is dependent upon public
participation and support to further this cause. Significant resources will be required to
make further progress. Public service and government agencies, environmental
organizations, health institutions, academia and private organizations have failed to
serve the public's environmental and health needs.

8. The vitality and viability of human existence and life on this planet, as it has been
known to exist, is under threat.
Airborne Filament Sample, Atwater CA Nov 14 2010
            Magnification Approx. 250x.




Airborne Filament Sample, Atwater CA Nov 14 2010
            Magnification Approx. 625x
      Airborne Filament Sample, Atwater CA Nov 14 2010
Internal biological clustered structures(chlamydia-like) visible.
                  Magnification Approx. 2500x




      Airborne Filament Sample, Atwater CA Nov 14 2010
Internal individual biological structures(chlamydia-like) visible.
                  Magnification Approx. 2500x
                     Airborne Filament Sample, Atwater CA Nov 14 2010.
                            Complex internal structure apparent.
                                 Magnification Approx. 2500x




                                    Human Blood Cells:
                  Control Photograph for Reference Magnification Purposes.
                                Magnification Approx. 2500x


           Please also consider viewing this recent video that is available.
A translation to English will be helpful; please send to info@carnicominstitute.info if
                                        possible.
      Thank you to the individuals that have made this video available and for any
                                 translation assistance.

Clifford E Carnicom
Dec 18 2010

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                                         Carnicom Institute




                                     MORGELLONS :
                               THE EXTENT OF THE PROBLEM
                                         Clifford E Carnicom
                                             June 14 2010

  Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
      unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
               are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

Those that are familiar with my work know that I take issue with the claim put forth that the so-
called "Morgellons" condition is a highly restricted situation that affects only a few individuals
that happen to manifest a certain set of skin conditions. To the contrary, the work shows that the
general population appears be to subject to the condition and that the criteria used to establish its
existence should be focused on biological change and manifestations WITHIN the body. It is my
position that filaments that occur within the body and the alteration of the blood are more suitable
criteria upon which to establish the presence or absence of the condition.

Thus far, every individual that has participated in this testing reveals this internal change, and it is
only the degree of change and alteration within the body that varies. It remains hopeful that
exceptions to this generalization will be found in the future as a basis for more study. Given the
state of affairs, however, these changes can in no way be considered to be "normal", just as the
engineered physical alterations to our planet (with emphasis upon our atmosphere) can not be
accepted as "normal". This is a truth regardless of the amount of time that we are subjected to
these injustices.

The purpose is this paper is to make an emotional appeal to you. Adequate time to lay the
groundwork of scientific method and discovery has been provided in a myriad of ways and it is
now time to ask the more basic and fundamental questions:

                         At what point do you realize that you are involved?

                    At what point do you realize that your children are involved?
             At what point do you realize that those you know and love are involved?

                 At what point do you realize that life beyond yourself is involved?

      And at what point do you realize that the life and health of the planet itself is involved?

Rest assured, I will add to our "clinical body of knowledge"... But if this is all that can be seen, and
if this is all that you are looking for at this stage of the game, then you have missed out on the
scale of the problem and of your own participation in the problem. A passive acceptance of
injustice is no longer excusable if the future course of events is clear with no underlying change
in prospect.

Let us now go on in the more comfortable vein of providing you with "more evidence" that there is
indeed a problem. Over the past couple of years, I would estimate that at least three dozen people
have participated in the study of internal biological changes that I have initiated. The studies were
an outgrowth of the initial studies that focused upon the skin (external) alterations that are more
commonly reported to establish the existence of the condition. It became apparent to me that
such external examinations were not sufficient to establish the underlying basis of the condition.
Only time and proper effort will identify the true distribution of the condition and the causative
factors, but based upon the work herein it is certainly statistically fair at this point to include the
entire population as under risk. Furthermore, the work shows that examination of the human form
alone is myopic enough in its own right.

I do not always have the means, time or resources to continue repeating certain tests unless
additional cause or information comes to light. Such additional cause of information is the subject
of this paper. The opportunity to further investigate the influence of diet and age upon the
Morgellons conditions has arisen, and my appreciation is extended to these two individuals that
have added to our body of knowledge on this subject. One of the individuals that has participated
in this study is that of a 37 year old life-long vegetarian male and the other is that of an 8 year old
male child. The results of the work are presented below for your study. When you have finished
with your study on this occasion, I am asking you to return to the series of questions that have
been asked of you above. This time, for us to continue with this dialog, I must ask YOU for YOUR
answers.




                                          PHOTOGRAPHS:

                                    37 Year Old Vegetarian Male :
    A case of the dental sample for the 37 year old vegetarian        The red blood cells of the same 37 year old vegetarian male
male. The process of sampling is as follows: The mouth of the            examined under the microscope at high power (approx.
 subject is cleaned thoroughly so that no evidence of any solid      10,000x). This individual states himself to be in apparent good
       material within the mouth is visible whatsoever. The                health prior to the observations provided here. The
individual then takes approximately 20 ml. (i.e., a swig) of red       correspondence of the structures that are degrading the cell
 wine and vigorously swishes the wine in the mouth, gums and         walls of the red blood cells (bacterial-like) and those that have
    teeth for approximately three minutes. The contents of the             been continually found within the filament samples
solution after this time period are expelled into a petri dish and    (environmental, skin and dental) has been repeatedly made.
  the majority of the wine siphoned off. The procedure is then       Please also refer to the paper entitled "A Mechanism of Blood
repeated two more times, for a total exposure of approximately        Damage" dated Dec. 14, 2009 for further information on this
  9-10 minutes. The individual shows no anomalies at the skin            subject. The damage to the integrity of the cell walls is
level. The material shown here is of a filament nature (it is not    apparent, and is identical to that first observed as characteristic
  a precipitate; this will be discussed further below) and it has         of individuals manifesting skin anomalies reported in
   been reported on and described in detail extensively on this        association with the so-called "Morgellons" condition. The
 site. The correspondence of this material from inside the body          condition of the cells shown in this image is typical and
  has been made with filament samples acquired from the skin                   representative of the entire sample observed.
 (i.e, exterior of the body). The correspondence of this sample
  material with that of certain environmental samples has also
                    been made. See prior reports.




An additional example of the condition of the red blood cells An additional example of the condition of the red blood cells
of the 37 year old vegetarian male. This individual eats dairy of the 37 year old vegetarian male. The significant disruption
    products but no meat. This individual has the distinct     to the cellular structures as has been reported on extensively
background of having been a vegetarian from a very early age     on this site is apparent. Individuals sampled thus far vary
        (i.e., approximately since he was 4 years old).                widely in age, location and are of both sexes.
                 Magnification approx. 10,000x.                                 Magnification approx. 10,000x.
                                                  8 Year Old Male Child :




   The case of the dental sample for the 8 year old child. The   The condition of the red blood cells of the 8 year old child in
  procedure followed is identical to that described for the 37   coincidence with the dental samples provided in this test. No
year old male above. Filament samples are once again visible.       additional comments will be made. Please refer to the
  The material is of a filament nature; it is NOT a precipitate voluminous work on this subject prior to this paper. I also refer
  (see additional note below). This is the second occasion on    you to the series of questions that are the basis of this paper.
      which a child has participated in the studies with the                    Magnification approx. 10,000x.
     permission of the parents. In both cases the results are
  affirmative and identical with respect to the presence of the
filaments INTERNAL to the body. The individual displays no
   skin anomalies. For previous work that is relevant to this
presentation, please refer to the paper entitled "And Now Our
                 Children", dated Jan 11, 2008.




An additional example of the condition of the red blood cells    An additional example of the condition of the red blood cells
of the 8 year old child in coincidence with the dental samples   of the 8 year old child in coincidence with the dental samples
                      provided in this test.                                           provided in this test.
                Magnification approx. 10,000x.                                   Magnification approx. 10,000x.



                                            Some Prospects for the Future :
   This series of photographs is NOT presented as a cure or              The photographs of the red blood cells shown here are
 solution to anything. They do, however, present the potential         representative only on the date of this work, approximately
   merits of dedicated research that are in opposition to any          May of 2010. Indeed, one of the conclusions that has been
acquiescence to the current state of affairs. These photographs     reached through observations is that the condition of the blood
 represents the condition of the blood of an individual that has     can change fairly rapidly, e.g. over a 3 week interval. The life
pursued certain strategies that have been recently proposed and     cycle of a red blood cell is approximately 3 months, however,
  outlined through this site. The strategies are centered on the    significant changes in the general condition of the blood (both
 benefits and disadvantages of alkaline vs. acidic diets and on         improvement and degradation) have repeatedly occurred
 the role of anti-oxidants with respect to health. The strategies     within the fairly brief interval of 3 weeks. Monitoring of the
    are the result of certain filament culture trials that have      blood on a continuous basis is therefore another strategy that
  described at some length on this site. No medical advice or            may be evaluated as to its merit in the assessment of the
    diagnosis is implied or stated herein; each individual is          "Morgellons" condition. What is generally shown here is a
  responsible for consultation with the health professional of        return of the cells to a more uniform geometry and integrity
their choice for any choice of action pursued. The information             that does follow a period of increased alkalinity and
provided on this site is for informational purposes only. Please     antioxidants within the diet of the individual. It is also true to
     refer to the notice at the beginning of this paper and as        state that the condition of the cells of this individual, several
               pronounced ubiquitously on this site.                    months past, were quite similar to the degraded examples
                  Magnification approx. 10,000x.                      shown above. Sharp and fairly rapid periods of degradation
                                                                        have also been observed, and therefore these photographs
                                                                      present only potential benefits from the current research and
                                                                       not absolute benefits. Each individual must consult with
                                                                    their own health professional to evaluate any strategies for
                                                                                             improved health.
                                                                                      Magnification approx. 10,000x.




 This photograph shows what appears to be a white blood cell          This photographs is representative of why emphatically no
 in the process of engulfing the bacterial-like structures that   solution or "cure" to this biological condition is claimed or
have been under extensive study. This type of observation has      implied herein. It has been observed that the blood serum
   in general been quite rare. The observation suggests the      appears to be a primary carrier of the bacterial-like structures
     enhancement of the immune system may have some              (see A Mechanism of Blood Damage). Therefore, cases have
effectiveness in diminishing the numbers of the growth form. been observed where the blood cell geometry has returned to a
               Magnification approx. 10,000x.                     more normal form but the distributions of the bacterial-like
                                                                    forms remain extensive in the surrounding serum. Each
                                                                individual is to consult with their own medical professional for
                                                                 any interpretation and advice of any results shown here or on
                                                                                             this site.
                                                                                 Magnification approx. 10,000x.




                                      A Typical Example of What We Are Facing :




           This is a representative example of the filament culture in mid-stage growth. This filament growth has
            resulted from a dental sample "seed", as outlined in red within the photograph. The culture medium is
          white wine. Various mediums have been found to be productive, but the simplest and most useful thus far
           is that of both red and white wines. There are four primary stages of growth that have described in the
               reports. The first is the chlamydia-like (bacterial like) growth stage. The second (additional, not
          replacement) is the pleomorphic growth for which mycoplasma-like forms remain a candidate. The third
          stage (additional, not replacement) is the filament growth (as shown here) . The fourth stage (additional,
                    not replacement) is the development of erthyrocytic forms within the filament growth.

               Within the filament stage of growth, there are 3 stages of sub-growth that occur. The first stage of
          filament growth is pure white in color. This stage can be seen on the boundaries and edges of the primary
          growth shown above. This stage is short-lived, commonly on the order of 1-3 days. The second stage is a
             transformation to a greenish color, and this dominates the mid-stage of growth as shown above. This
          stage can commonly last on the order of two to three weeks. The final stage is a transformation to a deep
          black color (not shown). The complete process can take commonly on the order of two to three months to
              complete. When the black stage of growth is complete (mature stage) the consistency of the growth
           begins to approximate a tar-like nature. The growth solution (originally wine) becomes darker and more
                                                       viscous in nature.



    Additional Note: It is claimed by some "parties" that the dental samples obtained are "normal" and that there is
    "nothing to be concerned about" with the subjects of these reports. The basis of this claim is a known reaction that
    takes place between red wines and saliva, whereby a precipitate is formed. It is claimed that such precipitates are the
basis of these reports, and hence there is no concern for the findings shown.. These claims are inadequate and false
for the following reasons:

1. What is observed and reported upon, for many years now, is a FILAMENT structure. It is NOT a
precipitate.
2. The reaction between saliva and red wines does indeed occur, and it has been studied extensively under the
microscope. The precipitate is in no way identical or similar to the filament material that is the subject of the reports.
3. The sheer volume of filament materials produced, as in the first example shown above, is enough to eliminate any
realistic portrayal as a precipitate formation.
4. The precipitate test can be easily reproduced and examined outside of the body, as it is not dependent upon
material that emanates from the gums of the individual, as the specimens of these reports do. The wine-saliva-
precipitate reaction is dependent only upon the interactions between wine and saliva, and is relatively trivial
compared to the materials that are shown here. The material that is the subject of this report emanates from the gums
of the individual.

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                                         MORGELLONS :
                                   GROWTH INHIBITION CONFIRMED
                                                Clifford E Carnicom
                                                     Mar 15 2010

Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

The growth of the bacterial-like organisms that appear to be at the foundation of the so-called
Morgellons condition has been positively inhibited. The basis of the rationale that is used in these
trials has been outlined in detail in a previous report entitled Morgellons : A Discovery and a
          1
Proposal . The basis of that report is the application of a set of specific antioxidants that inhibit
the growth of the organism(s) in the presence of the hydroxyl free radical and the creation of a
more alkaline environment. It has been established in that earlier report that the organism(s)
thrive in an acidic environment in the presence of the hydroxyl radical and oxidizers in general.

The basic strategy that has been adopted is a transformation of the growth environment to a more
alkaline condition along with adding specific antioxidants that are directed toward the scavenging
of the hydroxyl radical. Please also refer to the earlier paper for the rationale behind the selection
of the particular antioxidants that have been used.

There is absolutely no statement herein that indicates the particular organism(s) has been
terminated or extinguished, only that growth of the organism(s) under the specific conditions and
trials mentioned has been inhibited. There is no assurance that all agents used in these trials is
required to produce these results, nor that they be used at the arbitrary dosage levels that have
been chosen for the cultures. Future work will examine the reduction or restriction of these same
agents and dosages with the goal of replicating the results.
    This paper shall be brief as it confirms the proposal of the preceding paper more explicitly. The
    primary purpose of the paper will be to demonstrate the inhibition that takes place in confirmation
    of the earlier work and to enumerate the specific antioxidants that have been used in these trials.
    There remains an overwhelming amount of work that remains to be done, and these results simply
    promote one particular strategy that is worthy of exhaustive and intense study. It is anticipated
    that other antioxidants that emphasize scavenging the hydroxyl radical and that alkalize the
    growth environment may also be effective.


                                                      PHOTOGRAPHS




An overview of the trial results. The top two petri dishes demonstrate the early stages of the growth of the bacterial-like forms
  that precede and lead to the growth of the filament stage as outlined in earlier culture reports. The growth medium is white
wine as has also been discussed previously. This repeatable growth stage occurs in an acidic environment in conjunction with
the presence of the hydroxyl free radical. The presence of the hydroxyl radical is established with the use of Fenton's reaction
    (iron sulfate and hydrogen peroxide) as has been discussed previously. The top two dishes have no attempts to inhibit or
   reduce their growth. The bottom two petri dishes are the same culture trials but subjected to the presence of three specific
 hydroxyl scavenging antioxidants at the beginning of the trial. The specific antioxidants being used are that of ascorbic acid,
   sodium citrate and glycerol. Please refer to the earlier paper 2 and references for the rationale behind the selection of these
   specific hydroxyl scavenging antioxidants. In the lower two dishes the bacterial-like stage of the growth process does not
                                    succeed at any level commensurate to that of the above.
   The growth of the early stage of the culture in an
                                                        The growth of the early stage of the culture in a restrained form in
 unrestrained form in more detail. Examination of the
                                                       more detail. The culture has been subjected to three specific hydroyl
detailed morphology of the culture requires high level
                                                        radical scavenging antioxidants : ascorbic acid, sodium citrate and
magnification (approx. 10,000x) and has been reported
                                                         glycerol. The absence of the bacterial-like stage of growth of the
    on extensively in earlier papers. This culture is
                                                         culture is apparent. This culture is approximately 3 to 4 days old.
            approximately 3 to 4 days old.




 A more advanced stage of the bacterial-like (chlaymidia-like   The more advanced stage of surface filament growth in a wine
 and mycoplasma-like) growth of the culture under condtions         culture medium as has been reported on extensively and as
     identical to that immediately above. This culture is        developed by an independent researcher that is in the process
approxmately 1-2 weeks old and is in white wine. The success           of duplicating a portion of this work. This photograph
and advantages of the white wine and clear culture (simulated   represents the first presentation of the filament stage of growth
            wine) has been previously described.                in a white wine vs. a red wine environment. This demonstrates
                                                                  the lack of dependence upon the color of a red or white wine
                                                                 to produce this culminating stage of growth. This culture has
                                                                 been developed from a separate red-wine filament culture and
                                                                    not from the bacterial stage exhibited above. This filament
                                                                    growth is identical to that which originates from the dental
                                                                 sample cultures that have been reported on extensively in this
                                                                 site. The filament growth exhibited here has also been shown
                                                                    to be identical in form, size and structure to that developed
                                                                   from certain environmental samples, namely that which has
                                                                     been refused for identification by the U.S. Envriomental
                                                                                         Protection Agency.




A view of the developing bacterial-like stage of growth   Another view of the developing culture at approximately 300x. This
 in the petri dish as shown above under relatively low photograph is showing the emergence of the filament stage of growth
magnification, i.e., approx. 300x after approximately 3 within the culture; this filament stage is not visible by eye. Individual
to 4 days. This is the unrestrained growth example that     detailed study of the early growth of the culture requires high
 is presented above. The general gross structure of the                    magnification (approx. 10,000x).
  colony can be examined at this level, but individual
 detail requires high magnification (approx. 10,000x).
    The growth in this photograph is substantial and
   appears as essentially a continuous layer of growth
                  under the microscope.




The restrained, or inhibited, growth of the culture under relatively low magnification (approx. 300x) in the petri dish at the end
 of the same time period, i.e., approximately 3 to 4 days. The lack of growth is apparent. Essentially what is being viewed here
is the bottom surface of the petri dish looking through a white wine solution. The particular set of antioxidants chosen (under a
                specific and arbitrary dosage level) successfully inhibits the further development of the culture.



     Additional notes:

     Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
     acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
     unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
     professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
     are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

     The white wine medium in each dish is 30 ml. At this point, no distinctions in growth have been
     determined between different varieties of wine, either red or white. The white wine cultures offer the
     advantage of clarity in observation.

     Some reports on toxicity levels of ascorbic acid and Vitamin C reported on are as follows:

              "Since ascorbic acid is a water-soluble vitamin, toxic levels are not built up or stored in the body,
              and any excess is lost mostly through urine. If extremely large amounts are taken gastrointestinal
              problems may appear, but will normalize when the intake is cut or reduced. To determine a level
              where a person might experience discomfort is difficult, since some people can easily stomach up
              to 25,000 mg per day, while others start having a problem at 600 or 1,000 mg." 3
              "Vitamin C exhibits remarkably low toxicity. The LD50 (the dose that will kill 50% of a
              population) in rats is generally accepted to be 11.9 grams per kilogram of body weight when taken
              orally.[56] The LD50 in humans remains unknown, owing to medical ethics that preclude
        experiments that would put patients at risk of harm. However, as with all substances tested in this
        way, the LD50 is taken as a guide to its toxicity in humans and no data to contradict this has been
        found."4

Approximately 30 mg. of ascorbic acid has been added to the volume of 30 ml of white wine (approx.
1000 mg. / kg of solution). Equating this roughly to the human body (assume 70 kg.), this translates to a
single dosage of approximately 70 gms. Assuming an ingestion of 1000 mg per day, this equates to
distributing the above dosage over a period of approximately 70 days to reach the equivalent result. An
ingestion rate of 10,000 mg. of ascorbic acid per day leads to a time period of approximately 7 days to
reach an equivalent result.

This example points out the outstanding and continuous need for all individuals to consult with their own
medical professionals to manage their own individual health requirements and objectives; I have not and I
will not provide any medical or diagnostic advice. I have reported and I will report on laboratory conditions
and the results achieved from that work.

Approximately 0.1 ml (~.126gms.) of glycerol (USP) (glycerine) has been added to the volume of 30 ml. of
white wine (equates to approx. 4.2 gms / kg.).

                                                                                       5
With respect to glycerol, some of the toxicity information available is as follows:

                                        -1
        " IPR-RAT LD50 8700 mg kg
                                    -1
        ORL-RAT LD50 12600 mg kg
                                -1
        SCU-RAT LD50 100 mg kg
                                   -1:"
        ORL-MUS LD50 8700 mg kg

Additionally,

        "A recent GLP compliant oral gavage study in rats given glycerol formal for 90 days at
        dosages up to 25 mg/kg indicated no treatment changes in physical signs of animals,
                                                                        6
        bodyweight gain, hematological, biochemical or urine analysis."

To equate 25 mg. / kg. as referenced in the latter report to a human body, this equates to a daily intake of
approximately 1.75 gms. / 70 kg.

From the former report, LD50 (lethal dose 50% probability) orally of glycerol is therefore approximately
12.6 gms / kg. for rats. This equates to approximately 882 gms. per 70 kg. of the human body. At 25 mg. /
kg., 4.2 gms. / kg. is to be distributed over a period of appoximately 168 days to reach an equivalent
dosage.

Approximately 0.25 ml of sodium citrate solution has been added to the volume of 30 ml. of white wine.
The sodium citrate solution has been prepared by combining lemon juice with baking soda to reaction
completion.

With respect to the toxicity of sodium citrate, the following is identified:

                                        7
        "LD50: Oral rat LD50 >8 g/Kg"

This equates to the human body in mass at approximately > 560 gms / 70 kg. Sodium citrate is an
alkalizing agent, may have interactions with other ingredients or compounds and its potential application
                                                              8,9
must be coordinated and directed though medical consultation . If any information in this section is found
to be incorrect or requires revision, please contact me at [cec102@usa.com] with the appropriate and
supporting documentation. Future trials will consider reductions in dosage since at this point the dosage
reference levels are entirely aribtrary. This paper terminates with the commencing condition of release:

Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of
unusual biological conditions that are evident. Each individual must work with their own health
professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper
are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.




References:

1. Carnicom, Clifford, Morgellons : A Discovery and a Proposal,
http://www.carnicom.com/morgobs8.htm, Feb 22, 2010.
2. Carnicom, Feb 22.
3.Ascorbic Acid - Vitamin C - Information, http://www.anyvitamins.com/vitamin-c-
ascorbicacid-info.htm
4. Vitamin C, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitamin_C
5.Safety Data for Glycerol, http://msds.chem.ox.ac.uk/GL/glycerol.html
6.Commitee for Veterinary Medicinal Products, Glycerol Formal Summary Report,
http://www.ema.europa.eu/pdfs/vet/mrls/010896en.pdf
7.MSDS, Aqua Science Inc., http://aquascience.thomasnet.com/Asset/31-244_FerroVer.pdf
8. Citric acid and sodium citrate, http://health.yahoo.com/urinary-medications/citric-acid-and-
sodium-citrate/healthwise--d03952a1.html
9. Citric acid-Sodium citrate, http://www.healthline.com/goldcontent/citric-acid-sodium-citrate

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                                   MORGELLONS :
                            A DISCOVERY AND A PROPOSAL
                                        Clifford E Carnicom
                                             Feb 22 2010
                                        Edited Jun 02 2011
                                        Edited Jun 12 2011

Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this
information. I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of
extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.
Each individual must work with their own health professional to establish any
appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper are solely
for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.
A set of conditions that leads to the enhanced growth of the "bacterial-like"
components of the cultures under study has been identified. This will be referred
to as the discovery aspect of this paper.

A set of conditions that apparently leads to the inhibition of the growth of the
"bacterial-like" components has also been identified. This will be referred to as
the proposal aspect of this paper.

These bacterial-like forms comprise two of the four primary components that
have been repeatedly identified as being distinctly characteristic of the so-called
"Morgellons's condition. The additional two forms are that of the filament and
erythrocytic forms, respectively, as enumerated within numerous earlier papers
(e.g., Morgellons : A New Classification). The bacterial-like forms are at the crux
of the research on this condition, as they appear to be the precursors and
prerequisites to the matured development that encompasses all four forms. The
existence of the bacterial-like (chlamydia-like and mycoplasma-like) forms can
only be established with certainty at sufficient microscopic examination
(approximately 10,000x).

                                   DISCOVERY

Now for additional details on the discovery aspect of this paper. A general
statement will be made, and then I will expand upon this statement with additional
information:

"Given that a hydroxyl free radical exists within an acidic environment with
sufficient nutrients, the growth of the Morgellons bacterial-like organisms in that
same medium will increase rapidly in the presence of oxidizers."

Let us now discuss how this statement has evolved and what it means.

Hundreds of various culture trials have been analyzed over the past several
months since it was learned that the four components (as a minimum) can be
cultivated in a controlled environment external to the body. These culture studies
continue. It is these cultures that have allowed many conclusions and inferences
to be drawn on various aspects that affect the growth of the pathogens under
study. Some of the aspects that have been considered include variation in the
culture medium (agar, wines, simulated wines, broths, etc.), acid or alkalinity
(pH), conductivity variation, ion analyses, nutrients and potential inhibitors to
growth, for example. Some of the approaches and assessments have been
reached through a combination of trial and error, experimentation and intuition;
the majority of them have been reached through the prolonged and progressive
accumulation of various rationales and study. The general statement above has
been reached through a combination of all of the above.
                           Culture Trials Under Examination

Rather than detail all of the various combinations that have been evaluated over
the many preceding months, let us focus now on more recent developments that
seem to be especially important with respect to the growth and the inhibition of
the pathogens.

One of the changes that has occurred during the last several weeks is to shift the
majority of the cultures to the use of white wines instead of red wines. Solution
based chemistry by itself has many advantages, but one of the needs that has
arisen is to develop a colorless or clear solution based culture so that analysis
and observation become more straightforward. This idea was successful and
numerous advantages have resulted from this switch. In addition, we learn that
growth, at least at the preliminary stages, is not affected by whether a red wine or
a white wine is involved (i.e., tannin consideration, etc.). Indeed, a "simulated
wine" culture has also been developed with some success, and this has the
extended advantage of being both transparent and of known chemical
composition. This level of control may become even more important in the future,
but for the time being, white wines are simple to use and accomplish the
immediate purpose. Red wines have the known advantage of being able to
produce the culminating filament form; not enough time has elapsed yet to
determine if this remains the case for white wines. Agar cultures were the first to
be developed some time ago, but they offer no distinct advantages at this time.

The next item to consider is the role of iron. It may be recalled from earlier reports
that an interest in potential iron consumption and the metabolism of iron has
been expressed. This remains the case. The cultures will grow in white wine
alone, but the growth appears without doubt to be enhanced with the addition of a
small amount of iron sulfate to the solution. During some of the trials that use a
combination of white wine and iron sulfate, an additional component of hydrogen
peroxide was introduced into the culture. It is at this point that a dramatic
increase in the growth rate and extent of the culture was noted. Under these
circumstances, it is not unusual to be able to record and observe the bacterial-
like stage of growth occurring within a matter of hours. This is in major contrast
    to the use of wine alone, where a minimum of several days will usually be
    necessary. The filament growth stage generally takes anywhere from weeks to
    months to develop and it does seem in part to depend upon temperature.

    This particular reaction of sudden growth is of much interest and it has deserved
    further and detailed consideration. As we delve into this question, a particular
    chemical reaction of note emerges, known as Fenton's Reaction1,2 (discovered in
    1894). The essence of Fenton's reaction is as follows : the iron ion (+2) when
    added to hydrogen peroxide, forms the iron ion in the +3 state, the OH- ion (i.e.,
    the hydroxide ion) and the OH (neutral) radical, also called the hydroxyl radical.

    The hydroxyl radical (OH neutral) is of tremendous interest in our case. What is
    the 'hydroxyl radical" and why is it important? The hydroxyl radical is what is
    known as a "free radical" and it has major implications in biology, health and
    disease. I am not a chemist by profession and those that are may choose to
    engage themselves; I continue to hope that they shall. I am, however, sufficiently
    motivated in a broad array of disciplines to seek answers to important questions
    and problems of need and we have more than enough of them for us all.

    A free radical is a compound that in general seeks to react, because of an
    electron imbalance, with something else. In more technical terms, a free radical is
    a substance with one or more unpaired electrons.3 As one of many examples of
    the consequences of the this particular free radical, we note the following:

"In cells and tissues, such particles can attack a host of surrounding biomolecules to
produce new free radicals, which, in turn, attack yet other compounds. Thus, the formation
of a single free radical can initiate a large number of chemical reactions that are ultimately
able to disrupt the normal operations of cells".4

    Furthermore, this particular "Reactive Oxygen Species" (ROS) is just about at the
    top of the list in nature as essentially one of the most reactive oxidants known,
    only after Fluorine as shown in the following table:5

                                                     Oxidation
                                  Oxidant
                                                    potential, V
                                  Fluorine              3.0
                              Hydroxyl radical          2.8
                                  Ozone                 2.1
                            Hydrogen peroxide           1.8
                                Potassium
                                                        1.7
                              permanganate
                             Chlorine dioxide           1.5
                                 Chlorine               1.4
Oxidation is the process in which atoms, molecules or ions lose electrons. An
oxidizing agent is a chemical reagent that oxidizes, or takes electrons away from
other atoms, molecules or ions.6

Now that we know that the hydroxyl radical is extremely reactive (and damaging
to biology), let us continue to make sense of that which has been observed.
Fenton's reaction is self-standing, and it does not need the culture to exist.
Fenton's reaction is a reaction that says if we have the iron ion present (+2) and if
we have hydrogen peroxide available, we will end up with the hydroxyl radical
formed. It does not say anything about the culture and what has been observed,
i.e, an explosion of growth in the presence of Fenton's reaction. What can be said
about the culture is that if Fenton's reaction takes place in the culture, then we
have an explosion of growth that takes place. It is reasonable to surmise, then,
that if the hydroxyl radical is present in the culture, that growth then takes off
explosively. Now the question that comes up is whether or not we are likely to
have the hydroxyl radical in our bodies. The answer is yes, as it is an expected
product of metabolism.7,8

The next question that we must ask is whether or not the bacterial-like organisms
occur commonly within the human species. There are numerous reports that
address the reality of that situation, and it will simply be stated here that the
evidence presents itself in the affirmative. It is reasonable, therefore, to suggest
that the conditions for expanded growth of this organism set are likely to exist on
a larger scale, and that we should realize the serious health issues that are likely
to ensue.

There is, therefore, legitimate concern for certain health conditions that are likely
to be prevalent. In addition, the specific chemical and biological conditions that
underlie this concern may have in part been identified and established. The
analysis of the conditions and the basis for the concern result from direct
biological observation and study over an extended period of time. The basis for
the analysis is an extensive set of culture studies that are a direct result of the
research on the Morgellons condition.

An additional set of observations concerns the use of and presence of oxidizers,
in general, within the culture environment (beyond that of hydrogen peroxide). It
is found, in general, beyond that of Fenton's reaction and the use of hydrogen
peroxide, that oxidizers in general enhance the growth rate and extent of the
cultures. These studies include additional items from the list above, such as
chlorine and chlorine dioxide. Specifically, sodium hypochlorite (conventional
bleach), sodium chlorite (may be sold as "MMS") and calcium hypochlorite (may
be sold as MMSII) all enhance the growth of the culture in the presence of an
added iron solution. This observation raises serious questions, in the eyes of this
researcher, as to whether increased growth of the "organisms" under study may
in fact result from the use of chemicals of an oxidative nature (at least when used
internally). Oxidation and the creation of free radicals with the use of chemical
reagents in this family is an additional complication that is not appealing or
attractive to me at this time. As one example of the concern held by a
manufacturer (in this case, related to air filtration), it is stated that :

"Some new air cleaning devices are using free radicals or Reactive Oxygen Species
(ROS) to "oxidize" indoor air. Free radicals have been shown to be damaging to human
health. Testing is lacking on the by-products of the reactions between free radicals
and the components of indoor air.

[and from the same source:]

Here is a quote from a brochure on another "cure-all for indoor air" product. It is a
cause for concern. "When the HVAC system is in operation the cell creates an Advanced
Oxidation Process consisting of Hydroxyl Radicals, Super Oxides, Hydroperoxides
(Hydrogen Peroxide), UV light and ozonides (ozone)." It goes on to say: "All are friendly
oxidizers. By friendly oxidizers we mean oxidizers that revert back to oxygen and
hydrogen after the oxidation of the pollutant." However, these are not "friendly
oxidizers." They are well known as Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) or free radicals and
are involved in a whole host of health problems from cancer to heart disease." 9

As a further clarification of the relationship between oxidation and free radicals,
consider the following statement:10

"Oxidation is a chemical reaction that transfers electrons from a substance to an
oxidizing agent. Oxidation reactions can produce free radicals, which start chain
reactions that damage cells. Antioxidants terminate these chain reactions by removing
free radical intermediates, and inhibit other oxidation reactions by being oxidized
themselves."

There is more that can be said here, particularly in respect to the health related
issues of free radicals and in particular the hydroxyl radical. I, too, am in a
continual state of learning. There are some individuals that state or claim, at an
anecdotal level, that progress has resulted from the use of such oxidizing
products. One immediate question that arises is whether we are referring to
external or internal application. I will defer any assessment on this position until
the research is at a more advanced state. I must, nevertheless, in the interest of
time progress to the next issue, and that is the proposal that results from the
current study.

                                      PROPOSAL

Please recall the dogmatic qualification at the beginning of this report; no
medical advice, diagnosis or assessment of any kind is being made here. I am
making information available that you may or may not wish to consider in
consultation with the health professional of your choosing.
The question that naturally arises when the growth of a culture is enhanced is
whether or not this growth can be hindered, impeded or stopped. The ultimate
desire is, of course, to kill the organism(s) without damaging the host. It is a
formidable problem in this case. I understand the question and that millions
across the globe may be or will be asking it. It is the natural and easy question to
ask but, unfortunately, the answers may not be any more forthcoming than the
tribulations that have brought us to the current state of knowledge. These
inherent difficulties do not even begin to address the lack of proper resources to
tackle the problem. It has always been my viewpoint that the proper means of
addressing the current situation begins with the simple and factual identification
of the particular "organisms" and environmental pollutants under study. Such an
identification has not taken place and there is no real prospect of this occurring
in a comprehensive and honest fashion in the immediate future. My thoughts on
this subject are expressed rather thoroughly in the recent paper that I have
referenced.11 It is hopeful that the central tenets of that paper can someday be
proven wrong, but in the meantime, effort must be directed toward the more
impending and obvious need for suppression of growth, at least within the
culture environment that has been established. What I shall present here is a
summary of the progress of the work in that direction. The general strategy to be
employed is that the understanding of the conditions that support growth may
well lead us to the eventual repression of that same growth.

We can begin the work on the problem by recalling a couple of the more salient
observations that have been made.

In the culture environment, it has been established that the organism(s) flourish
within an acidic environment. In addition, it has also been stated in earlier reports
that many biochemical reactions only take place within a narrow pH [acid or
alkaline] range12,13,14. Therefore, one of the first strategies to consider is to
change the acidity or alkalinity of the growth environment and see if progress
results. What has been observed in the cultures thus far is that an increase to the
alkaline side does indeed appear to inhibit the growth of the culture. It does NOT
"kill" the "organism(s)", specifically the bacterial-like forms, but it does appear to
put them into a state of dormancy or stasis. At this point, nothing can be stated to
extinguish the organism(s) in their entirety. As has mentioned extensively in prior
reports, the structures have been subjected to extreme chemical and heat
conditions and the potential, if not the capability, to survive remains intact.

Nevertheless, potential dormancy is a preferable alternative to active growth.
There is a great deal of literature in the health fields that extols the virtues and
benefits of a shift to the alkaline side within the human diet and body. There are
many individuals in these fields that emphatically declare that many diseases and
ill conditions are a direct result of the acidic diet and acidic state of current
generations. There are many resources that contrast alkaline diets in opposition
to acidic diets, and it becomes difficult to argue with the merits of the foodstuffs
of an alkaline diet15. There are health professionals that claim that the pH of the
urine is one of the methods16 by which the body can be assessed with respect to
its acidic or alkaline state and that discuss the respective health concerns that
accompany the acidic condition. There are also some individuals that think that
alkalizing the diet is a meaningless and worthless venture. The first part of the
proposal, therefore, is that the effects of alkalizing the growth medium, be it a
culture dish or the human body through a chosen diet, be considered as one
potential mitigating factor to the damages that have been observed. I will leave it
to the reader to pursue this avenue of research in consultation with the health
professionals of their choice. If additional information in the laboratory setting
becomes available that affects the specifics of the current observations, I will
continue to make that information freely available.

Now let us talk further on the subjects of oxidation and free radicals, which
brings us to the second aspect of the current "proposal". The evidence at this
point shows that oxidation, in general, increases the growth within the stated
culture medium. The growth rate is quite dramatic and has been verified by
observation under the microscope at high magnification. The chlamydia-like and
mycoplasma-like forms grow explosively under the oxidative conditions that have
been developed.

The obvious approach to reversing the results of oxidation is to consider the use
of anti-oxidants.

At this time, a specific interest in seeking an anti-oxidant to the hydroxyl radical
has been pursued. The topic of research is therefore, at this stage, that of seeking
a "hydroxyl scavenger", i.e,, a compound or agent that will combine with the free
hydroxyl radical and form something that is inert or less damaging than the
original radical. The work here has been conducted solely with the objective of
reducing the growth rate within the culture medium. However, as in the case of
alkalization of the diet and body, there are many health professionals that will
pronounce the merits of anti-oxidants and their beneficial effects on human
health. There is a plethora of literature and research on the effects of oxidation
and free radicals to human health. This is also a subject that can be discussed
and researched at great length; again I will have to forego this in the interest of
time and progress to the reader.

Three such candidates have been identified in a search of the literature thus far;
this list includes ascorbate, glycerin and "ester salts". 17,18,19 It is anticipated that
many other candidates will be added to the list if this research gains further
momentum. The specific ester salt that has been developed and applied in this
test case is sodium citrate; numerous potential candidates could be developed
from the patent that has been referenced.


Note: Edit of Jun 02, 2011 - Please note this additional candidate and reference to
be included in any future inhibition analysis, i.e., garlic compounds:
"Abstract: The antioxidant properties of garlic compounds: allyl cysteine, alliin,
allicin, and allyl disulfide.

Garlic and garlic extracts, through their antioxidant activities, have been reported
to provide protection against free radical damage in the body. This study
investigated antioxidant properties of garlic compounds representing the four
main chemical classes, alliin, allyl cysteine, allyl disulfide, and allicin, prepared
by chemical synthesis or purification. Alliin scavenged superoxide, while allyl
cysteine and allyl disulfide did not react with superoxide. Allicin suppressed the
formation of superoxide by the xanthine/xanthine oxidase system, probably via a
thiol exchange mechanism. Alliin, allyl cysteine, and allyl disulfide all scavenged
hydroxyl radicals; the rate constants calculated based on deoxyribose
competitive assay were 1.4-1.7 x 10(10), 2.1-2.2 x 10(9), and 0.7-1.5 x 10(10) M (1)
second(1), respectively. Contrary to previous reports, allicin did not exhibit
hydroxyl radical scavenging activity in this study. Alliin, allicin, and allyl cysteine
did not prevent induced microsomal lipid peroxidation, but both alliin and allyl
cysteine were hydroxyl scavengers, and allyl disulfide was a lipid peroxidation
terminator. In summary, our findings indicated that allyl disulfide, alliin, allicin,
and allyl cysteine exhibit different patterns of antioxidant activities as protective
compounds against free radical damage.20"

                        ********************************************

Note: Edit of Jun 12, 2011 - Please note the role of bile in the alkalizing process
and the role of the liver in toxin removal:

    Please also become familiar with the following video presentations (no product
         endorsement or promotion by this site; educational purposes only):

                 Gallstones, Liver, Gallbladder, Kidney Cleanse Part 1
                 Gallstones, Liver, Gallbladder, Kidney Cleanse Part 2
                 Gallstones, Liver, Gallbladder, Kidney Cleanse Part 3



The important question to be answered at this time is whether or not the
application of such "hydroxyl scavengers" can suppress the growth rate within
the culture. In the interest of brevity, I will report the results of the testing
underway in a condensed fashion. This is a classic case where a set of
photograph reveals more than can be written about under the circumstances. If
additional time permits in the future, this discussion can be continued.



          PHOTOGRAPHS - HYDROXYL RADICAL SCAVENGER TRIALS
       A comparison of culture trials with and       A trial culture similar to that described in the
  without antioxidants added. On the right side      photograph set to the left, with the exception
      is a white wine culture medium with the       that more time has elapsed. Several days have
  filament stage (final stage) of the pathogenic     elapsed with the growth of the culture that is
  form introduced. In addition, iron sulfate and       shown here (right side). There is no claim
      hydrogen peroxide has been added. The         whatsoever that no growth of any kind occurs
 growth of the culture (bacterial-like forms) in    in the antioxidant trial (left culture dish); only
the culture on the right side is evident. Elapsed     that the growth of the culture does appear to
  period approximately 24 hrs. On the left side     be inhibited with the addition of these specific
  are the same conditions as those on the right,     antioxidants. Determination of growth of any
      except for the addition of three hydroxyl             kind can only be determined at the
    radical scavengers, as identified through a      microscopic level at sufficient magnification
        literature search. Vitamin C, glycerol        (~10,000x). It should also be stated that this
  (glycerin) and sodium citrate has been added             represents the early stage of growth
     to the culture preparation on the left side.     development (bacterial-like forms only) and
   Sodium citrate is strongly alkaline. No such     that inhibition trials at the filament stage may
 rapid or extension of the bacterial-like growth           represent an entirely different set of
     has occurred in this trial. The antioxidant                        conditions.
 dosages used can be described at a later time,
  although in general repeated doses at regular
       intervals were required, and they were
   substantial relative to the mass of the entire
   culture. Once the growth reaction is in full
 progress, it appears difficult if not impossible
to arrest. For any success in inhibiting growth,
         the antioxidants were required to be
     introduced at the same time that Fenton's
reaction is commenced, i.e., before the growth
                       develops.
                                                           This culture is again the same as on the left
       Another example of unrestrained growth of             side of this set of photographs, with the
      the culture without antioxidants. This culture          exception of the addition of the three
     differs from the above in that it uses a transfer      antioxidants mentioned. Each antioxidant
     from a filament culture that has been subjected      alone appears to have some inhibitory effect,
       to an alkali and heat, as described in earlier         however the combination of all three
         reports. The original source material is        antioxidants appears to be the most successful
       therefore presumed to in a "dormant" stage,        in suppressing growth. Additional extensive
     and is primarily composed of the bacterial-like       research is required to clarify the numerous
         forms as opposed to the filament stage.         variables of chemistry and metabolism that are
                                                                              in effect.




