Practise

Document Sample
Practise Powered By Docstoc
					Completing of Sentence (2007-2012) for SSC /HSC Exam



  So that/ in order that (hv‡Z /†hb+D‡Ïk¨hy³evK¨vsk) NUbvejxi ga¨Kvi
  Kvh©KiY m¤úK© I djvdj cÖKv‡k e¨eüZ nq|
  Complex sentence Gi cÖ_g clause-G Ggb GKwU welq _v‡K hv GKwU
  D‡Ï‡k¨ Kiv n‡q‡Q A_vr cÖ_g NUbvwUi djvd‡j Ab¨ GKwU NUbv NU‡Z
  cv‡i, Ggb K‡i ev NUv‡bvi D‡Ï‡k¨ G ai‡bi †¶‡‡Î t-
  Subject+ verb+ Extension+ So that/in order that +subject
  +can/could/may/might +verb(present)+ other words
  Present tense+ so that+ subject + can/may +Verb (present)+
  The students studies diligently so that they can secure/get good marks.
  Past tense+ so that+ Extension +subject+ could/might+ V(present)+
  The students studied diligently so that they could secure good marks.
             1. We take exercise so that we can keep our body fit.
  SO            (Avgiv ˆ`wnK e¨vqvg Kwi hv‡Z Avgiv Avgv‡`i kixi‡K
  THAT       h‡_vchy³ ivL‡Z cvwi|)
     SO      3. We eat so that we may live. (Avgiv LvB hv‡Z Avgiv evPu‡Z
  THAT       cvwi|)
             4.He worked hard so that he could pass.
              ( ‡m GZ cwikªg K‡iwQj hv‡Z cvk Ki‡Z †c‡iwQj|)
             5. He always flatters his boss so that he may get benefit.
                (†m memgq Zvi em‡K †Zvlv‡gv` K‡i hv‡Z †m myweav †fvM
             Ki‡Z cv‡i|)
             6. He went to London so that he could achieve higher education.
                (‡m jÛ‡b wM‡qwQj hv‡Z †m D”PZi wk¶v MÖnY Ki‡Z
             cv‡i|)
             7. He opened a bank account so that he could easily deposit
             money.
                (‡m e¨vs‡K GKvD›U Ly‡j wQj hv‡Z †m Zvi UvKv ¸‡jv
             msi¶Y Ki‡Z cviZ|)

    1. Man eats in order that they may live.(gvbyl LvB hv‡Z †m †e‡Pu
       _vK‡Z cv‡i|)
    2. They come here in order that they could enjoy a movie.
          ( Zviv GLv‡b G‡mwQj hv‡Z Zviv wPÎwU Abyaveb Ki‡Z cvi‡e|)

            Which/that (‡hwU--†mwU/†h¸‡jv---†m¸‡jv)
  Which e¯Í, cªvbx, †`‡ki cwie‡Z© e‡m| GwU singular I plural Dfq ‡¶‡Î
  e¨eüZ nq|That e¯Í, cÖvYx e¨w³i cwie‡Z© e‡m, Z‡e †`‡ki cwie‡Z©
  e‡mbv|GwUI singular I plural Dfq‡¶‡Î e¨eüZ nq|
     1. All that glitters is not gold.(PK PK Ki‡jB †mvbv nq bv|)
     2. He is sure that he will pass in the examination.
          (‡m wbwðZ †h †m cix¶vq cvk Ki‡e|)
     3. That he is honest he is poor.( ‡m mr †m Mixe|)
     4. It is true that we are progressing day by day.
           (Bnv mZ¨ †h Avgiv w`b w`b DbœwZ jvf KiwQ|)
     5. He said that he had not gone to school the previous day.
           (‡m ejj †h †m MZKvj we`¨vj‡q wM‡qwQj|)
     6. His silence proves that he is guilty.(Zvi wbieZv cÖgvb K‡i †h †m
        †`vlx|)
     7. I am sure that he will succeed.(Avwg wbwðZ †h †m mvdj¨ jvf Ki‡Z
        cvi‡e|)
     8. Mother told me that she would cook for me.(gv ejj †h †m Avgvi Rb¨
        ivbœv K‡iwQj|)




                                   So ----that (GZB †h)/
1.    Sub+ verb+ so+ adjective/adverb +that + subject +can/could+(not)+verb
     (present
        Form)+Extension(ewa©Z Ask).
2.    Sub+ verb+ so+ adjective/adverb +that + subject +shall/will+(not)+verb
     (present
        form)+Extension(ewa©Z Ask).
3.    Sub+ verb+ so+ adjective/adverb +that + subject +do/does/did+(not)+verb
     (present form)+Extension (ewa©Z Ask).
4.     Sub+ verb+ so+ adjective/adverb +that + subject +verb (present
     form)+Extension(ewa©Z Ask).
       1. The old man is so weak that he can not walk.
SO --        (e„× †jvKwU GZ `ye©j †h †m nvUu‡Z cv‡i bv|)
THAT   2. He was so foolish that he could not realize his friends.
              (†m GZ †evKv wQj †h †m Zvi eÜz‡`i‡K Abyaveb/eyS‡Z
SO THAT cvijv bv|)
       3. Musa was so determined that he could easily success.
              (gymv GZ msKíe× wQj †h †m mn‡RB mvdj¨ jvf K‡iwQj|)
       4. He is so weak that he can’t walk. (†m GZ `ye©j †h nvUu‡Z
          cv‡i bv|)
       5. He is so dishonest that nobody trusts him. (†m GZ Amr †h
          †KD Zv‡K wek¦vm K‡i bv|)
       6. The dinner was so delicious that I could not check my
          temptation.
              (LveviwU GZ my¯^v`y wQj †h Avwg Avwg Avgvi †jvf
          mseiY Ki‡Z cvijvg bv|)
       7. The load was so heavy that he could not carry it.
              (‡evSvwU GZ fvix wQj †h †m GZ wb‡q †h‡Z cvij bv|)

              hw` + eZ©gvb Kvj, +fwel¨rKvj
If+ Subject +verb (present)+Extension, Subject +shall/will +verb(present)
+Extension
           A_ev, fwel¨rKvj +hw` + eZ©gvb Kvj
Subject+ shall /will +verb (present)+Extension, If +Subject+ verb
(present)+Extension
                1. If you walk slowly you will miss the train.
If                    (hw` Zzwg ax‡i ax‡i nvUu Zzwg †UªbwU †c‡Z
                   e¨_© n‡e|)
                2. If you help me I will give money. (hw` Zzwg
                   Avgv‡K mvnvh¨ Ki, Avwg †Zvgv‡K UvKv †`e|)
                3. If you do not waste your time you will pass in the
                   examination.
                      ( Zzwg hw` ‡Zvgvi mgq bó bv Ki, Zzwg cix¶vq
                   cvk Ki‡Z cvi‡e|)
                4. You will not be punished if you study attentively.
                       (Zzwg kvw¯Í cv‡e bv hw` Zzwg g‡bv‡hv‡Mi
                   mv‡_ covïbv Ki|)
                5. If you write me I will answer to you.(Zzwg hw`
                   Avgv‡K †jL, Avwg †Zvgv‡K DËi w`e|)
                6. If you invite me I will go there.(Zzwg hw` Avgv‡K
                   Avgš¿Y RvbvI, Avwg †mLv‡b hve|)
                7. If you study more you will learn more.
                      (hw` Zzwg †ewk K‡i covïbv Ki,Zzwg †ewk K‡i
                   Rvb‡Z cvi‡e|)
                8. If her uncle arrives, she will be happy.(hw` Zvi
                   gvgv Av‡m †m Lywk n‡e|)
                9. Be truthful if you want to shine in life.
                      (mZ¨evw` nI hw` Zzwg Rxe‡b DbœwZ jvf Ki‡Z
                   PvI|)




