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									               KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111               Instructor               1
                                                        USING
                                                     LANGUAGE

                Language does not
                  simply mirror reality
                    Language helps shape
                          reality by giving
                       meaning to events



                KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                Instructor                          2
                                                       USING
                                                    LANGUAGE



                Words are the tools of
                               the speaker’s trade




               KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111               Instructor                          3
                                                        USING
                                                     LANGUAGE




          2 KINDS OF MEANING




                KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                Instructor                          4
                                                             USING
                                                          LANGUAGE


        DENOTATIVE
                Precise
                Literal
                Objective
                Dictionary
                 Meaning
                     KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                     Instructor                          5
                                                            USING
                                                         LANGUAGE

  CONNOTATIVE
           Variable
           Figurative
           Subjective
           Suggested or
               Implied
               Meaning

                    KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                    Instructor                          6
                                                        USING
                                                     LANGUAGE



  Language must be used
      ACCURATELY
              Be sensitive to shades of
                                meaning



                KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                Instructor                          7
                                                       USING
                                                    LANGUAGE

                  Language must be used
                       CLEARLY
                          A speaker’s
                           message must be
                           immediately
                           Comprehensible


               KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111               Instructor                          8
                                                             USING
                                                          LANGUAGE

  Ways To Speak
      Clearly:
        Use Familiar Words
        Use Concrete Words
        Eliminate Linguistic
           Clutter


                     KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                     Instructor                          9
                                                                 USING
                                                              LANGUAGE

  Language Must Be Used
      VIVIDLY
        Use Imagery
               Concrete      Words
               Simile
               Metaphor




                         KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                         Instructor                      10
                                                          USING
                                                       LANGUAGE



  Use RHYTHM To Enhance Vividness

           Language Has Rhythm Created By
         Choice And Arrangement Of Words



                  KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                  Instructor                          11
                                                        USING
                                                     LANGUAGE




  4 Basic Stylistic Devices
           To Enhance Rhythm:


                KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                Instructor                      12
                                                             USING
                                                          LANGUAGE



  Parallelism –
            The Similar Arrangement Of A
               Pair Or Series Of Related Words,
               Phrases, Or Sentences



                     KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                     Instructor                      13
                                                            USING
                                                         LANGUAGE


       Repetition –
                Repeating The Same Word
                   Or Set Of Words At The
                    Beginning Or End Of
                    Successive Clauses Or
                                Sentences

                    KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                    Instructor                      14
                                                           USING
                                                        LANGUAGE



    Alliteration –
                        Repeating The Initial
               Consonant Sound In Close Or
                      Adjoining Sentences



                   KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                   Instructor                      15
                                                             USING
                                                          LANGUAGE



  Antithesis –
            Juxtaposing Contrasting Ideas,
               Usually In Parallel Structure




                     KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                     Instructor                      16
                                                        USING
                                                     LANGUAGE

  Language must be used
          APPROPRIATELY
           Occasion
           Audience
           Topic
           Speaker



                KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                Instructor                      17
                                                                 USING
                                                              LANGUAGE

           Use Inclusive Language
            Language that does not stereotype,
             demean, or patronize people on the
             basis of gender, race, religion, disability,
               sexual orientation, or other factors.




                         KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                         Instructor                      18
                                                           USING
                                                        LANGUAGE

  Use Inclusive Language
  Avoid the generic “he”
  Avoid the use of “man” when referring to both men
   and women
  Avoid stereotyping jobs and social roles by gender
  Avoid identifying personal traits unrelated to the
   topic
  Use names that groups use to identify themselves


                   KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                   Instructor                      19

								
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