The Niger River Basin
Niger River Basin Countries
Colonial (and post-colonial) influence
French, British and Portuguese
Persistent divisions / alliances
Frequent political instability
Equiv. Population Per capita External
Country Size ≈ (millions) GDP GDP Debt
Guinea OR 9 $2,000 $15.9B $3.4B
Côte D’Ivoire NM 17 $1,500 $24.5B $10.3B
Mali 2 x TX 12 $860 $9.8B $3.3B
Burkina Faso CO 13 $1,080 $13.6B $1.3B
Algeria 3.5 x TX 33 $5,300 $167B $21.6B
Benin PA 7 $1,070 $7.3B $1.6B
Niger 2 x TX 11 $830 $8.8B $1.6B
Chad 3 x CA 9 $1,100 $10B $1.1B
Cameroon CA 16 $1,700 $27B $8.6B
Nigeria 2 x CA 134 $835 $113.5B $29.7B
Texas Ukraine 21 $35,597 $818B ---
Increasing population and development
Potential environmental impacts?
Pollution - agricultural and industrial
Organizations & Initiatives
Niger Basin Authority
African Development Bank
Bilateral development grants
Should the Niger Basin Authority focus on funding and
executing development projects or developing a basin-wide
plan for development and management?
How much autonomy and authority should the Nile Basin
How can the Niger Basin Authority be most effective? How
can the international community help?
How much should developed countries be able to dictate
the terms of development to developing countries? Should
historical issues like colonial injustices and the trans-
Atlantic slave trade be taken into account?
Are there any lessons – either positive or negative – that
other basins can learn from the Niger Basin?