                                        The unrestrained growth of the     Another example of unrestrained
   An example of unrestrained        culture at 10,000x. This high level      growth of the culture, not
  growth at approx 300x. This            magnification is required to     subjected to the three antioxidants.
  magnification is sufficient to     uniquely identify the bacterial-like Magnification approx. 10,000x.
reveal only the gross structure of     forms that are the subject of this
 culture development. There is,        and many previous reports. This
  however, a unique structural        photograph reveals primarily the
aspect that is characteristic of the pleomorphic form (mycoplasma-
 growth than can be established       like) however the chlamydia-like
   with sufficient observation.           form is also evident upon
                                            sufficient observation.
An example of the growth that has         An example of the restrained or Another example of the altered or
  been affected by or apparently        altered growth with the addition of     restrained growth at high
restrained with the presence of the     the hydroxyl radical scavengers at magnification (~10,000x). Also
     three hydroxyl scavengers              high magnification, approx,      appropriately compared with the
 mentioned : Vitamin C, glycerol            10,000x. This photograph is       two photographs immediately
and sodium citrate. Magnification         appropriately compared with the                 above.
  approx. 300x. The antioxidants           one that is immediately above.
  appear to create somewhat of a           Alteration to a precipitate like
 "precipitate" form and to alter or      form reduces the level of detail at
   destroy the general structural       this high magnification. Evidence
  integrity of the majority of the           of extensive growth of the
  bacterial-like colonies. Again,          bacterial-like structures is not
absolutely no claim of termination                readily apparent.
of the bacterial-like forms is stated
 here; it does appear, that growth
   has been suppressed to some
               degree.

     In summary, the discovery aspect of this paper identifies certain biological and
     chemical conditions that appear to be highly favorable to the growth of the
     bacterial-like organism(s) that are found to be in direct association with the so-
     called "Morgellons" condition. These chemical conditions include an acidic
     environment and the existence of the hydroxyl (OH neutral) free radical. When
     these conditions are met and various oxidizers are introduced into the culture,
     the growth is rapid and extensive at the bacterial-like level. The bacterial-like
     stage of growth represents the earlier stage in the development of the
     organism(s), and the culminating stage manifests as the filament form.

     With respect to the proposal aspect of this paper, it is suggested that the state of
     acidity and alkalinity within the culture (or the body) be considered as a potential
     significant factor that is expected to affect the growth rate of the organism(s). It is
     established that growth of the organism(s) is favorable within an acidic
     environment, and there is strong evidence that an alkaline environment is
     suppressive to this growth. It is suggested that the benefits of an alkalizing diet
     and foodstuffs be evaluated with the appropriate health professionals, and that
     the extent of the acid-alkaline influence be thoroughly evaluated. A shift toward a
more alkaline diet is not a trivial affair, and it is at odds with many of the dietary
conventions of our generation.

Secondly, on the proposal aspect, it is suggested that the detrimental influences
of free radicals and oxidation be researched thoroughly by all parties concerned.
There is a particular interest in the hydroxyl free radical that has emerged from
the current studies. It is also suggested that the benefits and effects of
antioxidants be evaluated, both with respect to the particular conditions under
examination here as well as with respect to general health. Again, health
professionals of choice are to be consulted in any decisions that are to be made.

It is of interest that the proposals from this work are in accordance with much of
the general consensus that has emerged with respect to improved health over the
past decades. It is also apparent that the contemporary lifestyles and the
environmental conditions that we find ourselves immersed in are, in many ways,
in strong opposition to these guidelines of health. It is difficult to argue with the
general benefits of a more alkaline diet and with the evidence that has emerged
over decades with respect to free radical damage. It is true, however, that current
habits of many of us are not in general accord with these very same principles
and as a consequence contemporary society is often subject to its detriments.

It is quite obvious that the work before us is immense. As is common, many
questions have emerged with any new findings. It should be apparent by now that
such problems are not going to fix themselves or go away, and the sooner that
we recognize the stakes of health and life that are at play, the sooner that we may
prosper in that same health and good life. Once again, I call for your recognition
of the seriousness of the issues, and for your participation in resolving them.
Thank you.

Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 22, 2010



References:

1. Fenton's Reaction, LennTech Water Treatment Solutions, http://www.lenntech.com/fenton-
reaction.htm
2. Fenton's Reagent, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fenton_reaction
3.Chemistry, The Central Science, Theodore L. Brown, (2006, Pearson - Prentice Hall, 926.
4. Brown, 926.
5. Hydrogen Peroxide, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_peroxide
6. Oxidation, A-Z Chemistry, Andrew Hunt, (2003, McGraw-Hill, 259-260).
7. U.S. Patent 5965615 - Hydroxyl Radical Scavenger, Oct 12, 1999, Ivarrs Kalvinish.
8. Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidant Vitamins, Balz Frie, PhD, Director, Linus Pauling
Institute, Professor of Biochemistry & Biophysics
9. Free Radicals Are NOT "Friendly Oxidizers, Jim Rosenthal, 3/27/2006, Allergy Clean
Environments, http://allergyclean.com/news/5.htm
10. Antioxidants, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antioxidant
11. Morgellons : A New Classification, Clifford E Carnicom, Feb 03, 2010,
http://www.carnicom.com/morgobs8.htm
12. Biochemistry, Philip Kuchel, PhD, (2009, McGraw-Hill, 32).
13. Biochemistry for Dummies, John Moore, EdD, (2008, Wiley Publishing, 29).
14. Brown, Steven; Chemistry 102a Laboratory Manual, Kendall Hunt Publishing Company,
1996., p 125.
15. The Acid-Alkaline Food Guide, Dr. Susan E. Brown, (2006, Square One Publishers).
16. Dr Robert Young on How to Test Your Body Ph Levels ,
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UKP351Lcank
17. Inhibitory Effect of Antioxidants on Hydroxyl Radical Generation from Methylguanidine:
An ESR Study, http://www.springerlink.com/content/xh722u1km160g5v5/
18. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and glycerol, hydroxyl radical scavengers, impair platelet
aggregation within and eliminate the accompanying vasodilation of, injured mouse pial
arterioles, http://stroke.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/13/1/35
19. U.S. Patent 5965615, Kalvinish.
Edit Jun 02, 2011:
20. The antioxidant properties of garlic compounds: allyl cysteine, alliin, allicin, and allyl
disulfide., National Insitutes of Health, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16822206

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                                    Carnicom Institute




                        MORGELLONS : A NEW CLASSIFICATION
                                        Clifford E Carnicom
                                             Feb 03 2010
                                         Edit Feb 11 2010

I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and
analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.

The so-called "Morgellons" condition has thus far defied proper identification as to its root causes
or nature. Although there appear to be many varieties of manifestation, this researcher has from
the beginning attempted to identify and focus on those aspects that exist as common
denominators. Available resources and technology by necessity limit the scope of this
examination, and it is expected that additional discovery will come to light. At the present time,
however, a set of four primary components has been established at the microscopic level as
having , at the very least, some degree of association with the condition. These are (at a
minimum):
1. An encasing filament structure, generally on the order of 12 to 20 microns in thickness, and it is
this form which is visible to the human eye. This encasing filament may contain an internal
network of sub-micron filaments, or some combination of the following items on this list.

2. A chlamydia-like organism (Chlamydia pneumonia is the strongest candidate thus far)
measuring on the order of 0.5 to 0.8 microns.

3. A pleomorphic form (Mycoplasma-like is the strongest candidate thus far).

4. An erythrocytic (red blood cell - likely artificial or modified) form.

It is proposed that one reason that this set of organisms has defied definition is because IT
NEVER HAS existed before, i.e., it is indeed a "new" organism. The question that arises is how do
we go about classifying the overlying form given the underlying complexity and variation of the
INTERNAL constituents? This paper will attempt to provide a rationale that is consistent with the
available information and evidence.

The term "Morgellons" arose out of necessity and convenience; it did not arise from a basic
understanding of the dynamics and metabolism of the organism(s) involved. This is
understandable for many reasons, not the least of which is that no such foundation of knowledge
even existed at the time. This foundation remains far removed, undoubtedly in part because of the
pattern of denial, refusal and misdiagnosis that has plaqued the "formal" involvements or
investigations from the onset. Whether or not the failure to confront the reality of the condition
has been deliberate or not, history shall judge for us regardless of our belated participation.

The name "Morgellons" will probably stick with us now whether we like it or not, and whether is is
accurate or not. The term will almost always be shrouded in controversy and denial to a certain
degree. This is the way of language and of human beings. Again, how much of this mire is
deliberate or a result of confusion and ignorance is also uncertain, but at some point the truth
speaks to us whether we are ready to listen or not.

The point of this paper is to strive for a foundation that is, to the best of my knowledge on the
subject, consistent and accurate with regard to that which is known. My research is not complete
or representative of the whole, it is only that which I can offer under the circumstances. These
circumstances are hampered by the lack of open, fair and honest discourse amongst the public,
professional and governmental communities and by the lack of coordinated and properly funded
research. It is nevertheless, the best overall picture that I can offer at this time.

Now, to the details:

One of the more vexing challenges that faces the characterization of this condition is the diversity
of form and structure within the set of components identified. Also, under certain circumstances,
all four components have been identified as existing within a single integral unit, i.e, all bounded
by the encasing filament structure. In addition, the filament form appears to represent the
culmination of the developmental stages, at least within the culture trials examined thus far.

If we take each of these components separately, the confusion of varying form becomes apparent:

1. First, with regard to the encasing filament, the more obvious interpretation might be that we
could be dealing with a fungal form. Unfortunately we run into numerous difficulties right away,
such as no known match to any fungal form has been established thus far. A breakdown of the
filament has been accomplished by subjecting it to extremes in chemistry and heat, and this is
highly indicative of a protective casing to the internal components. One of the reasons that we
cannot have a match to known fungal forms is because of what is happening INTERNAL to the
encasing filament, which brings us to the second item on the list.

2. The chlamydia-like structure would appear on the surface to be a bacterial form. Chlamydia
(esp. Chlamyida pneumonia) has been suggested as one target candidate because of numerous
parallels in morphology, biological characteristics and symptomology that are in accordance with
my study of that particular organism. But we must also notice that from the beginning, I have
specifically used the term "chlamydia-like" , and not Chlamydia, for two good reasons:

a) No absolute and proper means of identification at the required level has come forth from any
source.

b) Certain characteristics of the organism DO NOT fit the Chlamydia genus, especially with regard
to chemical and thermal stresses that have been placed on the organism during various testing
procedures.

3. The pleomorphic (many forms) form is difficult by its vary nature, as indicated by the name
itself. The mycoplasma candidate, at its origin, is too small to be seen with conventional
microscopy. It is one of the smallest, if not the smallest bacterial form known and has the
distinguishing feature of having no cell wall. It is this very lack of the cell wall that allows for the
pleomorphic form to occur. Therefore it appears that we are dealing with only a subsequent
morphology that develops and is visible, and it is at this level that this candidate identification has
been made. Unfortunately, we also have the same chemical and heat stress issues with this
structure as we do with the the chlamydia-like structure. Thus far, both of these "bacterial-like"
forms have resisted all chemical and heat extremes that they have been subjected to. The fact that
the bacterial-like forms exist WITHIN the encasing filament confronts us with an additional serious
contradiction in conventional taxonomy.

4. And lastly, at least for now, we consider the erythrocytic (red blood cell) form. This
identification truly stretches the limit of common understanding and conventional knowledge.
Erythrocytes are from blood, and blood comes from animals. The appearance of this entity is
completely incongruent with any fungal or bacterial interpretation that we might attempt to make.
Even the appearance of an erythrocyte (artificial or not) outside of the host biology is a leap
outside of conventional knowlege and public discourse. And so, we are forced to ask, how could
this be?

We must now talk about phylogeny, or the structural aspects of life as we know them to be (i.e.,
the Tree of Life).

Science often evolves arduously and gradually, and many times this is for good cause and reason
and to our benefit. At other times, the processes of review and acceptance are stubborn to the
point that they deliberately hamper the progress and renaissance of understanding that is
eventually to usher in. Certainly at times, and usually for that matter, there are power, economic
and institutional frameworks in place that have a vested interest in maintaining the status quo.
The emotional state of society must be prepared and "ready" to accept the knowledge base that
has painstakenly developed over the decades that precede those special moments of insight that
have been gifted to mankind.

One of these transformational states appears to have occurred in 1978. In that year, Carl R. Woese
                                                                                 1
provided a somewhat radical interpretation to our understanding of phylogeny , There were
obviously difficulties that existed with the earlier template that had been established, which was
composed of six "kingdoms", for example, the plant kingdom, the animal kingdom, the fungal
              2
kingdom, etc. . What Woese did was to seek the lowest common denominator within phylogenetic
relationships, and it was the RNA (ribonucleic acid), or the underlying genetics, of the organism
that became the key of understanding. As such, Woese essentially re-wrote the blueprint of the
structure for life as we know it, and elevated (and reduced at the same time) the structural
branches to three DOMAINS instead of six "kingdoms". It would appear (after this period of
roughly 30 years) that the insight of Woese has been generally accepted and rightfully
transformational in our understanding of the "structure" of life. This demonstrates to us that
science is sometimes in need of radical change, and that we should not become too comfortable
as to what we think is true or false.

These Domains are :

1. The Bacteria

2. The Archaea

3. The Eukarya

It is in our interest to understand the basic members and characteristics of each of these groups,
as they represent a simpler, more comprehensive and a more accurate model for the
understanding of life's "structural" features. I encourage each of us to make this effort, at least at
the fundamental level. The three Domains vary in the cell type, cell wall, membrane lipid(fat)
                                                                                                 3
structure, protein synthesis, the transfer RNA molecules and in their sensitivity to antibiotics .
Even the terms prokaryote and eukaroyte(non-nuclei or nuclei) are no longer adequate and they
fail to define the salient features identified by Woese.

What has prompted this paper is the realization that the "Morgellons" condition crosses the lines
between these three Domains.

Here is, at least in part, the reasoning for the rather bold statement that has been made:

The difficulties with the "bacterial like" forms (chlamyida-like and mycoplasma-like) have already
been enumerated. The testing processes thus far have subjected these two components to
boiling, extremely strong alkalis (sodium hydroxide, bleaches) and extremely strong acids (e.g.,
hydrochloric acid). There is also good reason to think that the structures have been subjected, at
a minimum, to extremes of cold (e.g., -50 to -60 deg. C). At this point none of these stresses
imparted to the "structures" have damaged their viability for future growth or reproduction. Under
the harshest of circumstances, it appears as though these structures are still held in biological
stasis or dormancy until more favorable environmental conditions return. One of the dominant
characteristics of the Archaea is their ability to withstand extreme environmental conditions and
stress. It is representative to encounter these forms of life in volcanic vents and deep under the
ice shelf; they are prime candidates in the explorations for extraterrestrial life. Many of the
organisms from the Archaea group do not require oxygen and can thrive under anaerobic
conditions that metabolize carbon dioxide rather than oxygen. Archaea are considered to likely be
one of the oldest forms of life on earth. It is relevant to mention that the Archaea are not sensitive
                4
to antibiotics , and it is of interest to note that the existence of Archean pathogenic forms has
apparently not yet been established.

By the same token there are some aspects of these two structures that are quite in accord with
bacterial expectations, i.e., metabolism within a cell, size, pathogenic impact, symptomology, etc..
It is this variation that forces us to consider a crossover between two of the Domains even at this
early level of discussion, i.e., the Bacteria and the Archaea.

In addition, we must now consider the encasing filament structure. On the surface, this would
appear to bring the Eukarya to the forefront, as the fungi are one element of this group. The
Eukarya includes such examples as fungi, protozoa, slime molds, plants and animals. The
difficulties, as mentioned before, are that no such fungal identification exists to date and that
structures more representative of the OTHER Domains occur INTERNAL to the encasing filament.

And lastly, the existence of an "erthyrocytic" form violates all boundaries from any of the
considerations above. Blood cells emerge in the more complex phyla of life, such as humans, for
example. Blood cells, by any conventional biology, do not grow in test tubes. Admittedly, the
                                                                                                   5
desire to create an artificial blood has been a holy grail of biological research for some time now .
The commercial world teeters on the edge of artificial blood production and we should not be
surprised if clandestine operations have made significant advances in this field. But at this stage,
regardless of the marvels involved, one does not expect Eukarya characteristics to share the
same house with the Bacteria and Archaea Domains.

                         6
The Eukarya are also stated to be insensitive to antibiotics. The fact that two of the three domains
have this insensitivity points out the difficulties that might be expected in treating the condition
with conventional antibiotics.

As such, it appears that we are dealing with an "organism" that transcends the structural
existence that has been defined for life itself. The Morgellons condition appears, by the best
information and analysis to date, to be an orchestrated synthesis that crosses the lines of the
three established Domains of life on this planet. It is very difficult to envision, at this state of
knowledge, that this "organism" (for the sake of discussion) is the result of any "natural" or
"evolutionary" process. This hypothesis, if accepted, forces us to consider the very real prospect
of deliberate and willful indulgence in the arena of genetic engineering. This could certainly
explain, at least in part, the deliberate and willful lack of disclosure and honesty on the issue to
the public. We may also ask what was the motivation for the "ordained" misdiagnosis of
'delusional parasitosis' that was promoted so negligently and that has now failed so prominently?
What is at the heart of the strong coincidence between biological and certain environmental
samples? Disclosure and full honesty will reclaim their rightful positions in the end, regardless of
the machinations of our own species.

The more appropriate "term" for this condition may evolve in like order to that which has been
described for science in general; I will not confuse the issue with additional nomenclature at this
time. What has happened here is that the term "Morgellons" now encompasses a broader context
than that which has been previously understood. I shall always correct my ways if a
straightforward address of the issues reveals that everything after all is amazingly simple, and
that we can get on with our ordinary business of taking yet another pill to alleviate the symptoms.
The evidence and history thus far does not project such an innocent and gleeful outcome, and in
the meantime we must prepare ourselves for the heinousness that has been unleashed, by
whatever means, upon us.

Clifford E Carnicom
(p.s., sorry, no pictures this time...)




Additional Note Feb 11 2010:

For those that consider the extent of this article to be implausible, please refer to the public
disclosure on February 05, 2010 of the project by the Defense Advanced Research Projects
Agency (DARPA) to develop immortal "synthetic organisms", as outlined in the unclassified
                            7                        8
version of the 2011 budget. From a recent article on the budget that has been published, it
declares that,
 "As part of its budget for the next year, Darpa is investing $6 million into a project called
 BioDesign, with the goal of eliminating “the randomness of natural evolutionary advancement."

It may be of interest to compare this phrase with that which has been declared within this report:

"It is very difficult to envision, at this state of knowledge, that this "organism" (for the sake of
discussion) is the result of any "natural" or "evolutionary" process."

There are many that believe that the accomplishments from classified projects and budgets
precede the disclosure of similar goal-oriented unclassified projects by a factor of many years to
decades. My appreciation is extended to the individual that brought this disclosure to my
attention.

Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 11, 2010.




References:

1. Tortora, Gerard; Microbiology, An Introduction, 2001, Benjamin Cummings-Addison Wesley,
277-287.
2. Towle, Albert; Modern Biology, 1999 by Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 350.
3. Tortora, 277.
4. Tortora, 279
5. Towle, 39.
6. Tortora 279.
7.Pentagon Looks to Breed Immortal ‘Synthetic Organisms,’ Molecular Kill-Switch Included,
Wired, Feb 05, 2010.
8. Department of Defense Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 President's Budget, Defense Advanced Projects
Research Agency

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                                          ANIMAL BLOOD
                                          Clifford E Carnicom
                                               Jan 27 2010




I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and
analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.
                 Samples of blood from two canines have been made available to me for examination. The age of
                 one of the dogs is 11 years and the age of the other dog is unknown.

                 Both animals show the existence of the chlamydia-like organism within the blood and the serum
                 in a fashion identical to that which has been repeatedly found in human blood samples. This
                 particular organism is under extensive study and it is a dominant component of the biological
                 research that is underway. This organism, along with three other forms (pleomorphic, encasing
                 filament, erythrocytic) repeatedly described are central aspects of the so-called "Morgellons"
                 condition.

                 This research reveals that the consideration of biological symptoms, structures and
                 characteristics of the Morgellons condition must now be extended to include other life forms
                 beyond that of the human.

                 At a minimum, this consideration now extends to the mammalian segment of the animal kingdom.
                 There is additional research (external DNA examination and culture analyses) underway which
                 suggests that this discovery may extend further to include the plant kingdom or the food supply;
                 further examinations are required to clarify the initial findings.

                                                                             PHOTOGRAPHS:




 An example of canine blood subjected to examination at high power under the            Additional instances of the chlamydia-like organism external to and attached to the
microscope. The existence of the chlamydia-like organism that has been reported        exterior of the canine erythrocyte wall are visible. Please see A Mechanism of Blood
on extensifvely over several years on this site is evident. Several instances of the    Damage and Live Analysis for futher information on human studies. This particular
  organism attached to the exterior of the erythrocyte wall are visible. Approx.            organism is a central focus by this researcher on the Morgellons condtions
                            magnification is 10,000x..                                                           Approx. magnification is 10,000x..
                                                                                 A sample of the blood of the 11 year old canine subjected to high magnifcation.
Additional instances of the chlamyida-like organism external to the canine
                                                                                Additional damage to the integrity of the erythoyctes of the 11 year old dog exists in
      erythrocyte wall are visible. Approx. magnification is 10,000x..
                                                                                        comparison to the other sample. Approx. magnification is 10,000x.


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                                                               MORGELLONS :
                                                         AN ENVIRONMENTAL SOURCE
                                                                      Clifford E Carnicom
                                                                           Dec 14 2009

             I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
             acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and
             analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.

             An environmental source, at least in part, for specific biological organisms that are under scrutiny
             in association with the so-called "Morgellons" condition, has been identified. This source is the
             unusual airborne filament sample that was sent in June of 2000 to the Administrator of the United
             States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for identification on behalf of the public welfare.
             The United States EPA refused to acknowledge the existence of the sample for a period of one
             and one-half years, and subsequently returned the sample without identification after a Freedom
             of Information Act request for accounting was submitted by a third party.

             Upon return in 2001, the EPA stated that it was not the policy of the Agency to "test, or otherwise
             analyze any unsolicited samples of material or matter."

             The mission of the United States Environmental Protection Agency is to "protect human health
                                   1
             and the environment."

             This particular and same sample that was sent to the EPA has been successfully cultured and
             reproduced, and the culture growth exhibits the identical biological organisms, structure and
             chemistry of certain biological filaments that are under extensive study in association with the
             Morgellons condition. The sample has been held in custody for more than ten years to await
             opportunities for proper identification. This particular form of material has been observed,
             gathered, reported and documented on numerous occasions by independent citizens during the
             last decade. The filament samples have been considered by many to be a potential health hazard
             due to the sustained lack of proper identification and the airborne nature. Previous documentation
             of the events surrounding the original requests for identification are available through this site.

             An incomplete (or false) report by a private laboratory, at cost, was received shortly after the EPA
             refusal of identification. A meeting held to confront and dispute the findings of the private
             laboratory was abruptly canceled while in process when evidence was presented that
             contradicted the report using numerous independent methods of observation and analyses. No
             further progress in formal analytical or biological identification has been made since that time.
The method of culturing is identical to that which has been developed for certain dental filament
samples, and it involves the application of an alkali in solution to the filaments, heat, and
subsequently an introduction into a wine medium for growth. The culture has taken approximately
four to six weeks to develop. This method has been briefly described on numerous occasions
with respect to the dental sample analyses, and it will not be repeated here.

The specific cultured structures that have been identified are the chlamydia-like organism, the
mycoplasma-like organism (pleomorphic), and the encasing filament structure. The erthyrocytic
form within the EPA culture has not been identified at this time. The recent set represents three
out of four primary forms that continue to be under examination from a multitude of analyses
viewpoints. Erythrocytic forms were identified by an independent medical professional in the
original sample that was submitted to the EPA, and that has been reported on in detail within this
site during the early part of this decade.

                                                          PHOTOGRAPHS:




    An example of more mature development within the culture
                                                                      A digital close-up of the chlamydia-like organisms (red arrows) that
medium. Comprised of an encasing filament and internal structures
                                                                      have developed in solution from the cultured EPA filament sample.
 of both chlamydia-like (red arrows) and the pleomorphic (ribbon-
                                                                                         Magnification approx 30,000x.
            like) forms. Magnification approx. 10,000x.




                                                                        An example of the encasing filament structure with little internal
What appears to be an example of the pleomorphic structure (red       detail at this particular location. The general process of culturing is
arrows) that is under examination in addition to the chlamydia-like   to subject the EPA filament to an alkali solution (sodium hydroxide)
organism. These two forms appear first in growth at the bottom of        and then heat the solution to the boiling point. Temperature is
  the petri dish. They slowly coalesce into linear formations that      maintained at this level just beneath boiling for several minutes.
eventually form as separating filaments in solution. Magnification     The resulting solution and remaining filaments are placed into the
                          approx. 10,000x.                              wine medium for examination within a petri dish. The process of
                                                                       culturing here has taken approximately 6 to 8 weeks to reach the
                                                                                     stages shown. Magnification approx. 10,000x.




A photograph of an emerging filament and surrounding early growth
   within the wine culture medium. This culture process has taken
  approximately 4-6 weeks to reach this stage of development. The           To be continuedThe photographs within this are taken while the
chlamydia-like and pleomorphic structures develop at the bottom of          filaments remain in solution. An emerging filament structure and
    the petri dish and slowly continue to develop until they reach a         surrounding earlier growth stages. Magnification approx. 300x.
filamentous form which eventually separates from the bottom of the
                  petri dish. Magnification approx 300x.




  The original EPA fibrous sample material, as sent to the EPA in
2000. What might be viewed as a single filament in this photograph
at low magnification is actually comprised of hundreds to thousands        A larger segment of the original EPA filament sample as sent to the
of sub-micron fibers. Please refer to early reports on this site for the            EPA in the year 2000. Magnification approx. 300x.
original studies on the EPA filament samples. Magnification approx.
                                 300x.




Reference:

1. EPA Mission Statement, http://www.epa.gov/epahome/aboutepa.htm#mission

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                           MORGELLONS : A STATUS REPORT
                                        Clifford E Carnicom
                                             Oct 08 2009

I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am
acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and
analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.

                                  SUMMARY STATEMENT:

A partial summary of the research accumulated through this site on the so-called "Morgellons"
issue is as follows:

1. The internal filament repeatedly described, as in the dental extraction samples, appears to be a
primary pathogenic form. These internal biological filaments have been identified, to a varying
degree, in essentially all individuals that have participated in the testing process thus far. The
blood of participating individuals also displays, to a high correspondence, anomalies in structural
integrity. A sub-micron spherical structure, to be assessed in further detail at a later point, also
commonly occurs within the erythrocytes.

2. The morphology, size, structure and chemistry of these internal filaments appears to be highly
similar to that of certain environmental filament samples, notably that which has been refused by
the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for identification. In addition, numerous research
papers over the last ten years document the repeated detection of unusual biological components
within a series of environmental samples, including that of erythrocytic (red blood cell) forms.

3. Numerous cultures have been developed from the internal filaments on agar and in wine based
mediums. These cultures are essentially identical in form and chemistry with that of the original
internal biological filament samples.

4. The cultures produced from the internal biological filaments (dental samples) have been shown
to produce an erythocytic form. These cultures have produced a positive result for the existence
of hemoglobin by two separate forensic level tests. The determination of the erythrocytic form is
also repeatedly evidenced by direct observation, measurement and biconcave morphology.

5. The production of erythrocytic forms within direct biological filament samples and by culture is
completely outside the known boundaries of conventional science and biology. It is repeatedly
evident that these same erythrocytic forms can withstand (and even flourish in) extremely adverse
environmental, chemical and thermal conditions. The evidence thus far indicates the original
erythrocytic form is dessicated or spore-like and a reconstitution process is required to bring the
cellular structures to full form and activity.

6. A method has been developed to break down the outer casing of the internal biological dental
filaments. The internal components of these filamaments have been examined in detail upon
repeated occasions. Two main structures emerge: an erythrocytic form and a sub-micron
spherical form. The best current assessment of the sub-micron spherical form is that of being
Chlamydia-like, with a special interest in Chlamydia Pneuomonia. Mycoplasma forms are also
strong candidates of consideration as a "tertiary form" that is also frequently observed. Please
also refer to the the paper entitled Pathogens and the General Population, April 2008, for the
introduction of the Chlamydia-like structure as a primary topic of interest; the rationale of
identification for this candidate remains. In addition, recent size measurements and the response
of the Chlamydia-like structure to Giemsa stain further solidifies that rationale.
7. There is a strong consideration that the internal structures from the internal biological filaments
are of a synthetic or artificial nature. This assessment is based upon an observed unifomity in
geometry as well as the hostile chemical environment under which reconstitution takes place.

8. The internal biological filaments and the cultured form of the filaments have been subjected to
the same chemical and thermal breakdown process. The same two internal sturctures are evident
and observed in each case, that of an erthyocytic form and a Chlamydia-like form.

9. The existence of the internal biological filaments, the existence of introduced or modified
erthrocytic forms, the Chlamydia-like strructure and the tertiary form are interpreted by this
researcher to be critical and central aspects of the " Morgellons" condition. It is accepted that
numerous symptom manifestations are reported in association with the condition; this report
simply enumerates that which exists as a common denominator within all studies conducted thus
far.

10. The source of the erythrocytic form and the Chlamydia-like organism is the filament under
study, either in the direct biological internal form or identically from the cultured source. This
assessment is reached through direct observation.

11. Success has been achieved in developing a solution based culture that originates from the
decomposition (chemical and thermal) of the cultured filaments. A complete cycle of growth has
been obtained. An aqueous or solution based culture development has numerous advantages in
the development and application of experimental procedures. This culture work is based upon the
following sequence:

       1. Original filament form (biological or cultured).
       2. Decomposition of the filament through chemical and thermal processes.
       3. A single drop of the resulting solution is sufficient to reproduce the entire cycle.
       4. The decomposed filament solution is cultured in a wine medium.
       5. Two structures appear simultaneously over a period of several days within the solution when observed u
       the micrsocope: The Chlamydia-like form and the pleomorophic form (Mycloplasma candidate). Visually thi
       material has an appearance similar to that of the original dental filament extractions, but not as fully develo
       6. Lastly, the original filament form (white in color) appears on the surface of the solution, completing the fu
       cycle of development and growth.

12. The recent solution-based culture work infers that four varying components comprise the
basic pathogenic form:

       1. The encasing filament which appears to serve the purpose of housing, transport and delivery of the inter
       components.
       2. An ethryrocytic form (primarily internal to the filament)
       3. A Chlamydia-like structure ( primarily internal to the filament).
       4. An apparent pleomorphic form (primarily internal to the filament). One candidate of identification is a
       Mycoplasma variant.
       5. All items listed require positive analytic, chemical and biological testing and identification; candidate
       mention is dependent upon resources available at this time. The ability of the structures to withstand hostil
       and adverse chemical and environmental conditions strongly indicates modification to originating organism
       structures.

13. It can be shown by direct observation that the cultured filaments, after decomposition through
chemical and thermal processes, appear to be the source of the blood anomalies first reported on
by this researcher in November and December 2007. It is anticipated that the direct biological form
of the filaments is likely to produce an identical result, as the cultured forms derive from the direct
biological forms. Please also refer to the papers entitled Blood Testing and Morgellons : Airborne,
Skin and Blood - A Match for a partial background preparation on this subject. Three structures
are observed in the process : erythrocytic, Chamydia-like, and a "pleomorphic" (many form)
ribbon or sausage-like form as shown in these original papers. A mycoplasma form is a viable
candiate for the "pleomorphic" (tertiary) form.

14. Some of the primary functions of the blood include:
       Transports:
  1.

          Dissolved gases (e.g. oxygen, carbon dioxide);

          Waste products of metabolism (e.g. water, urea);

          Hormones;

          Enzymes;

          Nutrients (such as glucose, amino acids, micro-nutrients (vitamins & minerals), fatty acids,
          glycerol);

          Plasma proteins (associated with defence, such as blood-clotting and anti-bodies);

          Blood cells (incl. white blood cells 'leucocytes', and red blood cells 'erythrocytes').


       Maintains Body Temperature
  2.


       Controls pH
  3.   The pH of blood must remain in the range 6.8 to 7.4, otherwise it begins to damage cells.


       Removes toxins from the body
  4.   The kidneys filter all of the blood in the body (approx. 8 pints), 36 times every 24 hours. Toxins
       removed from the blood by the kidneys leave the body in the urine.
       (Toxins also leave the body in the form of sweat.)


       Regulation of Body Fluid Electrolytes
  5.   Excess salt is removed from the body in urine, which may contain around 10g salt per day
       (such as in the cases of people on western diets containing more salt than the body requires).

                              Source: Structures and Functions of the Blood
                                               Ivy Holistic
             http://www.ivy-rose.co.uk/HumanBody/Blood/Blood_StructureandFunctions.php

15. There are now strong parallels of interest (specifically Chlamyida Pneumonia and
Mycoplasma) that have emerged between the current work and that of prominent research on the
so-called "Gulf War Syndrome". Additional parallels of interest occur with such conditions as
Lyme Disease, fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatique Syndrome.

16. The structure, chemistry and internal composition of the biological based filaments appears at
this stage to be essentially identical to that of the cultured filaments. This offers the distinct
advantage that numerous research projects can now be pursued within a controlled laboratory
environment, including that of growth inhibition.
17. It is understood that there are likely many numerous variations of development, form and
manifestation with respect to the " Morgellons" condition. This researcher has focused on, and
continues to focus on, those elements that appear to exist as a common denominator in most (or
all) subjects, regardless of any external symptoms that may or may not be present. It remains the
assessment of this researcher that the blood (and the alteration of it) and the existence of certain
filament forms (INTERNAL to the body) are central to the condition. The existence of skin
anomalies does not appear to be, in any way, a suitable criteria for establishing or denying the
existence of the condition. Thus far, essentially any individual that has been studied displays, to a
varying degree, the common denominators of blood anomalies and filament existence that are a
basis of this report. Exceptions to this last statement in some fashion are presumed to exist
(although not identified thus far) and they are an obvious desirable pursuit in the research.

18. Future immediate needs include a full protein and genetic analysis of the filament forms,
cultures and components that have been repeatedly identified. Additional resources will be
required to accomplish this.

19. Growth inhibition studies, especially upon the culture forms that have been developed, also
exist as an immediate requirement. Preliminary studies with prospect are in progress. Additional
resources can accelerate this process.

20. The available information indicates that the human condition is likely to have been affected en
masse.

                                                          PHOTOGRAPHS:




  Original previously analyzed dental sample material in wine base.     Representative dental sample material, previously analyzed, placed
  Essentially all individuals tested thus far produce varying degrees    onto a glass slide. This particular sample uses a wine-hydrogen
                     of this dental filament material.                                          peroxide base mix.
 The culture of the dental filaments at the early stage. Characterised by a pure white color. Micrsocopic and time lapse imagery of this
 development are available in more detail in the papers entitled Culture Breakthrough (?), (Jul 2008), Culture Work is Confirmed (Aug
                                          2008) and Morgellons : Growth Captured (Aug 2008).




This is the culture material used in this test. This culture has been
                                                                        A close-up of the culture development to the left. This is typical of a
 developed from extracted dental samples that have been placed
                                                                         culture in the mid to mature development stage. Folding with the
   within a red wine culture medium. The approximate time of
                                                                           developed culture is common during maturation. Growth and
   development is approximately two weeks. The first stage of
                                                                            folding up to approximately 3/4" to 1" has. been. observed,
 development is characterized by a pure white filament as shown
                                                                          apparenly only restrained by the lid of the culture dish and the
 above; subsequent stages will transform to a greenish color and
                                                                                              available growth medium.
                  ultimately to a deep black color.
   Decomposition of the fillaments, either biological or cultured, involves the use of an alkali
solution and heat. Currently, the filaments are placed within approxmately 1-2 ml. of distilled
         water with a drop of concentrated sodium and potassium hydroxide added. The
concentration of the base can be determined at a later point; it does not appear to be critical
 at this stage. Initial decomposition takes place along with a transformation of the solution to
a blackish color. The addition of heat, to the boiling point, appears to be an additional critical
factor in the decomposition process. The addition of the strong alkali and the additional heat
  will turn the final solution to a deep red color (visually similiar to that of blood in solution). If
 the solution is made in a concentrated form, i.e., limited water, the subsequent examination
                       of components under the microscope will be faciliated.




  An erythrocytic form that appears from within a cultured filament after decomposition by
                                              chemical and thermal processes.. Varying degrees of reconstitution occur.. Reconstitution is
                                                 not complete in all cases, and thus varying final diameters will occur. The source form
                                               appears to be on the order of four microns in diameter; the average of a final reconstitued
                                                  erythrocytic form is on the order of 6-8 microns. This is also the diameter of a human
                                              erythrocyte. Biconcavity is a distingquishing visible characteristic. The fact that reconsitution
                                                  of biological structures occurs within a hostile chemical and thermal environment is a
                                                                          primary topic of interest in the research.
                                                                               Magnification approx. 8000x.




                         Direct evidence of decomposition of a cultured filament when
                      subjected to alkali and heat. On numerous occasions, a breakdown           Additional direct evidence that the erythrocytic form are contained
                       in the bounding structure of the filament has been observed. The         within the fllament forms. Another example of the breakdown of the
                      black arrow points to the boundary of the filament, which measures        filament boundary when subject to an alkali and heated solution. A
                        on the order of 15 microns in width. The blue circle encloses an            series of erythroytic forms, prior to reconstitution, are visble
                        erythroytic form in an early stage of reconstitution. Magnification          emanating from the filament. Magnification approx. 8000x.
                                                 approx. 8000x.




An internal component of a decomposed (alkali and heat)          An internal component of a decomposed (alkali and heat)
                                                                                                                                  Internal component of a decomposed (alkali and heat)
 cultured filament. A reconstituted erythrocytic form with      cultured filament. Another example of the intracellular sub-
                                                                                                                                  cultured filament. Several examples of the sub-micron
  the intracellular sub-micron spherical structure visible    micron structure within an reconstituted erythrocytic form (blue
                                                                                                                                     structure (black arrows) occuring within apartially
   (black arrow). Chlamydia-like, especially Chlamydia          circle). This phenomenon occurs frequently in observation,
                                                                                                                               reconstituted erythrocytic form. In human examples studied
    Pneumonia, organisms are primary candidates of            and is identical to that observed in the anomolus human blood
                                                                                                                                    thus far, the damage to the integrity of erythrocytes
consideration in the future identification of this structure.  observations reported on this site. The structure on the right
                                                                                                                                appears to occur in direct proportion to the prevalence of
Speciallized modifications to any original biological form,       edge appears to be an erythrocytic source form prior to
                                                                                                                                the Chlamydia-like structure shown above. Magnification
   should it be identified, are anticipated. Magnification                              reconstitution.
                                                                                                                                                       approx. 8000x.
                       approx. 8000x.                                           Magnification approx. 8000x.
The Chlamydia-like structure isolated and in detail. Numerous criteria
(e.g, intracellular, size, Gram-Stain, symptomology, etc) suggest the
  Chlamydia-like organisms as a primary candidate for identification.
Positive tests and additional resources will be required for completion
 of this stage of the research. In addition, this photograph shows the       A CONTROL photograph of human erythrocytes for comparison of
  structures subjected to a Giemsa staining process (methylene blue            size, geometry and biconcavity. A modified conventional analog
   and eosin). Chlamydia structures are expected to accept the blue          micrroscope is used in this research; these modifications include the
 stain under this test. This additional test is positive in this case, and     substitution of a digital camera chipfortheeyepiece (CCD) and a
further solidifies Chlamydia-like organisms as candidates for positive          barlow lens to increase the magnification levels. Magnification
 identification. The best size assessment thus far for this structure is                                  approx. 8000x.
    on the order of 0.7-0.8 microns; also within the primary range of
      consideration for Chlamydia-like(esp.ChlamyidaPneumonia)
                               organisms.
                       Magnification approx. 8000x.




 Additional examples of clusters of the Chlamydia-like structures that
have been subjected to a Giemsa stain process. This stain process is
 damaging to the reconstituted erythrocytic forms, but it is helpful to
accentuate the observation of the sub-microns structures as shown in          An additional example of the Chlamydia-like structures that have
  this photograph. Human blood observations have shown identical                         been subjected to a Giemsa stain process.
 forms under numerous occasions, and the severity of the so-called                             Magnification approx. 8000x.
 Morgellons condition appears to occur in proportion to the presence
                          of this organism..
                    Magnification approx. 8000x.
                                                                               A filament culture in a wine medium, well developed, in the mid-level
  This photograph is unique and important in the fact that it represents
                                                                               stages of development. The filaments will progress though a stage of
   the first successful complete cycle of the filament culture process.
                                                                                pure white, green and subsequent black color, usually over a period
                                                                                                        of a couple of weeks.
                 The sequence of culturing is as follows:


1. Biological dental filament sample is extracted.
2. The biological filament sample is subjected to the alkali and heat
process.
3. A single drop of the resulting decomposed filament in solution is
placed into a wine medium culture.
4. The resulting culture now develops through the following sequence:
     a) Chlamydia-like organism develops first at the bottom of
     the solution over a period of a a few days.. This appears as
     the darkened, more diffuse form shown in this petri dish.
     b) The pleomorphic, or tertiary form (ribbon-like) appears
     gradually over the next few days as well, also at the bottom
     of the wine medium. One candidate for identification of this
     form is mycoplasma.
     c) The final stage is the development of the filament form on
     the top of the wine medium as is visible on this photograph.
     The initial development of the filament will be pure white; it
     will eventually transform through green and black stages at
     maturity.


