unit 2 study guide WITH ANSWERS

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unit 2 study guide WITH ANSWERS Powered By Docstoc
					      STUDENT STUDY GUIDE                                   NAME________________________

I.     The Study of History and Prehistory.
          a. There is a distinct difference between historians and archaeologists.
          b. Historians – Study events from the past
          c. Archaeologists – Study artifacts from ancient cultures to better understand their culture
          d. Artifacts are man-made and from the past. Some examples of artifacts that are
              commonly found in North America are pottery shards and __arrow
          e. Primary Sources are first hand accounts and are always considered to be more
              ____accurate_____ than secondary sources.

II.    Prehistoric Native Americans
          a. Prehistory in North American can be divided into four distinct periods
                     i. Palio
                    ii. Archaic
                   iii. Woodland
                   iv. Mississippian
          b. The term Paleo means______ very old/ancient_____ and this time period extends from
              _____10,000_____ BC to _____8,000_______BC. These people hunted
              ____large_______ animals including giant sloths, mastodons, and mammoths. These
              animals were very rare, so people moved around a lot. This means that the paleo
              people were ____nomads______. They used large spears with a ____clovis__________
              point. Living conditions were tough and life expectancy was __30-40 years__.
          c. The Archaic period lasted from ____8,000_______ BC to _______1,000_______ BC.
              These people used the ___Atlatl___ to hunt smaller game and supplemented their diet
              by gathering ____fruits_____ and ____vegetables____. They also preserved food with
              the use of ____clay pottery_____.
          d. The Woodland Period lasted from _____1,000____________________ BC to
              ___1,000_________________ AD. The most important discovery during this time
              period was _______agriculture___________________ because it enabled people to live
              in sturdy houses. They also used the _________bow and arrow__________________ to
              hunt for food. _____effiges______________________ were used as religious symbols
              and often depicted pictures of birds and other animals.
              __ceremonial/burial___________________ mounds also became common.
          e. The Mississippian Period lasted from ______1,000__________________AD to
              _____1,600__________________AD. These people had advanced
              _____religious________________ ceremonies and lived in social or political groups
           called __chiefdoms______________________. They usually lived near
           _____rivers_________________, which were used as a water source.

III. The Age of Exploration
        a. Explorers wished to find a ______westward sea_________________ route to Asia. This
            was caused because the route to Asia was dangerous.
        b. Portugal
                  i. Decided to sail around the Southern tip of _____Africa____________________.
                 ii. The first to make it all the way around Africa and make it to Asia was
                     ____Bartholomew Diaz____________________.
        c. Spain
                  i. They hired ____Christopher Columbus_______________________ to find a
                     route to Asia by sailing to the _____west____________________. He
                     discovered ___the new world____________ instead. Spain and Portugal signed
                     a treaty to _____divide______________________ the world in two halves.
                 ii. Juan Ponce de Leon was the first to explore _____mainland United
                     States__________ and he called the entire Southeastern United States ___La
                     Florida____, or Isles of Flowers. This paved the way for
                     ____Menendez__________________________ to build ____St.
                     Augustine_____________, which is the oldest city in the United States. Later,
                     __Hernando de Soto__________ went through Florida and was the first to walk
                     through _____Georgia____________ looking for gold. He killed several
                     ___thousand indians______________.
                iii. Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon tried to build a settlement on the coast of
                     __Georgia___________ but it failed.
        d. France
                  i. Robert de la Salle was the first to explore the
                     ____Mississippi______________________ River. He claimed that land for
                     France and called it the ______Louisiana Territory____________.
        e. England
                  i. The exploration of ____John Cabot___________________ paved the way for
                     the creation of the 13 colonies. The first attempt at an English colony was
                     __Roanoke _________________________ but it disappeared. Later,
                     _Jamestown_____________ was built. It eventually became the state of
                     _________Virginia____________. The 13th English colony was
                     ______Georgia_______________. The colony of Massachusetts was created by
                     the ____Pilgrims_____________. They were called this because they were
                     getting away from religious persecution and were on a religious journey.

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