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									Perspective of Australia from Education at a Glance 2011


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Tables:
Table 1. Data for Australia in Education at a Glance 2011
Table 2. Trends for Australia from Education at a Glance 2011
Table 3. EAG 2011: Data comparisons between Australia and Austria
Table 4. Chapter A Output of educational institutions, selected values (all countries)
Table 5. Chapter A Trends in output of educational institutions, selected values (all countries)                                Note: This is version in progress, to receive the lastest version or if
Table 6. Chapter B Investment in education, selected values (all countries)                                                     you have any doubts please contact us.
Table 7. Chapter B Trends of investment in education, selected trend values (all countries)                                     Contact: pedro.garciadeleon@oecd.org
Table 8. Chapter C Participation and acces to education, selected values (all countries)
Table 9. Chapter D Conditions of learning and teaching, selected values (all countries)

Charts for Australia:
Evolution of attainment rates between 1997 and 2009
Evolution of attainment rates between 1997 and 2009
Evolution of attainment between age groups
Evolution of entry rates
Evolution of graduation rates in tertairy education
Evolution of unemployment by educational level
Annual average growth rate of expenditure per student
Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP
Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of public expenditure in Australia
Change in proportion of public and private expenditure between 2000 and 2008
Share of public expenditure on tertiary institutions
Share of public expenditure on educational institutions for all levels of education

Charts for Australia and Austria:
Educational attainment level in Australia compared to Austria
Graduation and entry rates in Australia compared to Austria
Relative earnings of employed population in Australia compared to Austria
Private net present value of education in Australia compared to Austria
Annual expenditure per student in Australia compared to Austria
Class size and students per teacher in Australia compared to Austria

Printable files:

Indicator tables for Australia                Full report for Australia (tables and charts)

Comparative report for Australia and Austria (tables and charts)




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Every year Education at a Glance takes stock of where countries stand with their education systems and the progress
they have made towards raising performance, improving equity and enhancing value for money.


Have a closer look:
Go to EAG 2011 website
Highest- and lowest-ranking features of Australia in EAG 2011
Among the top or bottom 5

Important note: The following list displays highest and lowest values of variables in EAG following the thematic order displayed in Table 1. These values
should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and tradeoffs and in most of cases there is no simple most- or least-
efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against to implemented measures, such as loans and grants,
designed to avoid inequities; longer learning time is an opportunity to transmit more and better content to pupils, but may hinder investment in other
important fields. If you want further information on the context of these variables, please take the time to read the analysis and policy context, available at
our website:

http:www.oecd.org\edu\eag2011


Key points:

                                                                    Participation in education

#NAME?
         Economic benefits and social outcomes of education

#NAME?




                        Financing education

#NAME?
         Teaching and learning conditions
#NAME?




                 PISA indicators
#NAME?
Table 1. Data for Australia in Education at a Glance 2011
Values for 2009 unless otherwise specified                                                                                                                                      Above the OECD average                    In first 5
                                                                                                                                                                                Below the OECD average                    In last 5
                                                                                                                                                                   * Countries are ranked in decreasing order
                                                                                                                                                                    Rank/Nb
                Table reference                                                                Indicator name                                          Value                       Min       OECD average        Max        Note
                                                                                                                                                                    countries



                                                                                     Participation in education
                                               Percentage of the population enrolled in early childhood education
              Table C1.1a - Col 1              At ages 3 to 4                                                                                           31.8          32/37        8.92           70.07         101.43
                                               Attainment upper secondary level (%)
               Table A1.2a - Col 1             25-64 year-olds                                                                                          71.0          24/35        29.9           73.3           91.4
               Table A1.2a - Col 2             25-34 year-olds                                                                                          82.9          24/35        41.6           81.5           97.5
               Table A1.2a - Col 5             55-64 year-olds                                                                                          58.0          22/35        14.1           61.3           88.9
                                               Attainment tertiary level (%)
              Table A1.3a - Col 11             25-64 year olds                                                                                          36.9           9/41         4.3           30.0           54.0
              Table A1.3a - Col 12             25-34 year olds                                                                                          44.8           9/37         6.1           37.1           63.1
              Table A1.3a - Col 15             55-64 year olds                                                                                          29.3           7/37         3.1           22.4           45.0
                                                Net entry rate (%)
               Table C2.1 - Col 6              Tertiary-type A                                                                                           94            1/34         17             59             94
          Table C2.2 - Col 11/Col2*100         Change in net entry rate in tertiary-type A education between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100)                   159            7/25         82             125            239
              Table C2.1 - Col 12              Age at 50th percentile                                                                                    21           10/32         19             20             24
              Table C2.1 - Col 1               Tertiary-type B                                                                                           m                           1             19             57
         Table C2.2 - Col 22/Col13*100         Change in net entry rate in tertiary-type B education between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100)                    m                          33             121            952
                                               Net graduation rates (%) - First time
               Table A2.1 - Col 1              Upper secondary                                                                                           m                         44.8           82.2           96.4          3

               Table A2.2 - Col 12             Average annual growth rate between 1995 and 2009                                                          m                        -0.7%            m             4.4%
            Table A2.4 - 100 - Col 1           Students who do not complete upper secondary degrees within the theoretical duration                      m                         13.2           32.0           59.5
            Table A2.1 - Col1-Col 2            Older than 25                                                                                             m                          0.7            9.0           33.9          3
                                               Graduation rates (%)
               Table A3.1.- Col 1              Tertiary-type A                                                                                          48.5           5/27        19.4           38.6           61.4          1
          Table A3.2.- Col 11/Col2*100         Change in graduation rates in tertiary-type A education between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100)                  m                          94             136            278          1
               Table A3.1.- Col 3              Tertiary-type A - Women                                                                                  57.1           6/27        19.2           46.5           81.1          1
               Table A3.1.- Col 7              Tertiary-type B                                                                                          15.8           7/24         0.1           10.4           28.6          1
         Table A3.2.- Col 22/Col13*100         Change in graduation rates in tertiary-type B education between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100)                  m                           7             104            193          1
               Table A3.3 - Col 11             Graduation rate in advanced research programmes (all students)                                            1.9           9/35         0.1            1.5            3.4          1
                                               Field of education chosen by most of the graduated students
                                                                                                                                                    Engineering,
                                                                                                                                                                                              Engineering,
                                                                                                                                                   manufacturing
                                                                                                                                                                                             manufacturing
          Table A4.1a.- max col (2-15)         Most boys in upper secondary vocational programmes choose:                                              and               -           -                             -           1
                                                                                                                                                                                            and construction
                                                                                                                                                   construction
                                                                                                                                                                                                 54%
                                                                                                                                                      59.7%

                                                                                                                                                     Health and                              Social sciences,
         Table A4.1a.- max col (17 - 30)       Most girls in upper secondary vocational programmes choose:                                            welfare            -           -      business and law       -           1
                                                                                                                                                      32.3%                                      29.8%

                                                                                                                                                       Social
                                                                                                                                                     sciences,                               Social sciences,
               Table A4.3b.- max               Tertiary                                                                                            business and          -           -      business and law       -           1
                                                                                                                                                        law                                      35.2%
                                                                                                                                                      42.2%
                                               Field of education chosen by most of foreign students enrolled
                Table A4.5.- max               Tertiary                                                                                                  m               -           -             m               -           -
                                               Foreign students as a percentage of all tertiary enrolment
               Table C3.1 - Col 6              Tertiary                                                                                                 24.4           2/32         0.0            8.7           26.5
                                               International students as a percentage of all tertiary enrolment
               Table C3.1 - Col 1              Tertiary                                                                                                21.5            1/24        0.25            6.4           21.47
               Table C3.1 - Col 5              Change in student mobility between 2005 and 2009 (2005=100)                                             129.0           7/16         73             132            329
                                               Expected years in education
          Table C4.1a - col. 3 3rd row         Between ages 15 and 29                                                                                    6.6          20/33        4.43           6.94           9.11
              Table C1.6a - Col 1              All ages except education for children below the age of 5                                                19.8           6/36        13.9           17.8           21.1


                                                                           Economic benefits and social outcomes of education
                                               Employment rate by educational attainment (%)
         Table A7.3a- Col 13, 2nd Row          Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary                                                          80.2          7/35         58.3           74.2           83.1
         Table A7.3a- Col 13, 3nd Row          Tertiary                                                                                                 84.3          17/35        73.6           83.6           90.2
                                               Changes in employment rates by educational attainment (2000=100)
      Table A7.3a - Cols 13/4*100, 1st Row     Below upper secondary                                                                                    109            2/29         82             97             110
      Table A7.3a - Cols 13/4*100, 2nd Row     Upper secondary                                                                                          105            3/30         90             98             107
      Table A7.3a - Cols 13/4*100, 3rd Row     Tertiary                                                                                                 102            5/30         93             99             104
                                               Unemployment rate by educational attainment (%)
         Table A7.4a- Col 13, 1st Row          Below upper secondary                                                                                     6.6          26/34         3.0           11.5           38.3
         Table A7.4a- Col 13, 2nd Row          Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary                                                           4.1          28/35         1.7           6.8            15.4
         Table A7.4a- Col 13, 3rd Row          Tertiary                                                                                                  3.3          29/35         1.4            4.4            9.2
                                               Relative earnings of employed population (upp. secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary=100, 25-64 year-olds)
           Table A8.1 Col 13, 1st Row          Men with tertiary education                                                                              143.9         21/32       125.8           158.7          275.2      2009
          Table A8.1 Col 13, 2nd Row           Women with tertiary education                                                                           148.1          22/32       122.8           155.5          262.8      2009
           Table A8.1 Col 13, 3rd Row          Men and women with tertiary education                                                                   135.4          26/32       117.8           153.5          256.4      2009
           Table A8.1 Col 1, 3rd Row           Men and women with below upper secondary education                                                       80.7          11/32        52.9            77.2          93.0       2009
                                               Private net present value of obtaining a level of education (equivalent USD using PPP's for GDP)
         Table A9.1- Col 10 upper Table        Man, upper secondary or post-sec. non-tertiary education                                                84 479          8/21       27 416         77 604         201 745      2005
         Table A9.1- Col 10 lower table        Woman, upper secondary or post-sec. non-tertiary education                                              43 586         15/21       6 283          63 035         157 623      2005
          Table A9.3- Col 9 upper table        Man, tertiary education                                                                                100 520         19/25       55 946        175 067         373 851      2005
          Table A9.3 - Col 9 lower table       Woman, tertiary education                                                                              111 078         11/25       35 256        110 007         210 968      2005
                                               Public net present value in (equivalent USD using PPP's for GDP)
          Table A9.4- Col 8 upper table        Man, obtaining tertiary education                                                                       84 532         14/25       21 724         91 036         193 584      2005
          Table A9.4- Col 8 lower table        Woman, obtaining tertiary education                                                                     52 490         12/25      -42 598         55 434         129 970
                                               Percentage of the youth population not in education, unemployed and not in the labour force
      Table C4.2a - Col 9+Col12 2nd Row        20-24 year-olds                                                                                          11.6          25/31         4.1           18.2           46.1
       Table C4.2a - Col 9+Col12 3rd Row       25-29 year-olds                                                                                          16.9          19/33         4.1           19.1           44.9
       Table C4.2a - Col 9+Col12 4th Row       15-29 year-olds                                                                                          12.3          21/33         4.1           15.2           39.6
                                               Participation in formal and non-formal education among 25-64 year-olds, by attainment (%)
            Table C5.3a - Col (1 + 2)          Below upper secondary                                                                                    23.9           9/19          3            22.3            58
            Table C5.3a - Col (7 + 8)          Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary                                                          43.1          13/26          9            42.2            78
           Table C5.3a - Col (13 + 14)         Tertiary                                                                                                 59.7          21/27         20            67.3           109
                                               Annual labour cost relative to OECD average (USD)
   Table A10.1- Col 1 3rd Row - OECD average   Below upper secondary attainment                                                                        11 365         11/29      -31 345            0           30 164      2009
   Table A10.1- Col 3 3rd Row - OECD average   Tertiary attainment                                                                                     10 877         13/29      -49 411            0           68 393      2009




                                                                                                                  Page 5 of 129
Values for 2009 unless otherwise specified                                                                                                                                                Above the OECD average                         In first 5
                                                                                                                                                                                          Below the OECD average                         In last 5
                                                                                                                                                                             * Countries are ranked in decreasing order
                                                                                                                                                                              Rank/Nb
                Table reference                                                                         Indicator name                                              Value                    Min       OECD average         Max            Note
                                                                                                                                                                              countries


                                                                                                  Financing education
                                                   Annual expenditure per student (equivalent USD using PPPs, 2008)
              Table B1.1a - Col 11                 From primary to tertiary                                                                                         9 056       18/34       1 593           8 831          14 977
               Table B1.1a - Col 2                 Primary                                                                                                          6 723       18/34         534           7 153          13 648
               Table B1.1a - Col 5                 Secondary                                                                                                        9 052       16/36         482           8 972          19 898
               Table B1.5 - Col 6                  Change in expenditure per student between 2000 and 2008, ISCED 1 to 4 (2000=100)                                  123        14/30         105            134            221
               Table B1.1a - Col 9                 Tertiary                                                                                                        15 043       13/34       4 411          13 717          29 910
               Table B1.5 - Col 12                 Change in expenditure per student between 2000 and 2008, tertiary (2000=100)                                      108        19/30         77             114            163
                                                   Cumulative expenditure on educational institutions per student for all services over whole duration (USD, 2008)
               Table B1.3a - Col 6                 Total tertiary (average duration)                                                                              m                         25 138         57 775          94 625
                                                   Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP (2008)
               Table B2.1 - Col 3                  All levels of education                                                                                           5.2        26/36           3.3                  5.9           7.9
                                                   Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure (2008)
               Table B4.1 - Col 3                  All levels of education                                                                                           12.9       17/33           9.4                 12.9      20.6
                                                   Percentage of total public expenditure used for loans, grants, scholarships and subsidies for private entities (2008)
               Table B5.3 - Col 7                  Tertiary level                                                                                                  31.5          5/33          1             21              56
                                                   Share of private expenditure on educational institutions (2008)
               Table B3.1 - Col 4                  All levels of education                                                                                           29.4        5/30           2.6                 16.5      41.4
               Table B3.2a - Col 9                 Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary                                                                18.3        4/32           0.1                  9.0      22.2
               Table B3.2b - Col 4                 Tertiary                                                                                                          55.2        6/31           3.1                 31.1      85.4
               Table B3.3 - Col 12                 Change in share of private expenditure between 2000 and 2008 (2000=100)                                           121        19/31         97             131            328
           Table B4.1 - Col3/Col4*100              Change in public expenditure on education relative to all public sectors (2000=100)                                94        25/30         82             102            166
                                                   Salary cost per student (USD) (2008)
               Table B7.3 - Col 1                  Upper secondary                                                                                                  3 909       13/29         539           3 449          10 847


                                                                                            Teaching and learning conditions
                                                   Intended instruction time for students (hours per year)
               Table D1.1 - Col 8                  7-8 year-olds                                                                                                    971.6        2/29         486            775            990
               Table D1.1 - Col 9                  9-11 year-olds                                                                                                   971.5        3/29         603            821           1 023
              Table D1.1 - Col 10                  12-14 year-olds                                                                                                  982.7        6/29         644            907           1 167
                                                   Total of hours from ages 7 to 14                                                                                 7 806        2/29       4 715           6 732          8 316
                                                   Number of days of instruction
               Table D4.1 - Col 4                  Primary                                                                                                          196.7        7/32         164            186            251
               Table D4.1 - Col 5                  Lower secondary                                                                                                  196.7        6/30         157            185            220
               Table D4.1 - Col 6                  Upper secondary                                                                                                  193.3        5/31         157            183            220
                                                   Net annual teaching time for teachers (in hours)
               Table D4.1 - Col 7                  Primary                                                                                                          874.4        9/32         489            779           1 255
               Table D4.1 - Col 8                  Lower secondary                                                                                                  812.3        5/31         426            701           1 368
               Table D4.1 - Col 9                  Upper secondary                                                                                                  797.1        6/32         377            656           1 368
                                                   Class size
               Table D2.1 - Col 5                  Primary                                                                                                           23.7       11/31         16             21              37
              Table D2.1 - Col 10                  Lower secondary                                                                                                   23.7       13/30         18             24              55
                                                   Change in class size (2000 = 100)
  (Table D2.1 - Col 5)/(Table D2.4 - Col 5)*100    Primary                                                                                                           94.5       18/23          78.3                 97.4     110.4
 (Table D2.1 - Col 10)/(Table D2.4 - Col 10)*100   Lower secondary                                                                                                  100.6        7/23          83.8                100.4     112.5
                                                   Ratio of student to teaching staff
               Table D2.2 - Col 3                  Primary                                                                                                           15.8       21/35        10.2           16.0            28.1            1, 2
               Table D2.2 - Col 6                  Secondary                                                                                                         12.0       22/37         7.7           13.5            30.1            1, 2
              Table D2.2 - Col 10                  Tertiary                                                                                                           m                       8.8           14.9            22.7            1, 2
                                                   Salaries in primary schools (equivalent USD converted using PPPs)
               Table D3.1 - Col 3                  After 15 years of experience /minimum training                                                                  48 233        8/30       1 979          38 914          74 402
              Table D3.1 - Col 13                  Ratio of salary at top of scale to starting salary                                                                1.4        23/31        1.16           1.64            2.77
               Table D3.4 - Col 6                  Ratio of salary after 15 years of experience to GDP per capita                                                    1.2        13/31        0.48           1.20            1.96
          Table D3.3 - Col 13/Col 9*100            Change in teachers' salaries in real terms between 2000 and 2009, lower secondary                                 100        18/23         91             114            209
         Table D3.4 - Col 12/Col 9 *100            Change in teachers' salaries relative to GDP per capita between 2000 and 2009                                     100        18/26         84             102            153
                                                   Ratio of salary after 15 years of experience to earnings for full-time, full-year adult workers with tertiary education
               Table D3.2 - Col 1                  Primary                                                                                                           0.85        8/24        0.44           0.77            1.19              2
               Table D3.2 - Col 2                  Lower secondary                                                                                                   0.85        9/24        0.44           0.81            1.27              2
               Table D3.2 - Col 3                  Upper secondary                                                                                                   0.85       10/24        0.44           0.85            1.32              2


                                                                                                        PISA indicators
                                                   Reading performance (2009)
               Table A5.1- Col 25                  Reading score                                                                                                    514.9        6/38         398           493.4          539.3
                                                   Enjoyment in reading (2009)
               Table A6.2.- Col 1                  Students who do not read for enjoyment (%)                                                                        36.7       23/38         12            37.4            50.0
               Table A6.2.- Col 23                 Change between 2000 and 2009                                                                                      -3.6       15/30       -16.81          -5.0            10.9
                                                   Reading score below PISA profiency Level 3 (2009)
               Table D6.3 - Col 1                  Percentage of students who do not value schooling outcomes                                                        34.7       33/38       21.21           42.8            87.7
               Table D6.3 - Col 7                  Low parental education (low vs. high), relative risk                                                              1.6        22/38          1             1.7            2.3
               Table D6.3 - Col 11                 Immigrant status (immigrant vs. non-immigrant), relative risk                                                     0.9        30/31        0.88            1.5            2.3
              Table D6.3 - Col 15                  Gender (boys vs. girls), relative risk                                                                            1.5        17/38          1             1.5            2.6
                                                   Percentage of students by immigrant status and their reading performance (2009)
                Table A5.2- Col 1                  Native students                                                                                                   76.8       34/38         60            89.6           100.0
                Table A5.2- Col 5                  First-generation students                                                                                         12.1        6/36        0.02            6.0            24.0
                Table A5.2- Col 9                  Second-generation students                                                                                        11.1        3/37          0             4.6            16.7
                                                   Difference in reading performance between native students and students with an immigrant background, after
               Table A5.2- Col 25                                                                                                                                   -10.9       30/31       -16.79          27.1            94.0
                                                   accounting for socio-economic background
                                                   Resilient students and disadvantaged low-achievers among all students (2009)
                Table A5.3- Col 5                  Boys                                                                                                              5.8        11/38        1.55            5.6            12.1
                Table A5.3- Col 3                  Girls                                                                                                             9.5        17/38          4             9.8            16.3




                                                                                                                          Page 6 of 129
Table 2. Trends for Australia from Education at a Glance 2011
Values for 2009 unless otherwise specified                                                                       In first 5                     Above the OECD average
                                                                                                                 In last 5                      Below the OECD average

                                                                                                   * Countries are ranked in decreasing order               Variations

                                                                                                     Rank/Nb                   OECD                                 OECD
        Table reference                               Indicator name                       Value                     Min                Max     Note    Value
                                                                                                     countries                average                              average
                                                                                                                                                Variation between age groups
          CHAPTER A                                                                                                                                  (percentage points)
                                 Attainment upper secondary level (%)
       Table A1.2a - Col 2       25-34 year-olds                                           82.9       24/35         41.6       81.5     97.5
       Table A1.2a - Col 3       35-44 year-olds                                           73.3       27/35         27.7       77.0     94.4              -9.6       -4.4
       Table A1.2a - Col 4       45-54 year-olds                                           66.8       23/35         21.9       70.5     92.9              -6.5       -6.5
       Table A1.2a - Col 5       55-64 year-olds                                           58.0       22/35         14.1       61.3     88.9              -8.8       -9.3
                                 Attainment tertiary level (%)
      Table A1.3a - Col 12       25-34 year-olds                                           44.8        9/37          6.1       37.1     63.1
      Table A1.3a - Col 13       35-44 year-olds                                           38.0       14/37          4.8       32.1     58.1              -6.8       -5.0
      Table A1.3a - Col 14       45-54 year-olds                                           33.6       10/37          3.0       26.9     54.3              -4.5       -5.2
      Table A1.3a - Col 15       55-64 year-olds                                           29.3        7/37          3.1       22.4     45.0              -4.3       -4.6
                                                                                                                                                         Annual average
                                                                                                                                                           growth rate
                                 Population without upper secondary education (%)
   Table A1.4 - Col 1 1st Row    1997                                                      46.7        6/25         14.1       36.3     79.0
   Table A1.4 - Col 4 1st Row    2000                                                      41.2       11/30         12.6       35.8     80.6              -4.1       -0.4
   Table A1.4 - Col 9 1st Row    2005                                                      35.0        9/32         10.1       29.8     73.5              -3.2       -3.6
   Table A1.4 - Col 13 1st Row   2009                                                      29.0       12/34          8.6       26.7     70.1              -4.6       -2.7
                                 Population with only upper secondary education (%)
   Table A1.4 - Col 1 2nd Row    1997                                                      29.0       20/25         12.6       43.1     74.3
   Table A1.4 - Col 4 2nd Row    2000                                                      31.3       25/30         10.5       42.5     75.0              2.6        -0.5
  Table A1.4 - Col 9 2nd Row     2005                                                      33.3       27/33         13.6       44.1     76.9              1.3         0.7
  Table A1.4 - Col 13 2nd Row    2009                                                      34.1       28/35         15.2       44.1     75.9              0.6         0.0
                                 Population with tertiary education (%)
   Table A1.4 - Col 1 3rd Row    1997                                                      24.3        8/25          7.6       20.6     37.4
   Table A1.4 - Col 4 3rd Row    2000                                                      27.5        7/30          8.3       21.7     40.1              4.2         1.7
  Table A1.4 - Col 9 3rd Row     2005                                                      31.7       10/33         10.2       27.0     46.1              2.9         4.5
  Table A1.4 - Col 13 3rd Row    2009                                                      36.9        8/35         10.9       30.0     49.5              3.9         2.7
                                 Graduation rates, tertiary-type A (%)
       Table A3.2 - Col 1        1995                                                       m                        6.0       20.1     32.7
       Table A3.2 - Col 2        2000                                                      35.7        6/24          8.8       28.2     50.3               m          7.0
       Table A3.2 - Col 7        2005                                                      49.7        3/27         11.2       35.1     56.3              6.9         4.4
       Table A3.2 - Col 11       2009                                                       m                       19.4       38.3     61.4              m           2.2
                                 Graduation rates, tertiary-type B (%)
       Table A3.2 - Col 12       1995                                                       m                        0.7       11.0     34.1
       Table A3.2 - Col 13       2000                                                       m                        2.2        9.0     28.8               m         -3.8
       Table A3.2 - Col 18       2005                                                       m                        1.7        9.0     27.0               m          0.0
       Table A3.2 - Col 22       2009                                                       m                        0.5        9.4     26.5               m          1.1
                                 Net entry rate tertiary-type A (%)
       Table C2.2 - Col 1        1995                                                       m                       14.8       37.4     83.4
       Table C2.2 - Col 2        2000                                                      59.0        8/26         21.1       47.4     95.1               m          4.8
       Table C2.2 - Col 7        2005                                                      82.4        1/31         27.0       53.8     82.4              6.9         2.6
       Table C2.2 - Col 11       2009                                                      93.9        1/33         16.8       59.3     93.9              3.3         2.4
                                 Net entry rate tertiary-type B (%)
       Table C2.2 - Col 12       1995                                                       m                        0.7       16.6     43.9
       Table C2.2 - Col 13       2000                                                       m                        0.7       15.5     52.0               m         -1.3
       Table C2.2 - Col 18       2005                                                       m                        0.6       17.9     50.8               m          2.9
       Table C2.2 - Col 22       2009                                                       m                        0.6       18.9     57.3               m          1.3
                                 Unemployment rate below upper secondary (%)
   Table A7.4a - Col 1 1st Row   1997                                                       9.6       14/25          1.4       10.2     22.4
   Table A7.4a - Col 4 1st Row   2000                                                       7.5       15/30          1.5        9.0     36.3              -7.9       -4.2
  Table A7.4a - Col 9 1st Row    2005                                                       6.3       24/32          2.3       10.7     49.2              -3.3        3.6
  Table A7.4a - Col 13 1st Row   2009                                                       6.6       26/34          3.0       11.5     38.3               1.2        1.9
                                 Unemployment rate tertiary (%)
  Table A7.4a - Col 1 3rd Row    1997                                                       3.5       12/24          1.2        4.1     13.7
  Table A7.4a - Col 4 3rd Row    2000                                                       3.6       12/28          1.3        3.5      9.5              0.7        -5.4
  Table A7.4a - Col 9 3rd Row    2005                                                          2.5       26/32     2.0       3.9      7.1                 -6.8        2.3
  Table A7.4a - Col 13 3rd Row   2009                                                          3.3       29/35     1.4       4.4      9.2                  6.8        3.1
                                 Relative earnings for 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education (upper secondaryand post-secondary non-tertiary=100)
  Table A8.2a - Col 1 2nd Row    1999                                                        133.8       12/17     0.0      151.2    199.6
  Table A8.2a - Col 2 2nd Row    2000                                                       m                        0.0       150.9    194.1                        -0.2
  Table A8.2a - Col 8 2nd Row    2005                                                      134.0      15/21          0.0       151.0    215.2                         0.0
  Table A8.2a - Col 12 2nd Row   2009                                                      135.4      17/22          0.0       157.2    256.4             0.3         1.0




                                                                               Page 7 of 129
Values for 2009 unless otherwise specified                                                                          In first 5                     Above the OECD average
                                                                                                                    In last 5                      Below the OECD average
Table 2. Trends for Australia from Education at a Glance 2011 / continued                                                                                    Variations