If+ Subject+ verb(Past form)+ Extension, Subject+ would/ could
/might+ verb (present ) +Extension
Or ,
Subject+ would/ could /might+ verb (present ) +Extension if+
Subject+ verb(Past form)+ Extension
1. If I went there, I would met him.
        (hw` Avwg †mLv‡b †h‡Z cviZvg Avwg Zvi mv‡_ †`Lv Ki‡Z
   cviZvg|)
2. If they wanted, I would go. (hw` Zviv PvBZ, Avwg †mLv‡b
     †hZvg|)
3.   If I found him, I would have told him.
         (hw` Avwg Zv‡K †cZvg Avwg ‡Zvgv‡K mvnvh¨ KiZvg|)
4.   If I knew his phone number, I would call him.
           (hw` Avwg Zvi †dvb b¤^i RvbZvg, Avwg Zv‡K †dvb Ki‡Z
     cviZvg|)
5.   If I were rich I would help the poor.
          (hw` Avwg abx n‡Z cviZvg Avwg Zv‡K Mixe‡`i‡K mvnvh¨
     Ki‡Z cviZvg|)
6.   If I were you, I would help the poor.(hw` Avwg Zzwg nZvg Avwg
     Mixe‡`i‡K mvnvh¨ KiZvg|)
7.   If I were a king, I would help the poor.
        (hw` Avwg ivRv nZvg, Avwg Mixe‡`i‡K mvnvh¨ KiZvg|)
8.   If you told me the news I would come.
        (hw` Zzwg Avgv‡K msev`wU w`‡Z Avwg Avm‡Z cviZvg|)



If+ Subject+ had+ verb(Past Participle)+ Extension, Subject+ would
have/ could have /might have + verb (past participle ) +Extension
Or,
Subject+ would have/ could have /might have + verb (past participle )
+Extension if+ Subject+ had+ verb(Past Participle)+ Extension
1. If I had seen you before, I would have helped you.
        (hw` Avwg,†Zvgv‡K Av‡M †`L‡Z cviZvg,Avwg †Zvgv‡K
   mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z cviZvg|)
2. If I had got student visa, I would gone to Australia.
       (hw` Avwg QvÎ wfmv †cZvg Avwg A‡óvwjqv †h‡Z cviZvg|)
3. If I had met him before I would have gone.
        (hw` Avwg Zvi Av‡M Av‡M mv¶vZ Ki‡Z cviZvg, Avwg
   †mLv‡b †h‡Z cviZvg|)
4. If I had seen him I would punished him.
       (hw` Avwg Zv‡K †`LZvg, Avwg Zv‡K kvw¯Í w`‡Z cviZvg|)
   5. If I had found you I would have told my problems.
   Had I been a rich, I would have helped the poor.
   Had I seen him I would have not gone away.
   (hw` Avwg Zv‡K †`L‡Z cviZvg, Avwg †h‡Z cviZvg|)
                Because/As/Since+ KviY wewkó evK¨vsk ,+dj wewkó¨
          evK¨vsk
     1. As she was ill, she could not attend the meeting.
         (‡h‡nZz †m Amy¯’ wQj, †m Av‡jvPbvq AskMÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡iwb|)
     2. As he was tired, he could not go to school.
        (‡h‡nZz †m K¬všÍ wQj, †m                   Ki‡Z cv‡iwb|)
     3. As it was raining, I could not go out.(‡h‡nZz e„wó nB‡ZwQj, Avwg
     evB‡i hvBwb|)
     4. Crops did not grow well as it did not rain in time.
          (dmj fvj nBwb †h‡nZz fvj e„wócvZ nqwb|)
5.   He always fails in the examination because he is not attentive to study.
6.   Rahim could not walk fast because he was ill.
7.   Since the boy broke discipline, he was punished.
8.   Since they played well, they won the match.
9.   Since the weather was very cold, I could not go out.

Lest (b‡PZ, bZzev, cv‡Q, Ab¨_vq) cv‡Q fq nq †h..Õ Giƒc A_© cÖKvk
K‡i|KZ©v Zvi D‡Ï‡k¨ mdj Ki‡Z LyeB Zrci Ges wKQyUv kswKZ †h †m
Zvi Kv‡R mdj nj wKbv|
 Lest Gi c~‡e©i e³‡e¨i KviYwU clause AvKv‡i wjL‡Z nq| cÖ_g clause Gi
subject I wØZxq clause Gi subject GKB _v‡K|
lest Gi c‡ii clause wUi MVb n‡et-
        KviYm~PK evK¨ +lest+ subject+ should/might+ V(present form)+
other words
Subject +verb +lest +subject +should/might+ verb Gi base form(Present
form). Lest Wv‡b KLbI bv‡evaK (Negative) kã e‡m bv
1. Walk fast lest you should miss the train.(`ªyZ nvUu bZzev †UªbwU †dj
    Ki‡e|)
2. Avoid mistakes lest you should get poor good marks.
       (fyj Gwo‡q Pj bZzev cix¶vq Zzwg Kg b¤^i cv‡e|)
3. Read attentively lest you should fail in the exam.
       (g‡bv‡hv‡Mi mv‡_ †jLvcov Ki bZzev cix¶vq †dj Ki‡e|)
4. The old man walks slowly lest he should fall.
      (e„ׇjvKwU Lye ax‡i ax‡i nv‡Uu bZzev †m c‡i †h‡Z cv‡i|)
5. They ran hurriedly lest they should miss the train.
       (Zviv ‡`Šovw”Qj bZzev Zviv †UªbwU †dj Ki‡Z cv‡i|)
6. Go to the bank with the cheque lest you should fail to cash your cheque.
         (‡PKwU wb‡q e¨vs‡K hvI bZzev †P‡K UvKv †c‡Z e¨_© n‡e|)
7. He walked fast lest he should miss the train.
        ( †m `ªyZ nvUwuQj bZzev Zviv †UªbwU †dj Ki‡Z cv‡i|)
8. He walks slowly lest he should stumble.
     ( ‡m ax‡i nvUwQj bZzev Zv‡K †nvPUu †L‡Z n‡e|)
9. Read diligently lest you should fail. (g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i cv‡Q †dj
   Ki‡e|)

It is high time/It is time
‡Kvb KvR Kivi Dchy³ mgq BwZg‡a¨B AwZevwnZ n‡q‡Q,ZvB Avi †`wi bv
K‡i GLbB KvRwU ïi“ Kiv DwPZ-Giƒc †evSv‡Z It is high time/It is time nq
Ges c‡i Subject I verb Gi past form e‡m|
      It is high time/It is time+ subject +verb base form(Present
form)+others+
        It is high time we changed our decision.
         (BnvB Dchy³ mgq Avgv‡`i wmÏvšÍ cwieZ©b Kievi |)




              In case/Provided (that)/providing (that)/if (hw`)
In case/Provided (that)/providing (that)/if (hw`) Gi wVK c‡ii clause wU
kZ© cÖKvk K‡i Ges Ab¨ clause wU djvdj cÖKvk K‡i|

