Slide 1 by kGA19c

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 Louisiana Creoles
Free People of Color
  Foreign French
    Immigrants
American Pioneers
     Acadians
 Native Americans
      Slaves
       French and Spanish descendants

At the change of colony to statehood the Creoles
       held their traditions and heritage close
             -continued to speak French

Most came after the revolution in Haiti looking for
  people “like them”-they found that in Louisiana

By 1810 the population of Creoles doubled in New
     Orleans-creating a distinct Creole culture
          Gens de colour libre -free people of color
Many were well educated and considered middle class
Established a great society in New Orleans
Citizens (this was not the case in the rest of America)
        -had their own established newspaper and a literary
        magazine
        -Many were artisans and store owners
Rights of these people fell in between whites and slaves
        -they were allowed the “innocent unless proven guilty”
        -a trial and the writ of habeas corpus-court document
        that ensures a person cannot be held unlawfully
        -they were not allowed to serve on a jury-this meant
        that all juries were…..white
        -they were subject to specific laws – could not insult
        whites
     *their discrimination-actions that deny people their rights
     because of prejudice-will only grow as the Civil War
     approaches
Due to political unrest in France, like the French Revolution and
  Napoleon’s rule, many were driven to leave their country and settle
  in the most French place in the United States- Louisiana

The loyalists that remained in favor of the king and those against
   Napoleon fled the country

The state’s native French called these newcomers “Foreign French”

These people wanted to take charge and get into Louisiana politics, but
 that offended the native Louisianians-they will become great
influencers of Louisiana politics throughout the Antebellum Period and
into the Civil War
There were many causes for immigrants to come into Louisiana
       -Famine-prolonged/extreme shortages of food- in Ireland they
       experienced a famine due to the lack of their staple food, potatoes
               -The Irish would be the largest group of
                immigrants to come into Louisiana
                        *Traveling by cargo ship from Liverpool, UK to New
                         Orleans, it is recorded that close to half died on
                         their journey to New Orleans
                        *The Irish that survived took jobs in New Orleans
                         that no one else wanted-jobs slave holders would
                         not even allow their slaves to do
                                  ~Cleared land, dug ditches, dug canals-
                                   many died doing this filthy work –manual
                                   labor
                     Germans
-Fled after a failed revolution in 1848
    -Most were Catholic and their casual behavior
    on the Sabbath insulted the Protestant
    Americans now residing in Louisiana
        *Rather than continuing church talk at
        home on Sundays-Germans tended to
        come together and drink
 -By 1850 ½ of the people in New Orleans were
 from some other country
Most settled in Northern Louisiana or the
 Northern Florida Parishes

Came from other southern states

Were of English, Scottish and Irish roots
  (remember ANGLO NORTH)


Lived the frontier life or began
  farms/plantations like those in Virginia
  and the Carolinas
Kept to themselves during the Antebellum
 Period and were not effected by this
 change in Louisiana culture

They kept their very simple bayou living-
  spoke French, fished, kept their
  traditions

Prairie Acadians owned cattle ranches
  called vacheries
Most had disappeared by 1850

1835 the Caddo sold their land
  and moved to Indian Territory
  (Oklahoma)

Those that stayed were very few
  and kept to themselves much
  like the Acadians along the
  small bayous
Created a lifestyle for themselves within the slave community
   -Their life off of the fields centered around the slave quarters which
   became like a small city within the plantation
        *a slaves home was a 2 room wooden structure (they were
       usually in two rows across from each other)
                   ~they gathered around these cabins to enjoy games,
                   food and conversation
        *slave’s free time was limited to Sundays and at times Saturday
        afternoons
        *Music and dancing was allowed at the end of the work week
        *Dancing and singing allowed them to blend their African
             cultural traditions and their present experiences
                   ~Musical instruments were homemade and included:
                    banjo, fiddle, and drums
                   ~Drums scared the owners because they felt they
                   would sound them to signal a slave riot
All food was rationed

Included: salt pork (pork jerky), corn or cornmeal and
  molasses-all of these foods are “fuel foods” used to
  fuel the body with energy, not nutrition

Some plantation owners allowed slaves to cultivate
  their own gardens where they would have turnips,
  sweet potatoes, cabbage, okra and black eyed peas

Seldom owners allowed them to raise pigs and
  chickens
Section 2 Terminology
-faction
-compromise
-Jaques Villere
-“sham Castle”
-Henry Clay
-tariffs
-“know nothings”
-depression
Questions:
1. What were the 2 major political factions that existed in Louisiana during the
antebellum period?
2. Why was the Louisiana constitution rewritten in 1845
3. Why was there an underlying conflict between the Americans and the Creoles?
4. What city was going to be the Louisiana State Capital? Why was it decided it
was not fit to be the capital?
5. When was Baton Rouge decided to become the state capital?
6. Why did the Whig party disagree with the politics of Jackson?
7. Explain the pros and cons/good things and bad things of the 1845 state
constitution

								
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