                                                                                                        Rank/Nb                   OECD                              OECD
        Table reference                                Indicator name                        Value                      Min                Max     Note   Value
                                                                                                        countries                average                           average
                                                                                                                                                           Annual average
          CHAPTER B
                                                                                                                                                             growth rate
                                 Change in expenditure/student for primary, secondary & post-secondary non-tertiary education (2000=100)
       Table B1.5 - Col 5        1995                                                     85.5      16/25        59.9      87.0     108.5                  3.2       2.8
       Table B1.5 - Col 6        2008                                                        123.3       14/30        104.9       134.2    220.8           3.5       5.0
                                 Change in expenditure per student for tertiary education (2000=100)
       Table B1.5 - Col 11       1995                                                        108.6        6/26         66.4       98.4     159.1           -1.6      0.3
       Table B1.5 - Col 12       2008                                                        108.2       19/30         77.0       114.1    163.5           1.3       2.2
                                 Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP for all levels of education (%)
       Table B2.1 - Col 9        1995                                                        5.0         20/30       1.7        5.6         7.8
       Table B2.1 - Col 6        2000                                                          5.0       22/34          2.5        5.5      7.6            0.0       -0.3
       Table B2.1 - Col 3        2008                                                          5.2       26/36          3.3        5.8      7.9            0.4       0.6
                                 Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure (%)
       Table B4.1 - Col 5        1995                                                        13.8         6/29       5.6          11.8     22.2
       Table B4.1 - Col 4        2000                                                         13.8       10/32          7.3       12.7     23.4            -0.1      1.5
       Table B4.1 - Col 3        2008                                                         12.9       17/33          9.4       12.9     20.6            -0.8      0.2
                                 Share of public expenditure on tertiary educational institutions (%)
       Table B3.3 - Col 1        1995                                                          64.6      19/24         25.1       76.7     99.4
       Table B3.3 - Col 2        2000                                                         49.6       25/29         19.5       75.1     99.7            -5.2      -0.4
       Table B3.3 - Col 4        2006                                                         44.3         25/29       16.1       70.3     97.0            -1.9      -1.1
       Table B3.3 - Col 6        2008                                                         44.8         25/30      14.6        69.3     96.9            0.6       -0.7
                                 Share of public expenditure on educational institutions for all levels of education (%)
       Table B3.1 - Col 6        2000                                                         73.2         24/28      55.2        86.3     98.6
       Table B3.1 - Col 1        2008                                                         70.6       26/30         58.6       83.5     97.4            -0.4      -0.4
                                 Change in proportion of expenditure for primary, secondary & post-sec. non-tertiary education 2000-2008 (2000=100)
      Table B3.2a - Col 13       Public sources                                           130.5       12/32       97.9      127.4    216.1                 4.5       4.1
      Table B3.2a - Col 14       All private sources                                         142.4       13/26         84.7       170.5    992.3           6.1       9.3
                                 Change in proportion of expenditure for tertiary education between 2000 and 2008 (2000=100)
       Table B3.2b - Col 8       Public sources                                              120.7     20/32      96.9     131.1           327.9           3.2       4.6
       Table B3.2b - Col 9       All private sources                                         146.4       17/26        105.5       216.9    738.6           6.6      13.8
                                 Change in proportion of expenditure for all levels of education between 2000 and 2008 (2000=100)
       Table B3.1 - Col 8        Public sources                                              127.8      17/32      99.1     129.6          228.6           4.2       4.4
       Table B3.1 - Col 9        All private sources                                         145.3       12/26        108.3       197.9    768.4           6.4      12.0




                                                                                  Page 8 of 129
Table 3. EAG 2011: Data comparisons between Australia and Austria
Values for 2009 unless otherwise specified
                                                                                                                                                                    Higher than           Higher than OECD avg                   In first 5
                                                                                                                                                                    Lower than              Lower than OECD avg                  In last 5
                                                                                                                                                                    * Countries are ranked in decreasing order
                                                                                                                                                                  Australia                               Austria
                                                                                                                                                                       Rank/Nb                                Rank/Nb
                Table reference                                                                Indicator name                                          Value                       Note        Value                      Note   OECD average
                                                                                                                                                                      countries                               countries



                                                                                     Participation in education
                                               Percentage of the population enrolled in early childhood education
              Table C1.1a - Col 1              At ages 3 to 4                                                                                           31.8            32/37                  72.3             20/37                  70.07
                                               Attainment upper secondary level (%)
               Table A1.2a - Col 1             25-64 year-olds                                                                                          71.0            24/35                  81.9             13/35                    0.0
               Table A1.2a - Col 2             25-34 year-olds                                                                                          82.9            24/35                  88.4             11/35                   81.5
               Table A1.2a - Col 5             55-64 year-olds                                                                                          58.0            22/35                  71.7             14/35                   61.3
                                               Attainment tertiary level (%)
              Table A1.3a - Col 11             25-64 year-olds                                                                                          36.9             9/41                  19.0             29/41                   30.0
              Table A1.3a - Col 12             25-34 year-olds                                                                                          44.8             9/37                  21.1             30/37                   37.1
              Table A1.3a - Col 15             55-64 year-olds                                                                                          29.3             7/37                  15.9             26/37                   22.4
                                                Net entry rate (%)
               Table C2.1 - Col 6              Tertiary-type A                                                                                           94              1/34                   54              19/34                    59
          Table C2.2 - Col 11/Col2*100         Change in net entry rate in tertiary-type A education between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100)                  159.0             7/25                  162.1            5/25                     125
              Table C2.1 - Col 12              Age at 50th percentile                                                                                    21             10/32                   21              8/32                     20
              Table C2.1 - Col 1               Tertiary-type B                                                                                           m                                      15              19/27                    19
         Table C2.2 - Col 22/Col13*100         Change in net entry rate in tertiary-type B education between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100)                    m                                      m                                        121
                                               Net graduation rates (%) - First time
               Table A2.1 - Col 1              Upper secondary                                                                                           m                          3           m                                       82.2
               Table A2.2 - Col 12             Average annual growth rate between 1995 and 2009                                                          m                                      m                                        m
            Table A2.4 - 100 - Col 1           Students who do not complete upper secondary degrees within the theoretical duration                      m                                      m                                       32.0
            Table A2.1 - Col1-Col 2            Older than 25                                                                                             m                          3           m                                        9.0
                                               Graduation rates (%)
               Table A3.1.- Col 1              Tertiary-type A                                                                                          48.5             5/27       1          29.3             22/27                   38.6
          Table A3.2.- Col 11/Col2*100         Change in graduation rates in tertiary-type A between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100)                            m                          1          191.1            4/20                     136
               Table A3.1.- Col 3              Tertiary-type A - Women                                                                                  57.1             6/27       1          33.7             23/27                   46.5
               Table A3.1.- Col 7              Tertiary-type B                                                                                          15.8             7/24       1          10.1             13/24                   10.4
         Table A3.2.- Col 22/Col13*100         Change in graduation rates in tertiary-type B between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100)                            m                          1           m                                        104
               Table A3.3 - Col 11             Graduation rate in advanced research programmes (all students)                                            1.9             9/35       1           2.0             8/35                     1.5
                                               Field of education chosen by most of the graduated students
                                                                                                                                                    Engineering,                           Engineering,                            Engineering,
                                                                                                                                                   manufacturing                          manufacturing                           manufacturing
          Table A4.1a.- max col (2-15)         Most boys in upper secondary vocational programmes choose:                                              and                -         1         and                 -                    and
                                                                                                                                                   construction                           construction                             construction
                                                                                                                                                      59.7%                                  43.4%                                    54%
                                                                                                                                                                                               Social                                 Social
                                                                                                                                                     Health and                              sciences,                              sciences,
         Table A4.1a.- max col (17 - 30)       Most girls in upper secondary vocational programmes choose:                                            welfare             -         1      business and           -               business and
                                                                                                                                                      32.3%                                     law                                    law
                                                                                                                                                                                               33%                                   29.8%
                                                                                                                                                       Social                                  Social                                 Social
                                                                                                                                                     sciences,                               sciences,                              sciences,
               Table A4.3b.- max               in tertiary education                                                                               business and           -         1      business and           -               business and
                                                                                                                                                        law                                     law                                    law
                                                                                                                                                      42.2%                                   37.6%                                  35.2%
                                               Field of education chosen by most of foreign students enrolled
                Table A4.5.- max               Tertiary                                                                                                  m                -          -          m                 -        -             m
                                               Foreign students as a percentage of all tertiary enrolment
               Table C3.1 - Col 6              Born abroad                                                                                              24.4             2/32                  19.4             5/32                     8.7
                                               International students as a percentage of all tertiary enrolment
               Table C3.1 - Col 1              Tertiary                                                                                                21.5              1/24                  15.1             3/24                     6.4
               Table C3.1 - Col 5              Change in student mobility between 2005 and 2009 (2005=100)                                             129.0             7/16                  133.8            5/16                     132
                                               Expected years in education
          Table C4.1a - col. 3 3rd row         Between ages 15 and 29                                                                                    6.6            20/33                   6.5             22/33                   6.94
              Table C1.6a - Col 1              All ages excepting education for children below the age of 5                                             19.8             6/36                  16.8             28/36                   17.8


                                                                           Economic benefits and social outcomes of education
                                               Employment rate by educational attainment (%)
         Table A7.3a- Col 13, 2nd Row          Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary                                                          80.2             7/35                  77.6             11/35                   74.2
         Table A7.3a- Col 13, 3nd Row          Tertiary                                                                                                 84.3            17/35                  86.7             9/35                    83.6
                                               Changes in employment rates by educational attainment (2000=100)
      Table A7.3a - Cols 13/4*100, 1st Row     Below upper secondary                                                                                   108.7             2/29                  103.7            11/29                     97
      Table A7.3a - Cols 13/4*100, 2nd Row     Upper secondary                                                                                         104.6             3/30                  103.6            4/30                      98
      Table A7.3a - Cols 13/4*100, 3rd Row     Tertiary                                                                                                101.7             5/30                  99.1             16/30                     99
                                               Unemployment rate by educational attainment (%)
         Table A7.4a- Col 13, 1st Row          Below upper secondary                                                                                     6.6            26/34                   8.4             20/34                   11.5
         Table A7.4a- Col 13, 2nd Row          Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary                                                           4.1            28/35                   3.6             31/35                    6.8
         Table A7.4a- Col 13, 3rd Row          Tertiary                                                                                                  3.3            29/35                   2.2             32/35                    4.4
                                               Relative earnings of employed population (upp. secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary=100, 25-64 year-olds)
           Table A8.1 Col 13, 1st Row          Men with tertiary education                                                                              143.9           21/32      2009        153.1            19/32     2009         158.7
          Table A8.1 Col 13, 2nd Row           Women with tertiary education                                                                           148.1            22/32      2009        158.5            17/32     2009         155.5
           Table A8.1 Col 13, 3rd Row          Men and women with tertiary education                                                                   135.4            26/32      2009        154.9            14/32     2009         153.5
           Table A8.1 Col 1, 3rd Row           Men and women with below upper secondary education                                                       80.7            11/32      2009        64.8             30/32     2009         77.2
                                               Private net present value of obtaining a level of education (equivalent USD using PPP's for GDP)
         Table A9.1- Col 10 upper Table        Man, upper secondary or post-sec. non-tertiary education                                                84 479            8/21      2005       123 931           3/21      2007        77 604
         Table A9.1- Col 10 lower table        Woman, upper secondary or post-sec. non-tertiary education                                              43 586           15/21      2005       68 461            9/21      2007        63 035
          Table A9.3- Col 9 upper table        Man, tertiary education                                                                                100 520           19/25      2005       173 522           12/25     2007        175 067
          Table A9.3 - Col 9 lower table       Woman, tertiary education                                                                              111 078           11/25      2005       112 121           9/25      2007        110 007
                                               Public net present value in (equivalent USD using PPP's for GDP)
          Table A9.4- Col 8 upper table        Man, obtaining tertiary education                                                                       84 532           14/25      2005       89 705            10/25     2007        91 036
          Table A9.4- Col 8 lower table        Woman, obtaining tertiary education                                                                     52 490           12/25                 61 943            9/25      2007        55 434
                                               Percentage of the youth population not in education, unemployed and not in the labour force
      Table C4.2a - Col 9+Col12 2nd Row        20-24 year-olds                                                                                          11.6            25/31                  11.8             24/31                   18.2
       Table C4.2a - Col 9+Col12 3rd Row       25-29 year-olds                                                                                          16.9            19/33                  14.6             24/33                   19.1
       Table C4.2a - Col 9+Col12 4th Row       15-29 year-olds                                                                                          12.3            21/33                  11.1             24/33                   15.2
                                               Participation in formal and non-formal education among 25-64 year-olds by attainment (%)
            Table C5.3a - Col (1 + 2)          Below upper secondary                                                                                    23.9             9/19                  19.3             15/19                #VALUE!
            Table C5.3a - Col (7 + 8)          Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary                                                          43.1            13/26                  43.7             11/26                  #REF!
           Table C5.3a - Col (13 + 14)         Tertiary                                                                                                 59.7            21/27                  72.9             8/27                   #REF!
                                               Annual labour cost relative to OECD average (USD)
   Table A10.1- Col 1 3rd Row - OECD average   Below upper secondary attainment                                                                        11 365           11/29      2009       15 900            9/29      2009               0
   Table A10.1- Col 3 3rd Row - OECD average   Tertiary attainment                                                                                     10 877           13/29      2009       39 859            2/29      2009               0




                                                                                                                           Page 9 of 129
Values for 2009 unless otherwise specified
                                                                                                                                                                              Higher than           Higher than OECD avg                 In first 5
                                                                                                                                                                              Lower than              Lower than OECD avg                In last 5
                                                                                                                                                                              * Countries are ranked in decreasing order
                                                                                                                                                                            Australia                             Austria
                                                                                                                                                                                 Rank/Nb                              Rank/Nb
                Table reference                                                                         Indicator name                                             Value                     Note        Value                    Note   OECD average
                                                                                                                                                                                countries                             countries


                                                                                                  Financing education
                                                   Annual expenditure per student (equivalent USD using PPPs, 2008)
              Table B1.1a - Col 11                 From primary to tertiary                                                                                         9 056         18/34                 11 852          4/34                   8 831
               Table B1.1a - Col 2                 Primary                                                                                                          6 723         18/34                  9 542          6/34                   7 153
               Table B1.1a - Col 5                 Secondary                                                                                                        9 052         16/36                 11 741          5/36                   8 972
               Table B1.5 - Col 6                  Change in expenditure per student between 2000 and 2008, ISCED 1 to 4 (2000=100)                                  123          14/30                   112           25/30                    134
               Table B1.1a - Col 9                 Tertiary                                                                                                        15 043         13/34                 15 043          12/34                 13 717
               Table B1.5 - Col 12                 Change in expenditure per student between 2000 and 2008, tertiary (2000=100)                                      108          19/30                   129           7/30                     114
                                                   Cumulative expenditure on educational institutions per student for all services over whole duration (USD, 2008)
               Table B1.3a - Col 6                 Total tertiary (average duration)                                                                              m                                     65333.8         8/19                  57 775
                                                   Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP (2008)
               Table B2.1 - Col 3                  All levels of education                                                                                           5.2          26/36                   5.4           23/36                    5.9
                                                   Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure (2008)
               Table B4.1 - Col 3                  All levels of education                                                                                          12.9          17/33                  11.2           24/33                   12.9
                                                   Percentage of total public expenditure used for loans, grants, scholarships and subsidies for private entities (2008)
               Table B5.3 - Col 7                  Tertiary level                                                                                                  31.5            5/33                  24.8           10/33                   21.0
                                                   Share of private expenditure on educational institutions (2008)
               Table B3.1 - Col 4                  All levels of education                                                                                          29.4           5/30                   9.2           22/30                   16.5
               Table B3.2a - Col 9                 Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary                                                               18.3           4/32                   4.1           22/32                    9.0
               Table B3.2b - Col 4                 Tertiary                                                                                                         55.2           6/31                  15.3           24/31                   31.1
               Table B3.3 - Col 12                 Change in share of private expenditure between 2000 and 2008                                                     120.7         19/31                  130.2          15/31                  131.4
           Table B4.1 - Col3/Col4*100              Change in public expenditure on education relative to all public sectors                                         93.8          25/30                  104.3          7/30                   101.6
                                                   Salary cost per student (USD) (2008)
               Table B7.3 - Col 1                  Upper secondary                                                                                                  3 909         13/29                  4 014          10/29                  3 449


                                                                                            Teaching and learning conditions
                                                   Intended instruction time for students (hours per year)
               Table D1.1 - Col 8                  7-8 year-olds                                                                                                    971.6          2/29                  735.0          14/29                    775
               Table D1.1 - Col 9                  9-11 year-olds                                                                                                   971.5          3/29                  811.4          13/29                    821
              Table D1.1 - Col 10                  12-14 year-olds                                                                                                  982.7          6/29                  958.4          8/29                     907
                                                   Total of hours from ages 7 to 14                                                                                 7 806                                6 780                                 6 732
                                                   Number of days of instruction
               Table D4.1 - Col 4                  Primary                                                                                                          196.7          7/32                  180.0          20/32                    186
               Table D4.1 - Col 5                  Lower secondary                                                                                                  196.7          6/30                  180.0          15/30                    185
               Table D4.1 - Col 6                  Upper secondary                                                                                                  193.3          5/31                  180.0          14/31                    183
                                                   Net annual teaching time for teachers (in hours)
               Table D4.1 - Col 7                  Primary                                                                                                          874.4          9/32                  779.4          17/32                    779
               Table D4.1 - Col 8                  Lower secondary                                                                                                  812.3          5/31                  606.6          24/31                    701
               Table D4.1 - Col 9                  Upper secondary                                                                                                  797.1          6/32                  588.6          21/32                    656
                                                   Class size
               Table D2.1 - Col 5                  Primary                                                                                                          23.7          11/31                  18.9           22/31                     21
              Table D2.1 - Col 10                  Lower secondary                                                                                                  23.7          13/30                  22.6           17/30                     24
                                                   Change in class size (2000 = 100)
  (Table D2.1 - Col 5)/(Table D2.4 - Col 5)*100    Primary                                                                                                          94.5          18/23                  94.3           19/23                   97.4
 (Table D2.1 - Col 10)/(Table D2.4 - Col 10)*100   Lower secondary                                                                                                  100.6          7/23                  94.5           16/23                  100.4
                                                   Ratio of student to teaching staff
               Table D2.2 - Col 3                  Primary                                                                                                          15.8          21/35      1, 2        12.6           27/35                   16.0
               Table D2.2 - Col 6                  Secondary                                                                                                        12.0          22/37      1, 2         9.9           31/37                   13.5
              Table D2.2 - Col 10                  Tertiary                                                                                                          m                       1, 2        15.6           13/27                   14.9
                                                   Salaries in primary schools (equivalent USD converted usind PPPs)
               Table D3.1 - Col 3                  After 15 years of experience /minimum training                                                                  48 233          8/30                 41 070          14/30                 38 914
              Table D3.1 - Col 13                  Ratio of salary at top of scale to starting salary                                                                1.4          23/31                   2.0           7/31                    1.64
               Table D3.4 - Col 6                  Ratio of salary after 15 years of experience to GDP per capita                                                    1.2          13/31                   1.0           19/31                   1.20
          Table D3.3 - Col 13/Col 9*100            Change in teachers' salaries in real terms between 2000 and 2009, lower secondary                                99.6          18/23                  118.4          7/23                     114
         Table D3.4 - Col 12/Col 9 *100            Change in teachers' salaries relative to GDP per capita between 2000 and 2009                                    99.5          18/26                  99.5           19/26                    102
                                                   Ratio of salary after 15 years of experience to earnings for full-time full-year adult workers with tertiary education
               Table D3.2 - Col 1                  Primary                                                                                                           0.8           8/24       2           0.6           20/24                   0.77
               Table D3.2 - Col 2                  Lower secondary                                                                                                   0.8           9/24       2           0.6           19/24                   0.81
               Table D3.2 - Col 3                  Upper secondary                                                                                                   0.8          10/24       2           0.6           19/24                   0.85


                                                                                                        PISA indicators
                                                   Reading performance (2009)
               Table A5.1- Col 25                  Reading score                                                                                                    514.9          6/38                  470.3          31/38                  493.4
                                                   Enjoyment in reading (2009)
               Table A6.2.- Col 1                  Students who do not read for enjoyment (%)                                                                       36.7          23/38                  50.0           1/38                    37.4
               Table A6.2.- Col 23                 Change between 2000 and 2009                                                                                     -3.6          15/30                   m                                     -5.0
                                                   Reading score below PISA profiency Level 3 (2009)
               Table D6.3 - Col 1                  Percentage of students who do not value schooling outcomes                                                       34.7          33/38                  51.7           8/38                    42.8
               Table D6.3 - Col 7                  Low parental education (low vs. high), relative risk                                                              1.6          22/38                   1.7           18/38                    1.7
               Table D6.3 - Col 11                 Immigrant status (immigrant vs. non-immigrant), relative risk                                                     0.9          30/31                   1.6           13/31                    1.5
              Table D6.3 - Col 15                  Gender (boys vs. girls), relative risk                                                                            1.5          17/38                   1.4           26/38                    1.5
                                                   Percentage of students by immigrant status and their reading performance (2009)
                Table A5.2- Col 1                  Native students                                                                                                  76.8          34/38                  84.8           30/38                   89.6
                Table A5.2- Col 5                  First-generation students                                                                                        12.1           6/36                  10.5           8/36                     6.0
                Table A5.2- Col 9                  Second-generation students                                                                                       11.1           3/37                   4.8           15/37                    4.6
                                                   Difference in reading performance between native students and students with an immigrant background, after
               Table A5.2- Col 25                                                                                                                                   -10.9         30/31                  37.0           9/31                    27.1
                                                   accounting for socio-economic background
                                                   Resilient students and disadvantaged low-achievers among all students (2009)
                Table A5.3- Col 5                  Boys                                                                                                              5.8          11/38                   3.5           32/38                    5.6
                Table A5.3- Col 3                  Girls                                                                                                             9.5          17/38                   6.3           36/38                    9.8




                                                                                                                               Page 10 of 129
                         Educational attainment level in Australia compared to Austria
                                                                                                                                     OECD average
                                                                           %
                                                                                                                                     Australia
                                                                     100

                                                                                                                                     Austria
                                                   88
                     Upper secondary attainment 25-34                 80                        Upper secondary attainment 25-34
                                                                                               83

                                                                      60


                                                                      40


          Upper secondary attainment 55-64                            20                                    Upper secondary attainment 55-64
                                             72                                                   58

                                                                       0


                                                                21
                                                                     16                   45

                                                                               29
                      Tertiary attainment 25-34                                                         Tertiary attainment 25-34




                                         Tertiary attainment 55-64                  Tertiary attainment 55-64




Source: Table A1.2a and Table A1.3a
                          Graduation and entry rates in Australia compared to Austria                                                            OECD average
                                                       %                                                                                         Australia

                                                                                                                                                 Austria
                                                                         100
                           Graduation rate upper secondary                                      Graduation rate upper secondary
                                                                          80

                                                                          60
                                                                                                              94
                 Net entry rate tertiary-type A                                                              Net entry rate tertiary-type A
                                                                          40
                                                       54
                                                                          20

                                                                           0
                                                                  15
              Net entry rate tertiary-type B                                                                    Net entry rate tertiary-type B

                                                                          10
                                                                 29            16
                                                                                           49


                     Graduation rate tertiary-type A                                                   Graduation rate tertiary-type A



                                       Graduation rate tertiary-type B              Graduation rate tertiary-type B




Source: Table A2.4 and Table A3.1
                      Unemployment rates in Australia compared to Austria                                                    OECD average
                                                                       %                                                     Australia

                                                                                                                             Austria
                                                                  20

    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-                                                Upper secondary and post-secondary non-
                    tertiary                                                                               tertiary




                                                              4            4
                         Tertiary                                                                       Tertiary

                                                         2                     3
                                                                  0




                                           12                                             12
 Percentage of 20-24 year-olds not in                                                               Percentage of 20-24 year-olds not in
education, unemployed and not in the                                                               education, unemployed and not in the
            labour force                                                                                       labour force



                    Percentage of 25-29 year olds not in 15                      Percentage of 25-29 year olds not in
                   education, unemployed and not in the                         education, unemployed and not in the
                                                                               17
                               labour force                                                 labour force
            Relative earnings of employed population in Australia compared to Austria
                                    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary=100, 25-64 year-olds
                                                                                                                                   OECD average

                                                                         %                                                         Australia

                                                                160                                                                Austria

                                                 153            140                        144
                          Men with tertiary education                                      Men with tertiary education
                                                                120
                                                                100
                                                                    80
                                                                    60
                                                                    40
                                  158
           Women with tertiary education                                                                148
                                                                                                       Women with tertiary education
                                                                    20
                                                                     0




       Men and women with tertiary education                                                       Men
                                                                                                  135 and women with tertiary education
                                       155                     65
                                                                             81



                              Men and women with below upper                      Men and women with below upper
                                    secondary education                                 secondary education



Source: Table A7.1a
               Private net present value of education in Australia compared to Austria
                                                                                                                                         OECD average
                                                                         USD                                                             Australia
                                                                                                                                         Austria
                                                                   180 000
                                                                   160 000
                Man, upper secondary or post-sec. non-                                          Man, upper secondary or post-sec. non-
                         tertiary education                        140 000                               tertiary education
                                                     123 931       120 000
                                                                   100 000
                                                                                    84 479
                                                                    80 000
                                                                    60 000
 Woman, upper secondary or post-sec. non-                           40 000                                  Woman, upper secondary or post-sec. non-
           tertiary education                                       20 000                                            tertiary education
                                                     68 461                         43 586
                                                                          0




                                                                                             100 520

                       Man, tertiary education                                                          Man, tertiary education
                                       173 522

                                                               112 121         111 078


                                       Woman, tertiary education                    Woman, tertiary education




Source: Table A8.1 and Table A8.2
                      Annual expenditure per student in Australia compared to Austria
                                                                                                                               OECD average
                                                                     Equivalent USD                                            Australia
                                                                     16 000                                                    Austria

                                                                     14 000
                            From primary to tertiary                                                From primary to tertiary
                                                   11 852            12 000

                                                                     10 000
                                                                                          9 056
                                                                      8 000

                                                                      6 000

                                                                      4 000
                              Primary                                                                            Primary
                                             9 542                    2 000                    6 723
                                                                         0




                                                                                                  9 052
                                            11 741
                                Secondary                                                                    Secondary




                                                       Tertiary                        Tertiary
                                                            15 043                    15 043

Source: Table B1.1a
                  Class size and students per teacher in Australia compared to Austria
                                                                                                                                                      OECD average
                                                                            No. of students
                                                                                                                                                      Australia
                                                                                 25
                                                                                                            24                                        Austria
                                          Class size - Primary                                             Class size - Primary
                                                                 19              20


                                                                                 15

                                           23                                                                                 24
                  Class size - Lower secondary                                                                             Class size - Lower secondary
                                                                                 10


                                                                                  5


                                                                                  0
                                                       13                                                           16
          Students/teaching staff - Primary                                                                                   Students/teaching staff - Primary
                                                                                      0


                                                                      10
                                                                                                      12


                 Students/teaching staff - Secondary                                                                Students/teaching staff - Secondary
                                                                            16


                                       Students/teaching staff - Tertiary                     Students/teaching staff - Tertiary


Source: Table D2.1 and Table D2.2
                               Evolution of attainment rates between 1997 and 2009
                                                       Below upper secondary and Tertiary levels

                               Below upper secondary           OECD average Below upper secondary    Tertiary   OECD average Tertiary
     %

     50

     45

     40

     35

     30

     25

     20

     15

     10

      5

      0
       1997                                             2000                                        2005                                2009



Source: Table A1.4
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages and below right for country values.
                                Evolution of attainment rates between 1997 and 2009
                                                           Upper secondary and tertiary levels

                                    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary    OECD average Upper secondary

       %                            Tertiary                                           OECD average Tertiary


      50

      45

      40

      35

      30

      25

      20

      15

      10

       5

       0
        1997                                           2000                                         2005              2009




Source: Table A1.4
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages and below right for country values.
                                       Below upper secondary attainment evolution
                                                        Australia            OECD average


                                                        Minimum OECD value   Maximum OECD value

     %
   100

     90

     80

     70

     60

     50

     40

     30

     20

     10

      0
                        1997                                2000                 2005             2009


Source: Table A1.4
Rank /no. of countries label is placed below right for country values.
                                  Upper secondary attainment evolution in Australia
                                                       Australia            OECD average


                                                       Minimum OECD value   Maximum OECD value

     %
    100

      90

      80

      70

      60

      50

      40

      30

      20

      10

         0
                         1997                               2000                  2005           2009



Source: Table A1.4
Rank /no. of countries label is placed below right for country values.
                                          Tertiary attainment evolution in Australia
                                                       Australia            OECD average


                                                       Minimum OECD value   Maximum OECD value

     %
   100

    90

    80

    70

    60

    50

    40

    30

    20

    10

      0
                        1997                               2000                 2005             2009



Source: Table A1.4
Rank /no. of countries label is placed below right for country values.
                                       Evolution of attainment between age groups
                                                      Upper secondary                   OECD average Upper secondary


