Nationalism and Sectionalism in Literature

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					     Nationalism and
Sectionalism in Literature
        1801-1850
       Objective 2.02
         Noah Webster
•America should record its own
 form of English.
•Became obvious as nationalism
 grew.
•American Dictionary of the English
 Language was published in 1828.
Noah
Webster
      Literary Renaissance
•Occurred in the early to mid
 1800s.
•Americans beginning to form
 national and regional identity –
 wanted to write about it.
        2 Major Groups
•Transcendentalists
 – urged people to over-come the
  limits of their minds and embrace
  beauty.
•New Nationalists
 –wrote of American identity and
  culture
       Transcendentalists
•Ralph Waldo Emerson – Nature
 (1836)
•Henry David Thoreau – must fight
 the pressure to conform to society
•Think of them as hippies of the
 1800s.
Emerson   Thoreau
      New Nationalists/
     Knickerbocker School
•Nathaniel Hawthorne – The Scarlet
 Letter
 –Ideas of Puritans
•Edgar Allen Poe
 –Terror and Mystery
  New Nationalists cont.
•James Fennimore Cooper –
 Last of the Mohicans
 –Wrote of Native Americans
•Washington Irving – “Legend
 of Sleepy Hollow”
     Alex de Tocqueville
•Not American but wanted to write
 about it.
•Wrote Democracy in America –
 told of his journeys through
 America
•Explained how the social
 conditions impacted both the
 individual and gov’t
     Art and Architecture
•Hudson River School—group of
 artists beginning in the 1820s
 known for landscape paintings, led
 by Thomas Cole
•George Caleb Bingham—art of
 ordinary Americans
•Neoclassical Architecture made an
 impression in America w/ its Greek
 style.
Thomas Cole, View from Mount
       Holyoke, 1836
George Caleb Bingham, Raftsmen
      Playing Cards, 1847

				
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