 It can be concluded that a single drop of the
 cultured solution (decomposed filament) is sufficient
 to reproduce the entire growth cycle of this
 pathogenic form.                                                                   An example of the pleomorphic, or tertiary form (ribbon-like)
                                                                                  accompanied with a Chlamydia-like structure in the right central
                                                                                   portion of the photograph. These forms develop in the culture
 The ring like distrubance in the central fluid portion of the petri dish is   sequence as described previously. These are the two most common
 due to a copper sulphate inhibition study that is in progress. .              forms also identified in the numerous anomalous blood observations
                                                                               that have been reported on extensively within this site. Magnifcation
                                                                                                           approx. 10,000x.
                           An example of what appears to be a developing filament form
                              within the latter stage of the culture sequence described
                        immediately above. Examples of the Chlamydia-like structures are
                            visible to the left (black arrows) and the pleomorphic, tertiary
                        (ribbon-like) form (black arrow) is visible on the right. In addition, a
                           coelescing and enveloping structure is visible that contains the
                         identified components ; it possesses full similarity to the filament
                                                forms studied extensively.
                                              Magnification approx. 8000x.




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                                        Carnicom Institute




                          ARTIFICIAL BLOOD (?)
                                          Clifford E Carnicom
                                               Aug 27 2009

I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information.
I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended
observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.

Strong evidence now exists that an artificial or modified blood form is a dominant internal
component, if not the dominant component, of dental filament samples that are commonly
associated with the Morgellons condition.

A method has been developed that breaks down the external casing of the fibers. A
reconstitution process then takes place. The constituents in the resulting solution have been
repeatedly examined under the microscope at high power. The method has been replicated
numerous times, and on each occasion the same identifiable structures result. The
structures indicate that they are a form of erythrocyte, or red blood cell.

It has been repeatedly proposed by this researcher that the condition of the blood appears
to be a common denominator of the Morgellons condition; this latest research further
substantiates that position. Essentially all individuals tested thus far demonstrate these
same blood variations to some degree, regardless of whether certain skin anomalies are
present or not.

It has previously been established that cultures developed from the dental samples are also
producing erythrocytes, or red blood cells within the culture. This work has been
confirmed with two separate forensic level tests. The latest finding of an erythrocytic form
directly within original dental filament samples further substantiates this unique aspect of
the Morgelllons condition.

The biology of both the culture samples and the erythrocytic forms directly within the
filaments is clearly outside the conventional framework of scientific knowledge, and it
demonstrates advanced technologies that are beyond public purview and consent. These
technologies likely include artificial or modified biological developments, advanced stem
cell developments and genetic transfer or programming.

The supposition that the eythrocytic forms are likely artificial, or at least manipulated in
some fashion, is based upon the following observations:

1. The cells are essentially perfectly formed, with no visible variation in form or geometry.

2. Reconstitution of the erythrocytes takes place in an extremely hostile environment with
respect to chemicals and heat.

3. An additional sub-micron structure often accompanies, or is within the erythrocytic
form. These structures are identical by view and size to numerous anomalous human blood
samples that have been reported on in conjunction with the Morgellons research through
this site.

4. The size of the erythrocytic form within the dental filament varies more than within the
human species, and this appears to be a response to the reconstitutive chemical
environment. This chemical medium is hostile and adverse to normal biological
development, but reconstitution appears to thrive in this same environment.

A series of photographs with captions below describe the essential details of the process and
the results that follow:
               Original representative dental sample material in wine base. Essentially all
               individuals tested thus far produce varying degrees of this dental filament
                          material. This is the type of material used in this test.




   Original representative dental sample material         Original representative dental sample material
 (extracted using a wine-peroxide base) and placed        placed onto a glass slide and dried. This dried
 onto a glass slide. The sample in this procedure has   sample is presented for comparison purposes only
been extracted using only a wine base (no peroxide).                and is not used in this test.
The dental filaments (from wine extraction method only - no peroxide is used for this procedure).
are placed into approximately 2-3 ml. of water with one drop of a highly caustic solution (sodium
   hydroxide and potassium hydroxide mixture) added. Thus, a highly alkaline solution is at the
 core of the procedure. The exact concentration level of this solution can be determined at a later
 time; it does not appear to be required to be highly specific at this point. When the filaments are
    within the alkaline solution, an intial partial breakdown of the filaments will occur and the
solution will turn darker (blackish tone) in color. The filaments do not break down in total at this
           point. The solution is then heated gradually and cautiously to the boiling point.
             In addition to the highly alkaline environment created for the filament sample, the solution is
               heated gradually to the boiling point as described above. This heating process appears to a
           critical addition to the procedure and a significant change of color will then occur. The solution
          will turn to a dark red color. The reddish tint that develops can be seen at the upper portion of the
            photographed solution above. The color of the solution at this point does indeed appear blood
          red, and visually does match that of blood in solution. It is possible that a hemoglobin or protein
             transformation is incited at this point, and the additional heat in combination with the caustic
          solution produces this final result. Specific tests for hemoglobin are inconclusive at this stage of
            the research, and a full protein analysis (not restricted to hemoglobin) is required at this point.
                This combination of heat and strong alkali solution would normally be considered to be
          detrimental to most biological processes. It appears that microscopic examination of the solution
                     is facilitated by placing a high concentration of filaments within the solution.




If a drop of the concentrated solution is placed upon a glass slide with a cover slip and placed under the microscope at
  sufficient power, numerous erythrocytic forms such as that above have been found in all cases considered. Detailed
   microscopic examination does indeed satisfy all visual and metric expectations of an erthrocye, or red blood cell,
 including biconcavity. Examination occurs over approximately a half hour interval after creating the slide. Prolonged
         exposure(i.e., 1day +) to this chemical environment appears to destroy all recognizable cellular forms.

Please also refer to the previous report entitled "Blood Issues Intensify" of April 2009 that demonstrates the existence
of blood and hemoglobin at the forensic level from cultures developed from this same dental material. Detailed protein
 analysis is a future requirement; such analysis cannot take place without an increased level of support and resources.

 Improved microscopy methods and equipment have been developed to permit viewing of the structures at this level;
  the magnification of this image is approximately 8000x and the structure measures approximately 6-8 microns in
     diameter. Conventional microscopy will peak at approximately 1000-2000x. The availability of an electron
                               microscope would be expected to provide greater detail.

 There are several interesting observations that can be made of these particular erythrocytic forms, however. The first
of these, as itemized above, is the extreme geometric regularity of the forms of the cells. They appear to be essentially
     of regular and flawless geometric form; no human blood samples examined thus far demonstrate this level of
uniformity. It is this observation which asks us to consider the existence of an artificial blood form here, or at the very
                         least the consideration of a manipulated or altered cell of some fashion.

    A second observation is that more variation of size (not form, however) will occur than within human samples
    observed. This appears to be a result of the chemical environment that allows this reconstitution process to take place.
      The cells will change in size during observation on the microscope stage, and some of them will reach abnormally
      large diameters estimated up to approximately 20-25 microns. In addition, some of the cells will reconstitute to a
     smaller diameter than a human cell, down to a level of approximately 4 microns in diameter. The average size of the
           cells appears to concide closely with that of the human species, on the order of 6-8 microns in diameter.

        It does appear to be a remarkable event of discovery that this particular combination of chemical and thermal
      environments causes this apparent reconstitution to take place; such conditions would not be anticipated for most
    normal biological processes. This is another factor in the consideration of an artificial or altered biological form. It is
      relevant to note that previous research efforts that first uncovered dessicated erythrocytic forms also included the
     boiling of the solution within someof the procedures. It was at that earlier time that an understanding of hostile and
                 adverse environmental effects upon the unique erythrocytic structures identified was reached.




  An equally important and additional observation must be considered. If the research of this site is reviewed over the past
   several years, it will be seen that special attention has been drawn to the existence of a sub-micron spherical structure
                              commonly being observed within numerous human blood samples.

For instance, please refer to the paper entitled "Morgellons: 5th, 6th & 7th Match", January 2008 with special attention to the
     Gram stained blood cell samples as is repeated on the right side of the two images above. Further information on this
 particular structure has been limited by the technology available to this researcher. Further progress on this matter has long
required additional resources, such as electron microscopy. This researcher has maintained a strong and particular interest in
  this specific structure since it was first reported. No subsequent progress on identification of this structure has been made,
beyond the initial proposal that Chlamydia-like forms should be considered. This structure must be identified; further support
                                         and resources are required to accomplish this task.

 It is now of tremendous interest and of high importance that similar, if not identical structures, are being observed within the
 current reconstituted samples which are the subject of this report. The arrow on the left photograph shows such a sub-micron
stucture that has now identified within a dental sample that has been chemically broken down. These structures are commonly
     associated with the erythrocytic forms that have been discovered, both internal and external to the cells. The particular
                   example shown also appears to be an intracellular form, as in the paper referenced above.

  This finding is highly suggestive that this alteration of the erythrocytic form is deliberate, and that it can produce a similar
  result within the general bloodstream of the human body. Again, the geometric regularity is also indicative of an artificial
     process that has been developed to produce this result. It also strongly indicates the likelihood of genetic transfer or
                                                manipulation in the process chain.
                Additional examples of intracellular structures within the erythrocytic forms
                              reconstituted from within the filament samples.




                  Another of many examples of geometrically smooth erythrocytic forms
               reconstitued from within the dental filament sample. The sub-micron structure
                      is this example is external to the cell, as indicated by the arrow.

This paper presents the results of further extraordinary biological observations and events
that are in association with the so called "Morgellons" condition. The sample set of this
report is relatively small and it must be extended. There is a remarkable consistency in the
detailed observations and reports that have been made over a period of several years. This
paper reaffirms the position of this researcher that blood conditions and or alterations
appear to be at the crux of this situation. It is quite clear what type of work must be done to
address the gravity of this situation, but additional resources must become available for
this to take place. The current work now introduces the very real prospect or consideration
that an artificial, or deliberately modified, process of the blood may have been introduced
into the human condition. Elevated levels of research, aggressive involvement and
appropriate resources must be dedicated and allocated to initiate progress on the many
serious issues that have been disclosed.

Clifford E Carnicom
Aug 27 2009

Note : This paper remains subject to additional edits.

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                      MORGELLONS STATEMENT
                                    Clifford E Carnicom
                                        May 09 2009

The term "Morgellons" refers to a condition that was originally perceived to manifest
primarily as an anomalous skin condition. The visible symptoms commonly include skin
lesions that resist healing and the presence of unusual filaments that emanate from sores
and the skin in general. Many individuals that demonstrate visible physical symptoms have
been diagnosed as being delusional even though the physical effect upon the body is evident
and the samples can be subjected to detailed examination.

More recent research strongly indicates the underlying symptoms are much deeper and
more broadly distributed than has been realized, and that blood borne vectors may be a
common denominator amongst affected individuals. Any reference to supposed "delusional
parasitosis" in light of the physical examinations and documentation available appears to
be a gross miscarriage and misdirection of effort. The more advanced or severe cases may
introduce some pyschological complexities to the issue in addition to the physical
manifestations, but the data is insufficient at this point. Erythrocyte (red blood cell)
degradation and variation appears to occur in proportion to the severity of the condition.
Furthermore, various erythrocyte modifications detected indicate that stem cell research
should be incorporated within the investigation of the condition.

A certain level of progress has been achieved in the culturing of biological samples and the
early stages of inhibition study are in progress. Additional research indicates strong
correlation and similarity of form between certain environmental and biological samples.
The presence of skin anomalies as the primary criterion for determining the existence of
the condition appears to be especially deficient, and it is recommended that blood borne
conditions amongst the general population be investigated in addition to any skin
manifestation in the minority of the population. The existence of the condition is now
acknowledged by the Centers for Disease Control, the National Institutes of Health and the
Mayo Clinic.

Clifford E Carnicom, President
Carnicom Institute
PO Box 23721
Santa Fe, NM 87502
http://www.carnicominstitute.org




                       BLOOD ISSUES INTENSIFY
                                    Clifford E Carnicom
                                         Apr 22 2009

I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information.
I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended
observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.

Three independent methods have been established that appear to confirm the presence of
developing modified erythrocytes (red blood cells) within cultured dental samples that
exhibit the characteristics of the Morgellons condition as previously researched and
identified. All individuals tested thus far have produced the dental filamentous materials,
regardless of whether visible skin anomalies are present or not. Please see previous
research for further clarification on the prevalence of the condition.

The erythrocytic detection methods are:

1. Direct observation under the microscope at relatively high magnification (8000x -
10000x) using developed microscopy techniques.
2. The use of the Kastle-Meyer presumptive test (visual and microscopic, sensitive test) for
blood, a method commonly used in forensics for blood identification.
3. The HEMASTIX (TMP) presumptive forensic test (very high sensitivity) commonly used
for blood identification.

The tests have been repeated several times to assure consistency in methods, results and
controls.

The appearance of the cultured erythrocytic cellular structures, if accepted as properly
identified, in and of itself defies all conventional understanding of blood cell development.
This appearance also corroborates a long history of research through this site of
environmental and biological samples that defy conventional expectations and knowledge
with respect to the state of public health and the environment (e.g, refer to Extraordinary
Biological Observations, Carnicom, May 2004). Simply put, erythrocytes are not to be
grown in the the test tube under the current state of conventional knowledge. To do so,
however, is considered to be a holy grail of biological achievement with huge implications
for bioengineering, human health and the human species. Ground breaking research in this
aspect of biology, i.e, the "growing of blood cells" has been reported in the media
throughout this last year, and was simultaneously stated to entice immediate interest from
the Defense Department for battlefield applications (radio news report). Research previous
to this recent announcement reports the sustenance and perpetuation of existing cells
within a growth medium, but not the creation of new cells. Achievements of growth on any
scale are clearly on the leading front of stem cell research, and comparative questions must
be raised regarding the state of public disclosure on the subject vs. actual technological
achievements that may already be in place.

I have no desire to sensationalize this subject as the seriousness of the issue is apparent to
those that understand the ramifications of this report, should it bear itself to be true. I am
obligated, however, to report on the state of affairs as they are encountered through honest
research. I would hope that all three methods used here along with all previous reports
involving erythrocytes for more than 10 years can be shown to be false, but if so, it will
have to be done with open and public research that is subject to full cross-examination. I
would prefer to not be forced to continue to report findings of this nature but the
obligations with respect to public health and the environment do not afford me that liberty.

It has taken some time and effort for me to be able to employ three independent methods of
erythrocyte identification at the forensic level, but the seriousness of the subject requires
this as a minimum. I do not state this subject to be a closed affair; to the contrary, I am
opening a door that requests that there be additional resources activated to conduct the
investigations in proper earnest. The purpose of this paper is not to incite controversy. It is
to acknowledge what appears over and over to be a very real issue that appears to be of
consequence whether we would like to confront it or not.

From the vantage point of this researcher (through varied research over an extended
period), it is difficult to come to any other interpretation than that the Morgellons
condition is very likely to be fundamentally a blood borne condition. It is quite possible
that the findings of this report demonstrate a key element of the Morgellons condition.
From additional extensive research that has been conducted, it appears likely that it affects
the general population at large. Any skin anomalies or surface manifestations appear to be
just that, and they are not necessarily representative of the underlying causative factors. It
also appears unreasonable to use surface or skin manifestation as a primary criteria for
assessing the extent and distribution of the condition. It may be wise to consider the blood
condition of the general population as a focal point of further investigation and research.
The associations of airborne and environmental factors also established through extensive
research must also be given their due consideration.
                                            ADDITIONAL DETAILS:

                                               Culture Development:




Orignal extracted filamentous dental         After approximately two to four       The earlier forms of the filamentous
  sample in red wine contained and          weeks, a filamentous growth form          growth are pure white as in this
held in a petri dish with lid. This acts   emerges on the surface of the wine      sample. This is identical to previous
as the culture medium of this report.         (unanimous at this point). This      agar medium cultures that have been
    This sample represents a total         growth form is identical in nature at   developed. At this stage, the growth
 collection period of nine minutes of        the micrscopic level to previous       is approximately two to three days
 gum exposure to the wine solution;            dental cultures that have been           old. The photographs in this
   three segments of three minutes         reported on with the use of an agar     collection are taken from more than
          each, respectively.              medium. A time lapse video of that       one culture to demonstrate various
                                            growth is available on a previous       stages of growth and development.
                                                           report.




The culture growth several days into             Further development of the         The final form of development that
  development. This stage produces            filamentous form. A convoluted           has been reached by the culture
    greater variation in the surface           surface is now a characteristic        growth. Total time elapsed at this
  structure. Additional structure and       feature. Some structures have been      stage is approximately one to 1 1/2
    color is introduced and appears        observed to reach approximately one      months after the appearance of the
   visually to be more of a mold or           inch in thickness with numerous      original growth. Total time elapsed is
 fungus nature. It is this stage which     folds before being constrained by the   therefore on the order of two to three
    departs from the previous agar           lid of the petri dish An additional    months after the original collection
cultures and adds greater complexity       difference between the agar medium          of the dental sample in the wine
    to the form. It appears that the        and the wine medium is that growth     medium. The growth form reaches a
     nutrients within the wine are         on the agar medium can occur within      much greater degree of complexity
   eseential to reaching this stage of      24 hours, whereas the wine medium            than with the use of the agar
              development,.                 requires approximately two to four     medium. The diameter of the growth
                                            weeks to begin the growth process..      is approxiimately three inches and
                                                                                   appears to be constrained only by the
                                                                                      petri dish boundary and available
                                                                                    nutrients. The structure is cohesive.
                                                                                        Thus far every dental sample
                                                                                    observed has produced this growth
                                                                               form and onlythis growth form after
                                                                                  the time lapse of two to three
                                                                                             months.

                                           Microscopic Analysis:




What appears as a fully reconstituted A set of largely or fully reconstituted    A set of partial and mostly fully
    ethrocyte on the left side of the  erythrocytic structures. Biconcavity           reconsituted erythrocytic
photograph. Diameter approximately        characteristic of erythrocytes is      structures.The non-reconstituted
 6 microns. Biconcavity of structure     apparent. Original size at time of        form is more typical of early
is apparent. A reconstitution process first observation is on the order of 4 observation in the session; it appears
   similar to that reported earlier on     to 5 microns in diameter. Full     as though additional heat and/or light
 eyrthrocytic studies appears to also   biconcavity and uniform shape not            is responsible for the final
be in place within the wine medium. apparent at beginning of observation       reconstitution that takes place. No
Partial reconstitution appears to take    period; this develops more fully          budding or fission process
place in the wine medium, additional     under on the microscope stage as            characteristic of yeast cell
 reconstitution appears to take place    sample is subjected to additional            reproduction is observed.
over a 20 to 40 minute period under     light and heat. Reconsitution takes       Biconcavity and size range is a
 the light and heat of the microscope place to a size range of 5-6 microns     unique identifying characteristic of
       stage. Additional partially     with largely uniforn structure undes         erythrocytes. If erythrocyte
 reconstituted structures on the right these conditions. Human blood cells identification is accepted, species of
     side of the microphotograph.        are on the order of 6-8 mcirons in     blood remains unidentified. It can
     Magnification approx. 9000x.       diameter. Additional red blood cell        also not be be stated that the
                                         size comparisons are available at       reconstitution process is entirely
                                       Biological Observations Confirmed,       complete. Magnification approx.
                                          Carnicom, 2001. Magnification                        9000x.
                                                   approx. 9000x.




   Two main structural forms are        Acombination of a filament section    A good example of variation in the
   visible with the culture growth:        with surrounding erythroctyic     reconstitution process. Three primary
 filaments and erythrocytic forms.     structures. There does appear to be a     changes take place during the
 This microphotograph presents the       relationship between the presence   reconstitution stage: First, the size of
    filament aspect of the sample.           and origin of the presumed       the presumed erythrocye increases,
  Dimorphic fungal forms such as       erythrocytes and the filament forms.    as if a dessication stage may have
  Candida have also been a serious         This relationship is not clearly    been breached. The second is that
 topic of consideration in this study. defined at this time. There are some     uniformity of circular form develops.
Reconstitution, biconcavity and lack indications that the filaments may be      Lastly, the biconcavity characteristic
of budding or fission observed fails the source of origin for the presumed      of erythrocytes develops. This image
  to support theconventionalfungal      erythrocytes, but actual formation      shows examples of all three of these
   hypothesis. Additional forensic       has not been observed.. It can be      stages. The structure at the lower left
studies were conducted to eliminate       stated that there is no fission or    is in the original form observed. The
 ambiguity and they further confirm     budding that has been observed to            structure near the top and the
 the tenets of this report. Additional date. Time lapse imagery may shed           structure to the lower right have
   similar findings under different          further light on this issue.       increased in size, but they do not yet
  circumstances over the history of    Magnification approx. 1500-2000x.            exhibit the biconcave stage of
research on this site must now be be                                                development. The central two
     given further consideration.                                                structures show reconstitution with
    Magnification approx. 2000x                                                     increased size and biconcavity
                                                                                 visible. It is appropriate to compare
                                                                                  the two central structures with the
                                                                                control image of a human blood cell
                                                                                 in this series below. Magnification
                                                                                             approx. 9000x.




A peculiar, but not unique example        One of the early observations which A representative example of the
of structures within the filament         promoted further detailed study. The combined filament and erythrocytic
form. It is this image which brings to    co-linear aspect of development        forms. Magnification approx. 9000x.
question the origin of the presumed       raises further questions about the
erythrocytes. It is also of interest to   association and relationship between
compare this image with the one that      the filament form and the
immediately follows to the right.         erythrocytic form. It is not expected
Magnification approx. 9000x.              that erythrocytes in any natural
                                          arrangement would display this type
                                          of alignment. At the lower right of
                                          the photograph may be evidence of a
                                          filament or vestiges of a filament. It
                                          was during this observations that
                                          reconstitution was also observed, as
                                          biconcavity increased during the
                                          observation session. Magnification
                                          approx. 9000x.
         A control example and            An example of the anomalous blood          Another example of the anomalous
 microphotograph of fairly uniform        condtion that has been the subject of         blood condition that has been
  human blood cells, or erthrocytes.        numerous reports on this site. The       described on numerous reports on
 The only visual difference between           individual providing this blood       this site. Deformation of the cellular
    this control photograph and the         sample produces a relatively large       structure is apparent and common.
 reconstituted structures that are the        amount of the dental filaments       This individual is the same as that of
  basis of this report is that of size.    during the wine extraction process.     the previous photograph. Bacteremia
     Human erythrocytes generally         The culture that developed from this      is also a strong consideration in this
measure on the order of 6-8 microns            individual was the quickest to           case; please refer to previous
     in diameter. The erythrocytic          appear; approximately two weeks         references to Chlamydia Pneumonia
     structures of this report, after      were required vs. what can be up to     and its characteristics. Essentially all
 apparent full reconstitution, are on      four weeks for the other cases. The      individuals that have been observed
 the order of 5-6 microns. A human         culture growth from this individual     in these studies show degree of these
hair is on the order of approx. 60-100    was also extensive and rapid relative      anomalies, regardless as to wheter
       microns in thickness. The           to other individuals. The individual    skin anomalies are present or not. All
  presumptive forensic tests of this       displays no known skin anomalies.         individuals tested thus far produce
   report do not establish a case of        At this point, there appears to be a    some degree of the dental filaments.
human blood, only that of blood and         fairly strong and direct correlation      All cultures mediums established
  hemoglobin. Questions of what is         between the conditions of the blood     thus far produce the culture form that
   full reconstitution under optimal       that have been observed along with            is the subject of this report.
     environmental conditions and           anomalous physical manifestation,           Magnification approx. 9000x.
  consideration of species involved        whether it be skin anomalies or the
         remain open questions.           volume of dental materials removed.
     Magnification approx. 9000x.          Please see additional reports on this
                                             site for further description of the
                                          blood condition that is depicted here.
                                               Magnification approx. 9000x.


               All magnifications reported are prior to reduction of images for web site presentation.

                              Kastle-Meyer Blood Detection Forensic Test:
                                          ( Performed on Microscope Slide)




                                                                    View of cultured dental sample #2 subjected to
  View of cultured dental sample #1subjected to Kastle-
                                                                      Kastle-Meyer blood detection forensic test.
  Meyer blood detection forensic test. Peroxide activity
                                                                   Peroxide activity characteristic of hemolysis and
  characteristic of hemolysis and phenolphthalein color
                                                                  phenolphthalein color change to bright pink-red is
      change to bright pink-red is evident. A positive
                                                                      evident. A positive presumptive test for the
   presumptive test for the existence of blood within the
                                                                     existence of blood within the cultured dental
  cultured dental sample. On glass microscope slide.The
                                                                  sample. On glass microscope slide. The sample is
        sample is dried prior to performing the test.
                                                                           dried prior to performing the test.
                 Magnification approx. 2x.
                                                                               Magnification approx. 2x.
   Control case for the Kastle-Meyer presumptive blood              Second control case for the Kastle-Meyer
  detection test. View of human blood sample subjected to      presumptive blood detection test. No blood present
     Kastle-Myer blood detection forensic test. Peroxide       in the sample. No peroxide hemolysis evident and
  activity characteristic of hemolysis and phenolphthalein     no color change. A negative Kastle-Meyer forensic
  color change to bright pink-red is evident. A positve test          test result. On glass microscope slide.
    result. On glass microscope slide. The blood is dried                    Magnification approx. 2x.
   prior to performing the test. Magnification approx. 2x.

Summary : Both the human blood cell control test and the cultured dental samples produce the same visible physical
andchemical reactions at the visible level and satisfy the expected conditions of blood detection by the Kastle-Meyer
                                                      forensic test.

                             Kastle-Meyer Blood Detection Forensic Test:
                                                (Microscopic View)




 Microscopic view of human blood      Microscopic view of cultured dental      Microscopic view of cultured dental
 sample subjected to Kastle-Meyer sample #1 subjected to Kastle-Meyer          sample #2 subjected to Kastle-Meyer
   blood detection forensic test.        blood detection forensic test.            blood detection forensic test.
 Peroxide activity characteristic of   Peroxide activity characteristic of       Peroxide activity characteristic of
hemolysis and phenolphthalein color hemolysis and phenolphthalein color        hemolysis and phenolphthalein color
change to bright pink-red is evident. change to bright pink-red is evident.    change to bright pink-red is evident.
   Magnification approx. 600x.           Magnification approx. 600x.               Magnification approx. 600x.

Summary : Boththe human blood cell control test and the cultured dental samples produce the same visible physical
and chemical reactions at the microscopic level and satisfy the expected conditions of blood detection by the Kastle-
                                                Meyer forensic test.

                         HEMASTIX(TMB) Blood Detection Forensic Test:
                                                Positive HEMASTIX test result when           Positive HEMASTIX test result when
    HEMASTIX control blood test. The
                                                 exposed to dental culture sample #1.        exposed to dental culture sample #2.
 lower stick is that of a negative, i.e., no
                                               The sample is prepared by extraction of      The sample is prepared by extraction of
   blood of any trace evident. The upper
                                                   a small portion of the filamentous          a small portion of the filamentous
stick is a positive test that corresponds to
                                                growth which is then placed on a glass      growth which is then placed on a glass
  one to two drops of human blood in 50
                                                   slide. The sample is mechanically           slide. The sample is mechanically
      milliliters of distilled water. The
                                                  broken down with a scalpel and the          broken down with a scalpel and the
    HEMASTIX test is positive for the
                                                     HEMASTIX is exposed to the                  HEMASTIX is exposed to the
    existence of blood essentially if any
                                                 surroundingsolution. The results are         surroundingsolution. The results are
   green to blue-green tint shows on the
                                                    recorded at the stated time of 60           recorded at the stated time of 60
 stick after a time interval of 60 seconds.
                                                 seconds. The cultured dental sample          seconds. The cultured dental sample
  The HEMASTIX test (TMB) is highly
                                               produces a positive test for the existence        produces a positive test for the
  sensitive to the existence of blood in a
                                                                of blood.                      existence of blood.. Magnification
     sample. Magnification approx.2x.
                                                       Magnification approx.2x.                            approx 2x.

     Summary : Both the human blood cell control test and the cultured dental samples produce the same visible physical
       and chemical reactions and satisfy the expected conditions of blood detection by the HEMASTIX forensic test.

                                       FIRST GROWTH INHIBITION STUDY:

                                       An initial growth inhibition study follows below.
        This information is of a preliminary nature only and the details of the study will not be presented at this time.
                   Copper sulfate can be toxic or lethal to the human species in sufficient quantity.
                         I repeat that no medical advice or diagnosis is presented in this paper.
      NO ONE is advised to experiment with the ingestion of copper sulfate under any conditions as a basis of this
                                                             report.
           All individuals are advised to consult with a medical professional for any medical related issues.
                                      This presentation is for information purposes only.




                                                                      A separate culture exposed to a solution of
                Control Culture. Growth is rapid, extensive and
                                                                     copper sulfate and the original wine base for
                             described as above.
                                                                       approximately three days. Growth of the
                                              culture appears to have ceased at the time of
                                             exposure to the copper sulphate. Over the next
                                             several days, discoloration of the culture takes
                                             place to a red-brown cast. Additional study is
                                             required. Details of the study will follow later
                                                   as time and circumstances permit.



                                   Additional Note:

The Carnicom Institute now exists as a non-profit corporation registered in the state of
                                    New Mexico.

Those that wish to support the mission and goals of the Carnicom Institute may make
                       contact at the following web address:

                           http://www.carnicominstitute.org

                                         or at:

                                 Carnicom Institute
                                   PO Box 23721
                                 Santa Fe, NM 87502

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                  AEROSOLS & MORGELLONS:
                                A Systems Perspective
                                Clifford E Carnicom
                                    Mar 23 2009
Addtional Notes:
1. This document is subject to significant revision.
2. PDF Version Link available with this link.




              MORGELLONS: GROWTH CAPTURED
                                          Clifford E Carnicom
                                               Aug 21 2008
              (High speed connection required - please allow sufficient time for loading of video)

A time lapse video under the microscope has been developed which demonstrates the
cultured growth pattern and behavior of a primary pathogenic form that is in direct
association with the so-called "Morgellons" condition. The general public appears to be
subject to the conditions that are shown in this report.

I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information.
I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended
observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.

(Please refer to the recent articles on this site, Culture Breakthrough (?) and Culture Work
Confirmed for the prerequisites to this report).
  Six hour to one minute time lapse microscope video of primary pathogenic form under culture. Magnification
                                                 approx. 450x.
  This video is of a cultured growth which takes place on top of a dental sample placed within an bouillon agar
                                                    medium.
    Please see additional images below and the recent reports on the culture work for additional information.

The time lapse video covers a period of approximately six hours and compresses the time
into approximately one minute with 30 frames. The video images are time stamped in the
lower right hand corner. The time interval between successive images is approximately 12
minutes. At approximately one hour into the sequence, extending filaments can be clearly
seen (left center) to emerge from a primary filament. The network continues to densify
from that point forward. The width of the primary filament (larger size) is approximately
12 microns in thickness, which is in accord with previous measurements for the encasing or
bounding filament from direct biological samples. A reasonable estimate of the narrow
filaments is on the order of sub-micron to micron range, also in accordance with previous
measurements of the sub-micron internal filament network.

From the discovery shown here, it would appear that the encasing filament serves to
provide feeder or extension filaments which serve to extend the growth of the pathogen.
The estimated growth rate of the extension filaments on this particular culture is on the
order of 50 microns per hour, or roughly the width of a thin human hair per hour.

Over the course of the six hours, it can be seen that the network becomes both dense and
complex.

Developing a non-toxic method of visibly impeding this growth process should be at least
one priority consideration for researchers of this topic.

The lighting varies due to surrounding reflection and refraction from the growth of the
surrounding network. It also varies from the densification of the immediate network state.
The depth of field for the photography is quite shallow due to the magnification, and
occasionally the image requires refocusing to keep the primary filament in view. The
lighting is from above and oblique.

This report continues to add valuable knowledge on the morphology, characteristics and
behavior of at least some of the pathogenic forms that are strongly associated with the so-
called "Morgellons" condition.



The following images are excerpted from the previous paper entitled "Culture Breakthrough (?), dated July 12, 2008
                              and Culture Work Confirmed, dated August 18, 2008.
   Duplicated, isolated and cultured "primary pathogenic form" growing on top of dental filament sample within
                                               bouillon agar medium.
Under high magnification, i.e., approx. 7000x, the primary pathogenic form is identical in size, shape and structure
            to the expelled dental samples ( see additional photographs at high magnification below).
           The time period for independent cultures to emerge from various dental samples has ranged
from a few days to a few months. The time of development for this propagated culture is approximately one week.
     This culture form is not assured to grow on each dental sample, but has occurred thus far in at least three
                                                 independent cases
  over varying time intervals. A broad variety of molds, fungi and bacterial have formed on most dental samples
               in addition to individual instances of the filament culture.. Magnification approx. 3x.
              An original DENTAL filament sample under the modified microscope.
                     Additional dental filament sample microphotographs are
              available on this site; uniformity of structure,size and form is apparent.
                    This is to be considered as the "primary pathogenic form"
                   for the purposes of this report. Magnification approx. 7000x.




The filament from a bouillon agar culture medium growth under high magnification. It appears in all
   major respects(size, structure, form) to be identical to the "primary pathogenic form."(i.e.,the dental sample).
          Encasing filament,sub-micron filament network and sub-micron oblate/spherical structures are
     each identifiable within this microphotograph. This sample represents a growth on the culture medium
      and it is not the original dental sample. It develops from, and as a result of the dental filament sample
           and it represents a controlled development and duplication of the primary pathogenic form.
                                            Magnification approx. 7000x.

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                     CULTURE WORK IS CONFIRMED
                                             Clifford E Carnicom
                                                  Aug 18 2008

I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information.
I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended
observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.

A pathogenic form that appears to be directly associated with the so-
called"Morgellon's"condition has now been sucessfully, repeatedly and positively cultured
from numerous independent dental filament samples over a protracted period of time.

The initial work that establishes the background of this report can be read from the paper
entitled Culture Breakthrough (?), dated July 12, 2008. Confirmation of this result has been
postponed until it became clear that the findings could be duplicated; this is now the case.

This work is important in that it provides a basis for the controlled study, observation,
examination and modification of a primary pathogenic form that appears to underlie the
existence of the so-called "Morgellon's" condition. It is reiterated that the general
population appears to be subject to the existence of the pathogen, regardless of whether
certain skin "anomalies" are present or not.

It is unlikely that I will have the time or resources to conduct the studies that are called for.
I will continue to do what I can when I can; proper resources are a serious issue at this
point.

The public must now share in the responsibility for the progress(or the lack of it) that is
dictated by this report.
     A representative original dental sample on beef-bouillon agar medium. Magnification approx. 2x.




Duplicated, isolated and cultured "primary pathogenic form" growing on top of dental filament sample within
                                               bouillon agar medium.
Under high magnification, i.e., approx. 7000x, the primary pathogenic form is identical in size, shape and structure
             to the expelled dental samples ( see additional photographs at high magnification below).
            The time period for independent cultures to emerge from various dental samples has ranged
from a few days to a few months. The tiime of development for this propagated culture is approximately one week.
     This culture form is not assured to grow on each dental sample, but has occurred thus far in at least three
                                                  independent cases
   over varying time intervals. A broad variety of molds, fungi and bacterial have formed on most dental samples
               in addition to individual instances of the filament culture.. Magnification approx. 3x.




        This microphotograph demonstrates one method by which the culture appears to extend its growth.
                  Circular colonies are often found to establish themselves on the agar medium in
         a radial fashion around the primary filamentous culture. It also appears that the circular colonies
           are able to withstand more adverse environmental conditions, such as a decrease in moisture.
  When conditions are favorable, the filaments often form an interlocking web across and between the spherical
                                                       colonies.
          Individual interconnecting filaments are visible within this photograph at relatively low power.
  If the conditions are highly favorable to growth, (ie., increased moisture, nutrients and a dental sample base),
                  the filament culture can rapidly increase as in the first photograph of this report.
            Once a filament culture has developed, it appears difficult to degrade; no such degradation
                    has occurred to date even if environmental conditions become more adverse.
                         Some cultures under study are now approximately 3 months of age.
                                             Magnification approx. 400x.
          Another example of variate culture growth on the dental filament (dark regions) samples.
        Bacterial and fungal forms went through several stages of evolution on this culture medium.
  The culture has eventually culminated with the appearance and gradual growth of the primary pathogenic
form(white filamentous growth) after a 2-3 month period of sustained observation. Magnification approx. 2x.




The following images are excerpted from the previous paper entitled "Culture Breakthrough (?), dated July 12,
                                                   2008.
              An original DENTAL filament sample under the modified microscope.
                     Additional dental filament sample microphotographs are
              available on this site; uniformity of structure,size and form is apparent.
                    This is to be considered as the "primary pathogenic form"
                   for the purposes of this report. Magnification approx. 7000x.




The filament from a bouillon agar culture medium growth under high magnification. It appears in all
major respects(size, structure, form) to be identical to the "primary pathogenic form."(i.e.,the dental sample).
       Encasing filament,sub-micron filament network and sub-micron oblate/spherical structures are
  each identifiable within this microphotograph. This sample represents a growth on the culture medium
   and it is not the original dental sample. It develops from, and as a result of the dental filament sample
        and it represents a controlled development and duplication of the primary pathogenic form.
                                         Magnification approx. 7000x.




                     Additional microphotograph of a culture medium filament sample.
                    Similarity, if not identity, to the primary pathogenic form is apparent.
                     This pathogenic form has been identified in ALL humans that have
                              subjected themselves to the dental testing process.
                                          Magnification approx. 7000x.
                   Additional microphotograph of a culture medium filament sample.
                  Similarity, if not identity, to the primary pathogenic form is apparent.
                                        Magnification approx. 7000x.

Additional information will be made available if and as time and circumstances permit.

                        Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page




                   CULTURE BREAKTHROUGH(?)
                                        Clifford E Carnicom
                                             Jul 12 2008

I have no medical expertise and I claim none. I am not offering any medical advice or
diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am acting solely as an independent
researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological
conditions that are evident. This paper is, nevertheless, provocative in its intent.

Work has been conducted over the past one to two months that appears to be important
and it may have significant impact. It appears as though a primary pathogenic form under
evaluation that is assocated with the so-called "Morgellons" condition may have been
successfully cultured. If this proves to be the case, it offers the potential to begin very
serious research on the methods to control, inhibit, reduce or eliminate the pathogenic
forms within the human body. My opportunities to conduct such research are quite limited
due to additional demands, and this information is offered for the public benefit so that this
process can begin without delay. I will continue to do what I can. Unknown pathogens are
difficult to identify, treat and remove if they exist only within the body; there is tremendous
benefit if such pathogens can be grown or developed in a culture medium under controlled
conditions. This report may offer a pathway to that process.

There can be no excuse at this point by anyone for the failure to conduct the necessary
research that this report prompts. The responsibility for this action and any potential
progress from it now rests with each of us.

Before continuing, let us briefly summarize salient findings by this researcher over the past
couple of years on the "Morgellons" and Aerosol issues; the basis for these statements will
be found within the body of research that exists on this site:

1. Five recurring, specific identical physical forms, all apparently of a pathogenic nature,
are under continuous identification across the major systems of the human body. These
include:

a) A bounding,or encasing, filament form, approximately 12-20 microns in thickness.
b) A sub-micron network of filaments within the bounding filament.
c) Sub-micron oblate to spherical structures, potentially identiable as a Chlamydia
pneumoniae intra-cellurlar bacterial form.
d) A "hybrid" from, usually of a ribbon-like nature. Mycoplasma (pleoforms) have been
suggested as a topic for further research with this item.
e) A "budding" form, which appears to emerge from the encasing filament, which further
contains both items b and c on this list.

2. Airborne filament environmental samples have been matched, to the degree possible
with available equipment, with items a, b, and c of Item 1 on this list. The United States
Environmental Protection Agency has refused to identify these airborne samples.

3. There has been no adequate or appropriate response, either by government, public or
private resources to address the findings of Items 1 and 2 for approximately 10 years. The
aerosol issue emerged as a controversial topic at approximately that same time, to be
followed gradually over the following years with the emergence of the "Morgellons " issue
as another controversial topic. There is now sufficient evidence to consider the aerosol issue
and the Morgellon's issue as linked with the common denominators of physical form and
delivery method. The EPA and the Center for Disease Control(CDC) are both culpable in
this regard, along with other public service agencies.

4. The perception that the "Morgellon's issue affects a only a relatively small group of
individuals appears to be patently false, based upon the findings of this researcher. The
skin symptoms (lesions, filaments, etc.) that are often called to attention as evidence of the
condition appear to be only one restricted manifestation of more general conditions that
appear to affect the entire population. Any individual that has provided biological
samples(blood, dental) for observation demonstrates, to some degree, the pathogenic forms
listed in Item 1. To date, no individual is exempt from this assessment. It is repeated that I
am providing no medical diagnosis or determination with this statement; it is simply a
point of fact of observation from this researcher.

5. The "dental test", as reported on this site, continues to be a viable form of production of
biological samples for further study. Such samples form the basis for this report. The
filament dental form has been produced, thus far, by any and all individuals that have
participated in the testing process. Some individuals have now been conducting this test for
several months on a daily basis; there remains a continuous daily production of the
filaments from the dental region of these individuals. There is no known exception to this
statement as this time; if and when it is found it will be stated as such. Continuous
gratitude and recognition is given to Gwen Scott, N.D. for the discovery and development
of this test method; it exists as a crucial link in the subsequent work outlined in this report.
The connections that have been made are a good example of how research often requires
collaborative effort and resources, especially as the complexity of the situation increases.
The aerosol and "Morgellons" issues have been deliberately constrained in progress due to
their covert natures, and the work is years behind the state of healing that is eventually
required.

