Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies (KHS) 2008-09 Newsletter Faculty Spotlight By Dr. Sarah Erbaugh and Ms. Linda Jiménez DR. MARIANE FAHLMAN Inside this issue The Kathleen Reilly Koory Endowed Faculty Development Award for 2009 has been awarded to Dr. Mariane Fahlman, Associate Professor in the Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies. The Kathleen Reilly Koory Faculty Development award was established in 2004 by Howard and Beverly Reilly in memory of their daughter Kathleen Stewart Alternative Teacher Prep: Reilly Koory. Kathleen was a College of Education alumnus and a teacher in Utica School District for 27 years. Health p. 2 Visiting Scholars from Over the past 14 years, she has been primarily responsible for preparing future health teachers. Dr. Mariane Fahlman is China p. 3 committed to teaching individuals how to teach as well as modeling appropriate teaching behavior. Her passionate commitment to teach earned her the prestigious WSU ―President’s Award for Excellence in Teaching‖ in 2008. Learning Communities p. 4 Dr. Fahlman serves on multiple committees in the College of Education and strongly believes that academic service should COE Tech Mini-Grants p. 5 be extended to the community. Her service to the Michigan Department of Education in developing teacher standards for NIH Grant on Sleep health education and standards for K — 12 lessons plans earned her the 2009 Kathleen Reilly Koory Endowed Faculty and Exercise p. 6 Development Award. Research Projects Relating to Obesity p. 7 DR. HERMANN-J. ENGELS KHS Research Publications p. 8 The College of Education’s Faculty Leadership Award and Scholarship is awarded in honor of the chair of the College of Education’s Assembly, the official governing body of the college’s faculty and academic staff. The current chair is KHS Research Presentations p. 9 Dr. Hermann-J. Engels, Professor of Exercise Physiology in the Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies. He also serves as an academic coordinator of the field-based clinical internships for students pursuing Exercise and Sport Student Research p. 10 Science degrees. VAC’s Community Dr. Engels’ research focuses on the explanation of acute and chronic physiological responses to exercise in humans. He Programs p. 11 has an established record of research designed to promote a better understanding of the interaction between selected Graduate, Teaching and nutritional factors and human performance. His research demonstrates his tireless commitment to advancing the existing Research Assistants p. 12 body of knowledge on how exercise can affect functional abilities and health in both pediatric and adult populations. New Ph.D. in Kinesiology p. 13 Dr. Engels is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and of the Research Consortium of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education and Recreation (AAHPERD). He was the recipient of the 2009 AAHPERD KHS’s Year in Review p. 14 Midwest District Scholar Award. He has an extensive record of extraordinary service to the major professional organizations in his field. Continued on page 2 Faculty Awards continued DR. NATE MCCAUGHTRY Dr. Nathan McCaughtry, associate professor of Pedagogy, Kinesiology and Physical Education, has been awarded one of the university’s prestigious Career Development Chair Awards. The Wayne State University Career Development Chair Awards provide recipients with financial support, encouragement and recognition at critical times in their career. Dr. Nate McCaughtry’s nomination summary, printed in the 2009 Academic Recognition Ceremony program, read as follows: ―He has directed the nationally-known Detroit Healthy Youth Initiative, a partnership between Wayne State, Detroit Public Schools, and the Michigan Fitness Foundation. With $1.8 million in support, this initiative has touched students in nearly all of Detroit’s public elementary and middle schools. This project has also generated significant research focusing on the role of schools in improving the health of youth in urban areas. In 2007, he was recognized with the Academy of Scholars’ Outstanding Junior Faculty Award. With this new award, Dr. McCaughtry will expand Generation with Promise—a pilot program involving Wayne State, the Michigan Department of Community Health, and the Michigan Fitness Foundation—into a statewide model for effective school-based health interventions.