                                                      Tertiary                          OECD average Tertiary
     %
     90


     80


     70


     60


     50


     40


     30


     20


     10


      0
  55-64 year-olds                              45-54 year-olds                               35-44 year-olds           25-34 year-olds



Source: Table A1.2a
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages and below right for country values.
                                                             Evolution of entry rates
                                           Tertiary type A                          OECD average Tertiary type A

                                           Tertiary type B                          OECD average Tertiary type B
    %
     60



     50



     40



     30



     20



     10



        0
         1995                                         2000                                          2005           2009




Source: Table A2.5
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages below right for country values.
                                  Evolution of graduation rates in tertairy education
                                                   Tertiary type A                       OECD average Tertiary type A


    %                                              Tertiary type B                       OECD average Tertiary type B

   100

    90

    80

    70

    60

    50

    40

    30

    20

    10

      0
       1995                                         2000                                          2005                  2009




Source: Table A3.2
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages below right for country values.
                                   Evolution of unemployment by educational level
                                            Below upper secondary                             OECD average Below upper secondary

                                            Tertiary                                          OECD average Tertiary
   %
  14.00


  12.00


      14/25
  10.00


   8.00                                                15/30
                                                                                                                                   26/34
                                                                                                  24/32

   6.00


   4.00


   2.00


   0.00
       1997                                            2000                                       2005                             2009




Source: Table A6.4
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages below right for country values.
                               Annual average growth rate of expenditure per student

                                   Between 1995 and 2000   Between 2000 and 2006   OECD average between 1995 and 2000    OECD average between 2000 and 2006

      %
      6.00


      5.00


      4.00

                                                                      14/30
      3.00                 16/25


      2.00


      1.00                                                                                                                                                      19/30


      0.00
                         1995-2000                                  2000-2007                                  1995-2000                                      2000-2007

     -1.00
                                                                                                                  6/26

     -2.00


                   Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-                                                                           Tertiary
                   tertiary
Source: Table B1.5
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages and inside the bar for country values.
               Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP

                                                        Australia                            OECD average
    %
     6.00


     5.80


     5.60


     5.40


     5.20
                                                                                                             26/36

     5.00
                               20/30                                         22/34


     4.80


     4.60
                               1995                                          2000                            2008



Source: Table B2.1
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages and inside the bar for country values.
                       Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of public
                                          expenditure in Australia
                                                     Australia                            OECD average
     %
    14.00

                               6/29                                         10/32
    13.50


    13.00
                                                                                                             17/33

    12.50


    12.00


    11.50


    11.00


    10.50
                               1995                                          2000                            2008



Source: Table B4.1
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages and inside the bar for country values.
                          Share of public expenditure on tertiary institutions

                                                        Australia                            OECD average

   %
 100.00

  90.00

  80.00

  70.00

  60.00                 19/24

  50.00
                                                           25/29
  40.00                                                                                      25/29           25/30

  30.00

  20.00

  10.00

    0.00
                        1995                                2000                             2006            2008



Source: Table B3.3
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages and inside the bar for country values.
                          Share of public expenditure on educational institutions for all levels of
                                                        education
                                                       Australia                            OECD average

   %
 100.00

  90.00

  80.00

  70.00                                  24/28
                                                                                                             26/30
  60.00

  50.00

  40.00

  30.00

  20.00

  10.00

   0.00
                                         2000                                                                2008



Source: Table B3.1
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages and inside the bar for country values.
                Change in proportion of public and private expenditure between 2000 and
                                                  2008
                        Public sources                 All private sources                OECD average Public sources        OECD average All private sources
    %
  250.00




  200.00




  150.00
                                               13/26                                                    17/26                                              12/26
                   12/32                                                                                                    17/32
                                                                             20/32
  100.00




   50.00




    0.00
               Public sources            All private sources             Public sources          All private sources    Public sources             All private sources

             Primary, secondary and post-secondary
                                                                                          Tertiary                                         All levels
                          non-tertiary
Source: Table B3.1, B3.2a and B3.2b
Rank /no. of countries label is placed above left for OECD averages and inside the bar for country values.
Table 4. Chapter A Output of educational institutions, selected values (all countries)
                                                                                     In first 5
                                                                                     In last 5

                              Table A1.2a - Col 1                 Table A1.2a - Col 2               Table A1.2a - Col 5          Table A1.3a - Col 11




                                                                 Population with at least          Population with at least
                         Population with at least upper                                                                         Population with tertiary
                                                               upper secondary education         upper secondary education
                          secondary education (2008)                                                                              education (2008)
                                                                         (2008)                            (2008)




                          25-64                     Rank          25-34               Rank          55-64               Rank    25-64
                                         Note




                                                                               Note




                                                                                                                 Note




                                                                                                                                             Note
OECD countries
Australia                         71                      24              83             24                 58             22           37
Austria                           82                      13              88             11                 72             14           19
Belgium                           71                      25              83             23                 54             25           33
Canada                            88                       7              92              6                 80              7           50
Chile                             69                      27              86             19                 43             27           24
Czech Republic                    91                       1              94              3                 86              2           16
Estonia                           89                       3              86             14                 83              3           36
Denmark                           76                      19              86             18                 68             17           34
Finland                           82                      12              90              9                 67             18           37
France                            70                      26              84             20                 55             24           29
Germany                           85                      10              86             15                 83              5           26
Greece                            61                      29              75             28                 40             29           24
Hungary                           81                      16              86             16                 72             13           20
Iceland                           66                      28              70             30                 57             23           33
Ireland                           72                      23              86             17                 48             26           36
Israel                            82                      14              87             13                 74             11           45
Italy                             54                      30              70             29                 37             30           15
Japan                             m                                       m                                 m                           44
Korea                             80                      17              98              1                 43             28           39
Luxembourg                        77                      18              84             21                 70             16           35
Mexico                            35                      33              42             34                 21             33           16
Netherlands                       73                      21              82             25                 63             20           33
New Zealand                       72                      22              79             27                 62             21           40
Norway                            81                      15              84             22                 79              8           37
Poland                            88                       6              93              4                 77              9           21
Portugal                          30                      35              48             33                 14             35           15
Slovak Republic                   91                       2              95              2                 83              4           16
Slovenia                          83                      11              93              5                 74             12           23
Spain                             52                      31              64             31                 30             31           30
Sweden                            86                       9              91              7                 76             10           33
Switzerland                       87                       8              90             10                 83              6           35
Turkey                            31                      34              42             35                 19             34           13
United Kingdom                    74                      20              82             26                 64             19           37
United States                     89                       4              88             12                 89              1           41
Other G20
Argentina                         m                                       m                                 m                           14          1
Brazil                            41                      32              53             32                 25             32           11
China                             m                                       m                                 m                            5          2
India                             m                                       m                                 m                           m
Indonesia                         m                                       m                                 m                            4          3
Russian Federation                88            2          5              91   2             8              71   2         15           54          4
Saudi Arabia                      m                                       m                                 m                           15          5
South Africa                      m                                       m                                 m                            4          3
OECD average             73                    22            81       27     61      22     30
Eu21 average             75                                  83              63             27
Nb countries                                 35                      35             35
Min                                          29.9                    41.6           14.1
Max                      61                  91.4          55.92     97.5   74.84   88.9   49.74

Note:          * Average from available countries, not in EAG 2011
               All ranks are in descending order
 ble A1.3a - Col 11            Table A1.3a - Col 12            Table A1.3a - Col 15               Table A2.1 - Col 1         Table A2.1 - Col1-Col 2




pulation with tertiary        Population with tertiary        Population with tertiary        Upper secondary graduation Upper secondary graduation
education (2008)                education (2008)                education (2008)                     rates (2008)               rates (2008)




                                                                                              First-time
                                                                                                                            Beyond 25
                   Rank        25-34               Rank        55-64               Rank       graduation           Rank                         Rank
                                                                                                                             years old
                                                                                                 rate
                                            Note




                                                                            Note




                                                                                                            Note




                                                                                                                                         Note
                          9            45                 9            29                 7           m        3                    m       3
                         29            21                30            16                26           m                             m
                         17            42                14            23                18           m                             m
                          2            56                 2            41                 4           79       3       20            3      3          8
                         24            35                24            17                23           68               25            n
                         32            20                32            11                31           84               17           m
                         12            37                21            33                 6           m                             m
                         16            45                10            26                15           85               14           10                 6
                          8            39                19            29                 8           95                3           11                 5
                         22            43                12            18                21           m                             m
                         23            26                27            25                16           84               16           m
                         25            29                26            15                27           m                             m
                         28            25                28            16                25           87               13            6                  7
                         20            36                22            23                19           89               12           20                  2
                         13            48                 5            20                20           91                7            1                 12
                          3            43                13            45                 1           89               10            n
                         35            20                34            10                32           81               19           m
                          4            56                 3            27                12           95                4           m
                          7            63                 1            13                28           89               11           m
                         15            44                11            25                17           69               24            2                 10
                         30            20                33            10                34           45               27            1                 13
                         19            40                17            27                11           m                             m
                          6            47                 7            34                 5           90                8           13                  4
                         11            47                 6            27                13           91                6           14                  3
                         27            35                23            13                29           85               15            1                 11
                         34            23                29             7                36           96                1           34                  1
                         31            21                31            12                30           81               18            2                  9
                         26            30                25            17                22           96                2           m
                         21            38                20            17                24           74               22           m
                         18            42                15            27                14           74               23            n
                         14            40                18            28                10           90       3        9           m       3
                         37            17                35            10                33           45               28            n
                         10            45                 8            29                 9           92                5           m
                          5            41                16            41                 3           76               21            n

                         36            m    1                          m    1                         m        3                    m       3
                         38            12                36             9                35           m                             m
                         39             6   2            37             3   2            37           65               26           m
                                       m                               m                              m                             m
                         40            m    3                          m    3                         m                             m
                          1            55   4             4            44   4             2           m                             m
                         33            m    5                          m    5                         m                             m
                         41            m    3                          m    3                         m                             m
 21     37      21     22      20     82      18      9 *      7
        34             20             85               8 *
41             37             37             28              13
 4.3            6.1            3.1           44.8             0.7
54.0   57.01   63.1   41.93   45.0   51.60   96.4   33.19    33.9
   Table A2.2 - Col 12               Table A2.4 - 100 - Col 1             Table A3.1.- Col 1                    Table A3.1.- Col 3                    Table A3.1.- Col 7




                                      Students that do not
Average annual growth rate          complete upper secondary          Graduation rates in tertiary-         Graudation rates in tertiary-         Graduation rates in tertiary-
 between 1995 and 2009                 degrees within their            type A (all age groups)                  type A - women                     type B (all age groups)
                                       theoretical duration




                                                                         Net                                   Net                                   Net
  Upper
                         Rank                           Rank         graduation                 Rank       graduation                 Rank       graduation
secondary
                                                                        rates                                 rates                                 rates
              Note




                                               Note




                                                                                     Note




                                                                                                                           Note
          m                            m                                    48.5            1       5             57.1            1       6             15.8
          m                            m                                    29.3                   22             33.7                   23             10.1
          m                            m                                      m                                     m                                     m
          m                            30                       10          36.6            1      17             45.3            1      15             28.6
       2.9%                  3         m                                      m                                     m                                     m
       0.5%                 12         m                                    38.4                   14             48.2                   12              4.1
          m                            25                       12            m                                     m                                     m
       0.5%                 13         39                        7          47.3                       7          59.2                       5           8.5
       0.3%                 16         31                        9          44.0                       9          54.4                       8             n
          m                            m                                      m                                     m                                     m
          m          2                 m                                    28.5                   23             30.0                   25             13.8
          m                            m                                      m                                     m                                     m
          m                            32                        8          30.1                   21             39.8                   18              4.6
       0.8%                 10         55                        2          51.0                    2             69.5                    2              1.9
       2.3%                  4         13                       18          47.1                    8             55.4                    7             25.6
          m                            15                       16          37.4                   16             43.4                   17               m
       0.4%                 14         m                                    32.6                   19             38.9                   19              0.5
       0.3%                 15         m                                    40.4                   12             35.9                   21             26.2
       0.1%                 17         m                                      m                                     m                                     m
          m                            59                       1             m                                     m                                     m
       3.5%                     2      48                       3           19.4                   27             20.9                   26              1.4
          m                            m                                    41.8                   10             47.0                   13                n
       1.6%          2       5         41                        5          49.6                    4             59.7                    4             24.0
       1.2%                  9         43                        4          40.7                   11             52.5                   10              0.5
      -0.7%                 19         20                       15          50.2                    3             64.3                    3              0.1
       4.4%          3       1         m                                    40.0                   13             48.5                   11              0.6
      -0.4%                 18         21                       14          61.4                    1             81.1                    1              0.7
          m                            25                       11          26.8                   25             38.5                   20             26.5
       1.3%                     7      40                        6          27.4                   24             34.7                   22             15.3
       1.2%                     8      23                       13          36.2                   18             47.0                   14              6.0
          m                            m                                    30.5                   20             31.6                   24             18.9
       1.4%                     6      m                                    20.9                   26             19.2                   27             15.1
          m                            m                                    47.8                    6             53.8                    9             11.8
       0.7%                 11         15                       17          37.8                   15             44.5                   16             10.7

         m                              m                                      m                                     m                                     m
         m                              m                                      m                                     m                                     m
         m                              m                                      m                                     m                                     m
         m                              m                                      m                                     m                                     m
         m                              m                                      m                                     m                                     m
         m                              m                                      m                                     m                                     m
         m                              m                                      m                                     m                                     m
         m                              m                                      m                                     m                                     m
  m           32 *      9     38.6    14     46.5    15     10.4
  m            30 *           39.3           48.4            8.0
       19             18             27             27
       -1%            13.2           19.4           19.2
0.05    4%   46.29    59.5   41.97   61.4   61.88   81.1   28.47
                                                                                                         Table A3.2.- Col
    Table A3.1.- Col 7                   Table A3.3 - Col 11        Table A3.2.- Col 11/Col2*100                                        Table A4.1a.- max col (2-15)
                                                                                                          22/Col13*100




                                     Graduation rate in advanced Change in graduation rates in Change in graduation rates in
Graduation rates in tertiary-                                                                                                            upper secondary vocational
                                      research programmes (all tertiary-type A between 2000 tertiary-type B between 2000
 type B (all age groups)                                                                                                               graduates, by field of education
                                              students)                   and 2009                      and 2009




                                       Net
                          Rank       graduati               Rank                            Rank                          Rank         Most Boys
                                     on rates
               Note




                                                 Note




                                                                                 Note




                                                                                                               Note




                                                                                                                                                         Note
                      1       7           1.9           1       9         m             1                 m           1                                     1
                                                                                                                                     Engineering, manufacturing and construction 5
                             13           2.0                   8      191.1                       4      m                          Engineering, manufacturing and construction 4
                                          1.3           2      21         m             2                 m           2              Not known or unspecified 40.9%
                      1          1        1.2           1      22         m             1                 m           1              m                      1
                                          0.2           2      33         m             2                 m           2              m
                             17           1.4           2      17      277.8            2          1    89.3          2      10      Engineering, manufacturing and construction 6
                                          0.8                  27         m                               m                          Engineering, manufacturing and construction 8
                             14           1.6                  11      126.7                   13       86.6                 11      Engineering, manufacturing and construction 6
                                          2.5                   4      107.9                   18         m                          Engineering, manufacturing and construction 5
                                          1.5           2      15         m             2                 m           2              Engineering, manufacturing and construction 6
                             10           2.5                   5      154.7                       8   128.5                     7   Engineering, manufacturing and construction 5
                                           m                              m                               m                          m
                             16           0.9           2      26         m             2                 m           2              Engineering, manufacturing and construction 7
                             18           0.7                  29      155.2                       7    36.4                 12      Engineering, manufacturing and construction 6
                              4           1.4                  18      154.6                       9   172.0                  2      Not known or unspecified 59.9%
                                          1.3                  20         m                               m                          m
                             22            m                           171.6                    6         m                          m
                              3           1.1                  24      137.6                   11       90.9                     9   Engineering, manufacturing and construction 5
                                          1.2                  23         m                               m                          Engineering, manufacturing and construction 6
                                           m                              m                               m                          Engineering, manufacturing and construction 5
                             19           0.2                  32         m                               m                          m
                                          1.6                  10      119.1                   14         m                          Engineering, manufacturing and construction 3
                              5           1.4                  16       98.6                   19      144.1                     4   Engineering, manufacturing and construction 2
                             23           1.6                  12      108.9                   17         m                          Engineering, manufacturing and construction 7
                             24           0.8                  28      145.8                   10         m                          Engineering, manufacturing and construction 6
                             21           2.7                   3      171.9                    5        7.3                 14      m
                             20           2.2           2       6         m             2               31.9          2      13      Engineering, manufacturing and construction 6
                              2           1.5                  14         m                               m                          Engineering, manufacturing and construction 5
                              8           1.0                  25       94.1                   20      192.6                     1   Engineering, manufacturing and construction 4
                             15           3.0                   2      128.6                   12      141.6                     5   Engineering, manufacturing and construction 6
                              6           3.4                   1      257.3                    2      132.8                     6   Engineering, manufacturing and construction 5
                              9           0.4           2      31      237.8            2       3         m           2              Engineering, manufacturing and construction 4
                             11           2.1                   7      114.0                   15      161.3                     3   m
                             12           1.6                  13      110.0                   16      126.8                     8   m

                                          0.1           1      34         m             1                 m           1              m
                                          0.4           2      30         m             2                 m           2              m
                                           m                              m                               m                          m
                                           m                              m                               m                          m
                                          0.1                  35         m                               m                          Social sciences, business and law 49.1%
                                          1.4           2      19         m             2                 m           2              m
                                           m                              m                               m                          m
                                           m                              m                               m                          m
 13     1.5    15    135.5     12    104.3      9 Engineering, manufacturing and constructio
        1.7          144.2           115.7
24            35              20              14
 0.1           0.1            94.1             7.3
28.6   3.35    3.4           277.8           192.6
                           Cntry     Table A4.1a.- max col (17 -   Cntry                                      Cntry
4.1a.- max col (2-15)                                                            Table A4.3b.- max                          Table A5.1- Col 25
                            row                 30)                 row                                        row




                                    upper secondary vocational
econdary vocational                                                         tertiary graduates, by field of
                                       graduates, by field of                                                          Reading performance (2009)
s, by field of education                                                               education
                                            education




                                      Most                                  most in
                    Rank                                  Rank                                     Rank               Reading score          Rank
                                      Girls                                  2009
                                                 Note




                                                                                          Note




                                                                                                                                      Note
                .               6                     1
                                    Health and welfare 32.3%             6 Social sciences, business and law 42.2%
                                                                                             1                  6            514.9                6
                .               7                                        7                                      7
                                    Social sciences, business and law 33% Social sciences, business and law 37.6%            470.3               31
                .               8   Not known or unspecified 44.2%                                              8
                                                                         8 Social sciences, business and law 37.7%           505.9                8
                                9   m                 1                                      1
                                                                         9 Social sciences, business and law 37%9            524.2                3
                               10   m                                                                         10
                                                                       10 Social sciences, business and law 31.9%            449.4               34
                .              11                                      11 Social sciences, business and law 34.2%
                                    Social sciences, business and law 35.6%                                   11             478.2               27
                .              13   Services 42.2%                                                            13
                                                                       13 Social sciences, business and law 35.6%            501.0               10
                .              12   Health and welfare 46%             12 Health and welfare 27.9%            12             494.9               19
                .              14   Health and welfare 28.5%                                                  14
                                                                       14 Social sciences, business and law 23.9%            535.9                2
                .              15                                      15 Social sciences, business and law 42.2%
                                    Social sciences, business and law 34.4%                                   15             495.6               18
                .              16                                      16 Humanities, arts and education30.8%16
                                    Social sciences, business and law 52.7%                                                  497.3               16
                               17   m                                  17 m                                   17             482.8               25
                .              18   Services 37.7%                                                            18
                                                                       18 Social sciences, business and law 38.6%            494.2               21
                .              19                                                                             19
                                    Humanities, arts and education27.4%19 Social sciences, business and law 40.6%            500.3               13
                .              20   Not known or unspecified 42.9%                                            20
                                                                       20 Social sciences, business and law 31.7%            495.6               17
                               21   m                                                                         21
                                                                       21 Social sciences, business and law 42.8%            474.0               29
                               22   m                                  22 m                                   22             486.1               23
                .              23                                      23 Social sciences, business and law 34%
                                    Social sciences, business and law 41.3%                                   23             519.9                5
                .              24   Humanities, arts and education30.9%24 Humanities, arts and education28.9%24              539.3                1
                .              25                                      25 m
                                    Social sciences, business and law 52.2%                                   25             472.2               30
                               26   m                                                                         26
                                                                       26 Social sciences, business and law 43%              425.3               35
                .              27   Health and welfare 46.5%                                                  27
                                                                       27 Social sciences, business and law 37.3%            508.4                7
                .              28                                      28 Social sciences, business and law 36.2%
                                    Social sciences, business and law 39.2%                                   28             520.9                4
                .              29   Health and welfare 49.1%                                                  29
                                                                       29 Social sciences, business and law 28.3%            503.2                9
                .              30   Services 42.5%                                                            30
                                                                       30 Social sciences, business and law 44.1%            500.5               12
                               31   m                                                                         31
                                                                       31 Social sciences, business and law 29.6%            489.3               22
                .              32                                      32 Social sciences, business and law 31.9%
                                    Social sciences, business and law 37.9%                                   32             477.4               28
                .              33                                      33 Social sciences, business and law 50.3%
                                    Social sciences, business and law 41.8%                                   33             483.1               24
                .              34                                                                             34
                                    Humanities, arts and education34.2%34 Social sciences, business and law 27.4%            481.0               26
                .              35   Humanities, arts and education33.3%35 Health and welfare 27.8%            35             497.4               15
                .              36                                      36 Social sciences, business and law 36.5%
                                    Social sciences, business and law 47.4%                                   36             500.5               11
                .              37   Not known or unspecified 22.6%                                            37
                                                                       37 Social sciences, business and law 41%              464.2               32
                               38   m                                                                         38
                                                                       38 Social sciences, business and law 33.8%            494.2               20
                               39   m                                                                         39
                                                                       39 Social sciences, business and law 40.1%            499.8               14

                               44   m                                  44                                      44
                                                                            Social sciences, business and law 48.8%          398.3               38
                               45   m                                  45                                      45
                                                                            Social sciences, business and law 35.1%          411.8               36
                               46   m                                  46   m                                  46               m
                               47   m                                  47   m                                  47               m
                .              48                                      48
                                    Social sciences, business and law 49%   m                                  48            401.7               37
                               49   m                                  49                                      49
                                                                            Social sciences, business and law 50.8%          459.4               33
                               50   m                                  50   m                                  50               m
                               51   m                                  51   m                                  51               m
                                           29.8%                               35.2%
      41 Social sciences, business and law41 Social sciences, business and law41        493.4       22
                                                                                          492 *
0                               0                                   0                              38
0.0                             0.0                                 0.0                           398.3
0.0                             0.0                                 0.0                141.01     539.3
       Table A5.2- Col 1                  Table A5.2- Col 5                 Table A5.2- Col 9              Table A5.2- Col 25            Table A5.3- Col 5


                                                                                                           Difference in reading
                                                                                                       performance between native     Percentage of resilient
   Relation between reading           Relation between reading          Relation between reading
                                                                                                        students and students with students and disadvantag
   performance and students           performance and students          performance and students
                                                                                                        an immigrant background,     low achievers among a
  immigrant status (2009) (%)        immigrant status (2009) (%)       immigrant status (2009) (%)
                                                                                                        after accounting for socio-      students (2009)
                                                                                                          economic background


                                                                      Second-
                                   First-
Native                                                                generati
                           Rank    generation                 Rank                         Rank         2009               Rank      Boys
students                                                                 on
                                   students
                 Note




                                                     Note




                                                                                  Note




                                                                                                                   Note
                                                                      students


            77                34                12                6        11                      3        -11                 30         6
            85                30                10                8         5                     15         37                  9         3
            85                29                 8               13         7                      8         41                  7         6
            76                36                14                3        11                      4          3                 27         8
            99                 5                 0               35         0                     31          c                            5
            98                11                 1               24         1                     29         17                 22         4
            92                19                 7               14         1                     30         34                 12         6
            91                21                 6               17         3                     22         36                 10         4
            97                13                 1               26         1                     25         60                  4         8
            87                28                10                9         3                     20         30                 15         5
            82                31                12                7         6                     12         27                 17         4
            91                22                 3               20         6                     11         35                 11         4
            98                10                 1               28         1                     27        -11                 29         4
            98                12                 0               31         2                     23         61                  3         5
            92                20                 1               23         7                      9         33                 13         6
            80                33                13                5         7                      7        -17                 31         3
            94                16                 1               25         4                     16         53                  5         5
           100                 4                 0               34         0                     35          c                            9
           100                 1                 0               36         c                                 c                           12
            60                38                24                1        16                      2         19                 21         3
            98                 9                 1               29         1                     28         85                  2         5
            88                27                 9               10         3                     18         14                 25         7
            75                37                 8               11        17                      1         14                 26         7
            93                17                 4               19         3                     19         33                 14         4
           100                 2                 c                          0                     37          c                            6
            95                15                 3               21         3                     21         24                 18         7
            99                 7                 0               33         0                     34          c                            4
            92                18                 6               16         1                     26         24                 19         3
            91                23                 1               27         8                      5         44                  6         8
            88                25                 8               12         4                     17         40                  8         5
            76                35                15                2         8                      6         28                 16         6
            99                 6                 0               32         0                     36          c                           10
            89                24                 6               18         5                     14         14                 24         5
            81                32                13                4         6                     10         -9                 28         6

            96                14                2                22         1                     24        16                  23          2
            99                 8                1                30         0                     32        94                   1          3
            m                                   m                           m                               m                               m
            m                                   m                           m                               m                               m
           100                 3                c                           0                     33         c                              4
            88                26                7                15         5                     13        20                  20          3
            m                                   m                           m                               m                               m
            m                                   m                           m                               m                               m
  90       24       6      17       5      16       27       18       6
  90 *              6 *             4 *             30 *              5
          38              36              37                31
          59.8             0.0             0.0             -16.8
40.14    100.0   24.02    24.0   16.63    16.7   110.80     94.0   10.51
    Table A5.3- Col 5             Table A5.3- Col 3             Table A6.2.- Col 1           Table A6.2.- Col 23             Table A7.3a- Col 13, 2nd Row




   Percentage of resilient      Percentage of resilient
students and disadvantaged   students and disadvantaged    Students who do not read for   Change between 2000 and        proportion of 25-64 year-olds population
  low achievers among all      low achievers among all           enjoyment (%)                     2009                               in employment
      students (2009)              students (2009)




                                                                                                                            Upper
                   Rank       Girls              Rank        2009                Rank                         Rank       secondary
                                                                                                                         attainment
            Note




                                          Note




                                                                         Note




                                                                                                       Note
                        11         9                  17          36.7               23        -3.6                15            80.2
                        32         6                  36          50.0                1          m                               77.6
                        14        10                  16          44.4                5        -2.2                12            74.0
                         5        12                   7          31.1               31         1.6                 4            73.7
                        22         7                  31          39.7               15       -13.4                28            69.2
                        30         7                  30          43.0                7       -16.7                29            75.1
                        10        11                   9          38.6               19          m                               71.6
                        24         7                  28          33.6               27        -6.9                17            79.7
                         4        14                   2          33.0               28       -10.7                26            74.8
                        19        10                  13          38.8               18        -8.8                23            76.5
                        25         7                  32          41.3               11         0.5                 7            75.5
                        26        10                  15          17.5               37         4.5                 2            68.4
                        28         9                  23          25.5               32         0.6                 6            67.0
                        20        10                  14          38.0               21        -8.2                21            82.6
                        16         9                  19          41.9                9        -8.5                22            69.1
                        33         8                  25          34.5               25         2.5                 3            69.0
                        17        11                  10          33.9               26        -3.3                14            73.1
                         3        12                   5          44.2                6        10.9                 1            73.1
                         1        16                   1          38.5               20        -8.0                19            69.6
                        35         7                  35          48.2                3          m                               70.2
                        17         9                  22          23.8               33       -10.2                25            71.9
                         7         9                  21          48.6                2          m                               81.7
                         7        12                   6          31.3               30        -1.4                10            82.4
                        27         9                  20          40.0               13        -4.6                16            83.1
                        13        13                   4          32.2               29        -8.0                20            66.3
                         9        13                   3          35.2               24       -16.8                30            80.1
                        31         7                  34          40.9               12          m                               72.0
                        37         9                  18          39.8               14          m                               74.6
                         6        11                  11          39.6               16        -7.9                18            70.6
                        23         8                  27          37.3               22        -1.3                 8            81.3
                        15        10                  12          44.6                4        -9.5                24            81.7
                         2        12                   8          22.9               34          m                               58.3
                        21         7                  33          39.6               17          m                               78.3
                        12         9                  24          42.0                8        -1.3                  9           68.9