6. The majority of the information on this page is available through various modifications
that have been made to conventional microscopy equipment. The relatively high
magnifications that have been achieved permit the detection of structure and form that
would otherwise be invisible with conventional equipment. Cumulative image processing
techniques have also been used to improve structure determination.
                    Original dental sample on agar sample. Magnification approx. 2x.




Original dental sample under the modified microscope. Additional dental filament sample microphotographs
                  are available on this site; uniformity of structure, size and form is apparent.
          This is to be considered as the "primary pathogenic form" for the purposes of this report..
                                           Magnification approx. 7000x.
    Broad variety of fungal and bacterial forms that develop from the dental
               filament samples upon the agar culture medium.
    Time of development approximately 2 weeks. Magnification approx. 5x.




 Close-up of pathogenic forms that appear on the filament dental samples on the
      agar culture medium after approximately two weeks of development.
The black circle encloses what appears to be a black mold species(Stachybotrys?)
        Numerous species of fungi and bacteria develop from the dental samples on the agar medium.
        The red circle encloses what appears to a separate genesis of the "primary pathogenic form",
                           i.e., the subject of this report. Magnification approx. 8x.




     Isolated culture developed from the pathogens that have developed from the dental filament samples.
This filament culture appears, under high magnification, to be absolutely equivalent to the "primary pathogenic
                                                       form",
    i.e, the dental filament form shown at the beginning of this report. This pathogen grows freely, broadly
and quickly upon the agar culture medium used here(beef bouillon). The culture is easily propagated from one
 medium to another identical medium. It remains unclear at this point what specific conditions are required to
                     create the culture form. Time of development approximately 1 1/2 weeks.
                  No match found to an existing species at this time. Magnification approx. 2x.
             The filament from the agar culture medium growth under high magnification. It appears in all
   major respects(size, structure, form) to be identical to the "primary pathogenic form." (i.e., the dental sample).
            Encasing filament, sub-micron filament network and sub-micron oblate/spherical structures are
        each identifiable within this microphotograph. This sample represents a growth on the culture medium
and it is not the original dental sample. It appears that it develops from, and as a result of the dental filament sample.
                   If this proves to be the case, it represents a controlled development and duplication
                              of the primary pathogenic form. Magnification approx. 7000x.
Additional microphotograph of the culture medium filament sample.
Similarity, if not identity, to the primary pathogenic form is apparent.
 This pathogenic form has been identified in ALL humans that have
          subjected themselves to the dental testing process.
                      Magnification approx. 7000x.




Additional microphotograph of the culture medium filament sample.
Similarity, if not identity, to the primary pathogenic form is apparent.
                      Magnification approx. 7000x.




                   Additional Photographs:
                           (to be captioned)
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Morgellons :
The Breaking of Bonds and the Reduction of Iron
Clifford E Carnicom
Sep 28 2012




Three methods that appear to interfere with the molecular bonding of the iron-dipeptide
complex that is now understood to be characteristic of the "Morgellons" growth structure have
been established and identified. The iron-protein complex is believed to be of, or similar to, the
"Rieske Protein" (iron-sulfur) form. These three methods also appear to be variably successful
in reducing the oxidation state of the encapsulated iron from the Fe(III) state to the Fe(II) state.
The discovered methods involve the use of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), N-acetyl cysteine (NAC)
and glutathione. The results of applying glutathione appear to be especially promising at this
time, as it appears that a major disruption in the bond structure has taken place after
approximately 72 hours. The methods have been established and verified through visual,
chemical and spectroscopic methods and each has an effect independent of the others. The
hypothesis to be made here is that the growth of the organism itself may be interfered with as
a result of this work.

This result has been a primary target of research through this past year, and it may represent
an important potential inhibitor to the structure growth. The results may also indicate a certain
level of coincidence of research or result that has been achieved; an interest in the use of NAC
as a mitigating influence (i.e., bio-film reduction) by direct experience has been expressed by
independent parties over time1. Synergetic use of all three compounds is also a prospect for
investigation. Additional research will seek out the particular chemistry of the disassociation
and reduction process (see Additional Note below). Intensive and exhaustive study of the
molecular structure of the proteinaceous compound with more sophisticated equipment
remains in need.

It will be found that there are important interactions and relationships in the body between
cysteine compounds, NAC and glutathione. The combination of influences and interactions
between iron, cysteine, histidine, ascorbic acid, N-acetyl cysteine and glutathione represents an
important pathway of research for the Morgellons condition. These considerations are to be
added to those that have also been outlined in previous research papers on this site in recent
years. Full consideration of all information that has been made available may be beneficial in
developing any strategies of mitigation for the condition.

All tests have been conducted within a laboratory setting and they do not involve the human
body in any fashion; please note the caution at the introduction of this paper. Formidable
difficulties remain with the consideration of the highly impervious casing (likely keratin based)
that encapsulates the internal growth forms and the environmental forms. The work herein, in
combination with the importance of iron within the structure, as well as specific amino acids
(cysteine and histidine) that have been identified as a part of the growth form, may represent
important milestones in the prolonged research of the so-called "Morgellons" condition.

Additional Note:

The iron in an oxidized Rieske protein form exists in the Fe(III) state. In the reduced Rieske
protein form, one iron atom is in the Fe(III) state and the other iron atom is in the Fe(II) state.
The iron-sulfur centers perform a function of electron transfer by alternating between the
oxidized and reduced state; this is known as a redox couple. Ascorbic acid and NAC are both
known to be powerful reducing agents. Glutathione is also a powerful reducing agent and it is a
tripeptide that is known specifically to be able to break disulfide bonds. Disulfide bonds have
long been though by this researcher to be a key element of the structural framework of growth.
It can be shown directly by chemical tests that ascorbic acid, NAC and glutathione reduce iron
from the Fe(III) state to the Fe(II) state. It is anticipated that this fact plays an important role in
the protein (dipeptide) bond disruption that has been identified in this report.

To be continued as time and circumstance permit.




                   Visible Light Spectrum of Oral Filament Culture Fe(III) Test (negative result)
  Visible Light Spectrum of Oral Filament Culture Fe(II) Test (negative result)




Visible Light Spectrum of Oral Filament Culture Fe(II) Test NAC (positive result)
               Note shift toward the red portion of the spectrum.
Visible Light Spectrum of Oral Filament Culture Fe(II) Test Ascorbic Acid (positive result)
                   Note shift toward the red portion of the spectrum.
Visible Light Spectrum of Oral Filament Culture Fe(II) Test Glutathione (positive result)
                   Note shift toward the red portion of the spectrum.
    Visible Light Spectrum of Oral Filament Culture Fe(II) Test Glutathione after 72 hours. (positive result)
                          Note major shift toward the red portion of the spectrum.




Oral Culture NAC Fe(II) Test [LEFT]                                         Oral Culture Ascorbic Acid Fe(II) Test [LEFT]
 Oral Culture Fe(II) Test [RIGHT]                                                 Oral Culture Fe(II) Test [RIGHT]




                                       Oral Culture High Heat [LEFT]
     Oral Culture Ascorbic Acid High Heat [MIDDLE] : Note precipitation of iron oxide within the solution
          Oral Culture NAC High Heat [RIGHT] : Note precipitation of iron oxide within the solution
                                      Oral Culture Ninhydrin Moderate Heat [LEFT]
                             Oral Culture Ninhydrin Ascorbic Acid Moderate Heat [MIDDLE]
                                  Oral Culture Ninhydrin NAC Moderate Heat [RIGHT]
    1. Note: Appreciation is extended to Sandra Autry, former Carnicom Institute Associate Member, for her
    interests, recommendations and experiences expressed on this topic - Personal conversation.




    Instructions for Boosting Your
    Microscope’s Power
    to Examine Your Own Samples
 Editor's Note: This page has been prepared by a citizen for the benefit of the public and it is subject to
    further editing. The purpose is to introduce the readership to the general technology being used.
Magnifications of approximately 8000x and the detection of biological components to approximately 0.2-
 0.3 microns have been achieved with the general methods described on this page. My appreciation is
extended to the author of this paper for his extended efforts and for the service that has been provided to
                                                 the public.
                                        CE Carnicom Jun 24 2008
                                            Edited Sep 08 2008
                                            Edited Nov 17 2008
                                            Edited Aug 23 2009
            This page introduces a modification that can produce up to
 4,000x magnification with an ordinary digital microscope and a webcam’s CCD chip.




                       Analog microscope adapted with a webcam’s CCD chip
                          (plus, in this case, a telescope’s ‘Barlow’ lens).




THE CHALLENGE: VERIFYING THE FINDINGS



If Mr. Carnicom’s findings of blood and other abnormalities are shown to be replicable by any
interested person with a microscope, it would indicate that widespread blood infection and air
contamination by unknown agents are most likely a reality. If such blood and air abnormalities
are the reality, then having as many independent verifications as possible of the facts involved
would be a very good way to convince the general public of that reality. Once that reality is
generally accepted, the urgent priority hopefully would then become determining how we can
best engage with that reality as quickly, effectively, and as healthfully as possible.



Thus it is now essential to have as many independent verifications of the findings as soon as
possible and to have the evidence of those verifications posted on the Web and shared widely
with these ends in mind.



THE SOLUTION: BOOSTING YOUR MICROSCOPE’S POWER



The magnification needed to view the abnormalities in blood and other samples, however, is high
to very high—from 1,000 to 7,000 times (x)—with powers over 1,500x usually being too high
for normal unmodified optical microscopes. But due to the ingenuity of some amateur
astronomers and



Mr. Carnicom, there now exist at least two relatively simple and inexpensive do-it-yourself
methods by which interested members of the public can modify their own microscopes and
directly image their own samples to 4,000x and even higher. Both methods adapt a simple web
camera’s ‘charge-coupled device’ (CCD) chip to microphotography—replacing the eyepiece of
the microscope with the webcam’s CCD sensor is the key. You will be replacing the webcam
lens with your microscope lens.



Besides using a CCD chip, the more involved method—which gives the highest magnification
power—also involves adapting a telescope’s ‘Barlow’ lens to the microscope, and is not covered
by this how-to document.



The simpler method—which, although it gives less magnification power, still magnifies samples
much more than do unadapted microscopes—uses only the CCD chip and will be the focus of
this paper. Below are the step-by-step instructions needed for this simpler method, which
provides a maximum magnification of approximately 4,000x and can be built in one afternoon
for as little as $35.



(PLEASE NOTE: Opening the webcam case will void the webcam’s warranty. Also,
implementing the following modifications and procedures are done at your own risk, and so you
will be solely responsible for any damages that might occur to your webcam.)



WARNING: For your own safety, any attempts to replicate the micrography
techniques mentioned on this website must include observing samples by way of one’s
computer’s monitor only and NOT directly through one’s microscope. This is
absolutely mandatory when working with any LASER light, which can cause
serious eye injury and blindness. Serious precautions must always be taken when
working with any operating LASER.




MATERIALS



The homemade CCD imager is based on the Logitech QuickCam (two versions shown below)
from Connectix (www.logitech.com). These can often be purchased affordably on eBay.com




Parts needed:
      One QuickCam webcam (any model)
      One black, plastic, 35mm film canister (Kodak cans recommended for their protruding
       ‘lip’)
      Silicone adhesive



Tools needed:

      Digital microscope (best quality possible)*
      Personal computer + monitor
      QuickCam imaging software
      Small regular-head screwdriver
      Small Phillips-head screwdriver
      Small Allen-head screwdriver
      Small paper clip (or small jeweler’s screwdriver)
      Fine-tooth coping saw or hacksaw
      Grounding strap



* Mr. Carnicom states that the best microscope he has is called the “Ultimate Home Microscope” (also
  known as the “Ultimate Digital Microscope”) from Home Science Tools
  (www.hometrainingtools.com).




OBJECTIVE 1: Open Up the Webcam



       a) Remember to not leave the webcam interior open to the air for too long (as dust could get
       on the CCD chip), so have your film-canister eyepiece adapter ready. Before opening up the
       webcam and in preparation for mounting, take the plastic (Kodak) film canister, remove its
       cap, and cut out the bottom with either a fine-tooth coping saw or a hacksaw. Be sure to
       remove all debris and dust from it and the immediate work area. Extreme cleanliness is vital,
       as even a tiny dust/debris particle on the CCD chip will interfere with your microscope
       imaging later.



       b) Look at the QuickCam’s ball-shaped housing where the two halves meet and find a
       tiny hole about the diameter of a paper-clip wire. (NOTE: Depending on the model, this
       may be hidden behind a small sticker, which can be easily peeled back.)
       c1) Insert the end of a small jeweler’s screwdriver or a paper-clip wire into the hole and
       gently press it in until you feel a snap. You have just unlocked one of the three retaining
       clips that hold the ball together.




       c2) Alternatively, if there is a screw visible, insert the appropriate small screwdriver into
       the hole and unscrew it.



       d) Carefully pry the ball apart with a small regular-head screwdriver, taking EXTREME
       care not to damage or dirty the QuickCam’s internal components.



OBJECTIVE 2: Alter the Webcam for Microscope Use

For the next several steps, you should be properly grounded to prevent the buildup of static
electricity, which can damage the camera’s sensitive electronics. (Most computer supply stores
sell tiny “grounding straps” with which one can connect one’s body to a plumbing pipe or some
other grounded structure prior to doing the following steps.)



In addition, it is extremely important to keep the CCD chip clean! Even a tiny fleck of dust on
the CCD chip can interfere with later imaging.



       a) Inside the QuickCam, you will find several pieces, including the lens, lens mounting, a
       metal spacer adjacent to the lens, and a metal counterweight that doubles as a tri-pod.
       Remove the lens by simply unscrewing it.




       b) If there is an LED visible in the webcam, tape a small piece of black tape over it to
       prevent excess light interference when the webcam is turned on.



       c) Identify the CCD chip and the lens mounting as two separate objects within the
       webcam. REMOVE THE LENS FROM THE LENS MOUNTING BUT LEAVE THE
       ACTUAL LENS MOUNTING IN PLACE. THE REMOVAL OF THE WEBCAM
       LENS IS A CRITICAL STEP. THE CCD WILL BE EXPOSED TO THE AIR WHEN
       THE MODIFICATION IS COMPLETE AND YOU MUST KEEP THE CCD CHIP AS
       CLEAN AS POSSIBLE FROM THIS POINT FORWARD. ANY DUST OR DIRT OF
       ANY KIND ON THE CCD CHIP WILL INTERFERE SIGNIFICANTLY WITH THE
       RESULTS THAT WILL BE ATTAINED.
QuickCam circuit board with lens mount still attached.




         QuickCam circuit board with lens
       mount removed and CCD chip exposed.
d) Reassemble the webcam’s body, now minus the lens (and possibly the lens mounting).



e) With the silicone adhesive, CAREFULLY glue the top of the film canister (now with its
bottom cut off) directly over the top of the hole in the webcam where the lens once was.
The CCD light-sensing chip remains in the webcam’s circuit board in its original state and
form.



Regardless of which method is used, after gluing on the film canister, wrap one-inch
masking tape around the microscope's trinocular port or around the second eyepiece tube on
a binocular viewing head so that the proper diameter makes a snug fit of the film canister
over the tape.
                          Here is how one possible end result will look.
                      In this case, the webcam body has been reassembled
                                and the film canister glued onto it.




OBJECTIVE 3: Connect the Webcam to the Computer and Microscope



      a) Depending on your computer model, either attach the QuickCam to the
      keyboard/mouse-jack of your computer or plug it directly into your computer’s USB port.
      b) Remove the eyepiece from your microscope.



      c) Insert the film canister tube—with part of the QuickCam now attached—into the
      microscope’s eyepiece holder.



OBJECTIVE 4: Test the Imaging Ability



      a) If you have not already done so, install the webcam’s imaging software before using
      the camera, following the instructions that came with it. Once the webcam software is
      installed, go to the Logitech downloads web page at
      (http://www.logitech.com/index.cfm/support_downloads/downloads/&cl=us,en) and
      download the latest drivers and software.



      b) Focus the microscope onto a test target and look for its image to appear on your
      computer monitor. The webcam will produce real-time images, meaning that you can
      adjust the ‘aim’ of your microscope and see the results on your screen at the same time.
      Adjust the focus control until the image is at its sharpest.



      c) If the image is not evenly sharp across the field, that means the CCD in the QuickCam
      housing is tilted a little. Open up the camera again and shift one side of the CCD chip to
      even things out. Then put it back onto the eyepiece holder and try the test target again.



      d) To take a photograph with the imager, simply click the QuickCam’s program screen
      with your computer’s mouse cursor. When photos are taken, save them so you can adjust
      their quality with QuickCam’s software or another imaging software program, such as
      Adobe Photoshop.



      You can also use the webcam's digital zoom feature to increase image magnification, if
      necessary. The webcam's software allows you to increase the image magnification by 2x
      in 10 increments. There will be a loss of resolution, since the webcam's software records
       fewer pixels and uses interpolation algorithms.



OBJECTIVE 5: Obtain Samples to Examine



Before going straight to blood samples, you’ll probably want to start with somewhat simpler
things.



Any objects examined must be extremely thin and only about one cell width in thickness. Some
examples include:

      Cheek cells swabbed from one’s mouth with a toothpick.
      Onion skin. Perfect practice material; an onion skin is one cell in width and has large,
       easy-to-see cells. It also allows light through, is thin, and is easy acquire.
      Epsom salts can be dissolved in water and then dried, resulting in interesting crystals to
       examine.
      Relevant samples can include blood, the material resulting from swishing various liquids
       in the mouth, and airborne samples, among others.
      According to Mr. Carnicom, not every blood cell seems to be infected, at least in healthy
       people. But usually every microscope slide blood sample will contain some cells with
       signs of it.

If you aren’t already familiar with using a microscope and basic microscope techniques, Clifford
recommends The Microscope Book by Shar Levine.

Amazon.com link: http://tinyurl.com/6mkdjd



A couple of the larger science-oriented suppliers for microscope supplies—including slides, etc.:

      Science Kit at http://sciencekit.com/
      Edmund Scientific at http://scientificsonline.com/



OBJECTIVE 6: Capture High Quality Images of Samples
Tips

      Refer to a good introduction to microscope technique, such as the previously mentioned
       The Microscope Book by Levine.
      Samples should be adjustable on the microscope’s stage.
      It’s important to remember that light has to get through the sample in order to be able to
       really see it. The more transparent a sample is, the more can be seen. The higher the
       magnification power, the more light is required.
      You’ll need very fine focusing ability at these magnification levels, one reason why
       acquiring the best microscope you can is important.
      Experiment with imaging often.
      Spend some time in observing and become familiar with what you’re looking at.
      Proficiency comes over time, so having patience is also important.



Again, the more involved method—adapting a telescope’s ‘Barlow’ lens to the microscope, in
addition to using a CCD chip—gives the highest magnification power. Perhaps others will
undertake another instruction set for that project.



OBJECTIVE 7: Post and Forward Image Results



       a) Once you have imaged and photographed blood, air, and/or mouth samples, you can
       forward the images with relevant commentary to Mr. Carnicom [cec102@usa.com].

       He will consider post high quality photos of interest that are sent to him on his website:

       http://www.carnicom.com/contrails.htm



       b) Independent verifiers are also encouraged to create websites of their own with which
       to present their results, along with a link to this page for instructions on how to replicate
       the procedures used that obtained those results.



OBJECTIVE 8: “Name the Demon” and Work Together
a) Although this subject of mass infection is (understandably) a difficult subject for many,
“naming the demon”—concretely identifying a previously vague or nebulous threat—can
be very useful in engaging difficult-to-handle issues. This is because it defines the threat,
thus limiting its scope. In the case of Mr. Carnicom’s findings, “naming the demon” would
mean perceiving and describing the actual physical parameters of the strange infection-
causing agents and their activities. This knowledge will allow people to better understand
the situation as it actually exists so that they can then engage with it effectively and
ultimately overcome it.



b) This situation also might have a true ‘silver lining’ if it prods us to find effective
means by which we can work well together for the good of all of us, in spite of different
outlooks we might have on other matters. If Mr. Carnicom’s findings are fact, working
well together may be our only way through.
                         "MORGELLONS:"
                     THE WINE - PEROXIDE TEST
                                    Clifford E Carnicom
                                        Mar 09 2008
                                   Last Edit Mar 15 2008

I have no medical expertise and I claim none. I am not offering any medical advice or
diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am acting solely as an independent
researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological
conditions that are evident.

The following photographs are not pleasant to view and I would prefer to not have to
present them. The magnitude of the issue demands that the information be made available
to the general public. A method to remove at least a portion of the pathogenic forms that
have been reported extensively on this site has been established. The method involves the
use of red wine or a red wine-hydrogen peroxide mixture as an extended rinse for the
mouth. Please see additional cautionary notes for the use of hydrogen peroxide within this
report. Full and entire credit for the discovery of this method is to be given to Dr. Gwen
Scott, N.D. and the public has a call to be grateful for the many unselfish contributions that
she has made to the understanding of the "Morgellons" issue (please also see A Natural
Medicine Approach on this site).

The use of the term "Morgellons" is a dubious approach as the pathogenic forms first
discovered within a purported "Morgellons" subject are showing themselves to exist in
equal form within the general public. To date, no human being is excluded from the
findings of recent research through this site; hopefully exceptions to this case will soon be
found. Thus far, fourteen individuals across numerous state lines have subjected
themselves to the test method that is depicted on this paper. All fourteen produce and
manifest the same physical forms through the gums of the mouth and only the amount of
the material produced varies from individual to individual. The manifestation of skin
conditions characteristic of the so-called "Morgellons" condition is not required to produce
the result shown.

I state clearly again that the pathogenic forms under investigation are repeatedly showing
up in the general population, regardless of whether certain "skin anomalies" are present or
not. The pathogenic forms were, however, first discovered as a result of examination of
these same skin anomalies. The segregation of only certain individuals as having the
"Morgellons" condition is completely and totally false; the general population is involved
whether they would like to know of it or not. The pathogens found have now been
discovered repeatedly across all major body systems and functions, including skin, blood,
hair, saliva, dental(gum), digestive, ear and urinary samples.
Gum-dental samples collected after extended wine-hydrogen peroxide mixture rinses of the mouth (e.g.,
5 minutes each) and placed upon a glass slide for observation. Mouth brushed and cleaned to best degree
possible prior to the test. Material emanates from the gums of the mouth; this individual produces a
greater amount of material relative to other individuals. Foam appearance results from the peroxide.
Core material is composed essentially of the four pathogenic forms that have been extensively described
on this site(encasing filament, sub-micron filament network, Chlamydia-like structures and the "hybrid
form"). Samples have repeatedly observed at extreme visible microscopic examination, i.e.., 7000x and
they are generally consistent between various samples. One mixture that is under trial is 1/3 3%
hydrogen-peroxide mixed with 2/3 dark red wine (e.g.., merlot). Burgundy color results from stain of red
wine. Another alternative under investigation is to limit the exposure to hydrogen peroxide by swabbing
the teeth with peroxide prior to an extended rinse with red wine. Hydrogen peroxide is NOT to be taken
internally. Sensitivity and reactions to peroxide may be of concern and an issue to consider. NO
THERAPY OF ANY KIND IS BEING RECOMMENDED WITHIN THIS REPORT;
OBSERVATIONAL ANALYSIS ONLY IS BEING PROVIDED. Identical pathogenic forms have now
been found across most body systems and functions. The rinse test has in some cases been ongoing for 1-
2 months; there continues to production of some material in most every case. Microscopic examination
will be required for any final determination. On occasions, the test has been conducted several times in a
row (e.g.., 30-45 minute session of approx. 5 minutes each) with no cessation of material to date,
although the amount appears to eventually decrease. It appears that the production of material can be
correlated directly with the amount of time devoted to testing. The presence of the material also appears
to be associated with a ear-blockage condition in one case. Not all individuals produce this amount of
material and the sample may need to be examined very closely to determine if it exists; it usually appears
as fibrous or stringy if present. The individual providing this sample does not demonstrate any outwardly
visible "Morgellons" symptoms.
    A similar gum-dental sample after drying and evaporation of the wine-peroxide mixture.
  Solid materials remain which form the basis of one of many recent analyses through this site.




One portion of the sample above observed at extreme visible magnification under the microscope.
  Dental-gum expelled sample. Sample extracted with use of hydrogen peroxide-red wine mix.
                      (please refer to Pathogens & the General Population)
                Three pathogenic forms visible: bounding filament (black border),
          sub-micron interior filament network (blue arrows) and Chlamydia-like organisms(red circles).
                                          Magnification approx. 7000x.




Microscopic examination of another gum-dental sample expelled from a separate individual using the wine-peroxide
                                                     mixture.
   An encasing filament and the Chlamydia-like structures are visible. In this individual the hybrid form is more
                                                     common
                   within the bounding filament as opposed to the sub-micron filament network.
                                           Magnification approx. 5000x.

This method described above is not provided as a therapy or diagnosis of any kind; the
reaction is being described from an observational point of view. Individuals are to consult
with their own health practitioner for their health needs.

This website exists on a month-to-month contract. The existence of this website is not
guaranteed. There is no known independent off site copy of this website. The public should
preserve, protect and distribute the information on this site to their own level of confidence
and assurance. Additional revisions may follow. Please distribute this information as
rapidly and widely as is possible.

Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 09 2008



                             Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page
                  MORGELLONS:
       PATHOGENS & THE GENERAL POPULATION
                                   Clifford E Carnicom
                                        Mar 08 2008
                                   Last Edit Apr 09 2008

I have no medical expertise and I claim none. I am not offering any medical advice or
diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am acting solely as an independent
researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological
conditions that are evident.

There is increasing evidence that the general population may be affected by at least four
pathogenic forms. Any perception that only a small segment of the population is affected by
the so-called Morgellons condition may be quite false. Certain pathogenic forms are
repeatedly showing up in a majority of human biological samples that have been observed,
regardless of whether or not visible skin anomalies appear. The use of unusual skin
conditions as a defining criteria of the existence of the "Morgellons condition" appears to
be completely inadequate and it does not appear to encompass the severity, extent and
distribution of the pathogenic forms.

The pathogenic forms are as follows:

1. An encasing or encapsulating filament, often barely visible to the human eye. This
filament form often measures on the order of 12 to 20 microns in thickness. This bounding
filament form usually contains within it a network of sub-micron fibers that are generally
in parallel alignment with one another. This filament form has been found within airborne,
skin, saliva, gum(dental) and ear wax samples. It has also been observed within an
anomalous hair sample. It appears possible that the function of this particular form is to
deliver or encase a sub-network of additional pathogens of much smaller size. No natural
identity of this form has been established.

2. A network of sub-micron filament forms. These are usually encased within the bounding
filament referred to above. A human hair is on the order of 60-100 microns in diameter; an
asbestos fiber is on the order of 2 microns in thickness. This pathogenic form has
repeatedly been found within airborne, skin, saliva, ear wax and gum(dental samples). This
form has some morphological similarity to fungal forms (i.e., hyphae) but no suitable
match to any known species exists at this time. In addition, there is no match at this time to
a eukaryotic cell structure which is required for a match to fungus. A "budding", or
apparent growth structure composed of filaments of this same class has been identified on
skin borne biological samples. A method for the testing of chitin, usually present in the cell
walls of fungi, is to be established.1

3. A sub-micron spherical to oblate structure. The best size estimate for this form is
currently on the order of 0.5 - 0.7 microns. These structures can and often do occur in large
numbers within the biological samples. They have been found in isolation within the
bounding filament as well as in large concentrations within the bounding filament. The
have been found in combination with the sub-micron fibrous network within the bounding
filament. They have been found in airborne, skin, saliva, ear wax, gum(dental) and
anomalous hair samples. They have been found within a broad distribution of human
blood samples. They can and often do exist as an intracellular(within the cell) organism.
The damage to cellular integrity(i.e, erythrocytes, or red blood cells) appears to correspond
directly to the numbers present of the organism. The best assessment to date that can be
offered by this researcher is that of a Chlamydia-like(coccus) bacterial form, with special a
emphasis upon Chlamydia pneumoniae. The modification of conventional biological forms
or of pathogens to exotic levels should be strongly considered throughout this investigation,
in addition to the creation of new or unknown forms. The structure stains Gram-negative.

4. What is being called, for the time being, a "hybrid" form. This form has properties that
are somewhat in between the sub-micron Chlamydia-like form and the sub-micron
filament form. This form appears to be a state of transition between the two more defined
sub-micron forms. It has been found only in biological samples and not in airborne
samples. It occurs commonly within, but it is not restricted to, human blood samples and it
often is in association with the Chlamydia-like form. It is of generally filamentous form but
it is reduced in length compared to the sub-micron fibrous network that has been itemized.
Mycoplasma or Mycoplasma variations or modifications are one consideration within this
topic.

Readers will find numerous microphotographs of the mentioned forms on a series of
papers that have been recenly presented on this site, as well as in the examples presented
below. These pathogenic forms were first and originally identified within two subjects that
manifest visible "Morgellons" skin symptoms, and it may have been surmised that such
pathogens are restricted to that class of individuals.

The remainder of this paper will present evidence that visible skin anomalies are not a
suitable criteria to establish the existence of the so-called "Morgellons condition" and that
certain pathogenic forms may be repeating internally within a broad cross-section of the
general population. The results from four individuals will be presented. These individuals
were selected essentially at random and they possess NO VISIBLE SYMPTOMS that are
commonly being reported as characteristic of the "Morgellons condition". Every individual
that was tested in the manner of this report(gum-dental & blood) demonstrates the
existence of these pathogens within their body. The prevalence of the four [SEE NOTE
BELOW] pathogenic forms in all cases thus far appears to be indiscriminate as to age, sex,
or the general state of visible health for that matter. It appears that the "Morgellons
condition" has been defined primariily in terms of anomalous and visible skin conditions; it
is apparent that this restriction is artificial and essentially meaningless with respect to the
existence of the pathogenic forms described here. The only correlation that may be made
with visible symptoms appears to relate to the number or extent of pathogens that are
present in the body.

Put more bluntly, the general public may wish to become engaged in this issue.
The following is a set of microphotographs from individuals that do not display any visible
symptoms (i.e,, outwardly visible) of the so-called "Morgellons condition." These
photographs are at high magnification and they are at the limit of visible microscopy.




                Subject No. 1. Male subject aged 55 years. No visible "Morgellons"symptoms.
         Dental-gum expelled sample. Sample extracted with use of hydrogen peroxide-red wine mix.
              (please refer to Morgellons: A Natural Medicine Approach, by Gwen Scott N.D.)
                       Three pathogenic forms visible: bounding filament (black border),
        sub-micron interior filament network (blue arrows) and Chlamydia-like organisms(red circles).
                      These same pathogenic forms repeatedly found in an individual with
                 visible skin anomalies characteristic of the so-called "Morgellons" condition.
                                         Magnification approx. 7000x.
       Subject No. 1. Male subject aged 55 years. No visible "Morgellons"symptoms.
Dental-gum expelled sample. Sample extracted with use of hydrogen peroxide-red wine mix.
       Chlamydia-like organisms visible(red circle) and "hybrid" form(blue arrows).
              The Chlamydia-like organisms measure at approx. 0.5 microns.
                              Magnification approx. 7000x.




      Subject No. 1. Male subject aged 55 years. No visible "Morgellons"symptoms.
         Blood sample that has been subjected to the Gram stain process to identify bacterial forms.
Erythroctye(red blood cell)(green circle) cell structure is expected to and will deteriorate as a result of the stain
                                                     process.
                         Unstained erythrocytes measure on the order of 6-8 microns.
Chlamydia or Chlamydia-like organisms(red circle) are evident and more readily visible as a result of this stain
                                                     process.
They can, with careful observation, be observed to disrupt the topography or surface of unstained blood cells;
                   this is a further indication of the intracellular property of the organism.
                Chlamydia-like organisms measure on the order of approx. 0.5 - 0.7 microns.
                         Hybrid form also visible in this stained sample(blue arrows).
                           Organisms are intracellular, i.e, they exist within the cells.
                     Bacterial infections within the blood can be of grave consequence.
                                          Magnfiication approx. 7000x.




                                                 Subject No. 2
                                           Male, approx. 60 years.
                       Dental sample. Encasing filament and sub-micron fibrous network.
                                        Magnification approx. 7000x.
                                                Subject No. 2
Blood cells subjected to the Gram stain process. Blood cell structure is damaged as a part of the stain process
                        and the Chlamydia-like structures become visible as a result.
                                        Magnification approx. 7000x.




                                                Subject No. 3
                                              Female, 60 years.
     Dental sample. Encasing filament and sub-micron fibrous network.
                       Magnification approx. 7000x

                                      .




                                Subject No. 3
                              Female, 60 years.
Dental sample. Extensive collection of sub-micron Chlamyida-like structures..
                       Magnification approx. 7000x.
                                            Subject No. 4
                                      Female, approx. 60 years.
                             Dental sample. Sub-micron fibrous network.
                                    Magnification approx. 7000x.

Additional Notes:

Twenty-six, not four, individuals as a minimum have now subjected themselves to the
sampling method of this report. The sampling process now crosses numerous state lines,
including New Mexico, Colorado, North Carolina and Montana. Twenty-six of the twenty-
six subjects show the same pathogenic forms. The above photographs document only four
of the fourteen individual samples. Most of the individuals show no outwardly visible forms
of affliction. The only variance is in the amount of material that exists or is produced
within the body. Visible skin signs of the "Morgellons" condition are not a suitable criteria
to establish the existence of the pathogenic forms in the body. The evidence supports the
contention that the general health of the population has been seriously compromised by the
pathogenic forms under examination.

My time available for research and the presentation of the information remains limited.
This website exists on a month-to-month contract. The existence of this website is not
guaranteed. There is no known independent off site copy of this website. The public should
preserve, protect and distribute the information on this site to their own level of confidence
and assurance.

Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 13 2008
Edit Apr 09 2008
References:

1. Chemical Analysis for Chitin as a Measure of Fungal Infiltration of Cellulosic Materials.,
Army Mobility Equipment Research and Development Command, Fort Belvoir, Defense
Technical Information Center, Access No. ADA036986,
http://stinet.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADA036986



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                             MORGELLONS...
                        A Natural Medicine Approach
                     Posted by C.E. Carnicom on Behalf of the Author:
                                      Gwen Scott, N.D.
                                          Jan 27 2008
                                     Last Edit Feb 12 2008

Timing is everything, we are told, and now seems to be the time for some revelations.

Those of you who have watched Clifford Carnicom’s documentary on the aerosol
operations (Chemtrails) will know me. We have worked together for many years now,
trying very hard to unravel the purpose, content, and impact of what is being dumped into
our air supply every day. It should be realized that because these are very small particles,
they are systemic to your entire body in less than a minute. Think about that, seriously.

My interest is, primarily, finding natural medicines that can help ALL people mitigate the
devastating effects of a multi-leveled assault on human health. Mr.Carnicom has provided
immeasurable help in identifying contents so that I may design some natural medicine
protocols around them. And make no mistake, the contents can be changed at any time
without our knowledge or consent. In fact, I believe it has happened and will continue to
happen without accountability.

Before I continue a few legal issues need to be addressed. New Mexico and most other
states do not license Naturopathic Doctors. The law says I may educate you, but I cannot
diagnose illness, or prescribe any medications. With that in mind, I am going to recount my
own personal journey with Chemtrail implications as well as “Morgellons.” If any of the
information I present has meaning to you, please find an enlightened and competent health
care practitioner to work directly with you. Many natural medicines and drugs
(prescription and over the counter) do not interact very well, and in some cases, can cause
dangerous contraindications. It is imperative that you work closely with a professional you
trust and not try to “cowboy” your health circumstances. I give you permission to share
any and all information presented here with your health care practitioner so that he/she
may evaluate it in light of your own regimen and symptoms.

Also, it is important that you understand one of the founding principles of natural
medicine…Herring’s Law of Cure. This law presents that your body will rid itself of
anything unwanted (diseases, etc.) from top to bottom, from the inside to the outside, and
in the reverse order in which it entered your system. As you will see, much of the work on
my own body follows this law exactly.

I am presenting both empirical (personal observation) with scientific information. Many
thanks to Clifford Carnicom (hundreds of unpaid hours on his side), a research doctor, a
surgeon, a chemist, and many publications for the scientific information. Although I do not
have formal scientific training, I have read many books on human anatomy and physiology
(structure and function of the systems) as well as herbal remedies, and all other natural
modalities. I have also spent lots of hours looking into a microscope. I have a degree as a
Naturopathic Doctor from an accredited college. But again, this is a journal of my personal
experiences and not in any way to be understood as a “how to” remedy for the Chemtrail
maladies, including “Morgellons.”

I spoke of timing at the beginning. It is time to say I am the “Morgellons” person that Mr.
Carnicom used for many of his blood, skin, lung, and mouth samples. At the beginning of
this work, I was the only provider. Now with so many people willing to give him samples, I
know his work will continue. It is time for me to step forward.

I will get to what is being called “Morgellons” disease in just a minute. I must say, in my
opinion, it’s not really a disease in the traditional sense. It is not measles or mumps. It
doesn’t run a finite course nor is it exclusive to contact with other humans. What we are
looking at here is an inorganic fiber and other components delivered through the air
supply. In my opinion, what we are really looking at is a progressive “system” or
“syndrome” in which “Morgellons” is just the latest and most visible aspect.

My journey into this “syndrome” began over ten years ago. I felt “something” was in me
that didn’t belong…a gut feeling. I also noticed that my joints were aching more than they
should, I got tired easily, I was getting skins breakouts, and my digestion was “off.” I was
eating well (organics, free range meats, etc.) and exercising, yet I felt my vitality slipping. I
decided to begin a program of “wellness” without any idea where it would lead me.

I began by introducing herbs and herbal combinations that would address the full range of
pathogens that might be causing me problems…bacteria, virus, fungus, and parasite. I was
able to eliminate organic parasites at the beginning. That still left me with the other three.
So, I searched for and found one herbal combination that addressed all three. It is called
Deep Health by Herbs, Etc. I also made some bad or aggressive choices that were really
quite dangerous which I will not share. With this herbal extract I began to get sores all over
my head, but, mindful of Herring’s Law, I saw this as a good thing (top to bottom, in to
out) They were painful, numerous, volcano like, and produced scabs that were very itchy
and would not heal for weeks, months, and, in one case, two years. Of course, at the time, it
was before Chemtrail awareness, so I assumed something from earlier years was coming
out or some new disease I didn’t know was presenting (later I was to look at photos and see
the lines in the sky that I was unaware of at the time.)Those sores were exactly like the ones
I have today on my back, but I cannot tell you if there were fibers in the scabs. I strongly
suspect there were.

One thing that is very interesting. After my scalp finally healed my hair got thicker, the few
gray hairs I had fell out, replaced by much darker hair. Also, the texture of my hair
changed. Instead of straight, fine hair it became more coarse and wavy. I don’t know why
to this day, but I took it as a good sign. I have a client in Los Angeles who I began working
with about 8-months ago and he reports that his once gray eyebrows are now brown again.
He also says his once brown hair is growing in again…that he has brown roots in his white
hair. Again, I take this as a sign of renewed health.

I began to look at what was happening very carefully. Surely this was not a “normal” or
known situation (ten years ago.) I started to see a “network” under my skin that looked like
it might be fungal in nature. I contacted a good friend who is a research doctor to get his
opinion. Strangely enough, he and his research partner had been looking at live blood
samples under an atomic microscope and observed a fungus in EVERYBODY’S blood
sample, including his own (note: Mr. Carnicom is finding fibers and an unknown, perhaps
bacterial, form in everyone’s blood as well.) He was very upset because he said it looked
“altered” and was using very fine particulate metals as weapons against the immune
system. He said the fungus actually collected heavy metals and “stabbed” all immune
responders. It sounded so science fiction to me at the time. He told me that he had found a
great metal detoxification method using food grade diatomaceous earth that he took
everyday in distilled water (perma-guard.com.) He said about one tablespoon would work
for most adults. The FDA doesn’t give approval for taking diatomaceous earth internally in
humans, but we can give it to our cats, dogs, cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, etc. Most feed stores
carry it. The only known contraindication is if it is taken with food. It will not recognize
what metals are good for you (iron, trace copper, etc) and what ones are harmful. My
research doctor friend says it will bind up metals and carry them out of your body. I do
know this therapy is widely used in India (white earth,) especially by pregnant women. I
met the head medicine man of the Shoshone Indian People and he told me they have
historically used it to detoxify people. I also met an African American healer in Georgia
last year and he told me they’d been using it in his community for years, all the way back to
the days of slavery.

At this point in my journey I realized that I not only needed to get rid of any metals in my
system, but I needed to go on an aggressive anti-fungal diet with supporting herbs. I made
sure to eat LOTS of garlic, onions, etc. and I avoided ALL sugars. I drank Pau D’ Arco tea
daily and began to see some important results. I also found a wonderful anti-fungal herbal
combination that is no longer available, but Herbs, Etc. has a similar one called Yeast
ReLeaf. It should be said, I have no financial ties with any of the companies I mention in
this journal.

I continued to eat organics, drink distilled water, and eat, moderately, only free range
meats. And I began to notice some vitality returning with the anti-fungal focus. But, I also
knew that I was far from “clean.”

About eight years ago I became sadly aware of the Chemtrails. I was blessed to be
introduced to Clifford Carnicom, who at that time was a voice in the wilderness. He began
to share with me all of the data he was gathering and I began to see why it was so
important to get those metals out of the system. Recently, the National Institute for Health
in Washington, D.C. released a report on barium. The report linked barium “intoxication”
to M.S., ALS, and other diseases of “unknown” origins. The report also said that the
military sprayed barium in the air! That was certainly interesting to me. A good deal of
research is available linking aluminum to Alzheimer’s disease, especially when the
aluminum is combined with fluoride.

Also recently, an oncologist in Italy, Dr. Tullio Simoncini, says he believes cancer is really a
fungus. Many other doctors came out in support when he was attacked for presenting his
work. He is currently treating people with cancer with enormous success
(www.cancerfungus.com). I personally think he is on the right track and so does my
surgeon friend who tells me they are opening people up and finding them full of fungus.

