King John Good King, Bad King Learning Objective To know the reasons why King John could be considered both a good and bad King. Qualities of a King Which 3 qualities do you think were most important for a Medieval King? Rich – but not greedy! A good judge of character Fit and strong A good soldier Motivational Religious Hardworking Brave Firm – but fair! Wise The Story of King John “I am John, King of England. 800 years ago, I ruled England for 17 of the most important years in our history. Many people say I was a bad king, who made many mistakes, but in my opinion I did a good job, even though my father (Henry II) and brother (Richard the lionheart) left me with huge problems and very little money. The main reason people dislike me is because of the Robin Hood legend. In the Robin Hood stories, I am always shown as a greedy, cowardly ruler who treated people very unfairly, but you shouldn’t always believe everything you hear!” John rule England from 1199 – 1216. He faced the following problems: Problem 1 He quarrelled with the Pope about how to run the church. From 1208 until 1213, the Pope banned all church services in England and English people feared that they would all go the hell! Some church leaders blamed John for the trouble. Problem 2 John went to war twice against the French King. His army was badly beaten both times. He lost almost all the land that his father had gained in France! Problem 3 John raised taxes in England to pay for the wars. This upset his Barons! He ordered them to pay far more tax than earlier kings had done! Good King, Bad King Colour code the statements according to whether they say John was a good or bad king. Copy and complete the following; I think that John was a …………….. King. I think this because…. Some people may say the opposite to me. They might say that John was a ………… King. They would say this because…. How did the Barons strike back? In 1214 many Barons rebelled against John. They believed that he could not rule the country properly and was treating them unfairly. If someone didn’t do something the whole country could be ruined! In 1215 the Barons forced John to grant a charter, which was the first time anyone had expected an English king to obey a set of rules. It became known as the Magna Carta.
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