                        38            4               38          41.7               10       -12.4                27              m
                        34            7               29          21.8               35        -2.5                13            77.4
                                      m                             m                            m                                 m
                                      m                             m                            m                                 m
                        28            8               26          12.1               38         1.3                 5              m
                        36            6               37          21.4               36        -1.9                11              m
                                      m                             m                            m                                 m
                                      m                             m                            m                                 m
     15      10      14     37.4      22     -5.0       17     74.2
*             9 *             38 *             -6 *            74.2
    38              38               38                30
     1.6             3.8             12.1             -16.8
    12.1   12.49    16.3   37.88     50.0   27.69      10.9   24.80
    Table A7.3a- Col 13, 2nd Row           Table A7.3a- Col 13, 3nd Row    Table A7.4a- Col 13, 1st Row   Table A7.4a- Col 13, 2nd Row   Table A7.4a- Col 13, 3rd Row




                                                                           25-64 year-olds unemployed as 25-64 year-olds unemployed as 25-64 year-olds unemployed as
proportion of 25-64 year-olds population   proportion of 25-64 year-olds
                                                                             a percentage of the labour    a percentage of the labour    a percentage of the labour
             in employment                  population in employment
                                                                                        force                         force                         force




                                            Tertiary                       Below upper                      Upper
                                 Rank                             Rank                           Rank                          Rank       Tertiary
                                           attainment                       secondary                     secondary
                    Note




                                                          Note




                                                                                          Note




                                                                                                                        Note
                                      7             84                17             7               26           4.1               28           3.3
                                     11             87                 9             8               20           3.6               31           2.2
                                     18             84                18            12               12           6.5               18           3.8
                                     19             82                26            13               11           8.1               10           5.3
                                     28             78                33             6               28           7.4               14           7.7
                                     15             84                16            22                4           5.4               25           2.2
                                     24             83                22            24                2          14.8                2           6.3
                                      9             87                 7             7               25           5.0               26           3.9
                                     16             84                15            10               18           7.7               11           4.0
                                     13             84                20            12               13           7.0               17           5.0
                                     14             86                10            17                6           7.5               13           3.4
                                     32             82                24             9               19           9.2                7           6.7
                                     33             79                32            21                5           8.2                8           3.5
                                      2             88                 4             7               24           5.8               22           3.9
                                     29             82                25            15                8          11.3                4           6.1
                                     30             82                23            11               14           7.7               12           5.2
                                     20             79                31             8               21           5.6               23           5.1
                                     21             80                30            m                             5.9               20           3.6
                                     27             76                34             3               34           3.7               30           3.5
                                     26             85                13             6               29           3.4               32           3.7
                                     23             82                27             4               33           4.2               27           4.4
                                      4             88                 6             4               32           2.7               34           2.0
                                      3             84                19             6               27           3.9               29           3.3
                                      1             90                 1             5               31           1.7               35           1.4
                                     34             85                12            14                9           7.2               15           3.6
                                      8             87                 8            10               15           8.2                9           5.6
                                     22             83                21            38                1          10.0                5           3.9
                                     17             88                 3             8               22           5.6               24           3.1
                                     25             81                28            22                3          15.4                1           9.0
                                      6             88                 5            10               16           6.2               19           4.3
                                      5             90                 2             7               23           3.2               33           2.7
                                     35             74                35            13               10          12.6                3           9.2
                                     10             84                14            10               17           5.8               21           3.5
                                     31             81                29            16                7           9.8                6           4.9

                                                    m                                m                             m                              m
                                     12             86                11             6               30           7.2               16           3.5
                                                    m                                m                             m                              m
                                                    m                                m                             m                              m
                                                    m                                m                             m                              m
                                                    m                                m                             m                              m
                                                    m                                m                             m                              m
                                                    m                                m                             m                              m
 18      84     20      12     14      6.8    18     4.4
         84             13             7.3           4.3
35             35             34             35
58.3           73.6            3.0            1.7
83.1   16.67   90.2   35.37   38.3   13.69   15.4   7.79
                                Table A7.3a - Cols 13/4*100, Table A7.3a - Cols 13/4*100, Table A7.3a - Cols 13/4*100,
Table A7.4a- Col 13, 3rd Row                                                                                              Table A8.1 Col 13, 1st Row
                                          1st Row                     2nd Row                       3rd Row




25-64 year-olds unemployed as                                                                                            Relative earnings of employed
  a percentage of the labour                                    Change in employment rates                                  population with tertiary
             force                                                                                                       education, ISCED3 and 4=100




                                 below
                                                                  upper
                                  upper
                      Rank                           Rank       secondar           Rank      tertiary          Rank         Men                Rank
                                secondar
                                                                    y
               Note




                                            Note




                                                                            Note




                                                                                                        Note




                                                                                                                                        Note
                                    y


                          29        109                   2         105                  3       102                5             144   2009        21
                          32        104                  11         104                  4        99               16             153   2009        19
                          19         95                  21          99                 19        99               19             134   2009        29
                           8        101                  13          97                 22        99               18             143   2008        22
                           3         m                               m                            m                                m
                          33         94                  24          99                 17        97               23             201   2009         4
                           5         m                               m                            m                               142   2009        23
                          16        104                   9          98                 20        99               20             136   2009        26
                          15         99                  16         100                 14       100               14             159   2008        13
                          11         99                  17         101                 11       101               12             154   2009        16
                          27        109                   3         107                  1       104                1             154   2009        15
                           4        104                  10         106                  2       102                7             153   2009        17
                          23        104                   8          93                 26        96               26             247   2009         2
                          18         88                  26          93                 27        93               30              m
                           6         82                  29          90                 30        94               28             162   2009        12
                           9         m                               m                            m                               162   2009        11
                          10        105                     6       103                  7        97               21             162   2008        10
                          22         m                               99                 18       101               10             139   2007        24
                          24         96                  20         101                 10       101                9             126   2008        32
                          20        106                   5          94                 25       101                8             171   2009         9
                          13        102                  12         102                  9        99               17              m
                          34        110                   1         103                  6       102                3             156   2008        14
                          28        107                   4         103                  5       102                2             127   2009        31
                          35        100                  15         101                 12       100               13             133   2008        30
                          21         97                  19         100                 15       101               11             188   2008         7
                           7         95                  22          96                 24        96               25             172   2009         8
                          17         98                  18         102                  8        97               22             192   2009         5
                          30         m                               m                            m                               208   2009         3
                           2        100                  14          98                 21       102                4             135   2008        27
                          14         94                  23         100                 16       102                6             134   2009        28
                          31        105                   7         100                 13        99               15             138   2008        25
                           1         87                  27          91                 28        94               29             153   2005        18
                          26         87                  28          97                 23        96               24             151   2009        20
                          12         91                  25          90                 29        95               27             190   2009         6

                                      m                               m                             m                              m
                          25          m                               m                             m                             275   2009           1
                                      m                               m                             m                              m
                                      m                               m                             m                              m
                                      m                               m                             m                              m
                                      m                               m                             m                              m
                                      m                               m                             m                              m
                                      m                               m                             m                              m
 13    97     20    98     21    99     19      159       14
       98           99           99             165 *
35           29           30           30                32
 1.4         82.4         89.8         93.0             125.8
 9.2        110.4        107.3        103.6   149.36    275.2
 Table A8.1 Col 13, 2nd Row       Table A8.1 Col 13, 3rd Row         Table A8.1 Col 1, 3rd Row        Table A9.1- Col 10 upper Table




                                                                                           Private net present value in USD
Relative earnings of employed Relative earnings of employed Relative earnings of employed
                                                                                           for an individual obtaining upper
   population with tertiary      population with tertiary    population with below upper
                                                                                          secondary or post-secondary non-
education, ISCED3 and 4=100 education, ISCED3 and 4=100         secondary education
                                                                                                   tertiary education




                                  Men +                            25-64 Men +
  Women               Rank                             Rank                              Rank           Man                  Rank
                                  women                              women
               Note




                                               Note




                                                                                  Note




                                                                                                                    Note
        148   2009        22             135   2009        26               81    2009           11       84 479    2005               8
        158   2009        17             155   2009        14               65    2009           30      123 931    2007               3
        135   2009        28             131   2009        27               91    2009            3            -
        147   2008        23             140   2008        24               80    2008           14       85 382    2007               7
         m                                m                                 m                                 m
        166   2009         9             188   2009         4               71    2009           23       90 722    2007               6
        162   2009        11             137   2009        25               91    2009            2           m
        125   2009        31             127   2009        30               81    2009            9       61 352    2007            13
        145   2008        24             147   2008        21               93    2008            1       27 416    2007            21
        144   2009        25             146   2009        22               85    2009            5       44 544    2007            16
        154   2009        20             157   2009        13               87    2009            4       37 908    2007            17
        163   2009        10             151   2009        17               76    2009           19           m
        185   2009         3             211   2009         2               71    2009           22       35 808    2007            18
         m                                m                                 m                                 m
        171   2009         7             164   2009         9               83    2009            6       75 191    2006               9
        159   2009        16             154   2009        16               80    2009           12           m
        142   2008        26             150   2008        18               79    2008           15       71 717    2006            11
        161   2007        14             148   2007        20               80    2007           13            -
        141   2008        27             131   2008        28               69    2008           26            -
        160   2009        15             162   2009        10               66    2009           29           m
         m                                m                                 m                                 m
        162   2008        12             159   2008        12               81    2008           10            -
        123   2009        32             118   2009        32               79    2009           16       72 251    2007            10
        133   2008        29             127   2008        29               78    2008           18      111 251    2007             4
        161   2008        13             167   2008         8               83    2008            7       34 910    2006            20
        171   2009         8             169   2009         7               68    2009           27      109 618    2006             5
        177   2009         4             184   2009         5               66    2009           28           m
        185   2009         2             191   2009         3               73    2009           21       61 921    2007            12
        156   2008        19             141   2008        23               78    2008           17       52 987    2007            15
        127   2009        30             126   2009        31               83    2009            8       60 477    2007            14
        156   2008        18             154   2008        15               74    2008           20           m
        154   2005        21             149   2005        19               69    2005           25       35 082    2005            19
        176   2009         5             159   2009        11               70    2009           24      150 982    2006             2
        173   2009         6             179   2009         6               64    2009           31      201 745    2007             1

         m                                m                                 m                                  m
        263   2009            1          256   2009            1            53    2009           32            m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
  156       20      153       17      77      19       77 604           9
  158 *             158 *             78 *              69299 *
           32                32              32                       21
          122.8             117.8            52.9                  27416.3
140.05    262.8   138.63    256.4   40.09    93.0   174328.53     201744.8
  Table A9.1- Col 10 lower table        Table A9.3- Col 9 upper table         Table A9.3 - Col 9 lower table          Table A9.4- Col 8 upper table




Private net present value in USD for
                                     Private net present value in USD        Private net present value in USD       Public net present value in USD for
    an individual obtaining upper
                                     for an individual obtaining tertiary    for an individual obtaining tertiary     an individual obtaining tertiary
 secondary or post-secondary non-
                                                  education                               education                              education
          tertiary education




   woman                   Rank           Man                   Rank           woman                    Rank           Man
                 Note




                                                       Note




                                                                                              Note




                                                                                                                                   Note
      43 586    2005               15      100 520    2005              19       111 078     2005              11       84 532     2005
      68 461    2007                9      173 522    2007              12       112 121     2007               9       89 705     2007
           -                               115 464    2005              17       102 183     2005              14      167 241     2005
      80 138    2007               6       175 670    2007              11       107 088     2007              12       79 774     2007
          m                                     m                                     m                                     m
      86 760    2007               4       240 449    2007              6        134 529     2007               7       81 307     2007
          m                                     m                                     m                                     m
      54 366    2007               11       55 946    2007              25        51 555     2007              23       28 621     2007
       6 283    2007               21      135 515    2007              16        76 394     2007              20      100 177     2007
      35 998    2007               17      144 133    2007              14        94 206     2007              15       63 701     2007
      19 910    2007               20      147 769    2007              13        84 732     2007              17      168 649     2007
          m                                     m                                     m                                     m
      40 678    2007               16      230 098    2007              7         86 195     2007              16      166 872     2007
          m                                     m                                     m                                     m
     155 740    2006               2       253 947    2006              5        202 664     2006               2       85 917     2006
          m                                     m                                     m                                     m
      72 042    2006               8       311 966    2006               3        55 301     2006              22       82 932     2006
           -                               143 018    2007              15       104 812     2007              13       67 411     2007
           -                               300 868    2007               4       190 077     2007               3       89 034     2007
          m                                     m                                     m                                     m
          m                                     m                                     m                                     m
           -                               112 928    2006              18        62 777     2006              21       95 030     2006
      21 044    2007               19       74 457    2007              22        43 560     2007              24       46 482     2007
      46 026    2007               13       92 320    2007              21        82 235     2007              18       61 507     2007
      45 781    2006               14      215 125    2006               9       129 717     2006               8       94 125     2006
      91 153    2006                3      373 851    2006               1       210 968     2006               1       89 464     2006
          m                                     m                                     m                                     m
      60 879    2007               10      225 663    2007               8       167 020     2007               4      155 664     2007
      81 246    2007                5       95 320    2007              20       112 016     2007              10       29 582     2007
      46 253    2007               12       62 481    2007              24        35 256     2007              25       37 542     2007
          m                                     m                                     m                                     m
      33 223    2005               18       64 177    2005              23        80 466     2005              19       21 724     2005
      76 538    2006                7      207 653    2006              10       155 432     2006               6       95 322     2006
     157 623    2007                1      323 808    2007               2       157 793     2007               5      193 584     2007

           m                                     m                                      m                                     m
           m                                     m                                      m                                     m
           m                                     m                                      m                                     m
           m                                     m                                      m                                     m
           m                                     m                                      m                                     m
           m                                     m                                      m                                     m
           m                                     m                                      m                                     m
           m                                     m                                      m                                     m
   63 035          10      175 067          12      110 007          12       91 036
    62806 *                 182461 *                 110180 *                  95991 *
                  21                       25                       25
                6283.3                  55945.8                  35255.7
151339.24     157622.6   317905.20     373851.0   175712.58     210968.3   171859.72
                                                                          Table A10.1- Col 1 3rd Row -        Table A10.1- Col 3 3rd Row -
ble A9.4- Col 8 upper table         Table A9.4- Col 8 lower table                                                                                  Table A10.1- Col 1 3rd Row
                                                                                OECD average                        OECD average




net present value in USD for        Public net present value in USD
                                                                        Annual labour cost of 25-64 year Annual labour cost of 25-64 year          Annual labour cost of 25-64
ndividual obtaining tertiary       for an individual obtaining tertiary
                                                                                 old population                   old population                      year old population
      education                                 education




                                                                         Below upper                                                              Below upper
                    Rank             woman                  Rank                                Rank        Tertiary                Rank
                                                                         secondary                                                                secondary
                                                  Note




                                                                                        Note




                                                                                                                           Note
                              14        52 490                      12         11365    2009           11          10877   2009              13         49269
                              10        61 943    2007               9         15900    2009            9          39859   2009               2         53804
                               3       129 970    2005               1         16262    2009            8          14028   2009              11         54166
                              17        46 218    2007              15          4049    2008           14            236   2008              17         41953
                                            m                                     m                                   m                                    m
                              16        61 193    2007              10        -22626    2009           25         -22344   2009              19         15278
                                            m                                 -24757    2009           26         -48163   2009              28         13147
                              24       -42 598    2007              25         26921    2009            2          21076   2009               7         64825
                               6        33 185    2007              17         18784    2009            7           9250   2009              14         56688
                              19        27 220    2007              20          6783    2006           13           5807   2006              15         44687
                               2        84 692    2007               7         12784    2009           10          19532   2009               9         50688
                                            m                                 -16688    2009           21         -27657   2009              23         21216
                              4        116 539    2007              3         -27543    2009           28         -37474   2009              27         10361
                                            m                                   3158    2006           15           3137   2006              16         41062
                              13       108 091    2006              5          18805    2009            6          31558   2009               4         56709
                                            m                                 -18628    2009           22         -28428   2009              24         19276
                              15        46 176    2006              16         10167    2008           12          20224   2008               8         48071
                              18        21 414    2007              21            m                                   m                                    m
                              12        50 549    2007              13        -16641    2008           20         -26138   2008              22         21263
                                            m                                  20633    2009            5          68393   2009               1         58537
                                            m                                     m                                   m                                    m
                               8        49 639    2006              14         21997    2008            4          38629   2008               3         59900
                              21        14 038    2007              23         -7951    2009           19         -24320   2009              21         29953
                              20        19 036    2007              22         30164    2007            1          29568   2007               5         68068
                               9        59 427    2006              11        -31345    2006           29         -49411   2006              29          6559
                              11       112 837    2006               4        -22207    2009           24         -28433   2009              25         15697
                                            m                                 -24831    2009           27         -35459   2009              26         13073
                               5       123 439    2007               2        -20725    2009           23         -22554   2009              20         17179
                              23        31 075    2007              18         -6616    2008           18         -16866   2008              18         31288
                              22       -17 344    2007              24         22842    2008            3          16654   2008              10         60746
                                            m                                     m                                   m                                    m
                              25        28 006    2005              19            m                                   m                                    m
                               7        79 058    2006               8          2145    2009           16          13199   2009              12         40049
                               1        89 551    2007               6         -2203    2009           17          25220   2009               6         35701

                                             m                                     m                                   m                                    m
                                             m                                     m    2009                           m   2009                             m
                                             m                                     m                                   m                                    m
                                             m                                     m                                   m                                    m
                                             m                                     m                                   m                                    m
                                             m                                     m                                   m                                    m
                                             m                                     m                                   m                                    m
                                             m                                     m                                   m                                    m
     10       55 434          12           0        17           0         18      37904
               62620 *                  -158                   469                 37746
    25                       25                    29                     29
 21724.3                 -42598.1              -31345.1               -49410.6
193584.0   172568.24     129970.1   61508.82    30163.7   117803.36    68392.8   61508.82
Table A10.1- Col 1 3rd Row        Table A10.1- Col 3 3rd Row




Annual labour cost of 25-64     Annual labour cost of 25-64 year
   year old population                   old population




                     Rank      Tertiary                 Rank
              Note




                                               Note




              2009        11          78520    2009            13
              2009         9         107502    2009             2
              2009         8          81671    2009            11
              2008        14          67880    2008            17
                                         m
              2009        25          45300    2009            19
              2009        26          19480    2009            28
              2009         2          88720    2009             7
              2009         7          76893    2009            14
              2006        13          73450    2006            15
              2009        10          87175    2009             9
              2009        21          39987    2009            23
              2009        28          30169    2009            27
              2006        15          70780    2006            16
              2009         6          99201    2009             4
              2009        22          39216    2009            24
              2008        12          87867    2008             8
                                         m
              2008        20          41506    2008            22
              2009         5         136036    2009             1
                                         m
              2008         4         106273    2008             3
              2009        19          43323    2009            21
              2007         1          97211    2007             5
              2006        29          18233    2006            29
              2009        24          39210    2009            25
              2009        27          32185    2009            26
              2009        23          45089    2009            20
              2008        18          50777    2008            18
              2008         3          84297    2008            10
                                         m
                                         m
              2009        16          80843    2009            12
              2009        17          92863    2009             6

                                          m
              2009                        m    2009
                                          m
                                          m
                                          m
                                          m
                                          m
                                          m
    17       67643         18
             68112
   29                     29
 6558.7                18232.8
68067.6   117803.36   136036.2
Table 5. Chapter A Trends in output of educational institutions, selected values (all countries)
                                                                                  In first 5
                                                                                  In last 5

                           Table A1.2a - Col 2             Table A1.2a - Col 3            Table A1.2a - Col 4             Table A1.2a - Col 5



                                                          Population with at least upper secondary education




                         25-34                 Rank       35-44                Rank       45-54                Rank       55-64
                                        Note




                                                                        Note




                                                                                                        Note




                                                                                                                                        Note
OECD countries
Australia                        83               24              73              27              67              23              58
Austria                          88               11              85              13              80              12              72
Belgium                          83               23              78              20              67              24              54
Canada                           92                6              91               8              87               7              80
Chile                            86               19              75              26              66              25              43
Czech Republic                   94                3              94               1              91               2              86
Estonia                          86               14              92               5              93               1              83
Denmark                          86               18              81              18              71              21              68
Finland                          90                9              88              10              84              11              67
France                           84               20              77              23              64              27              55
Germany                          86               15              87              12              86               9              83
Greece                           75               28              69              29              57              29              40
Hungary                          86               16              83              17              80              13              72
Iceland                          70               30              71              28              64              28              57
Ireland                          86               17              77              22              65              26              48
Israel                           87               13              84              15              78              15              74
Italy                            70               29              58              31              50              30              37
Japan                            m                                m                               m                               m
Korea                            98                1              94               3              71              20              43
Luxembourg                       84               21              79              19              74              17              70
Mexico                           42               34              37              33              32              33              21
Netherlands                      82               25              78              21              71              19              63
New Zealand                      79               27              75              25              70              22              62
Norway                           84               22              83              16              77              16              79
Poland                           93                4              92               6              88               6              77
Portugal                         48               33              31              34              22              35              14
Slovak Republic                  95                2              94               2              90               3              83
Slovenia                         93                5              85              14              80              14              74
Spain                            64               31              58              30              46              31              30
Sweden                           91                7              91               7              85              10              76
Switzerland                      90               10              88               9              86               8              83
Turkey                           42               35              28              35              25              34              19
United Kingdom                   82               26              76              24              72              18              64
United States                    88               12              88              11              89               5              89
Other G20
Argentina                        m                                m                               m                               m
Brazil                           53               32              42              32              34              32              25
China                            m                                m                               m                               m
India                            m                                m                               m                               m
Indonesia                        m                                m                               m                               m
Russian Federation               91 2                 8           94 2                4           89 2                4           71 2
Saudi Arabia                     m                                m                               m                               m
South Africa                     m                                m                               m                               m
OECD average                     81               27              77              23              71              22              61
Eu21 average                     83                               79                              72                              63
Nb countries                                     35                              35                              35
Min                                              41.6                            27.7                            21.9
Max                               56             97.5              67            94.4              71            92.9              75
Note:   * Average from available countries, not in EAG 2011
        All ranks are in descending order
Table A1.2a - Col 5          Table A1.3a - Col 12            Table A1.3a - Col 13               Table A1.3a - Col 14           Table A1.3a - Col 15



                                                                          Population with tertiary education




                Rank         25-34                Rank       35-44                 Rank        45-54                Rank       55-64                Rank
                                           Note




                                                                            Note




                                                                                                             Note




                                                                                                                                             Note
                       22            45               9              38                14              34               10             29               7
                       14            21              30              20                28              18               27             16              26
                       25            42              14              37                17              30               15             23              18
                        7            56               2              56                 2              45                2             41               4
                       27            35              24              24                26              20               25             17              23
                        2            20              32              15                33              16               29             11              31
                        3            37              21              36                18              38                7             33               6
                       17            45              10              39                11              28               18             26              15
                       18            39              19              44                 5              37                8             29               8
                       24            43              12              32                22              22               23             18              21
                        5            26              27              28                23              26               20             25              16
                       29            29              26              26                24              22               24             15              27
                       13            25              28              19                29              18               28             16              25
                       23            36              22              38                13              32               13             23              19
                       26            48               5              39                10              28               19             20              20
                       11            43              13              47                 4              45                3             45               1
                       30            20              34              15                30              12               33             10              32
                                     56               3              49                 3              45                4             27              12
                       28            63               1              44                 6              26               21             13              28
                       16            44              11              38                16              29               16             25              17
                       33            20              33              15                32              15               30             10              34
                       20            40              17              34                20              31               14             27              11
                       21            47               7              41                 8              38                6             34               5
                        8            47               6              40                 9              33               12             27              13
                        9            35              23              21                27              13               32             13              29
                       35            23              29              15                31              11               34              7              36
                        4            21              31              15                34              14               31             12              30
                       12            30              25              26                25              19               26             17              22
                       31            38              20              34                21              25               22             17              24
                       10            42              15              35                19              29               17             27              14
                        6            40              18              38                15              33               11             28              10
                       34            17              35              11                35              10               36             10              33
                       19            45               8              39                12              34                9             29               9
                        1            41              16              43                 7              40                5             41               3

                                     m     1                         m     1                           m     1                         m     1
                       32            12              36              11                36              11               35              9              35
                                      6    2         37               5    2           37               3    2          37              3    2         37
                                     m                               m                                 m                               m
                                     m     3                         m     3                           m     3                         m     3
                       15            55    4             4           58    4              1            54    4             1           44    4             2
                                     m     5                         m     5                           m     5                         m     5
                                     m     3                         m     3                           m     3                         m     3
                       22            37              21              32                23              27               20             22              20
                                     34                              29                                24                              20
                      35                            37                                37                               37                             37
                      14.1                           6.1                               4.8                              3.0                            3.1
                      88.9            57            63.1              53              58.1              51             54.3             42            45.0
              4                                   7                             12                              15

Table A1.4 - Col 1 1st Row          Table A1.4 - Col 4 1st Row        Table A1.4 - Col 9 1st Row     Table A1.4 - Col 13 1st Row       Table A1.4 - Col 1 2nd Row



                                     25-64 population with below upper secondary education                                                                          25




  1997                   Rank         2000                   Rank       2005                Rank        2009                Rank          1997
                  Note




                                                      Note




                                                                                     Note




                                                                                                                     Note




                                                                                                                                                      Note
         47                  6               41                 11             35               9              29              12                29
         26                 15               24                 19             19              22              18              23                63
         45                  7               41                 10             34              11              29              11                30
         22                 18               19                 23             15              27              12              29                40
         m                                   m                                 m                               31               9                m
         15                 24               14                 29             10              32               9              34                74
         m                                   m                                 11              31              11              32                m
         m                                   21                 20             19              23              24              17                m
         32                 14               27                 18             21              19              18              24                39
         41                 10               37                 13             33              12              30              10                39
         17                 22               18                 24             17              25              15              26                61
         56                  4               51                  7             43               6              39               7                29
         37                 13               31                 17             24              17              19              20                51
         44                  8               45                  8             37               7              34               8                35
         50                  5               54                  6             35               8              28              13                27
         m                                   m                                 21              20              18              22                m
         m                                   58                  5             50               5              46               6                m
         20                 20               17                 25             m                               m                                 49
         38                 12               32                 16             24              16              20              19                42
         m                                   44                  9             34              10              23              18                m
         72                     2            71                  3             68               3              65               3                15
         m                                   35                 15             28              15              27              15                m
         40                 11               37                 14             32              14              28              14                33
         17                 21               15                 28             23              18              19              21                57
         23                 17               20                 22             15              26              12              30                67
         m                                   81                  1             74               1              70               1                m
         21                 19               16                 26             12              30               9              33                68
         m                                   m                                 20              21              17              25                m
         69                  3               62                  4             51               4              48               5                13
         25                 16               21                 21             17              24              14              27                54
         16                 23               16                 27             15              28              13              28                61
         79                  1               77                  2             72               2              69               2                13
         41                  9               37                 12             33              13              26              16                37
         14                 25               13                 30             12              29              11              31                52

         m                                   m                                 m                               m                                 m
         m                                   m                                 m                               59                  4             m
         m                                   m                                 m                               m                                 m
         m                                   m                                 m                               m                                 m
         m                                   m                                 m                               m                                 m
         m                                   m                                 m                               m                                 m
         m                                   m                                 m                               m                                 m
         m                                   m                                 m                               m                                 m
         36                 14               36                 15             30              15              27              15                43
         36                                  36                                29                              25                                46
                           25                                  30                             32                              34
                           14.1                                12.6                           10.1                             8.6
          65               79.0               68               80.6             63            73.5              61            70.1               62
ble A1.4 - Col 1 2nd Row    Table A1.4 - Col 4 2nd Row       Table A1.4 - Col 9 2nd Row     Table A1.4 - Col 13 2nd Row    Table A1.4 - Col 1 3rd Row