He told me there are times they can’t even find the organs because they are “covered” with
fungus. I personally have not seen this, but this surgeon has years of experience and no
reason to mislead me. I think a strong anti-fungal diet is a great idea. There are many
books at the health store outlining them. I should say, most of the books are focused on
Candida Albicans, a common fungus and we may be looking at a different “breed” here,
but it’s a good start.

I have also found anti-fungal soaps of great help. The brand called Miracle II and its
companion Neutralizer have been invaluable in my healing process (www.miracle2.net).
Most health stores carry anti-fungal soaps, usually with Tea Tree Oil.

About three years ago, I began to get open, painful sores on my back…they remain to this
day. Old ones, in time, will close up and I will think I am finished, but new ones will
appear, sometimes overnight. This is the “Morgellons” aspect of my journey. It wasn’t until
Mr. Carnicom put the scar tissue under high magnification that the true nature of these
sores came to light. In every scar tissue they was at least one and sometimes many fibers.
Now I began to understand why the process was ongoing. I breathe…fibers are in the air
supply…body wants them out. So, I stand alone, at this time, with the following
theory…Morgellons is NOT a disease in the conventional sense. It is the body’s HEALTHY
response to an invader, or foreign matter, that does not belong. It seeks to push it out.

About one month ago my teeth started aching. It was slight at first and I really didn’t pay
attention. About 4am one morning I awoke with the most painful “tooth ache” I could
imagine. I tried every remedy I knew to no avail. I “talked to the kingdom” and got the
answer to rinse the tooth vigorously with red wine. I certainly wouldn’t have thought of
that. The results are on Mr. Carnicom’s web site. I continue to “pull” them out everyday
with the red wine therapy and, although not as many are coming out, I am still producing.
It would be an interesting test to run for yourself to see if you have fibers in your gums.
Many of my friends who do not have a single “Morgellons” symptom have done it and in
all cases fibers can be seen in the sink. Another interesting test is to take your temperature
(digital is the fastest) everyday. Everyone seems to be running lower than the 98.6 average.
Some of my clients are down in the 94-95 range.

We now know that combined with these fibers are a pathogen that has yet to be identified.
It appears to cause damage to the blood, consequently all body systems. I keep hoping that
someone with some expertise in this field will step up to the plate and help Mr. Carnicom
with his efforts. You know, if you breathe…or your children breathe…or your mother
breathes…time to understand that ALL humans are involved.

Another component that is also part of the “Morgellons syndrome” is a luminescent
material that some call plastic, others silicone. It comes out of the lungs, eyes, skin, and
mouth. My tears are very sticky, a recent development. The material “glows” under a
black light and is unknown in its properties. Also, its purpose is unknown as well. I do
know that it has somehow incorporated into what is leaving my body. It also contains the
unknown pathogen seen in the fibers.

I was interested to note that as I drove across the country recently, in three different states
a large “glob” of perfectly clear material hit my windshield (not a gift from the birds.)
When I tried to clean it off with my wipers it smeared and took many passes to finally
clear. I didn’t collect any samples, but it wouldn’t be surprising if this material coming out
of my body is one and the same.

Also of interest to me, on CNN Anderson Cooper presented a series called Planet In Peril
and one of the segments contained the results of a blood test he had taken. It was reported
that he had an unusually high amount of “plastic” in his blood…wonder if we all do.

I do know that a scientist named Marcel Vogel was experimenting with luminescent
materials and their uses in the 70’s (Secret Life of Plants.) He later went to work for IBM
and there are many patents with his name involving luminescent material. I was
particularly interested in the one involving Electro-luminescent materials, but couldn’t get
into the data.

Another curious phenomenon…EVERYBODY’S eyes I have examined under a black light
reveal that their pupils “glow” or are luminescent. Is this normal? Perhaps an expert can
tell me, as I remember black light parties in the 60’s and I personally don’t remember
pupils glowing.

Another interesting observation…after the sores finishing expelling blood with fibers, the
scar tissue becomes “plastic” which also contains the fibers.
One final note. There is a huge assault on all life forms taking place electro-magnetically.
The planet and all life on it evolved, together, with a common electro-magnetic field. We
know from Mr. Carnicom’s work that new frequencies of many levels are being introduced
into the atmosphere. How can this not affect us? We are electro-magnetic beings. Could
these new “waves” be causing the epidemics I see in depression (NBC reported that nearly
ONE-HALF of all Americans are taking anti-depressants,) sleep depravation, tinnitis (ear
ringing,) and memory loss? A physicist told me that some of these new frequencies
correspond to the same frequencies in the brain that control sleep, mood, and memory.
What “materials” are in our body that might respond to these frequencies as well? I
certainly don’t know, but it is worth considering when taking a holistic approach to
wellness.

FINAL OBSERVATIONS

So, as far as I can observe, we are dealing with a highly integrated “system,” not one
disease called “Morgellons.”

And, as I have indicated, it needs to be addressed on a number of levels…heavy metals,
fungus, diet, etc. I know you cannot hope to heal eating processed, denatured, chemically
rich foods. It has been suggested that perhaps some of what we are looking at here actually
comes into us through our food supply. I don’t know. Consider what you put in your
mouth very carefully…does it heal or harm? If you are serious about being well during
these times, you really have to look at your diet. “Food is your remedy, your remedy is
food” Hippocrates.

Fungus is a major player…so are fibers, a bacterial form (mycoplasma, etc) and
luminescent materials. There might be others as yet unseen. A research doctor is sure we
also have nano-technology in there as well. Although I haven’t observed any in the blood
samples, I wouldn’t be surprised. Many of the national labs are spending a lot of money
and research on nano-tecnology. Some of the titles of the studies are very unnerving.

I have another observation based purely on my own physical experience. The more I rid
my body of these unwanted materials, the more people tell me that I am looking younger.
My hair is thick…I have lost about 10-pounds that I simply couldn’t get rid of…they just
feel off and I am returned to my “normal” weight. My eyesight has improved
dramatically…20-250 to 20-150 in a year and the process continues. Many of the “age”
lines on my face have disappeared and my previously achy joints don’t bother me at all.
Could it be that these materials are designed to age us rapidly? I have heard lots of people
talking lately about how their friends and family members are getting old quickly. I have
noticed it myself. Could the agenda presented years ago to thin the population be in full
swing (read “….and the truth shall set you free by David Icke.) It seems like it to me.

A final word to anyone involved in spraying our skies…even if you think you are doing
something good for the citizens of the world…you are not. And if you and those you love
breathe…well then, someone has mislead you. I believe in time we will find that
EVERYONE has “Morgellons” syndrome. That EVERYONE, whether they are presenting
sores or not, is carrying fibers, fungus, luminescent material, etc. Mr. Carnicom’s most
recent work would certainly lead us in that direction.

Again, work with a professional who understands and has the expertise to help you
towards wellness.

I will update this journal with new information as it appears.

Stand in The Light

Blessings and Good Health

Gwen Scott, N.D.



Update

Gwen Scott, N.D.

Many thanks to the gentleman with scientific information who contacted me regarding my
paper.

He told me that black lights have “short” or “long” waves. He said the short wave type is
harmful to the eyes if a person looks into it for a period of time. He also told me it should be
labeled either “short” or “long” wave on the tube. So, if you are going to look into your
eyes, or use the black light on another person, please make sure it is a “long” wave light.

Another point from this gentleman…he said I really should be using the term “fluorescent”
instead of “luminescent” when describing the material that glows. As it seems to reflect,
rather than generate light, I think it makes sense.

I thank everyone for the feedback and look forward to some more scientific input. I know
Mr. Carnicom has been waiting for help on his end as well.

I would like to emphasize again that Herring’s Law of Cure is very important in this
process of clearing the body of unwanted “debris.” Once again, be thankful if your body
has the health and strength to push fibers, “plastic,” and other unwanted invaders out of
you. We have been trained to believe that any “outbreak” should be immediately
suppressed. In natural medicine the opposite holds true. We see this process as a sign of a
healthy immune system and strong “chi.”

Finally, a few years ago I wrote a general paper for this site with specific suggestions for
mitigating “Chemtrail” sickness. Although new information and scientific findings have
come to light, the presentation could still be of help to you (Natural Medicine For These
Times.)
“Get Onboard“ Dorothy Love Coats Gospel Singer

Many Blessings and Good Health


February 9, 2008…Quick Update

I discovered this morning that combining a few therapies can increase the productivity of
the wine/teeth therapy quite a bit.

For a few years now I have taken three to four Q-tips soaked in hydrogen peroxide and
gone around the area where my teeth meet the gums. I follow this with flossing and rinsing
with the Miracle II Neutralizer. Today I immediately followed that therapy with the
vigorous swishing of red wine and was astounded at the rate of production. The amount of
material (fibers) expelled was at least four to five times more than I get using the wine
therapy separately. You might want to give it a try.

Many Blessings

Gwen Scott, N.D.


[Editor's Note: A major portion of the recent research on the Morgellons issue has been
made possible through the kindness, generosity and the unselfish contributions from Gwen
Scott, N.D. Eternal gratitude is extended to her for the help and assistance that she has
offered to the public and to you. We continue to do the best that we can with the means and
resources that are available to us. CEC]



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                              MORGELLONS:
                           5th, 6th & 7th MATCH
                                   Clifford E Carnicom
                                        Jan 21 2008

There are now seven different samples(6 human, 1 airborne) that are showing the same
basic apparent pathogenic forms. The seven sample types are:
1. Airborne fiber (The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency refuses to identify this
sample.)
2. Skin fibers (subject manifests visible Morgellons symptoms)
3. Blood samples (the vast majority of samples observed, regardless of manifiest
Morgellons symptoms)
4. A gum-dental fibrous expulsion from an individual that manifests visible Morgellons
symptoms)
5. A gum-dental infection sample from an individual that does not outwardly manifest
Morgellons symptoms.
6. A gum-dental fibrous sample from an individual that does not outwardly manifest
Morgellons symptoms.
7. A saliva sample from an individual that does visibly manifest the Morgellon symptoms.

I state again that I offer no medical advice or diagnosis of the conditions that are being
reported here. I have no medical expertise and I claim none. I am offering a series of
observations and analyses from the standpoint of independent research.

The pathogenic forms appear to be demonstrating across all age groups and they are not
restricted to subjects that visibly manifest the symptoms of Morgellons. In other words, the
pathogenic forms appear to be dispersed through a broad cross-section of the individuals
that have offered samples for observation and study. The prevalence and degree of the
anomalies do appear to correspond to the visible manifestation of the Morgellons condition.
There are three basic forms that continue to repeat(formerly two identified). These are:

1. The sub-micron spherical or oblate structure referred to repeatedly in recent papers.
The best assessment that I can offer to date about the nature of these organisms centers on
Chlamydia or Chlamydia-like bacterial organisms, with a special emphasis upon
Chlamydia pneumoniae.

2. The filament form is also referenced repeatedly on this site. The filament is composed of
two primary aspects: an encasing filament and a sub-micron internal fibrous network. One
logical interpretation of this form is that of a delivery mechanism, since it is repeatedly
shown to encase the three primary forms that have been observed.

3. The third form repeats itself sufficiently to warrant description. This form appears to be
a morph of the previous two; i.e., it shares both the oblate and the filament characteristics
mentioned above. The closest match that I can provide to date on this variation centers on
certain forms of mycoplasma that have been researched. For the time being, this will be
referred to as the hybrid form.



The 5th Match:

The individual presented here has had a persistent dental-gum condition for several years.
This individual does not outwardly manifest the Morgellons condition. The problem was
first identified in December of 2003 with the extraction of a fibrous network from within
the gum. Subsequent attention to the problem resulted in the disturbance moving from one
portion of the gum to another over a period of several months. A phototropic response with
the use of laser light was also reported. Eventually the afflicted region became stationary
but increasingly difficult to access as the pain resides deep within the gum. Prior to this
report, microscopic magnification has not been sufficient to reveal the underlying
structures within the affected region. It will be observed that the basic structural form
within the gum sample is visibly and metrically identical to that reported in numerous
recent reports on this site.

The assessment that is to be made at the end of the fifth match observation set is as follows:

An individual that does not outwardly manifest the Morgellon' symptoms can, with
sufficient internal testing, demonstrate the internal Morgellons symptoms of blood
disturbance and Chlamydia-like form.




                    Gum-dental infectious sample subjected to the Gram stain process
                        Chylamidia-like structures measure at the sub-micron level..
                  This individual does not outwardly manifest the Morgellons symptoms.
                                       Magnification approx 7000x.
The initial stages of transformation to the hybrid form. Both oblate and fibrous forms are visible.
                Gum-dental infectious sample subjected to the Gram stain process.
              This individual does not outwardly manifest the Morgellons symptoms
                                   Magnification approx 7000x.




             Gum-dental infectious sample subjected to the Gram stain process.|
      The hybrid state is visible here, characterized by a transition to a more fibrous form.
                 Similarity to mycoplasma forms is worthy of consideration.
                      This individual does not outwardly manifest the Morgellons symptoms
                                           Magnification approx 7000x.




         Blood cells of this same affected individual that have been subjected to the Gram stain process.
(Gram stain process is expected to damage the blood cell integrity in addition to revealing gram-sensitive bacterial
                                                        forms)
                            Numerous intracellular structures visible (Chlamydia-like).
                       Hybrid form also visible(mycoplasma-like also under consideration).
                                 Equivalence of form to dental sample is apparent.
       This individual does not outwardly manifest the Morgellons symptom, but bears a blood condition
      that appears identical to that of an individual that DOES visibly manifest the Morgellons symptoms.
                                            Magnification approx 7000x.

The 6th Match:

The individual here is the same as that described for the 5th match (Chlamydia like
structures). The individual does not outwardly manifest the Morgellons symptoms. A more
detailed examination of the gum-dental sample DOES reveal the presence of anomalous
fibrous forms. What is unique in this case is that the filament, as opposed to encasing a sub-
micron fibrous network, instead encases the Chlamydia-like organisms. This demonstrates
the real possibility that morphing between all three reported forms is frequently taking
place.

The assessmentthat is to be made at the end of the 6th match observation set is as follows:

An individual that does not outwardly manifest the Morgellons symptoms can, with
sufficient internal testing, demonstrate the Morgellons symptoms of anomalous fibrous
form.
    The same subject demonstrates an anomalous fibrous form within the gum-dental infectious sample.
                    This individual does not outwardly manifest the Morgellons symptoms.
Internal testing does, however, reveal identical blood distrubances, Chlamydia-like form(red arrows) and the
                                            anomalous fibrous form
                to that showing in an individual that DOES exhibit the Morgellons symptoms.
  Outward appearance, therefore, appearsinsufficient to identify the existence of the Morgellons condition.
                                         Magnification approx 2500x.




                 Another anomalous fibrous form within the infectious gum-dental sample
                      Notice the unsual budding forms as referenced in previous work.
            Note the congregation of Chlamydia-like organisms on the bud structure(red arrows)..
                   This individual does not outwardly manifest the Morgellons symptoms.
                                        Magnification approx 2500x.

The 7th Match:

This individual manifests the Morgellons symptoms in pronounced fashion. What follows
are microphotographs of the"saliva"of that individual. This individual has long declared
that this mucus is highly abnormal and that it reactsto ultraviolet radiation. It is to be
mentioned that the sample from the individual was extraordinarily viscous and thick, and
that it required "cutting with scissors" to extract a suitable sample for the slide. The mucus
was allowed to dry on the slide prior to photographing.

The assessment at this stage of analysis is:

The detected Chlamydia-like structures, filamentous and hybrid forms are being detected
across major systems of the human body, including circulatory, digestive and skin. An
airborne source of similar form and size has been identified. The repeated detection of
airborne dessicated erthroycte forms and subsequent extraordinary culture results must be
considered in relationship to the anomalous blood conditions that are being observed on a
widespread basis. It may be appropriate to investigate the filamentous form as an
encapsulating, transporting, extension or delivery system of chlamydia-like and
mycoplasma-like organisms. The pathogenic forms may be distributed across major
segments of the general population.

The response of the Centers for Disease control and of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency has been and continues to be completely inapproriate and inadequate. The
citizenry should not follow the scheduled restrictive and containing "response" by the
CDC; the public should dictate the course along with the schedule of demands and their
own expectations of progress and scope. It is not advisable to wait another year for a
"preliminary" report. Any role of the military, including the participation of the Armed
Forces Institute of Pathology, is to questioned as to its impartiality and intent in any
investigation. The public interest remains to be served.
At relatively "low" magnification, the"saliva"appears to have a crystalline or dendritic form.
               This individual does visibly manifest the Morgellons symptoms.
                                 Magnification approx 700x.




        At high magnification, the dendritic forms take on increasing complex form.
              This individual does visibly manifest the Morgellons symptoms.
                                Magnification approx 2500x.
At the highest magnification available, considerable internal structure is again apparent.
           This individual does visibly manifest the Morgellons symptoms.
Identical Chlamydia-like forms are now found within the "saliva" sample(red arrows).
   This expands the detection of similar organisms and growth across major systems
                 of the body, including circulation, digestion and skin.
            A potential airborne source of the structures has been identified.
                              Magnification approx 7000x.




                 The hybrid form is visible within the "mucus" sample.
                       This individual does visibly manifest the Morgellons symptoms.
                                        Magnification approx 7000x.




     Both Chlamydia-like structures and the hybrid forms are visible within the mucus sample at sufficient
                                               magnification.
                      This individual does visibly manifest the Morgellons symptoms.
                                        Magnification approx 7000x.\

Clifford E Carnicom
January 21, 2008



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                          AND NOW OUR CHILDREN
                                          Clifford E Carnicom
                                               Jan 11 2008

Observation of blood samples from numerous individuals has intensified over the past
couple of weeks. A more detailed analysis of the anomalies first reported in the paper Blood
Testing has taken place and it is continuing. In the interest of full and rapid disclosure of
research underway, this paper reports the following:
1. A preliminary assessment as to the nature of one of two primary structural forms within
the blood anomalies has been reached. This effort has been necessary due to the failures of
the Centers for Disease Control, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the
professional medical communities at large. The assessment is not final by any means, but
due to its importance as an avenue for immediate investigation it is to be released. I am not
offering or providing any medical advice or opinion in this report. I have no medical
expertise and I claim none. Information provided here comes strictly from the position of
analysis and observation. The assessment is that Chlamydiae or Chlamydiae-like
organisms should be considered as a leading candidate for investigation in the Morgellon's
pursuit as well as in the investigation of the aerosol operations. A more detailed analysis of
the rationale behind that assessment will be provided in another paper, Agents of Infection
as time and circumstance permit.

2. The vast majority of all blood samples observed(if not all) are showing various degrees of
anomalous form. The degree of damage to cellular integrity and form appears to
correspond directly to the number of anomalous structures that are found within any
individual sample.

3. The anomalies in a variety of blood samples have transcended the age factor, and they
have now also been observed in the same fashion and form within the blood of a nine year
old child.

In brief, the method of assessment is as follows:

1. The organism involved must measure on the order of sub-micron, generally on the order
of 0.5 to 0.7 microns.

2. The organism is an intra-cellular organism, and can exist within human red blood cells
(erythrocytes).

3. The organism is likely to be associated with respiratory conditions and is circulated by
aerosol means.

4. The organism is spherical to oblate, but can can exist in more than one form
(pleomorphic).

5. Gram stain procedures applied to the blood samples should produce a gram-negative
result.

6. The same form, at least by inspection and measurement, should in general be present in
diverse Morgellon physical samples, the airborne fibers under long term investigation(EPA
refused) and the blood of Morgellon individuals. The general population may also
demonstrate a marked presence of the pathogen.

7. The illnesses that are associated with the Chlamydiae genus should correlate with
increasing and pervasive ailments and diseases.
8. Recorded observations of the pathogen must match the accumulated observations of this
researcher.

Considerable attention has been given to the consideration of alternative explanations, such
as blood platelet imbalances, conventional bacterial and fungal forms; contradictions to
one or more of the above conditions occur during those analyses. Although all pathogens
remain under consideration a focus on Chlamydia-like groups is in place. The Chlamydiae-
like group(with a special interest in Chlamydia pneumoniae) satisfies the above conditions
to the degree that is understood. Again, this assessment is not intended to be final, but it is
offered as the best assessment by this resarcher to date. It is not unexpected that
modification of a Chlamydia group could take place(e.g., mycoplasma combinations). In
addition, the relationships to the second structural form(sub-micron filament network and
bounding filaments) will need to be provided.




           One of the more normal appearing regions of red blood cells from a nine-year old child.
                                      Magnification approx. 7000x
      Anomalous region of blood cells of nine year old child prior to the gram stain process.
       Cellular integrity damage is apparent. If cellular variation is extensive in the sample,
    sub-micron structures are often visible(blue arrows) without any staining process involved.
Degree of cellular damage appears to correspond directly to the number of chlamydia-like structures
                        within, in contact with or adjacent to the blood cells.
                   Numerous "double"-erthyrocte forms observed in this sample.
                                    Magnification approx. 7000x..
                         Red blood cell of nine year old child after the gram stain process;
           visible examination of slide appears to show the gram negative process as highly dominant.
              Area within circle encloses erthyrocte(red blood cell) boundary prior to stain process.
                        Blood cell structure is damaged during the stain process(expected).
  Certain bacterial types or bacterial-like types(blue arrows) remain and are emphasized after the stain process.
          The intra-cellular (chylamidia-like) structures measure approx. 0.5 - 1.0 microns in diameter.
                         Due to morphological variation across various samples observed,
           crossovers with mycoplasma forms (also pleopmorphic) remain under strong consideration.
                                            Magnification approx. 7000x.




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                                      MORGELLONS:
                                    A FOURTH MATCH
                                           Clifford E Carnicom
                                                Jan 01 2008

An individual with Morgellons symptoms has recently expelled a massive volume of fibrous
material from the gums of the mouth. This individual is the same as that reported in the
paper Morgellons Morphology Confirmed. The experience up to and including the event
was extremely painful to the subject.

The nature of the fibers, upon very high magnification, reveal themselves to be identical in
size, structure and form to the skin fibers that are documented in detail on the paper
referenced above.

This now brings to four the number of samples from entirely different mediums and
environments that are showing similar to identical morphology. These include the airborne
fiber as refused by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the skin fibers as manifest
with the Morgellon's individual, the blood sample of the Morgellon's individual and the
dental sample from this latest event.

The fact that such widespread diversity in environment and conditions is producing these
samples of remarkable similarity demonstrates the magnitude of the Morgellons and
aerosol issues. It remains an open question as to what level of reporting is required to
motivate the general citizenry to act upon these topics.




   A small portion of the original dental material as expelled from the gums of the individual with Morgellons
                                                     symptoms.
                     Arrows point to instances of what APPEAR to be individual filaments
             (actually composed of innumerable sub-filaments at the micron to sub-micron level).
                       Sample expelled into kitchen sink; red coloration results from wine
                                which was found to be useful as an extraction fluid.
                Extreme dental pain encountered by the individual prior to the expulsion process.
  More moderate, but still severe, pain continued during the expulsion process which occurred over several days.
                                             Magnification approx.5x.
    Another segment of the dental filament sample expelled from the gums of the individual.
                 Arrows point to additional instances of isolated filamenents.
             Darker and more extensive masses are comprised of filament masses.
                                  Magnification approx. 10x.




                     The dental filament sample at extreme magnification.
What is enclosed between the black boundaries is what appears to the eye to be a single filament.
                        Internal network of micron to sub-micron filaments becomes evident.
   Notice that this dental sample is remarkably similar in form, size & shape to airborne, skin & blood samples
                      previously reported on Morgellons: Airborne, Skin & Blood - A Match
                  Blue arrows point to individual sub-micron fibers within the enclosing filament.
                         Black bars point to general exterior boundary of enclosing filament.
   Notice interior circular/sphericals structures within (red arrows) as also previously reported on other medium
                                                       samples.
                                             Magnification approx. 7000x.




          Large internal network of sub-micron structures within dental filament sample that have been
           repeatedly observed across a variety of medium samples (airborne, skin, blood and dental).
                       Please refer to additional reports that have recently been published.
                                     Red arrows point to individual instances.
            One of the two basic forms (sub-micron filament & sub-micron circular/spherical entity)
                            that requires identification. Magnification approx. 7000x.




Additional notes:

Readers may also wish to familiarize themselves with the report entitled, Morgellons:
Airborne, Skin & Blood - A Match on this site. It may be beneficial to be aware of the
additional reports : Morgellons : First Observations, Morgellons Morphology Confirmed and
Blood Testing. It may also be of interest to recall an earlier report filed in December of 2003
entitled, Unusual Medical Finding. There may or may not be a relationship between the
December 2003 event and the current affliction of this report. The latter report has
historically received some attention from those that chose to attempt to discredit the
aerosol and Morgellons issues. It was often stated that the subject(i.e., this researcher) self-
inflicted unnecessary pain during that fiber removal process. It is fair to say that that the
amount of pain incurred in the pre-emptive 2003 event was quite minor relative to what the
subject of this current report endured. People may wish to keep that fact in mind as the
magnitude of the Morgellon's issue is more fully understood.

There are some additional aspects to the December 2003 event involving laser phototropic
response and persistence of condition that may eventually become relevant and require
further elaboration.

The identical morphology between the dental filaments of this report and the skin filaments
of recent report appears to remove any consideration of actinomycosis consideration in this
event. Actinomycosis remains one of many considerations of the 2003 event.

Readers may also wish to begin recalling a paper entitled Extraordinary Biological
Observations, dated May 02, 2004.



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                            MORGELLONS:
                         AGENTS OF INFECTION
                                    Clifford E Carnicom
                                         Jan 01 2008

Several important papers have recently been published that demonstrate the potential for a
public health crisis. There is a need, which has been called for, to immediately identify at
least two structural forms which have been repeatedly observed and reported on. These
forms are crossing airborne and biological lines and they have now been observed in
airborne, skin, dental and blood samples.

I am not aware of any public or professional comment or dialogue on the reports that have
been filed in recent weeks, or of any response to the originating August 2006 paper entitled
Morgellons : First Observations.

I have not been contacted by the Centers for Disease Control for any specifics on the
reports. I have not been contacted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for
additional information, even though one of the samples under investigation is the very
same airborne sample that they refused to identify several years ago. These agencies have
failed in serving the public welfare for many years now. No public or private health official
or professional, to my knowledge, has provided any signficant feedback on the many
questions that have been raised with the similarity of these samples. The ruse of foisting an
assessment of "delusion" in direct contradiction to physical sampling has run its course
and is no longer operable. The situation remains completely and totally inexcusable at all
levels, public and private.

As a consequence, I am forced to attempt identification as best as is possible with the
limited resources that I have. This is an incomplete process and it is unlikely to ever be
resolved with these limitations. I will provide what I can to date; research continues as time
provides. The public will eventually be required to force the call to completion.

I am not offering any medical position, advice or diagnosis in the presentation of this
information, nor will I. I have no medical expertise and I claim none. I will provide
observations, analysis and assessment from the standpoint of an independent researcher to
the most capable fashion that I can. The appeal for public and professional involvement
remains standing as it has for many years now.

There are those that claim exotic technologies (nanotechnology, artificial intelligence, etc.)
are at work in the Morgellon's issue. This may very well be true and is not unexpected in
any way. However, there are some basic matters that need to be attended to. With the
observations and analysis that have surfaced from this researcher of late, there is a
hierachy of investigation that needs to be pursued. It is:

1 Conventional scientific expertise should be applied to the problem of identification of
these two forms. This includes, but is not limited to, the professions of biology,
microbiology, chemistry, pathology, health and medicine.

2. Modified or unconventional biological forms or interaction are then reasonable to
consider.

3. Artificial, exotic and unfamiliar technologies could be explored for any relationship to
unexplainable events or circumstances.

Each of these must be dealt with in due order. If any individual is going to jump to number
three on this list, they are going to have offer the proof in a visible, direct or comprehensive
manner; even nanotechnology is quite visible with the right equipment and will require
demonstration if it is involved. It will also need to be explained how numbers one and two
have failed in the consideration. It is not wise to concentrate on what we cannot see or do
not have access to until we have dealt with what we can see and what we do have access to.
In addition, the profit motive must be excluded from the pusuit of truth on this matter.

As such, I will commence with item one of this list and I shall exhaust it to the maximum
degree possible before moving on. It would seem to me that there is already "plenty of
explaining" to do on level one with the information that is currently available through
direct observation alone.

Now for more specifics. There are two forms that require immediate identification as to
their physical nature, function and purpose. The first of these is a sub-micron repeating
filament that is enclosed within a larger bounding filament. The sub-micron filaments can
only be seen with fairly advanced microscopy; the bounding filament is visible to the naked
eye in many cases. The second form is a circular, spherical or oblate structure that also is
measuring at the micron to sub-micron level. The best estimate for the size of this structure
is currently on the order of 0.5 to 0.7 microns. Size, as will be seen, is a very important
factor in any identification process. If and when level one has been applied to identify these
structural forms and when it has convincingly failed it will be appropriate to advance to
levels two and three.

A few general principles will he helpful to set the stage for the discussion to follow:

Agents of infectious disease can include the following floral forms: bacteria, fungi, viruses,
parasites, prions, rickettsiae, and chlamydiae1 . These will each be examined individually
with respect to the two structural forms. The discussion will eventually focus on the blood
samples, as they are becoming especially problematic to explain or account for. The blood
itself is generally to be regarded as a "sterile environment"2, and pathogens of any kind in
the blood are not to be expected and represent a very serious health concern. No non-
pathogenic forms of the flora listed above are to be found in the blood.3 Therefore, if we do
find any of the forms above in the blood, they are to regarded as pathogenic and
consequently of serious health concern.

Let us begin with the filament form, as the discussion is more limited based upon what can
be observed with available equipment. What is known is this: The visible form is that of a
"bounding filament". The diameter of the bounding filament generally ranges from 20-40
microns in thickness. The bounding filament hasbeen identified in the airbone, skin and
dental samples; it has not been demonstrated absolutely within the blood samples. A
filamentous form has been observed in the blood sample from the Morgellon's individual
(Blood Testing, Laser, Morgellons & Fungus(?)), but only to a general level and not at the
magnification level that will eventually be required. Within the airborne, dental and skin
fiber samples, a distinguishing feature is an "internal network" of filaments that are sub-
micron in diameter. The best measurement attained thus far is on the order of 0.7
microns(a human hair is approximately 60-100 microns thick).

A first approach is to ask whether or not the bounding or the primary filament forms can
conceivably be any of the floral forms listed above. If not, we can reasonably elevate the
investigation to stage two of the hierarchy. We can likely eliminate viruses in this
consideration because they are not generally visible with the available equipment. Viruses
are generally on the order of .01 to .10 microns; and this is beneath the range of current
consideration. The largest virus identified, Mimivirus virion, measures 0.4 microns; and
although this is in range of the the equipment available, there is structually no similiarity. 4
The size of the bounding filament realistically further eliminates the virus consideration;
we will eventually have to consider the joint existence of the bounding filament as well as
the internal filament network during the identification process.

Parasites are of eukaryotic and of worm form. The size criteria alone is generally going to
eliminate any know parasitic forms. Eukaryotic forms, such as protozoa, are on the order
of 10 microns to 100 microns in size. If we were dealing with the bounding filament from
alone, we might morel seriously examine known parasitic forms. However, the internal
sub-micron filament network excludes the eukaryotic cell forms based upon size alone. In
addition, there has yet to be any identification of internal cell organelles or structure
characteristic of eukaryotic form. At this point, we can therefore not attach any known
parasitic identity to the bounding-internal network filamentous form.

                               THIS PAGE IS IN PROGRESS;

 THE WORK ON THIS PAPER WILL CONTINUE AS TIME AND CIRCUMSTANCES
                             PERMIT.

References:

1. C. Porth, Pathophysiology, Concepts of Altered Health States, 6th Edition (Lippincott, 2002, p
310)
2. W. Strohl, Microbiology (Lippincott, 2001, p7)
3. Porth, 310.
4. Mimivirus (largest known virus), http://www.rkm.com.au/VIRUS/MIMIVIRUS/index.html



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                       MORGELLONS:
              AIRBORNE, SKIN & BLOOD - A MATCH
                                     Clifford E Carnicom
                                          Dec 10 2007

It appears as though a link has been established between three issues of research over the
last decade. These three issues include:

1. The detailed observation of unusual airborne filament samples that the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency has refused to identify over a period of many years.
2. The morphology, or structure, of unusual filaments that are characteristic of the
MORGELLONS' condition.
3. The recent discovery of anomalies in a series of observations of human blood samples,
one of which is from an individual that manifests advanced symptoms of the
MORGELLONS' condition.
This research remains at an early stage of investigation. The work will be presented
without delay because of the implications should these discoveries prove to be accurate.

The finding here is that there is essentially identical form, size and structure between the
airborne filament samples that have been reported on extensively over the years in
connection with the aerosol operations, the morphology of at least one characteristic
Morgellon's fiber and with a series of blood anomalies that have recently been documented.
There are now major considerations before us because of this.

The work here will follow this progression:

1. High magnification images of a representative Morgellon's fiber will be presented.
2. High magnification images of blood anomalies are to be discussed.
3. High magnification images of the original airborne filament sample that was sent to the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency several years ago with a request for identification
and analysis on behalf of the public interest and welfare. The EPA refused to identify that
sample.

It is fair to say that there may be enormous implications ahead of us from this information
on this page. The reader may benefit if time can be devoted to investigate the history of
these issues as they have been reported on this site(and others) over the years.



                               CATEGORY ONE:
                        MORGELLONS FIBER - SKIN SAMPLES

An adequate basis for interpreting the following photographs can be formed by reviewing
at least two additional papers on this site, entitled : Morgellons : First Observations, and of
recent issue, Morgellon's Morphology Confirmed. The salient points from those articles are
as follows:

At least one characteristic fiber form from the Morgellon's condition contains within it a
rather remarkable and extensive sub-micron fibrous network. What appears to be a single
fiber in reality is composed internally of a complex network of fibers that is difficult to
envision without sophisticated microscopy equipment available. A human hair is on the
order of 60 to 100 microns in thickness; these photographs show a network that exists at
the sub-micron range. The resolution of the equipment that I have developed and modified
is on the order of 0.5 microns, or 500 nanometers; conventional visible microscopy
normally peaks out at approximately two microns. Photographs at this level of
magnification (2500-5000+) are difficult to acquire. These photographs, although limited
by the available equipment, are nevertheless quite revealing.
                       Magnification of Morgellon's fiber; approximately 5600x.
                            Notice internal filament structure within the fiber.
                Width of the internal fibrous structure is at the micron or sub-micron level

Second, the appearance of a generally spherical micron to sub-micron sized structure is
also a discovery during the first Morgellon's related microscopy session of August 2006.
This shows up clearly in the following microphotograph, and the structures are within the
boundaries or confines of the encasing filament.
                          Magnification of Morgellon's fiber; approximately 5600x.
                                Notice internal generally circular structures.
                           Strongly indicative of a biological nature at this point.
              These structures measure on the order of 1 micron (viral-bacterial size threshold).
                Complex internal nature of the original Morgellon's sample fiber is evident.

The purpose of the August 2006 work was simply visual examination motivated by a dearth
of information over a period of several years. This deficiency extended to include all public
service and governmental health agencies, as well as non-profit organizations that
purported to serve the public welfare. Attempts at foisting a diagnosis of delusion
eventually capitulated to the mounting evidence and widespread onset and distribution of
the Morgellon's condition. Further details on the assessments as of August 2006 are
available by reading the referenced paper, Morgellons: First Observations as mentioned
previously.



                                          CATEGORY TWO:
                                          BLOOD SAMPLES

This second category is an elaboration of work recently presented in the paper entitled
BloodTesting : Lasers, Blood & Fungus(?). In this recent addition, the anomalies that were
documented in that report are magnified further, and the difference is significant. This set
comprises four microphotographs. The first two microphotographs are from the blood of
the individual with advanced manifestations of the Morgellon's condition. The focus here is
on those structures that were identified in the earlier paper as being "what appears to be a
fibrous ring like structure..."; the increased magnification further confirms that original
supposition. There was also an allusion to a fungal form(or modified fungus) for further
research; this suggestion remains in force. The important discovery from this examination
is twofold:

1. There appears to a remarkable coincidence of form and similarity between the internal
structure of the Morgellon's skin fiber and the anomalous form in the blood of the same
individual.

2. In addition, the spherical or circular micron to sub-micron structure is again repeating
itself within the invasive structure. Both the fiber network and the smaller internal
structures are emphasized with the arrows shown on the photograph.

The conclusion at this stage is that there appears to be a remarkable similarity, and quite
likely origin, between the manifestations of the fibrous network within both the blood and
the skin of the Morgellon's individual. It would seem reasonable to me that the blood of the
Morgellon's individuals should now obviously become a focal point of further research on
the condition.




                   Anomalous form within the blood of a Morgellon's affected individual.
                                    Magnification approximately 2500x.
                         Sub micron network of fibrous structure becomes apparent.
                                  Embedded spherical/circular structures.
                          Remarkable similarity in basic form and structure to the
                internal morphology of the skin fiber from the same Morgellon's individual.
           Blood of the Morgellon's individual becomes a focal point of investigation at this point.
               Second anomalous blood anomaly within the Morgellon's affected individual.
                        Repetition of identical form and internal fibrous structure.
                                       Magnification approx. 2500x.

The second set of two microphotographs present further disturbing concerns of the impact
of the anomalies upon the blood. In addition, the images here are taken from a person that
does not outwardly manifest any skin problems, lesions or fibers associated with the
Morgellon's condition. It should be recalled that the vast majority of all blood samples that
have been observed are showing the same anomalous forms. The question of Morgellon's
manifestation may be one of degree, and the general population is not exempt from the
discussion that is taking place here. It has been stated that the Morgellon's condition may
have a much broader basis and distribution than we might like to admit or know.

There is additional concern on the effect that is taking place within the blood. A section on
the border of the anomaly has been photographed; both normal and abnormal cell
integrity can be observed. The observation is that the blood itself seems to be undergoing a
transformation; the cellular structure appears to be changing to a more fibrous form. In
addition, we see the appearance of spherical structures in the midst of the disturbed blood
cells; these structures also appear identical to those reported in both the skin fiber sample
and the anomalous blood incursion.
     Disturbed region within the blood of a "non-Morgellon's" individual.
  These same developments occur within the Morgellon's affected individual.
                    Magnification approximately 5000x.
    Remarkable transformation of blood cellular structure is taking place.
           Culminates in what appears to be a fibrous nature similar
     in appearance to original blood anomalies that have been disclosed.
     Arrows show transformation within the cell to a more fibrous nature.




The central disturbed region within the blood of a "non-Morgellon's" individual.
                      Magnification approximately 5000x.
        Spherical/circular sub micron structures easily visible (arrows);
                                these measure at approximately 1 micron..
              Bacterial forms(coccus, streptobacilli) are also under consideration at this stage.




                                        CATEGORY THREE:
                                         AIRBORNE FIBER

The final subject of this paper presents discoveries that I would prefer to not have to
report. What follows are microphotographs, at much higher magnification than was
originally available, of the airborne fibrous sample that was sent to the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency for identification. The EPA refused to identify that sample. The
correspondence and history of that interaction with the EPA resides on this site. The
results of this study pose a rather serious confrontation for us all. It now becomes clear
with the improved imagery over that of several years ago that the airborne fibers have a
structure and composition essentially identical to that reported above. This now clearly
implicates and questions the role and relationship of the airborne filaments to Morgellon's
and the blood conditions that are currently under research.

Unfortunately, we see a sub-fibrous network of the same dimensions as that observed
within the Morgellon's sample and the blood samples. We also see the recurring
circular/spherical structures. This establishes a common theme within all three topics of
investigation.

We are now forced to examine the relationships between:

1. Environmental contamination of the atmosphere with highly unusual sub-micron fibrous
networks which the EPA refuses to identify.
2. The match of the airborne fibrous structure in appearance, size and structure to the
manifestations of the Morgellon's condition..
3 The subsequent similarity to anomalous forms within numerous blood samples that have
been observed, one of which comes from an individual with advanced symptoms of the
Morgellon's condition.
4. The effect of all the above upon the health and welfare of the public at large.
Highly magnified view of the airborne filamentous sample sent to the EPA.
     The internal sub-micron fibrous network, similar to that shown
 under the separate topics of the Morgellon' condition and blood testing.
     Limiting size of internal filaments makes photography difficult.
                 The EPA refuses to identify this sample.




                Airborne fibrous sample sent to the EPA.
       Complexity of internal fibrous network is apparent within anencapsulating fiber.
What appears to be a single airborne fiber is essentially an infinite network of sub-micron fibers.
            Notice appearance of circular/spherical individual structures (arrows),
              and similarity to both Morgellon's and blood testing presentations.
                                 Magnification approx. 5000x.




                           Airborne fibrous sample sent to the EPA.
Further evidence of internal sub-micron fibrous nature and circular/spherical structures(arrows).
                Bacterial(ormodifiedbacterial) forms are a consideration here.
                                 Magnification approx. 5000x.
                Airborne fibrous sample sent to the EPA.
       Parallel presentation of internal sub-micron fibrous nature
                and circular/spherical structures(arrows).
                Bacterial forms are a consideration here.
                     Magnification approx. 5000x.




   A focus on spherical structures exterior to the encapsulating fiber
            at high magnification and with stacked images.
Readers may wish to revisit the papers on detected biological components
      within and adjacent to the fibrous network. Bacterial forms(coccus) may wish to be considered here.
      The airborne sample contains these structures both internal and external to the encapsulating fibers.
                    This photograph is of a set immediately adjacent to the exterior wall of
                            an encapsulating fiber (approx 20 microns in thickness).
                                      Original magnification approx. 5000x.

In summary, this paper presents evidence that there are likely relationships between the
original contaminating airborne fibers as reported to the EPA (with subsequent refusal of
identification by that agency), the manifestation of compromised health as manifested in
the Morgellon's condition and the detection of certain anomalous forms within various
blood samples. I end this paper with, once again, a repeated appeal to those with adequate
resources to address the issues that have been raised through the course of research during
the last decade. Public, governmental environmental, political and health agencies have
failed to serve the public in an extended fashion and the general public and the welfare of
the planet is bearing the cost of that denial. I urge you to assume your role.

