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					 Creating Schools We Need
   Where Best Practices
    Meet Next Practices
Willard R. Daggett, Founder and Chairman
             August 24, 2012
          Factors to Consider

•   Most Successful Practices
•   Research
•   CCSS/NGA
•   Change Theory
         Factors to Consider

• Most Successful Practices
Growing Gap



              School
              Improvement
Growing Gap



              School
              Improvement
Growing Gap

              School
              Improvement
Growing Gap
School
Improvement
         Factors to Consider

• Most Successful Practices
• Research
           Agenda

RESEARCH
           Agenda
             MODEL
RESEARCH
            SCHOOLS
           Agenda
             MODEL
RESEARCH              STRUCTURE
            SCHOOLS
           Agenda
             MODEL
RESEARCH                      STRUCTURE
            SCHOOLS




                    BEST
                  PRACTICES
              Agenda
                MODEL
RESEARCH                         STRUCTURE
               SCHOOLS




     ACTION            BEST
      PLAN           PRACTICES
            Agenda
              MODEL
                               STRUCTURE
             SCHOOLS
RESEARCH


   ACTION            BEST
    PLAN           PRACTICES
           Focus
•What is effective?
Research on Effectiveness
  1. Data-rich, analysis-poor
    –   Meta-analysis
Research on Effectiveness
  1. Data-rich, analysis-poor
    –   Meta-analysis
  2. Visible Learning by John Hattie
    –   52,637
    –   800 meta-analyses
           Focus
•What is effective?
•What you can impact?
•What is most efficient?
Effectiveness and Efficiency Framework



 High                           Low
 Cost                           Cost
Effectiveness and Efficiency Framework
         High Student Performance
                    E
                    f
                    f
                    e
 High               c           Low
                    t
 Cost               i           Cost
                    v
                    e
                    n
                    e
                    s
                    s
         Low Student Performance
Effectiveness and Efficiency Framework
         High Student Performance
                    E
                    f
                    f

 High      C        e
                    c
                    t
                        D           Low
 Cost               i               Cost
                    v
                    e
                    n
           A        e
                    s
                        B
                    s
         Low Student Performance
Student Teacher Relationship
         Effective         Efficient
     1                 1




                     0.8
   0.8
                            0.90

   0.6
           0.72      0.6




   0.4               0.4




   0.2               0.2




    0                 0
Application of Knowledge
        Effective         Efficient
    1                 1




  0.8               0.8



                            0.80
  0.6               0.6

          0.65
  0.4               0.4




  0.2               0.2




   0                 0
Professional Development
        Effective         Efficient
    1                 1




  0.8               0.8




  0.6               0.6     0.75
          0.62
  0.4               0.4




  0.2               0.2




   0                 0
Teacher Expectations and Clarity
          Effective         Efficient
      1                 1




                      0.8
    0.8
                              0.90

    0.6     0.75      0.6




    0.4               0.4




    0.2               0.2




     0                 0
Plan Instruction based on how Students Learn
             Effective         Efficient
                1.28
               1.28
         1                 1




       0.8               0.8




       0.6               0.6
                                 0.70

       0.4               0.4




       0.2               0.2




        0                 0
Assessment to Inform and
 Differentiate Instruction
       Effective         Efficient
  1                 1




 0.8               0.8


                          0.80
 0.6               0.6

         0.65
 0.4               0.4




 0.2               0.2




  0                 0
      Literacy Strategies
       Effective         Efficient
  1                  1




0.8                0.8




0.6                0.6


         0.61             0.65
0.4                0.4




0.2                0.2




 0                  0
         Peer Tutoring
      Effective         Efficient

  1                 1




0.8               0.8




0.6               0.6   0.75
      0.65
0.4               0.4




0.2               0.2




 0                 0
What is less effective and
         efficient
              Class Size
      Effective         Efficient
  1                 1




0.8               0.8




0.6               0.6




0.4               0.4




0.2               0.2

       0.21               0.20
 0                 0
       Summer School
      Effective         Efficient
  1                 1




0.8               0.8




0.6               0.6




0.4               0.4




0.2               0.2


        0.23             0.20
 0                 0
 Class      0.21
  Size     0.20

Summer      0.23
School     0.20

Ability            0.30
Group                            0.55

 Prior                                         0.67
Achieve                   0.40

 Teach      0.22
  Test                                                          0.90

Literacy                                0.60
                                           0.65
 Strats.
   Peer                           0.55
  Tutor                                               0.75

                                          0.62
    PD
                                                      0.75

 Meta                                          0.69
 Strats.                                                 0.80

 Form.                                                          0.90
 Eval.                                  0.60

Student                                           0.72
Teacher                                                         0.90

Teacher                                            0.75
Clarity                                                         0.90
         Factors to Consider

• Most Successful Practices
• Research
• CCSS/NGA
          Challenges
1. Standards will be higher
                                 Reading Study Summary
                                                     Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)
                                 1600



                                 1400
       Text Lexile Measure (L)




                                 1200



                                 1000



                                 800



                                 600
                                           High       College       High    College   Military   Personal Entry-Level   SAT 1,
                                         School      Literature    School Textbooks                Use    Occupations    ACT,
                                        Literature                Textbooks                                              AP*

* Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics
            2005 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Mississippi          88 %
Georgia              87 %
Wisconsin            83 %
Texas                81 %
Ohio                 77 %
Florida              71%
California           48 %
Massachusetts        48 %
            2009 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Georgia              87 %
Texas                84 %
Ohio                 82 %
Wisconsin            82 %
Florida              74%
California           60 %
Massachusetts        54 %
Mississippi          52 %
            2005 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Mississippi          88 %          161
Georgia              87 %          175
Wisconsin            82 %          189
Texas                81 %          190
Ohio                 77 %          199
Florida              71%           202
California           48 %          210
Massachusetts        48 %          234
            2009 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Georgia              87 %          178
Texas                84 %          188
Ohio                 82 %          192
Wisconsin            82 %          189
Florida              74%           206
California           60 %          202
Massachusetts        54 %          234
Mississippi          52 %          210
            2009 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Georgia             87 % (0)     178 (+3)
Texas              84 % (+3)     188 (-2)
Ohio               82 % (+5)     192 (-7)
Wisconsin          82 % (-1)      189 (0)
Florida            74% (+3)      206 (+4)
California        60 % (+12)     202 (-8)
Massachusetts      54 % (+6)      234 (0)
Mississippi       52 % (-36)    210 (+49)
           2009 Proficiency
         Grade 4 Mathematics
                                Required
                  Proficient
                               NAEP Score
Texas             85 % (+3)     214 (-5)
Wisconsin         81 % (+7)    219 (-16)
Mississippi      58 % (-21)    223 (+17)
Georgia            75 % (0)     218 (+3)
Ohio             78 % (+13)    219 (-14)
Florida          75 % (+12)     225 (-5)
California       65 % (+14)    220 (-11)
Massachusetts     48 % (+9)      255 (0)
Comparison of NAEP and California State
       Test Proficiency in 2011
                              California
                    NAEP
                                State

Grade 4 - Reading   25 %        64 %
Grade 8 - Reading   24 %        57 %

Grade 4 - Math      34 %        71 %
Grade 8 - Math      25 %        47 %
National Essential Skills Study
           (NESS)
                 NESS Study
              Subgroup Rankings
ELA Skill: Write clear and concise directions or procedures.

                        Group                    Rank


    Overall                                       9


    Business/Industry                             2


    Other Non-educators                           10


    English Language Arts Teachers                25


    Other Educators                               8
                   NESS Study
                Subgroup Rankings
ELA Skill: Give clear and concise oral directions.


                          Group                      Rank

      Overall                                         7

      Business/Industry                               3

      Other Non-educators                             9

      English Language Arts Teachers                  28

      Other Educators                                 7
                   NESS Study
                Subgroup Rankings
Math Skill: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to right triangles.


                        Group                      Rank

      Overall                                        20

      Business/Industry                              29

      Other Non-educators                            31

      Mathematics Teachers                           4

      Other Educators                                24
                    NESS Study
                 Subgroup Rankings
Math Skill: Understand accuracy and precision of
measurement, round off numbers according to the correct
number of significant figures, and determine percent error.

                         Group                       Rank

       Overall                                         12

       Business/Industry                               3

       Other Non-educators                             10

       Mathematics Teachers                            30

       Other Educators                                 8
          Challenges
1. Standards will be higher
2. Standards will be different
          Challenges
1. Standards will be higher
2. Standards will be different
     Application Model
1. Knowledge in one discipline
2. Application within discipline
3. Application across disciplines
4. Application to real-world
   predictable situations
5. Application to real-world
   unpredictable situations
     Knowledge Taxonomy
1.   Awareness
2.   Comprehension
3.   Application
4.   Analysis
5.   Synthesis
6.   Evaluation
     Application Model
1. Knowledge in one discipline
2. Application within discipline
3. Application across disciplines
4. Application to real-world
   predictable situations
5. Application to real-world
   unpredictable situations
                   Levels
Bloom’s

          6   C                 D
          5
          4
          3
          2   A                 B
          1
              1   2       3     4 5
                  Application
Rigor/Relevance Framework
    Analyze the graphs of the perimeters         Obtain historical data about local weather to
6       and areas of squares having                  predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun




                                                                D
        different-length sides.                      during year.




               C
    Determine the largest rectangular area       Test consumer products and illustrate the
5       for a fixed perimeter.
    Identify coordinates for ordered pairs
                                                     data graphically.
                                                 Plan a large school event and calculate
        that satisfy an algebraic relation or        resources (food, decorations, etc.) you
        function.                                    need to organize and hold this event.
4   Determine and justify the similarity or      Make a scale drawing of the classroom on
                                                     grid paper, each group using a different
        congruence for two geometric
        shapes.                                      scale.

3                                                 Calculate percentages of advertising in a
    Express probabilities as fractions,              newspaper.
      percents, or decimals.
2                                                 Tour the school building and identify examples




                                                                B
    Classify triangles according to angle size




               A
                                                     of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes,
      and/or length of sides.                        and angles.
    Calculate volume of simple three-             Determine the median and mode of real data
      dimensional shapes.
1   Given the coordinates of a
      quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral
                                                     displayed in a histogram
                                                  Organize and display collected data, using
                                                     appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.
      on a grid.



                1                2                   3                 4                 5
Rigor/Relevance Framework
    Analyze the graphs of the perimeters        Obtain historical data about local weather to
6       and areas of squares having                 predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun
         Express probabilities as fractions, percents,

                                                               D
        different-length sides.                     during year.




               C
    Determine the largest rectangular area      Test consumer products and illustrate the
          or decimals.
5       for a fixed perimeter.
         Classify triangles according to angle size
    Identify coordinates for ordered pairs
                                                    data graphically.
                                                Plan a large school event and calculate
        that satisfy an algebraic relation or       resources (food, decorations, etc.) you
          and/or length of sides.
        function.                                   need to organize and hold this event.
4   Determine and justify the similarity or
         Calculate volume of simple three-
                                                Make a scale drawing of the classroom on
                                                    grid paper, each group using a different
        congruence for two geometric
        shapes.                                     scale.
          dimensional shapes.
3        Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot a
                                  Calculate percentages of advertising in
                                     newspaper.
                                  grid.
          the quadrilateral on a Tour the school building and identify examples
2
               A                                               B
                                                    of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes,
                                                    and angles.
                                                 Determine the median and mode of real data

1                                                   displayed in a histogram
                                                 Organize and display collected data, using
                                                    appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.



