Geography Skills Handbook by rnrj9uO

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									Geography Skills
      Parts of Maps
 Title – tells what the map is
  about
 Orientation – compass rose for
  directions
 Date – when was the map
  created
 Author – who produced the map
 Legend or Key explains colors,
  symbols
 Scale- ratio of map to real-life
  size
Classification   Range                     Examples
                                           1:0.00001 for map of
large scale      1:0 – 1:600,000           virus; 1:5,000 for walking
                                           map of town
medium scale     1:600,000 – 1:2,000,000   Map of a country
                                           1:50,000,000 for world
small scale      1:2,000,000 – 1:∞         map; 1:1021 for map of
                                           galaxy
What parts
of the map
can you
find?
Parallels and Meridians
Longitude- vertical lines on
 a map or globe that
 measure distance east and
 west.
Latitude- horizontal lines
 used to measure distance
 north and south.
The Global Grid
Types of maps
 Physical Map- shows the
 physical features of the earth’s
 surface, or the differences in
 elevation.
 Political Map- shows the
  boundaries between
  countries.
Special Purpose Maps-
 Road maps, natural resource
 maps, economic activity maps, and
 time zone maps, etc.
What kinds of maps are
these? What would you
use them for?
     Map Projections
It is a way of representing
 the rounded earth on a flat
 surface.
Mercator Projection
Conic Projection
    Map Projections (cont.)

Sinusodial Projection
Azimuthal Projection
Goodes Interupted Equal-
 Area Projection
Robinson Projection
Gall-Peters Projection

								
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