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									                                                                           Fresno County Cooperative Extension

                                                                                                         1720 South Maple Avenue
                                                                                                                 Fresno, CA 93702
                                                                                                               (559) 375-3147 mob
                                                                                                                (559) 600-7228 fax
                                                                                                                (559) 600-7205 fax

August 16, 2012

To:               Department chairs, garlic and onion researchers, and others interested in garlic and onion research

From:             Tom Turini, UC Garlic and Onion Liaison Officer

Subject:          Call for research proposals by the California Garlic and Onion Research Advisory Board

The California Garlic and Onion Research Advisory Board will be accepting research and demonstration project proposals for
2010-2011. Please see the document titled ‘CAGORAB Research Priorities’, which is attached with this request, for specific
priorities identified by the board. Projects focusing on management of the white rot organism (Sclerotium cepivorum) are
especially encouraged. Short, medium and long term projects are acceptable and multiple year projects will be considered.

The CA Garlic and Onion Research Advisory Board is in its fifth year of operation. Through mandatory assessments, it is our goal
to fund $100,000 annually for basic and applied research as well as for demonstration projects. We encourage proposals that allow
cost sharing with other sources.

Research proposals are due to Tom Turini UCCE Fresno, by Monday, October 1, 2012.
Please submit your proposal electronically to Tom Turini at Do not send a hard copy if at all possible. I
will forward the proposal to the California Garlic and Onion Research Advisory Board. If you are within the University of
California Agriculture and Natural resources, please enter your proposal information into the grant tracking system. If
your institution is not University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources, you must send one hard copy of the
following information on a single page to Tom Turini U.C. Cooperative Extension, 1720 S. Maple Avenue, Fresno, CA 93702:
     Project title
     Funding Period: March 1, 2013 through Feb. 28, 2014 (based on CAGORAB fiscal year)
     Principal investigator(s)
     Cooperating personnel
     Abstract of Proposal (a brief summary of the work proposed; include significance, need, and benefit to industry)
     Total funds requested
     Date and signature of principal investigator and Dept. Chair, Director, etc.

The Garlic and Onion Research Committee will review all proposals by October 18, 2012 and a formal notification on acceptance
of research proposals will be issued after final review.

Research projects submitted by University of California and California State University researchers will be given first priority.
Because of the need for global cooperation on white rot and Iris Yellow Spot Virus research, we encourage researchers to develop
collaborative proposals that may be considered by the Research Committee.

Written project reports on supported work will be due on February 1, 2013 and presentations will be expected at the CAGORAB
annual meeting to be held in February 2013, date and location to be announced.

If you have any questions concerning listed research objectives or requirements for completing the research proposal, please
contact Tom Turini, UCCE by telephone at (559) 375-3147 or by e-mail at, or the Research Advisory Board
CEO/Technical Manager, Robert Ehn by telephone at (559) 297-9322 or by e-mail at We look forward
to your proposals.
                         RESEARCH PROPOSAL FORMAT

I. Identification
         A. Project title
         B. Funding year (March 1, 2012 through Feb. 28, 2013)
         D. Principal investigator
         E. Cooperating personnel
         F. Total funds requested
         G. Location(s) where research will be performed
II. Rationale
         A. Significance, need, and benefit to onion and garlic industry
         B. Brief summary of previous research relevant to proposal
         C. Long-range objectives, including estimated time frame to achieve objectives
III. Immediate Objectives
IV. Procedures (for each objective)
V. Budget (see below)
VI. Signatures

REMEMBER: Two items are due October 3, 2011:

1) Electronic copy of proposal to Tom Turini
2) Completion of online grant tracking system (UCANR) or single page (hard copy) of proposal abstract,
appropriate signatures, etc. to Tom Turini
                         Suggested Budget Format
                     March 1, 2012 through Feb. 28, 2013

     Investigator(s)                  ___________________
     Technician(s)                    ___________________
     Lab assistant(s)                 ___________________
     Secretary                        ___________________

     Employee benefits                ___________________

     Subtotal                         ___________________


     Supplies                         ____________________
     Equipment                        ____________________
     Computer analysis                ____________________
     Field operations                 ____________________
     Travel                           ____________________
     Other items or costs             ____________________

     Subtotal                         ____________________

C.   TOTAL                            ____________________

2012-2013 Research Proposal Priorities (Research interests prioritized within groups)
       White Rot (garlic and onions)
            o Demonstrate commercial effectiveness of the white rot management plan including
               use of garlic oil/juice (or onion) as a biostimulant followed by a conventional
               fungicide in a future planting of garlic or processed onions and in a previously
               infected white rot field.

                o   Determine effective rates for use of garlic/onion oil as a biostimulant. Compare
                    potency of DADS versus natural organo sulfur compounds in garlic/onion extract.

                o   Determine feasibility of utilizing biotech research developed by New Zealand Plant
                    and Food Institute as a platform for continued white rot biotech work on developing
                    white rot resistant constructs. Explore interest by current University of California or
                    other US University Biotechnology researchers in continuing the research program.

                o   Develop system to GPS map areas of detected white rot infestations, utilize
                    mapped areas to chemically spot treat those areas, and to provide electronic data
                    base of infected fields for member companies

                o   Continue evaluation of chemical controls in conjunction with biostimulants.
                    Evaluate mixtures of conventional chemicals.

                o   Evaluate new seed treatments for possible white rot management on onions

         Garlic Rust (Garlic)
             o Screen new fungicides for activity

                o   Implement garlic rust management plan using preventative and curative fungicides
                    in a program

         Botrytis (onions and garlic)
             o Determine fungicide spray timing for B. alli

         Bacterial Soft Rots including sour skin (onions and garlic)
             o Continue to evaluate possible control agents

                o   Determine effects of sprinkler irrigation, varietal differences and low level herbicide
                    damage on disease development

         Downy Mildew (onions)
             o Screen new fungicides for activity on mildew

      Bulb and Stem (onions and garlic)
          o Screen chemical control products as replacement for Vydate

           Thrips (onions)
                o Continue testing new conventional chemistry and biorational pesticides to control
                    thrips feeding and spread of IYSV. Initiate screening trials in Tulelake, Imperial
                    Valley and San Joaquin Valley using new chemistries. Develop data to support
                    Section 18 if needed.

               o   Continue cooperative effort with Allium researchers in CA, WA, OR and CO to
                   evaluate the spread of IYSV in onion crops. In California onion growing areas
                   develop data for:
                       Species ID, virus incidence in weeds and non-symptomatic host crops of
                          IYSV and TSWV in CA onion and garlic areas
                       Determine thrips species present in each onion growing area and their
                          seasonal distribution
                       Based upon data collected, develop treatment thresholds for thrips
                          management based upon thrips populations and stage of plant growth.
                       Determine impact of thrips damage on yield and % solids in harvested crop

           Maggots (onions)
              o Screen new in-furrow and seed treatment chemistry for onion and seed corn
                  maggot control

               o   Evaluate ability to use film coated or encrusted seed in current planting equipment.

               o   Determine impact of loss of OP chemistry on control and develop data to show
                   economic loss from maggot damage without chemical control

           Bulb Mites (onions)
               o Develop management plan for bulb mites in San Joaquin Valley soils

               o   Determine source of infestation (seed/soil/debris)

               o   Evaluate abamectin for bulb mite control

           Screen new herbicides for pre and post-emergence activity in Tulelake and at West Side
            Field Station.   Consider use of low rates with sulfentrazone (Zeus) for weed control.


           Continue to evaluate best management practices for onion seed production and determine
            stressors causing seed yield decline and impact on bees.

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