                            25-64 population with at least upper secondary education                                                                      25-64 population




                 Rank          2000               Rank          2005               Rank        2009               Rank        1997               Rank
                                           Note




                                                                            Note




                                                                                                           Note




                                                                                                                                          Note
                      20              31             25                33             27              34             28              24              8
                       4              62              4                63              4              63              4              11             21
                      19              31             24                35             25              37             24              25              7
                      13              41             16                39             20              38             22              37              1
                                      m                                m                              45             14              m
                        1             75                 1             77              1              76              1              11             22
                                      m                                56             10              53              9              m
                                      52             10                47             13              42             17              m
                      15              41             17                44             15              45             13              29              4
                      14              41             15                41             18              41             19              20             15
                       6              58              6                59              8              59              7              23             10
                      21              32             23                36             23              38             23              16             18
                      10              55              8                59              7              61              5              12             20
                      17              32             22                32             28              33             29              21             14
                      22              28             26                35             24              36             27              23              9
                                      m                                33             26              37             25              m
                                      33             21                38             21              40             21              m
                      11              49             12                60              6              56              8              31              3
                      12              44             13                44             16              41             18              20             16
                                      38             18                39             19              43             16              m
                      23              14             29                18             32              19             33              13             19
                                      41             14                42             17              41             20              m
                      18              34             20                29             29              32             30              27              5
                       7              57              7                45             14              44             15              26              6
                       3              69              3                68              3              67              3              10             24
                                      11             30                14             33              15             35              m
                        2             73              2                74              2              75              2              10             23
                                      m                                60              5              60              6              m
                      25              16             27                21             30              22             32              19             17
                       8              54              9                54             11              53             10              21             13
                       5              60              5                56              9              52             11              22             12
                      24              15             28                18             31              18             34               8             25
                      16              37             19                37             22              37             26              23             11
                       9              51             11                49             12              47             12              34              2
                                                                                                      m
                                      m                                m                              m                              m
                                      m                                m                              30             31              m
                                      m                                m                              m                              m
                                      m                                m                              m                              m
                                      m                                m                              m                              m
                                      m                                m                              m                              m
                                      m                                m                              m                              m
                                      m                                m                              m                              m
                      12              43             14                44             16              44             15              21             15
                                      45                               48                             48                             18
                    25                              30                               33                             35                             25
                    12.6                            10.5                             13.6                           15.2                            7.6
                    74.3              64            75.0               63            76.9             61            75.9             30            37.4
Table A1.4 - Col 4 3rd Row      Table A1.4 - Col 9 3rd Row      Table A1.4 - Col 13 3rd Row      Table A3.2 - Col 1            Table A3.2 - Col 2



     25-64 population with at least tertiary education                                                                         Graduation rates in tertia




                                                                                                            Note
   2000                Rank        2005               Rank         2009               Rank     1995                Rank       2000
                Note




                                               Note




                                                                               Note
           27              7              32              10              37              8           m                              36
           14             24              18              25              19             28           10               17            15
           27              8              31              12              33             16           m                              m
           40              1              46               1              50              1           27                  4          27
           m                              m                               24             23           m                              m
           11             26              13              30              16             31           13               16            14
           m                              33               8              36             11           m                              m
           26              9              34               7              34             15           25                7            37
           32              4              35               6              37              7           20               11            41
           22             18              25              21              29             21           m                              m
           23             14              25              22              26             22           14 1             15            18
           18             21              21              23              24             24           14               14            15
           14             23              17              26              20             27           m                              m
           23             16              31              13              33             19           20               10            33
           19             19              29              16              36             12           m                              30
           m                              46               2              45              2           m                              m
            9             28              12              32              15             33           m                              19
           34              3              40               3              44              3           25                  6          29
           24             13              32              11              39              6           m                              m
           18             20              27              20              35             14           m                              m
           15             22              14              29              16             29           m                              m
           23             15              30              14              33             18           29                  3          35
           29              5              39               5              40              5           33                  1          50
           28              6              33               9              37             10           26                  5          37
           11             25              17              27              21             26           m                              34
            9             29              13              31              15             32           15               13            23
           10             27              14              28              16             30           15               12            m
           m                              20              24              23             25           m                              m
           23             17              28              19              30             20           24 2              8            29
           25             11              29              17              33             17           24                9            28
           24             12              29              18              35             13            9               18            12
            8             30              10              33              13             34            6               19             9
           26             10              30              15              37              9           m                              42
           36              2              39               4              41              4           33                  2          34

           m                              m                               m                           m                              m
           m                              m                               11             35           m                              10
           m                              m                               m                           m                              m
           m                              m                               m                           m                              m
           m                              m                               m                           m                              m
           m                              m                               m                           m                              m
           m                              m                               m                           m                              m
           m                              m                               m                           m                              m
           22             19              27              20              30             20           20               12            28
           19                             24                              27                          18                             27
                         30                              33                             35                            19
                          8.3                            10.2                           10.9                           6.0
          32             40.1             36             46.1             39            49.5           27             32.7            41
Table A3.2 - Col 2            Table A3.2 - Col 7            Table A3.2 - Col 11            Table A3.2 - Col 12            Table A3.2 - Col 13



Graduation rates in tertiary type A education                                                                               Graduation rates in tertiary type B educat
         Note




                                          Note




                                                                         Note




                                                                                                        Note




                                                                                                                                      Note
                Rank         2005                Rank       2009                Rank       1995                Rank       2000               Rank



                       6            50               3             m                              m                              m
                      19            20              24             29              20             m                              m
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                      15            29              20             m                              m                              m
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                      21            23              23             38              13              6                  9           5              15
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                       5            46                  7          47                  6           8                  8          10               6
                       3            47                  4          44                  8          34                  1           7              10
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
         1            18            20 1            25             28 1            21             13 1             3             11 1             5
                      20            25              22             m                               5              12              6              13
                                    32              17             30              19             m                              m
                      10            56               1             51               2             10                  6           5              14
                      11            38              11             47               7             m                              15               3
                                    35              14             37              15             m                              m
                      17            41               9             33              17             m                               n
                      12            37              13             40              11             28                  2          29                 1
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                                    m                              19              25             m                              m
                       7            42               8             42               9             m                              m
                       1            51               2             50               4             12               5             17               2
                       4            41              10             41              10              6              11              6              12
                       8            47               5             50               3             m                              m
                      16            32              16             40              12              6              10              8               8
                                    30              18             61               1              1              14              2              17
                                    18              26             27              23             m                              m
         2            13            30 2            19             27 2            22              2 2            13              8 2             9
                      14            38              12             36              16             m                               4              16
                      22            27              21             31              18             13                  4          14               4
                      24            11              27             21              24             m                              m
                       2            47               6             48               5             m                               7              11
                       9            34              15             38              14              9                  7           8               7

                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                      23            m                              m                              m                              m
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                                    m                              m                              m                              m
                      14            35              14             38              14             11                  6          9                  7
                                    34                             39                              9                             7
                     24                            27                             25                             14                             17
                      8.8                          11.2                           19.4                            0.7                            2.2
                     50.3            45            56.3             42            61.4             33            34.1            27             28.8
                     Table A3.2 - Col 18             Table A3.2 - Col 22           Table C2.2 - Col 1             Table C2.2 - Col 2               Table C2.2 - Col 7



tion rates in tertiary type B education                                                                                  Entry rates in tertiary type A education
                                 Note




                                                                 Note
                    2005                  Rank       2009               Rank       1995                Rank       2000                Rank        2005




                                                                                                Note




                                                                                                                               Note




                                                                                                                                                               Note
                           m                                m                             m                              59               8              82
                            8                13             10              11            27              12             34              19              37
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               33
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               46
                            6                14              4              15            m                              25              25              41
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               54
                           10                    9           9              12            40                  6          52              10              57
                            n                                n                            39                  7          71               2              73
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           11 1               7             14 1               8          26    2         13             30    2         21              36    2
                           11                 6             m                             15              16             30              22              43
                            4                16              5              14            m                              64               7              68
                            4                17              2              16            38                  8          66               5              74
                           24                 2             26               3            m                              32              20              45
                           m                                m                             m                              48              11              55
                            n                                1              20            m                              39              17              56
                           27                    1          26               2            31              10             40              16              43
                           m                                m                             41               5             45              14              54
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           m                                 1              17            m                              27              24              30
                            n                                n                            44                  4          53               9              59
                           21                 4             24                 4          83                  1          95               1              79
                            2                19              n                            59                  2          67               3              73
                            n                                n                            36                  9          65               6              76
                            9                11              1              19            m                              m                               m
                            2                18              1              18            28              11             37              18              59
                           24                 3             26               1            m                              m                               40
                           14 2               5             15 2             6            m                              47              13              43
                            5                15              6              13            57               3             67               4              76
                            8                12             19               5            17              15             29              23              37
                           m                                15               7            18              14             21              26              27
                           11                 8             12               9            m                              47              12              51
                           10                10             11              10            m                              42              15              64

                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               65
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           m                                m                             m                              m                               m
                           9                 11             9               12            37                  9          47              12              54
                           8                                8                             35                             46                              53
                                            19                             20                            16                             26
                                             1.7                            0.5                          14.8                           21.1
                            25              27.0            26             26.5            69            83.4             74            95.1              55
Table C2.2 - Col 7          Table C2.2 - Col 11          Table C2.2 - Col 12            Table C2.2 - Col 13             Table C2.2 - Col 18



e A education                                                                                  Entry rates in tertiary type B education




                Rank        2009                Rank     1995                Rank       2000                Rank        2005                Rank
                                         Note




                                                                      Note




                                                                                                     Note




                                                                                                                                     Note
                       1           94               1           m                              m                              m
                      26           54              19           m                              m                               9               19
                      29           31              31           m                              m                             34                 5
                                   m                            m                              m                              m
                      19           47              24           m                              m                             35                 4
                      24           59              17           m                               9              15              8               20
                      17           42              26           m                              m                             33                 6
                      13           55              18           33                  2          28                  6         23                11
                       6           69              11           32                  4           a                              a
                                   m                            m                              m                              m
                      28           40    2         29           15    2          7             15              10            14                15
                      23           m                             5              11             21               8            13                17
                       8           53              20           m                               1              19            11                18
                       5           77               6           12                  8          10              13              7               21
                      20           51              21           m                              26               7            14                16
                      15           60              16           m                              31               4            25                10
                      14           50              22           m                               1              22              n
                      21           49              23           33                  3          32               3            33                    7
                      16           71               8           27                  6          51               2            51                    1
                                   m                            m                              m                              m
                      30           35              30           m                               1              21              2               24
                      12           63              13            n                              n                              n
                       2           78               4           44               1             52               1            48                    3
                       7           77               5            5              10              5              17              n
                       3           85               2            1              13              1              20              1               25
                                   84               3           m                              m                              m
                      11           69              10            1              14              3              18              2               23
                      25           61              14           m                              m                             49                 2
                      22           46              25            3              12             15               9            22                12
                       4           68              12           m                               7              16              7               22
                      27           41              27           29                  5          14              11            16                14
                      31           40              28            9                  9           9              14            19                13
                      18           61              15           m                              29               5            28                 9
                      10           70               9           m                              13              12           x(7)

                                   m                            m                              m                               m
                                   m                            m                              m                               m
                                   17              33           m                              m                               m
                                   m                            m                              m                               m
                                   22              32           m                              m                               m
                       9           72               7           m                              m                               32                  8
                                   m                            m                              m                               m
                                   m                            m                              m                               m
                      18           59              17           17                  7          16                  9           18              14
                                   58                           11                             11                              15
                     31                           33                           14                             22                              25
                     27.0                         16.8                          0.7                            0.7                             0.6
                     82.4           77            93.9           43            43.9             51            52.0              50            50.8
      Table C2.2 - Col 22            Table A7.4a - Col 1 1st Row        Table A7.4a - Col 4 1st Row        Table A7.4a - Col 9 1st Row Table A7.4a - Col 13 1st Row



ion                                                          Unemployment rate for 25-64 population with below upper secondary education




      2009                Rank          1997                 Rank          2000                 Rank          2005                 Rank     2009
                   Note




                                                      Note




                                                                                         Note




                                                                                                                            Note




                                                                                                                                                          Note
           m                                    9.6               14               7.5             15                 6.3             24            6.6
           15                18                 6.6               17               6.2             19                 8.6             16            8.4
           39                 3                12.5               10               9.8             11                12.4              8           11.9
           m                                   12.9                8              10.2              8                 9.8             11           12.6
           57                 1                  m                                  m                                  m                            5.9
            8                21                12.1               11              19.3                 3             24.4              3           21.8
           30                 7                  m                                  m                                13.0              6           24.1
           25                13                  m                                 6.9             16                 6.5             23            7.3
            a                                  15.6                4              12.1              7                10.7             10            9.8
           m                                   15.0                5              13.9              4                11.1              9           11.6
           19                17                16.7                3              13.7              6                20.2              4           16.7
           m                                    6.5               18               8.2             12                 8.3             18            8.8
           14                19                12.6                9               9.9             10                12.4              7           21.0
            4                23                 4.4               20               2.6             28                 2.3             32            7.4
           25                12                14.5                6               5.6             21                 6.0             25           15.4
           27                11                  m                                  m                                14.0              5           10.8
            n                                    m                                10.0              9                 7.8             19            8.4
           27                10                 3.9               23               6.0             20                  m                             m
           36                 4                 1.4               25               3.7             25                 2.9             30            3.0
           m                                     m                                 3.1             27                 5.1             27            5.8
            2                24                 2.6               24               1.5             30                 2.3             31            4.0
            n                                    m                                 3.9             24                 5.8             26            4.1
           50                    2              7.6               16               6.6             18                 3.4             29            5.9
            n                                   4.0               22               2.2             29                 7.3             21            4.7
            1                26                13.8                7              20.6              2                27.1              2           13.9
            n                                    m                                 3.6             26                 7.5             20           10.1
            1                25                22.4                 1             36.3              1                49.2              1           38.3
           32                 5                  m                                  m                                 8.7             15            7.8
           23                14                18.9                2              13.7              5                 9.3             12           21.9
           11                20                11.9               12               8.0             13                 8.5             17           10.0
           21                15                 6.0               19               4.8             22                 7.2             22            7.5
           30                 8                 4.4               21               4.6             23                 9.1             13           12.6
           31                 6                 8.4               15               6.6             17                 5.1             28            9.9
        x(11)                                  10.4               13               7.9             14                 9.0             14           15.8

             m                                   m                                  m                                  m                             m
             m                                   m                                  m                                  m                            5.7
             19              16                  m                                  m                                  m                             m
             m                                   m                                  m                                  m                             m
              5              22                  m                                  m                                  m                             m
             28               9                  m                                  m                                  m                             m
             m                                   m                                  m                                  m                             m
             m                                   m                                  m                                  m                             m
             19              18                10.2               14               9.0             12                10.7             11           11.5
             15                                13.4                               11.1                               12.8                          13.5
                            26                                  25                                30                                 32
                             0.6                                 1.4                               1.5                                2.3
              57            57.3                21              22.4               35             36.3                47             49.2           35
e A7.4a - Col 13 1st Row Table A8.2a - Col 1 2nd Row Table A8.2a - Col 2 2nd Row Table A8.2a - Col 8 2nd Row Table A8.2a - Col 12 2nd Row



tion                       Relative earnings for 25-64 year olds with tertiary education (upper secondaryand post-secondary non-tertiary=100)




                Rank        1997                Rank       2000                Rank       2005                Rank       2009                Rank
                                         Note




                                                                        Note




                                                                                                       Note




                                                                                                                                      Note
                    26         133.8               12            m                           134.0               15         135.4               17
                    20            m                              m                           152.0                9         154.9               12
                    12            m                           127.7               10         132.7               16         131.4               18
                    11         140.4               10         143.8                7         137.2               14            m
                    28            m                              m                              m                              m
                     4         179.0                   2         m                           180.7                   2      188.1                4
                     2            m                              m                              m                           136.8               16
                    25         123.9               15            m                           125.4               19         127.1               19
                    18         152.8                8         153.4                   4      149.0               11            m
                    13         149.7                9            m                           143.9               13         146.0               15
                     6         135.3               11         143.1                   8      156.3                6         156.9               11
                    19            m                              m                              m                           151.0               14
                     5         199.6                   1      194.1                   1      215.2                   1      210.7                2
                    24            m                              m                              m                              m
                     8            m                           152.8                   5      154.5                8         163.6                8
                    14            m                              m                           150.9               10         153.6               13
                    21            m                           137.8                   9         m                              m
                                  m                              m                              m                              m
                    34            m                              m                              m                              m
                    29            m                              m                              m                           161.9                   9
                    33            m                              m                              m                              m
                    32            m                              m                              m                              m
                    27         119.9               16         122.8               11         119.6               20         117.8               21
                    31         132.8               13            m                           129.3               17            m
                     9         161.3                6            m                              m                              m
                    15         177.7                3            m                           177.4                   3      169.0                   7
                     1            m                              m                              m                           184.5                   5
                    22            m                              m                              m                           191.0                   3
                     3            m                              m                              m                              m
                    16         131.2               14            m                           126.4               18         126.0               20
                    23         152.9                7         152.2                   6      154.6                7            m
                    10            m                              m                           148.9               12            m
                    17         162.4                5         160.4                3         157.9                5         159.2               10
                     7         166.1                4         172.3                2         174.8                4         179.1                6
                                 0.0               17           0.0               12           0.0               21           0.0               22
                                  m                              m                              m                              m
                    30            m                              m                              m                           256.4                   1
                                  m                              m                              m                              m
                                  m                              m                              m                              m
                                  m                              m                              m                              m
                                  m                              m                              m                              m
                                  m                              m                              m                              m
                                  m                              m                              m                              m
                    14         151.2                   9      150.9                   7      151.0               10         157.2               11
                                 157 *                          153 *                          156 *                          160 *
                   34                             17                             12                             21                             22
                    3.0                            0.0                            0.0                            0.0                            0.0
                   38.3            200           199.6            194           194.1            215           215.2            256           256.4
Table A7.4a - Col 1 3rd Row        Table A7.4a - Col 4 3rd Row     Table A7.4a - Col 9 3rd Row Table A7.4a - Col 13 3rd Row



                               Unemployment rate for 25-64 population with tertiary education




   1997                 Rank          2000                Rank        2005                Rank     2009                Rank
                 Note




                                                   Note




                                                                                   Note




                                                                                                                Note
           3.5             12                3.6             12              2.5             26           3.3             29
           2.5             17                1.5             26              2.6             25           2.2             32
           3.3             13                2.7             17              3.7             16           3.8             19
           5.4              6                4.1              8              4.6             10           5.3              8
            m                                 m                               m                           7.7              3
           1.2             24                2.5             19              2.0             31           2.2             33
            m                                 m                              3.8             14           6.3              5
            m                                3.0             15              3.7             17           3.9             16
           6.5              4                4.7              5              4.4             12           4.0             15
           7.0              3                5.1              4              5.4              7           5.0             11
           5.7              5                4.0              9              5.5              6           3.4             27
           7.3              2                7.5              2              7.1              1           6.7              4
           1.7             22                1.3             28              2.3             28           3.5             23
             c                                 c                               c                          3.9             18
           4.0                 9             1.6             25              2.0             32           6.1              6
            m                                 m                              5.1              9           5.2              9
            m                                5.9              3              5.7              5           5.1             10
           2.3             19                3.5             13              3.1             19           3.6             22
           2.3             18                3.6             11              2.9             21           3.5             24
            m                                  c                             3.2             18           3.7             20
           2.8             15                2.4             20              3.8             15           4.4             13
            m                                1.9             22              2.8             22           2.0             34
           3.5             11                3.3             14              2.3             27           3.3             28
           1.7             23                1.9             23              2.1             29           1.4             35
           2.1             21                4.3              7              6.2              3           3.6             21
            m                                2.7             18              5.4              8           5.6              7
           2.8             16                4.6              6              4.4             13           3.9             17
            m                                 m                              3.0             20           3.1             30
          13.7              1                9.5              1              6.1              4           9.0              2
           5.2              7                3.0             16              4.5             11           4.3             14
           4.4              8                1.4             27              2.7             23           2.7             31
           3.9             10                3.9             10              6.9              2           9.2              1
           3.1             14                2.1             21              2.1             30           3.5             26
           2.3             20                1.8             24              2.6             24           4.9             12

            m                                 m                               m                            m
            m                                 m                               m                           3.5             25
            m                                 m                               m                            m
            m                                 m                               m                            m
            m                                 m                               m                            m
            m                                 m                               m                            m
            m                                 m                               m                            m
            m                                 m                               m                            m
           4.1                 9             3.5             14              3.9             14           4.4             13
           4.7                               3.8                             4.1                          4.3
                          24                                28                              32                           35
                           1.2                               1.3                             2.0                          1.4
           12             13.7                8              9.5              5              7.1           8              9.2
Table 6. Chapter B Investment in education, selected values (all countries)
                                                  In first 5
                                                  In last 5
                         Table B1.1a - Col 11            Table B1.1a - Col 2                      Table B1.1a - Col 5             Table B1.1a - Col 9

                                                       Annual expenditure on educational institutions per student (2008)




                        Primary
                        through


                                     Note




                                                                         Note




                                                                                                            Note




                                                                                                                                             Note
                                                Rank       Primary                  Rank       Secondary               Rank     Tertiary
                         tertiary
                       education

OECD countries
Australia                    9 056                 18           6 723                  18           9 052                 16        15 043
Austria                     11 852                  4           9 542                   6          11 741                  5        15 043
Belgium                     10 589                  8           8 528                  11          10 511                  9        15 020
Canada                          m    1, 2                       7 648    1, 2          13           8 388   1, 2          21        20 903   1, 2
Chile                        3 520      3          30           2 707       3          30           2 564      3          33         6 829      3
Czech Republic               5 895                 25           3 799                  29           6 174                 27         8 318
Estonia                      5 982                 24           5 579                  22           6 371                 26            m
Denmark                     11 788                  5          10 080                   4          10 720                  8        17 634
Finland                      9 463                 15           7 092                  17           8 659                 18        15 402
France                       9 562                 13           6 267                  19          10 231                 10        14 079
Germany                      9 115                 17           5 929                  20           8 606                 19        15 390
Greece                          m                                   m                                  m                                m
Hungary                      5 135          2      26           4 495           2      27           4 658          2      28         7 327          2
Iceland                      9 873                 11          10 599                   3           9 007                 17        10 429
Ireland                     10 082          2       9           7 795           2      12          10 868          2       7        16 284          2
Israel                       6 885                 23           5 314                  24           6 429                 25        12 568
Italy                        9 149          2      16           8 671           2      10           9 315          2      14         9 553          2
Japan                        9 673                 12           7 491                  14           9 092                 15        14 890
Korea                        7 434                 20           5 420                  23           7 931                 22         9 081
Luxembourg                      m                              13 648                   1          19 898                  1            m
Mexico                       2 763                 32           2 246                  32           2 333                 34         7 504
Netherlands                 10 704                  7           7 208                  15          10 950                  6        17 245
New Zealand                  7 218                 21           5 582                  21           6 994                 24        10 526
Norway                      13 285                  3          11 077                   2          13 070                  3        18 942
Poland                       5 135          2      27           4 855           2      26           4 525          2      29         7 063          2
Portugal                     7 005          2      22           5 234           2      25           7 357          2      23        10 373          2
Slovak Republic              4 446                 29           4 137                  28           3 956                 31         6 560
Slovenia                     8 719                 19             x(3)                              8 555                 20         9 263
Spain                        9 499                 14           7 184                  16           9 792                 12        13 366
Sweden                      11 162                  6           9 080                   7           9 940                 11        20 014
Switzerland                 14 977          2       1           9 063           2       8          17 825          2       2        21 648          2
Turkey                          m                                   m                                  m                                m
United Kingdom              10 051                 10           8 758                      9        9 487                 13        15 310
United States               14 923                  2           9 982                      5       12 097                  4        29 910
Other G20
Argentina                    3 204          2      31           2 511           2      31           3 531          2      32         4 411          2
Brazil                       2 416          2      33           2 155           2      33           2 058          2      35        11 610          2
China                        1 593          2      34               m           2                      m           2                 4 550          2
India                           m                                   m                                  m                                m
Indonesia                       m           1                     534           1      34             482          1      36            m           1
Russian Federation           4 878          2      28             x(5)          2                   4 071          2      30         6 758          2
Saudi Arabia                    m                                   m                                  m                                m
South Africa                    m                                   m                                  m                                m
OECD average                 8 831                 19           7 153                  17           8 972                 18        13 717
Eu21 average                 8 702                              7 257                               9 116                           12 958
Nb countries                                      34                                  34                                 36
Min                                             1593.1                               534.4                              482.2
Max         13383.67          14976.8      13113.49           13647.9   19415.60   19897.8   25498.97

Note:   * Average from available countries, not in EAG 2011
        All ranks are in descending order
Table B1.1a - Col 9            Table B1.5 - Col 6                Table B1.5 - Col 12              Table B1.3a - Col 6             Table B2.1 - Col 3
                                                                                              Cumulative expenditure on
                                                                                                                              Expenditure on educational
                           Change in expenditure per student between 2000 and 2008            educational institutions per
                                                                                                                            institutions as a percentage of
                                                  (2000=100)                                  student for all services over
                                                                                                                            GDP for all levels of education
                                                                                                   whole education



                           ISCED 1
                                       Note




                                                                         Note




                                                                                                             Note




                                                                                                                                            Note
                 Rank                             Rank       tertiary               Rank        Tertiary            Rank        2008                Rank
                             to 4




                      13       123                    14          108                   19              m                              5.2              26
                      12       112                    25          129                    7          65 334               8             5.4              23
                      14       117                    20          110                   17          44 911              14             6.6               8
                       3       121    1, 2, 3         16          114   1, 2, 3         15              m                              6.0 1, 2         12
                      30       135          4         11           77         4         30              m                              7.1    3          7
                      26       159                     8          124                    8              m       2                      4.5              33
                               219            5        2          132           5        5              m                              5.8    4         16
                       6       111            1       26          116           1       13          91 448               2             7.1    2          6
                       9       126                    13          122                    9          73 621               5             5.9              14
                      16       105                    30          117                   11          56 597      2       11             6.0              13
                      10       107                    28          107                   20          68 913               6             4.8              30
                                m            1                     m           1                        m                               m     2
                      28       162        3, 5         7           88       3, 5        28          25 532      3       18             4.8    4         31
                      21       136                    10          101                   23          46 828              13             7.9               1
                       8       183            3        4          115           3       14          52 760      3       12             5.6              21
                      18       115                    24           88                   27              m                              7.3               3
                      23       106        3, 6        29          108       3, 6        18              m                              4.8              29
                      15       115           1        23          117          1        10          62 385               9             4.9    2         28
                      25       175                     5          147                    2          31 149              16             7.6               2
                                m                                  m                                    m                               m
                      27       117                    21          117                   12          25 138              19             5.8              15
                       7       121                    15           99                   24          86 568               3             5.6              20
                      20        m             5                    m            5                   34 978              15             6.6               9
                       5       118            5       19          112           5       16              m                              7.3    4          4
                      29       169            3        6          163           3        1              m       3                      5.7              17
                      22       109            3       27          136           3        4              m                              5.2              25
                      32       189            1        3          106           1       22              m                              4.0    2         34
                      24        m                                  m                                29 718              17             5.4              22
                      17       129                    12          138                    3          62 287              10             5.1              27
                       4       119                    17          107                   21          94 625               1             6.3              10
                       2       119        3, 5        18           84       3, 5        29          78 458      3        4             5.7    4         18
                                m         3, 5                     m        3, 5                        m                               m     4
                      11       156                     9          130                    6          66 485      2          7           5.7              19
                       1       116                    22           98                   25              m                              7.2               5

