Elements of Literature by l8HOkc


									Elements of Literature
           The Ingredients of Stories
Most people know a good book or story
when they read one. But, can you tell
exactly what the author did to create
    such an appealing story? Can you
discuss the elements in the story that
   you liked so much? Well, with the
following terminology, you can discuss
  literature with authors, using their
  PowerPoint Created by Amelie Cromer-6th Grade TLC English
              Resource: The Write Source 2000
 The author’s way of explaining or developing the
 people in his/her story so the reader feels as if
 he/she knows the characters & can anticipate
 their actions.

5 Ways an Author can Develop a
1. Share the character’s thoughts
2. Describe his/her appearance in the story
3. Reveal what others in the story think about
    the character
4. Describe the character’s actions
5. Quote the character’s speech
Characters are either FLAT or ROUND
      Either STATIC or DYNAMIC
Flat: a character that is not well
developed; few traits, details, or
relationships are made clear; doesn’t
come alive to reader
Round: complex character; well-rounded
with lots of details about the character,
many traits become known, relationships
with other characters are clear.
 Static: a character whose personality
 doesn’t change throughout the story;
   Ex. begins as a snob and ends a snob;
       begins as shy and remains shy
• Dynamic: a character who undergoes a
  personality change during the story due
  to some type of conflict;
  – Ex. was shy and becomes brave;
        was selfish and becomes generous
Setting: time & place of the story

Protagonist: the main character;
   often the good guy or hero of the

Antagonist: the person or force
   fighting against the protagonist or
   good guy; the good guy’s problem
   (divorce, bully, death, war,
   Voldemort, etc.)
Plot: the story’s action; revolves
        around a conflict
5 Parts of Plot:
   Exposition: beginning; introduces
   setting, characters, conflict
   Rising Action: main part of the story;
   protagonist begins to work through
   problem & other small problems may
   arise to keep the story moving

      continued on next slide 
Brain Break!
Plot: cont’d
  Climax: most exciting part; usually the
  turning point where character comes
  face to face w/ antagonist
  Falling Action: leads to ending; the
  clean-up crew
  Resolution: end of story; problem is
  solved but may hint at a new problem
  to come
Point of View: angle from which a story
         is told; who’s telling it
2 Points of View:
  First Person: one of the characters is
 telling the story; You will I, me, we (but
 do not count these if they are ONLY in
 dialogue quotes only)
 Third Person: someone (narrator)
 outside the story is telling it; 3 types
   3rd Person Omniscient (All-knowing):
   narrator knows thoughts & feelings of all
Point of View…cont’d
 Third Person: cont’d

   3rd Person Limited Omniscient: only knows
  thoughts & feelings of some characters
   Camera View: narrator shares no thoughts
  or feelings of characters
Mood:    the feeling a reader gets from the
  story; the reader owns this emotion

Tone:   the writer’s attitude towards
  subject; serious, funny, sarcastic, thrilling,

Theme:    the subject or message being
  written about (love, hate, friendship, etc.)

Moral:    the lesson the author is trying to
  teach (those who plot revenge, perish in
  the end; beauty is only skin deep)
There are two ways that writers teach
  us about characters:                    Indirect
                                        is the most
•   Direct Characterization —            common.

  when the author TELLS you what
  the character is like.
•   Indirect Characterization—
when the author shows you what the
  character is like.

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