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					   Wetland
 Monitoring and
  Assessment

National Water Quality Monitoring
         Council Meeting
        August 20, 2003
How Does Wetland Monitoring Support
Clean Water Act Programs?
•Evaluating effectiveness of restoration and BMPs (Section
319)
•Identifying Priority Watersheds and demonstrating recovery
of watersheds
•Measuring performance of compensatory mitigation (Section
404)
•Influencing federal permits and licenses (Section 401)
•Assessing Water Quality Standards (Section 303)
•Tracking and Reporting Conditions (Section 305(b))
What Is EPA Doing to Support Wetland
Monitoring?
•Build state/tribal monitoring capacity by coordinating and
expanding upon existing monitoring efforts
•Facilitate the development and implementation of
comprehensive state and tribal wetland monitoring programs
•Lead the National Wetland Monitoring and Assessment
Workgroup (EPA Regions and HQ, 14 States, 2 Tribes,
USGS, NRDC, ORD)
What is the Role of the National Wetland
Monitoring Workgroup
•Establish regional wetland monitoring workgroups
•Provide a forum for technical support, data and methods
sharing
•Provide financial support (Wetland Program Development
Grants)
•Provide technical guidance and training
                        Regional Activities

   Communication            Quality Science      Technology Transfer

    Work Group          Research Collaboration       Demonstration
    Formation                                          Projects
                         EMAP Design Team
 New England (R1)                                  Ambient Monitoring
                          REMAP Projects
Mid-Atlantic (R2/3)                                  Restoration and
                           RARE Projects         Mitigation Effectiveness
   Mid-West (R5)
                            STAR Grants           Regulatory Decision
Rocky Mountain (R8)                                    Making

Tidal Venture (R9/10)
Technical Support for Biological Assessment
Methods Development
•Pilot projects
•Technical assistance to states
•Biological Assessment of Wetlands Working Group (BAWWG)
   •Began in 1995
   •7 states, 6 universities, 4 federal agencies, 1 county
   •Methods for Evaluating Wetland Condition
   (http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/criteria/wetlands/)
   •Technical Workshop on formulating an Aquatic Life Use
   Support framework for wetlands
          3-Tiered Technical Approach
                                                                 Products/Applications
Level 1 - Landscape Assessment:                               •Status and Trends
Evaluate indicators for a landscape view of watershed and
                                                              •Targeting Restoration and further
                                                              monitoring
wetland condition
                                                              •Landscape Condition Assessment
                                                              •Integrated Reporting (305(b)/303(d))
Level 2 – Rapid Wetland Assessment:                           •401/404 Permit Decisions
Evaluate the general condition of individual wetlands using   •Identify potential impacts/stressors
relatively simple indicators. These assessment are based
upon identification of stressors (i.e. road crossings, tile   •Integrated Reporting
drainage, ditching).                                          •Assign designated uses

Level 3 – Intensive Site Assessment                           •WQS Refinement
                                                              •Integrated Reporting (attainment
                                                              decisions)
Designed to provide quantitative data on wetland condition
within an assessment area, used to refine rapid wetland
                                                              •Rest./Mitig.Performance Criteria
assessment methods and diagnose the causes of wetland         •TMDL Dvlpmt. & Implementation
degradation.                                                  •Verify Levels 1 and 2
Combination of Technical Tools
•Probability-based (randomized) designs
•Targeted monitoring
•Predictive tools
   •Landscape models
   •Water quality models
   •Remote sensing
•Support the full range of decision objectives at multiple
scales
Financial Support for State and Tribal
Monitoring Programs
•Wetland Program Development Grants (CWA 104(b)3)
   •Targeting more grant funds towards wetland monitoring
   •Wetland monitoring identified as National Wetland
   Program Priority
   •$5 m in FY02, > $8 m since FY01
•Other funding opportunities
   •EMAP/REMAP
   •STAR
Next Steps:
•Continue developing state/tribal technical and programmatic
capacity through regional and national workgroups
•Develop technical guidance on 3 Tiered Assessment
Approach
•Describe wetland condition through aquatic life uses
•Work with states to develop wetland component of state
monitoring strategies

				
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