1. He can lend you the money provided you will help him.
       (‡m †Zvgv‡K UvKv avi w`‡Z cv‡i GKk‡Z© †h Zzwg Zv‡K mvnvh¨
   Ki‡e|)
2. He will shine in life provided that he works hard.
      (‡m Rxe‡b DbœwZ jvf Ki‡e GK k‡Z© †m K‡Vvi cwikªg Ki‡e|)


               Since(ZLb †_‡K/Zvici †_‡K †Kvb mgq †_‡K/†_‡K)
(1g ev‡K¨) present Indefinite Tense/Present Perfect Tense +Since (wØZxq
ev‡K¨) Past Indefinite Tense
Or, (1g ev‡K¨)Past Indefinite Tense /+Since (wØZxq ev‡K¨)Past Perfect
Tense
  1. It is long time since I saw you last.(A‡bK w`b AwZµvšÍ nj Avwg
      †Zvgv‡K ‡kl †`‡LwQjvg|)
  2. It was many years since we meet last.
         (A‡bK w`b AwZµvšÍ n‡qwQj Avgiv cÖ_g †`Lv K‡iwQjvg|)
  3. It is many years since I saw him.(A‡bK w`b AwZµvšÍ n‡q‡Q Avwg
      Zv‡K †`‡LwQjvg|)
  4. Five years have passed since he left the country.
          (cvPu ermi AwZµvšÍ n‡q‡Q Avwg †`k Z¨vM K‡iwQjvg|)
  5. It is long since I saw you last.(A‡bK w`b AwZµvšÍ nj Avwg †Zvgv‡K
      ‡kl †`‡LwQjvg|)
Subject(Noun/Pronoun)+is/are/was/were+the+(noun)+that/who/which+ev
K¨vsk
  1. It is you who are to blame.(GB nq Zywg †h Gi Rb¨ `vqx |)
  2. It is I who am to blame .(GB nB Avwg †h †Zvgvi wk¶K)
  3. It is I am to blame.(GB nB Avwg †h Gi Rb¨ `vqx |)
  4. Sadnan is one of the students who got prize.
        (mv`bvb A‡bKRb Qv‡Îi g‡a¨ GKRb †h cyi¯‹vi †c‡qwQj|)
    Subject+be verb(is,are,was,were)+the place+where+ evK¨vsk
  1. Danger comes where night falls.(‡hLv‡b ev‡Ni fq †mLv‡b ivZ nq |)
  2. I know where he lives .(Avwg hvwb Zviv ‡Kv_vq _v‡K |)


       Subject+ be verb +the time/month/year +when+ evK¨vsk
  1. Saturday is the day when I go for a week tour.
       (kwbevi GKwU w`b hLb Avwg mvßvwnKfv‡e Nyi‡Z hvB |)
  2. 1971 is the year when we got our independence.
        (1971 mv‡j Avgiv Avgv‡`i ¯^vwabZv AR©b Kwi |)
  3. 10 am is the time when we go to school.
        (mKvj 10Uv nq Ggb GKwU mgq hLb Avgiv ¯‹z‡j hvB|)
  4. 10 pm is the time when we eat .(ivZ 10Uv Ggb GKwU mgq hLb
     Avgiv weQvbvq hvB |)
  5. Do you know when the last train will arrive?(Zzwg wK hvb †k‡li
     †UªbwU Avm‡e |)




As if/As though (†hb))
Õ‡hbÕ Gi e¨envi Bs‡iRx‡Z A‡bKUv Aev¯Íe kZ©g~jK (unreal
conditional sentence) gZ| as if/as though Gi ×viv Ggb Ae¯’v †evSv‡bv
n‡q _v‡K hv cÖK…Z Ae¯’v bq|
Present tense Gi †¶‡Ît-
Subject+ verb (present indefinite)+ as if/as though+ sub+ verb(past
indefinite)+
   He talks as if/as though he won the first prize
Past Tense Gi †¶‡‡Î t-
 Subject+ verb(past)+ as if/as though+ subject+ verb(past participle
form)+
  He talked as though he had won the first prize
   1. He speaks as if he knew everything.(‡m Ggb fv‡e K_v e‡j †hb
as    †m mewKQy hv‡b |)
if 2. Shima tells the matter as if she knew everything.
         (wmgv welqwU Ggb fv‡e e‡j †hb †m me Rv‡b |)
   3. He pretends as if he were a mad .(†m Ggb fvb Kij †h †m cvMj
      |)

                 No sooner had-------than (n‡ZB/n‡Z bv n‡ZB)t
No sooner +had+ subject+ verb Gi Past participle+ object +than
+subject +verbGi Past form +evwK Ask
     1. No sooner had I reached the station, than the train left.
         (Avwg †÷l‡b †cŠQ‡Z bv †cŠQv‡Z †UªbwU †Q‡i w`j |)
     2. No sooner had he reached the school, than the bell rang.
        (Avwg ¯‹z‡j †cŠQv‡Z bv †cŠQv‡Z †ej w`‡q w`j |)
     3. No sooner had the police came, than the thief ran away.
        (cywjk Avm‡Z bv Avm‡Z †Pvi cvwj‡q †Mj |)
  4. No sooner had the doctor gone, than the patient died.
        (Wv³vi Avm‡Z bv Avm‡Z †ivMx g‡i †Mj |)
               Hardly had-----when/before (n‡ZB/n‡Z bv n‡ZB)t
Hardly +had+ subject+ verb Gi Past participle+ object +when/before
+subject+ verbGi Past form+evwK Ask
       1. Hardly had I reached the station, when the train started.
          (Avwg †÷l‡b †cŠQv‡Z bv †cŠQv‡Z †UªbwU P‡j †Mj|)
Scarcely had-----when/before (n‡ZB/n‡Z bv n‡ZB)t
scarcely +had+ subject+ verb Gi Past participle+ object
+when/before +subject+ verbGi Past form+
   1. Scarcely had he reached the station, when the train left.
           (‡m †÷l‡b †cŠQv‡Z bv †cŠQv‡Z †UªbwU P‡j †Mj|)
   2. Scarcely had the assembly begun, when the speaker entered.
           (mgv‡ek ïi“ bv n‡ZB e³v cÖ‡ek K‡iwQj|)
   3. Scarcely had I reached the station, when the train left.
          (Avwg †÷l‡b †cŠQv‡Z bv †cŠQv‡Z †UªbwU P‡j †Mj|)

           Before
 1. He came home before he had completed the work.
 2. He was given the job after he had applied for it.
     Unless (hw` bv, Zv bv n‡j, bv Ki‡j)
     †Kvb GKwU KvR bv Ki‡j, bv n‡j AciwU NU‡Z cv‡i Ggb A_© cÖKv‡ki
     Rb¨ Unless+ clause nq|
     Unless Gi c‡ii clause wU present tense n‡j Aci clause G subject Gi ci
     will/can e‡m| wKš‘ past tense n‡j would/ could e‡m| unless hy³ clause wU
     KL‡bv Negative nq bv| Dfq clause B GKB tense Gi nq|
       A_©vr Unless+ nu¨v †evaK evK¨vsk,/ bv †evaK e¨vKvsk
     bv †evaK evK¨vsk + unless +nu¨v‡evaK evK¨vsk|
1.   You can not shine in life unless you work hard.
2.   We can not keep our body fit unless we take a balanced diet.
3.   You will not pass in the examination, unless you study hard.
4.   He could not obtain a good result, unless he studies hard.
     Unless+ nu¨v †evaK evK¨vsk,/ bv †evaK e¨vKvsk
1.   Unless you hurry up, you will miss the train.
2.   Unless you study attentively, you will fail in the examination.
3.   Unless you work hard, you will not shine in life,
4.   Unless you study hard, you will not pass in the examination
5.   Unless you work hard, you cannot prosper in life.
6.   Unless you read attentively, you will fail in the examination.