                1                2                  3                 4                 5
Rigor/Relevance Framework
6         Calculate percentagesObtain historical data about local weather to
    Analyze the graphs of the perimeters
        and areas of squares having
                                              advertising in a
                                         ofpredict the chance of snow, rain, or sun
             newspaper.

                                                         D
        different-length sides.             during year.




               C
                                        Test consumer products and illustrate the
    Determine the largest rectangular area
5                                            and identify
          Tour the school buildingdata graphically.
        for a fixed perimeter.
                                             a large school event and calculate
             examples of parallelPlanresources (food, decorations, etc.) you
    Identify coordinates for ordered pairs
                                         and perpendicular
        that satisfy an algebraic relation or

4            lines, planes, and angles. to organize andthe classroom on
        function.
    Determine and justify the similarity or
                                            need
                                        Make a scale drawing of
                                                                  hold this event.

                                            grid mode of using
          Determine the median andpaper, each groupreal a different
        congruence for two geometric
        shapes.                             scale.
             data displayed in a histogram.
3         Organize and display collected data, using
    Express probabilities as fractions,
             appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.
      percents, or decimals.
2
                                                         B
    Classify triangles according to angle size




               A
      and/or length of sides.
    Calculate volume of simple three-
      dimensional shapes.
1   Given the coordinates of a
      quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral
      on a grid.



                1                2               3            4               5
C   D
A   B
    Rigor/Relevance Framework
          C            D
3
                   A                        B
     • Calculate with numbers,
2      including decimals, ratios,
       percents, and fractions.

     • Understand two-
       dimensional motion and
       trajectories by separating the
1      motion of an object into x
       and y components.



           1                 2          3   4   5
    Rigor/Relevance Framework
          C            D
3
                  A                   B
     • Know the characteristics and
2      phenomena of sound waves
       and light waves.

     • Understand the effect of
       sounds, words, and imagery
       on a listening audience.
1

          1                2              3   4   5
Performance Task drawn from the Ohio Performance
                                                   Available at,
Assessment Project.
                                                   www.ModelSchoolsConference.com/handouts12.html
          Factors to Consider

•   Most Successful Practices
•   Research
•   CCSS/NGA
•   Change Theory
Evolution of Change Model
            1 – Incremental Change
               (Improving Core Practices)


            2 – Innovative Change
        3       (Fundamental Change of
    2          Core Practice)


1           3 – Transformational Change
                (Affect Entire System)
        Transportation
              1 – Saddle

              2 – Horse and Wagon
        3
              3 – Car
    2
1
   A Look to the Future


Information is Everywhere…
    Smart Technology
           1 – Google Search




1
         Semantic Web
• Analyze Documents
   o Keywords and Headers (Google)
• Meaning / Concepts
   o Wolfram Alpha
• Complete Task
              2 Springfield
                 2
  whatthe gdp+ofsin^3 x dx
what Weathergdpin europe
   internet users france / italy
     is is springfield france?
           gdp france
           thex^2 of
   Integrate
        Implications
• Homework
          Implications
• Homework
• Term Paper
                 SPOT
• Integrated Projection
• Projection Keyboard
Projection Keyboard
Projection Keyboard and Monitor
    Smart Technology
           1 – Google Search

           2 – Google Glasses


    2
1
               Project Glass
Technology should work for you—to be there when you
    need it and get out of your way when you don’t.

Google X started Project Glass to build this kind of
   technology, one that helps you explore and share your
   world, putting you back in the moment.
Download any movie, website, or piece
  of information into your glasses or
            contact lenses
     In the Near Future…
• Students will be able to surf the
  Internet via their contact lenses.

• How will you deal with this in your
  schools?
      Today’s students live in a
      hyper-connected world,
           except in school
                 OR
are they also connected in school but
        we just don’t know it?
 Information is everywhere. In this
  changing world, sense-making and
the ability to evaluate the credibility
    of information are paramount.
    Smart Technology
            1 – Google Search

            2 – Google Glasses
        3
            3 – Google Car
    2
1
Online Instruction
     Online Learning Facts
• 30 states have full-time online schools
• 96% of LEAs have students enrolled in
  distance education courses at the HS
  level
US Average per Pupil Expenditures

 • Fully online model - $6,400
 • Blended-learning model - $8,900
 • Traditional school model - $10,000
K-12 Education – High Impact Factors




          3
      2
  1
Growing Gap



              School
              Improvement
Growing Gap

              School
              Improvement
Growing Gap
School
Improvement
K-12 Education – High Impact Factors

 • Gaming
 • Online Instruction
 • Blended Learning
Gaming is increasingly being built
   based upon brain research.
 Gaming is increasingly being built
    based upon brain research.

What is the implication to education?
            Angry Birds
• Downloaded 1 billion times
• Average of 800 bird launches per
  download
• Collectively 800 billion birds launched
• Over 600 million minutes played per day
• 400,000 years of time played
Game Theory in Education
           1 – Sushi Monster




1
   Game-based Programs
• Continuous improvement
• Immediate feedback
• Addictive
How do you feel about students being
        addicted to learning?
    Game-based Programs
• Continuous improvement
• Immediate feedback
• Addictive
• Today’s education games are often a
  technologically enhanced version of drill
  and practice
• Enabling more personalized learning
650,000 Apps in the App Store
     Technology Provides
• Personalization
     Technology Provides
• Personalization
                     Critical to Move
• Repetition        from Working to
                    Stored Memory –
• Volume               Needed for
                         Fluency
MCAT
Blended Model
Teachers
     Application Model
1. Knowledge in one discipline
2. Application within discipline
3. Application across disciplines
4. Application to real-world
   predictable situations
5. Application to real-world
   unpredictable situations
      Guiding Principles
•   Responsibility   •   Respect
•   Contemplation    •   Compassion
•   Initiative       •   Adaptability
•   Perseverance     •   Honesty
•   Optimism         •   Trustworthiness
•   Courage          •   Loyalty
Online Instruction
     Online Learning Facts
• 30 states have full-time online schools
• 96% of LEAs have students enrolled in
  distance education courses at the HS
  level
US Average per Pupil Expenditures