                      34        m                                  m                                    m                              6.1              11
                      19       221        3, 5           1         94       3, 5        26              m                              5.3    4         24
                      33        m                                  m                                    m                              3.3    4         35
                                m                                  m                                    m                               m
                                m                                  m                                    m                              3.3 1, 4         36
                      31        m             5                    m            5                       m                              4.7    4         32
                                m                                  m                                    m                               m
                                m                                  m                                    m                               m
                      17       134                    12          114                   16          57 775              11             5.9              14
                               139                                119                               62 985                             5.5
                   34                                30                                30                              19                              36
                 4411.2                             104.9                              77.0                         25137.6                             3.3
29910.1   115.93   220.8   86.46   163.5   69487.73   94625.4   4.64   7.9
     Table B3.1 - Col 4             Table B3.1 - Col 7                Table B3.2a - Col 9              Table B3.2b - Col 4             Table B3.3 - Col 12

                                                                                                   Share of private expenditure     Change in share of private
Share of private expenditure on educational institutions for    Share of private expenditure on
                                                                                                    on educational institutions     expenditure between 2000
                   all level of education                       educational institutions (2008)
                                                                                                              (2008)                  and 2008 (2000=100)


                                                                    Primary,
                                                                secondary and
               Note




                                               Note




                                                                                 Note




                                                                                                                Note
   2008               Rank         2000               Rank      post-secondary          Rank        Tertiary            Rank
                                                                  non-tertiary
                                                                   education


        29.4                5           26.8               5              18.3                4          55.2                  6     120.7
         9.2               22            6.0              20               4.1               22          15.3                 24     130.2
         5.7               27            5.7              21               4.8               21          10.2                 27     117.9
        24.0     2          7           20.1 2             7              11.4 2, 3          11          41.3   2, 3           8        m
        41.4     3          1           44.8 3             1              21.6    4           3          85.4      4           1     112.0
        12.7               17           10.1              14               9.6               13          20.9                 19     186.7
         5.3               28             m                                1.0               29          21.2                 17     154.0
         7.8               25            4.0              23               2.4    3          27           4.5      3          30     114.0
         2.6               30            2.0              26               1.0               30           4.6                 29     123.7
        10.0               20            8.8              17               7.7               17          18.3                 21     116.2
        14.6               13           13.9              11              12.9               10          14.6                 25     117.1
          m                              6.2              19                m                              m                            m
          m                               m                                 m                              m                         131.1
         9.1               23           10.0              15               3.6               23           7.8                 28     164.5
         6.2               26            9.5              16               2.3               28          17.4                 22     142.5
        22.0                8           20.2               6               7.0               18          48.7                  7      96.9
         8.6               24            5.7              22               2.9               25          29.3                 14     108.3
        33.6                3           29.0               4              10.0    3          12          66.7      3           3      99.9
        40.4                2           40.8               2              22.2                1          77.7                  2     154.6
          m                               m                                2.6               26            m                            m
        19.2                9           14.7              10              17.1                5          29.9                 12     137.0
        16.4               12           15.9               8              13.6                8          27.4                 15     119.6
        17.6               10             m                               14.3                7          29.6                 13     156.1
          m                               m                                 m                             3.1                 31     126.4
        12.9               16           11.0              13               5.3               20          30.4                 11     202.5
         9.5               21            1.4              27               0.1               32          37.9                  9      98.5
        17.5               11            3.6              24              15.2    3           6          26.9      3          16     144.8
        11.6               19             m                                8.3               14          16.2                 23        m
        12.9               15           12.6              12               6.9               19          21.1                 18     143.5
         2.7               29            3.0              25               0.1               31          10.9                 26     117.0
          m                              7.9              18              13.1                9            m                         122.1
          m                              1.4              28                m                              m                            m
        30.5                 4          14.8               9              22.1                2          65.5                  4     111.6
        29.0                 6          32.7               3               8.0               16          62.6                  5     141.1

        11.6               18             m                                8.1               15          18.9                 20        m
          m                               m                                 m                              m                         147.7
          m                               m                                 m                              m                            m
          m                               m                                 m                              m                            m
          m                               m                                 m                              m                            m
        14.2               14             m                                3.2               24          35.7                 10     327.9
          m                               m                                 m                              m                            m
          m                               m                                 m                              m                            m
        16.5               12           13.7              12               9.0               14          31.1                 11     131.4
        10.9                             7.9                               6.5                           21.8                           m
                          30                             28                                 32                               31
                           2.6                            1.4                                0.1                              3.1
38.81   41.4   43.42   44.8   22.14   22.2   82.25   85.4   231.03
   Table B3.3 - Col 12                 Table B4.1 - Col 3       Table B4.1 - Col3/Col4*100       Table B5.3 - Col 7                 Table B7.3 - Col 1
                                  Expenditure on educational Change in public expenditure % of total public expenditure
Change in share of private
                                  institutions as a percentage on education as a percentage    used for loans, grants,          Salary cost per student in
expenditure between 2000                                                      of
                                   of total public expenditure                              scholarships and subsidies                 USD (2008)
  and 2008 (2000=100)                                             total public expenditure
                                              (2008)                                         for private entities (2008)
                                                                  between 2000 and 2008
                                  All levels
            Note




                                       of
                                               Note




                                                                              Note




                                                                                                                Note
                                                                                                                                  Upper




                                                                                                                                             Note
                       Rank                               Rank                           Rank       Tertiary           Rank                         Rank
                                  educatio                                                                                      secondary
                                       n



                          19           12.9                  17       93.8                  25           31.5              5        3 909                13
                          15           11.2                  24      104.3                   7           24.8             10        4 014                10
                          21           12.9                  16      107.5                   4           13.2             23           m
                   2                   12.3 2, 3             19       99.6 2, 3             16           16.5     1       17           m
                   3      26           16.8           4       4       95.7           4      22           55.6     2        1        0 539                29
                           3            9.5                  31      100.3                  13            4.9             31        1 932                24
                           7           14.2                  10       95.8                  21           15.1             18        1 026                28
                   2      25           14.9           3       9       96.5           3      19           28.4     3        7        5 044                 4
                          17           12.4                  18       99.6                  15           14.9             19        2 819                21
                          24           10.6                  27       90.8                  27            7.4             29        3 671                14
                          22           10.4                  28      103.2                   8           18.9             16        4 555                 6
                   2                     m                              m                                  m                        4 347                 7
                          14           10.4                  29       99.8                  14           14.3             22        1 466                26
                   2       4           13.1                  14       82.2                  30           22.5             12        3 024                18
                          11           13.4                  13       98.0                  18           12.7             24        4 227                 9
                          31           13.7                  12      102.9                   9           11.7             25        2 053                23
                          28            9.4                  33       95.3                  23           20.2             14        2 998                19
                   2      29            9.4           3      32       99.4           3      17           25.4     3        9        3 956                11
                           6           15.8                   8       95.0                  24           14.8             21        3 305                16
                                         m                              m                                  m                       10 847                 1
                          13           20.6                   1       87.7                  29            7.2             30           m
                          20           11.9                  20      105.6                   6           29.2              6        4 247                 8
                           5           18.6                   2         m                                41.6              4        2 997                20
                          16           16.0                   7      114.9                   3           44.1              3        3 943                12
                           2           11.8                  21       93.0                  26            1.6             32        1 519                25
                          30           11.2                  23       88.3                  28           14.9             20        4 886                 5
                   2       9           10.3           3      30      136.9           3       2           19.7     3       15           m
                                       11.8                  22         m                                23.2             11        2 341                22
                          10           11.2                  25      102.2                  10            9.9             26        5 599                 3
                          23           13.1                  15      100.5                  12           25.4              8           m
                          18           16.7                   5      106.7                   5            8.3             28        7 336                 2
                                         m                              m                                  m                        1 206                27
                          27           11.1                  26      100.7                  11           53.3              2        3 594                15
                          12           13.8                  11       96.1                  20           20.3             13        3 038                17

                                         m                              m                                 0.5             33          m
                              8        17.4                      3   166.3                      1         9.5             27          m
                                       16.3                      6      m                                  m                          m
                                         m                              m                                  m                          m
                                         m            2                 m            2                     m                          m
                              1          m                              m                                  m                          m
                                         m                              m                                  m                          m
                                         m                              m                                  m                          m
                          14           12.9                  16      101.6                  11           21.0             13          m
                                       11.7                           91.2                               18.5                       3841 *
                         31                                 33                             30                            33                           29
                         96.9                                9.4                           82.2                           0.5                        539.0
327.9   11.19   20.6   84.13   166.3   55.08   55.6   10307.56   10846.6
Table 7. Chapter B Trends of investment in education, selected trend values (all countries)
                                                                              In first 5
                                                                              In last 5
                             Table B1.5 - Col 5                Table B1.5 - Col 6                   Table B1.5 - Col 11


                     Change in expenditure/student for primary, secondary & post-secondary
                                                                                               Change in expenditure per student for tertiary education (20
                                       non-tertiary education (2000=100)




                         1995                  Rank         2008                  Rank          1995                    Rank
                                     Note




                                                                        Note




                                                                                                            Note
OECD countries
Australia                     85.5                    16        123.3                    14         108.6                        6
Austria                         m                               112.2                    25         106.6                        8
Belgium                         m                               117.2                    20            m
Canada                          m    1, 2, 3                    121.1   1, 2, 3          16            m    1, 2, 3
Chile                         61.9   4                24        135.5   4                11          80.0   4                  21
Czech Republic               108.5                     1        159.3                     8         159.1                       1
Estonia                       81.0   5                20        219.0   5                 2         115.3   5                   3
Denmark                       87.4   1                13        110.9   1                26          94.9   1                  17
Finland                       95.5                     7        126.4                    13         100.5                      10
France                          m                               104.9                    30            m
Germany                       97.1                     5        107.5                    28          91.1                      19
Greece                        59.9   1                25           m    1                            96.9   1                  14
Hungary                       94.8   3, 5              8        161.7   3, 5              7         135.3   3, 5                2
Iceland                         m                               136.3                    10            m
Ireland                       77.9   3                21        183.2   3                 4          66.4   3                  26
Israel                        93.7                    10        114.5                    24          95.9                      15
Italy                         98.6   3, 6              4        105.8   3, 6             29          79.6   3, 6               22
Japan                         86.1   1                15        115.2   1                23          88.0   1                  20
Korea                           m                               174.9                     5            m
Luxembourg                      m                                  m                                   m
Mexico                        87.0                    14        117.2                    21         100.6                       9
Netherlands                   84.4                    17        121.3                    15          98.7                      11
New Zealand                     m    5                             m    5                              m    5
Norway                        93.3   5                11        118.3   5                19          93.1   5                  18
Poland                        64.2   3                23        169.4   3                 6         107.4   3                   7
Portugal                      72.0   3                22        109.0   3                27          95.8   3                  16
Slovak Republic               91.9   1                12        188.6   1                 3         113.1   1                   4
Slovenia                        m                                  m                                   m
Spain                         83.6                    19        129.3                    12          71.9                      25
Sweden                        94.0                     9        119.2                    17          97.5                      13
Switzerland                  106.5   3, 5              2        119.1   3, 5             18          77.9   3, 5               23
Turkey                          m    3, 5                          m    3, 5                           m    3, 5
United Kingdom                99.1                     3        156.3                     9         109.3                       5
United States                 83.6                    18        116.0                    22          76.9                      24
Other G20
Argentina                         m                                m                                   m
Brazil                          95.8 3, 5               6       220.8 3, 5                 1         98.4 3, 5                 12
China                             m                                m                                   m
India                             m                                m                                   m
Indonesia                         m                                m                                   m
Russian Federation                m 5                              m 5                                 m 5
Saudi Arabia                      m                                m                                   m
South Africa                      m                                m                                   m
OECD average                    87.0                  15        134.2                    12          98.4                      13
Eu21 average                    86.9                            139.0                               102.3
Nb countries                                       25                                 30                                    26
Min                                   59.9                    104.9         66.4
Max               49                 108.5          116       220.8   93   159.1

Note:   * Average from available countries, not in EAG 2011
        All ranks are in descending order
                       Table B1.5 - Col 12                 Table B2.1 - Col 9               Table B2.1 - Col 6                Table B2.1 - Col 3


ure per student for tertiary education (2000=100)        Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP for all levels of education




                   2008                    Rank          1995                Rank         2000                Rank          2008                Rank
                               Note




                                                                      Note




                                                                                                       Note




                                                                                                                                         Note
                       108.2                        19          5.0                 20           5.0                 22            5.2                 26
                       128.8                         7          6.2                  8           5.5                 16            5.4                 23
                       109.9                        17           m                               6.1                 10            6.6                  8
                       114.3   1, 2, 3              15          6.7   1, 2           3           5.9   1, 2          11            6.0   1, 2          12
                        77.0   4                    30          4.6   3             26           6.7   3              5            7.1   3              7
                       123.6                         8          5.1                 19           4.2                 29            4.5                 33
                       132.3   5                     5          5.8   4             11           5.4   4             17            5.8   4             16
                       116.4   1                    13          6.2   2              7           6.6   2              6            7.1   2              6
                       122.1                         9          6.3                  6           5.6                 13            5.9                 14
                       116.6                        11          6.6                  4           6.4                  7            6.0                 13
                       107.4                        20          5.1                 17           4.9                 24            4.8                 30
                          m    1                                2.6   2             29           3.6   2             31             m    2
                        87.9   3, 5                 28          4.8   4             23           4.3   4             28            4.8   4             31
                       100.9                        23           m                               7.1                  2            7.9                  1
                       114.7   3                    14          5.2                 14           4.5                 27            5.6                 21
                        88.1                        27          7.8                  1           7.6                  1            7.3                  3
                       108.4   3, 6                 18          4.6                 27           4.5                 26            4.8                 29
                       117.0   1                    10          5.0   2             21           5.0   2             20            4.9   2             28
                       146.9                         2           m                               6.1                  9            7.6                  2
                          m                                      m                                m                                 m
                       116.5                        12          5.1                 18           5.0                 21            5.8                 15
                        99.1                        24          5.4                 12           5.1                 19            5.6                 20
                          m    5                                4.7                 24           5.6                 15            6.6                  9
                       111.8   5                    16          6.9   4              2           6.8   4              4            7.3   4              4
                       163.5   3                     1          5.2                 15           5.6                 14            5.7                 17
                       135.5   3                     4          4.9                 22           5.2                 18            5.2                 25
                       106.2   1                    22          4.6   2             25           4.1   2             30            4.0   2             34
                          m                                      m                                m                                5.4                 22
                       138.3                         3          5.3                 13           4.8                 25            5.1                 27
                       106.5                        21          6.0                  9           6.3                  8            6.3                 10
                        83.5   3, 5                 29          6.0   4             10           5.7   4             12            5.7   4             18
                          m    3, 5                             1.7   4             30           2.5   4             34             m    4
                       129.5                         6          5.2                 16           4.9                 23            5.7                 19
                        97.9                        25          6.6                  5           6.9                  3            7.2                  5

                          m                                      m                                m                                6.1                 11
                        94.1 3, 5                   26          3.7   4             28           3.5   4             32            5.3   4             24
                          m                                      m    4                           m    4                           3.3   4             35
                          m                                      m                                m                                 m
                          m                                      m    1, 4                        m    1, 4                        3.3   1, 4          36
                          m 5                                    m    4                          2.9   4             33            4.7   4             32
                          m                                      m                                m                                 m
                          m                                      m                                m                                 m
                       114.1                        16          5.6                 12           5.5                 17            5.8                 17
                       119.3                                    5.3   *                          5.1   *                           5.5
                                               30                               30                                34                                  36
      77.0       1.7       2.5       3.3
86   163.5   6   7.8   5   7.6   5   7.9
    Table B3.1 - Col 6                Table B3.1 - Col 1                Table B3.1 - Col 8                  Table B3.1 - Col 9


Share of public expenditure on educational institutions for all     Change in proportion of expenditure for all levels of education
                     level of education                                               between 2000 and 2008
              Note




                                               Note




                                                                                 Note




                                                                                                                    Note
  2000               Rank          2008                 Rank         Public               Rank          Private             Rank




       73.2                 24          70.6                   26        127.8                   17         145.3                     12
       94.0                  9          90.8                    9        112.0                   26         179.8                      7
       94.3                  8          94.3                    4        125.1                   19         123.4                     21
       79.9 2               22          76.0     2             24        113.2     2             24         141.8     2               14
       55.2 3               28          58.6     3             30        156.4     3              6         134.1     3               18
       89.9                 15          87.3                   14        146.0                    8         190.3                      5
         m                              94.7                    3        164.1                    5            m
       96.0                  6          92.2                    6        112.6                   25         228.6                      4
       98.0                  3          97.4                    1        130.5                   15         167.0                     10
       91.2                 12          90.0                   11        105.8                   30         121.6                     22
       86.1                 18          85.4                   18        107.2                   29         113.6                     23
       93.8                 10            m                                 m                                  m
         m                                m                              140.4                    9            m
       90.0                 14          90.9                    8        154.8                    7         139.2                     16
       90.5                 13          93.8                    5        181.4                    3         113.5                     24
       79.8                 23          78.0                   23        121.3                   21         134.6                     17
       94.3                  7          91.4                    7        107.2                   28         167.3                      9
       71.0                 25          66.4                   28        102.4                   31         126.6                     20
       59.2                 27          59.6                   29        175.4                    4         172.7                      8
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
       85.3                 19          80.8                   22        131.2                   14         181.7                      6
       84.1                 21          83.6                   19        126.0                   18         131.1                     19
         m                              82.4                   21        120.8                   22            m
         m                                m                              139.1                   11            m
       89.0                 16          87.1                   15        139.6                   10         166.8                     11
       98.6                  2          90.5                   10         99.1                   32         718.4                      2
       96.4                  5          82.5                   20        136.3                   12         768.4                      1
         m                              88.4                   12           m                                  m
       87.4                 17          87.1                   16        136.2                   13         140.9                     15
       97.0                  4          97.3                    2        122.4                   20         109.6                     25
       92.1                 11            m                              115.6                   23         145.1                     13
       98.6                  1            m                                 m                                  m
       85.2                 20          69.5                   27        109.3                   27         275.7                      3
       67.3                 26          71.0                   25        129.1                   16         108.3                     26

         m                              88.4                   13           m                                  m
         m                                m                              197.4                      2          m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
         m                              85.8                   17        228.6                      1          m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
         m                                m                                 m                                  m
       86.3                 18          83.5                   20        129.6                   16         197.9                     5
       92.1                             89.1                             127.9                              232.2
                         28                                  30                                32                                26
     55.2        58.6          99.1         108.3
43   98.6   39   97.4   129   228.6   660   768.4
    Table B3.2a - Col 13             Table B3.2a - Col 14               Table B3.2b - Col 8              Table B3.2b - Col 9              Table B3.3 - Col 1

 Change in proportion of expenditure for primary, secondary
                                                                     Change in proportion of expenditure for tertiary education
and post-secondary non-tertiary education between 2000 and
                                                                                    between 2000 and 2007
                           2008
              Note




                                                Note




                                                                                 Note




                                                                                                                   Note
   Public            Rank           Private            Rank          Public               Rank         Private            Rank          1995




      130.5                 12          142.4                 13         120.7                   20        146.4                  17       64.6
      108.6                 28          105.3                 21         130.2                   15        611.4                   2       96.1
      124.6                 18          112.6                 19         117.9                   22        144.1                  18         m
      116.82, 3             24          181.82, 3              5         121.3 2, 3              19        133.42, 3              20       56.6
      151.6 4                6           90.7 4               24         112.0    4              27        158.0 4                11       25.1
      135.6                  9          158.5                  6         186.7                    3        289.0                   4       71.5
      163.3                  4             m                             154.0                    7           m                              m
      114.8 3               25          126.3 3               14         114.0    3              26        218.0 3                 7       99.4
      132.9                 11          197.0                  3         123.7                   17        208.6                   8       97.8
      102.4                 30          106.9                 20         116.2                   25        141.1                  19       85.3
      100.2                 31          100.5                 22         117.1                   23        149.8                  15       89.2
         m                                 m                                m                                 m                              m
      139.4                  8             m                             131.1                   14           m                            80.3
      146.3                  7          146.5                 11         164.5                    4        156.2                  12         m
      200.5                  2          114.6                 18         142.5                   11        114.3                  23       69.7
      125.7                 17          151.2                  8          96.9                   32        129.6                  21       62.5
      110.1                 26          146.9                 10         108.3                   29        155.3                  13       82.9
      102.8 3               29          100.4 3               23          99.9    3              30        125.2 3                22       35.1
      161.2                  5          193.5                  4         154.6                    6        163.7                  10         m
         m                                 m                                m                                 m                              m
      123.4                 20          158.1                  7         137.0                   13        224.9                   6       77.4
      128.2                 13          120.8                 16         119.6                   21        146.8                  16       79.4
      109.1                 27             m                             156.1                    5           m                              m
      127.2                 15             m                             126.4                   16        105.5                  26       93.7
      127.8                 14          151.1                  9         202.5                    2        175.8                   9         m
       97.9                 32           90.4                 25          98.5                   31        738.6                   1       96.5
      134.8 3               10          992.3 3                1         144.8    3               9        556.7 3                 3       95.4
         m                                 m                                m                                 m                              m
      123.6                 19          121.4                 15         143.5                   10        111.9                  24       74.4
      117.1                 22           84.7                 26         117.0                   24        151.0                  14       93.6
      117.1                 23          145.1                 12         122.1                   18           m                              m
         m                                 m                                m                                 m                            96.3
      122.3                 21          273.0                  2         111.6                   28        277.8                   5       80.0
      126.0                 16          120.5                 17         141.1                   12        106.6                  25       37.4

         m                                 m                                m                                 m                              m
      216.1                     1          m                             147.7                     8          m                              m
         m                                 m                                m                                 m                              m
         m                                 m                                m                                 m                              m
         m                                 m                                m                                 m                              m
      198.1                     3          m                             327.9                     1          m                              m
         m                                 m                                m                                 m                              m
         m                                 m                                m                                 m                              m
      127.4                 15          170.5                    6       131.1                   15        216.9                    8      76.7
      128.2                             189.5                            132.2                             261.9                           86.1
                           32                               26                                32                               26
       97.9          84.7          96.9         105.5
118   216.1   908   992.3   231   327.9   633   738.6   74
Table B3.3 - Col 1                  Table B3.3 - Col 2               Table B3.3 - Col 4               Table B3.3 - Col 6              Table B4.1 - Col 5


                                 Share of public expenditure on tertiary institutions                                                  Expenditure on educational institutions as a
          Note




                                            Note




                                                                             Note




                                                                                                              Note
                     Rank        2000                  Rank        2006                 Rank        2008                 Rank        1995                 Rank




                                                                                                                                                   Note
                            19     49.6                       25    44.3                       25    44.8                       25          13.8                  6
                             5     96.3                        5    84.5                        9    84.7                        8          10.8                 20
                                   91.5                        9    90.6                        4    89.8                        5            m
                 2          21     61.0            2          23    56.6            2          23      m             2                      12.7   2, 3           8
                 3          24     19.5            3          29    16.1            3          29    14.6            3          30          14.5   4              4
                            17     85.4                       13    82.1                       12    79.1                       13           8.7                 27
                                     m                              73.1                       17    78.8                       15          13.9                  5
                 2           1     97.6            2           2    96.4            2           2    95.5            2           2          12.3   3             11
                             2     97.2                        3    95.5                        3    95.4                        3          11.1                 18
                            10     84.4                       14    83.7                       10    81.7                       11          11.5                 15
                             9     88.2                       12    85.0                        8    85.4                        7           8.6                 28
                 2                 99.7            2           1      m             2                  m             2                       5.6                 29
                            12     76.7                       18    77.9                       14      m                                     9.4                 24
                 2                 91.8            2           8    90.2            2           5    92.2            2           4            m
                            18     79.2                       16    85.1                        7    82.6                       10          12.2                 12
                            20     58.5                       24    52.6                       24    51.3                       24          12.6                  9
                            11     77.5                       17    72.2                       18    70.7                       18           9.0                 26
                 2          23     38.5            2          26    32.2            2          27    33.3            2          28           9.7   3             22
                                   23.3                       28    23.1                       28    22.3                       29            m
                                     m                                m                                m                                      m
                            15     79.4                       15    67.9                       20    70.1                       20          22.2                  1
                            14     76.5                       19    73.4                       16    72.6                       17           9.1                 25
                                     m                              63.0                       22    70.4                       19          16.5                  2
                             7     96.3                        4    97.0                        1    96.9                        1          15.6                  3
                                   66.6                       22    70.4                       19    69.6                       21          11.9                 14
                             3     92.5                        7    66.7                       21    62.1                       23          11.9                 13
                 2           6     91.2            2          11    82.1            2          11    73.1            2          16           9.4   3             23
                                     m                              76.9                       15    83.8                        9            m
                            16     74.4                       20    78.2                       13    78.9                       14          10.3                 21
                             8     91.3                       10    89.1                        6    89.1                        6          10.9                 19
                                     m                                m                                m                                    13.5                  7
                             4     95.4                        6      m                                m                                      m
                            13     67.7                       21      m                              34.5                       27          11.4                 16
                            22     31.1                       27    34.0                       26    37.4                       26          12.5                 10

                                     m                                m                              81.1                       12            m
                                     m                                m                                m                                    11.2                 17
                                     m                                m                                m                                      m
                                     m                                m                                m                                      m
                                     m                                m                                m                                      m 2
                                     m                                m                              64.3                       22            m
                                     m                                m                                m                                      m
                                     m                                m                                m                                      m
                            16     75.1                       20    70.3                       20    69.3                       22          11.8                 15
      *                            85.2 *                           81.3 *                           78.2 *                                 10.4
                        24                                29                               29                               30                               29
25.1        19.5        16.1        14.6         5.6
99.4   80   99.7   81   97.0   82   96.9   17   22.2
                      Table B4.1 - Col 4               Table B4.1 - Col 3


re on educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure




                    2000                 Rank        2008                 Rank
                                  Note




                                                                   Note
                           13.8                 10          12.9                 17
                           10.7                 23          11.2                 24
                           12.0                 18          12.9                 16
                           12.4   2, 3          17          12.3   2, 3          19
                           17.5   4              2          16.8   4              4
                            9.5                 29           9.5                 31
                           14.8                  7          14.2                 10
                           15.4   3              6          14.9   3              9
                           12.5                 16          12.4                 18
                           11.6                 19          10.6                 27
                           10.1                 27          10.4                 28
                            7.3                 32            m
                           10.4                 26          10.4                 29
                           15.9                  4          13.1                 14
                           13.7                 11          13.4                 13
                           13.4                 12          13.7                 12
                            9.8                 28           9.4                 33
                            9.5   3             30           9.4   3             32
                           16.6                  3          15.8                  8
                             m                                m
                           23.4                  1          20.6                  1
                           11.2                 20          11.9                 20
                             m                              18.6                  2
                           14.0                  9          16.0                  7
                           12.7                 15          11.8                 21
                           12.7                 14          11.2                 23
                            7.5   3             31          10.3   3             30
                             m                              11.8                 22
                           10.9                 22          11.2                 25
                           13.0                 13          13.1                 15
                           15.6                  5          16.7                  5
                             m                                m
                           11.0                 21          11.1                 26
                           14.4                  8          13.8                 11

                             m                                m
                           10.5                 25          17.4                  3
                             m                              16.3                  6
                             m                                m
                             m 2                              m 2
                           10.6                 24            m
                             m                                m
                             m                                m
                           12.7                 14          12.9                 16
                           12.8                             11.7
                                            32                               33
      7.3         9.4
16   23.4   11   20.6
Table 8. Chapter C Participation and acces to education, selected values (all countries)



                           Table C1.1a - Col 1                   Table C1.6a - Col 1                  Table C2.1 - Col 6                 Table C2.1 - Col 1

                                                             Expected years in education
                                                            excluding education under the
                      Enrolment rate at ages 3 to 4                                                                      Net Entry rate (%)
                                                                  age of five (2008)




                                     Note




                                                                           Note
                                                                                                  Tertiary-




                                                                                                              Note
                                                                                                                                     Tertiary-




                                                                                                                                                 Note
         .             All levels               Rank         All levels               Rank                               Rank
                                                                                                   type A                             type B