     Till ch©šÍ): /Until (hZ¶b ch©šÍ bv,
     †Kvb GKwU NUbv ch©šÍ ev †h ch©šÍ bv eySv‡Z till ev until mgq
     wb‡`©kK NUbv D‡jL Kiv nq `ywU clause B GKB tense Gi nq|
     Till Gi c‡ii evK¨vsk negative (bv-†evaK) ev affirmative (nuv-†evaK)
     ev‡K¨I †h †KvbwU n‡Z cv‡i|
     You will be writing it till the bell rings
     We waited there till the rain stopped.
     I shall nurse my mother till she comes round.
     We waited there till the rain did not stop
     Wait here till I come back
     Until kãwU negative A_© cÖKvk K‡i| ZvB until ×viv †h clause ïi nq †m
     clause ‡h no ev not e‡m bv| †hgbt
     They will not go out until the rain stops.
     He will be waiting for me until I come back
     Work hard until success comes
     We walked until we became tired
     We shall stay in this room until the rain stops.
     Wait here until he comes.

     Though/Although/Even though (hw`I— --ZeyI/hw`I/n‡jI) w`‡q `ywU ci¯úi
     we‡ivax fv‡ei Zzjbv ¯’vcb K‡i| †Kvb Ae¯’v ev NUbvi wecixZg~Lx †evSv‡Z
     e¨eüZ nq,
  wbqgt Though/Although/Even though+ 1wU evK¨vsk +wecixZgyLx 1wU
 evK¨vsk(wecixZag©x)
  1. Though he is poor, he is honest.(hw`I †m Mixe †m mr|)
  2. Though he is rich, he is dishonest.(hw`I †m abx †m Amr|)
  3. Though Bangladesh has limited natural resources she has a vast
     population (hw`I evsjv‡`‡k cÖvK…wZK m¤ú` mxwgZ ZeyI Gi wecyj
     RbmsL¨v i‡q‡Q|)
  4. Though the boy is intelligent he is lazy.(hw`I †m eyw×gvb †m Ajm|)
     1. He went out although it was raining heavily.
        ( ‡m evB‡i †ei n‡jv hw`I cÖPzi e„wócvZ nB‡ZwQj|)



When +present Tense+ Future Tense
Or Future Tense+ When+ present
  When+Past Tense,+ Past Tense

  Or When +Present Tense,+Present Tense
    Present Tense+When+Present Tense
  1. When he arrived here he was accorded a warm reception.
  2. When I entered the classroom, I found him absent.

  As soon as(†h‡Z bv †h‡ZB; Ki‡Z bv Ki‡ZB;NU‡Z bv NU‡ZB)
  GKwU KvR n‡Z bv n‡ZB Avi GKwU KvR ïiy n‡j A_ev GKwU KvR ïiy
  nIqv gvGB Avi GKwU KvR m¤úbœ n‡j Avgiv As soon as e¨envi Kwi|
  As soon as+ past indefinite tense+ past indefinite tense.
    1. As soon as we saw him, he ran away in fear.

 Had+ subject+ verb(past participle)+complement+modifier,+ subject+
 would have/could have/might have+ verb(past participle)+ complement+
 modifier.
 Had I had the time, I would have gone to market yesterday
 Had he been here yesterday, I would have told you.

 Wish: Aev¯Íe kZ©g~jK ev‡K¨i (unreal conditional sentence)Gi gZ e¨eüZ
 nh G‡ÿ‡Î Ggb Ae¯’v cÖKvk K‡i ev ev¯Íe m¤§Z bq|
 Future wish:
              Subject+ wish+ that+ subject+ would/could+were
              She wishes that she could buy a new house next month
               I wish that I would attend the party tomorrow
 Present wish:
                Subject+ wish+ that+ subject+ verb(past indefinite)
                  He wishes that she had a car.
   Past wish:
                Subject+ wish+ that+ subject+ verb(past perfect)
                He wishes that she had bought a new house last month.


     What [hv---Zv]: welhe¯Í/e¯Í
1. What he has told is not true.
2. Do you believe what he said yesterday?

    Who (‡h--†m/whwb/ wZwb/hviv---Zviv) :e¨w³ †evSv‡Z e¨eüZ nq|
 Singular I plural Dfq number G e¨eüZ n‡Z cv‡i|
  1. A patriot is he who loves his country.
  2. A man who is drowning catches at a straw.
  3. It is he who has broken the glass.
  4. It is I who am your teacher.
  5. Sadnan is one of the students who got GPA-5 in the SSC examination.
  6. The man who loves his country is a patriot.




     What [hv---Zv]: welhe¯Í/e¯Í
   1.What he has told is not true.
   2. Do you believe what he said yesterday?

     Incase [hw`,(†Kv‡bv wKQz) NU‡j/n‡j]
A. Principal clause+ incase+ subordinate clause
        He carries an umbrella incase it rains.
B. Incase+ subordinate clause,+ Principal clause.
        Incase he come, I waited at the station.
C. Present tense+ incase+ present.
         Call me in case you face any problem
D. Future tense+ incase+ present
        He will carry an umbrella incase it rains
E. Incase+ past tense,+ past tense
        Incase he came, I waited at the station

   Whatever+ clause (hvB †nvK bv †Kb A‡_©)/hv-B
   Whatever he says is false/is true.
  We can’t do whatever we like.
  Children want whatever they play with.
  A son likes whatever his mother gives to him.

  Whose (hvi-Zvi, hv‡`i ---Zv‡`i):e¨w³/e¯Í/cÖvYx
  This is the boy whose father is a teacher.
  The man whose son is a doctor has come to see you.

  How (†hfv‡e, wKfv‡e) c×wZ, aib,cÖwµqv †evSv‡Z Giƒc How e¨envi Kiv
  nq)
  I do not know how he did the work.
  This is the method how I solved the problem

  Why (‡Kb, KxR‡b¨, Kx Kvi‡b) KviY †evSv‡Z why e¨envi Kiv nq|
  We do not know the reason why he comes here
  Do you know why he often comes here?

  Wherever (†hLv‡bB †nvK bv †Kb BZ¨vw` A‡_©)
  I’ll go wherever I like.
  He can go wherever he wants to
  She will prosper wherever she moves.