Sincerely,

Clifford E Carnicom
Dec 10, 2007

Additional Note:

Questions exist as to whether or not conventional biological processes are represented in
this study; if so, a division into either eukaryotic, prokaryotic or archaea cell types could be
helpful. It is clear that biological processes of some sort are involved. Studies to
date(ref.H.Staninger), including this one do not yet identify a eukaryotic cell type; this calls
into question the supposition of the filament form as a fungus. It would, however, be
reasonable at this time to leave all options available and to investigate them thoroughly;
both bacterial(e.g., coccus, streptobacilli) and fungal(e.g., hyphae) forms should be
considered as a starting point.. If we confine ourselves to prokaryotic cell types, an
interesting question is whether or not there are any filamentous(not chains) forms of
bacteria. The best progress that I have been able to make on this question is to realize that
such forms of bacteria have existed in the past. A reasonable match has been found with a
fossilized filamentous bacteria that existed in Australia during the the Precambrian era,
approximately 3.5 billion years ago. For an additional reference on this topic, please review
Microbiology, an Introduction, Gerard J. Totora, 7th edition, 2001, p 281.



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                      BLOOD TESTING:
              LASERS, MORGELLONS & FUNGUS(?)
                                    Clifford E Carnicom
                                         Nov 21 2007

The opportunities for me to present my research are limited. Out of necessity, this paper
will combine a series of themes that have emerged during the last few weeks in the
observations of the Morgellon's condition. If sufficient time was to exist, I would most likely
present several papers to cover these topics. This paper will combine the following
objectives:

1. To reveal the presence of apparent anomalous forms within a blood sample.
2. To demonstrate a modification of microscopic technique that uses a laser light(see
caution below) to emphasize those same irregularities within the blood sample.
3. To extend these same observations to a broader sample of individuals (5) to discover if
the abnormality may be more widely distributed than is known.
4. To examine the blood of an individual with Morgellon's in comparison to the broader
sample of five individuals.
5. To suggest a line of research that could be pursued with respect to the Morgellon's
condition.
6. To once again appeal for immediate assistance from the general and professional
community to address the discoveries that have been made.

This paper will be dominated by the presentation of numerous photographs from the
microscope. This information is being advanced without extended discussion or analysis
because of the urgency to make the information available to the public. I would encourage
the reader to follow the progression of photographs carefully and to make comparisons
through to the end; the last set of photographs does introduce the Morgellons issue as a
significant part of this report. The proper analysis can be made only when sufficient
resources are applied to to this situation and I do not hold any special position to
accomplish that end.

Topics one and two:

It was found during the inspection of the fibrous sample from a second individual with the
Morgellons symptoms (see Morgellons Morphology Confirmed, Nov 2007) that a laser light
was valuable in highlighting the internal structure of that fiber. Please note the numerous
micron to sub-micron structures that become easily visible as shown in the last photograph
of the report just mentioned.

It was decided to subject a blood sample to this same microscopic technique; this sample
was NOT from the individual with the Morgellons's condition. This was done as an
exploration to examine the effect of the laser under different conditions and on a different
sample. The important findings from this work were twofold. First, it was found that the
laser light (650nm) brought several areas of "irregularity" within the blood sample to a
bold prominence. Approximately two to three of these variations were found within the
sample. It was found that the laser light allowed for rapid scanning of the sample, and that
variations in the uniformity of the blood sample were easily and immediately detectable. As
a general principle, it may be found that this method has many applications beyond that
being filed here. In retrospect, these variations are also visible under normal lighting, but
they can easily be passed over with an untrained eye.

The second finding was that structures of the same style and shape (sub-micron) as
reported in the Morgellon's fibrous sample are also appearing in the irregular areas of the
blood sample being described. Until the structures are positively identified in both cases,
the importance of this cannot yet be established. It does, however, point out the immediate
need for identification that I have stressed in the previous report. This same need now
extends to blood sampling. It may be found that the variations shown here are quite
explainable in the ordinary sense of microbiology; if and when that comes to pass this
report will include that information. For now, the need is for serious work to be done on
both accounts.




                 Subject No. 1 : Male Age 54. Control Photograph - Normal Blood Cells
                            Subject to top light from red laser light (650nm)
                          in addition to conventional bottom up stage lighting.
                           No unusual variation in form or structure apparent.
                                           Magnification 750x.
 Subject No. 1 : Control Photograph - Normal Blood Cells
     Subject to top light from red laser light (650nm)
   in addition to conventional bottom up stage lighting.
    No unusual variation in form or structure apparent.
                   Magnification 2500x.




Subject No. 1 : Anomalous variation in blood cell structure.
         Highly visible with use of red laser light.
                   Magnification 750x.
                   Subject No. 1 : Same anomaly under normal visible light.
                  Much more difficult to detect without the use of the laser light.
                                       Magnification 750x.




          Subject No. 1 : A second anomalous form within the blood sample under laser.
Granularity within the abberation can also be seen; this measures at the micron to sub-micron level.
            Similar in nature to granularity within Morgellons fiber as already reported.
                                        Magnification 750x.
  Subject No. 1: The second anomaly observed under normal visible light.
                           Magnification 750x.




Subject No. 1 : A third anomalous form within the blood sample under laser.
     This structure is relatively quite large. It depicts what appears to be
 a fibrous ring like structure that is external to any blood cell morphology.
            Highly visible and easily detectable under laser view.
  Consideration of a fungal nature may wish to be considered at this stage.
                              Magnification 750x.
         Subject No. 1: The same third anomaly under normal visible lighting.
                                Magnification 750x.




        Subject No 1 : A highly cellularly disturbed region of the blood sample.
Erratic structure is again emphasized and more easily detected with the use of the laser.
                                 Magnification 2500x.
                  Subject No. 1 : The highly disturbed region under normal visible light.
                                          Magnification 2500x.

The previous photographs make apparent the two findings that have been outlined in
topics one and two of this report.

Several additional questions now arise from this work: first, what exactly is the anomalous
form that is being observed? Second, is there any relationship between the sub-micron
granular nature of the blood anomalies with the apparent similar granular nature of the
Morgellon's fiber as it has been previously observed and reported? What is the nature of
the fibrous form that emerges in the photographs from set three above? Is there any
relationship between this apparent sub-micron fibrous blood anomaly and the sub-micron
fibrous nature of the Morgellon's condition? Is there any relationship to the airborne
fibrous samples that have been refused by the Environmental Protection Agency for
identification? Is there a fungal nature involved in the photographs that are presented
here? If not, what is the form that is being shown? Is the form unusual or unhealthy?
Fungal or bacterial infections in the blood are not a normal or healthful condition, and this
is one reason the consideration must be taken seriously. And lastly, are the anomalies being
observed here unique to this particular blood sample, or is this a more widespread
condition? The answers to these questions are to be found from those who will choose to
help in this pursuit.

In the meantime, some further progress can be made on the last question that has been
proposed - does this condition extend beyond this particular individual? Topic three of this
report is now relevant.

Blood samples have been collected and observed from four additional people that have no
relation to the previous presentation. With one exception, this extended sample can
reasonably be considered as a random set. The general characteristics of the sample set are
that they are of adults, approximately of age 40 or greater. Three males and two females
have contributed to the test. The important exception to the above is that one blood sample
is from the subject that exhibits an advanced manifestation of the Morgellon's condition;
the same individual that has unselfishly contributed to the paper Morgellon's Morphology
Confirmed, referenced previously. The observations from this individual will be presented
at the end of this report.

The finding is that all five individuals tested show this same anomalous form within the
blood of each. The degree of presence varies, but all of the individuals observed display the
same identical form and structures within the blood. Only one of the five
individuals(subject 5) is known to be outwardly manifesting the Morgellon's symptoms.
The comparison of the Morgellon's condition will obviously be critical in any analysis of
these findings. If it is any "normal" condition, it will have to be proven as such. The
varying conditions of the blood samples at this stage indicate anything but normal from the
perspective of this researcher. Again, I do not claim or offer any position of medical
knowledge or expertise on this issue; I do offer a set of observations that I regard as
important for you to consider.

The following photographs from three distinct individuals will show several
microphotographs for each. The first photograph will be of the most uniform cellular
structures that can be identified within the sample. The second will be the anomalous form
that reappears in each of these distinct samples, subject to laser light. The last will be the
anomalous form under normal visible light, similar to the outline from above.




                                Subject No. 2 : Female Age 59 Years.
                                  Normal Blood Cellular Structure
                                    Original magnification 750x.
        Subject No. 2: Similiar anomalous form found in blood sample.
         Subject to laser; laser greatly assists in detection of anomaly.
Notice apparent destruction and cellular damage in vicinity of detected anomaly.
                               Magnification 750x.




               Subject No. 2 : Same anomaly under visbile light.
                              Magnification 750x.
             Subject No. 2 : Second anomaly under laserlight.
Notice the fibrous nature appearing again, similar to that of subject No. 1.
                       Original magnification 750x.




           Subject No. 2 : Second anomaly under visbile light.
                           Magnification 750x.
            Subject No. 3 : Male in mid 60's.
            Normal blood cellular structure.
                  Magnification 750x.




     Subject No 3 : Significant anomalies observed.
Notice apparent degradation of adjacent cellular structure,
        similar to that described for subject no.l.
                   Magnification 750x.
                      Subject No. 4 : Adult Male > 40yrs.
                       Normal blood cellular structure.
                            Magnification 2500x.




Subject No 4: Anomaly within conglomerated cellular structure, subject to laser.
    Single structure of interest was identified within this particular sample.
            All other subjects show multiple anomalous structures.
     Sample may have had tendency to conglomerate more than in others.
                               Magnification 750x.
                     Subject No 4: Anomaly within conglomerated cellular structure,
                             under normal visible light. Magnification 750x.




We now consider topic four, and this is the condition of the blood of the individual that
displays the more pronounced symptoms of the Morgellon's condition, including the
presence of extraordinary fibers on the skin surface. Several samples of these fibers have
now been observed and reported on (Morgellon's Morphology Confirmed). Unfortunately,
the finding here is that the blood of this individual exhibits without question the greatest
prevalence of these anomalous structures, along with the most pronounced degradation in
cellular integrity. This determination forces the important question as to whether or not
there is a relationship between the impact upon the blood reported here and the existence
of the Morgellon's condition. In addition, the prevalent theme of remarkable sub-micron
fibrous structures from environmental airborne samples to skin samples and then again
possibly to blood samples must obviously be examined to the greatest detail.

I again offer my most heartfelt gratitude to the individual that has made this information
available to all us. This has been done in the most generous, kind and unselfish manner
that anyone could ever hope to offer. I pray that you will use this information to fulfill the
intention that has been given to you from this individual. There remain many mysteries
within this subject, but none of them are any excuse for procrastination. As you may see,
help is needed. It is quite possible that this help is needed much more broadly than any of
us know at this time. I have no desire or will to be alarmist in any of my methods; I am
providing what I see to be a factual and rational account of most extraordinary events and
risks that befall us.

I request that you distribute the information on this page and others before it. I can make
no promises for the longevity of this website. If you value the information that is available
through this research site, I would recommend that you protect and distribute this
information to your own satisfaction.

The photographs are as follows:




                                   Subject No. 5: Female Age 59 years.
                        Normal cellular form and structure appear to be intact here.
                 This individual shows advanced symptoms of the Morgellons condition.
                        Uniformity of this nature was rare within the blood sample.
                                            Magnification 750x.




                                              Subject No 5:
                 Strong degradation of cellular form and integrity appears to be evident.
                            This observation is typical of the blood sample.
                                     Magnification approx. 1500x.
       Subject No. 5: Highly representative example of the anomalous form
      that is the basis of this report. Blood sample subject to laser light. The
               anomalous form is highly prevalent within this sample;
       easily the most numerous of the subjects that have been considered.
      Broadly distributed throughout the sample, easily detectable with laser.
                                  Magnification 750x.




    Subject No. 5 : The same anomaly as above subject to normal visible light.
Notice again the apparent degradation of cellular integrity adjacent to the structure.
                               Magnification 750x.
    Subject No 5: Second anomaly. Subject to laser light.
Damage to cellular integrity, frequency of anomalous structures,
   and conglomeration are common to the blood sample.
                      Magnification 750x.




    Subject No. 5: Second anomaly subject to visible light.
                     Magnification 750x.
Subject No. 5: Third Anomaly. Notice cohesive structural form.
             Subject to laser. Magnification 750x.




Subject No. 5: Third anomaly subject to normal visible light.
Numerous other anomalous structures exist within the sample.
                    Magnification 750x.
Subject No. 5 : Fourth anomaly; double structures evident.
          Subject to laser. Magnification 750x.




   Subject No. 5: Fourth anomaly, normal visible light.
                   Magnification 750x.
                 Subject No. 5: Extensive areas of the sample appear to suffer degradation.
                           Conglomeration of cells appears throughout sample.
                                           Magnification 750x.




                     Subject No 5: Cellular structure no longer apparent in this region.
                           Subject to normal visible light. Magnification 750x.

Topics 5 & 6:

As time is short for now, the parting comments here will be brief. It is quite clear to me
what work needs to be done. The main question that remains is who is going to help to get
it done, when are they going to do it, and to what ends are they going to serve? I will do my
best to avoid drawing any premature conclusions on the nature of what is being described
in this and previous reports. I believe that the photographs presented during recent days
speak quite well for themselves. It does seem clear, however, that certain critical issues
have been deliberately avoided; to what end only time may tell. I am not making claim on
what the nature is that is being shown here; I am making claim that we all need to know
what that nature is as quickly as possible. I will offer a suggestion, and it only a suggestion
without warranty. It does seem reasonable to consider that a fungal nature(fungemia) or a
modified fungal nature may be involved; this has been alluded to earlier and is in keeping
with many of the health symptoms that we have been witness now to for many years. It is
quite conceivable(and not unexpected) that even more exotic methods of biology or
artificial constructs are involved with the Morgellon's issue; that too will have to find its
way in proof that is apparent to all.

For the time being, the strongest point that I can make is to continue the appeal that has
been in place close to a decade. This is for all of those that care about the humanity, life and
welfare of this planet to make their mark on reclaiming what is rightfully ours. This
includes the divine rights of existence beyond the machinations of mankind and the power
structures that continue to mar history. We can start this quest by reclaiming our health
and the health of this planet, as they are both gifts for us with responsibilities attached. The
role of stewardship is ours if we only care enough to exercise it.

Sincerely,

Clifford E Carnicom
November 21 2007



                                 LASER LIGHT CAUTION

DO NOT USE LASER LIGHT IN ANY WAY WITH DIRECT EYE OBSERVATION OR
                             MIRRORS.
             LASER LIGHT IS A SIGNIFICANT EYE HAZARD.
          THE METHODS DESCRIBED HERE ARE SUITABLE FOR
         EXTERNAL DIGITAL OBSERVATION TECHNIQUES ONLY.

                         Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page




                          MORGELLONS:
                      MORPHOLOGY CONFIRMED
                                     Clifford E Carnicom
                                          Nov 15 2007
A second subject has presented samples and symptoms of the Morgellons condition to me
for observation. The results of this work completely and absolutely confirm the internal
morphology of at least one form of the fibers that are commonly associated with it. There
are important additional discoveries that establish the urgency of discovering the true
nature of this condition. The progress to date remains totally unsatisfactory as this
condition represents a public health hazard that has been deliberately unaddressed and
undisclosed. The quest for the nature of this condition does not belong in the hands of any
single individual, citizen, advocate or health professional; the consequences are far too
widespread for that limitation. This is a public issue and must ultimately be addressed as
such. The condition may be much more widespread than is commonly understood and
there is evidence accumulating to that end. Gratitude is extended to those that have
presented numerous important research advances on Morgellons, particularly the
laboratory analyses from Dr. Hildegard Staninger. There are other deserving contributors
to the current state of knowledge. Unfortunately, the implications of this condition require
a more broad-based public and professional medical involvement. It is a fact that
government institutions and agencies that are chartered to serve the public interest
continue to fail us at a tragic level; the public will eventually be required to take ownership
of issues such as this to reach the solutions that are required.

Readers are requested to review the paper entitled Morgellons : First Observations of
August 2006 on this site to establish the precedent for the following report. It is the opinion
of this researcher that certain discoveries were presented to the public at that time that
demanded immediate attention. This researcher does not have the facilities, resources or
expertise to make the analyses that have been required for more than one year since the
initial disclosures. What I can offer is observational analysis that points to certain needs
that must be met if anyone wishes to understand the dynamics of this condition and how it
may ultimately affect the public health - almost certainly at the global level. In the absence
of additional samples, I have been able to offer no further progress on this issue until now.
The need for the understanding of the information in this report is paramount.

One has to ask, exactly what progress has been made on answering certain basic questions
since that initial report was filed in August of 2006? Does the condition remain in existence
and is the distribution increasing? What is the morphology of the condition and how is it
positively identified beyond that of chemical analysis? What is the growth cycle? What
exactly are the structures that have previously been observed, measured and described?
What is the function of these structures? Are we dealing with biological or artificial forms,
or both? What are the biological interactions that are taking place? What observations and
analyses have taken place and where are these observations documented? What
information does the public have, in a venue that serves the public interest, on methods of
mitigation, control or remedy of the condition? What relationship, if any, exists between
the fibrous structures that emerge from the body and the sub-micron airborne fibers that
have been reported environmentally for several years? The refusal of the Environmental
Protection Agency to identify those original samples several years ago continues to haunt
us with the current deficiencies; there is increasing evidence of similarity in both form and
chemical composition.
The remainder of this paper presents a series of photographs that, once again, portray the
reality of this unfortunate condition. The photographs will show a progression from a
normal view to a final magnification of approximately 2500x. Normal visible light
microscopy has an upper limit of roughly 1000x to 2000x; modified modest digital
equipment has been developed to provide these images. Several different fibers from the
same subject were examined in the writing of this report.

It is only at the highest magnification available that the true nature of this condition even
begins to emerge. Attention will be called again to meet some immediate requirements for
identification and further examination. It is inexcusable to allow this information to
lanquish for another year without more dramatic progress and involvement of medical
professionals. Those so-called professionals that continue to categorize this reality as
"delusional" are a tremendous disservice to the public welfare, and they are not deserving
of any further discussion. The time is already late to get on with the job that needs to be
done. It is to be mentioned that at least three other individuals have recently contacted me
that show or claim identical physical symptoms; none of these individuals had contact with
one another and I did not seek out their inquiries. I have no medical expertise and I claim
none. I am offering a series of observations that demonstrate the urgent need to protect the
public health and welfare, and it is my hope that you will act upon it.




                           Back of the female subject. Age 59 years.
                   The mottling of the skin results from scores to hundreds
                     of previous open sores over a period of several years.
                   Several open sores remain visible under the current state.
          The subject has endured tremendous and prolonged pain from the condition.
           Closer view of the mottled skin surface and open sores
                characteristic of the Morgellons condition.




Isolated view of current open and active skin sore on the back of the subject.
    Typical extraction form from a skin surface sore. 10x magnification.
The protrusion extends into the skin and is extremely painful to remove.
Notice the fibers are visible at this stage and originate from several locations.
         Larger segment of scab material exists at the skin surface.




                  The extraction at a magnifcation of 60x.
        Notice the numerous embedded fibers that are now visible.
       Any similarity to a hair fiber is lost at this point of observation.
               Top lit view of the extraction at a magnifcation of 60x.
                       Numerous embedded fibers are visible.




                      One fiber sample at a magnifcation of 750x.
      Notice the internal structure of the fiber that begins to appear at this point.
This internal structure is the beginning of what requires further physical examination.
             Only generalized information remains available at this point,
         as we approach the upper limit of conventional visible microscopy.
                Width of this fiber sample is approxmately 40 microns.
       (Human hair is approximately 60-100 microns and of smooth structure).
  Magnification is now at approximately 2500x, approximately twice
that achievable with conventional microscopy It is at this point that an
  important discovery takes place, and this is that the single fiber is
 actually composed of innummerable sub-fibers (circular enclosure).
       These sub-fibers measure at 1 micron or less in thickness.

   Similarity of form with the airborne fiber samples must now be
considered, as an identical finding occurs with that previous research.
  In both cases, what appears at modest magnification to be a single
 fiber is actually composed of essentially an infinite network of sub-
fibers at the micron or sub-micron level. It is at this point that a nano-
  technology origin can justifiably be considered. This presentation
     remains dependent and limited by the available microscopic
                               equipment.

    The sub-fibers must be analyzed in detail and the reports
provided. Observation and analysis of sub-micron fibers external
  to host and subjected to various stimuli (e.g, electromagnetic,
   chemical) is required. Observations of the sub-micron fibers
 under live host conditions and appropriate stimuli is required.
 A second potentially important discovery takes place under adequate
  magnifcation (2500x). This is the repeated occurrence of an entity,
    approximately spherical in shape (circular enclosure), that also
  measures at 1 micron or less in diameter. Please refer to the earlier
paper in August 2006 for this original disclosure. They are a dominant
  component of the internal structure and they are not visible except
                    under adequate magnification.

These structures must be identified as to their nature, compostion
                          and function.
  A third discovery is also being repeated here (ref Aug 2006). This
      also is of great potential significance and has strong biological
 implications. We note again that we have the existence of a "budding"
       structure. All appearances are that this a growth, extension or
  regeneration mechanism. It is premature at this point to establish that
   there is not a biological process taking place within these fibers. All
indications are that there is indeed a biological component to the fibers
     themselves, regardless of any association with any apparent inert
   forms. One highly credentialed chemist has observed this particular
photograph prior to publication, and a suggestion of fungal hyphae has
 been offered for consideration. Additional information, when and if it
            becomes available, will be published on this report.

We notice also, in this case, that the budding development appears to
 encapsulate sub-micron structures (arrow) in a ringed fashion. The
nature, composition and purpose of these sub-micron structures must
  be correlated to those mentioned in the above photograph. These
budding structures occur or are visible on the edge of the fibers in all
   cases reported thus far, and they do appear to be a branching or
"growth" mechanism of some sort. Embedded fibers of the same sub-
    micron size co-exist with the sub-micron structures within the
               "budding" form. Magnification 2500x.

  The budding structures must be identified as to their nature,
composition and function. They represent a potentially significant
advance in the understanding of the "growth" and development of
     the Morgellons condition. Fungal forms are at least one
                              consideration in this pursuit.




               The internal sub-micron fiber network is apparent within this
               photograph at a magnification of 2500x. (Circular enclosure)




Another "budding" structure identified. Several of these are usually found on any one fiber.
                  Only visible under adequate magnification (2500x).
             Note again the sub-micron structures within the bud (arrows)
      and the sub-micron fiber network (circular enclosure) within the main fiber.
                      The budding structures must be identified
                     as to their nature, composition and function.
      An additional remarkable "budding" structure of rather high geometric form.
     Notice repetition of internal structures at the micron to sub-micron level (arrow).
                                    Magnification 2500x.
The budding structures must be identified as to their nature, composition and function.




          An important advance in microscopy technique is incorporated within
           this photograph. Magnification 2500x. Additional research on this
          method will be presented at a later date. This microphotograph shows
              the fibrous sample subjected to laser light in addition to conventional
               bottom-up stage lighting. In this case, the red laser is used in a top-
             lighting mode. The use of complementary laser lighting can be shown
            to reveal significant detail beyond that of conventional visible lighting.
                The sub-micron structure and network becomes immediately
                apparent with this modification technique (circular enclosure).

             DO NOT USE THIS METHOD IN ANY WAY WITH DIRECT
               EYE OBSERVATION OR MIRRORS. LASER LIGHT IS A
             SIGNIFICANT EYE HAZARD. THIS METHOD IS SUITABLE
              FOR EXTERNAL DIGITAL OBSERVATION TECHNIQUES
                                 ONLY.

Summary:

Attention has been called to the salient points of observation and need. My personal
opinions on the failure of governmental and health organizations on this issue have been
noted. The need for parallel examination in detail on the airborne fibrous samples refused
by the EPA has been stated. There is no suitable excuse or rationale for inaction on the
discoveries that have been disclosed. My ability and time to conduct research of this nature
remains limited. My appeal to the professional community to serve the public welfare has
been reaffirmed. It is quite expected that more capable resources will provide discovery
beyond what can be accomplished here. The Morgellon's condition is a public health
concern and issue, and it is that interest that must be served. Those that have suffered, are
suffering, and those that will suffer are entitled to be treated with dignity, compassion and
respect. We must all act unselfishly to diminish and alleviate this pain, suffering and ill
health that we are now subject to. Infinite appreciation is extended to the person that has
graciously provided for the observations that are the substance of this report.

Notes:

This paper is subject to future revision. Additional research has been completed and it will
be presented as time and circumstances permit.

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 15 2007



                               A Statement from the Subject:
                                   Appendix:
                          CONTROL MICROPHOTOGRAPHS

The next presentation will be that of three control photographs for purposes of comparison
and to show the capability of the modified microscopy equipment that is being used.
THESE ARE FOR CONTROL PURPOSES ONLY AND ARE NOT ASSOCIATED
WITH THE SAMPLE MATERIALS IN ANY WAY. The first photograph will be that of a
human hair at a magnification of approximately 700 times. The second photograph will be
that of a human blood cell at approximately 8600 times; a human blood cell measures on
the order of 6-8 microns across. The last photograph is that of human blood cells at
approximately 2500x magnification.




                         Human Hair : FOR CONTROL PURPOSES ONLY
                                Magnification approximately 700x..
                               Note smooth outline and uniform size.
                          Measurement : approximately 65 microns across.
                          No significant internal structure or form apparent.
 Human Blood Cell : FOR CONTROL PURPOSES ONLY
           Magnification approximately 8600x.
     Approximate size of cell : 7 microns in diameter
      This image represents the upper end of quality
and magnification ofthe equipment being used in this report.




            Human Blood Control Photograph
              Magnification Approx 2500x.
  Blood Cells Measure Approx. 6-8 microns in diameter..

  Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page
                               MORGELLONS:
                            FIRST OBSERVATIONS
                                  Clifford E Carnicom
                                       Aug 12 2006
                                  Edited Aug 16 2006
                  Copyright 2006 by Clifford E Carnicom and Jan Smith

This paper is being presented in two stages. The first paper will describe a series of
observations under the microscope at relatively high power. The subject of observation is
sample material received from an individual that displays the symptoms of what is now
known as Morgellons disease. The Morgellons disease is characterized in part by the
presence of a host of unusual skin conditions, commonly including persistent lesions and
unusual fibers or filaments. The second paper will be commentary on the Morgellons issue
from the perspective of this researcher; it will be presented separately at a later date.

The illness causes much pain and suffering. The acceptance of the illness by the formal
medical community remains controversial, despite increasing and widespread evidence of
its existence. This inquiry is prompted by the finding that despite several years of
presumed research on the Morgellons issue, there apparently are no suitably magnified
images of the filaments available to the public. Despite recent media attention to the issue,
it also appears to be commonly claimed that there are not sufficient resources available to
conduct suitable examinations. This presentation will seek to address this problem to the
degree possible here.




                           Original Sample Envelope Postmarked Jul 14 2006.
                Samples are from the subject directly and were sent to me upon my request.

Materials were received in mid July after lengthy discussion with the individual. This
person has previously made numerous observations and discussions available to the public;
photographs were limited to a magnfication of 200x by the equipment that was available. I
offered to conduct a microscopic study at higher magnification, to photograph the results
and to make this information available to the public. This is the primary purpose of this
first report; no concerted effort to evaluate the nature of the materials will be made on this
page. This page represents several hours of study under the microscope of one portion of
one sample, and much more work remains to be done. I may or may not have the means or
resources to continue this study and it is questionable that this work should occur under
the domain of citizen activism.

One of the goals of this paper is to also provide the reader with a sense of scale, and to show
a progression from the original materials as they exist from the body to the highest
magnification possible with my equipment. The materials received were packaged
carefully, thoroughly labeled and in good order. The subject's description of the physical
symptoms encountered are thorough and complete. Any questions put forth to the
individual about the illness have been answered in full candor and detail. The subject has
provided numerous samples to a medical doctor in the past but no specific response,
descriptions, photos or analysis have apparently been provided in return. Detailed
information or replies from any formal medical representative, non-profit support or
research groups, educational institutions and government agencies appears to be grossly
deficient. There appears to be no adequate response to the individual's many appeals for
analysis of the illness symptoms and physical manifestations. The ramifications of a
potentially large scale health issue that may be affecting a much larger portion of the
population than is currently recognized must be considered. In addition to the suffering
that has been endured, those leading individuals that have come forth with their appeals
for assistance have in the main been derided, denied or refused. At the very least this group
requires our humanitarian compassion and medical assistance.

It is also necessary to confront directly the numerous claims of "delusion" that are
commonly circulated in conjunction with the public reports on this issue, and to seek out if
there are any agendas that may be associated with this characterization of the illness. It
must also be asked why the citizenry is in the position of having to provide the information
on this page to the public. The question of unknown health risks to the public (and even to
this researcher) should be addressed.

It is a legitimate question to seek out if these materials are of any unusual form or nature,
as this does not appear to be properly and publicly addressed at this point. Adequate
images under the microscope may be of help here.
                One of several original sample materials received in sealed plastic container.
                         Materials photographed prior to handling and observation.
                            Materials stated to come from a lesion on the torso.
                         Embedded filaments within the lesion material are visible
                                (isolated fibers just visible to the naked eye).
                       This container measures approximately 1 inch (2.5cm) across.
                             Observations to follow are from this sample only.




                          Second photograph of original sample materials received.
                                 Additional samples exist for future analysis.
             Several filaments that emanate from the lesion material are visible to the naked eye
                             Observations to follow are from this sample only.

The fibers that are visible and that emanate from the lesion material in the photographs
above are the subject of the photographs below. Five magnification levels are available with
the equipment being used: approximately 700x, 1400x, 2800x, 5600x and 8600x. Digital
magnification of the final image can be increased further if the situation warrants it and if
the image quality supports the enlargement. The limit of conventional optical magnification
is approximately 2000x. The higher levels shown here have been achieved with the
combination of digital camera equipment (primarily astronomic) and a decent optical
microscope. It is believed that these images are the first available publicly that show
internal detail of the fibers that are apparently representative of the Morgellons condition.
Much deserves to be explained and accounted for with the disclosures that follow, as it
becomes quickly evident that these are not typical nor uniform fibers.

The first image shown below is at a magnification of approximately 700 times. At the level
of 700x, there is relatively little detail that can be seen. The photograph is adequate,
however, to obtain a first estimate of its width; this first measurement is approximately 10
to 12 microns. This measurement already seriously calls into question any claim of these
fibers being a human hair, as they will measure from approximately 60 to 100 microns in
width. The irregular form of the fiber and twisting that is apparent further eliminates any
realistic comparison to a human hair. At this point recall that most images that have been
made available have been at a level of 200x or less; this already explains why little
information about the appearance of the fibers, let alone any internal structure, is available
to the public to review. I have encountered two extremely high magnification images taken
with an electron microscope, however, it will be seen that no internal detail is available
from those images. As there is no commentary associated with those images, there can be
no further explanation of that deficiency at this point.




                                    Magnification approximately 700x.
                           Approximate dimension in width : 10-12 microns.
                              No major distinguishing characteristics visible.
                     Indications of some internal structure to fiber may be apparent.
                        Suitable for measurement and comparison to human hair.
              Some unevenness in size noted and ability of the fiber to fold or twist is visible..
               Two different fibers examined; both appear essentially identical at this point.
The next presentation will be that of two control photographs for purposes of comparison
and to show the capability of the modified microscopy equipment that is being used.
THESE ARE FOR CONTROL PURPOSES ONLY AND ARE NOT ASSOCIATED
WITH THE SAMPLE MATERIALS IN ANY WAY. The first photograph will be that of a
human hair, also at a magnification of approximately 700 times. The next photograph will
be that of a human blood cell at approximately 8600 times; a human blood cell measures on
the order of 6-8 microns across. For further comparison, bacteria are commonly on the
order of up to 10 microns in size, and viruses are usually 1 micron or less. An asbestos fiber
is on the order of 2 microns. For further comparisons and extensive fiber studies, please
consult some of the earlier work on this site.




                          Human Hair : FOR CONTROL PURPOSES ONLY
                                 Magnification approximately 700x..
                                Note smooth outline and uniform size.
                           Measurement : approximately 65 microns across.
                           No significant internal structure or form apparent.
                       Human Blood Cell : FOR CONTROL PURPOSES ONLY
                                 Magnification approximately 8600x.
                           Approximate size of cell : 7 microns in diameter
                            This image represents the upper end of quality
                      and magnification of the equipment being used in this report.

The next set of photographs, the primary focus of this report, will show a series of
photographs at 1400x and 5600x levels of magnification. At this stage of the research
project, I will largely let the photographs speak for themselves, with minor comments to
assist in their interpretation. The next two photographs at 1400x now begin to show some
interesting features and form that have not been visible with the initial work. First, it is
observed that the fibers have a much more complicated internal structure than was
discernible at low magnification. In addition, there is more variance in the dimensions of
the fiber than is originally evident. Both of these factors alone begin to seriously question or
eliminate claims of commonly known fibers, be they artificial or natural. In the media
reports alone, there are now reports of attempted matching of the fiber form using large
forensic databases and a complete failure of identification in that attempt. One of the
objectives of this report is to allow the public itself to see why that failure is likely
occurring.

There is a second revelation at this level of magnification and observation. What appears to
be a single filament coming from the lesion material is actually much more complicated
and that much exists that is not visible to the naked eye. In the second of these two
photographs, notice the rather complicated web of numerous fibers. This arrangement was
most certainly not visible by eye when this sample was placed under the microscope. It is at
this point that much greater interest is to be attached to the identification of these
filaments, as well as whatever structures may be contained within. We also notice,
particularly in the second photograph of greater translucency, that internal, much smaller
structures of elliptical form exist. This begins to strongly suggest a biological nature to the
fibers, and a case for ruling out human hairs as well as any common fiber form, natural or
artificial, is now made.
At this point, it is at least appropriate to address the rather massive efforts that have been
and that are being made to characterize this illness as a psychological problem of the
afflicted individuals. This effort will be addressed more completely in the commentary
section that shall follow at a later time. In the interim, however, if the materials being
shown here are representative of the Morgellons condition, such efforts to foist a
perception of "delusion" upon the public can only be interpreted as a ruse of the highest
order in an effort to conceal, deny and avoid the true issues that we are facing. The reports
of occurrence of this illness are increasing and they are global at this stage. It is reasonable
to inquire as to what agendas may be in place to so forcefully attempt to influence the
public perception of this condition or disease.




                                   Magnification approximately 1400x.
                   Note variation in fiber form and internal structure becoming evident.
                              Notice irregularities on the surface of the fiber.
                                  Notice translucent quality of the fiber.
                                   Magnification approximately 1400x.
             Numerous fibers are now available; this conglomerate not visible to the naked eye.
                         Notice internal structures becoming increasingly visible.
                Biological natures are more strongly indicated at this point of observation.

The next and final set of photographs will be at 5600x. Several important discoveries take
place. It is now quite common within certain segments of the primary fiber to find an
internal sub-fibrous structure. It can now be seen that what appears to be a single fiber is
composed of innumerable sub-fibers, and that these sub-fibers measure at the micron or
sub-micron level. There is no known previous disclosure of this fact on the Morgellons
condition and a much more complex interpretation of the actual nature of the fibers must
now be proposed. Secondly, internal spherical or elliptical structures now appear within
the primary fiber, measuring on the order of 1 micron (virus size). It is now a compelling
priority to identify these structures and their functions, including the internal micron sized
sub-fibers.
                   Magnification approximately 5600x.
            Notice internal filament structure within the fiber.
Width of the internal fibrous structure is at the micron or sub-micron level.




                  Magnification approximately 5600x.
               Notice internal generally circular structures.
          Strongly indicative of a biological nature at this point.
                         These structures measure on the order of 1 micron (virus size).
                Increasingly complex internal nature of the original sample fiber is now evident.

The last major discovery by observation at this point is what appears to a "budding"
structure of some sort. These structures appear on the edge of the fiber at irregular
intervals. These structures contain two further components within. The first of these are
spherical or elliptical structures at the micron level within an encasing, translucent shell. In
addition, innumerable fibers at the sub-micron level emerge from the budding structure.
The budding structures are highly indicative of a growth or reproductive process, and they
may be related to the spread of the disease.




                                     Magnification approximately 5600x.
               "Budding" structures are apparent on the sides of the fiber at occasional locations.
          The budding structures contain internal structures at the roughly micron or sub-micron size.
                     Budding structures also often contain innumerable filaments within,
                  measuring apparently at the sub-micron level (Limit of equipment reached).
    Reproduction and growth of the primary fiber structure may be closely linked to these budding structures.
        The budding structures generally appear to be quite complex in form, structure and organization.
                   Magnification approximately 5600x.
Complex internal organization of sub-fibers and structural forms is apparent.




                   Magnification approximately 5600x.
 This photograph shows the ability of the fiber to be folded and/or twisted.
           Internal parallel organization of sub-fibers is visible.
            Non-uniformity of the fibers dimensions is also evident.
      Transverse separation or structure also visible in lower right of image.




                     Magnification approximately 5600x.
      Additional budding structure visible on the edge of the primary fiber.
                Complex internal micron size structures within.
Translucent encasement that is indicative or suggestive of reproductive capability.




                       Magnification approximately 5600x.
                   Additional budding structure visible on the edge of the primary fiber.
                             Complex internal micron size structures within.

The conclusion of this report is necessarily brief at this time. The basic conclusions that can
be made are as follows. First, there has been a complete failure of the formal medical
community, non-profit organizations and government to adequately research and
distribute information to the public on the nature of the Morgellons condition. If the
samples studied and shown here are in any way representative of the Morgellons disease,
they show that any effort to influence the public to accept this evidence as being of
psychological origin or as insignificant are disingenuous at the highest level. Any motive of
secrecy and or misinformation is to be confronted directly and disclosed. The so-called
efforts at research by various organizations, including non-profit, university and
government are to be called into question; there is a serious lack of informing the public as
to the basic nature of the condition. No citizen should be assuming the risk of attempting to
identify the nature of this illness. The traditional medical community and government
health organizations have already displayed an appalling failure of addressing the urgency
of this matter. I call upon all of those individuals or groups with the proper resources to
strike to the core of this issue as quickly as possible, and to disclose all results of the
findings to the public as they occur.

Clifford E Carnicom
August 12 2006

Notes:
Additional research and or information from other sources will be linked into this report as
it becomes available.
Additional commentary of the general state of findings on the Morgellons issue will be
presented at a later date.
The results of this report are of a preliminary nature, and they are restricted to the
materials that have been provided by a single individual.

                         Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page




                  CORRESPONDENCE SENT TO
                 MAHATMA GHANDI UNIVERSITY
                                       Clifford E Carnicom
                                            Jan 07 2006
                                       Edited March 08 2006

Notes as of March 08, 2006:
Additional information is now available at the following linked page at Mahatma Gandhi
University:

                               Home Page of Dr. Godfrey Louis
                              School of Pure & Applied Physics,
                                 Mahatma Gandhi University
                                  Kottayam, Kerala, INDIA

An introductory excerpt from this page follows:

                              RED RAIN OF KERALA
"A red rain phenomenon occurred in Kerala, the place where I live, during July-September 2001. The
characteristics of this phenomenon were very strange. Conventional explanations appeared totally
inadequate to account for this phenomenon. I started an investigation with limited resources and I was
greatly assisted by my research student A. Santhosh Kumar. We have been studying this red rain since
2001. Some of our research results are now accepted for publication in the journal -Astrophysics and
Space Science, an international peer reviewed journal of astronomy, astrophysics and space science.


According to these accepted results, the red particles, which caused the red rain of Kerala, are possibly
of extraterrestrial origin........"




Original Notes on Jan 07 2006 follow:

An attempt has been made to send the following correspondence to Mahatma Gandhi
University at the following address obtained at the India Study Center website :
mguty@md2vsnl.net.in. A second email has been sent to announce that this correspondence
is being made public. Both emails have been returned with an unknown host error, and
correspondence has therefore not been completed. In the interim until communication has
been ensured, this communication is being made available to the public.



To Godfrey Louis and Santosh Kumar from Clifford E Carnicom:

This email muist be delivered to:
To Godfrey Louis and Santosh Kumar,

Please confirm that you receive this email and that this delivery has taken place. I have just
read a report regarding your research at the university. This report is now at:

http://www.rense.com/general69/microbe.htm
I think that it is appropriate that I refer you to research that I have been involved in as a
citizen for the the last 6-7 years. This research is at:

http://www.carnicom.com

Please pay attention to the numerous articles on the detection of aerosolized cellular
structures in airborne samples. Best analysis thus far involves what appears to be a
dessicated form of erythrocyte,and there may also be an association with stem cells. My
work is centered on a covert operation such that the flow of information on it in the United
States is highly "managed." There may be a relationship between my research and yours. I
hope that you will take the time to investigate this topic, but it is thus far impossible to
make any progress on it within the United States acting from a citizen capacity. I have also
produced a documentary that may beworth viewing; it is available from the public domain
at:

http://www.carnicom.com/doc2.htm

This is a managed and controlled topic of discussion in the United States. It must be
assumed now in this country that communication on this topic is monitored. I hope that
you are able to make further progress. Thank you.

Sincerely,

Clifford E Carnicom

Appreciation is extended to Jeff Rense (www.rense.com) for making the research results from
Mahatma Ghandi University available to the public.

