Slide 1 by x7lpXA6w

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									Learning To Use
New Testament
     Greek

   Lesson VII
Elements Of Greek

  •   Mood
  •   Voice
  •   Person
  •   Number
  •   Tense
  •   **Stem**
               Elements Of Greek
• Mood
   – The kind of action to the realm of reality
       • Indicative – I loose the servant.
              – Has happened, will happen, is
                 happening (certain)
       • Subjunctive – Though he loose the servant, I
         will not go. John 3:16
              – The realm of possibility of something
                 happening (wishful)
       • Imperative – Loose the servant.
              – The mood of command.
       • Infinitive – To loose the servant is difficult.
              – Can express verbal idea without limiting
                 by specifying person & number
         Elements Of Greek
• Voice
  – The relationship between the subject
    and the verb.
      • Active – the subject is said to perform
        the action.
            – The apostle looses the slave. luvw
      • Passive – the subject receives the action
        of the verb.
            – The slave is being loosed by the
               apostle. luvomai
      • Middle – the subject performs the
        action but for, or to, itself
            – The slave looses himself. luvomai
  Elements Of Greek
• Person
  – Expresses whether the subject is
     speaking (1st person), is being
     spoken to (2nd person), or is being
     spoken about (3rd person).

                  Singular      Plural

  1st Person          I           we
  2nd Person        you         you all
  3rd Person      he/she/it      they
Elements Of Greek
• Number
  – Whether the subject is
    singular or plural
• Tense
  – Reference to time element
    (past, present, future) & kind
    of action (imperfective,
    aoristic, perfective).
                                Elements Of Greek

                                                   Time Of Action
  Kind Of Action                   Past                    Present                 Future
     Imperative        Imperfect                  Present                   Future
in process / ongoing   eluvon – I was loosing     luvw – I loose (am        luvsw – I will loose
                                                      loosing)
       Aoristic        Aorist                     Present                   Future
undefined (no          eluvsa – I loosed          luvw – I loose            luvsw – I will loose
   comment on
   time)
       Perfective      Pluperfect                 Perfect                   Future Perfect
completed state of     leluvkein – I had loosed   leluvka – I have loosed   luvsw – I will loose
   action
a[gw – a[xw
I lead – I will lead
ajkou;w - ajkou;sw
  I hear – I will hear
bapti;zw – bapti;sw

 I baptize – I will baptize
ble;pw – ble;ysw

 I see – I will see
gra;fw – gra;ysw

 I write – I will write
dida;skw – dida;xw

 I teach – I will teach
doxa;zw – doxa;sw
 I glorify – I will glorify
eJtoima;zw – eJtoima;sw

 I prepare – I will prepare
e]cw – e]xw
I have – I will have
qerapeu;w – qerapeu;sw

I heal – I will heal
khru;ssw – khru;xw

 I preach – I will preach
lu;w – lu;sw
I loose – I will loose
pei;qw – pei;sw
I trust in – I will trust in
pe;mpw – pe;myw
 I send – I will send
   pisteu;w – pisteu;sw

I believe – I will believe
 sw;zo – sw;sw

I save – I will save
eimi
   ’




I am
mh; – ouj

    not
          Conjugations
 • Conjugations – related patterns of verbs
    – Latin conigo – “I join together”

    -w conjugation        - mi conjugation
luw          agw     didwmi    apollumi
lueis        akouw   didwV     deiknumi
luei         blepw   didwsi    dunami
luomen       ecw     didomen   apodidwomi
luete                didote    qhmi
luousin              didosi
 Primary Active Suffixes
      Singular          Plural

1 -w = I           -men = we

2 -eis = you       -te = you all

3 -ei = he/she/it -ousi(n) = they
                                         w




                                     }
        Primary Tenses                   eis
Present – I love / I am loving           ei
Future – I will love                     omen
Perfect – I have loved
                                         ete
Future Perfect – I will have loved
                                         ousi(n)



      Secondary Tenses
Imperfect
Aorist
Pluperfect
     Present And Future
    Active Indicative Of luw
Present Active     Future Active
      luw                lusw
     lueis              luseis
      luei               lusei
   luomen             lusomen
     luete              lusete
   luousin            lusousin

								
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