  Where+ clause (†hLv‡b)
  I know where he goes
  You may go where you wish
  Where there is a will there is a way
  This is the village where I was born

Rules of Preposition for HSC Exam

Prepositions
prepositions                       করব ।
     -         -
      -                                             হয় ।
        : a) They were walking slowly along the road.
b) I looked along the shelves for the book I needed.
      -                                                     হয় ।
        :
a) Houses have been built along both sides of the river.
b) They went along the side of that field.
    -          -
    -
              হয় ।          :
a) They divided the mangoes among the boys.
b) The chief guest distributed the prizes among the winners.
     -

হয় ।          :
a) There was a house among the trees.
b) The strolled among the crowds.
     -
                                                   হয় ।          : a) A British woman was
among them.
b) He was among the last to leave.
     -              -
      -
               হয় ।          : a) Divide the mangoes between Rana and Rupa.
b) There was a pier-glass between the windows.
      -
                         হয় ।            : a) I sat down between Rahim and Karim.
b) Switzerland lies between the two windows.
      -
               হয় ।          : a) It is cheaper between 6 pm and 8 am.
 )D ’                       s.
      -
               হয় ।          : (a) There is a close relationship between Maya and Keya.
(b) There is a link between unemployment and crime.
     -            -
      -                                                                     হয় ।        :
 )H      iv            fiv ’c ck.
b) The cost would be around 5,000/-.
      -
                                                                             হয় ।         :
a) I heard laughter all around.
b) This is the yard with a fence all around.
      -
               হয় ।          :
a) We were all running around trying to get ready in time.
b) There were papers lying around all over the floor.
      -
                                      হয় ।
        : a) There was more money around in those days.
b) I knocked but there was no one around.

Rules of Prepositions for HSC Exam

Prepositions
    -        i   -
    -                                                                          i
               হয় ।
        : a) Who is the girl standing behind Rahim?
b) Stay close behind me.
     -
                          behi                    হয় ।
        : a) He is behind the rest of the class in reading.
b) We are behind schedule.
     -
                                           i                হয় ।
        : a) What is behind that happy smile?
b) He was the man behind the plan to build a new hospital.
     -            -
     -                                                       হয় ।          :
a) Our success was far beyond what we thought possible.
b) She has got nothing beyond her state pension.
     -
                                                                    হয় ।
        : a) The situation is beyond our control.
b) The exercise was beyond the abilities of most of the class.
     -           -
     -
                                    bel                   হয় ।         : a) He dived below
the surface of water. b) Please do not write below this line.
     -
                                                  হয় ।
        : a) The temperature remained below freezing all day.
b) Her work was well below average for the class.
     -       -
     -
হয় ।           :
a) The telephone is by the window. b) Come and sit by me.
     -      ssiv v -                                                হয় ।           :
(a) The work has been done by her.
(b) The floor was cleaned by them.
     -
                 হয় ।           : (a) The house is heated by gas.
(b) I will contact you by letter.
      -                                                                       ’
                              -                                   হয় ।
         : (a) They met by chance.
(b) I did it by mistake.
      -                                                                            হয় ।
           ( )C          fi is          k fiv ’c ck?
(b) He ought to have arrived by now.
      -                                 ব
                 হয় ।
         : (a) He walked by me speaking. (b) They passed by the forest.
      -
হয় ।
         : (a) The bullet missed him by two inches.
(b) House prices went up by 10%.
      -
                 হয় ।
         : (a) I took him by the hand. (b) She seized her by the hair.
      -
হয় ।            : (a) They are improving day...day. (b) We will do it bit...bit.

Prepositions
    -      c ss-
    -
             c ss                       হয় ।            :
(a) He walked across the field.
(b) I drew a line across the page.
      -                                                         c ss                  হয় ।
          :
(a) He hit him across the face.
(b) It is too tight across the back.
     -
                                   c ss                        হয় ।            : (a) Her
family is scattered all across the country.
(b) This view is common across all sections of the community.
Ste -       -
    -                                                                  i
              হয় ।          :
(a) This is the country in Africa.
(b) The kids were playing in the street.
     -                                                  i                      হয় ।
        :
(a) He is in the drawing room.
(b) She got in her car and drove off.
     -                                      i                   হয় ।              : (a)
Nazrul was born in 1899 and died in 1976.
(b) She will meet you in spring.
     -
                                                    i                      হয় ।
        :
(a) She was lying in bed.
(b) Leave the key in the lock.
     -                                                      i                    হয় ।
        :
(a) She came here in disguise.
(b) He was all in black.
     -                                                                     i
              হয় ।         :
(a) We went out in the rain.
(b) He was sitting alone in the darkness.
     -
         i                  হয় ।          : (a) He took part in the function. (b)
She is in the army.
    -
             i                  হয় ।       ন : (a) Roll it up in a ball.
(b) They sat in rows.
Prepositions
         i            si i s                       করব ।
     -                                                     i                হয় ।
        : (a) Say it in English
(b) She wrote in pencil.
     -                                                         i             হয় ।
        : (a) She was not lacking in courage.
(b) This is the country rich in minerals.

    -         -
    -                                                               i
                  হয় ।         : (a) Come into the house. (b) She dived into water.
     -                                                     i                 হয় ।
        : (a) Speak clearly into the microphone. (b) Driving into the sun, we
had to shade our eyes.
     -                                                                 i
               হয় ।                c i           ki       i     i .H i ’
get married until he was well into his forties.
     -                                                i                    হয় ।
        : (a) Water turns into ice.
(b) The fruit can be made into jam.

Step-19: Fr       -
    -
                                               f                    হয় ।            :
(a) The man came from abroad. (b) Has the train from Kamalapur arrived?
     -
         f                 হয় ।          : (a) This is the letter from my elder
brother. (b) I see, you have got the information from witnesses.
     -                                                                      f
                হয় ।         : (a) He was blind from birth. (b) The quotations are
from Shakespeare.
    -
                                  f                  হয় ।          : (a) Steel is
made from iron.
(b) This is made from cement.
     -
             f                হয় ।              :
You can see the island from here.
From a financial point of view the project was a disaster.
    -                                                               f
              হয় ।          : The temperature varies from 30 degrees to minus
20. The store sells everything from shoelaces to computers.

     -
                                            f                    হয় ।           : (a)
The party was ousted from power after eighteen years. (b) She was separated
from her family.
    -                                                           f
              হয় ।        : (a) We prevented her from going there.
(b) She saved him from drowning.
     -                                                                f
              হয় ।        : (a) You can tell a lot about a person from his
handwriting? (b) You can recognise her from this situation.
    -
                           f                   হয় ।         : (a) Is Portuguese
different from Spanish?
(b) This is different from that.
     -        -
     -                                                                     f
                হয় ।         : (a)There is a letter for you. (b) It is a book for your
children.
     -
f                  হয় ।          : (a)What can I do for you? (b) Can you translate
the letter for me
     -                                                                         f
                হয় ।         : (a) They are anxious for their safety. (b)
Fortunately for us, the weather changed.
    -                                                                   f
              হয় ।          : (a) Are you for or against the proposal? (b) They
voted for independence of the nation.
    -                                                              f
হ য়।           ( ) L ’s f          k. ( )                      i       E   is f
pleasure?
     -                                                f                          হয় ।
       : (a) Dhaka is famous for thousands of mosques. (b) Once Dhaka was
famous for Muslin Cloth.
    -                                                              f
              হয় ।        : (a) He came to me for advice. (b) For more
information, call this number.
Prepositions



           i         si i s                    করব ।
Rule-8:                                                   f                        হয় ।
         : (a) Copies are available for two dollars each. (b) I will swap these two
bottles for that one.
     -
               f                হয় ।          : (a) Is this the bus for North
Bengal?(b) She knew that she was destined for a great future.
    -                                          f                             হয় ।
               ( )     i         f   f       s. ( ) T     ’s                 s          is f
you.
       -
                                                  f                         হয় ।               :
(a) You have to face an appointment for May 12. (b) We have been invited for
7.30 pm.
     -    f-
     -                                           f             হয় ।          :
(a) The love of a mother is never exhausted. (b) The role of a teacher is very
important.
    -
                                                   f                  হয় ।            : (a)
She is a woman of Italian descent.
(b) We are the people of North Bengal.
    -
                                 f                      হয় ।               : (a) That was
the city of Egypt. (b) They are talking about the issue of housing.
     -
              f               হয় ।         : She bought kgs of potato. He is a
boy of 12.
    -                            Adj c iv -               si i               f
                 হয় ।          : (a) We are proud of our independence. (b) Are you
sure of your success?