 • Fully online model - $6,400
 • Blended-learning model - $8,900
 • Traditional school model - $10,000
Game Theory in Education
            1 – Sushi Monster (FASTT
            MATH)


        3   2 – iRead
                Math 180
    2
1           3 – Online Game-based
            Learning
    Technology in Schools
             1 – Computer Labs

             2 – One-to-One Computing
        3
             3 – Bring Your Own
    2        Technology (BYOT)
1
Pencil Budget
Technology needs to do to education
 what it has done to countless other
         industries: Disrupt It
            Instruction
                1 – Project-based Learning

                2 – Flipped Classroom
        3
                3 – Online Game-based
    2               System
1
    Grading of Papers
            1 – Training all teachers to
                grade essays

            2 – Computer grading of
        3       essays
    2
            3 – Computer-based grading
1               and immediate
                instruction based on
                performance
    Learning
       1 – Learning Together




1
Professional Development
            1 – Student-run technology
            P.D. (survey/3 levels)

            2 – Teachers are given
            technology IEP with
        3   students as their mentors
    2       3 – Top 1/3rd students and
            teachers create alternative
1           instructional delivery
            system
Take off the plate
Next Network
1 23   4   5
             Road Map
• State Standards to State Test
            A
  State         State
Standards       Tests




                        A
      MEAP/MIME English LA
       Grade Level Content
       Expectations Tested
                   High   Medium   Low
     Grade 3        35      12      8
     Grade 4        25       0     29
     Grade 5        26       0     28
     Grade 6        27       0     24
     Grade 7        26       0     25
     Grade 8         0       0     51
30
     High School    51      11     31
            A
                        NESS
  State         State
                          &
Standards       Tests
                        Lexile
National Essential Skills Study
           (NESS)
                 NESS Study
              Subgroup Rankings
ELA Skill: Write clear and concise directions or procedures.

                        Group                    Rank


    Overall                                       9


    Business/Industry                             2


    Other Non-educators                           10


    English Language Arts Teachers                25


    Other Educators                               8
                   NESS Study
                Subgroup Rankings
ELA Skill: Give clear and concise oral directions.


                          Group                      Rank

      Overall                                         7

      Business/Industry                               3

      Other Non-educators                             9

      English Language Arts Teachers                  28

      Other Educators                                 7
                   NESS Study
                Subgroup Rankings
Math Skill: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to right triangles.


                        Group                      Rank

      Overall                                        20

      Business/Industry                              29

      Other Non-educators                            31

      Mathematics Teachers                           4

      Other Educators                                24
                    NESS Study
                 Subgroup Rankings
Math Skill: Understand accuracy and precision of
measurement, round off numbers according to the correct
number of significant figures, and determine percent error.

                         Group                       Rank

       Overall                                         12

       Business/Industry                               3

       Other Non-educators                             10

       Mathematics Teachers                            30

       Other Educators                                 8
Proficiency
                                            Reading Study Summary
                                                   Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)
                               1600



                               1400
     Text Lexile Measure (L)




                               1200



                               1000



                               800



                               600
                                         High       College       High    College   Military   Personal Entry-Level   SAT 1,
                                       School      Literature    School Textbooks                Use    Occupations    ACT,
                                      Literature                Textbooks                                              AP*

* Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics
            A
                        NESS
  State         State
                          &
Standards       Tests
                        Lexile
            A
                        NESS     Common
  State         State
                          &         Core
Standards       Tests
                        Lexile   Standards
           Road Map
•   State Standards to State Test
•   State Standards to Research
•   State Standards to CCSS
•   CCSS to State Standard
           Road Map
•   State Standards to State Test
•   State Standards to Research
•   State Standards to CCSS
•   CCSS to State Standard
•   State Test to CCSS
•   Samples to NGA
           Road Map
•   State Standards to State Test
•   State Standards to Research
•   State Standards to CCSS
•   CCSS to State Standard
•   State Test to CCSS
•   Samples to NGA
Performance Task drawn from the Ohio Performance
                                                   Available at,
Assessment Project.
                                                   www.ModelSchoolsConference.com/handouts12.html
State Test           NGA
             Create a large spinner for a game
             that has at least eight sectors. Each
             sector should be assigned a different
             ‘prize’. Prizes should range in value
             from most appealing to least
             appealing.

             Vary the sectors so that the
             probability to win a desired prize is
             much less that the probability to win
             a lesser desired prize. Calculate the
             theoretical probability of landing on
             each prize.

