GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY LAW CENTER by L136wS97

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 5

									GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY
     LAW CENTER




      FALL 2011



    INTERNATIONAL
     AGREEMENTS


       LG-916-10




 PROFESSOR R. DALTON
       THE LAW OF INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS

                                   I. Introduction

1. What is an international agreement?

      Vagts, Detlev F, “The Treaty-Making Process: A Guide for Outsiders”, 17 ILSAJ.
       Int’l & Comp. L. 126-146 (2010)
      Aust, Anthony, Modern Treaty Law and Practice (2nd ed.), Cambridge University
       Press, 2007, Chapter 2, pp. 16-31
      Department of State criteria statement (1976)
      Rush letter (1973)
      The Case Act (P.L. 92-403 August 22, 1972), as amended
      Raustiala, Kal, “Form and Substance in International Agreements”, 99 American
       Journal of International Law 581-614 (2005)
      International Documents of a Non-Legally Binding Character (1994)
      Maritime Delimitation and Territorial Questions between Qatar and Bahrain,
       Jurisdiction and Admissibility, Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 1994, p. 112


                                II. U.S. Treaty Law

2. The Constitution: Intent of the framers; executive agreements and the treaty power

      The Constitution: Article I, Sec. 10 (limits on states; compacts); Article II, Sec. 1
       (executive power clause); Article II, Sec 2. (treaty clause); Article II, Sec. 2
       (commander-in-chief); Article II, Sec. 3 (receive ambassadors and other public
       ministers); Article II, Sec. 3 (laws be faithfully executed); Article III, Sec. 2
       (judicial power extends to all cases arising under treaties); Article VI (treaties as
       supreme law of the land)
      Legal Adviser's Memorandum on "Intention of the Framers of the Constitution
       with respect to International Agreements other than Treaties" pp. 164-173
      Lissitzyn, Oliver J., “The Legal Status of Executive Agreements on Air
       Transportation”. 17 J. Air L. & Com. 436-453 (1950); 18 J. Air L.& Com. 12-23;
       27-32 (1951)
3. Choice of treaty or other international agreement in U.S. practice

      Dole v. Carter, 444 F. Supp. 1065 (U.S. District Ct., Kansas 1977), 569 F.2d 1109
       (10th Cir. 1977)
      Approval of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement: "Fast Track" vs.
       the Treaty Clause: Selected Documents
      Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2002

4. Extent of the Treaty Power
    Missouri v. Holland 252 U.S. 416 (1920)
    Edwards v. Carter, D.C. Cir., 580 F. 2d 1055 (1978)
    U. S. v. Guy Capps, Inc. 204 F. 2d 655 (4th Cir. 1953)
    Dames & Moore v. Regan 453 U.S. 654 (1981)

5. "National Treaty Law and Practice: United States"

      Circular 175

6. Recent Developments

      "Is Missouri v. Holland Still Good Law? Federalism and the Treaty Power"
      American Insurance Association v. John Garamendi, Insurance Commissioner,
       State of California, 539 U.S. 396 (2003)
      Deutsch v. Turner Corp, 317 F. 3d 1005 (9th Cir. 2003)
      Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council, 530 U.S. 363 (2000)
      Medellín v. Texas, 128 S.Ct. 1346 (2008)
      Declarations concerning Self-Executing Status of Treaties in Senate Resolutions
       of Advice and Consent (Extract from Senate Exec. Rpt. 110-12)
      Abbott v. Abbott, 560 U.S. ____ (2010)


                         III. International Treaty Law

7. Conclusion, Observance, and Entry into Force of International Agreements

      The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Articles 1-25
      Aust, Modern Treaty Law and Practice, Chapters 4-7 and 9; pp. 58-124 and 162-
       177

8. Reservations

      Aust, Modern Treaty Law and Practice, Chapter 8, pp. 125-160
      Reservations to the Genocide Convention, 1951 I.C.J. Rep. 15
      United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Human
       Rights Committee: General Comment No. 24
      Reservations or Interpretative Declarations Made to Certain Multilateral Treaties
      International Law Commission: Text and Title of the Draft Guidelines on
       Reservations to Treaties, A/CN.4/L.779, 19 May 2011

9. Interpretation

      Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Articles 31-33
      Aust, Modern Treaty Law and Practice, Chapters 12-14; pp. 215-260
      Yukos Universal Limited and The Russian Federation: Interim Arbitral Award by
       Tribunal Constituted Under Article 26 of the Energy Charter Treaty 2009
      Case Concerning Kasikili/Sedudu Island (Botswana v. Namibia), Judgment, I.C.J.
       Reports 1999

10. Application and Amendment

      Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Articles 28-30 and 34-38
      Selected Application and Amendment Documents (to be distributed Class 9)
      Aust, Modern Treaty Law and Practice, Chapter 15, pp. 262-275

11. Invalidity, Termination, Suspension, Depositaries

      Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Articles 39-80
      Aust, Modern Treaty Law and Practice, Chapters 16-18; pp. 277-295; 297-338;
       362-366
      Case Concerning the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary v. Slovakia),
       Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 1997

12. Succession of States to Treaties

      Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties
      Aust, Modern Treaty Law and Practice, Chapter 21; pp. 367-391
      Legal Adviser's Statement on "Treaty Succession and Related Issues in the Wake
       of the Breakup of the U.S.S.R.” (1992)
      International Law Commission: Sixteenth Report on Reservations to Treaties,
       Status of Reservations, Acceptances of and Objections to Reservations and
       Interpretative Declarations in the Case of Succession of States A/CN.4/626 (2010)

13. Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International
    Organizations (1986); Status of ILC’s Work on Additional Treaty Law Topics

      Aust, Modern Treaty Law and Practice, Chapter 22, pp. 392-417
      Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International
       Organizations (1986)
   Differences between Parallel Provisions of the 1969 and 1986 Vienna
    Conventions on the Law of Treaties
   “The Most-Favoured-Nation Clause”: Working Group Paper. Annex B to Report
    of the International Law Commission (2008)
   Consideration of the Most-Favoured-Nation Clause at the 61st Session of the
    International Law Commission: Chapter XI of the Report of the International
    Law Commission (2009)
   Draft Articles on the Effects of Armed Conflicts on Treaties: Titles and Texts
    Adopted by the Drafting Committee on Second Reading, UN Doc. A/CN.4/L.777
    (2011)

								
To top