Rules of Prepositions for HSC Exam

Prepositions
    -        i   -
    -                                                                            i
               হয় ।
        : a) Who is the girl standing behind Rahim?
b) Stay close behind me.
     -
                               i                  হয় ।
        : a) He is behind the rest of the class in reading.
b) We are behind schedule.
     -
                                           i                হয় ।
        : a) What is behind that happy smile?
b) He was the man behind the plan to build a new hospital.
     -            -
     -                                                       হয় ।            :
a) Our success was far beyond what we thought possible.
b) She has got nothing beyond her state pension.
     -
                                                                    হয় ।
       : a) The situation is beyond our control.
b) The exercise was beyond the abilities of most of the class.
     -             -
      -
                                                             হয় ।         : a) He dived below
the surface of water. b) Please do not write below this line.
      -
                                                       হয় ।
         : a) The temperature remained below freezing all day.
b) Her work was well below average for the class.
     -        -
      -
হয় ।            :
a) The telephone is by the window. b) Come and sit by me.
      -      ssiv v -                                                  হয় ।          :
(a) The work has been done by her.
(b) The floor was cleaned by them.
      -
                  হয় ।          : (a) The house is heated by gas.
(b) I will contact you by letter.
      -                                                                       ’
                              -                                   হয় ।
         : (a) They met by chance.
(b) I did it by mistake.
      -                                                                             হয় ।
           ( )C          fi is          k fiv ’c ck?
(b) He ought to have arrived by now.
      -
                  হয় ।
         : (a) He walked by me speaking. (b) They passed by the forest.
      -
হয় ।
         : (a) The bullet missed him by two inches.
(b) House prices went up by 10%.
      -
                  হয় ।
         : (a) I took him by the hand. (b) She seized her by the hair.
      -
হয় ।            : (a) They are improving day...day. (b) We will do it bit...bit.

Prepositions
    -      c ss-
    -
              c ss                   হয় ।       :
(a) He walked across the field.
(b) I drew a line across the page.
      -                                                     c ss                 হয় ।
          :
(a) He hit him across the face.
(b) It is too tight across the back.
     -
                                   c ss                 হয় ।              : (a) Her
family is scattered all across the country.
(b) This view is common across all sections of the community.
     -      -
     -                                                                    i
               হয় ।          :
(a) This is the country in Africa.
(b) The kids were playing in the street.
     -                                                  i                     হয় ।
        :
(a) He is in the drawing room.
(b) She got in her car and drove off.
     -                                      i                      হয় ।          : (a)
Nazrul was born in 1899 and died in 1976.
(b) She will meet you in spring.
     -
                                                    i                     হয় ।
        :
(a) She was lying in bed.
(b) Leave the key in the lock.
     -                                                       i                ত হয় ।
        :
(a) She came here in disguise.
(b) He was all in black.
     -                                                                    i
                 হয় ।        :
(a) We went out in the rain.
(b) He was sitting alone in the darkness.
     -
         i                  হয় ।          : (a) He took part in the function. (b)
She is in the army.
    -
             i                    হয় ।      : (a) Roll it up in a ball.
(b) They sat in rows.
Prepositions
                                                    পর আজ

         i         si i s                         করব ।
     -                                                    i                    হয় ।
        : (a) Say it in English
(b) She wrote in pencil.
     -                                                        i                হয় ।
        : (a) She was not lacking in courage.
(b) This is the country rich in minerals.

    -        -
    -                                                             i
                 হয় ।        : (a) Come into the house. (b) She dived into water.
     -                                                    i                     হয় ।
        : (a) Speak clearly into the microphone. (b) Driving into the sun, we
had to shade our eyes.
     -                                                                 i
               হয় ।                c i           ki       i     i .H i ’
get married until he was well into his forties.
     -                                               i                        হয় ।
        : (a) Water turns into ice.
(b) The fruit can be made into jam.
    -         -
    -
                                              f                  হয় ।            :
(a) The man came from abroad. (b) Has the train from Kamalapur arrived?
     -
         f                 হয় ।          : (a) This is the letter from my elder
brother. (b) I see, you have got the information from witnesses.
     -                                                                      f
                হয় ।         : (a) He was blind from birth. (b) The quotations are
from Shakespeare.
    -
                              f                       হয় ।      : (a) Steel is
made from iron.
(b) This is made from cement.
     -
             f                হয় ।                :
You can see the island from here.
From a financial point of view the project was a disaster.
    -                                                               f
              হয় ।          : The temperature varies from 30 degrees to minus
20. The store sells everything from shoelaces to computers.

    -
                                          f                   হয় ।           : (a)
The party was ousted from power after eighteen years. (b) She was separated
from her family.
    -                                                           f
              হয় ।        : (a) We prevented her from going there.
(b) She saved him from drowning.
     -                                                                f
              হ য়।        : (a) You can tell a lot about a person from his
handwriting? (b) You can recognise her from this situation.
     -
                              f                    হয় ।                   : (a) Is Portuguese
different from Spanish?
(b) This is different from that.
     -        -
     -                                                                     f
                হয় ।         : (a)There is a letter for you. (b) It is a book for your
children.
     -
f                  হয় ।           : (a)What can I do for you? (b) Can you translate
the letter for me
     -                                                                                 f
                হয় ।         : (a) They are anxious for their safety. (b)
Fortunately for us, the weather changed.
    -                                                                   for
              হয় ।          : (a) Are you for or against the proposal? (b) They
voted for independence of the nation.
    -                                                             f
হয় ।           ( ) L ’s f          k. ( )                     i       E     is f
pleasure?
Rule-6:                                               f                         হয় ।
       : (a) Dhaka is famous for thousands of mosques. (b) Once Dhaka was
famous for Muslin Cloth.
    -                                                              f
              হয় ।        : (a) He came to me for advice. (b) For more
information, call this number.
Prepositions



         i         si i s                        করব ।
     -                                                    f                         হয় ।
         : (a) Copies are available for two dollars each. (b) I will swap these two
bottles for that one.
       -
                    f                    হয় ।             : (a) Is this the bus for North
Bengal?(b) She knew that she was destined for a great future.
    -                                          f                                        হয় ।
              ( )              i         f      f         s. ( ) T       ’s             s       is f
you.
       -
                                                               f                        হয় ।           :
(a) You have to face an appointment for May 12. (b) We have been invited for
7.30 pm.
     -    f-
     -                                           f             হয় ।          :
(a) The love of a mother is never exhausted. (b) The role of a teacher is very
important.
     -
            অব                               f               হয় ।           : (a)
She is a woman of Italian descent.
(b) We are the people of North Bengal.
    -
                                 f                                 হয় ।             : (a) That was
the city of Egypt. (b) They are talking about the issue of housing.
     -
              f               হয় ।         : She bought kgs of potato. He is a
boy of 12.
    -                                         c iv -              si i               f
                        হয় ।           : (a) We are proud of our independence. (b) Are you
sure of your success?