‖ In addition, the Wayne State Alumni Association proudly honored Nate McCaughtry for outstanding service to the community and the university with its Faculty Service Award. Professor McCaughtry has been recognized as the top young scholar and professional in his specialty area of health and physical education. In his eight years of service at Wayne State, he has fostered the improvement of health and fitness levels of Detroit youth from kindergarten to eighth grade. His research project, the Detroit Healthy Youth Initiative, a partnership of the Detroit Public Schools and the Michigan Fitness Foundation, has improved the quality of schools’ physical education and health programs. He is a highly successful member of the faculty who has enriched the university and the community in many ways. In recognition of his exemplary service, the Wayne State University Alumni Association presented Dr. Nate McCaughtry received Dr. McCaughtry with the 2009 Faculty Service Award. 2009 Faculty Service Award by Provost and Sr. Vice President of Academic Affairs, Nancy Barrett. Michigan is 9th in Obesity Alternative Teacher Preparation: Health By Dr. Mariane Fahlman A 2009 CDC report shows that the nation's waistline is still The Health program of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies collaborated with the State of Michigan growing, or holding steady in Department of Education and the Michigan Model Coordinators from Wayne, Oakland, Macomb and some states however, it is not Monroe counties to complete the Alternative Preparation Program in Health Education. This program shrinking at all. was designed for uncertified teachers with six to twenty-five years of experience who were teaching The CDC released its latest health education in the school systems. Due to the mandate, after 2010 they would no longer be able to obesity statistics based on inter- teach unless they attained the health endorsement, regardless of their expertise and experience. Since views conducted last year with the program’s inception in 2007, approximately 70 full-time, currently-employed teachers have more than 400,000 U.S. adults completed the program. The Alternative Preparation Program consists of three courses covering who reported their height and weight. planning, methods of teaching, and evaluation for health education that were designed specifically for these teachers and offered during the spring/summer sessions. In addition to the completion of the Overall, 26.1% of U.S. adults three courses, these teachers must pass the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) in Health were obese in 2008, compared to 25.6% in 2007. education. We are pleased to announce that our teachers’ pass rate is 100 percent. It is our privilege to offer this successful program and collaborate with surrounding school districts to ensure that employed The report showed that 28.9% of teachers are meeting professional standards. Michigan adults are obese. This places Michigan as the 9th most obese state. The results also show that adult obesity is most common in Mississippi and rarest in Colo- rado, which is the only state in the nation where less than 20% of adults are obese. 2 Sports Administration By Dr. Delano Tucker Mr. Christopher Floyd, former star running back at the The Sports Administration program has a history of University of Michigan and New England Patriots, outstanding faculty, enrolling outstanding students and superb landed a remarkable assignment at the NFL Players Sports Administration Association in Washington DC. student internship placement. Our enrollment has been stable Research over the last several years and the program continues to attract This is glimpse of the myriad of field-based opportunities to students from a variety of undergraduate disciplines. Upon which our students are exposed to which enhances our graduation, our students are academically prepared to assume program. roles in their respective profession. We also have a community service component in our Sports While all of the internship placements are stellar, we would By Dr. Yun Seok Choi Administration program: the Volunteers, Administrators, and like to highlight several: Coach (VAC) program. Mr. Ron Simpkins is the Program Dr. Choi was the Principal Investigator Director and ensures smooth operations. The VAC program Ms. Raina Harmon is a former collegiate basketball star has been operating for more than 10 years, during which it of a study titled ―Understanding Sport at Central Michigan University.. She secured a volun- Spectator Behavior in Women’s Sports‖. successfully secured grant funding from a variety of He received $10,000 from the University teer position with the 2009 NCAA Men’s Collegiate organizations and foundations. Please see page 7 of this Research Grant Award program. Basketball Championship which is more commonly newsletter for more information regarding VAC. known as the ―Final Four.