             Conduct multiple trials with the
             spinner and determine the
             experimental probability of landing
             on each prize. Which price has the
             greatest probability and which prize
             has the least probability?
             A                               D
                    NESS     Common
  State     State                        Consortium
                      &         Core
Standards   Tests                        Assessment
                    Lexile   Standards
Gold Seal Lessons
Gold Seal Lessons
Gold Seal Lessons
Gold Seal Lessons
                                 Michigan Arts Education
                                                  Curriculum
   Michigan English Language Arts                  Survey of
    Strands/Grade Level Content                    Essential
                                                               MEAP   Visual Arts   Dance   Music   Theatre
            Expectations                            Skills
              Grade 5                              National
                                                   Rankings

READING



Word Study


R.WS.05.01 Explain when to use and apply word
structure, sentence structure, and prediction
(semantics) to aid in decoding words and              e9        M         M          M       H        H
understanding meaning of words encountered in
context.
R.WS.05.02 Use structural, semantic, and
syntactic cues to automatically read frequently
encountered words, decode unknown words,
                                                      e9        H         M          M       H        H
and decide meaning including multiple meaning
words (e.g., letter/sound, rimes, base words,
affixes, syllabication).
R.WS.05.03 Automatically recognize frequently
encountered words in print, with the number of
                                                      e5        M         H          H       H        H
words that can be read fluently increasing
steadily across the school year.
R.WS.05.04 Know the meanings of words
encountered frequently in grade level reading         e5        M         H          H       H        H
and oral language contexts.
          Michigan Career and Technical Education
                                                                        Agriculture, Food                                                        Architecture                                      Arts, A/V Technology
                                                                                                                                                      &
                                                                       & Natural Resources                                                       Constructio                                        & Communications
                                                                                                                                                      n




                                                                 Systems
                                                                 Processing
                                                                 Food Products &
                                                                 Systems
                                                                 Agribusiness
                                                                 Technical Systems
                                                                 Power, Structural &
                                                                 Service Systems
                                                                 Environmental
                                                                                       Plant Systems
                                                                                                       Systems
                                                                                                       Natural Resource
                                                                                                                          Animal Systems
                                                                                                                                           Pre-Construction
                                                                                                                                           Design/
                                                                                                                                                              Construction
                                                                                                                                                                             Operations
                                                                                                                                                                             Maintenance/
                                                                                                                                                                                            Performing Arts

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Visual Arts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Technology
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Printing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Broadcasting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Journalism &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            & Film
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            A/V Technology
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ns
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Telecommunicatio
   Michigan English Language Arts                            M




                                                      NESS
                                                      Rank
        Strands/High School                                  M
        Content Expectations                                 E




CE 1.1.1 Demonstrate flexibility in using              E4
independent and collaborative strategies for           E6
planning, drafting, revising, and editing complex      E7    M                                                                                                                                                                
texts.                                                 E9
                                                       E22
CE 1.1.2 Know and use a variety of prewriting
strategies to generate, focus, and organize
ideas (e.g., free writing, clustering/mapping,          E4
talking with others, brainstorming, outlining,          E6
                                                             M                                                                                                                                                                  
developing graphic organizers, taking notes,
summarizing, paraphrasing).
CE 1.1.3 Select and use language that is
appropriate (e.g., formal, informal, literary, or      E8
technical) for the purpose, audience, and              E9
context of the text, speech, or visual                 E18
                                                             M                                                                                                                                                                 
representation (e.g., letter to editor, proposal,      E45
poem, or digital story).
CE 1.1.4 Compose drafts that convey an
impression, express an opinion, raise a
question, argue a position, explore a topic, tell a    E1
story, or serve another purpose, while                 E7
simultaneously considering the constraints and         E26
                                                             M                                                                                                                                                                 
possibilities (e.g., structure, language, use of       E45
conventions of grammar, usage, and
  A Look to the Future


  Focused and Sustained
Professional Development
             A                               D
                    NESS     Common
  State     State                        Consortium
                      &         Core
Standards   Tests                        Assessment
                    Lexile   Standards
            CCSS NGA
              1 – Curriculum Matrix

              2 – Next Network
        3
    2         3 – Online Game-based
                  System
1
            Our Mission
                1 – Teaching

                2 – Learning
        3
                3 – Personalization of
    2               Learning
1
  A Look to the Future


    Will Require a
Comprehensive Solution
Organizational Leadership
Organizational Leadership
  The Changing Landscape
• Technology
• Financial
   2011 US Federal Budget


Borrowing 41% of every dollar it is spending.
  The Changing Landscape
• Technology
• Financial
• Globalization
    The Changing Landscape
•   Technology
•   Financial
•   Globalization
•   Demographics
                1950

                2010

                2050




Male   Female
Teaching
Teaching
Organizational Leadership
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
•   Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant
    learning beyond the minimum requirements)
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
•   Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant
    learning beyond the minimum requirements)
•   Learner Engagement (The extent to which students are
    motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of
    belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships
    with adults, peers, and parents that support learning)
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
•   Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant
    learning beyond the minimum requirements)
•   Learner Engagement (The extent to which students are
    motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of
    belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships
    with adults, peers, and parents that support learning)
•   Personal Skill Development (Measures of personal, social,
    service, and leadership skills and demonstrations of
    positive behaviors and attitudes)
      Guiding Principles
•   Responsibility   •   Respect
•   Contemplation    •   Compassion
•   Initiative       •   Adaptability
•   Perseverance     •   Honesty
•   Optimism         •   Trustworthiness
•   Courage          •   Loyalty
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
•   Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant
    learning beyond the minimum requirements)
•   Learner Engagement (The extent to which students are
    motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of
    belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships
    with adults, peers, and parents that support learning)
•   Personal Skill Development (Measures of personal, social,
    service, and leadership skills and demonstrations of
    positive behaviors and attitudes)
Rubrics
Instructional Leadership
Instructional Leadership
Instructional Leadership
Instructional Leadership
Instructional Leadership
Organizational Leadership
Organizational Leadership
Top-down support for bottom-up success
Empower Leadership Teams
Practical strategies to support school and district leaders:
•   Supporting teachers in changing instruction to meet the requirements of the
    Common Core State Standards and Next Generation Assessments
•   Approaching evaluation from the broader perspective of selection, support, and
    evaluation of all educators
•   Providing meaningful Teacher Evaluations even with limited time and resources
Organizational Leadership
Organizational Leadership
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
•   Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant
    learning beyond the minimum requirements)
•   Learner Engagement (The extent to which students are
    motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of
    belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships
    with adults, peers, and parents that support learning)
•   Personal Skill Development (Measures of personal, social,
    service, and leadership skills and demonstrations of
    positive behaviors and attitudes)
Organizational Leadership
Teaching
Teaching
C   D
A   B
How Students Learn
C   D
A   B
Teaching
Teaching
   International Center for
   Leadership in Education
1587 Route 146
Rexford, NY 12148
Phone (518) 399-2776
Fax (518) 399-7607
E-mail: info@LeaderEd.com
www.LeaderEd.com
Compton Unified School District