Rules of Transformation of sentences

Transformation of Sentence
                                                                         T    sf    i       f    c ’
 ss        iv s         c -        i     iv          c               s        c -

                                                    cis
                                                                                     ।
Assertive to Interrogative
                                                        ss    iv s   c -           i        iv
s     c -                                         (i)           ’-      ss         iv s     c -
         ’-         i       iv s       c -                           i               iv s      c
                   ।
Example : As. : Smoking is a bad habit
    . s ’ s ki               i?
As. : He ia an honest man.
    . s ’        honest man?
(ii)                       ’-           ss iv s     c -                       ’-
i         iv s       c -                        i       iv s              c
হয় ।                         iv      -            ffi   iv            -
       হয় ।
Example : Assertive: He is not a great fool.
Interrogative : Is he a great fool?
Assertive: I was never late.
Interrogative : Was I ever late?
                                 v -             ss iv s      c -     i       iv
    ’      s ’ ( s i fi i                 ) i ( s i fi i          ) + subject    s v
                                                          ।
Example : Assertive: They play football.
          iv D ’                 f       ?
Assertive: Jerry liked skates.
Interrogative : Did not jerry like skates?
            v        i -             ss iv s       c -    i        iv
  v -                          v             i                 i          ।
Example. : Assertive: I never drink tea.
Interrogative : Do I ever drink tea?
Assertive: There was nothing to do.
Interrogative : was there anything to do?
Rule 4 : Everybody / v               -     i       iv
                                               ’      s ’   i ’                v -
   s f                         v -
                  । Example : Assertive: Everybody wishes to be happy.
Interrogative : Who do s ’ is                  ?
Assertive: All love flowers.
          iv W            s ’ v f         s?
Transformation of Sentence

                             T       sf       i    f         c ’                         করব ।
Rule 5 : Nobody / no             -        i        iv
                                                                           ।
Assertive : Nobody trusts a liar.
Interrogative: Who trusts a liar?
Assertive : None can do this.
Interrogative : Who can do this?
Rule 6 : Assertive sentence-এ (ev                 )s       c
                      i         iv s      c -    v -                           is
               হয় ।
Example : Assertive: All men hate a liar.
           iv    s                        s ’            i ? ss       iv       Ev                 s   i .
Interrogative : Is there any who will not die?
                   c          ’                     ss    iv s         c -          i            iv
s      c -                                                   -                               s        c -
                                                 হয় ।             s        c -                   iv
       Affirma iv            iv          ffi      iv                  iv -i             iv
s      c -                          হয় ।
Example : Assertive : There is no use of it.
Interrogative: What is the use of it?
Assertive: There is no hope for me.
Interrogative: What is the hope for me?

Exercise for practice
1. Mitu writes a letter.
2. Their glory can never fade.
3. None can accept the proposal.
4. Every mother loves her child.
5. Friendship is nothing but a name.
6. Nobody can escape death.
7. The earth moves round the sun.
8. There is nobody happier than Kamal.
9. He has nothing to do.
10. I did not go home yesterday.
Assertive to Exclamatory
                c -                                      (    -
            -                   c iv    v          ) s      c v                f
   c      i         ।
Example : Assertive : You are a great fool.
Exclamatory: What a fool you are!
Assertive : The boy is very strong.
Exclamatory : How strong the boy is!
            ss iv s       c -     is             c                                if
       ।
Example : Assertive : I wish I had the wings of a bird. Exclamatory : If I had the wings of
a bird!
Assertive : I wish I could do it.
Exclamatory: If I could do it!
          ss iv s         c -                                   ic      is                 f
  i     s      is                                                                              c
s     c -                                                v                   হয় ।
          ss iv s         c -                       is          fs             i f s
                                                                                           s              c -
                     s                হয় । Conjunction
                                                                                           ।
Example
Assertive : We rejoice that we have won the match.
Exclamatory : Hurrah! we have won the match.
Assertive : I regret that the man is dead.
Exclamatory : Alas! the man is dead.
Exercise for practice
1. It was a very charming sight. 2. He leads a most unhappy life. 3. It is a good plan. 4. I
wish I could meet the president once. 5. The news was very shocking to her.

Phrase & Idioms for HSC Exam

Phrase & Idioms
                                                                                       s            i i      s
                        করব ।                                                      s               i i      s
                        ।                                       s       i i    s
             s      c                           ।
                        ।
                  ।                                                         ৫।
Set-8: Make meaningful sentences with the following idioms (any five).
(a) Well off (b) Put up with (c) In order to (d) Ups and downs (e) So that
(f) By hook or by crook
    s      )W        ff (           ): He is well off now a days.
  )          i (                  ): No flesh and blood can put up with such an insult.
c)             (          ): He went there in order to buy a book.
  ) s              s(               -পতন ): Our lives have ups and downs.
 )         (          ): He is reading attentively so that he can get GPA-5.
f)        k         c k(                                 ): I will go there by hook or by crook.
Set-9: Make meaningful sentences with the following idioms (any five).
( )        si      f( )       ck           (c) H          f s ( ) T i ’s s          (e) Beat about
      s (f) T             s i      ’s     s( )W       ff
    s      )         si       f(             ): His mouth is often watered at the sight of
sweets.
  )   ck             (                       ): They beat the thief black and blue.
c) H          f s (                   ): There is a very hard and fast rule in this college.
  ) T i ’s s           (                 ) H               i ’s s       f        fi .
  )                     s (                                ): You should answer the questions to the
point, you should not beat about the bush.
f) Throw dust i          ’s      s(                          ) D ’                    s i         s.
  )W       ff (            ): He was born in a well of family.
Set-10: Make meaningful sentences with the following idioms (any five).
(a) In the guise of (b) Hard times (c) A black sheep (d) For the purpose of (e) Storm in a
tea cup (f) From time immemorial (g) End in smoke
    s       )            is f (                       ): He went there in the guise of a mad man.
  )H      i s(                    ): Now we are passing very hard times.
c)       ck s        (                      ): He is a black sheep in our society.
  )                 s f(                          ): I went to the market for the purpose of buying
a book.
  )       i          c (                  ): Some politicians raise a storm in a tea cup in a stall.
f)        i i                i (                                      ): The stars are lighting from
time immemorial.
  )E i s k (                                   ): All her hopes ended in smoke.
    v i           s                s    v -                                               v i
      s         ।           : a. The thief was warned again and again. b. He came at the
eleventh hour.