                        Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page




                        AIRBORNE FIBERS
                  AGAIN, AND AGAIN - AND AGAIN
                                     Clifford E Carnicom
                                          Nov 30 2005

The following is a report submitted by a citizen in northern California. This report adds to
the chain of evidence that has been brought forth for nearly seven years now on the
subjecting of the populace to unidentified airbone contaminants. This report demonstrates
that there are very likely significant health consequences that accompany these
atmospheric operations. The report also demonstrates that the United States
Environmental Protection Agency has completely failed in its mission to serve the public
and to protect the health and welfare of our environment. The fibers reported here appear
to be, in all respects, identical to those that the EPA has refused to identify when originally
requested to do so more than six years ago. The 'policy' of the EPA on public record is that
they will not test, identify or examine any 'unsolicited material'. The minority argument of
claiming an ordinary origin to these fibers, such as spider webs, has long ago been shown to
be unreasonable; these materials are evaporative and transformational in nature, and they
display unusual dimension, mass and character. It is long past the point where the EPA
must be challenged in a legal sense on their position. The sooner that this is recognized by
U.S. and international citizens and acted upon, the sooner that we can restore the health
and welfare of our atmosphere. This reparation will not occur without confrontation, and
we will continue to pay the price for apathy and submission to these violations of natural
law and divine right. I would recommend that pressure in the strongest form be brought to
bear on the representatives of government of this nation if we wish to be able to breath and
live in health. The submission of the citizens of this nation to the EPA 'policy' has brought
no resolution to the wanton failure to protect life and environnment. There is an
appropriate time for confrontation and rejection of the untenable EPA 'policy', and this
point in time has already passed. An organized challenge by the public to the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency is necessary to halt the EPA's condoned contamination
and degradation of our planet and atmosphere.

Additional notes:
Extensive observations, records, analysis on similar airborne fibrous materials and the EPA historical
correspondence on this subject are available on this site. Much appreciation is extended to Mr. Challender for his
substantial effort in making this report available to the public.




                                         Report On The Event of
                                       Sunday 13 November 2005
                                 By Jeff Challender – 17 November 2005

This is a report on the event of Sunday, 13 November 2005. It began at approximately
12:50 PM PST over my home in North Highlands California. At the time, my son was
playing in our back yard. Since I have been following chem–spraying over our home for
more than two years, he is accustomed to alerting me when he sees such activity.
At the time mentioned above, my son called me to look at the sky. Indeed, the sky was full of the
“sheets” of material we usually see as chem-trails spread out after spraying operations. In particular
there was a plane leaving a long, non-dissipating, emission to our east. I had my wife bring me our
Vivitar 3300 digital camera as fast as possible. I photographed the aircraft and its trail as best I could
from my position. I also took one shot of a recent trail, which was spreading fast.

Had I known what was to come in about two hours time, I would have taken more than four shots of
the skies that afternoon… Instead, I returned to my office to resume working on my website.
                                  Post Aircraft Operation "Haze" Conditions

At around 3 PM PST my son, in a very excited state, called me to come look at the sky again. I made
my way to the back yard, and stood transfixed. Before my very eyes, strands and clumps of a white
fibrous material were falling from on high. This material was snagging in the trees, alighting on
houses, the grass, and parked cars. I was so stunned, I’m afraid I forgot to get photos of this
phenomenon. I’m regretting that failure now!

I did think to ask my 18 year old son go about with small sticks and twigs he could find, and collect
samples of the material. He was quite willing to help. I am permanently disabled due to spinal injury
some 6 years ago. My mobility is limited, because my legs no longer function normally. For this
reason, I rely on my son to be my “legs” when necessary.

I cautioned him NOT to touch the stuff, nor to get it in his eyes, hair, or on his clothing. He was careful,
and suffered no apparent ill effects. Unfortunately, my wife did mash some of the substance between
her fingers, expressing that it felt “waxy”. She visited our family Doctor four days later, with an itching
rash problem… The rash has since cleared up with the application of an ointment prescribed by the
Doctor. He was not able to diagnose the exact cause.

Within minutes, the “fallout” had all disappeared! Outside, it had all melted, evaporated, or just
dissipated. Very curious. I have never seen anything like this event before, but had heard of it on the
Internet.

We put the collected samples into a small jar with a snap-on cap and left it in my office over night. The
thought was to get the sample to Mr. Clifford Carnicom, as I believed he could have it analyzed in a
laboratory.
                              Original airborne fibrous material collected in jar

When we examined the jar of material on Monday 14 November, two-thirds to three-quarters of the
sample was gone. I photographed the jar, and what was left of the sample. We then tried to
hermetically seal it using packing tape around the cap and rim. It was hoped that perhaps a partial
pressure of the “evaporating” material developing in the jar would cause the air inside to become
saturated; impeding or halting erosion of the sample. This simple procedure appears to have had
limited success, as the sample did “survive” into the week.

On Tuesday, 15 November, we took photos of the jar once again. Some of the material was definitely
missing, but the loss was far less than during the first 24 hours. I also made a phone call to Ms. Fels, an
associate of Clifford Carnicom, that evening. She gave me contact information for Mr. Carnicom.

On Wednesday, 16 November, Mr. Carnicom and I had a very pleasant and productive conversation
regarding the events of Sunday 13 November.

It was most disappointing to learn that there was no chance of having a chemical analysis done on the
material. Imagine my surprise to find out that the Federal Environmental Protection Agency has no
interest in dealing with samples like my son had collected. This is the US government agency
chartered to protect citizens from hazardous chemicals in the air, water, and land! One has to wonder
why this tax-supported “agency representing the interests of the people” refuses to investigate
allegations, from tax-paying citizens, that SOMEONE is spraying the skies with chemicals
DETRIMENTAL to the environment we all live in. Adding insult to injury, they flatly refuse to even
examine physical samples of the alleged chemicals! WHO DO THESE PEOPLE THINK THEY WORK FOR??

Mr. Carnicom therefore suggested that I do what I could with the sample on my own. Naturally, he
urged the utmost care in dealing with the unknown material.
So, per Mr. Carnicom’s suggestions, I worked with the sample myself on Thursday 17 November. I
connected my Intel QX3 USB microscope to my main work PC. My wife set up a “safe as possible”
work area for me, with good ventilation and plenty of light. I took one last set of pictures of the jar,
and removed the sealing tape.




                                             10x magnification

I was not prepared for what happened when I popped the cap off the jar, though… It seems that when
we sealed the jar with the packing tape, it did build up a concentration of whatever this material
becomes when it breaks down. I was hit in the face with some sort of extremely noxious gas! My eyes
burned fiercely, and I began coughing desperately. There was a very strong metallic taste on my
tongue as well. It took several minutes to recover from this terrible bout. I worry what the long-term
effects might be, but in the short term I did not get sick or feel any incapacitation.

I was determined to continue, however. So, the sample was removed from the jar, and placed on a
glass plate. Using plastic tweezers, and a stainless steel penknife, I stripped what material was left
from the twigs and sticks. I place one-third into a sample container for storage in the freezer, and
another third into another container for storage in the refrigerator. The last third went into a capped
examination chamber for the microscope. All of the containers used were supplied with the Intel QX3
microscope. In all, the remaining sample amounted to about one tablespoon. Not much at all
considering the volume in the jar that first day. In the beginning, there was an estimated four
tablespoons worth.

I spent over an hour examining the material, and capturing images with the microscope software. The
examination included use of the 10x, 60x, and 200x magnification settings. It also saw the use of top,
and bottom lighting at low, medium, and high intensities.
                                             10x magnification

After capturing the images, they were processed in my PC for the web. It is only a gross examination,
as I have no facilities for a proper scientific analysis of the sample. The images are included with this
report for study by anyone who might be interested.




                                             60x magnification




I hope that my efforts have been of some service to the greater goal of exposing what some corrupt
authorities are doing to our skies, and to the inhabitants of the world.

                          Jeff Challender – 17 November 2005
This report, and accompanying images, may be freely reproduced and distributed. None of it
may be used for monetary profit in any form.
                    UNUSUAL MEDICAL FINDING
                                     Clifford E Carnicom
                                          Dec 07 2003
                                      Edited Jan 30 2004
                                      Edited Sep 05 2004

Additional Notes Sep 06 2004:

Test fibrous mass for reaction with introduction of iodine into lower gum region (blunt
syringe irrigation, tincture of iodine) or affected area. Consider dark-blue chemical
reaction, presence of and abundant release of insoluble fibers as a potential indicator of
amyloid presence. Chemical and fibrous reaction may be significant. Mechanical removal
appears to be difficult to impossible over extended period. Migration of fibrils in response
to various treatments appears to be possible.

Keywords for additional research :

actinomycosis
actinomycete
fungus
iodine
amyloid
prions
mycoplasma
insoluble protein fibrils
alzheimer's disease
degenerative tissue
proteins
starch
amyloidosis
prion diseases
Melzer's solution
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)
blood test for fungus



Additional Notes Jan 30 2004:

A second fibrous mass has been retrieved from the same general location within the teeth
as it has been described in the article below. The material has been retrieved from a depth
of approximately 1/4 inch below the gum line with a dental needle. A remaining source of
pain, although reduced, has existed since the removal of the first sample in Dec 2003. This
second sample appears to be identical in nature to the original one, and it is extremely
fibrous in nature. The differences between the photographs of Dec 2003 and Jan 2004
result from two main causes:
1. The use of methylene blue stain on the sample. The sample was resistant to a broad
variety of stains including eosin and iodine.
2. A dramatically improved digital microscope construction, which now allows
magnification to approx. 3000 without difficulty. Conventional visible light microscopy has
an upper magnification limit of approximately 2000x.

The extensive fibrous nature of the sample can be seen clearly in the microphotograph
immediately below. The size of the filaments measure from approximately 1 to 3 microns in
thickness. For comparison, abestos fibers are on the order of 2 microns. A human hair is on
the order of 60 to 100 microns n thickness.




                       Microphotograph of second fibrous sample.
                 Retrieved from lower gum. Magnification approx. 3000x.
             An unusual helix form has been found within the fibrous sample.
              Estimated size of helix approximately 10 microns in thickness.
                   The traces of the helix separations are barely visible
                              within this microphotograph.




                          Microphotograph of removed mass : Magnification ~15x
                                  Diameter of mass is approximately 1.5mm.
                     Note even circular form for a portion of the boundary at lower left.
                Irregular boundary is likely affected by needle instrument used for removal.
             Light spot at top is a combination of tissue and lighting conditions of microscope.

A personal dental medical situation has been under observation and examination for
approximately five months. The photographs and descriptions of these findings are being
made available due to the numerous sources that disclose the repeated findings of unusual
microscopic fibrous material within our environment, including a direct association with
the aerosol operations. In addition, a segment of the medical community has expressed an
interest in identifying the origin of unusual ailments apparently associated with the
presence of microscopic filaments within the skin. It is unknown whether any associations
exist between the current finding and the above circumstances, but the pertinent
information shall be made available for considerations.

Approximately five months ago I experienced a severe tooth ache in the second bicuspid in
the lower left jaw, being the the first problem of that type in my life. I aggresively pursued
the origin of the pain and found it to be most likely associated with the gum. A regimen
involving the use of a water pic and a dental needle was strictly followed, and some
progress on that tooth and gum soon followed. After several weeks of careful attention, the
majority of pain in that particular location had alleviated. This particular tooth is unusual
in that it has been described to me in early adult years as never having reached maturity,
and consequently is more eroded than is usual. Ultimately, it appears that this particular
tooth may have been more vulnerable to an infection or ailment, and thus may explain why
the pain first appeared at this location.

In an effort to try to identify the true orgin of the pain, gradual probing with the water pic
and dental needle was continued beyond the immediate area for several weeks. This
eventually led to the realization that the gum adjacent to several teeth of the lower left jaw
had also been affected to a milder degree, with particular attention eventually between the
central and left incisor of the lower jaw. The dental needle revealed a pointed source of
pain deep within the gum between those two teeth. This pain was not evident unless
sufficient probing to identify the source of any pain was completed. These circumstances
were established approximately two months ago, and they have remained generally in a
steady state until now.




Microphotograph : Magnification 60x
Darker border of central mass visible.
Less dense and highly fibrous materials surround the central mass

The difficulty that had arisen is that this source of pain could not be eliminated, regardless
of the attention and patience given over a several week to month period. No obvious
degradation or deterioration in the gum adjacent to the pain origin was visible.

With continued effort, approximately one month ago, two small but visible filaments were
removed from deep within the gum between these two teeth. Some time and effort were
expended under the microscope to analyze those fibers. Ultimately, no conclusions of
certainty could be reached on the affair, and the benefit of doubt was given to assume it
was most likely of a natural origin or from the use of a toothbrush. One fiber in particular
was tubular and transparent, and although the event may have been peculiar it could not
be interpreted as being extraordinary.




Microphotograph : Magnification 60x
Darker border of central mass visible.
Less Dense and highly fibrous materials surround the central mass.
Nature of fibrous materials slightly visible extending from border of central mass.

The findings of this day appear to be of a more unusual nature, however, and the facts of
observation should be made evident. On this morning, the process of probing with the
dental needle to the source of the pain continued. A visible mass eventually appeared at the
base of the two teeth mentioned. The size and solid form of the material did appear to be
unusual at that point, and it was subsequently collected for observation and analysis under
the microscope.
The mass is approximately 1.5mm in diameter, and at first glance might appear to be of
biological origin due to the reddish color. The most striking characteristic of the material,
however, is that it appears to be composed primarily of filaments. The first estimate of the
size of the fibers is on the order of approximately 5-10 microns in thickness. The central
core of the material is rather dense, and not suitable for examination under the microscope.
Various light arrangements, however, indicate that this central and generally circular mass
also appears to be of a filamentous or fibrous nature. This central core remains intact at
this point pending further evaluation. Several of the photographs on this page show the
transition between the denser central core and the less dense boundary. It is at the
boundary that numerous microsocopic filaments become visible, and that they can be seen
to radiate generally outward. Most of these fibers are of a transparent nature, and are
difficult to photograph adequately under low power because of light characterstics and
their small size. The number of fibers that can be seen appear to number on the order of
thousands to scores of thousands.




Microphotograph : Magnification 200x.
Fibrous nature of density transition zone visible.

Interspersed amongst the transparent fibers are occasional larger fibers. These fibers
appear to be transparent, red or blue in color. Some evidence of these less common fibers
are visible in the photographs on this page, and they are much more easily seen than the
bulk of radial transparent fibers. If the bulk of the mass is found to have an natural and
adequate explanation, attention will still be necessary to explain the additional larger and
often colored fibers.
The level of pain of removal of the mass indicates that the material may have been
integrated to a certain degree within the local nerve system.

It remains unclear at this point whether this mass of filamentous material is of biological or
synthetic origin, or a combination of the two. Priority remains for a natural biological
explanation of these events that have been described, but it is not available from this
researcher at this point in time. Perhaps those knowledgeable in microbiology at a higher
level will be forthcoming with a suitable examination and explanation.




Interspersed transparent or colored larger fibers are occasionally visible.
Colored fibers are usually blue or red. Blue and transparent fiber visible in this microphotograph.
Wet slide.Magnification 200x.
Fibrous nature more readily visible after drying of the sample.
                    Magnification 200x.
         Fibrous nature more readily visible after drying of the sample.
    Interspersed transparent or colored larger fibers are occasionally visible.
Colored fibers are usually blue or red. Blue fiber visible in this microphotograph.
                               Magnification 200x.




    Interspersed transparent or colored larger fibers are occasionally visible.
Colored fibers are usually blue or red. Blue fiber visible in this microphotograph.
                         Wet slide. Magnification 200x.
                                 Fibrous material of mass is slightly visible.
                         Direction of fiber orientation is generally radial. Wet slide.
                   Primary fibers appear to be on the order of 5-10 microns in thickness.
          Central mass also appears to be fibrous in nature, but density makes observation difficult.
                                             Magnification 200x.

Under normal dentistry conditions, it is thought that these events would likely be
undetected and unrecorded.


Clifford E Carnicom
Dec 07 2003


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EXTRAORDINARY BIOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS
                              Clifford E Carnicom
                             Santa Fe, New Mexico
                                  May 02 2004




     Original granular matrix material         Occasional and isolated circular
   collected from outdoor HEPA filter          biconcave structure apparently
 segment placed in weak saline solution.      reconstituted within weak saline
  Embedded cellular structures evident.      solution. Estimated diameter varies
 Concavity of internal structures slightly from ~3 microns to a maximum of ~10
     visible. Estimated size of internal   microns. Common full size reached 6-8
    cellular structures approximately 2    microns. Most structures released from
   microns. Numerous structures of this       matrix material show irregular or
  size and nature visible within HEPA-      broken reconstitution. Dessication of
 saline solution. No agar involved. Some internal smaller structures becomes a
      motile bacterial forms initially        consideration. No agar involved.
    observed. Note similarity to earlier           Magnification ~3000x.
     reports of biological atmospheric
     samples. Magnification ~3000x.
Petri dish with agar dish exposed to room where Petri dish exposed to six drops of HEPA filter
  HEPA samples were removed from HEPA           and weak saline solution. Major growth evident
  filter. Incubation period ~12hrs. Numerous      at test locations. Petri dish covered with lid
small colonies develop. Petri dish covered with     during incubation period. Several small
  lid during incubation period. Agar contains     colonies also visible. Colonies have white,
          small amount of beef bouillon.        milky appearance. Agar contains small amount
                                                                 of beef bouillon.




            Massive growth of concave cellular structures on agar culture solution.
            Various stages of reconstitution evident from ~2 microns original size to
                ~6-8 microns. Appears to involve reconstitution from dessicated
            structures. Tremendous variation in cellular wall shapes. Magnification
                                             ~3000x.




         Very high count of perfectly formed (reconstituted) circular biconcave cellular
     structures now exist throughout agar solution after 12hr incubation period. Size range
     from ~3 to ~8 microns, with maximum size reached of ~6-8 microns. Maximum size
        reached appears to be the end of a reconstitution process within a moist nutrient
    environment. No resemblance to bacterial forms is evident. Resemblance to
erythrocytes in shape, size, and structure is evident under microscopic examination.
                               Magnification ~3000x.




      Control and cultured agar plates after ~24hr incubation period. Cultures
       on control plate remain relatively constant. Cultures developed from
                 HEPA-weak saline solution continue to fluorish.
    Increased count of perfectly formed (reconstituted) circular biconcave cellular structures
         throughout agar solution after 24hr incubation period. Size range from ~3 to ~8
     microns, with maximum size reached of ~6-8 microns. Maximum size reached appears
        to be the end of a reconstitution process within a moist nutrient environment. No
     resemblance to bacterial forms is evident. Resemblance to erythrocytes in shape, size,
         and structure is evident under microscopic examination. Magnification ~3000x.




        Control microphotographs of human erythrocytes. Diameter 6-8 microns. Circular
         biconcave structure. Magnification ~3000x. All visual characteristics similiar to
     reconstituted samples recorded above. No stains used on any microphotographs; stains
       not required to establish visiblilty due to light adaptive capability of charge coupled
     device microscopic eyepiece. Eosin and methylene blue stains investigated, no obvious
    benefit from their use at this time. Deformation of cells in control photograph due to cell
                                               packing.

Additional Notes : Reference numerous prior articles on atmospheric biological samples
published on this site during the past five years. Reference refusal of EPA to identify
physical materials that have been demonstrated to contain biological materials of a similar
nature. Pursuit of positive identification of nature of material continues and remains as an
outstanding request. Haemin crystal testing is planned. This work is partially dependent
upon recent advances that have been made in microscopy methods and equipment.
Additional discussion may follow at a later date. Stem cell developments and applications,
along with properties and methods of biological dessication (freeze-drying, aerosols) are
now additional inherent topics of research. Reference 1977 U.S. Senate Hearings on
biological warfare operations conducted without informed consent. This page subject to
revision.

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   ERYTHROCYTES, MATRIX & MOTILE BACTERIA
                                    Clifford E Carnicom
                                         Dec 17 2002
                                    Edited Dec 31 2002
                                     Edited Jan 02 2003

Microscopic sessions have again been conducted upon particulates collected from an
outdoor HEPA filter in operation at Santa Fe, NM. It is with some dismay that I must
report that the earlier findings of unexpected biological components have again been
repeated. There now exists a continuous record of similar findings over a two to three year
period, and the issue has now evolved far beyond that of debate alone. The best analysis
available from a combination of sources continues to affirm the identification of the shown
biological components as being that of erythrocytes, or red blood cells. The refusal of the
United States Environmental Protection Agency to identify certain fibrous materials and
biological components within that material is deeply entrenched into these current findings.

Any efforts to confirm, refute, discredit or affirm the current findings must be done in a
public venue under professional laboratory conditions with independent verification. It is
acknowledged that the laboratory facilities available to this researcher are extremely
limited in scope, and they are inadequate to allow final judgment on the grave concerns
that are raised. The repetition of the findings from multiple methods and sources across a
long span of time is sufficient to mandate that such public and professional testing now
occur. The interests of the public welfare must be served in a legitimate manner, and
inflammatory debate prior to those test results is a moot exercise. In the interim, citizens
may wish to consider and act upon the health implications inherent within this report.
                    Biological components extracted from HEPA filter
                          Week of Dec 8 - 15 2002, Santa Fe NM
                               Approx. Magnification 5000x
                                Cell size approx 6-7 microns
                'Matrix" material visible on left side of microphotograph
          Concavities characteristic of erthryocytes visible under close inspection.

The samples identified appear to be composed of three primary structural features, which
are visible using multiple stain techniques:

The first component is that of the apparent erythrocytes. These usually occur in clusters,
although they occasionally occur individually. The cells appear to be of a dessicated form,
as has been mentioned and inferred from the onset of these findings over three years ago.
This conclusion is based upon the measurement of the cells in their original form, which
approximates 4 microns. A table of blood cell sizes for various species is available at this
page: Biological Operations Confirmed (Feb 25 2001). When the cells are subjected to
certain solutes, however, the cells enlarge and attain a final size of approximately 6 to 7
microns; this size approximates that of the human cell. Eosin and iodine stains have been
used in the current investigation; iodine appears to play a role in the reconstitution to the
larger size. Upon extended exposure to the iodine stain, the cells will eventually become
distorted and the characteristic biconcavities will diminish. The stain used, eosin or iodine,
is of value primarily for the visual detection of the matrix structure, and to enhance
contrast for the cell structures shown.

The second component within this discussion is to be designated as the 'matrix' material.
The composition of this structure is unidentified in all ways, other than it appears to be of a
definite biological nature. The term 'matrix' has been contributed by an independent
researcher involved in the video microscopy session referred to earlier, where a binding
structure within the earlier fibrous sample was observed and noted by that individual. The
term is used in the same sense here, as it appears this granular material may also serve a
binding function. It may also serve as a nutrient source to the bacteria which will be
described later. The cells are usually found to be interspersed within this matrix material.
The matrix is distinctively visible under both eosin and iodine stains.

The third and final component has not been observed in prior sessions, and is a result of
modifications to the sampling method that have developed. The method of sampling will be
described in more detail at a later stage. In the presence of a dilute eosin stain, a motile
form of bacteria can be repeatedly observed circulating in and about the granular matrix
structure. The bacteria (presumed) are extremely small in size, and are estimated at 1-2
microns in size. This size range is at the limit of visible light microscopy and thus futher
evaluation will be difficult from this station. The bacteria appear frequently in a combined
or colony form, and they appear to be attracted to the matrix - cellular structures. This
observed behavior is the basis of suggestion for the matrix serving as a potential nutrient
source for the bacteria. The dilute eosin stain makes the bacteria visible and does not cause
immediate death; the use of iodine stain in contrast immediately kills these bacteria under
observation. The species of bacteria observed requires prompt identification, along with all
other components that are shown. The ability to observe these bacteria in a live form is a
direct result of the solution method of sampling that has been incorporated into the current
research.




                    Biological components extracted from HEPA filter
                          Week of Dec 8 - 15 2002, Santa Fe NM
                              Approx. Magnification 5000x
                                Cell size approx 6-7 micron
               'Matrix" material visible on left side of microphotographs
          Concavities characteristic of erthryocytes visible under close inspection.

It may be beneficial to the reader to be familiar with the history of research on this topic,
which now demonstrates a remarkable consistency in the results that have been observed.
Earlier research over the last two to three years, at a minimum, is available on the
following pages:

                   Biological Components Identified, May 11 2000
              Additional Biological Components Identified, July 21 2000
                    Biological Operations Confirmed, Feb 25 2001
                      HEPA Biologicals Confirmed Mar 06 2001
                 Colorado HEPA Biologicals Confirmed Mar 16 2001
                         Biologicals Reaffirmed, April 08 2001
                        Identification Requested, April 19 2001
               Erythrocytes : Positive Visual Identification May 03 2001
                              Erythrocytes : May 22 2001
          EPA Refuses to Identify, Returns Sample, 18 Month Delay Jul 25 2001




                     Biological components extracted from HEPA filter
                           Week of Dec 8 - 15 2002, Santa Fe NM
                                 Approx. Magnification 500x
                                 Cell size approx 6-7 micron
                    'Matrix" material visible across span of sample.
              Concavities characteristic of erthryocytes visible with shading.

The presentation of the microphotographs on this page at a magnification of approximately
5000 times is an extension to typical light microscopy. The normal limit of magnfication
with visible light microscopy is on the order of 1000x to 2000x, and the collection of
adequate light at the higher magnification levels becomes increasingly difficult. A method
has been developed which combines the use of a digital eyepiece(CCD-charge coupled
device) with a conventional microscope objective. This method, combined with the use of
oil immersion techniques, has provided for the greater magnification of images shown here.
Availability of adequate light as well as resolution remain as limiting factors as to what can
be accomplished with available equipment..

          PRELIMINARY VIDEO OF INDIVIDUAL BACTERIA IN MOTION
                  OUTSIDE BOUNDARY OF MATRIX MATERIAL
          (.AVI FILE , 10sec., 370K, Download and Use Windows Media Player)




                             Peculiar double nuclei structure.
                        Isolated example found and photographed.
                                Magnification approx 500x.
              Note similiarity to image captured from fibrous material video
                                      on May 11, 2000
                             (Dark Field Microscopy Session)
                        May 11 2000 Biological Component Report

The method of collection and sampling is as follows:

A HEPA filter has again been placed outdoors in a highly rural environment. The elevation
of the filter during the most recent session is at approximately 6 feet above ground level.
Earlier sessions have had the filter approximately 12 feet above ground level. The filter was
operated full time for approximately 5 days before the sampling process began. The filter
element was temporarily removed, and small sections of the filter were removed with small
scissors before returning the filter to operation outdoors. Approximately 3 to 4 sections of
the paper filter element approximately 5mm by 15mm were removed for each trial. The
small cuts from the filter element were then placed into approximately 3-4ml of distilled
water within a test tube and allowed to stand for approximately 15 minutes at room
temperature. Some trials allowed the solution to be warmed to approximately 75-80deg F.
with external heat, and also the test tube was shaken at various intervals. Two drops of the
solution were then placed onto a microscope slide. Intitial tests were conducted with the use
of eosin stain, which allows cytoplasm detection. One drop of eosin stain was added to the
two drops of solution on the slide and a slide cover placed on top to create a wet slide.
Detection and magnification of the various components up to a maximum of 5000x was
then accomplished. Additional trials used iodine stains, with the differences in visibility of
the various components as described above. The use of the dilute eosin stain allows the
bacteria to be observed alive; the use of the iodine stain appears favorable to the matrix
detection. Sampling was conducted consecutively for approximately 5 days with the same
results being achieved on each occasion.


Additional notes as of Dec 31, 2002:

The following statement has recently been made available by a citizen on the public
message board attached to www.carnicom.com (Dec 31 2002). The information presented is
considered to be of significant bearing upon the current investigation, and is therefore
made available for the public to consider. Additional observational comments will be made
at the end of this statement.

"Cliff carefully documented and described the methodology that he used in this test, telling
how he carefully soaked the filters in distilled water for 15 minutes, then looked at the
water under a microscope, and he even showed us photos of what he saw. Well, as I told
you all two weeks ago, on your very own "research" page, it is absolutely impossible that
what the objects you see there are red blood cells. Why? Because if you put red blood cells
in distilled water, they swell up and burst, destroying themselves, within a matter of
seconds! That's why.

You see, red blood cells are not designed to live in a neutral environment. They are
designed to live in a SALTY environment. If the salt content is LESS than about 0.5%,
then red blood cells absorb too much water, swell up, and burst. If the environment is too
salty (more than about 1.5%), then they release too much water, and shrivel up. For a red
blood cell to survive, it needs to be in an evironment where the salt content is around 1%.
Too high or two low kills it, and it destroys itself.

So, seeing that Cliff did his experiment in DISTILLED water, any red blood cells that
MIGHT have been there were certainly destroyed. So, whatever those things are in the
photos that he showed us, they most certainly are NOT red blood cells.

They look quite a lot like pollen, to me."

Additional notes: (CEC 12-31-02)

Before commenting further on the above statement, the following two statements from the
presentation on this page will be repeated:

First:

"The cells appear to be of a dessicated form, as has been mentioned and inferred from the
onset of these findings over three years ago."

Second:

"Any efforts to confirm, refute, discredit or affirm the current findings must be done in a
public venue under professional laboratory conditions with independent verification.The
interests of the public welfare must be served in a legitimate manner, and inflammatory
debate prior to those test results is a moot exercise."

The following observations and coments are made to further assist with the questions that
have been raised by this researcher, as well as those presented within the refutation claim
made above:

The factual information offered by the party above is beneficial, and it may have a
significant bearing on the final identification of the components repeatedly identified and
photographed. Unfortunately, the statement does not encompass all of the information that
can now be discerned from sustained observation, it does not fully consider the potential
effects from the first statement itemized above (if borne out to be a valid observation) and
it does not satisfy the primary requirement of the second statement. No finality on this issue
will be reached until the proper appealed for tests are conducted.

The essentials of the statement as provided by the third party are true, at least as is
evidenced by direct observation from this researcher. I have sampled my own blood, placed
that sample within distilled water, and have noted the observations under the microscope
for about a ten minute period. After the elapse of this time, eosin stain was used to provide
visibility of the cells. Human blood cells, unmodified in any fashion, and placed into
distilled water, follow the behavior essentially as described by this party. There is some
variance in the level of distortion and destruction reached by individual cells within a given
time period. The sensitivity of erthryocytes to saline conditions is undoubtedly an
important characteristic and it is helpful for the identification of cells which are known to
be unmodified from their source, and the contribution to that end is sincerely
acknowledged. Since to my knowledge none of the parties (myself included) evaluating this
subject has claimed professional biological expertise, certain ambiguities are going to
remain until the proper testing procedures under the conditions specified are conducted.
The importance of the second itemized statement is again affirmed.

The inconsistencies and problems that remain are as follows:

The components presented may involve a process of dessication. If this supposition is
correct, it indicates a significant modification to the original cellular form that may
produce notable variations in behavior with respect to solutes. This supposition is based
upon the varying behavior of the size of the cells under certain stains, solutes and liquids
over a period of time, as well as their subsequent deterioration of form as referred to in the
factual statement that has been quoted. The statement provided by the third party may not
at all be inconsistent with observations that have been and continue to be conducted;
additional work to this end is required. Again, the need for proper testing separate from
inadequate discussion and remote evaluation remains. The health professional who made
the original observations of similar components within fibrous material delivered to the
EPA (with a subsequent refusal to identify that material) made a similar initial
assesssment; that is, the prospect of dessication appeared to be a distinct possibility. In
addition, further modifications must also be allowed for in the nature of the cellular
components due to the unexpected conditions from which they have been sampled. It may
be a completely inadequate approach to assume the behavior of the components presented
follows in behavior to that of unmodified cells from a live source.

If one allows for the prospect of variable behavior in the comparison of presumed
dessicated cells with live cells directly from a human source, the current observations again
are not inconsistent with the third party quote. Referring to the recent live cell test with
distilled water, the visual characterstics remain remarkably similar to what has been
observed. Even though varying levels of distortion and enlargement of the cells take place,
the biconcave structure of the engorged cells often still remains clearly discernible and
distinctive. The majority of cells show significant deterioration within a few minutes time to
where they are largely unrecognizable, other cells are disturbed relatively little and
maintain the circular biconcave form distinctive of erythrocytes. The variation of size that
occurs is also not inconsistent with observations that have been made of cells apparently
under stress when placed in various solutions; an increased size from 4 to 7 microns
commonly transpires and eventual amorphous distortion frequently occurs. Again, only
proper testing will resolve these ambiguities.

An additional concern that remains, and which appears to be inadequately addressed by
the quote above, is that of the conglomerate biological form which is under scrutiny. It will
be necessary to consider the sum of observations that have been presented. These include
the frequent appearance of what has been designated as the matrix material usually
binding the cellular structures. This would appear to be a distinct cytoplasmic based
structure, due to the receptiveness of the eosin and iodine stains. Observation from the
perspective of the internet is again insufficient on this matter, and proper testing with
independent verification is required. The joint appearance of these two dissimilar forms,
cellular and granular, will require adequate explanation and identification.

A remaining issue is the apparent abundant and repeated presence of a motile bacterial
(assumed bacterial at this stage) form within the conglomerate shown. The apparent
attraction of these bacteria to the granular and cellular forms is of special interest, and also
requires proper identification and testing. Observations at this time appear to indicate
biological form of animal nature as opposed to the plant kingdom. Species type, if
applicable, remains another open topic of investigation.

Lastly, any claims of 'looking like pollen' appear to be woefully inadequate at this time.
The question of pollen forms has been and remains under consideration by this researcher.
Efforts have been made to identify certain common forms of pollen that occur in this
region, and photographs to that effect under the microscope are also documented within
this site. The pollens of pine and juniper are quite distinctive in form as well as in a
completely separate class with respect to sizes measured. At this time, no common
biconcave circular forms of pollen in the size range of approximately four to seven microns
of distinctive color, attractive to motile bacteria and enmeshed within a biological granular
structure have been identified. Research on this topic can remain as an open prospect to all
concerned parties.

In summary, the report as presented on this site, as well as those of similar finding which
have accrued over the past several years, remains as stated. The conditions of proper
testing and identification remains; limited merit and attention is to be given to armchair
discussion on the serious questions that are raised. It is my hope that the findings within
this report can ultimately be rejected as false; this is unfortunately not the case under the
current conditions.

Clifford E Carnicom
Dec 31 2002


Additional Notes: (CEC 01-02-03)
Any subsequent comments that have been made by any party to the effect that certain
"flaws" in an"experiment" have been acknowledged by myself are mispresentative of the
reported findings, and they are inaccurate. This statement extends to the originator of the
quotation cited above. This report describes a set of current and historical observations as
well as an original and repeated call for complete and proper testing to serve the public
interest, and the results of this work stand without qualification or exception.

Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 02 2003

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                          ERYTHROCYTES:
                              MAY 22
                                    Clifford E Carnicom
                                        May 22 2001

Positive visual identification of erythrocytes, or red blood cells, has again taken place from
atmospheric samples collected in Santa Fe NM on May 22 2001. The method of
electrostatic precipitation has again been used. Extensive counts of clusters of cells and the
surrounding matrix material which readily absorbs an iodine stain were found on the
microscope slides analyzed. The atmospheric samples were subjected to both sound and
vapor fields to increase aggregation, in addition to exposure to the high voltage, low
current electrical field.

The bi-concave surfaces, circular shapes, and dimensions of the structures again clearly
identify the structures shown as erythrocytes. Measurements taken again show the size of
the cells as approximately 6 microns. This represents a total of 7 out of 8 tests that have
shown themselves to be a positive visual identification of erythrocyte characteristics. Both
electrostatic precipitation and HEPA direct filtering techniques have been repeatedly used
with identical results.

Magnification of the images shown below is approximately 5000x, obtained with the use of
an oil immersion objective in combination with a digital coupler.
              Magnification approx. 5000x
Bi-concavity characteristic of erythrocytes readily visible.
                               Magnification approx. 5000x
                 Bi-concavity characteristic of erythrocytes readily visible.

Clifford E Carnicom
May 22 2001

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                          ERYTHROCYTES:
                          POSITIVE VISUAL
                          IDENTIFICATION
                                     Clifford E Carnicom
                                         May 03 2001

Positive visual identification of erythrocytes, or red blood cells, is now apparent from the
microphotographs which are presented on this page. The samples shown are taken from
atmospheric testing in Santa Fe, NM using the methods of electrostatic precipitation as
described earlier.

The bi-concave surfaces, circular shapes, and dimensions of the structures shown are an
indisputable match with that of erythrocytes. Professionals, citizens, activists and
researchers are requested to conduct these tests independently for verification or refutation
of what has been repeatedly presented through recent atmospheric analysis.

The magnification achieved on this most recent analysis makes the case quite clearly that
biological components are now a regular feature of the atmosphere that we all breathe.
This is in addition to the saturated level of particulate matter that has been documented at
an equal level of veracity, along with the obvious degradation in visibility that is now all too
apparent. Crimes of the highest order are being perpetrated on the citizens without their
knowledge or consent. The citizens of this country must confront this issue in a public and
vocal forum with urgency.

Any positive refutation of the results shown on this page by any responsible party will be
immediately presented. Any refutation will require a duplication of the collection and
analysis methods that have been employed. Sincere and genuine efforts to examine these
findings in an honest fashion is invited and encouraged.
              Magnification approx. 5000x
Bi-concavity characteristic of erythrocytes readily visible.




              Magnification approx. 5000x
Bi-concavity characteristic of erythrocytes readily visible.
                                Magnification approx. 5000x
                  Bi-concavity characteristic of erythrocytes readily visible.




                                Magnification approx. 5000x
                  Bi-concavity characteristic of erythrocytes readily visible.

Specifics of collection in this case are as follows:
Samples are collected by electrostatic precipitation as described earlier. Air volume also
exposed to a humidifier during processing to enhance aggregation. Samples collected on
clean microscope slides. Wet mount slides using eosin stain prepared prior to digital image
collection. Dessication appears to remain a viable consideration, as some cells appeared to
reconstitute to a degree from the eosin stain. Degradation of the cell structure appears to
occur over extended exposure to this particular stain. Images viewed with an immersion oil
objective at 1000x, and joined with a digital coupler to achieve a magnification of
approximately 5000x. Results are in complete agreement and concordance with previous
analyses at lower levels of magnification using both electrostatic precipitation and HEPA
filter techniques. Size of the cells measure from 4 to 7 microns.

Any corrections or revisions to the information presented here will be made as is
appropriate.

Clifford E Carnicom
May 03 2001

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                EUKARYOTE PRESENCE?
                                    Clifford E Carnicom
                                        May 02 2001

Electrostatic precipitation air samples analyzed on May 01 2001 and on numerous previous
occasions are revealing the repeated presence of what appears to be a eukaryotic, or
nucleated cell type. Professional assistance with identification of the materials being shown
herein is again openly and fully requested. Previous calls for professional assistance with
the identification of biological components repeatedly identified within atmospheric
samples, accomplished through electrostatic precipitation as well as with HEPA filters,
have remained unheeded. Capability for digital presentation of the imagery remains below
that available through optical examination with the microscope. Initial analysis using an oil
immersion objective at 1000x indicates the presence of a nucleus and an internal
granulated structure; analysis at this level of magnification is preliminary and requires
further effort. Motility is not evident. Pollen does not appear to be a viable alternative of
identification; familiarity exists with both juniper and pine pollen resident to this area.
These findings have been withheld to a point of repetition that now requires identification.
                                Magnification approx 2000x
                                Size Approx. 30-40microns.

The structures being shown have been repeatedly and consistently identified within
numerous air samples that have been collected. The structures shown are stained with
eosin, which is readily absorbed. Malachite green dye is also readily absorbed. Heat fixing
of the slides upon which the samples are collected appears to destroy the structures. The
size of the cells approximates 30 to 40 microns, and they are easily visible with fairly low
magnification with the use of eosin stain. Eukaryote cells commonly range from 10 to 100
microns in size. Bacteria commonly range from .5 to 10 microns in size. Viruses commonly
range from .04 to .1 microns. It is presumed that the size of the structures should make
identification relatively easy by knowledgeable parties. Any revision or corrections to this
report will be made as is appropriate.

The following comment on eosin stain is available at
:http://www.abbeycolor.com/eosin.htm:

"Eosin is vital in medicine and biological science to show details in cells and
microorganisms. It highlights cell granules and nuclei, and mast cells (cells that create
other cells). Eosin demonstrates the presence of viruses borne by mosquitoes, or early
necrobiotic changes. It is used to characterize tissue cells, protozoans and bacteria. Eosin's
most important medical uses are in blood and bone-marrow testing."

In addition, from http://www.cba.arizona.edu/Histo/stains.html:
"H&E (hematoxylin and eosin): H&E is the most commonly requested histologic stain. The
Gill's hematoxylin/eosin Y technique stains nuclei blue and cytoplasm, muscle and
connective tissue pink to red."

Professional identification of the structures shown is of paramount importance to the
general public.

It may be of interest to make known, according to Microbiology, Torra, 2001 that viruses
must be grown in living host cells. This reference also states that animal viruses are
cultured using three primary methods : 1. The use of living animals. 2. embryonated eggs 3.
cell cultures.

Macrophages are one cell type under investigation.

Further assistance is required to resolve the questions that are being raised from this
finding, and it is appreciated. Duplication of methods of testing and analysis is encouraged.
Any further information provided will be incorporated into this report.




                                Magnification approx 480x
                                 Size Approx. 40microns.
                 Cluster of cellular structures.
Most cells appear individually; clusters are occasionally found.
                  Magnification approx 480x
          Individual Cell Size Approx. 30-40microns.


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      APR 08 2001 :
BIOLOGICALS REAFFIRMED
                     Clifford E Carnicom
                          Apr 08 2001
The abundant presence of biological components within an atmospheric sample processed
by electrostatic precipitation in Santa Fe, NM on April 08, 2001 is again demonstrated.
These biological components occurring within a maxtrix or base material by all
appearances again satisfy the visual properties of erythrocytes, or red blood cells. The
material presented on this page is identical to that of 4 previous samples also evaluated
through the combination of electrostatic precipitation and HEPA filter analysis. The
electrostatic precipitator was in operation for approximately 1 1/2 hours in the open air at
approximately 4 feet above ground level on the afternoon of Apr 08 2001. Collections
devices again were cleaned glass microscope slides. Various stains are under evaluation,
however, the matrix material surrounding the cells appears especially receptive to an
iodine stain that enhances the contrast for identification and observation. Note again the bi-
concave nature visible within several of the cells and the size which again has been
measured at 5 microns. Magnification of the images is approximately 2000x. Five of six
atmospheric samples that vary with respect to location and time have produced these
identical results. Aircraft aerosol operations over Santa Fe, NM were especially active and
intense during several days that preceded the collection, with a particular emphasis upon
Apr 04 2001. Visibility for several days after Apr 04 was progressively degraded, including
the day of this sampling. I have no history of allergic reactions prior to 1999, however, I did
experience allergic reactions during this same period of affected visibility. Juniper pollen
grains were not identified during this most recent analysis. Filming of ionized particulate
matter in the atmosphere has again taken place as adjunct evidence to these events.

