exploration and colonization study guide key

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					                       Exploration and Colonization
                         Chapter 3 Study Guide

Section 1:

Columbian Exchange – Importance inspired other European Country to
explore the new world and search for faster routes to Asia, Definition the
exchange of food, animals, diseases, ideas and cultures between the
eastern and western hemispheres, How it started It started with
Columbus’ voyages to the New World and continued as more explorers
and cultures came to the New World What did the voyages of Columbus
encourage? Encouraged the exploration, mapping, and conquering of the
new lands in the Americas by many European Nations

Section 3:

Protestant Reformation – Definition the movement led by the followers of
Martin Luther to break away from the Catholic Church, Result led to those
followers of Luther and others who broke away from the Catholic Church
to be persecuted for their religious beliefs and for them to seek out places
where they could practice their religion the way they wanted
Missionary – Definition a person who came to the new world to spread
their religious beliefs among the Native Americans
Northwest Passage – Definition an all water route that was believed to
exist naturally across the North American continent, it does not exist,
Lasting Effects of search as the more and more territory was mapped and
it began to become clear that the Northwest Passage did not exist colonist
became more and more dependent on the resources available to them in
the Americas
French Settlements – LaSalle Explored the Mississippi River for France
and claimed the drainage area of the Mississippi River for France and
Named it Louisiana, Indian Policy they sent missionaries to the Native
Americans but for the most part they did not try to force them into the
French lifestyle, Economy fur trappers and traders
What was the outcome of the explorations of the 1400s, 1500s and 1600s?
The Americas were explored and mapped

Section 4:

Virginia House of Burgesses – Definition a legislative body in the colony of
Virginia where the people were given the opportunity to elect some of
their representatives, Significance first representative government in the
Colony of Jamestown – Year settled 1607, Challenges Faced
contaminated water, mosquitoes, swampy land, strained relations with
the Native Americans, starving time, lack of food, Economy tobacco, How
they survived John Smith made the rule if you don’t work you don’t eat and
John Rolfe introduced tobacco to the colony, significance first permanent
English settlement in the Colonies
Magna Carta – Definition government document that limited the power of
the English King, Importance 1st document to limit the power of the King
and gave colonist the example of having some say in your government

Section 5:

Mayflower Compact – Definition Document written and signed by the men
on board the Mayflower to serve as a form of government for the Plymouth
colony they agreed to work for the good of the colony, Purpose
government for the Plymouth Colony
Colony of Plymouth – Challenges Faced lack of food, lack of adequate
shelter, arrived to late to plant crops, starving time, disease, Economy
some farming but mostly timber and fishing, How they survived
Wampanoag Indians, particularly Squanto, helped them learn how to
survive by planting crops and fishing, Why they came they were seeking
religious freedom
How were the people in Europe treated that did not follow the established
religion? They were persecuted.

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