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					What is an analysis essay? It …
                …Gives facts.
                …Explains.
                …Gives steps in a process.
                …Presents ideas in logical
                 order or correct sequence.

  What are the key words that show it
  is an expository prompt?
  Most people enjoy some type of music. Think
    about your favorite type of music and explain
    why you like that particular type of music.
  Sometimes even the best drivers can get lost at
    times. Explain how you would direct a lost man
    to get back to the interstate highway from your
  Tell how to make a hamburger.

           EXPLAIN or TELL HOW.
Think – Brainstorm-PACO
 P-What is your purpose?
 A- Who is your audience?
 C- Content --What are
       your ideas for
       details, facts, or
   O- Organization --Think
       how you want to         Jot down these ideas.
       structure your paper.
            NOW START YOUR OUTLINE, OR WEB!            3
                         FIRST PAPAGRAPH
                          Introduce your topic
              Give 3 details, reasons, facts or steps in a process
                      You w ill talk about in your paper.

  KEY IDEA                        KEY IDEA                      KEY IDEA
   D(details)                     D(details)                    D(details)
 P (reasons)                     P (reasons)                   P (reasons)
E (facts/steps)                 E (facts/steps)               E (facts/steps)

 explanation                      explanation                   explanation

  elaboration                     elaboration                   elaboration

  examples                         examples                      examples

  KEY IDEA                        KEY IDEA                      KEY IDEA

 explanation                      explanation                   explanation

  elaboration                     elaboration                   elaboration

  exam ples                        exam ples                     exam ples

                          Summarize the points                                  4
                          you made in the essay
                          go back to the introduction
Let’s prepare to write an essay!
   Here’s the prompt.
   There are many good and bad
   things about being in the seventh
   grade. Explain what these things

What kind of prompt do we have?

Did you say expository? You’re    right!
    Use your scratch paper
Jot down a few transitions.
 What are transitions?
 Words or phrases that connect ideas or
  introduce the topic.
 Such as one, if, although, however,
  finally, in conclusion, first, second, next,
Make an outline or web. Develop a
1-3-1 plan. One Paragraph for intro-
      Three paragraphs for the body –
      One paragraph for the conclusion.
                                                       What's Good & Bad About 7th gr
                                                                  Provide a hook- Ask a question
                                                      talk about the good, bad and things both good and bad

                                 good/ fun things                       bad things                    things that are good
                                                                                                            and bad
                                 changing classes                          Sat test                             field trips
Next Another-
                                   and teachers
Although Finally                  Ms. Trunchbull                not like elementary school                    miss school
In conclusion                     And Ms. Honey
Consequently                       more freedom                   compare to stale food                   might be boring
                                        no line                                                     not get to sit with friends
                                                                  more tests and harder
                                    choose food
                                                                  stress-stomach hurts                             PE
Stars are                          spending time with friends
key ideas or controlling statements.                                                                          clothes sweat
                                                                  sitting in math longer
Explanations                                                          makes me sick                    Fun to play & compete
Evidence are listed below.                                                                                    HOMEWORK

                                                                                                                too much

                                                                                                              pull up grades

                           Conclusion: Sum up what you’ve said. Refer back to your introduction.                                  7
    This is an important step!
   Don’t try to write your paper
   without doing an outline first.


•You will be graded on organization.
     Sample Introduction
     Although I have taken many wonderful
vacations, my trip with my two best friends to
New York City is one I’ll always remember.
This was a fantastic trip because of the sights
we saw, the people we met, the plays we
enjoyed, and the laughs we shared.
 What’s the topic?    Each part of the plan
                      will be developed into
  What’s the plan?    paragraphs.                 9
After you make your web or outline,
start writing your introduction.
Leave space at the top for two more
lines. ( It won’t count against you.)You
might come back later to insert a little
background information in the
introduction. Remember to grab
interest and show the plan of your
paper in the introduction.