An public appeal remains open for the professional independent evaluation of these
materials which are consistently and repeatedly being identified within atmospheric
samples bridging both time and geographic region. The methods of collection have been
freely described, require limited resources and they are accessible to the general public.
There exists an ethical and a moral responsibility to the general public for positive
identification and testing of the materials which are being found and shown for review.
Discourse and speculation are insufficient; positive identification is a requirement.
Clifford E Carnicom
Apr 08 2001
              BIOLOGICAL OPERATIONS
                   CONFIRMED
                                      Clifford E Carnicom
                                           Feb 25 2001
                      Edited Feb 28 2001, Edited Mar 15 2001, Edited Mar 21 2001

The process of electrostatic precipitation has been used to examine atmospheric samples in
Santa Fe NM for particulate matter. The method used to establish the results presented
herein are described on the page Electrostatic Precipitation Method Developed. During this
investigation, it has been revealed that the atmosphere does contain inordinate biological
components, which are by the the best visual analysis currently available, red blood cells.
Red blood cells, possibly of a dessicated nature due to their reduced size, appear to have
been identified in any and all of three separate atmospheric samples examined as a direct
result of electrostatic precipitation tests conducted. The double concavity characteristic of
red blood cells has been repeatedly identified in each sample that has been acquired. The
normal size of human red blood cells is 7 to 8 microns in size. The size estimate of the cells
measured thus far appears to range between 4 to 6 microns. Dessication of the cells remains
a high consideration in the explanation of the cell size (in light of previous research
presented on Biological Components Identified), as well as consideration that will be given
to alternative species. Both individual cells and well as numerous clusters of cells have been
identified. The cells in essentially all cases are surrounded by what appears to be binding
organic materials. The amount of cells which occur on a microscopic slide exposed within
the electrostatic apparatus for approximately 1 hour number in the scores. The work
conducted must be under conditions of low relative humidity in order to generate sufficient
voltage. Visibility of the materials has been enhanced through the use of iodine stain. The
need for professional biological identification, medical and legal involvement, and the
devotion of equipment and resources at a national level on these findings is now critical.

Biological components as an aspect of the aerosol operations up to this time have been
considered as being of a limited nature, with their significance and relevance to overall
agendas remaining unknown. These findings drastically alter that interpretation, and
biological operations must now be considered as a major and dominant consideration
within the aerosol operations.

The methods of electrostatic precipitation outlined are now available for all researchers,
professionals and activists across the nation to employ. The results being presented here
can now be tested, refuted or confirmed by all parties with sufficient motivation and
resources. It is noted that all three atmospheric samples have tested positive for the
existence of these biological components, conducted on Feb 24 and Feb 25 2001 in Santa Fe
NM. The need to conduct these tests and to perform the qualifying research is now
paramount to the welfare of all citizens.

Research related to these findings will continue, and additional information will be
presented as circumstances warrant. Air filtration and testing by more conventional
methods involving HEPA filters also remains in progress.
    Red Blood Cells, Concavities Visible, approx. 2000x
     Atmospheric Sample Santa Fe NM Feb 25 2001




Red Blood Cells and encapsulating materials, approx. 2000x
     Atmospheric Sample Santa Fe NM Feb 24 2001
Red Blood Cells and encapsulating materials, approx. 2000x
     Atmospheric Sample Santa Fe NM Feb 24 2001




Human Blood Illustration (Note Characteristic Bi-concavity)
  Source: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, DK 1998
              Electrostatic Precipitator Construct - Van de Graaf Generator

                               ADDITIONAL RESEARCH:

                              Table of Red Blood Cell Sizes
                        Source : Veterinary Hematology by Schalm

                                                   Size in
                                     Species
                                                   Microns
                                       Dog           7.0
                                       Pig           6.0
                                      Horse          5.8
                                       Cat           5.8
                                      Cow            5.8
                                      Sheep          4.5
                                      Goat           3.2

                                                   Size in
                                     Species
                                                   Microns
                                    Primate -
                                                      ~7
                                    Monkey
                                     Human            ~7

The following reply was received from a professional when an inquiry was sent requesting
the size of primate blood cells:

"For all practical purposes i.e. lab equipment they are the
same size as human rbcs - 6-8 or approx. 7 microns in dia. - but in
reality some species may be bigger such as the baboon. One old ref that
may be helpful is: Comp. Biochem. Physiol, 1977, pp 379-383, Pergamon
press. This ref states rhesus rbcs are 6 microns in diameter. Perhaps
MCV would be a better value to evaluate and it is easily found in the
literature."

This response is appreciated.

Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 02 2001

Purdue University
Veterinary Hematology Slide Review

Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 25 2001


            Addtional items recently identified under the microscope include:

                                Mar 21 2001 : Juniper Pollen




                    Electrostatic Precipitation Sample : Juniper Pollen
            Electrostatic Precipitation Exposure Time Approximately 1 Hour
                            Approximate magnification 1000x.
    Distinguishing characteristics : star-shaped center depression, size 25 -35 microns.
                         Image on right measured at 32 microns.
                             Library juniper pollen image from
                                      www.pollen.com

Edited Feb 28 2001
Edited Mar 15 2001
Edited Mar 21 2001

                        Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page




                  COLORADO HEPA
              BIOLOGICALS CONFIRMED
                                    Clifford E Carnicom
                                        Mar 16 2001

A second HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air) filter sample has now been analzyed
under the microscope. This filter was received from Aspen, Colorado, a high altitude
region. This filter was exposed to the outside atmosphere for a duration of five days at
approximately 15 feet above ground level. This HEPA filter also clearly shows the frequent
presence of biological materials. Again, the best visual analysis available at this time
indicates that these cellular materials appear to be erythrocytes (red blood cells). This is
indicated by the uniformity, the color, the size and the bi-concave nature of the cells. The
sizes of the cells again measure at approximately 5 microns in diameter. Encapsulating or
binding materials again surround the majority of the cells that are found. The results of
this analysis are completely and exactly identical with the first HEPA filter analysis and the
electrostatic precipitation results from Santa Fe, New Mexico. This latest review is now the
4th atmospheric sample that has been analyzed under the microscope, and the results are
identical for each. Two earlier airbone samples of fibrous samples, as have been received
the EPA without acknowledgement, also show the presence of similiar biological
components.
These results again demonstrate the urgent need for independent, professional and
verifiable biological identification and medical analysis of the samples which are being
disclosed.




                    Biologicals Identified within HEPA Filter Cartridge
                                  Note Concavities Visible
                                   Exposure Time : 5 days
                               Magnification : Approx. 2000x

The only sufficient resolution to the questions raised is that of testing and
positive identification. Discourse is insufficient.

The visibility of the binding or base material, and consequently the cells by the process of
contrast, appears to be significantly enhanced with the use of an iodine stain. A dessication,
or freeze-drying process remains a viable consideration because of the reduced size (note
earlier studies), as well as the consideration of alternative species. Any corrections to these
findings will be presented as they are appropriate.

It is urgent that the sampling process now be extended across the entire nation. Two
locations within the U.S. separated by approximately 250 miles straight line distance are
showing identical results. The methods and equipment for HEPA filtering are relatively
inexpensive and accessible, and are described on a previous page. It is requested that such
samples be sent for professional, independent and verifiable analysis, and the results
disclosed to the public for review. Citizens are free to contact me with sample filters if they
have no other resources available to them.
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 16 2001




                  Biologicals Identified within HEPA Filter Cartridge
                       Note Concavity Visible Within Lower Cell
                                 Exposure Time : 5 days
                             Magnification : Approx. 2000x
Biologicals Identified within HEPA Filter Cartridge
               Exposure Time : 5 days
           Magnification : Approx. 2000x


       CONTROL INFORMATION ONLY
          CONTROL ANALYSIS : Human Blood Cells - Bi-concavities Visible
             Magnification : Approx. 2000x - Estimated Size : 7 microns

Edited Mar 22 2001

                     Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page




                     GEL COMPONENTS
                                     October 8 2000
                     Sample submitted to and posted by C.E. Carnicom
                                             500x

 A gel sample shown on this page and collected in the Pacific northwest has recently been
received. This sample is identical in appearance to two previously identified samples. The
material of this sample is more substantive, and has been placed under the microscope and
 subjected to an iodine stain. There is what appears to be a clear cellular structure within
 the gel material itself. In addtion, there are cellular bodies which absorb the iodine stain
    readily and become darkened in color. Both of these features are identifiable in the
   microphotographs shown below. Reports of serious ill health have been reported in
association with this gel material. Microphotographs at 500x and 2400x are shown below.

The following statement has been received on Oct 8 2000 regarding this sample :

"When I found the gel I was at the time going through a battle with social services. I am a
home caregiver for my handicapped brother and a single mom of a 3 year old. I work at
home and have been studying and working on getting exposure of chemtrails for the last
year. I have been working with a great group of people networking to get the facts out. In
July around the 16th or so I noticed on a throw rug a glob of goo. I was distracted and
cleaned it with a tissue and threw it away. I had no idea what it was. Then I found the same
stuff on a shirt that was in a laundry basket I had left on the deck. I took the gel off with a
tissue and washed the shirt. The stain was on for several washes. Then I found my ceramic
bird feeder knocked off the deck and on it was a huge glob. Then it dawned on me what
this could be. I brought it in and after sticking a fork in it and watching it pull out in a
string and then form back into the gel when you finally managed to get it off the fork. I
threw the fork out and grabbed a plastic bag and wrapped it up and stuck it in the freezer.
Now at this time my freezer did not freeze but it did stay real cold. I then forgot about it as
I was in the middle of a guardianship battle with social services. My son found another glob
on his green Power Ranger toy that had been left out. He had his finger in it and was
saying "what is this stuff?". I grabbed the toy and threw it in the sink without thinking and
that glob slithered down the sink! I scrubbed my sons hands. I got a new freezer 2 or 3
weeks later and took the bird feeder out of the old and before I put it in the freezer I took a
peek at it. It looked exactly the same. Just a little more solid due to it was pretty cold,
maybe 35 degrees or 40. Just not freezing as I could not even get ice cubes. Well it stayed in
the freezer a while until I got the freedom to get it sent. I have quite a big glob so decided to
split it up in to 4 samples. When I took it out of the freezer to my amazement I noticed that
it had spread out over the feeder and it had a mold growing on top of it! I let it thaw to split
it and it maintained its original flexibility except it seemed more fluid and it now had black
spots which were the mold spores I had seen. Please note that the original plastic bag I used
was a bag that had had oranges (probably) in it so some contamination may come from
that but I did not let the bag touch the sample. I also touched it with my finger. All other
objects were sterilized with boiling water before touching and samples were double bagged
with ziplocks. Small airplanes and helicopters both have flown at a low altitude over my
house. Twice a small black helicopter flew very low as I was out talking with the neighbor
lady. We both saw them. I have looked all over my yard and the surrounding area and
have found no other samples of gel. All objects hit with this gel were on my deck. I am
willing to answer any questions and I'm not hiding. If anyone wants to ask me anything,
perhaps it could be done through the message board on your site.
CK"




                                              500x
               2400x




               2400x

Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page
         "ORANGE MARKER" QUESTION
                                 AUGUST 17 2000
Over the course of several months, many individuals that participate within the message
board attached to www.carnicom.com have become aware of the following unusual event.
Under ultra-violet light (i.e., blacklight), there are bright flourescent orange spots on the
face of the observer, and especially so in the nasal area. It is reported commonly that the
orange spots are difficult, if not impossible to remove, through normal cleansing. The
appearance of these bright orange spots, visible only under ultra-violet radiation, was
confirmed by myself several months ago. More recently, one participant, by the name of
"Moose", has recorded that the material can be extracted by a forced squeeze of the skin
surrounding the orange spots. The extended curiosity of this particular researcher is
appreciated, and I have been able to easily confirm his results. As he states, the flourescent
material extends beneath the surface of the skin layer, and apparently the nasal oils are
permeated at depth with the unusual color.

It has been suggested by many of these observers that this unnaturally bright flourescent
orange color may be a biological marker of some sort. I am not aware of any historical
record of bright flourescent orange spots on the facial area of the human species. As such,
the question of a biological marker being used without an individual's knowledge presents
itself as a reasonable claim to investigate.

Two micro-photographs of this extracted material will be presented on this page. The
materials shown are oils of the nasal area removed as described above. Magnification of the
images is at 60x. An image is also presented under the microscope under ultra-violet light.
The ultra-violet light available for microscopy is insufficiently bright to reveal the bright
orange color of the material, however, the flourescent nature of it can be seen. The bright
orange color is easily visible to the naked eye under ultra-violet light. While it is understood
that these micro-photographs may not be especially visually appealing, they are presented
in the broader context of the goal aimed at the scientific explanation of the observations
recorded.

It would be beneficial for anyone with adequate knowledge in the health professions to
expain what is being recorded by numerous observers that have had the motivation to
investigate this phenomenon. It would also be helpful for anyone with laboratory resources
to identify the source of the bright orange color that is commonly being reported and
observed. Any comments regarding this research question can be posted publicly on the
message board attached to www.carnicom.com, or email can be sent to
cecarnicom@hotmail.com.

The observations described and recorded can be investigated by naked eye observation
from anyone with access to ultra-violet light (e.,g. a blacklight). Please also refer to the
numerous posts on this subject by many interested parties on the message board attached
to www.carnicom.com, especially under the Physical Samples Research forum topic.
The microphotographs referred to above now follow:




                            Extracted Oils from Nasal Region
                                    Visible Light - 60x
                      Appears Bright Orange Under Ultra-Violet Light




                         Extracted Oils from Nasal Region
                              Ultra Violet Light - 60x
                Luminance Sufficient Only to Demonstrate Flouresence
                      Appears Bright Orange To Naked Eye

Clifford E Carnicom
August 17 2000

                        .Back to Contrail\Chemtrail Main Page
             BIOLOGICAL COMPONENTS
                   IDENTIFIED
                                         May 11 2000
                              copyright 2000 by Clifford E Carnicom




   Biological components have now been identified in the two ground samples previously
      analyzed on www.carnicom.com. Numerous red blood cells, white blood cells, and
   unidentified cell types have been found within the sub-micron fiber sample previously
presented and submitted on Jan 20 2000 to Carol M. Browner, Administrator of the United
States Environmental Protection Agency. To date, Ms. Browner has refused to identify the
   sample delivered to her by certified mail, and to disclose those results to the American
public. A visual analysis has now been conducted with a professional quality microscope on
May 7 2000 that reveals the important discovery above. More information and images from
    this analysis will be presented in the future. Depicted above is one of two remarkable
 discoveries of clustered red blood cells which become readily visible after being subjected
    to immersion oil. The cells appear to be of a freeze-dried or dessicated nature in their
      original form within the microscopic fibers. Isolated and individual blood cells are
  interspersed throughout both of the samples which have previously been described. The
 surface of the cells appear to be modified in some way, but electron microscopy will likely
   be required to establish further detail. Professional medical analysis of the images and
chemical analysis of the fibers, and the subsequent disclosure of those results, now exists as
                                      a fundamental need.

  The individual that provided the images herein and those that will follow shall remain
anonymous. I was a witness to the events that have been recorded. The source material for
  the images presented herein has been duplicated and distributed to numerous locations
              across the United States, and it is secured by various methods.

    The ramifications of this recent discovery establish sufficient cause for widespread
      involvement of the American people in this issue, and for subsequent criminal
                       investigations and Congressional hearings.

Clifford E Carnicom
May 11 2000

                      ADDITIONAL MICROPHOTOGRAPHS OF
                      BIOLOGICAL COMPONENTS IDENTIFIED
                                     Posted May 15 2000




                      Red Blood Cells Identified in Ground Samples

              BROADCAST DISSEMINATION OF TRACE QUANTITIES
               OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE CHEMICALS : PATENT

                       PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS
                      CONTAINING HOLLOW FINE TUBULAR
                          DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS


                   ADDITIONAL MICROPHOTOGRAPHS OF
             BIOLOGICAL AND UNIDENTIFIED COMPONENTS FROM
                        MAY 7 2000 VIDEO SESSION
                                     Posted June26 2000
Several of the objects within the video stills from the microscopic session posted within this
  series remain unidentified. These include the double cells, as well as the blue and green
   materials shown above. The object in the upper left of this series has been tentatively
  identified as a white blood cell. Repeated observations of each cell type or object shown
           here occurred and were recorded within the microscopic video session.
            RECENT POST FROM THE SOURCE ON THE MESSAGE BOARD:
                               MAY 25 2000

Cell Antigen Fixative

I did some digging about the web and found that there are several preparations
that are used to "fix" cells so that thier antigenic structure stays intact. The
antigenic sites or structures on the surface of a cell are the parts of the cell or
micro organism ( infection) our immune system codes to. One particular fixative
is known as Bouins Fix. It's ingredients are as follows:

2% picric acid - an explosive!

Glacial Acetic Acid
o
37 Formaldehyde

Such chemicals are fairly typical of antigen fixative preparations and are quite
toxic to say the least.

This may account for why some people have reported being burned when
handling some of the material that has been sprayed on us. It would also
account for the sterility of the samples that were recently microscopically
examined. This is a good place to start an analysis if someone so desired.

338glo

RECENT CORRESPONDENCE ON THE MESSAGE BOARD:
MAY 13 2000

Blood Sample Photomicrograph Questioned

Dear Mr. Carnicom:

I read. your post two days ago, and I have some
serious concerns about its validity (not its veracity – I
know that you are an honest man). I believe your
interpretation of the photomicrograph in question is
inaccurate. Your post’s excerpts in “quotes”, my
comments in [brackets].

“Biological components have now been identified in the
two ground samples previously analyzed on
www.carnicom.com.”

[The fact that the subjects evaluated are “ground
samples” sends up a red flag. “Ground samples” could
be samples that are not from aircraft, or, if they are,
could be contaminated by foreign matter. Note that I
am not saying they AREN’T from aircraft or ARE
contaminated, but that they COULD be. In other
words, they were not collected “in situ”, that is,
collected in the air from the contrail itself.]

“An [sic] visual analysis has now been conducted with
a professional quality microscope on May 7 2000....”

[I am not sure what kind of professional microscope
was used, but it appears to me that, based on the
apparent size of the erythrocytes (red blood cells) that
the photomicrograph was taken at between 900X and
1200X. This is borne out by your later statement
“readily visible after being subjected to immersion oil”.]

[However, another inconsistency here is that
immersion oil is not used to provide additional detail to
erythrocytes. Instead, it is used to maintain the same
refractive index between the subject matter and the
objective lens. At the extremely close gap between
objective and subject with a high-power oil immersion
lens, an air gap would cause severe diffraction
problems -- thus distorting the view -- even with an
fluorite or apochromatic lens.]

[To my experience (and I am not a professional
microscopist), there is nothing that will increase the
‘visibility’ of an erythrocyte. Safranin, methylene blue,
Gram’s, and Gentian Violet stains work wonders, but
only on leukocytes and leukoblasts (white blood cells)
-- and I did not see any of them in that picture.]

[But there is a more serious problem. We know that
the microscope used was a optical and not an electron
microscope -- else, there would be no mention of
immersion oil (an electron microscope works by
completely different principles). We also know that an
oil immersion lens has a focal length of less than 0.5
mm, which gives a depth-of-focus (or depth-of-field)
in the range of microns. This means that, at the
magnifications involved, you would have almost no
depth perception, and would not be able to maintain
focus past the depth of a single erythrocyte
thickness.]

[Yet we can see in the picture that there are several
layers of erythrocytes, and all are in focus! There is no
way I know of (with an optical microscope) to have
that depth of focus. Also, you can see from the
photomicrographed (especially if enhanced by a
program like Corel Photo-Print or Adobe Photoshop)
that there is no fall-off in the clarity and focus of the
objects.]
[Further, an examination of the photomicrograph, as
well as the shadows in the erythrocyte indentations,
shows that they appear to be top-lighted at an oblique
angle. This is patently impossible with an oil-immersion
lens -- it is designed for a light source from either an
Abbe or dark-field substage condenser ONLY.]

[This leads me to believe that the photomicrograph
was made with a methodology that takes advantage of
a technology with which I am not familiar -- or it is
faked.]

“The cells appear to be of a freeze-dried or dessicated
nature in their original form within the microscopic
fibers. Isolated and individual blood cells are
interspersed throughout both of the samples that have
previously been described. The surface of the cells
appear to be modified in some way, but electron
microscopy will likely be required to establish further
detail.”

[Based on my limited expertise, I will agree with the
above paragraph to an extent. The erythrocytes
certainly do not exhibit the isotonicity that cells in
fresh blood do, but that’s what happens when blood
dries anyway. I don’t see any evidence for either
freeze-drying or induced dessication, but, like Mr.
Carnicom says, “electron microscopy will likely be
required to establish further detail.”]

“Professional medical analysis of the images and
chemical analysis of the fibers, and the subsequent
disclosure of those results, now exists as a
fundamental need.”

[Absolutely! I have told you in previous
communications that the only thing that will take the
entire chemtrail/contrail business out of the realm of
conspiracy-mongering is for:

(1) Contrail residue to be collected while airborne and
tied to the contrails;

(2) A reputable laboratory to perform the analysis
under strict laboratory methodologies;

(3) The entire analysis, results, and corresponding
data to be published for both lay and peer review.

“The ramifications of this recent discovery establish
sufficient cause for widespread involvement of the
American people in this issue, and for subsequent
Congressional hearings.”

[I disagree. Until we have some serious evidence,
uncontaminated test material, a recognized laboratory
working from valid data, and full disclosure of any
reports (whether they agree with a chemtrail agenda
or not), there is NO sufficient cause for widespread
ANYTHING, and CERTAINLY not for us to spend more
money to send those Bozos in the Congress out on a
tail-chasing exercise.]

[If chemtrails are to be taken seriously, its proponents
must take them seriously themselves, and replace
hysteria, innuendo, gossip, and conspiracy with
evidence, data, and facts.]

“The individual that provided the images herein and
those that will follow shall remain anonymous.”

[That costs him his credibility.]

[Mr. Carnicom, I am one hundred percent convinced
that you are an honest person, but your trust of
people like this will only hurt your own credibility and
give the anti-conspiracy folk more ammunition that
chemtrail believers are all nuts (which I am sure is not
the case). I implore you, for the sake of these people
in this forum if no one else, to provide us with real
evidence if such is available.]

Regards,

Duncan Kunz / duncan.kunz@prodigy.net


A STATEMENT FROM THE SOURCE:
Blood Sample Photomicrograph Questioned

The microscope was a darkfield. The immersion oil was
used directly on the sample to reconstitute the dried
cells. No immersion oil was in a traditional sense except
under the slide to couple the slide to the condensor.
At first water was added to the sample for
observation, but all that showed was the fibers in situ.
The cells in the sample only reconstitute in certain
types of oil. A light machine oil similar to 3 in One oil
was tried with limited success. Also tried was WD 40,
(which was worthless ) and kerosene. The kerosene
did seem to reconstitute the cells, but quickly
bleached them of color. There is a rather sticky
adherent matrix that the fibers are encased in. This
includes the odd blue fiber.

Nearly all the videomicroscopy was done with no more
than a 40X dry objective. A 4X optical coupler is
connected to the video camera. There exists some
portions of the tape that shows individual blood cells
quite clearly. What cannot be seen clearly in the
capture is that this collection of cells is actually
arranged in nice rows. Further, these cells are not fully
reconstituted and are much smaller than their true
size.

There are not as many WBC's in the sample , but they
certainly do exist. They do not reconstitute well , but
their appearance is unmistakable. Also present are a
least three other types of as yet unidentified cells.
Some with very clearly defined nuclei.

We tried to get a clear picture of the cells in that large
accumulation Clifford posted using the 100X objective,
but were unsuccessful. It was the lack of light passing
through the specimen that limited our ability and not
the actual depth of field. Above 40X, darkfield
objectives must either have a funnel stop or internal
iris. This cuts down on the light dramatically. There are
a few 100X examinations of the material on the video
tape that show individual cells with dramatic clarity.

In spite of the fact that this was collected from the
ground, and in one case off a car that had driven 1000
miles, the sample was sterile! No bacteria , mold or
fungus was found. There was of course some dirt, and
other contaminants in the sample along with some
spores. I do consider the spores to be contaminants
and not part of the original mix.

Two separate samples from different parts of the
United States, dropped on different days, were
examined. Both were identical. One of the samples had
considerably more blood cells, and cells of all types, in
it than the other.

FWIW - there is a method I've discovered to enhance
resolution and contrast in any microscope by at least
20 %. It has to do with preparation of the slide itself.
This method was used to prepare all the slides that
were examined.

I hope Clifford posts more captures off the tapes that
he has. Just let me say your jaw will drop when you
see some of what is in that material. My posting this
has more to do with revealing how the cells were
found, than answering your post. It is important that
confirmation can be made by others independent of
me.

[Editors Note: Additional Photographs Posted May 15 2000;
more to follow]

I won't get into all the physiologic possiblities that
inhaling blood, or other cells might produce. I'll just say
for starters that let's hope this is type "O" blood.

338glo

The following email and subsequent post on the message board was received on June 10
2000:

Hello.

I wish to make a comment on some of the areas discussed, especially
by a certain 338glo. Firstly, fixatives such as Bouins are not used to keep,
"antigenic structures intact." Fixation causes cross linking of
macromolecules which arrests biological activity, at the same time
rendering the cells amenable to staining. It's purpose is to
preserve cell ultrastructure to be stained and viewed by light
microscopy, usually by a pathologist, to help diagnos disease.
In other words, 338glo's implications that your samples might provoke an
immune response is a grossly misleading exaggeration, not to mention
impossible. You will not initiate an immune response to anything that
has been fixed.
By the way:

1)picric acid- is a yellow crystalline substance that is explosive only
when dry and subject to a shock of some kind, such as a blow from a
hammer(not an electric shock). It's used to precipitate
(separate from solution) proteins, and as a dye.
2)Glacial acetic acid-is just a highly(almost pure) form of acetic acid,
and highly reactive organic acid. %5 is good on your french fries,
99% will burn out all of your mucous membranes. This substance
is used in many laboratory tests.
3)Formaldehyde-another fixative that hardens tissue, and preserves it
for histological examination(staining).

Kunz's comment about immersion oil is correct. If you want to
reconstitute the cells, try using isotonic saline(approx %0.95 salt in
water). No oil of any kind is going to help you there. You will not
see anything but large structural changes by light microscopy anyway.
You will not be able to judge anything about surface antigens, which, by
the way, were destroyed by the fixation process. That cluster of red
cells looks to be viewed at about x1000. There only appears to be one
fairly visible layer of red cells, if that's what they are, and not all
of them are in focus. It is impossible to comment on the light source,
but you can view objects under a microscope with light comming from
another source other than the bulb/condenser. As long as it reflects
off the object viewed, travels up the objective to the eye piece, and is
bright enough to see, you will see it. It is also impossible to tell if
the cells(?) were freeze-dessicated or whatever. Cellular specimens can
be frozen, if done correctly, and have their structures preserved; this
statement is nonsense. Also, adding just water(a hypotonic solution)
to those cells won't help you much either, and will only alter their
structure more if they are at all able to be reconstituted(unlikely).

It is mentioned later that the sample is sterile, BUT it contains
some spores. Do you know what spores are? They're
a reproductive cell produced by plants and some protozoons. Certain
bacteria(ie: antrax bacilli) also form spores, but
for environmental protection, not reproduction. Another tidbit for
you-type "O" blood accounts for almost half the population,
and is compatible with the other major blood groups, A, B, and AB.
That's why group "O" is called the universal donor, with
AB being the universal recipient. Inhaling dry blood might make you
cough, but otherwise will do nothing, let alone
initiate an immune response.

This type of fear mongering does nothing but stimulate unfound
paranoia. Please have people that know what they're talking
about review samples of any significance, or you'll never be received as
credible. There's something going on here, and this type of nonsense
isn't helping anyone find out what it is. I also doubt this sample came
from where you think it did. I hope this helps your readers.
Good luck with the research, and thank-you for
taking the time to read this. I've just worked all night, so please
excuse any typing errors. If anything I've said needs clarification,
just let me know. Again, thanks.


Shayne Dixie M.L.T.
(Medical Laboratory Technologist)
Brockville General Hospital
Brockville, Ontario Canada.
K6V 1S8
(in case you wonder where I'm coming from)


A STATEMENT FROM THE SOURCE:
Posted June 14 2000

On June 12, Shayner made a post and my first reply
was lost when I tried to post it. Hopefully this
individual message will post.

Bouins fix has many uses, please see the following
quotes from the listed web sites for it use as an agent
to fix antigen sites on cells.
www.emsdiasum.com/ems/his...ative.html
Bouin's Solution
Bouin's solution can be used as a fixation and a
staining fluid. Bouin's
fixative is excellent for use on biopsy specimens of the
gastrointestinal
tract. Tissue from the endocrine system are well fixed
and many antibodies
react well with tissue fixed in Bouin's.

www.cmbm.org/Conference98...s/205.html
Next one, please. We can detect the cancer cells by
immunocytochemistry
using the same type of antibodies. Here we have tumor
cells detected with
one of the antibodies. This was again the free beta
subunit. The way in
which this tissue is fixed for cytochemistry is different.
We don't fix in
formalin. To have a result in immunocytochemistry,
when you're dealing with
hCG, aldehydes kill glycolipids and carbohydrates, so
we have to use a
picric acid type of fixative, Bouin's fixative

www.alzforum.org/members/...table.html

Immune system response occurs for many reasons, and
involves many different methods. The deciding factor
in initiating an immune response is that something
foreign has come into contact with the interior of the
body, or the external mucous membranes of the body.
This could be a piece of wood, dirt, metal, mold,
bacteria, viruses, pollen, chemicals, or cellular tissue
for example.

Many people have seasonal allergic responses to
pollens, grasses, molds, and so on. Some people have
inhallation type allergies that will initiate asthmatic
bronchospasms that can be life threatening. Some of
the recent postings regarding eye, throat, and lung
irritation following spraying are typical of an immune
system response. Foreign blood cells of the wrong type
will cause an immune system response. If the outer
membrane of the cell has been changed in some
manner this will cause an immune system response.

Foreign cellular tissue will cause a dramatic immune
system response. Transfuse the wrong blood type,
implant a new organ, and your immune system will
immediately go to work, clot the blood,and reject the
organ.

I mentioned Bouin's fix as merely an example of a
known fixative agent that will preserve antigenic sites
on blood cells. The ingredients in the mixture are all
toxic, some are known carcinogens and one when dried
is explosive. This is a place to start analysis of the
material. Samples of this stringy , sticky material have
been collected by people across the US. There are
reports of physical contact causing people to become
ill and thier skin to be burned. Some of ingredients in
Bouin's fix could easily cause such symptoms.
Here is the EPA haz mat paper on Bouin's fix.


www.mastertechs.com/msds/...FXBOU2.TXT
C. FIRST AID (EMERGENCY PROCEDURES)

1. EYE CONTACT: Remove contact lenses if necessary,
and immediately flush
eyes with copious amounts of water. Buffered saline
eye wash
solution may also be used. Seek medical attention
immediately.

2. SKIN CONTACT: Immediately wash contaminated
area thoroughly with
mild soap and water. Remove contaminated clothing if
necessary.

3. INHALATION: Remove to fresh air. If symptoms
persist, seek medical
attention.

At the moment of course there is no proof that the
cells in the sample have been treated with any fixative
agent. Nor is there any proof that any of the
ingredients in Bouins fix are in the sample. This needs
to be determined. Mr. Carnicom spent over 400 dollars
of his own money having a government licensed lab
analyze some of the samples. The report he recieved
was essentially worthless. [Editors Note: Lab fees of
$450 were paid for the lab tests referenced, however,
I was not personally the source of those funds. CEC]

The reason immersion oil was used, is that the sticky
matrix that held the cells would not dissolve in water.
Water was useless to dissolve the matrix and allow the
cells to reconstitute. Immersion oil however worked
very well for this purpose.

My comments about the spores were only that due to
thier paucity, I felt that these were contaminents and
not native to the sample.

My posting was not to incite fear, it was to promote a
starting point to analyze what has been sprayed on
some parts of the US. The facts are that this material
has been seen and collected from different sites
around the US, and like it or not it does exist.

338glo

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                 GEL FALLOUT REPORTS
                                  APRIL 24 2000
The following email description was received along with the photographs posted
 above. The individual that has submitted this information prefers to remain
                                 anonymous:

On the afternoon of April 24, 2000, I received a phone call from a friend who stated that
around 12 PM while driving East on Highway 50 between Shingle Springs and Cameron
Park CA, her windshield was splattered with
a honey like substance. When she glanced in the rear view mirror, she noticed that the car
behind her had turned on their windshield wipers smearing the same material everywhere.
I told her not to touch anything until some
photographs could be obtained and to try to save a small sample of the material.

Later that afternoon she photographed the windshield ,and with a macro lense ,shot some
close ups of the honey like splatters. Turning a zip lock plastic bag inside out, a small
amount was scraped off the glass probably less than 1/8 of a teaspoon . The liquid was clear
with the consistency of honey. I noticed some fiberous material , but the most obvious was a
brown glob in the liquid about 1/16th of an inch in diameter. Looking at the photos, it was
obvious that there were larger brown globs in other locations on the windshield but they
were not saved. The microphotographs were obtained by attaching a Nikon FM-2 to an
Olympus stereo microscope.

Although the sample was photographed while still in the plastic bag, I got some decent
photos of the of the brown substance along with a sample of the fiberous material. I showed
the photos to a retired airline pilot and he assured me that nothing like this would ever
come out of a commercial airliner. Maby some hydraulic fluid but nothing like this. At the
location where this occured, There were no overpasses within a half mile , no trees
within a few hundred feet., just clear blue skies.


Posted by Clifford E Carnicom on behalf of the individual submitting the above
information.
July 31 2000


Note: This information is being posted because an additional incident has occurred which
corroborates the appearance of the physical material described above. The first involves a
a similiar event in Albuquerque NM which was experienced and witnessed by myself on
April 24 2000. Material of similiar form and color also hit the windshield of the car my wife
and I were driving on the freeway through Albuquerque on that day. The material was of a
dark amber color and of the same consistency described above. I did inspect the material
visually after pulling off to the side of the road, but sample tests were not conducted due to
schedule limitations of that particular trip. By all indications the samples from these two
events appear identical in form and description.


Clifford E Carnicom
July 31 2000


The following information has also been made available through a member of the message
board attached to www.carnicom.com on August 1 2000:
Mr.Carnicom I just wanted to let you know that approximately a month and a
half ago my husband and I were driving home and it seemed that it started to
rain..Only for a few moments,it was dark and we were not far from home..We
were not under trees or an overpass..The next morning when I went to my car
there were little raindrop type spots of some clear substance stuck all over
my windshield and car..It looked almost like the windshield picture you have
posted except smaller drops..I did not get any sample but it did have a honey
or clear glue like texture..Here in my area North Carolina we have witnessed
a lot of the fallout the angel hair type and also the fluffy white fallout
that I and several witnesses watched fall from very high altitudes..You can
still see the spots on my car where this stuff had stuck to it...I just
wanted to add this to your report....(msswv)


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Morgellons Research Project - Carnicom Institute
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OAqlle4CSu4

Published on Jul 17, 2012 by carnicominstituteorg

All correspondence to Carnicom Institute ( http://www.carnicominstitute.org ) must be
directed to the following address: info@carnicominstitute.org. The Institute is a non-
profit volunteer organization and responses will be provided as staffing conditions
permit. Thank you for your interest in Carnicom Institute.

Category:

Nonprofits & Activism




Chemtrails & Morgellons / Open Lines

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Date:      01-27-12

Host:      Rob Simone

Guests: Clifford Carnicom, Open Lines

Filling in for George Noory, Rob Simone (email) welcomed independent researcher Clifford Carnicom in
the first half of the program for an exposé on the profound impact of chemtrails. Clifford said he prefers
the term 'aerosol' in lieu of 'chemtrail,' as the former is more accurate in describing the introduction of
particulate matter into the air. "Our environment has been altered," he stated unequivocally, noting
how the Earth's atmosphere has been modified by the "largest covert operation that has ever been
conducted on this planet." Carnicom explained that the ubiquitous aerosol streaks in the sky are part of
a multi-pronged program, which includes environmental modification and control, biological and
electromagnetic operations, military applications, geophysical considerations, advanced light-wave
surveillance, and detection of ionic disturbances (i.e., UFO propulsion systems).

According to Carnicom, the health of the entire global population has been affected to a significant
degree by these aerosols. It has been strongly established that barium salts are in the airborne
particulate matter, he continued. Soluble salts of barium are highly toxic, with the level of toxicity
matching arsenic, he added. Carnicom also reported on a baffling ailment known as Morgellons disease,
a condition he described as characterized by skin lesions and the presence of unusual filaments. He
revealed that many people could be suffering from Morgellons but show no outward signs because the
filaments are internal. Carnicom commented on a recent CDC report that dismissed the condition as the
product of mentally unstable and delusional minds, and pointed out some issues he had with the study's
methodology.

-------------------------------------------------

During Open Lines, Mike, a former private pilot living in Arizona, asserted that three commercial airline
pilots have confirmed to him the reality of chemtrails. According to Mike, the chemtrails he has
witnessed spread from horizon to horizon, filling the sky in a dense crisscross pattern that eventual
ushers in cirrus clouds. Mike said he has conducted his own air sample tests and detected barium as well
as very fine aluminum powder. A caller to the 'insider hotline' suggested that a chemical additive, with
antifreeze and antibacterial properties, put into aircraft fuel tanks at refueling could be to blame for
chemtrail sightings. Barry, a retired biochemist from South Carolina, recalled visiting his pharmaceutical
company's headquarters in the 1970s to find researchers there working on a large-scale secret project
to inoculate humans from various diseases by spraying chemical concoctions into the atmosphere from
planes.

Website(s):

       carnicominstitute.org

Related Articles

Clifford Carnicom Images




http://www.coasttocoastam.com/show/2012/01/27




The Power Hour with Joyce Riley
Joyce Riley Interviews Clifford Carnicom February 29, 2012

http://www.carnicominstitute.org/html/webdesigner/powerhour2012/powerhour2012.htm



Clifford Carnicom on the Morgellons Condition
Sep 15th, 2011 Posted in | Comments Off

Longtime independent researcher of Aerosol Spray Operations aka Chemtrails, and Founder of
the Carnicom Institute, Clifford Carnicom returns to offer his latest research on an underlying
organism or pathogen of the so-called “Morgellons” condition that may be present in almost
everyone’s blood. A sub-micron bacteria-archaea-like organism appears to underlie the existence
of the so-called “Morgellons” condition. The focus of Clifford’s study remains on the influence
of the organism internal to the body vs. external manifestations. The Carnicom Institute is a not
for profit corporation educational and research organization, that will be presenting a two day
seminar on this and other subjects of interest in the realm of health and wellness in October here
in Santa Fe.
                                             http://w w w .w ho
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http://transitionsmedia.com/interview-gems/clifford-carnicom-on-the-morgellons-condition/




Carnicom Institute
Environmental & Health Conference
Santa Fe, NM Oct 22-23, 2011
October 22 Morning Session

http://www.carnicominstitute.org/articles/conference-2011-am.htm




BRUCE LIPTON
Bruce Lipton : The New Biology - Where Mind and Matter Meet - Part I
Source : YouTube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=HVECAlT4AXY



Bruce Lipton : The New Biology - Where Mind and Matter Meet - Part II
Source : YouTube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=Zcg_ldoU40c
Aldous Huxley - Mike Wallace Interview -
1958
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=3TQZ-2iMUR0

http://www.carnicominstitute.org/articles/aldoushuxley.htm



History Channel : Declassified: Human ExperimentationSource : YouTube - in Five Parts

http://www.carnicominstitute.org/html/webdesigner/humanexperimentation/humanexperimentation.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dzt_OanBgyc&feature=player_embedded

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=GzSDjvbnSYI

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ROA3o2J5xxY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=G8IjY6rfiTs

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=eDmgbInU7pE




Carnicom Institute Morgellons Research Project:

Statement of Purpose
September 4, 2012

The Carnicom Institute is embarking on a first of its kind study of the Morgellons condition often
referred to as Morgellons Disease. Through the systematic collection of physiological data, this
research project aims to identify measurable characteristics of the illness utilizing high standards
of bio-medical research.

In order for the results of this clinical study to be meaningful, it is necessary to observe
appropriate methodology including the appropriate processing of all data. Of paramount
importance is that all conclusions derived will be verifiable and reproducible by other
investigators should they wish to repeat the study utilizing identical methodology, i.e., materials
and methods. These are the minimum requirements that must be insured in order that any
conclusions derived from the study are capable of being utilized by those dedicated to helping
patients with the Morgellons condition.

This research program will not be possible without the public's participation and support. Based
on what we already know, we believe that a greater understanding of the Morgellons condition is
vital, and must be accomplished for the benefit of all human beings. Honest and legitimate
scientific research participation is what we are providing to interested individuals. We hope that
you will offer us your help.

This study will be conducted in an anonymous and confidential manner for research purposes
only. There will be no medical diagnosis or individual interpretation(s) given. The research
project is intended for scientific purposes and the knowledge obtained will be for the public
benefit.

Disclaimer: The Carnicom Institute is a not for profit educational and research organization. It
serves the public welfare. We do not advocate any particular products, protocols, or therapies
related to health or environmental safeguards. The Institute is not affiliated with any political or
religious groups.




  The Carnicom Institute can not continue its research and reporting without your help.
          We are very grateful for any and all support, no matter the amount.



                         _s-xclick      62WNS2QGZUFF



                                            or
                           You may also send donations by mail to:

                                       Carnicom Institute
                                        PO Box 23721
                                      Santa Fe, NM 87502

				
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