Lesson10 Separation of Powers

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					DRAFT                                                              Lesson Plan Template
CSD Social Studies Curriculum Project                                            1/10/05

Grade: 8              Unit #: 2              Unit Title: Separation and
                                             Creation of a New Nation

Lesson: 10             Lesson Title: Separation of Powers/
                                         Checks and Balances

STANDARDS/BENCHMARKS ADDRESSED:
Civics 2b: Students will understand the principles and content of major
American state papers such as the Declaration of Independence; United
States Constitution (including the Bill of Rights); and the Federalist
papers.



FOCUS QUESTION:
How did the principles of democracy evolve into our major state papers, which were used
to create a new kind of nation (political system)?



FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT:
After defining key vocabulary and distributing a rubric with directions the teacher will
group the students, assign roles, and verbally check for understanding.



TIME NEEDED/DURATION of LESSON:
2 Blocks (3 hours)



LESSON OBJECTIVES: (Standards that will be covered in the lesson.)
Civics Standard 1b: Students will analyze the different functions of federal, state, and
local government in the United States and examine the reasons for the different
organizational structures each level of government employs.
DRAFT                                                   Lesson Plan Template
CSD Social Studies Curriculum Project                                 1/10/05




CONTENT:
           Prior Knowledge                      New Knowledge
   1.   Virginia Plan                    1. branches of government
   2.   New Jersey Plan                  2. separation of powers
   3.   Great Compromise                 3. checks and balances
   4.   republicanism
   5.   federalism




CONCEPTS:
           Prior Knowledge                      New Knowledge
   1. The role of government and laws           1. Republicanism
   2. democracy                                 2. separation of powers
                                                3. checks and balances




SKILLS/PROCESS:
           Prior Knowledge                      New Knowledge
   1. creating a product                 1. Creating a product that represents
   2. cooperative learning                  the student’s knowledge of the
                                            separation of powers and checks
                                            and balances system.
                                         2. Defending challenges to the powers
                                            given to their branch of government
                                            as they are posed by other
                                            groups/branches.



RESOURCES/MATERIALS:
 Literature Selections:
 Textbook. Creating America: A history of the United States.

 Additional Resources:
        -Overhead or hand out of the separation of powers, checks
DRAFT                                                          Lesson Plan Template
CSD Social Studies Curriculum Project                                        1/10/05

             balances system.
           - Cooperative learning rubric
           - Poster paper and markers for each group

 Websites:
 http://edsitement.neh.gov/



LESSON PROCEDURES:
Before Reading:

Explain that students/groups will need to understand both content and concepts and
create a product (poster) in cooperative groups to demonstrate understanding of
separation of powers, and checks and balances as they operate under federalism.



During Reading:

Remind students that they will not only need to know the powers of their assigned
branch/states of government, but will need to study the powers of the other
branches/states so defend any challenges to their power and challenge other
branches/states.
Monitor students as they compile information and create their poster.



After Reading:

Students will present their poster and explain their branch/states powers.
Each group will then challenge the presenting groups power. The presenting group
must defend its power from the challenger to demonstrate understanding of the
relationship of the branches/states to one another (checks and balances).




EXTENSION:
Four different posters will be made to represent the legislative, executive, judicial
branches of the central government. A state poster will be made as well to show the
system of federalism.
Basic powers should be listed on poster.
DRAFT                                                            Lesson Plan Template
CSD Social Studies Curriculum Project                                          1/10/05
An illustration (Congress, White House, Supreme Court Building, Outline of State
with flag) should also be included on all posters that represent the branch/state
being presented.
An area for challenges and defense of powers should be left blank on the bottom of
the poster. Presenting students will fill this in at the challenge/defense portion of the
presentation.
   Note: groups should have a list of potential challenges and defenses ready for this
         part of the presentation.




RUBRIC:

Activity outline and cooperative learning rubrics needed.



Vocabulary (Teacher/Student)
Democracy
Government
Law
Civics
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Republicanism
Federalism
Legislative Branch
Executive Branch
Judicial Branch
State

				
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