PowerPoint Presentation - Mesa Verde National Park by rnrj9uO

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									Mesa Verde National Park




      By Gabe Alvarez
      April-May 2009
  Highland Park Elementary
  Location and Description
         Mesa Verde is a national park in Colorado.
It was nominated to become one in 1906. With its
forests of piñon pines and juniper, and the ancient
ruins that occupy the park, Mesa Verde is a very
interesting place. In Spanish, the name means
‘green table’, because of the vegetation. It is the
largest archaeological site in the U.S., with over
4,000 individual sites. Besides being the largest
site in the U.S., Mesa Verde also houses the record
of the greatest number of cliff dwellings ever
found. It is built under overhanging cliffs,
probably for protection.

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                                                     Mesa Verde
         Occupational History
     Mesa Verde was inhabited by thousands of Anasazi
Indians, from about 1 A.D. to 1300 A.D. Though this was
only one Anasazi site, it was one of the great cultural
centers of the Four Corners area. After the Anasazi, only
nomadic hunters stayed at Mesa Verde.
     The Anasazi first lived on top of the cliffs, but moved
down to beneath the cliffs in about 1100 for protection.
Then, in about 1300, Mesa Verde was evacuated
completely because of a severe drought.


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                                                         Indians
Significant Artifacts and Features
      Among the artifacts and features at Mesa Verde, there
 were the following. Kivas, which are used to hold religious
 ceremonies (underground), woven baskets, and woven
 belts made from dog hair. Then there were the different
 sites, each one named. Cliff Palace, the largest individual
 site at Mesa Verde, had 115 living rooms and a population
 of about 275 Anasazi. Spruce Tree House, another named
 area, was almost as large as Cliff Palace, had 115 living
 rooms and pit houses, which are like kivas.


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              Cliff Palace                            Spruce Tree House
       History of Excavation
    Mesa Verde was discovered in the late 1800’s. A
group of cowboys were riding over the cliffs, and the
horses discovered the ruins of Mesa Verde under the cliffs.
    The main things that were done were that the rubble
was cleared off of the roofs, and then the roofs were
removed.



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                                         Cultural Data
     The Anasazi who lived at Mesa Verde Park were
people who grew food and also hunted for food. They
grew corn, squash, and beans. They hunted wild game, and
they also raised turkeys.
     Their buildings were pueblos made of sandstone and
adobe. The pueblos were in villages, probably for
protection.
     Their main tools were the bow and arrow, decorated
pottery, and woven baskets.

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         Corn                                    Turkey                            Decorated Pottery

								
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