       Have you ever thought about what are the
good and the bad things in seventh grade? There
are good things like changing classes and more
freedom. Some of the bad things are you have to
stay in school longer, you have SAT tests, and tests
get harder. Stay with me as I explain the good and
bad things about being in the seventh grade.

  How does the writer grab your attention?

Let’s start on the body. Go
back to your web or outline for
the second paragraph.
Good Fun Things
-Changing classes and teachers
-Ms. Trunchbull & Ms. Honey
More Freedom
- no line
-See friends at lunch

First I will tell you about the good and fun things about
being in the seventh grade.You get to change classes so
if one teacher is like Mrs. Trunchbull in Matilda, you are
only with her for part of the day. If your teacher is like Ms.
Honey you will enjoy a fabulous time with her. Another
thing I enjoy is more freedom. We don’t have to walk in
straight lines as if we were soldiers marching off to war.
Next, you can get your own food instead of having the
lunch ladies get it for you. I like spending time with my
friends so if there are not in one of my classes, I can see
them at lunch.

Transition words help!
Does he explain, give examples, use metaphors?                   13
Look back at your outline for
the third paragraph
Bad things
 SAT Test
 -not like elementary school
 -compare to stale bread
 more test and harder
 -stress stomach hurts
 -math makes me sick

Next I’m writing about the bad things you go through in
seventh grade. First of all you have to take the SAT test.
In elementary school you didn’t have to worry about this
kind of thing. The SAT test is like eating stale food
because it can hurt you and it can be boring. The tests
get harder as you go on. We have so many of them they
can cause a major stress and make you feel like your
stomach was just pulled out. At my elementary school we
got out fifteen minutes earlier. Sitting in math class for
that extra minutes makes me feel terrible inside.

   Did you find the transitions? What are the
   key ideas? How does he explain his key
   ideas? What is the metaphor?                              15
Look back to your outline before
writing the fourth paragraph
 things that are both good & bad
    Field Trips
    -miss school
    -might be boring
    -clothes sweat
    -fun to play and compete
    -too much
    -pull up grades

       Finally my next category is going to be things that
come good and bad. First field trips are extremely fun
because you can talk and miss school. However it’s bad if
you go somewhere boring or can’t sit with your friend.
Everybody loves P.E. because we play real sports with
competitiveness. But sadly when we’re leaving PE, my
clothes get sweaty which doesn’t feel good. Everybody
knows the pluses and minuses of Homework! We have so
much homework it just takes the energy out of you, which
is bad. What is good about it is that the more homework
you have, the better chance you have to pull up your

 Did you find the transitions? What are the key ideas?
 How does he explain his key ideas?
Now we are ready for the fifth
paragraph – the conclusion which will
summarize our main points or key
ideas in the body.
Good and bad things
 changing classes
 SAT test
 going to school longer
 Good and Bad
 Fieldtrips                             18
In conclusion the seventh grade has good and bad things
involved. Such as more freedom, and changing classes.
Some other things are SAT test, going to school longer, and
quizzes and tests. Homework, P.E., and field trips fall into
both of those categories.

  What are your transitions? Does the writer
  sum up what he written? Does he refer back
  to the introduction.

 This paragraph was from an actual essay
 written by a student for the state writing
 assessment. His organization gave him a four.
   Identify your prompt
   Plan your work with an outline.
   Give your work a title with an action word.
   Grab interest in the beginning
   Build your paragraph with explanations,
    examples, & evidence following the topic
    statement or key statement.
   Use strong action words
   Use vivid adjectives
   Use metaphors
   Finished? Reread & reread to improve and
 Created by Chris Browning for Arrington Middle
   School, Birmingham City Schools
 Maureen Autum Step Up to Writing Program
 Birmingham City Schools workshops presenters
   Jerrie Foster, Gail Brown, Theresa Thomas,
   Jacquelyn Washington, Janet McMiller
 State of Alabama workshop presentations Rhonda
   Silmon –Teaching clear thinking before writing.
 Lecture Demonstration with Rick Shelton & Write
   Where You Are!

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