OECD countries
Australia                     31.8                     32           19.8                      6        93.9                      1          m
Austria                       72.3                     20           16.8                     28        54.4                     19        15.3
Belgium                       99.1                      2           20.1                      4        31.0                     32        39.1
Canada                          m           1                       16.6          1          29          m                                  m
Chile                         55.9                     24           15.8                     33        47.1                     25        57.3
Czech Republic                72.6                     19           17.8                     16        59.2                     17         8.1
Denmark                       95.5                      5           19.0                      9        55.4                     18        24.6
Estonia                       90.7                     10           17.8                     15        41.8                     27        29.9
Finland                       50.3                     27           21.1                      1        68.6                     11           a
France                       101.4                      1           16.4                     31          m                                  m
Germany                       91.9          2           8           17.8          2          17        39.7                     30        19.0
Greece                        26.1                     33           19.6                      7          m                                  m
Hungary                       82.6                     15           17.7                     18        52.5                     20        13.9
Iceland                       95.3                      6           20.1                      3        77.0                      6         3.5
Ireland                       23.4                     35           17.1                     25        51.2                     21        25.3
Israel                        89.4                     12           15.8                     32        59.7                     16        26.9
Italy                         95.9                      4           17.1                     24        49.7                     22           n
Japan                         87.8                     14             m                                49.1                     23        27.2
Korea                         32.3                     31           17.3                     21        70.7                      8        36.1
Luxembourg                    82.1                     16             m                                  m                                  m
Mexico                        68.1                     22           14.7                     34        34.6                     31         2.4
Netherlands                   50.5                     26           17.9                     14        62.8                     13           n
New Zealand                   90.7                     11           20.3                      2        77.6                      4        50.4
Norway                        95.0                      7           18.3                     12        77.0                      5           n
Poland                        47.1                     28           18.1                     13        85.4                      2         0.6
Portugal                      77.2                     18           19.0                      8        84.3                      3           n
Slovak Republic               67.2                     23           16.6                     30        68.8                     10         1.0
Slovenia                      81.4                     17           18.5                     11        60.6                     14        31.6
Spain                         98.7                      3           17.2                     22        46.1                     26        23.4
Sweden                        91.2                      9           19.9                      5        68.2                     12        11.2
Switzerland                   25.0                     34           17.1                     23        41.3                     28        20.8
Turkey                         8.9                     37           14.2                     35        39.9                     29        29.8
United Kingdom                88.6                     13           16.8                     27        60.5                     15        30.7
United States                 46.3                     29           17.4                     19        69.8                      9          m
Other G20
Argentina                     53.9          1          25           17.4          1          20        47.2          3          24        43.7          3
Brazil                        43.9                     30           16.9                     26          m                                  m
China                           m                                     m                                16.8                     34        19.4
India                           m                                     m                                  m                                  m
Indonesia                     14.4                     36           13.9                     36        22.0                     33         4.6
Russian Federation            70.3                     21           18.6                     10        71.8                      7        27.6
Saudi Arabia                    m                                     m                                  m                                  m
South Africa                    m                                     m                                  m                                  m
OECD average                  70.1                     22           17.8                     16        59.3                     17        18.9
Eu21 average                  75.5                                  18.1                               57.8                               15.2
Nb countries                                       37                                   36                                   34
Min                                                 8.9                                 13.9                                 16.8
Max               93             101.4              7              21.1         77             93.9   57

Note:                                    * Average from available countries, not in EAG 2011
        * Average from available countries, not in EAG 2011
        All ranks are in descending orderAll ranks are in descending order
  Table C2.1 - Col 1               Table C2.1 - Col 12            Table C2.2 - Col 11/Col2*100            Table C2.2 - Col 22/Col13*100        Table C4.1a - col. 3 3rd row

                                                                                                                                              Expected years in education for
e (%)                             Age at 50th percentile                      Change in net entry rate between 2000 and 2009                     15-29 year-olds (2009)

                                           Note

                                                                  tertiart-




                                                                                   Note
                                                                                                          tertiary-




                                                                                                                       Note
                                                                                                                                               M+F Sub-




                                                                                                                                                              Note
                 Rank         .                       Rank                                    Rank                                Rank
                                                                   type A                                  type B                                total



                                  21.2                       10       159.0                          7           m                                      6.6
                        19        21.3                        8       162.1                          5           m                                      6.5
                         4        18.8                       30          m                                       m                                      7.1
                                    m                                    m                                       m                                      6.5
                         1        19.8                       20          m                                       m                                       m
                        22        20.5                       14       239.4                           1        91.2                      11             7.1
                        14        22.1                        4       106.2                          20        87.6                      12             8.4
                         8        19.8                       19          m                                       m                                      7.1
                                  21.4                        6        96.3                          23          m                                      8.2
                                    m                                    m                                       m                                      6.6
                        18        21.2                       9        131.6               2          11       130.7           2           7             7.9
                                    m                                    m                                       m                                      6.5
                        20        20.4                       15        82.7                          24       952.1                       1             7.2
                        24        22.8                        2       117.3                          18        35.9                      17             9.1
                        13        19.3                       27       160.3                           6        97.0                       9             5.7
                        12        23.7                        1       123.3                          16        87.6                      13             6.3
                                  19.7                       23       126.9                          14          m                                      6.8
                        11        18.6                       32       123.9                          15        86.1                      14             5.9          1
                         5        18.8                       29       156.2                           8        70.7                      15              m
                                    m                                    m                                       m                                      8.0
                        25        19.4                       25       129.1                          12       252.3                       3             5.1
                                  19.7                       22       117.8                          17          m                                      8.1
                         2        20.7                       12        81.6                          25        97.0                      10             6.6
                                  21.1                       11       114.3                          19          m                                      6.8
                        27        20.4                       16       132.2                          10        57.5                      16             7.6
                                  21.3                        7          m                                       m                                      6.3
                        26        20.7                       13       187.6                          3         33.4                      18             6.9
                         6        19.8                       21          m                                       m                                      8.7
                        15        19.2                       28        98.4                          22       156.4                       5             5.6
                        21        22.1                        3       101.5                          21       171.4                       4             7.7
                        16        21.6                        5       141.5                           9       150.2                       6             7.0
                         9        20.0                       18       188.7                           2       329.3                       2             4.4
                         7        19.6                       24       128.5                          13       106.4                       8             6.1
                                  19.4                       26       167.2                           4          m                                      6.9

                         3        20.1            3          17          m                                       m                                       m
                                    m                                    m                                       m                                      5.3
                        17          m                                    m                                       m                                       m
                                    m                                    m                                       m                                       m
                        23        18.7                       31          m                                       m                                       m
                        10          m                                    m                                       m                                       m
                                    m                                    m                                       m                                       m
                                    m                                    m                                       m                                       m
                        19        20.5                       15       125.1                          15       121.5                       8            6.9
                                  20.4                                125.3                                   136.9                                    7.1
                       27                                  32                                   25                                  18
                        0.6                                18.6                                 81.6                                33.4
57.3   5   23.7   158   239.4   919   952.1   5
                                                                                                                                     In first 5
                                                                                                                                     In last 5

                              Table C4.2a - Col 9+Col12 2nd Table C4.2a - Col 9+Col12 3rd         Table C4.2a - Col 9+Col12 4th
e C4.1a - col. 3 3rd row                                                                                                                     Table C3.1 - Col 6
                                           Row                          Row                                   Row
                                 Percentage of the youth           Percentage of the youth           Percentage of the youth
ted years in education for     population not in education       population not in education       population not in education             Foreign students as a
5-29 year-olds (2009)          unemployed and not in the         unemployed and not in the         unemployed and not in the              percentage of all tertiary
                               labour force, by age group        labour force, by age group        labour force, by age group                    enrolment
                                         (2009)
                                             Note                          (2009)                            (2009)




                                                                               Note




                                                                                                                 Note




                                                                                                                                                         Note
                  Rank           20-24              Rank          25-29               Rank           15-29              Rank             Tertiary




                         20           11.6                 25           16.9                 19           12.3                 21                 24.4
                         22           11.8                 24           14.6                 24           11.1                 24                 19.4
                         12           16.1                 18           16.3                 21           12.7                 20                 12.6
                         23           15.2                 20           16.3                 20           13.3                 17                 13.2    1,2
                                        m                                 m                                 m                                      0.9
                         13           13.1                 23           20.1                 14           12.8                 18                  7.3
                          3            9.8                 28            7.3                 32            6.6                 32                  9.6
                         11           19.8                 10           28.2                  3           19.0                  7                  3.7
                          4           15.1                 21           15.5                 22           12.0                 22                  4.2
                         19           19.8                 11           19.7                 15           15.6                 15                 11.5
                          7           13.7                 22           16.9                 18           11.6                 23                 10.5
                         24           18.2                 14           22.0                 10           16.8                 11                   m           3
                         10           20.9                  7           25.1                  6           17.7                  9                  4.3
                          1             m                               13.7                 25            9.0                 28                  5.5
                         29           20.8                  8           22.0                  9           18.6                  8                  7.1
                         26           37.5                  2           24.2                  8           28.7                  2                   m
                         18           24.8                  5           26.4                  4           21.2                  5                  3.3
                         28            4.1                 31            4.1                 33            4.1                 33                  3.4
                                        m                                 m                                 m                                      1.6
                          6             m                               11.9                 27            7.9                 30                   m
                         32           27.6                  3           30.4                  2           24.8                  3                   m
                          5            7.9                 30            9.6                 31            7.0                 31                  7.2          3
                         21           18.3                 13           18.1                 16           16.1                 12                 26.5
                         17            9.4                 29           10.6                 30            8.0                 29                  8.0
                          9           16.4                 17           20.8                 13           14.2                 16                  0.8
                         25           15.7                 19           14.8                 23           12.8                 19                  4.8
                         16           17.1                 15           24.9                  7           16.1                 13                  2.8
                          2           11.4                 26           11.6                 28            9.0                 27                  1.7
                         30           26.3                  4           26.3                  5           22.7                  4                  4.7
                          8           16.5                 16           11.5                 29           11.0                 25                  9.4
                         14           10.7                 27           12.8                 26           10.5                 26                 21.2          3
                         33           46.1                  1           44.9                  1           39.6                  1                  0.7
                         27           19.1                 12           18.0                 17           15.7                 14                 20.7
                         15           20.1                  9           21.8                 11           16.9                 10                   m
                                                                                                                                                   0.0
                                        m                                 m                                 m                                       m
                         31           23.3                   6          21.6                 12           19.6                   6                 0.3
                                        m                                 m                                 m                                       m
                                        m                                 m                                 m                                       m
                                        m                                 m                                 m                                       m
                                        m                                 m                                 m                                      1.4    2,3
                                        m                                 m                                 m                                       m
                                        m                                 m                                 m                                       m
                         15           18.2                 15           19.1                 16           15.2                 16                  8.7
                                      16.7                              18.3                              13.9                                     7.7
                      33                                31                                33                                33
                       4.4                               4.1                               4.1                               4.1
9.1   42   46.1   41   44.9   35   39.6   27
Table C3.1 - Col 6                      Table C3.1 - Col 1                         Table C3.1 - Col 5                  Table C5.3a - Col (1 + 2)                Table C5.3a - Col (7 + 8)

                                                                                                                    Participation in formal and non
oreign students as a               International students as a                                                                                                Participation in formal and non
                                                                         Change in student mobility between 2005      formal education of adults
rcentage of all tertiary            percentage of all tertiary                                                                                             formal education of adults betwe
                                                                                        and 2009                     between ages 25 and 64 by
     enrolment                              enrolment                                                                                                       ages 25 and 64 by attainment (%
                                                                                                                            attainment (%)
                                                                                                                                                             upper
                                                                                                                      Below                                secondary
                                                  Note




                                                                                           Note




                                                                                                                                  Note
                   Rank           tertiary                   Rank                                       Rank          upper                  Rank           and post-
                                                                                                                    secondary                              secondary
                                                                                                                                                           non-tertiary

                             2         21.5                          1          129.0                           7         23.9                        9            43.1
                             5         15.1                          3          133.8                           5         19.3                       15            43.7
                             7          9.2                          6          153.6                           3         21.7           1           10            43.1
                             6          6.5 1,2                      8           73.1             1,2          16         18.2           1           16            34.3
                            28          0.3                         24             m                                        m                                        m
                            13           m                                         m                                      15.2           1           20            37.9
                            10          5.4                         10          117.9                          8          30.4           1            6            44.7
                            21          1.6                         22             m                                      19.9                       13            37.8
                            20          3.7                         13          107.3                          12         37.3           2            4            58.0
                             8           m                                         m                                      19.8           2           14            36.4
                             9           m                                         m                                      21.0                       12            48.4
                                         m               3                         m               3                       4.0                       26            15.7
                            19          3.7                         14          131.7                          6           2.7           2           27             8.9
                            16          4.6                         11             m                                        m                                        m
                            15          7.1                          7          105.1                          13         13.1           1           22            23.1
                                         m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                            23           m                                         m                                       8.5           2           24              m
                            22          3.1                         16          116.3                          10           m                                        m
                            26           m                                         m                                      16.8                       18            26.6
                                         m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                                         m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                            14          3.8              3          12           79.5              3           15         27.3           1            7            46.1
                             1         14.6                          5             m                                      53.2           2            2            76.3
                            12          2.3                         20          141.1                          4          41.2                        3            55.7
                            29          0.8                         23             m                                       4.8           2           25            16.8
                            17          2.4                         19             m                                      16.7                       19            51.2
                            24          2.7                         18             m                                      14.2                       21            43.4
                            25          1.8                         21             m                                      13.0                       23            42.6
                            18          2.7                         17          329.3                          1          17.5                       17            37.5
                            11          6.4                          9          159.3                          2          58.4           3            1            77.8
                             3         14.9              3           4          117.3              3           9          21.2                       11            57.4
                            30           m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                             4         15.3                          2          114.4                          11         35.9           2            5            59.7
                                        3.5                         15          102.1                          14         26.5           3            8            39.1
                            32
                                         m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                            31           m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                                         m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                                         m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                                         m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                            27           m 2,3                                     m              2,3                       m                                        m
                                         m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                                         m                                         m                                        m                                        m
                            12          6.4                         10          131.9                          6          22.3                       10            42.2
                                        5.4                                     143.2                                     20.0                                     40.3
                           32                                   24                                         16                                       27
                            0.0                                  0.3                                       73.1                                      2.7
26.5   21   21.5   256   329.3   56   58.4   69
    Table C5.3a - Col (7 + 8)               Table C5.3a - Col (13 + 14)

   Participation in formal and non          Participation in formal and non
formal education of adults between       formal education of adults between
 ages 25 and 64 by attainment (%)         ages 25 and 64 by attainment (%)
                Note




                                                        Note
                           Rank           tertiary                 Rank




                                   13          59.7                        21
                                   11          72.9                         8
                       1           14          73.0            1            7
                       1           21          59.6            1           22
                                                 m
                       1           17          66.7            1           17
                       1           10          68.2            1           13
                                   18          66.9                        16
                       2            4          82.1            2            5
                       2           20          60.6            2           19
                                    8          67.5                        15
                                   25          33.4                        26
                       2           26          20.1            2           27
                                                 m
                       1           23          48.3            1           24
                                                 m
                       2                       60.5            2           20
                                                 m
                                   22          42.7                        25
                                                 m
                                                 m
                       1            9          72.3            1            9
                       2            2         102.5            2            2
                                    6          83.3                         4
                       2           24          62.5            2           18
                                    7          72.2                        10
                                   12          68.1                        14
                                   15          76.9                         6
                                   19          56.6                        23
                       3            1         109.4            3            1
                                    5          89.3                         3
                                                 m
                       2            3          71.3            2           11
                       3           16          70.5            3           12

                                                  m
                                                  m
                                                  m
                                                  m
                                                  m
                                                  m
                                                  m
                                                  m
                                   16           67.3                       16
                                                65.5
                                  26                                      27
                                   8.9                                    20.1
77.8   89   109.4
Table 9. Chapter D Conditions of learning and teaching, selected values (all countries)
                                                  In first 5
                                                  In last 5

                           Table D1.1 - Col 8                  Table D1.1 - Col 9                 Table D1.1 - Col 10                  Table D1.1 - Col 10




                       Intended instruction hours           Intended instruction hours          Intended instruction hours           Intended instruction hours




                                      Note




                                                                          Note




                                                                                                               Note




                                                                                                                                                   Note
                          7-8                    Rank        9-11                    Rank        12-14                    Rank         7-14

OECD countries
Australia                       972                  2            971                     3            983                       6        7 806
Austria                         735                 14            811                    13            958                       8        6 780
Belgium                          m                                 m                                    m                                    m
Canada                           m                                 m                                    m                                    m
Chile                           855                 10            855                     9            855                   20           6 840
Czech Republic                  624          2      22            713            2       25            871            2      17           5 999           2
Estonia                         595                 27            683                    28            802                   26           5 644
Denmark                         701                 19            803                    14            900                   12           6 510
Finland                         608                 26            683                    27            829                   23           5 753
France                          847                 11            847                    10          1 065                    3           7 432
Germany                         643                 21            794                    17            898                   13           6 362
Greece                          720                 16            812                    12            821                   25           6 340
Hungary                         614                 24            724                    23            885                   14           6 054
Iceland                         720                 15            800                    15            872                   16           6 456
Ireland                         941                  3            941                     4            907                   11           7 425
Israel                          914                  6            991                     2            981                    7           7 746
Italy                           990                  1          1 023                     1          1 089                    2           8 316
Japan                           709                 18            774                    19            868                   18           6 344
Korea                           612                 25            703                    26            867                   19           5 933
Luxembourg                      924                  5            924                     6            908                   10           7 344
Mexico                          800                 12            800                    15          1 167                    1           7 500
Netherlands                     940                  4            940                     5          1 000                    5           7 700
New Zealand                      m                                 m                                    m                                    m
Norway                          700                 20            756                    20            829                   24           6 153
Poland                          486                 29            603                    29            644                   29           4 715
Portugal                        910                  7            898                     7            934                    9           7 318
Slovak Republic                 715                 17            785                    18            842                   22           6 311
Slovenia                        621                 23            721                    24            791                   27           5 779
Spain                           875                  8            821                    11          1 050                    4           7 364
Sweden                          741          3      13            741            3       21            741            3      28           5 924           3
Switzerland                      m                                 m                                    m                                    m
Turkey                          864                     9         864                       8          846                   21           6 858
United Kingdom                   m                                 m                                    m                                    m
United States                    m                                 m                                    m                                    m
Other G20
Argentina                        m           4                       m           4                        m           4                      m            4
Brazil                           m                                   m                                    m                                  m
China                            m                                   m                                    m                                  m
India                            m                                   m                                    m                                  m
Indonesia                        m                                   m                                    m                                  m
Russian Federation              493                 28              737                  22              879                 15           5 835
Saudi Arabia                     m                                   m                                    m                                  m
South Africa                     m                                   m                                    m                                  m
OECD average                    775                 13              821                  12              907                 12           6 732
Eu21 average                    767                                 815                                  902                              6 684
Nb countries                                       29                                  29                                   29
Min                                486.0             603.5          644.2
Max                504             990.0      420   1023.0   522   1166.7   3,601

Note: .   All ranks are in descending order
                                                                                                    (Table D2.1 - Col 5)/(Table        (Table D2.1 - Col 10)/(Table
Table D1.1 - Col 10             Table D2.1 - Col 5                 Table D2.1 - Col 10
                                                                                                         D2.4 - Col 5)*100                  D2.4 - Col 10)*100



                                                                                                    Change in class size (2000 =       Change in class size (2000 =
nded instruction hours              Class size                          Class size
                                          Note                                                                  100)                               100)




                                                                  Lower




                                                                              Note




                                                                                                                     Note
                                                                                                                                         Lower




                                                                                                                                                       Note
                 Rank         Primary                Rank                                Rank         Primary               Rank                              Rank
                                                                secondary                                                              secondary


                          2        23.7                 11            23.7                  13              94.5               18            100.6                 7
                         13        18.9                 22            22.6                  17              94.3               19             94.5                16
                                     m                                  m                                     m                                 m
                                     m                                  m                                     m                                 m
                         12        29.6                  2            29.7                   6                m                                 m
                         22        19.9                 18            22.0                  18              97.9               10            100.1                    9
                         28        18.1                 27            20.1                  24                m                                 m
                         14        19.4                 21            19.9                  25             102.3                   5         106.8                 2
                         27        19.8                 20            20.1                  23                m                              101.1                 5
                          6        22.7                 13            24.5                  11             100.4                6            100.0                10
                         16        21.7                 14            24.7                  10              96.9               12            100.4                 8
                         18        17.0                 29            21.6                  20              95.1               15             89.2                20
                         21        20.7                 16            21.7                  19              97.5               11            101.0                 6
                         15        17.8                 28            19.5                  28             105.2                2            112.5                 1
                          7          m                                  m                                     m                                 m
                          3        27.4                  5            32.2                   5             102.7                4            101.9                 4
                          1        18.8                 23            21.5                  21             102.9                3            103.8                 3
                         17        28.0                  4            33.0                   4              96.8               14             95.3                14
                         23        28.6                  3            35.1                   3              78.3               23             91.2                19
                          9        15.6                 31            19.5                  29              98.9                8             97.6                12
                          5        19.9                 19            28.3                   8              94.9               16             93.4                18
                          4          m           1                      m            1                        m                                 m
                                     m                                  m                                     m                                 m
                         20           a                                  a                                    m                                 m
                         29        18.7                 24            23.3                  14              88.3               20             94.6                15
                         10        20.2                 17            22.6                  16              98.7                9             99.8                11
                         19        18.4                 26            21.1                  22              86.0               21             88.5                21
                         26        18.5                 25            19.8                  26                m                                 m
                          8        21.1                 15            24.3                  12             100.1                   7          93.5                17
                         24          m                                  m                                     m                                 m
                                     m                                  m                                     m                                 m
                         11        25.6                  8               a                                  83.6               22               m
                                   24.5                 10            19.6                  27              94.6               17             83.8                23
                                   23.3                 12            22.8                  15             110.4                1             96.6                13

                                   26.2          2          7         28.1           2          9             m                                 m
                                   25.0                     9         29.5                      7           96.9               13             87.7                22
                                   37.1                     1         54.6                      1             m                                 m
                                     m                                  m                                     m                                 m
                                   26.4                  6            35.3                   2                m                                 m
                         25        16.2                 30            17.9                  30                m                                 m
                                     m                                  m                                     m                                 m
                                     m                                  m                                     m                                 m
                         14          21                 15              24                  13                97               12              100                    8
                                     20                                 22                                    97 *                              97 *
                      29                               31                                  30                                 23                                 23
4714.9        15.6        17.9         78.3         83.8
8316.0   22   37.1   37   54.6   32   110.4   29   112.5
    Table D2.2 - Col 3                Table D2.2 - Col 6               Table D2.2 - Col 10                    Table D3.1 - Col 3




Ratio of student to teaching      Ratio of student to teaching      Ratio of student to teaching            Salary after 15 years of
            staff                             staff                             staff                    experience /minimum training
               Note




                                                 Note




                                                                                   Note




                                                                                                                        Note
 Primary                  Rank    Secondary                 Rank     Tertiary                 Rank        Primary                  Rank



        15.8   1, 2          21           12.0   1, 2          22             m    1, 2                       48 233                   8
        12.6                 27            9.9                 31           15.6                 13           41 070                  14
        12.5          3      28            9.5          3      34           19.5          3       4               m
          m           4                   15.9          4      10             m           4                       m
        22.4                  5           23.8                  2             m                               22 246                  24
        18.4                 10           11.8                 25           19.6                     3        23 806                  23
        16.2                 18           16.3                  7             m                               15 758                  26
          m                                 m                                 m                               54 360                   4
        13.6                 25           13.6                 16           14.9                 16           41 415           1      13
        19.7          3       8           12.2          3      21           15.7          3      11           33 359                  19
        17.4                 14           14.8                 11           11.9                 22           57 005                   3
          m                                 m                                 m                               34 209                  18
        10.7                 33           11.8                 26           16.3                  9           14 902           1      28
          m                               10.2                 30           10.2                 24           32 370                  20
        15.9          2      20           12.6          2      18           14.3          2      19           60 355           1       2
        17.0          2      15           11.9          2      24             m           2                   28 929                  21
        10.7          2      32           11.0          2      28           18.3          2       5           34 954                  17
        18.6                  9           13.2                 17           10.1                 25           49 408                   7
        22.5                  4           18.2                  4             m                               52 820                   5
        11.6                 30            9.1                 35             m                               74 402                   1
        28.1                  1           30.1                  1           14.6                 17           20 415                  25
        15.8          2      22           16.1          2       9           14.4          2      18           50 370                   6
        16.3                 17           14.4                 14           17.2                  7               m
        10.7          2      34            9.7          2      33            9.2          2      26           43 614           1      11
        10.2                 35           12.4                 19           16.1                 10           15 568                  27
        11.3                 31            7.7                 37           14.1                 20           41 771                  12
        17.7                 12           14.5                 13           15.6                 14           13 964                  29
        16.7                 16           11.0                 29           20.4                  2           35 482                  15
        13.3                 26            9.8                 32           10.9                 23           47 182                   9
        12.1                 29           12.3                 20            8.8                 27           35 349           1      16
        15.4   1, 2          23           11.5   1, 2          27             m    1, 2                           m            2
        22.9                  3           16.9                  5           17.8                  6           27 438                  22
        19.9                  7           13.7                 15           16.5                  8               m
        14.8                 24           14.7                 12           15.3                 15           44 788           1      10

        16.0          4      19           11.9          4      23           15.7          4      12               m
        24.0                  2           19.8                  3              w                                  m
        17.6                 13           16.7                  6             m                                   m
          m                                 m                                 m                                   m
        20.8                  6           16.3                  8           22.7                  1            1 979                  30
        17.9   2, 5          11            8.7   2, 5          36           12.7   2, 5          21               m
          m                                 m                                 m                                   m
          m                                 m                                 m                                   m
          16                 19           13.5                 17             15                 16           38 914                  15
          15                              12.1                                15                              39 735
                            35                                37                                27                                   30
     10.2         7.7         8.8             1979.2
18   28.1   22   30.1   14   22.7   72,423   74402.4
    Table D3.1 - Col 13                 Table D3.4 - Col 6                   Table D3.2 - Col 1                     Table D3.2 - Col 2

                                                                        Ratio of salary after 15 years
                                                                                                              Ratio of salary after 15 years of
                                                                            of experience (minimum
                                   Ratio of salary after 15 years                                            experience (minimum training) to
Ratio of salary at top of scale                                          training) to earnings for full-
                                    of experience to GDP per                                                   earnings for full-time full-year
      to starting salary                                                  time full-year workers with
                                               capita                                                         workers with tertiary education
                                                                        tertiary education aged 25 to
                                                                                                                       aged 25 to 64
                                                                                       64
                Note




                                                     Note




                                                                                         Note




                                                                                                                               Note
  Primary                  Rank      Primary                    Rank      Primary                   Rank        Lower                     Rank
                                                                                                              secondary

         1.39                 23             1.2                   13            0.85           2       8             0.85            2       9
         1.98                  7             1.0                   19            0.58                  20             0.63                   19
           m                                  m                                    m                                    m
           m                                  m                                    m                                    m
         1.87                  9             1.5                    5              m                                    m
         1.47                 17             0.9                   23            0.51                  21             0.52                   21
         1.46                 18             0.8                   28            0.82                   9             0.82                   11
         1.16                 31             1.4                    9            0.93                   4             0.93                    6
         1.54          1      14             1.1            1      16            0.85    2, 3           7             0.91      2, 3          7
         2.05                  6             1.0                   21            0.78       4          12             0.85         4         10
         1.33                 25             1.6                    4            0.88                   5             0.97                    5
         1.48                 15             1.2                   15              m                                    m
         1.66          1      12             0.7            1      29            0.45           3      23             0.45            3      23
         1.17                 29             0.9                   25            0.50           4      22             0.50            4      22
         1.88          1       8             1.5            1       7            0.88           3       6             0.88            3       8
         2.24                  2             1.0                   18            0.75                  13             0.70                   15
         1.47                 16             1.1                   17            0.59           5      18             0.64            5      18
         2.23                  3             1.5                    6              m                                    m
         2.77                  1             2.0                    1            1.08           5       3             1.08            5          4
         2.18                  4             0.9                   26            0.79                  11             1.18                       3
         2.14                  5             1.4                   11              m                                    m
         1.46                 19             1.2                   14            0.67           5      15             0.81            5      13
           m                                  m                                    m                                    m
         1.23          1      28             1.0            1      20            0.66    3, 6          16             0.66      3, 6         17
         1.77                 10             0.8                   27            0.59       5          19             0.68         5         16
         1.76                 11             1.7                    3            1.19                   1             1.19                    2
         1.24                 27             0.6                   30            0.44                  24             0.44                   24
         1.28                 26             1.2                   12            0.81                  10             0.81                   12
         1.40                 22             1.4                    8            1.16       5           2             1.27         5          1
         1.34          1      24             0.9            1      24            0.74    3, 5          14             0.75      3, 5         14
         1.57          2      13             1.4            2      10              m        7                           m          7
         1.16                 30             1.9                    2              m                                    m
           m                                  m                                    m                                    m
         1.41          1      21             1.0            1      22            0.61           3      17             0.61            3      20

           m                                  m                                    m                                     m
           m                                  m                                    m                                     m
           m                                  m                                    m                                     m
           m                                  m                                    m                                     m
         1.44                 20             0.5                   31              m                                     m
           m                                  m                                    m                                     m
           m                                  m                                    m                                     m
           m                                  m                                    m                                     m
         1.64                 13               1                   14             0.8                 13.0              0.8                 14.0
         1.58                                  1 *                                0.8                                   0.8
                             31                                   31                                  24                                    24
    1.2       0.5       0.4       0.4
2   2.8   1   2.0   1   1.2   1   1.3
       Table D3.2 - Col 3              Table D3.3 - Col 13/Col 9*100 Table D3.4 - Col 12/Col 9 *100          Table D4.1 - Col 4                Table D4.1 - Col 5


