Published by WSU–Klickitat County Extension Office
 228 W. Main St. MS-CH-12
 Goldendale, WA 98620           (509) 773-5817
 Email: klickitat@wsu.edu       Web site: www.klickitat.wsu.edu
                                                                                      OCTOBER 2007

                                         UPCOMING EVENTS
 Oct.-Nov. 2 NRCS EQIP program signup. 509-773-5823 or www.wa.nrcs.usda.gov.
 9           Strengthening Families Program, White Salmon, for info call Klickitat Co. Health Dept. at
 11-13       Beef 300 Short Course, Pullman, for info call 509-335-2880 or go to http://animalag.wsu.edu
 15          Good Ag Practices in Fruit & Vegetable Production, Corvallis, OR for info call 800-823-2357
 16          Water Wise Landscape Workshop, 3 pm, Goldendale Community Library
 17          Supplementing Beef Cows on Low Quality Forages (teleconference), 7:15 pm to 8:15 pm,
             location TBA, for more info call the Extension office 509-773-5817 or go to
 3           Renewable Energy Seminar, Goldendale, for info call 1-866-773-5620
 6           Central WA Dairy Management Conference, Prosser for more info 509-303-9614or go to

                           Central Washington Dairy Management Conference
       The Central Washington Dairy Management Conference, together with local sponsors, provides
current un-biased information to area dairy producers. It will be held November 6 at the Desert Wind Winery
in Prosser, WA starting at 9 am. Registration is $45 before October 25 and $70 after October 25. There is a
$20 discount for students. For more information see www.dairycow.clearwire.net, or contact Cory Whiting at
                                     Strengthening Families Program
       The Strengthening Families Program (SFP) is a nationally and internationally recognized parenting
and family strengthening program for high risk families. SFP is an evidence-based family skills training
program found to significantly reduce problem behaviors, delinquency, and alcohol and drug abuse in
children and to improve social competencies and school performance. Child maltreatment also decreases as
parents learn more effective parenting skills. In the two decades since its development, SFP has been
reviewed by researchers and rated as an exemplary, evidence-based program.
       The program offered in White Salmon is for families with children age 10 to 14 years old. It
runs for 7 weeks, beginning October 9th. It will be held every Tuesday evening. Children and parents
meet on the same night-the first hour they meet separately, then come back together for a family activity
during the second hour.
       This is a free class, with meals and childcare provided. The first meeting will begin at 6:45 pm. It will
be held at the Nazarene Church in White Salmon, located close to Skyline Hospital and Rhine Village
Apartments. (This is not a church sponsored program.) Register by contacting Deidre Duffy at Klickitat
County Health Department, 509-493-1927, or e-mail DeidreD@co.klickitat.wa.us or Johanna Roe at
"I do get scared about the physical danger from drug dealers. But it’s not in the same league as the
 danger I feel eating an $80 lunch with my privileged friends to discuss hunger and poverty. That’s
when my soul feels imperiled." — Jonathan Kozol, American journalist and author (b. 1936), on his work
                               chronicling the lives of the poor in the Bronx.

        For more information on classes contact Tim Shatraw at (509) 773-5620 or 866-773-5620
    or e-mail klickitatlc@wsu.edu. The Learning Center is located at 112 East Main, Goldendale, WA
    and updated information can be found on the Web site at www.learningcenters.wsu.edu/klickitat.
Healthy Cooking on a Budget - The Learning Center will offer a cooking on a budget series this October.
During this six class series, students will learn how to cook several healthy, low-cost family meals. Cook with
us and then take the meal home to your family! Pre-registration is required; for more information or to
register call the Learning Center. Cost is $20 for the series.
3rd Annual Renewable Energy Seminar - The WSU Learning Center and Seraphim Electric will host a
Renewable Energy Seminar on November 3. There will be renewable energy talks in the morning, lunch will
be provided and a tour will occur in the afternoon. Pre-registration is required; call the Learning Center to
register. Cost $20.

                                        Water in the Pacific Northwest
       We invite you to participate in the 2007 Water in the Pacific Northwest conference being held at the
beautiful Skamania Lodge in Stevenson, Washington, from November 7 to 9. This year’s program features
valuable information on regional approaches for integrating science and policy for a sustainable future.
       Please visit our conference website at http://capps.wsu.edu/waterpolicy for details. There you will find
the final conference program and registration brochure, as well as the oral presentation abstracts, details
about pre-conference activities, biosketches of invited speakers, and on-line registration.
       The early-bird registration fee of $175 applies through October 19. The student registration fee for the
2-day conference is $75, and scholarships are also available. Room block rates at the Lodge are available
only until October 8. Check the brochure for further details.
       Registration for the pre-conference workshop on Designing Collaborative Strategies to Integrate
Science and Policy, as well as the pre-conference field trip to Bonneville Dam, is limited to 50, register soon!
       For more information contact the State of Washington Water Research Center at
watercenter@wsu.edu or the Center for Distance & Professional Education at WSU at joyt@wsu.edu.

