"romantic poets - PowerPoint"
The Romantic Period 1798-1832 Turbulent Times, Bitter Realities • 1789: French Revolution – Storming of Bastille July 14, 1789 • Overthrow of anointed king • Triumph of radical principals • Democratic idealists (like Wordsworth) exhilarated by events – Became disillusioned—1792 “September massacre” – Guillotine used indiscriminately (eponym) – Napoleon • 1832: Parliamentary Reforms of 1832 After Napoleon’s Defeat • Industrial Revolution – Factories – Increase in urban populations – Communal land (held by small farmers) becomes private (vast private parks/privately held farms) – Lots of landless people Laissez Faire • Let People Do as they Please – Economic forces allowed to operate freely without government interference. – Rich grew richer, poor suffered even more • Children suffered the most • Child Labor Laws London, 1802 Milton! thou shouldst be living at this hour; England hath need of thee: she is a fen Of stagnant waters: altar, sword, and pen, Fireside, the heroic wealth of hall and bower, Have forfeited their ancient English dower Of inward happiness. We are selfish men; Oh! raise us up, return to us again; And give us manners, virtue, freedom, power. Thy soul was like a Star, and dwelt apart; Thou hadst a voice whose sound was like the sea: Pure as the naked heavens, majestic, free, So didst thou travel on life's common way, In cheerful godliness; and yet thy heart The lowliest duties on herself did lay. --William Wordsworth Rebellion of the Romantic Poets • Dedicated to bringing about Change • Believed in the force of literature • Turned from the formal, public verse of 18th century to Augustans to more private, spontaneous, lyric poetry. – Imagination, rather than mere reason, the best response to the forces of change. What Does Romantic Mean? • A child’s Sense of Wonder • Adaptation to change (youth/innocence) – Acceptance rather than – Human nature being born rigid rejection again • New Kind of Poetry • Social Idealism Lyrical Ballads – Question tradition and Mind Poets: sought deeper authority understanding of the bond – Imagine better ways to live between human beings and the world of the senses (creative power that makes things happen: imagination—superior to human reason) • Coleridge says the • Shelley called poets poet, “brings the “the unacknowledged whole soul of man legislators of the into activity” by world.” employing “that • Keats wrote that a synthetic and magical poet is a “physician” power…the to all humanity and imagination.” “pours out a balm upon the world.” Wordsworth wrote in The Prelude “…what we have loved, Others will love, and we will teach them how; Instruct them how the mind of man becomes A thousand times more beautiful than the earth On which he dwells, above this frame of things (Which, ‘mid all revolution in the hopes And fears of men, doth still remain unchanged) In beauty exalted, as it is itself Of quality and fabric more divine.” The poet, in sum, is someone human beings and society cannot do without. Major Romantic Poets • Early – William Blake • Songs of Innocence • Songs of Experience – William Wordsworth • World is Too Much With Us – Samuel Taylor Coleridge • Rime of the Ancient Mariner Other Major Romantic Poets • 2nd Generation – Percy Bysshe Shelley – John Keats – George Gordon, Lord Byron