‖ Ms. Harmon was responsi- The purpose of the study was twofold. ble for recruiting volunteers from metro Detroit to Our Sports Administration field research is conducted by Dr. The first part had two objectives: 1) To participate in a competition of continuous dribble of a Yung Choi and Dr. Delano W. Tucker. Dr Choi specializes in professional sports and organizational behavior with an develop a measurement scale for basketball during the Final Four festivities. She gained assessing motivational factors and the emphasis on customer satisfaction. Dr. Choi has made many valuable experience as an administrator and great presentations regarding his research and has recently level of spectator involvement for lessons about risk management. presented his findings in South Korea. women’s sports; 2) To examine the psychometric properties, including Mr. Dan Dardarian is a graduate of West Bloomfield Dr. Tucker is engaged in researching the intrinsic and extrin- sic motivation for athletic participation in secondary and post- reliability and construct validity, for High School where he was the school’s newspaper secondary institutions. His research activities are supported both measurement scales. In the second sports editor. Prior to enrollment in our program, he by Mr. Leonard Fritz and Mrs. Laurel Whalen, both graduates part, the study aimed to profile the worked as an intern at ABC’s local affiliate, Channel 7. of the Wayne State University Sports Administration spectator behavior at women’s sports in He started by covering sporting events that no one else Program. order to investigate the affects of seemed to want. Luckily for him, Channel 7 became Sports Administration concluded the year with an annual motivational factors such as perceived besieged by various requests for the Final Four event reception that recognizes current graduates and unites former value, involvement opportunity, fan and he was thrown into the trenches. He learned to use graduates. This year’s reception was titled ―Recruit ONE for identification, reference group. On the a camera and conduct interviews with some of the most the Sports Administration Program‖ and the guest speaker level of sport spectator involvement, was Mr. Jeff Reeves, former football player of the University famous coaches Division I basketball. Mr. Dardarian there were two aspects: socio- of Michigan and the Seattle Seahawks. After his football was rewarded with two tickets for the championship career, Mr. Reeves spent more than 20 years with Fortune 500 p s yc h o l o g ic a l a nd b e ha v i o ra l game for always working on a deadline and handling a companies, then became a senior vice-president of Sam’s involvements, and to examine potential ―live feed‖. Club ( a division of Walmart). He has recently written a book differences in involvement with respect titled ―The Art of Branding Yourself‖. His words of wisdom to the socio-demographics of sport were inspirational for all who attended the reception. spectators. Dr. Choi began data collection in the fall of 2009. Visiting Scholars from China By Dr. Qin Lai and Dr. Bo Shen This past year, KHS had the pleasure of hosting three doctoral students from Beijing Sport University (BSU). The students, Hongyan Yu, Gaofeng Li, and Jian Sun, were sponsored by Drs. Hermann Engels, Qin Lai, and Bo Shen to pursue between six to twelve months of research and training at WSU. Mr. Li and Mr. Sun expanded their professional development by attending the 2009 AAHPERD convention. The WSU faculty graciously engaged the BSU students in various conferences, workshops and discussions. The students even visited faculty members’ homes and were exposed to American culture at many From left to right: Dr. Jian Wang, Mr. Jian Sun, different levels. It was an amazing experience that not only widened Dean Paula Wood, Dr. Sarah Erbaugh, their academic horizon but also allowed for the development of Ms. Hongyan Yu, Mr. Gaofeng Li long-lasting American friendships. Drs. Lai, Martin, and Shen have agreed to sponsor one new BSU doctoral student for the 2009-2010 academic year. In addition to the BSU students, KHS was fortunate to host Dr. Jian Wang, a professor and dean of the School of Physical Education at Central China Normal University. Since January 2009 he has been a visiting scholar working with Dr. Bo Shen in the division of KHS. Dr. Wang’s research focuses on curriculum and instruction in physical education. As a prestigious scholar in China, Dr. Wang has written two books and has had over 60 publications in Chinese peer-reviewed journals. He is a recipient of the prestigious General Administration of Sports of China grant to study K-12 and collegiate physical education. We believe that Dr. Wang’s visit to KHS will lead to a formal strategic partnership between the two universities. An international collaboration will provide unprecedented opportunities for all faculty and students in physical education globally. We intend to 3 continually attract outstanding Chinese students to pursue advanced degrees at WSU. Learning Communities Kinesiology Learning Community Teacher Prepartion and Development By Ms. Carla Palffy, Ms. Joyce Krause and Dr. John Wirth By Dr. Bo Shen The KHS Learning Community reaches out to Kinesiology, Health and