                               Water Wise Landscape in Eastern Washington
       A Water Wise Landscape presentation will be held on October 16 at 3 pm at the Goldendale
Community Library. Tonie Fitzgerald, WSU-Spokane County Extension Horticulture Educator and author of
many gardening publications (including “Landscaping with Native Plants” and “Gardening in the Inland
Northwest”) will be the presenter. Tonie will cover the topics important to planning for and implementing a
water wise landscape in Eastern Washington, including:
    design features of water conserving landscapes
    efficient irrigation tips
    choosing plant materials for water-wise landscapes
    maintenance practices for sustainability
       There is no cost. This workshop is sponsored by the Klickitat County Master Gardeners and the
Goldendale Community Library. For more information contact the WSU Extension office at 509-773-5817.

                                        Halloween Treat Alternatives
       When you buy treats to hand out to the little ghosts and goblins that knock on your door, think beyond
the traditional candy and gum to the variety of non-sweet and non-edible treats now available. All sorts of
miniature toys, stickers and non-food favors can be found amid the candy at the "Halloween treat" section of
your local supermarket or department store.
       Non-food treats that are great for Halloween are balloons, crayons, pencils, stickers, colored chalk,
erasers, whistles, miniature plastic animals, miniature cars, packages of baseball cards and rubber spiders
or worms. Consider offering a non-sweet alternative. Some examples include cheese and cracker packages,
sugar-free gum, cheese sticks, individually wrapped sticks of beef jerky, juice box packages, small packages
of nuts or raisins and coupons good at local fast food establishments.
                                                                           Source – Colorado State Univ. Extension
                Fall is Good Time to Plant or Move and Replant Perennials, Shrubs or Trees
        Mid-autumn is a good time to plant or move and replant landscape plants. The wet and mild
conditions of October may help prevent transplant shock. When shrubs are brought home and transplanted,
they may suffer varying degrees of shock. This may be from root loss (for field-grown plants) or the changes
in care practices (for container-grown plants). Weather conditions and the condition of your soil can also
have an impact on how well and quickly a plant adjusts to its new location.
        The shock is mostly caused by the demand of the plant tops for water and the limited ability of the
root system to supply it. A plant's demand for water is less in cool and rainy fall weather, and the plant has a
better chance of quick recovery, especially if it has a chance to develop new roots before the next growing
        Fall planting also gives the new plant time to establish the necessary root growth required to anchor it
in the soil and time to build up nutrient reserves needed for healthy growth next spring.
        Locally grown nursery stock is available in most nursery and garden stores and many varieties of
transplants are available. Buy nursery plants grown in your state and adapted to local climates and soils. If
you are digging up and moving a plant from one location to another, try to leave as much of the plant roots
as possible.
        In many urban areas, gardeners will find that the soils are compacted and sometimes poorly drained.
In these situations, you'll need to create a good root zone by amending the beds with sandy-loam topsoil and
working up the soil as deeply as possible.
        Proper planting is the most important step. Dig the hole at least two feet wider than the size of the
root system or root ball. A large hole will allow better root growth and is especially important in compacted
soils. Roughen the sides of the hole, which should be the same width at the top and bottom, and remove any
rocks or debris.
        Planting depth is of critical importance. Trees often are planted too deep in the hole. Carefully set the
tree in the hole at the same depth or slightly higher than it was at the nursery or in your yard. Plant it with the
root collar at ground level or slightly higher (two inches) to allow for settling. If you replant at the exact ground
level, eventual settling will put the growing crown below the level of the soil, allowing it to sucker.
        With balled and burlapped trees, support the root ball with your hands and gently place the tree in the
hole to test for proper depth. Never drop the tree on the ground or in the hole as this disturbs the root ball
and can break the roots. Slice open the burlap in several areas, being careful not to cut roots.
        Container-grown trees often have roots growing around the inside of the container. After removing the
container, gently straighten the roots. If they are not straightened they will eventually girdle the tree.
        If you plan on staking your tree, drive two wooden or metal posts along the sides of the hole before
you backfill. This prevents you from accidentally driving the stakes through the root ball and damaging the
root system.
        Fill the hole with soil about one-half full, lightly tamping it with your foot to remove any air pockets.
Make sure the tree is standing upright and not leaning. Water the plant slowly to saturate the soil and remove
any remaining air pockets, then finish filling the hole with soil. Remove any extra soil rather than mounding it
around the tree. Build a temporary berm at the drip line to hold water around the root system.
        Amendments are additions to the soil that enhance its moisture-holding capacity, nutrient availability,
or structure. Amendments include good loamy topsoil, peat moss, and various kinds of mulches. Most soils –
except sandy soil, soil with high clay content, or soil that has been heavily disturbed by construction – don't
require amendments.
        Sandy soil benefits from the addition of organic matter such as peat moss, compost or old sawdust to
the planting hole to increase the soil's moisture-holding capacity around the roots. Additions of organic
matter also help clay soil. This soil is easily compacted which obstructs the movement of water and air.
Mixing in organic matter helps break up clay particles and improves water and air flow around the roots. Use
a ratio of one-third amendment mixed with two-thirds of existing soil for backfill. Use caution with non-
composted animal manure, which may be hot from biological activity or high in salts.
        Contrary to popular belief, you don't need to fertilize trees when you plant them. Fertilizing with
nitrogen in the fall may contribute to cold damage transplant shock. Never use lawn fertilizers in a planting
hole. However, potassium and phosphorus may help the roots to establish. Slow-release fertilizers are good
to use in the spring on fall-planted perennials, as they have a long lasting effect and are less likely to burn
the roots than rapid release products.                                                                     continued
       Newly planted trees require routine and thorough watering, particularly during dry summer and fall
months. Water the tree regularly for at least three years after planting. If you have moved a shrub, it might
help the transplant shock to prune the shrub to make the branches and foliage on top match the size of the
root system.
       Make sure the plant is well watered for one to three weeks after transplanting. Adding a layer of
mulch around the base of the shrub will help prevent weeds from becoming established and help soil to
retain moisture. Clean straw, clean manure, newspapers or a layer of black plastic are all good mulching
materials.                                          Source - Ross Penhallegon, OSU Extension Service Horticulturist