 Willard R. Daggett, Founder and Chairman
              August 22, 2012
Growing Gap



              School
              Improvement




               Readiness
Growing Gap



              School
              Improvement
Growing Gap

              School
              Improvement
Growing Gap
School
Improvement
          Challenges
1. Standards will be higher
                                 Reading Study Summary
                                                     Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)
                                 1600



                                 1400
       Text Lexile Measure (L)




                                 1200



                                 1000



                                 800



                                 600
                                           High       College       High    College   Military   Personal Entry-Level   SAT 1,
                                         School      Literature    School Textbooks                Use    Occupations    ACT,
                                        Literature                Textbooks                                              AP*

* Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics
            2005 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Mississippi          88 %
Georgia              87 %
Wisconsin            83 %
Texas                81 %
Ohio                 77 %
Florida              71%
California           48 %
Massachusetts        48 %
            2009 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Georgia              87 %
Texas                84 %
Ohio                 82 %
Wisconsin            82 %
Florida              74%
California           60 %
Massachusetts        54 %
Mississippi          52 %
            2005 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Mississippi          88 %          161
Georgia              87 %          175
Wisconsin            82 %          189
Texas                81 %          190
Ohio                 77 %          199
Florida              71%           202
California           48 %          210
Massachusetts        48 %          234
            2009 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Georgia              87 %          178
Texas                84 %          188
Ohio                 82 %          192
Wisconsin            82 %          189
Florida              74%           206
California           60 %          202
Massachusetts        54 %          234
Mississippi          52 %          210
            2009 Proficiency
            Grade 4 Reading
                                 Required
                   Proficient
                                NAEP Score
Georgia             87 % (0)     178 (+3)
Texas              84 % (+3)     188 (-2)
Ohio               82 % (+5)     192 (-7)
Wisconsin          82 % (-1)      189 (0)
Florida            74% (+3)      206 (+4)
California        60 % (+12)     202 (-8)
Massachusetts      54 % (+6)      234 (0)
Mississippi       52 % (-36)    210 (+49)
           2009 Proficiency
         Grade 4 Mathematics
                                Required
                  Proficient
                               NAEP Score
Texas             85 % (+3)     214 (-5)
Wisconsin         81 % (+7)    219 (-16)
Mississippi      58 % (-21)    223 (+17)
Georgia            75 % (0)     218 (+3)
Ohio             78 % (+13)    219 (-14)
Florida          75 % (+12)     225 (-5)
California       65 % (+14)    220 (-11)
Massachusetts     48 % (+9)      255 (0)
Comparison of NAEP and California State
       Test Proficiency in 2011
                              California
                    NAEP
                                State

Grade 4 - Reading   25 %        64 %
Grade 8 - Reading   24 %        57 %

Grade 4 - Math      34 %        71 %
Grade 8 - Math      25 %        47 %
          Challenges
1. Standards will be higher
2. Standards will be different
     Application Model
1. Knowledge in one discipline
2. Application within discipline
3. Application across disciplines
4. Application to real-world
   predictable situations
5. Application to real-world
   unpredictable situations
     Knowledge Taxonomy
1.   Awareness
2.   Comprehension
3.   Application
4.   Analysis
5.   Synthesis
6.   Evaluation
     Application Model
1. Knowledge in one discipline
2. Application within discipline
3. Application across disciplines
4. Application to real-world
   predictable situations
5. Application to real-world
   unpredictable situations
                   Levels
Bloom’s

          6   C                 D
          5
          4
          3
          2   A                 B
          1
              1   2       3     4 5
                  Application
Rigor/Relevance Framework
    Analyze the graphs of the perimeters         Obtain historical data about local weather to
6       and areas of squares having                  predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun




                                                                D
        different-length sides.                      during year.




               C
    Determine the largest rectangular area       Test consumer products and illustrate the
5       for a fixed perimeter.
    Identify coordinates for ordered pairs
                                                     data graphically.
                                                 Plan a large school event and calculate
        that satisfy an algebraic relation or        resources (food, decorations, etc.) you
        function.                                    need to organize and hold this event.
4   Determine and justify the similarity or      Make a scale drawing of the classroom on
                                                     grid paper, each group using a different
        congruence for two geometric
        shapes.                                      scale.

3                                                 Calculate percentages of advertising in a
    Express probabilities as fractions,              newspaper.
      percents, or decimals.
2                                                 Tour the school building and identify examples




                                                                B
    Classify triangles according to angle size




               A
                                                     of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes,
      and/or length of sides.                        and angles.
    Calculate volume of simple three-             Determine the median and mode of real data
      dimensional shapes.
1   Given the coordinates of a
      quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral
                                                     displayed in a histogram
                                                  Organize and display collected data, using
                                                     appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.
      on a grid.



                1                2                   3                 4                 5
Rigor/Relevance Framework
    Analyze the graphs of the perimeters        Obtain historical data about local weather to
6       and areas of squares having                 predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun
         Express probabilities as fractions, percents,

                                                               D
        different-length sides.                     during year.