Exercise Science students. It also welcomes any students in the Kinesiology, Health or Sport Studies Our Learning Communities (LC) program has operated for three successful years. There programs. Chanterius Brock, Rodney Puis and Robert Wozniak were the peer mentors are two groups and all students in the Kinesiology, Health and Sports Administration this past year; they met with students on a weekly basis. programs are welcome to attend any of the events. The primary purpose of the Learning Communities is to encourage socialization and communication between students and The KHS Learning Communities program coordinated a guest speaker appearance by faculty and enhance academic achievement. This is especially important in an urban Wayne State professor Dr. Cynthia Bir. Dr. Bir gave a lecture to LC members entitled university such as Wayne State. ―Biomechanics and the Science behind FOX SPORTS television show. Dr. Bir, an associate professor in the WSU Biomedical Engineering Department, is the resident This past academic year, we organized three theme-related workshops that included sport scientist on the Emmy Award winning show ―Sports Science‖ on the Fox Sports career development, preparation for the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification TV network. She is currently working on research that examines sports impact injury (MTTC), and subject knowledge review. Our peer mentors offer support and have assessment and ballistic impact testing. worked closely with the students participating in the LC program. Based on surveys and verbal feedback, students had very positive attitudes and satisfaction with the mentor and There were an estimated 40 students and faculty in attendance to hear Dr. Bir’s lecture, the series of workshops. during which she openly shared her current research at Wayne State in addition to her experiences with the television show ―Sports Science‖. This lecture was part of the In order to make the LC more effective, we are planning to create a website where video Kinesiology LC’s lecture series. clips, PowerPoint slides, and notes from the workshops can be obtained at the convenience of our dynamic students. Moreover, our peer mentors will offer office In the coming year the KHS Learning Community will be led by peer mentors: hours and online conference time to better serve our target audience. As well as MTTC Debora Correa, Prijasha Patel, Brandon Poliquin, Chanterius Brock, Rodney Pius and related workshops, we will design other professional development workshops such as Robert Wozniak. They will be leading interest groups such as coaching, studying review common issues in teaching physical education, resume writing, and employment for anatomy/physiology, physical conditioning, and MTTC testing throughout the year. searching strategies. The Teacher Preparation and Development Learning Community We look forward to continuing to provide these valuable series and hope to open the plans its programs specifically for pedagogy students, preparing them for the job lectures to the entire Wayne State community. market and the state certification test. Sandra Sovey was a senior and the peer mentor for this past year. She maintained weekly office hours to help students with class work or state test questions. There were also workshop sessions in which Doug Curry, Qin Lai, Suzanna Dillon, and Amy Tischler answered class-related questions for the MTTC. Practicing physical education teachers, Brenda Crane from Harper Woods and Don Smith from Detroit Public Schools, presented lessons on classroom management and teaching methods for stunts and tumbling. Feedback has been positive but we hope to reach even more students this academic year. Tim Solden will lead the way as the new peer mentor. We hope that the interactive website will be a resource that will be productively utilized. There will be much more interaction with the Kinesiology Learning Community as well. Pedagogy students will be invited to join a Learning Community on the first day of class and get a Kinesiology tee shirt. Homecoming will be an inclusive social event this year. We look forward to a new year of social interaction and professional development. From left to right: Alyssa Baldin, Heather Glowacz, Dr. Bir, Brittany Zecches What is a Learning Community? Learning Communities are guiding learning principles for students to adjust to college life and achieve academically. Learning communities provide support through study sessions, peer mentoring, and other social activities. It is the responsibility of Wayne State faculty and staff to help students achieve goals and be successful. It is the responsibility of the student to ask questions, be involved, and to ask for help when needed. In a learning community, faculty and students intentionally work to achieve academic success and foster the sense of camaraderie. For