 Ratio of salary after 15 years of
experience (minimum training) to Change in teacher's salaries           Change in teacher's salaries
  earnings for full-time full-year between 2000 and 2008 in real         relative to GDP per capita                                       Number of days of instru
 workers with tertiary education              terms                       between 2000 and 2009
          aged 25 to 64

                                         lower                           lower                                                             Lower
                 Note




                                                    Note




                                                                                     Note




                                                                                                                       Note
   Upper                    Rank       secondar                Rank    secondar                 Rank       Primary                Rank    secondar
 secondary                              y level                         y level                                                              y

         0.85           2      10         99.65                   18      99.55                    18            197                  7        197
         0.65                  19        118.40                    7      99.49                    19            180                 20        180
           m                                 m                               m                                    m                             m
           m                                 m                               m                                    m                             m
           m                                 m                           152.89                     1            191                 10        191
         0.55                  22        208.97                    1     112.47                     5            189                 13        189
         0.82                  11        156.03                    2     136.79                     2            175                 27        175
         1.06                   5        104.77                   16     120.87                     3            200          1       4        200
         1.01     2, 3          7        117.49            1       8      99.70             1      15            188                 14        188
         0.85        4          9         90.51                   23      94.98                    23             m           1                 m
         1.06                   6            m                               m                                   193                  9        193
           m                             112.42                   12      99.59                    16            177                 23        157
         0.54           3      23        143.31            1       3      83.67             1      26            181                 18        181
         0.61           4      21        114.95                   10     110.09                     7            176          1      24        176
         0.88           3       8        124.30            1       6     119.66             1       4            183                 16        167
         0.64                  20        112.98                   11     101.83                    14            183                 16        176
         0.66           5      17        102.84                   17     103.43                    13            172                 30        172
           m                              95.37                   21      94.25                    24            201          1       3        201
         1.08           5          4     131.35                    4      88.15                    25            220                  2        220
         1.18                      3         m                           105.39                    11            176                 24        176
           m                              99.30                   19      99.55                    17            200                  4        200
         0.81           5      13        124.64                    5     111.48                     6            195                  8         m
           m                              96.48                   20         m                                    m                             m
         0.70     3, 6         16        115.15            1       9     105.94             1          9         190                 11        190
         0.78        5         15            m                               m                                   181                 18        179
         1.19                   2        110.77                   13     107.19                        8         175                 27        175
         0.44                  24            m                               m                                   187                 15        187
         0.81                  12            m                            98.00                    21            190                 11        190
         1.32        5          1        105.53                   15     105.78                    10            176                 24        176
         0.81     3, 5         14        107.55            1      14     103.99             1      12              a                             a
           m         7                    94.26            2      22      97.33             2      22             m                             m
           m                                 m                               m                                   180                 20          a
           m                                 m                               m                                    m                             m
         0.65           3      18            m             1              98.09             1      20            180          1      20        180

           m                                 m                               m                                   170          2      31        171
           m                                 m                               m                                   200                  4        200
           m                                 m                               m                                   175                 27        175
           m                                 m                               m                                    m                             m
           m                                 m                               m                                   251                  1        163
           m                                 m                               m                                   164          1      32        169
           m                                 m                               m                                    m                             m
           m                                 m                               m                                    m                             m
          0.9                      9        114                   11        102                    14            186                 16        185
          0.9                               123 *                            m                                   184                           181
                              24                                 23                               26                                32
    0.4          90.5         83.7        164.0
1   1.3   118   209.0   69   152.9   87   251.0   63
    Table D4.1 - Col 5               Table D4.1 - Col 6             Table D4.1 - Col 7                    Table D4.1 - Col 8                      Table D4.1 - Col 9




Number of days of instruction                                                                          Net annual teaching time in hours




                                 Upper
             Note




                                             Note




                                                                            Note
                                                                                                         Lower




                                                                                                                    Note
                                                                                                                                            Upper
                        Rank    secondar                Rank    Primary                Rank                                    Rank
                                                                                                       secondary                          secondary
                                   y

                            6        193                    5         874                       9             812                  5             797
                           15        180                   14         779                      17             607                 24             589
                                      m                                m                                       m                                  m
                                      m                                m                                       m                                  m
                            8        191                    7       1 232                       2           1 232                  2           1 232
                           11        189                   10         832                      12             624                 20             595
                           22        175                   20         630                      27             630                 19             578
                    1       3        200            1       2         648          1           25             648          1      15             377
                           12        188                   11         677                      24             592                 27             550
                    1                 m             1                 918          1            5             642          1      17             628
                            7        193                    6         805                      13             756                  8             713
                           30        157                   31         589                      31             426                 31             426
                           14        181                   13         597                      30             597                 26             597
                    1      18        171            1      25         609          1           29             609          1      23             547
                           28        167                   29         915                       6             735                 10             735
                           18        176                   18         788                      16             589                 28             524
                           25        172                   23         757                      18             619                 21             619
                    1       2        198            1       4         707          1           21             602          1      25             500
                            1        220                    1         836                      10             618                 22             605
                           18        176                   18         739                      20             634                 18             634
                            3        172                   23         800                      14           1 047                  4             843
                                      m                               930                       4             750                  9             750
                                      m                                m                                       m                                  m
                            9        190                    8         741                      19             654                 14             523
                           17        180                   14         489                      32             483                 30             486
                           22        175                   20         875                       8             770                  7             770
                           13        187                   12         832                      11             645                 16             617
                            9        190                    8         690                      22             690                 13             633
                           18        171                   25         880                       7             713                 12             693
                                       a                                a                                       a                                  a
                                      m                                m                                       m                                  m
                                     180                   14         639                      26               a                                567
                                      m                                m                                       m                                  m
                    1      15        180            1      14       1 097          1               3        1 068          1          3        1 051

                    2      26        171            2      25         680          2           23           1 368          2          1        1 368
                            3        200                    2         800                      14             800                     6          800
                           22        175                   20          m                                       m                                  m
                                      m                                m                                       m                                  m
                           29        163                   30       1 255                       1             734                 11             734
                    1      27        169            1      28         615          1           28             507          1      29             507
                                      m                                m                                       m                                  m
                                      m                                m                                       m                                  m
                           14        183                   13         779                      18             701                 13             656
                                     181                              755                                     659                                628
                          30                              31                                  32                                 31
157.0   157.0          488.7          425.9
220.0   220.0   766   1255.0   942   1368.0   991
                                             PISA indicators


        Table D4.1 - Col 9                                        Table D6.3 - Col 1                  Table D6.3 - Col 7               Table D6.3 - Col 11



                                                               Reading score below PISA            Reading score below PISA
                                                                                                                                 Reading score below PISA
                                                               profiency Level 3 (2009) -        profiency Level 3 (2009) - Low
hours                                                                                                                             profiency Level 3 (2009) -
                                                               Students who do not value           parental education (low vs.
                                                                                                                                Immigrant vs. non-immigrant)
                                                                  schooling outcomes                          high)
                Note




                                                                               Note




                                                                                                                   Note




                                                                                                                                                    Note
                             Rank                                 %                   Rank       relative risk            Rank    relative risk



                                      6                                 35               33              1. 64               22            . 93
                                     21                                 52                8               1. 7               18           1. 58
                                                                        38               32              1. 85                7           1. 87
                                                                        30               36              1. 68               19           1. 13
                                      2                                 64                5              1. 44               32               c
                                     20                                 50                9              1. 34               34           1. 12
                                     22                                 39               30              1. 62               23           1. 43
                       1             32                                 41               21              1. 79               12           1. 82
                                     24                                 25               37              2. 08                3           2. 27
                       1             15                                 41               23              1. 82               11           1. 67
                                     11                                 41               24              2. 22                2           1. 73
                                     31                                 47               13              1. 57               25           1. 56
                                     19                                 41               20              1. 94                5            . 88
                       1             25                                 39               29              1. 53               29           1. 94
                                      9                                 41               25              1. 74               15           1. 39
                                     26                                 49               12              1. 83                9           1. 05
                                     16                                 45               16              1. 56               27           1. 69
                       1             29                                 32               35              2. 03                4               c
                                     18                                 21               38              2. 32                1               c
                                     13                                 50               11              1. 74               16            1. 5
                                      4                                 73                4              1. 33               35           1. 33
                                      8                                 39               28              1. 66               20           1. 63
                                                                        34               34              1. 51               30           1. 23
                                     27                                 39               31              1. 82               10           1. 66
                                     30                                 40               26              1. 72               17               c
                                      7                                 44               17              1. 79               14           1. 37
                                     17                                 50               10              1. 83                8               c
                                     14                                 47               14              1. 41               33           1. 48
                                     12                                 46               15              1. 54               28           1. 66
                                                                        41               22              1. 56               26           1. 71
                                                                        40               27              1. 79               13           1. 63
                                     23                                 57                7              1. 93                6               c
                                                                        43               18              1. 62               24           1. 19
                       1                 3                              42               19              1. 65               21           1. 27

                       2                 1                              77                   2           1. 27               36           1. 12
                                         5                              77                   3           1. 22               37           1. 25
                                                                        m                                   m                                m
                                                                        m                                   m                                m
                                     10                                 88                   1           1. 15               38               c
                       1             28                                 59                   6           1. 45               31            1. 2
                                                                        m                                   m                                m
                                                                        m                                   m                                m
                                     13                                 43               19              1. 72               18            1. 5
                                                                        43 *                                 2 *                              2 *
                                    32                                                  38                                  38
 377.0        21.2       1.1
1368.0   67   87.7   1   2.3   1
Table D6.3 - Col 11             Table D6.3 - Col 15



ding score below PISA       Reading score below PISA
fiency Level 3 (2009) -     profiency Level 3 (2009) -
grant vs. non-immigrant)     Gender (boys vs. girls)
                                              Note




                 Rank       relative risk            Rank



                       30           1. 54               17
                       13           1. 39               26
                        3           1. 34               29
                       26           1. 59               11
                                    1. 15               34
                       27           1. 56               14
                       17           1. 76                4
                        4           1. 41               25
                        1           2. 57                1
                        8           1. 48               20
                        5           1. 47               22
                       14           1. 54               16
                       31           1. 48               19
                        2           1. 62               10
                       18           1. 47               21
                       29           1. 38               27
                        7           1. 58               13
                                    1. 67                8
                                    2. 07                2
                       15           1. 32               30
                       20           1. 13               35
                       12           1. 32               31
                       23           1. 67                7
                        9           1. 75                5
                                    1. 81                3
                       19            1. 5               18
                                    1. 64                9
                       16            1. 7                6
                       10           1. 36               28
                        6           1. 59               12
                       11           1. 54               15
                                    1. 43               23
                       25           1. 29               32
                       21           1. 28               33

                       28           1. 13               36
                       22            1. 1               38
                                       m
                                       m
                                    1. 12               37
                       24           1. 41               24
                                       m
                                       m
                       16           1. 54               16
                                        2 *
                      31                               38
0.9       1.1
2.3   1   2.6
                                                                                       Note at the end of each of the tables

Table A1.2a   1. Excluding ISCED 3C short programmes.
              2. Year of reference 2002.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).


Table A1.3a   1. Year of reference 2003. Source: UNESCO/UIS, educational attainment of 25-year-olds and older.
              2. Year of reference 2000. Source: 2000 census, Chinese National Bureau of Statistics, education level (college, university and master and above) of 25-64 year-olds.
              3. Year of reference 2007. Source: UNESCO/UIS, educational attainment of 25-year-olds and older.
              4. Year of reference 2002.
              5. Year of reference 2004. Source: UNESCO/UIS, educational attainment of 25-year-olds and older.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).



Table A1.4    Note: Norway revised the education attainment criteria in 2005; this created a major break in the time series. See Annex 3 for other breaks in time series.


Table A2.1    Note: Columns showing graduation rates for men and women at upper secondary level by programme orientation (i.e. columns 14-15, 17-18, 20-21, 23-24) are available for
              consultation on line (see StatLink below).
                    Refer to Annex 1 for information on the method used to calculate graduation rates (gross rates versus net rates) and the corresponding typical ages.
                    Mismatches between the coverage of the population data and the graduate data mean that the graduation rates for those countries that are net exporters of students may be
              underestimated (for instance Luxembourg) and those that are net importers may be overestimated.
              1. ISCED 3A (designed to prepare for direct entry to tertiary-type A education).
                 ISCED 3B (designed to prepare for direct entry to tertiary-type B education).
                 ISCED 3C (long) similar to duration of typical 3A or 3B programmes.
                 ISCED 3C (short) shorter than duration of typical 3A or 3B programmes.
              2. Sum of graduation rates for single year of age for men and women until the age of 25.
              3. Year of reference 2008 (for Swizerland, only for first-time graduates).
              Source: OECD. Argentina, China, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.



Table A2.2    Note: Up to 2004, graduation rates at upper secondary level were calculated on a gross basis. From 2005 and for countries with available data, graduation rates are calculated as net
              graduation rates (i.e. as the sum of age-specific graduation rates).
              Refer to Annex 1 for information on the method used to calculate graduation rates (gross rates versus net rates) and the corresponding typical ages.
              1. For countries that do not have data for the year 1995, the 2000-2009 average annual growth rate is indicated in italics.
              2. Break in the series between 2008 and 2009 due, in Germany, to a partial reallocation of vocational programmes into ISCED 2 and ISCED 5B, and in New Zealand, to the inclusion
              of ISCED 3C short programmes.
              3. Year of reference 1997 instead of 1995.
              Source: OECD. China: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.


Table A2.3    Note: Refer to Annex 1 for information on the method used to calculate graduation rates (gross rates versus net rates) and the corresponding typical ages.
                    Mismatches between the coverage of the population data and the graduate data mean that the graduation rates for those countries that are net exporters of students may be
              underestimated (for instance Luxembourg) and those that are net importers may be overestimated.
              1. ISCED 4A (designed to prepare for direct entry to tertiary-type A education).
                 ISCED 4B (designed to prepare for direct entry to tertiary-type B education).
              2. Year of reference 2008.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.


Table A2.4    Note: Data presented in this table come from a special survey in which 20 countries participated. Refer to Annex 3 for details concerning this indicator, including methods used,
              programmes included/excluded, year of entry, etc.
              1. ISCED 3 general programmes entrants who graduated from either a general or vocational programme.
              2. ISCED 3 vocational programmes entrants who graduated from either a general or vocational programme.
              3. ISCED 3 general programmes entrants who graduated from a vocational programme.
              4. ISCED 3 vocational programme entrants who graduated from a general programme.
              5. N + 3 instead of N + 2
              6. Countries' average for N + 2 corresponds to the countries' average for N + the difference (in percentage points) of the average for countries with N and N + 2 data..
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
Table A3.1    Notes: Refer to Annex 1 for information on the method used to calculate graduation rates (gross rates versus net rates) and the corresponding typical ages.
                    Mismatches between the coverage of the population data and the graduate data mean that the graduation rates for those countries that are net exporters of students may be
              underestimated, and those that are net importers may be overestimated. The adjusted graduation rates in Table A3.3 seek to compensate for that.
              1. Year of reference 2008.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.




Table A3.2    Note: Years 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 are available for consultation on line (see Statlink below).
              Up to 2004, graduation rates at the tertiary-type A or B levels were calculated on a gross basis. From 2005 and for countries with available data, graduation rates are calculated as net
              graduation rates (i.e. as the sum of age-specific graduation rates). Please refer to Annex 1 for information on the method used to calculate graduation rates (gross rates versus net
              rates) and the corresponding typical ages.
              1. Break in the series between 2008 and 2009 due to a partial reallocation of vocational programmes into ISCED 2 and ISCED 5B.
              2. Break in time series following methodological change in 2008.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.



Table A3.3    Notes: Refer to Annex 1 for information on the method used to calculate graduation rates (gross rates versus net rates) and the corresponding typical ages.
                    Mismatches between the coverage of the population data and the graduate data mean that the graduation rates for those countries that are net exporters of students may be
              underestimated and those that are net importers may be overestimated. The adjusted graduation rates seek to compensate for that.
              1. Year of reference 2008.
              2. The graduation rates are calculated for foreign students (defined on the basis of their country of citizenship). These data are not comparable with data on international graduates
              and are therefore presented separately in Chart A3.4.
              Source: OECD. Argentina, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.
Table A4.1a   Note: Columns showing the breakdown of humanities, arts and education (2 and 3) and science (9-12) are available for consultation on line (see StatLink below).
              1. Year of reference 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.




Table A4.3b   Note: Columns showing the breakdown of humanities, arts and education (2 and 3) and science (9-12) are available for consultation on line (see StatLink below).
              1. Year of reference 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.




Table A4.5    Note: Columns showing the breakdown of humanities, arts and education (2 and 3) and science (9-12) are available for consultation on line (see StatLink below).
              1. Excludes tertiary-type B programmes.
              2. Year of reference 2008.
              3. Excludes advanced research programmes.
              4. Foreign students are defined on the basis of their country of citizenship; these data are not comparable with data on international students and are therefore presented separately
              in the table and chart.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.

Table A5.1    Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold.




Table A5.2    Source: OECD PISA 2009 Database.


Table A5.3    1. A student is classified as resilient if he or she is in the bottom quarter of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) in the country of assessment and performs in
              the top quarter across students from all countries after accounting for socio-economic background.
              2. A student is classified as disadvantaged low achiever, if he or she is in the bottom quarter of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) in the country of
              assessment and performs in the bottom quarter across students from all countries after accounting for socio-economic background.
Table A6.2    Note: Changes between 2000 and 2009 that are statistically significant are indicated in bold.




Table A7.3a   Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.




Table A7.4a   Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.




Table A8.1              Note: Belgium, Korea and Turkey report earnings net of income tax. Slovenia reports earnings excluding data for individuals in part-time and/or part-year earnings.




Table A8.2a             Note: Belgium, Korea and Turkey report earnings net of income tax. Slovenia reports earnings excluding data for individuals in part-time and/or part-year earnings.


Table A9.1    1. Belgium and the Netherlands are not included in the table because upper secondary education is compulsory.
              2. Japan is not included in the table because the data at lower and upper secondary level of education are not broken down.
              3. Korea is not included in the table because of data-quality issues at that level.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).


Table A9.3    Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).

Table A9.4    Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).

Table A10.1   Note: Labour costs include non-tax compulsory payments (NTCP) and employer social contributions based on OECD Taxing Wages Database (Centre for Tax Policy and
              Administration), except for the United States for which Bureau of Labor Statistics information is used and the United Kingdom for which EU Labour Cost Survey data is used. SILC:
              Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (Eurostat). USD based on three-year moving average of currency exchange rates (OECD annual exchange rates) and last three columns
              on net income in USD (PPP) Purchasing Power Parity-adjusted for private consumption (see Table X2.1 for exchange rates).

Table B1.1a   1. Year of reference 2007.
              2. Public institutions only (for Canada, in tertiary education only; for Italy, except in tertiary education).
              3. Year of reference 2009.
              Source: OECD. Argentina, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). China: China Educational Finance Statistics Yearbook 2009. See
              Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.
Table B1.3a   1. Either the Chain Method (CM) or an Approximation Formula (AF) was used to estimate the duration of tertiary studies.
              2. Average duration of tertiary studies is estimated based on national data.
              3. Public institutions only.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.
Table B1.5    1. Some levels of education are included with others. Refer to "x" code in Table B1.1a for details.
              2. Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
              3. Public institutions only (for Canada, in tertiary education only. For Italy, except in tertiary education).
              4. Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
              5. Public expenditure only (for Switzerland, in tertiary education only).
              6. Excluding post-secondary non-tertiary education.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.
Table B2.1    1. Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
              2. Some levels of education are included with others. Refer to "x" code in Table B1.1a for details.
              3. Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
              4. Public expenditure only (for Switzerland, in tertiary education only; for Norway, in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education only; for Estonia, New Zealand and
              the Russian Federation, for 1995 and 2000 only).
              Source: OECD. Argentina, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). China: The national Statistics Bulletin on Educational Expenditure
              2009. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
Table B2.3    1. Including public subsidies to households attributable for educational institutions, and direct expenditure on educational institutions from international sources.
              2. Net of public subsidies attributable for educational institutions.
              3. Year of reference 2007.
              4. Some levels of education are included with others. Refer to "x" code in Table B1.1a for details.
Table B3.1    1. Including subsidies attributable to payments to educational institutions received from public sources.
              2. Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
              3. Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.
Table B3.2a   1. Including subsidies attributable to payments to educational institutions received from public sources.
              To calculate private funds net of subsidies, subtract public subsidies (Columns 5, 10) from private funds (Columns 4, 9).
              To calculate total public funds, including public subsidies, add public subsidies (Columns 5, 10) to direct public funds (Columns 1, 6).
              2. Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
              3. Some levels of education are included with others. Refer to "x" code in Table B1.1a for details.
              4. Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.

Table B3.2b   1. Including subsidies attributable to payments to educational institutions received from public sources.
              To calculate private funds net of subsidies, subtract public subsidies (Column 5) from private funds (Column 4).
              To calculate total public funds, including public subsidies, add public subsidies (Column 5) to direct public funds (Column 1).
              2. Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
              3. Some levels of education are included with others. Refer to "x" code in Table B1.1a for details.
              4. Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.

Table B3.3    1. Excluding international funds in public and total expenditure on educational institutions.
              2. Some levels of education are included with others. Refer to "x" code in Table B1.1a for details.
              3. Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.

Table B4.1    1. Public expenditure presented in this table includes public subsidies to households for living costs (scholarships and grants to students/households and students loans), which are
              not spent on educational institutions. Thus the figures presented here exceed those on public spending on institutions found in Table B2.3.
              2. Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
              3. Some levels of education are included with others. Refer to "x" code in Table B1.1a for details.
              4. Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). China: The national Statistics Bulletin on Educational Expenditure
              2009. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.

Table B5.3    1. Year of reference 2007.
              2. Year of reference 2009.
              3. Some levels of education are included with others. Refer to "x" code in Table B1.1a for details.
              Source: OECD. Argentina: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.




Table B7.3    Source: OECD. Data from Education at a Glance 2010 (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2010). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).




Table C1.1a   Note: Ending age of compulsory education is the age at which compulsory schooling ends. For example, an ending age of 18 indicates that all students under 18 are legally obliged to
              participate in education. Mismatches between the coverage of the population data and the enrolment data mean that the participation rates may be underestimated for countries such
              as Luxembourg that are net exporters of students and may be overestimated for those that are net importers.
              1. Includes only institution-based pre-primary programmes. These are not the only form of effective early childhood education available below the age of 3, therefore inferences about
              access to and quality of pre-primary education and care should be made with caution. In countries where an integrated system of pre-primary and care exists enrolment rate is noted
              as not applicable for children aged 2 and under.
              2. Year of reference 2008.
              3. Underestimated because a lot of resident students go to school in the neighbouring countries.
              Source: OECD. Argentina and Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
Table C1.6a   Note: Mismatches between the coverage of the population data and the student data mean that the participation rates may be underestimated for countries such as Luxembourg that
              are net exporters of students and may be overestimated for those that are net importers.
              1. Year of reference 2008.
              2. Excludes advanced research programmes.
              Source: OECD. Argentina and Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.
Table C2.1    Note: Mismatches between the coverage of the population data and the new-entrants data mean that the entry rates for those countries that are net exporters of students may be
              underestimated and those that are net importers may be overestimated. The adjusted entry rates seek to compensate for that.
              Please refer to Annex 1 for information on the method used to calculate entry rates (gross rates versus net rates) and the corresponding age of entry.
              1. Adjusted entry rates correspond to the entry rate when international students are excluded.
              2. 20%, 50% and 80% of new entrants, respectively, are below this age.
              3. Year of reference 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina, China, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.




Table C2.2    Note: Columns showing entry rates for the years 2001-04 (i.e. Columns 3-6, 14-17) are available for consultation on line (see StatLink below).
              Please refer to Annex 1 for information on the method used to calculate entry rates (gross rates versus net rates) and the corresponding age of entry.
              1. The entry rates for tertiary-type A programmes include advanced research programmes for 1995, 2000-03 (except for Belgium and Germany).
              2. Break in the series between 2008 and 2009 due to a partial reallocation of vocational programmes into ISCED 2 and ISCED 5B.
              Source: OECD. Argentina, China, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader’s Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.



Table C3.1    1. Year of reference 2008.
              2. Excludes private institutions.
              3. Percentage in total tertiary underestimated because of the exclusion of certain programmes.
Table C4.1a   1. Data refer to 15-24 year-olds.

Table C4.2a
              1. Students in work-study programmes are considered to be both in education and employed, irrespective of their labour market status according to the ILO definition.



Table C5.3a   1. Year of reference 2008.
              2. Year of reference 2006.
              3. Year of reference 2005.
Table D1.1    1. "Ages 12-14" covers ages 12-13 only.
              2. Minimum number of hours per year.
              3. Estimated minimum numbers of hours per year because breakdown by age not available.
              4. Year of reference 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). China: The Ministry of Education, Notes on the Experimental
              Curriculum of Compulsory Education, 19 November 2001. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.


Table D2.1    1. Year of reference 2006.
              2. Year of reference 2008.
              Source: OECD. Argentina, China, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.




Table D2.2    1. Includes only general programmes in upper secondary education.
              2. Public institutions only (for Australia, for Tertiary-type A and advanced research programmes only; for Ireland, at pre-primary and secondary levels only; for Israel, at pre-primary
              level only; for Italy, from pre-primary to secondary level; for the Russian Federation, at primary level only).
              3. Excludes independent private institutions.
              4. Year of reference 2008.
              5. Excludes part-time personnel in public institutions at lower secondary and general upper secondary levels.
              Source: OECD. Argentina, China, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.


Table D3.1    1. Actual salaries.
              2. Salaries after 11 years of experience for Columns 2, 6 and 10.
              Source: OECD. Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.

Table D3.2    1. Tertiary-type A programmes are largely theory-based and are designed to provide qualifications for entry into advanced research programmes and professions with high knowledge
              and skill requirements. Tertiary-type B programmes are classified at the same level of competence as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally oriented and usually
              lead directly to the labour market.
              2. Year of reference 2010 for Columns 10 to 12.
              3. Actual salaries for Columns 1, 2 and 3.
              1. Actual salaries.
Table D3.3
              2. Salaries after 11 years of experience.
              Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Please refer to the Reader's Guide for information concerning the symbols replacing missing data.
Table D3.4    1. Salaire réel.
              2. Salaire après 11 ans d'exercice.
              Source : OCDE. Données relatives à l'Indonésie : Institut de statistique de l'UNESCO (Programme des indicateurs de l'éducation dans le monde). Voir les notes à l’annexe 3
              (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).
              Les symboles représentant les données manquantes figurent dans le Guide du lecteur.


Table D4.1    1. Actual teaching and working time.
              2. Year of reference 2008.



Table D6.3    1. Relative risk refers to the risk associated with being a member of a potentially vulnerable sub-population (e.g. immigrant students) compared with the risk associated with not being
              a member of the potentially vulnerable sub-population (e.g. non-immigrant students).
              2. Population relevance expresses the proportion of the total prevalence of an outcome, such as low reading scores, that is associated with membership in the potentially vulnerable
              population.

								
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