               C
    Determine the largest rectangular area      Test consumer products and illustrate the
          or decimals.
5       for a fixed perimeter.
         Classify triangles according to angle size
    Identify coordinates for ordered pairs
                                                    data graphically.
                                                Plan a large school event and calculate
        that satisfy an algebraic relation or       resources (food, decorations, etc.) you
          and/or length of sides.
        function.                                   need to organize and hold this event.
4   Determine and justify the similarity or
         Calculate volume of simple three-
                                                Make a scale drawing of the classroom on
                                                    grid paper, each group using a different
        congruence for two geometric
        shapes.                                     scale.
          dimensional shapes.
3        Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot a
                                  Calculate percentages of advertising in
                                     newspaper.
                                  grid.
          the quadrilateral on a Tour the school building and identify examples
2
               A                                               B
                                                    of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes,
                                                    and angles.
                                                 Determine the median and mode of real data

1                                                   displayed in a histogram
                                                 Organize and display collected data, using
                                                    appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.



                1                2                  3                 4                 5
Rigor/Relevance Framework
6         Calculate percentagesObtain historical data about local weather to
    Analyze the graphs of the perimeters
        and areas of squares having
                                              advertising in a
                                         ofpredict the chance of snow, rain, or sun
             newspaper.

                                                         D
        different-length sides.             during year.




               C
                                        Test consumer products and illustrate the
    Determine the largest rectangular area
5                                            and identify
          Tour the school buildingdata graphically.
        for a fixed perimeter.
                                             a large school event and calculate
             examples of parallelPlanresources (food, decorations, etc.) you
    Identify coordinates for ordered pairs
                                         and perpendicular
        that satisfy an algebraic relation or

4            lines, planes, and angles. to organize andthe classroom on
        function.
    Determine and justify the similarity or
                                            need
                                        Make a scale drawing of
                                                                  hold this event.

                                            grid mode of using
          Determine the median andpaper, each groupreal a different
        congruence for two geometric
        shapes.                             scale.
             data displayed in a histogram.
3         Organize and display collected data, using
    Express probabilities as fractions,
             appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.
      percents, or decimals.
2
                                                         B
    Classify triangles according to angle size




               A
      and/or length of sides.
    Calculate volume of simple three-
      dimensional shapes.
1   Given the coordinates of a
      quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral
      on a grid.



                1                2               3            4               5
C   D
A   B
    Rigor/Relevance Framework
          C            D
3
                   A                        B
     • Calculate with numbers,
2      including decimals, ratios,
       percents, and fractions.

     • Understand two-
       dimensional motion and
       trajectories by separating the
1      motion of an object into x
       and y components.



           1                 2          3   4   5
    Rigor/Relevance Framework
          C            D
3
                  A                   B
     • Know the characteristics and
2      phenomena of sound waves
       and light waves.

     • Understand the effect of
       sounds, words, and imagery
       on a listening audience.
1

          1                2              3   4   5
Performance Task drawn from the Ohio Performance
                                                   Available at,
Assessment Project.
                                                   www.ModelSchoolsConference.com/handouts12.html
Take off the plate
Next Network
1 23   4   5
             Road Map
• State Standards to State Test
            A
  State         State
Standards       Tests




                        A
CA STAR / CAHSEE English LA
    Benchmarks Tested
                   High   Medium   Low
        Grade 3     23      32     19
        Grade 4     22       9     22
        Grade 5     15      11     17
        Grade 6     22       8     21
        Grade 7     27       0     18
        Grade 8     15      12     22
        Grade 9     24      10     29
        Grade 10    24      10     29
        Grade 11    23       3     29
29253
        CAHSEE      25       3     17
            A
                        NESS
  State         State
                          &
Standards       Tests
                        Lexile
National Essential Skills Study
           (NESS)
                 NESS Study
              Subgroup Rankings
ELA Skill: Write clear and concise directions or procedures.

                        Group                    Rank


    Overall                                       9


    Business/Industry                             2


    Other Non-educators                           10


    English Language Arts Teachers                25


    Other Educators                               8
                   NESS Study
                Subgroup Rankings
ELA Skill: Give clear and concise oral directions.


                          Group                      Rank

      Overall                                         7

      Business/Industry                               3

      Other Non-educators                             9

      English Language Arts Teachers                  28

      Other Educators                                 7
                   NESS Study
                Subgroup Rankings
Math Skill: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to right triangles.


                        Group                      Rank

      Overall                                        20

      Business/Industry                              29

      Other Non-educators                            31

      Mathematics Teachers                           4

      Other Educators                                24
                    NESS Study
                 Subgroup Rankings
Math Skill: Understand accuracy and precision of
measurement, round off numbers according to the correct
number of significant figures, and determine percent error.

                         Group                       Rank

       Overall                                         12

       Business/Industry                               3

       Other Non-educators                             10

       Mathematics Teachers                            30

       Other Educators                                 8
Proficiency
                                            Reading Study Summary
                                                   Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)
                               1600



                               1400
     Text Lexile Measure (L)




                               1200



                               1000



                               800



                               600
                                         High       College       High    College   Military   Personal Entry-Level   SAT 1,
                                       School      Literature    School Textbooks                Use    Occupations    ACT,
                                      Literature                Textbooks                                              AP*

* Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics
            A
                        NESS
  State         State
                          &
Standards       Tests
                        Lexile
            A
                        NESS     Common
  State         State
                          &         Core
Standards       Tests
                        Lexile   Standards
           Road Map
•   State Standards to State Test
•   State Standards to Research
•   State Standards to CCSS
•   CCSS to State Standard
           Road Map
•   State Standards to State Test
•   State Standards to Research
•   State Standards to CCSS
•   CCSS to State Standard
•   State Test to CCSS
•   Samples to NGA
           Road Map
•   State Standards to State Test
•   State Standards to Research
•   State Standards to CCSS
•   CCSS to State Standard
•   State Test to CCSS
•   Samples to NGA
State Test           NGA
             Create a large spinner for a game
             that has at least eight sectors. Each
             sector should be assigned a different
             ‘prize’. Prizes should range in value
             from most appealing to least
             appealing.