more information please visit http://lc.wayne.edu. 4 COE Technology Mini-Grant By Dr. John Wirth and Dr. Suzanna Dillon the physical education teacher education program (PETE) in the College of Education, are challenged to produce educators that are digitally literate and can A College of Education technology mini-grant, optimize the learning environment for their students. Currently, local physical titled, ―No Faculty Left Behind‖ has been education programs use pedometers, heart rate monitors, time-delayed video awarded to Dr. John Wirth. Many grants have feedback and Dartfish-analyzed video feedback, Dance Dance Revolution, personal focused on the enhancement of online learning or creating new online courses; digital assistants and WebQuests with their students. The school districts have an however, for those faculty who developed online courses years ago, there has been expectation that our graduates are prepared with knowledge and skills to integrate little funding toward further enhancing existing online activity. These pioneering technology into their teaching. More importantly, our students must continue to faculty have thus been designated ―left behind‖. Dr. Wirth proposed and secured a develop technology-rich learning environments for their students. mini-grant that will provide for significant upgrades to current online courses. The purpose of the funding is to integrate advances in hardware and software technology Dr. Dillon’s project has several objectives: 1) To create a sample physical education into these current online courses. For example, two major software integrations into website inclusive of a blog and podcasts; 2) To create a ―how to‖ video module Blackboard are WIMBA (voice and/or video chat) for a student communication using the sample website, blog and podcasts; 3) To implement the modules within option and Adaptive Release Rules (AAR). These software programs will enhance KIN 5530 Technology and Assessment in Physical Education to support in-class facilitation of student workflow and productivity. learning experiences. The undergraduate and graduate students will utilize class experiences and the online video modules to develop their own website, blog and Dr. Suzanna Rocco Dillon was awarded a $2,000 grant for her project titled podcasts for use within their respective K-12 physical education programs. ―Websites, Blogs and Podcasts in Physical Education: Changing Trends via PE 2.0.‖ Examples include: posting physical activity calendars, blogs providing parents with The proposed project aims to enhance student learning opportunities for physical pertinent program information or PE homework, and student blogs sharing their education majors and to provide them with the skills and knowledge to create a work. The students will also gain experience using iPod Touches with K-12 students technically-rich learning environment for their students. and local physical education programs. The current K-12 student population are digital natives; they prefer dynamic participation in their learning, and can process knowledge more readily through video, audio and visuals than plain text. Teacher preparation programs, including Generations with Promise Grant By Dr. Nate McCaughtry Generation With Promise (GWP) is in its second year of the three year implementation cycle. GWP is a partnership between the Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH), the Michigan Fitness Foundation, the Michigan Department of Education, Wayne State University, and the University of Michigan. This partnership links Governor Jennifer Granholm’s Cities of Promise with MDCH’s Michigan Steps Up in an effort to empower middle school youth in underserved communities across Michigan to utilize schools as vehicles for youth health improvement in the areas of policy, environmental, and behavior change. The project is generously funded through a $5,000,000 grant from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation and is spearheaded by Dr. Kimberlydawn Wisdom, Michigan’s Surgeon General. KHS faculty Dr. Nate McCaughtry, Dr. Jeff Martin, and doctoral student Sara Flory have been in a leadership capacity with GWP from its inception, serving as consultants and evaluators on numerous areas of the project. Dr. Martin leads the health-related physical fitness evaluations (PACER test measuring cardiorespiratory endurance, push-up test to measure arm and shoulder strength) in all project schools, and analyzes this data for comparison with other middle-school students both locally and nationally. Dr. McCaughtry and Sara Flory examine cultural competence, the process whereby they seek to identify cultural distance that might exist between the project, the schools, students, families and communities served, and to develop strategies to bridge that distance in constructive and meaningful ways. This process affects project