Example of some adverbial phrase: all in a sudden, in no time, in full swing, at any cost,
few and far between, now and then, to and fro, here and there, in an easy way, at a great
speed etc.
      si i         s            s          si i -
      si i         s        ।         : a. He went to Dhaka in quest of money. b. Meena
acted on behalf of school girl student.
Example of some prepositional phrase: at home in, by means of, in view of, in regard to,
on account of, with a view to, from hand to mouth, by dint of, on the eve of, from heaven
to earth beyond limits, before the fire etc.
           s           s v      -                                     v        s       ।
         :
a. The patient will come round very soon.
b. We ought to obey our parents.
Example of some Prepositional Phrase: Ought to obey, reported to, going to, cut to the
quick, Call to mind etc.
C       ci           s            s c         ci -
c      ci           s        ।         : a. Please come back as soon as you can.
b. Do the sum as quickly as you can.
Example of some conjunctional phrase: as much as, as well as, as far as, as long as, as
good as etc.
       ci          s            s i         ci -
i      ci        s        ।         :
  .W         i ! .     G ’s sake!
Simple idioms and phrases: For practice
     C(                             ): Mr. Nabil does not know the ABC of politics.
            f s s(                              ): Life is not a bed of roses.
          f                      (                                         ): His dismissal came as a bolt from
the blue.
A rai              (                           ): We should save money for a rainy day.
   cc i               (                   ): I like to do the work according to your suggestion.
   f         (                                                                               ): After all he is
gentle man.
       v        (                       ): Above all he was a dedic                   i ici ..     i
(                               ): The Headmaster is all in all of the school.
           s         (                  ): It is all the same whether you go or not.
               (                                             ): I was present all along at the time of race
competition.
imple idioms and phrases: For practice
C s                 s(                         ): It was raining cats and dogs .
C ck                    s       (                                    ): None will believe your cock and bull
story.
C i                 (                                    ): Education is the crying need of Bangladesh.
C c i                  s(                             ): He shed crocodile tears at our misery.
C              i       (                                   ) T i c fi           i (               ) talk has come
to light at last.
C        s        fi          (                             ): He has a cut a sorry figure in the examination.
C                   ick (                                  ): I was cut to the quick by his words.
D            i s (                               ): I was dead against his proposal.
D          f i         (                             ): The robbers broke enter the house at the dead of
night.
Di i               ss (                                                                  ): Mr. Ali died in
harness.
Fall ff (                         ): During winter, leaves fall off from the trees in our country.
       f (                                            ): My advice fell flat on him.
  i      s (                             ): Why do you fight shy of your teacher?
  is           f             (                                         ): After arrest he appeared to be a fish out
of water.
Fishing in a troubled water : He made a lot of money by fishing in troubled water.
               i (                        ): His fame as a scholar spread far and wide.
     s                     (                                       ): Flesh and blood cannot bear with such
insults.
              (                                     ): He left the country for good.
                                  (
         ): The poor man lives from hard to mouth.
                    (                    i i                      .(                                            ):
The statement is true from A to Z.
G             (                            ): The 16th December is a gala day to the Bangladeshi.
G i f(                                            ): Try to get rid of that rogue.
Gif f                    (                      ): An advocate should have the gift of the gab.
H           f s (                            ): There is no such hard and fast rule in this matter.
imple idioms and phrases: For practice
   .H                  c ck (                                 ): The problem of adult education is really a
hard nut to crack.
   .H                    s(                                   ): He is over head and ears in debt.
73. H               s       (                                  ): Try heart and soul and you will succeed.
   .H       W          (                         ): This Policy will not hold water in this situation.
   .H                (                                    ): This rule will not hold good here.
   .H            c (                       ): The villagers raised a hue and cry to see the thief.
   .H s                  (            ): He offered a hush money to suppress the murder.
   .H s                        (                                       ) M         T s ’s             s
become household word.
   .      fi (                                     ): He is in a fix and does not know what to do.
   . fi (                            ): In fine he declared his plan.
   . f s i (                                   ): The school is now going on in full swing.
   .    i (                 সময় ): He reached the station in time.
   .                 (                           ): He came here in order to meet my brother.
   .    i       f(                          ): Give me this pen in lieu of that.
   .        ck               i (                            ): Put down the statement in black and white.
   . c                    ( i               v c i                                  ): They committed this murder
in cold blood.
87. In n i (                               ): He will finish the work in no time.
   .           ick f i (                    সময় ): The school team arrived in the nick of time.
   . s               s(                                              ): I know the ins and outs of the matter.
   . v            (              ): This custom is not in vogue now.
91. In force (বলবৎ ): This law is in force now.
   .            s        (v          i f                                     ): Tell the story in a nut shell.
   .                (                        ) D ’                       ki            .
Simple idioms and phrases: For practice
94. In the mean time (                                 ): Lila will come here to night in the mean time you
should get her room ready.
   .         s         s(                                                                       ): She is yet in her
teens .
   .                        (                                          ): Sinners suffer in the long run.
   . v i (                    ): All his attempts were in vain.
   .           ff (                                             ): He could not succeed by irony of fate.
   . Li s s            (                     ): He took the lions share of the profit.
     .L            c s (                  ওজর ): This lame excuse will not do.
     . i            ki (                                ): He has no good relation with his kith and kin.
     .M i         s c (                                            ): His maiden speech fell flat on the
audience.
     .M        f           s(                           ): Dr. Yunus is a man of letters.
     .M        fs           (                             ): He is purely a man of straw.
     .M k                     s         (      -                            ): I cannot make both ends meet with
my small income.
     .M           i (                                           ): Dowry system is still a moot point in West
Bengal.
    . i i                (                                          ): All his hopes were nipped in the
bud.
    .           v i (                 ): The deed has been null and void now.
    .                   (                       ): He comes here now and then.
    . fc s (                       ): Of course it is correct.
    .         c            (                             ): I do not hate him on the contrary I love
him.
    .                (                 ): His fame is on the wane now.
    .                  (              ওপর ): On the whole his conduct is good.
Simple idioms and phrases: For practice
    .         s       f                  (                                           ): He did it on the
spur of the moment.
    .       f      (                      ): This fashion is now out of date.
    .       f               (                       ): He is not yet out of the wood.
    .       f      s(               ): It is rather cold out doors.
    .       fs s(                                ): He is out of sorts now.
119.        f        (           ): This machine is out of order now.
    .       f           (                  ): He is out of temper now.
    .              c (                                       ): Talpatti is part and parcel of
Bangladesh.
    .    s      c s(                            ): You should consider the pros and cons of the
system.
    .     k      fi (                           ): We should pay attention to the rank and file of
the country.
    .                   (                           ): The 16th December is a red letter day in the
history of Bangladesh.
    .           (                                            আ                               ): Red tapism
causes delay in official work.
    .                          i s(                               ): Try to read between the lines of the
letter.
    .             c ck (                          ): The bank is functioning round the clock .
    .    f (                          ): The prisoners were set free.
    .       c c (                                           ) D ’        s v s c s             c c ik
him .
    . i f                (                                                                ): This mistake
was made due to slip of the pen.
    .                (                             ): He is too poor to have a square meal every day.
    . i f                     (                                    ) T is is s i f                 ;    ’
lay much stress on it.
    .       c s f(                                ): You must steer clear of evil company.
    .       s         (                      ): Our school is at a stones throw from our house.
    .T k              (                               ): He took his remark to heart.
Exercise for Practice
1
a good deal of in a nutshell run out
a few fresh blood run into
a. Only — boys could answer to the questions.
b. Tell the history —.
c. We need some — in our office.
d. Suddenly our car — of gas yesterday.
e. Meena is very — her friends.
2
heart and soul by way of weal and woe
by dint of bear with ups and down
a. Every life has —.
b. He tried — to win the race.
c. He succeeds — hard labour.
d. He told this — of example.
e. I cannot — a statement like this.
3
slip of the pen take to heart round the clock
slip of the tongue out of date nip in the bud
a. He — his remark —.
b. This mistake was made due to —.
c. All his hopes were —.
d. This fashion is now —.
e. The bank is functioning —.
4
in the long run for good ins and outs
flesh and blood in vain far and wide
a. All his attempts were —.
b. I know the — of the matter.
c. His fame as a scholar spread — .
d. He left the country —.
e. Sinners suffer —.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:18
posted:9/29/2012
language:simple
pages:35