             Vary the sectors so that the
             probability to win a desired prize is
             much less that the probability to win
             a lesser desired prize. Calculate the
             theoretical probability of landing on
             each prize.

             Conduct multiple trials with the
             spinner and determine the
             experimental probability of landing
             on each prize. Which price has the
             greatest probability and which prize
             has the least probability?
Performance Task drawn from the Ohio Performance
                                                   Available at,
Assessment Project.
                                                   www.ModelSchoolsConference.com/handouts12.html
             A                               D
                    NESS     Common
  State     State                        Consortium
                      &         Core
Standards   Tests                        Assessment
                    Lexile   Standards
Gold Seal Lessons
Gold Seal Lessons
Gold Seal Lessons
Gold Seal Lessons
      California Career and Technical Education
                                                                                                                            Agriculture &                                                                                               Arts, Media,                                   Building Trades
                                                                                                                            Natural Resources                                                                                                   &                                                &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Enterta                                      Construction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              inment




                                                                    CAHSEE

                                                                             Agriculture Business

                                                                                                    Agriculture Mechanics

                                                                                                                            Agriscience

                                                                                                                                          Forestry & Natural
                                                                                                                                                               Animal Science

                                                                                                                                                                                Ornamental & Horticulture

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Plant & Soil Science

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Media & Design Arts

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Performing Arts

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Production & managerial

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Cabinetmaking & Wood

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Engineering & Heavy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Mechanical Construction

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Residential & Commercial
                                                                     STAR
                      California




                                                                                                                                               Resources




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Arts

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Products

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Construction



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Construction
             Curriculum Content Standards
                English/Language Arts
                    Grades 9 and 10




1.1 Identify and use the literal and figurative meanings of
       words and understand word derivations.                        H   H                                                                                                                                                                                            

1.2 Distinguish between the denotative and connotative
       meanings of words and interpret the connotative               H   H                                                                                                                                                                                            
       power of words.
1.3 Identify Greek, Roman, and Norse mythology and use
       the knowledge to understand the origin and meaning
       of new words (e.g., the word narcissistic drawn from
                                                                     L   M                                                                                                                                  
       the myth of Narcissus and Echo).
2.8 Evaluate the credibility of an author's argument or
      defense of a claim by critiquing the relationship
      between generalizations and evidence, the
      comprehensiveness of evidence, and the way in which            H   H                                                                                                                                                                                                           
      the author's intent affects the structure and tone of the
      text (e.g., in professional journals, editorials, political
      speeches, primary source material).
3.1 Articulate the relationship between the expressed
       purposes and the characteristics of different forms of
       dramatic literature (e.g., comedy, tragedy, drama,
                                                                     H   M                                                                                                                                                                                 
       dramatic monologue).
                              California Arts Education

            California Mathematics                      CA
            Standards/Benchmarks                     Standards   Visual Arts   Dance   Music   Theatre
                   5th Grade                            Test

2.4 Understand the concept of multiplication and
division of fractions.                                 M             H          H       H        H
2.5 Compute and perform simple multiplication
And division of fractions and apply these              M             H          H       H        H
procedures to solving problems.
1.1 Use information taken from a graph or
equation to answer questions about a problem           M            M           M       M       M
situation.
1.4 Identify and graph ordered pairs in the four
quadrants of the coordinate plane.                     H            M           L       L        L
1.5 Solve problems involving linear functions
With integer values; write the equation; and graph     H             H          L       L        L
The resulting ordered pairs of integers on a grid.
1.2 Construct a cube and rectangular box from
two-dimensional patterns and use these patterns to     H             H          L       L        H
Compute the surface area for these objects.
1.3 Understand the concept of volume and use the
appropriate units in common measuring systems
(i.e., cubic centimeter [cm3], cubic meter [m3],       H             H          L       L        H
cubic inch [in3], cubic yard [yd3]) to compute the
volume of rectangular solids.
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
•   Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant
    learning beyond the minimum requirements)
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
•   Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant
    learning beyond the minimum requirements)
•   Learner Engagement (The extent to which students are
    motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of
    belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships
    with adults, peers, and parents that support learning)
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
•   Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant
    learning beyond the minimum requirements)
•   Learner Engagement (The extent to which students are
    motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of
    belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships
    with adults, peers, and parents that support learning)
•   Personal Skill Development (Measures of personal, social,
    service, and leadership skills and demonstrations of
    positive behaviors and attitudes)
      Guiding Principles
•   Responsibility   •   Respect
•   Contemplation    •   Compassion
•   Initiative       •   Adaptability
•   Perseverance     •   Honesty
•   Optimism         •   Trustworthiness
•   Courage          •   Loyalty
              Learning Criteria
•   Foundation Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of
    English language arts, math and science, and others
    identified by the school)
•   Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant
    learning beyond the minimum requirements)
•   Learner Engagement (The extent to which students are
    motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of
    belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships
    with adults, peers, and parents that support learning)
•   Personal Skill Development (Measures of personal, social,
    service, and leadership skills and demonstrations of
    positive behaviors and attitudes)
      Guiding Principles
•   Responsibility   •   Respect
•   Contemplation    •   Compassion
•   Initiative       •   Adaptability
•   Perseverance     •   Honesty
•   Optimism         •   Trustworthiness
•   Courage          •   Loyalty
   International Center for
   Leadership in Education
1587 Route 146
Rexford, NY 12148
Phone (518) 399-2776
Fax (518) 399-7607
E-mail: info@LeaderEd.com
www.LeaderEd.com

				
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