staff and evaluators, the development and implementation of project assessments (fitness testing practices, survey instruments), and the curricular interventions such as the EPEC Personal Conditioning module, Michigan Model for Health Education Nutrition and Tobacco modules used for project teachers. In the first year, each school formed a Coordinated School Health Team consisting of students, parents, PE and health teachers, principals, and a representative from the food service department. Teams completed the Healthy School Action Tool to examine the health environment at their schools, and then, based on the assessments, designed action plans to improve or further support initiatives addressing any identified deficiencies. GWP awarded each school $25,000 to support implementation of their action plans, which are aimed at helping students move more, eat better, and not smoke. The potential of this project to make substantive, sustainable changes in the lives and school experiences of youth in these underserved communities is enormous. We look forward to and are encouraged by the success realized in the past project year. 5 An Adventure Orientation Program for Freshmen By Chris Nolan to legally download music, and dozens of other topics not covered in your In a concentrated effort to increase standard university orientation program. The upperclassmen lead the students in retention at Wayne State University, team building activities that are physically challenging and mentally stimulating. Director of Campus Recreation Christy The activities focus on communication and leadership styles. Students learn how Nola n a nd Ass istant Director to pass along advice for the next year’s class of incoming freshmen and prepare Jovita Scrogin created Kinesiology 2560 an introspective piece on how the student has changed in is/her first semester. Fr e s h me n Q u es ts , a p ro gra m implemented to better transition high The whole experience has been amazing. It is great to see students with no school seniors to college life both outdoor experience at all learn to communicate with each other to move a canoe academically and socially. Freshmen 30+ miles in beating sun or driving rain. It is also invigorating to see the ―couch Quests is a 2-credit college course. It potato‖ student realize that the/she can participate in a physical activity and have consists of a two-night, three-day fun while doing so. canoeing trip on the AuSable River in the summer prior to the student’s first semester of college and then follow-up In terms of retention the initial outlook is promising. The Freshmen Quests classroom sessions in the fall term. students are more involved on campus, have jobs, and are seeking help with their academics. Some have already changed their majors to find a better fit with their The Department of Campus Recreation provides all camping and outdoor gear; personalities and long term goals. Research has begun on the pilot groups and students need only to supply their own clothing. A pre-trip meeting is held to the program has doubled in size for 2009. For more information on Wayne State answer questions and discuss important topics such as the menu and clothing. University’s Freshmen Quest program contact Chris Nolan by email at Students are fed exceptionally well: beef and chicken kabobs, burgers and hot email@example.com or phone at (313) 993-4378. dogs, blueberry pancakes and fresh eggs are just a sample of the offerings. Groups of 14 freshmen are led on the trip by upperclassmen who have ―lived to tell their tale.‖ Incoming freshmen learn about online networking, identity theft, time management, physical and mental health, buying textbooks, parking, how NIH Grant on Sleep and Exercise Research By Dr. Hermann-J Engels When it comes to improving overall health, few activities are cited as frequently as exercising regularly and getting enough sleep. These activities are not only important in their own right, but now appear to be connected. Research in recent years has uncovered exercise’s ability to help people fall asleep faster and stay in deeper stages of sleep longer, revealing that a better night’s sleep could be attainable without the prescription sleep aids that some people use. Specific exercise regimens may be the answer for those who have trouble sleeping. Jean Davis, Ph.D., associate professor and assistant dean for adult health in WSU’s College of Nursing, and Dr. Hermann-J. Engels and Dr. Jean Davis Hermann-Josef Engels, Ph.D., professor of exercise physiology in WSU’s College of Education, have been working to find a solution to getting a better night’s sleep. Funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, their interdisciplinary team conducted a study to determine whether a personalized exercise program could serve as a non-pharmacological treatment for sleep problems. They focused