                                                Freezing Pies
        Pie shells may be frozen unbaked or baked. To freeze baked pies, it is easier to wrap if frozen
uncovered, and then wrapped tightly or placed in reclosable freezer plastic bags. Freezing expands and
contracts the water in a pie crust; the structure breaks down. Pie crusts which freeze well are those made
with a larger amount of fat; they remain more stable when frozen.                 Source – Purdue University

 Frozen               Storage Time                Thawing Instructions
 Unbaked shells       2 months                    Do not thaw unbaked pie shells; bake at 425F for approximately 15 minutes
                                                  immediately after removing from freezer.
 Baked shells         4 months                    Unwrap and let stand at room temperature or heat in 350 F oven for
                                                  approximately 6 minutes.
 Baked pie            4 months                    Crusts may be soggy and/or possible breakdown in texture or raw fruit may
 Unbaked pie          Not recommended             occur.

                                                      Freezing pies and pastry
 Food                 Preparation                                  Thawing/serving                                                Storage
 Pastry, baked        Bake as usual. Cool. Package.                     Thaw in wrapping at room temperature for 10               2 to 3
                                                                        to 20 minutes.                                            months
 Pastry, unbaked      Make regular or crumb crust. Fit into pie         Bake still frozen at 475 F, until light brown or         6 to 8
                      pans. Prick regular pastry. Stack pie             fill and bake as usual.                                   weeks
                      pans with 2 layers freezer paper. Put all
                      in freezer bag.
 Fruit & nut pies,    Make as usual. Cool rapidly. Freeze               Let stand at room temperature about 15                    3 to 4
 baked                before packaging (easier to wrap).                minutes. Then heat at 350 F until warm,                  months
                                                                        approx. 30 minutes.
 Fruit & nut pies,    Make as usual except add 1 extra                  Cut vents in upper crust. Put pan on cookie               3 to 4
 unbaked              tablespoon flour or tapioca or 1 ½                sheet. Bake without thawing at 450 F for 15              months
                      teaspoons cornstarch to juicy fillings to         to 20 minutes. Then reduce to 375 F for 20 to
                      prevent boiling over when pies are                30 minutes, or until top crust is brown.
                      baking. Do not cut vents in top crust.
                      Steam and cool light fruits before
                      making pies. Freeze in pan.
 Pumpkin pie          Prepare pie shell and filling as usual.           Bake without thawing at 400 F for 10                     4 to 5
                      Have filling cold before adding to                minutes. Then reduce to 325 F to finish                  weeks
                      unbaked, chilled pie shell. Package               baking.
                      same as fruit pies.
 Fruit pie fillings   Make as usual. Package; leaving                   Thaw just enough to spread in pie crust.                  6 to 8
                      headspace.                                                                                                  months

Publications and resources available at the Extension office:
 A Whole-Farm Approach to Managing Pests, Sustainable Ag Network
 Profitable Pork: Strategies for Hog Producers, Sustainable Ag Network                                Washington State University Extension helps

 Conventional and Chemical Summer Fallow Comparison, Northern Lincoln                                 people develop leadership skills and use
                                                                                                       research-based knowledge to improve their
                                                                                                       economic status and quality of life.
  County, WSU-Lincoln/Adams County Extension

 Extension programs and policies are consistent with federal and state laws and regulations on nondiscrimination regarding race, color,
 gender, national origin, religion, age, disability and sexual orientation. Evidence of noncompliance may be reported to your local Extension
                                                                                                        County Extension Chair
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