specifically on post-menopausal women, a group for which disrupted sleep or difficulty falling asleep is one of the most common complaints. ―We’re interested in intervening by actually offering someone a prescription for improving their sleep that doesn’t involve drugs. This is what makes this study unique,‖ Dr. Davis said. While working as a faculty member at the University of Florida, Davis became interested in the topic after learning of the negative side effects of prescription sleep medications. Though exercise is often suggested by health care professionals as a sleep aid alternative, literature review revealed a lack of objective scientific studies on the topic. Of the previous exercise studies that were conducted, many focused on athletes and people who weren’t currently suffering sleep problems. Wanting to assess the potential benefits of exercise on disrupted sleep specifically in postmenopausal women, Dr. Davis approached Dr. Engels upon joining Wayne State in 2003. Eager to co-pioneer research on the understudied topic, he enthusiastically agreed to join forces. In order to keep as many confounding factors out of their study group as possible, Davis and Engels disqualified subjects with health problems that included sleep apnea, hypertension, obesity and heart disease, downsizing the group of approximately 600 women interested in the study to fewer than 40. At the beginning, subjects underwent a maximal oxygen uptake (or VO2 max) test in the WSU Exercise Physiology Laboratory to assess their physical work capacity, and then given an individualized exercise prescription. The workout program consisted of a 16-week, home-based walking program conducted five times per week for 30 minutes per session at a moderate level of intensity. The same rigor was applied to measuring subjects’ sleep patterns throughout the study. With their study complete, Davis and Engels are in the process of analyzing the extensive amount of data collected. Though the results will heavily influence the direction of subsequent research, their interests include the therapeutic aspects of passive and active body warming on sleep patterns and exercise ―intervention‖ therapies for postmenopausal women suffering from hypertension or other chronic ailments. Regardless of the possible ensuing study topics, Engels and Davis plan to continue cooperative ventures that integrate their expertise. 6 Research Projects Relating to Obesity By Dr. Bo Shen obesity prevention program targeting urban, minority preschoolers. The program’s impact on children’s food preferences, nutrition knowledge, physical activity level, BMI percentile, Studies show that physical activity rates steeply decline during the high school years. and cholesterol level is being evaluated. The research is an important step in our long-term Activity rates among female adolescents, especially among African-American girls, are goal to identify interventions to improve the weight and health trajectories of at-risk, consistently lower than among male adolescents. There is a consensus among public health minority children. Our study reflects the collaboration of four departments within Wayne professionals that physical education-based interventions are the most appropriate avenue to State University: Nutrition and Food Science; Kinesiology; Pediatrics; Merrill Palmer promote physical activities for all school-age children. However, despite such promise for Skillman Institute. This study of young children in Head Start Programs is funded by a grant the promotion of public health, there is a steady decline in physical education interest with award of $226,918 from the WSU Research Enhancement Program. age. Girls, in particular, are less likely than boys to elect physical education when it is not a required course and are more likely to report less positive attitudes toward physical There are two part-time KHS research assistants working with Dr. Bo Shen on his education. motivational and obesity prevention research projects: Adolescent Females’ Intentions and Participation in Elective Physical Education Tamara Rinehart-Lee Dr. Shen is leading a project to investigate urban adolescent females’ intentions and actual participation in elective physical education. The specific aims are threefold: (a) To what Tamara Rinehart-Lee earned her bachelor’s degree from Wayne State extent is urban female adolescents’ overall physical activity associated with participation in University and then graduated from several teacher-training programs elective physical education; (b) Identify the primary factors that influence urban adolescent in yoga and Pilates. She has been teaching yoga and Pilates to females’ intentions and enrollment in elective physical education; (c) To what extent can children and adults for ten years in various community programs such urban female adolescents’ motivational experiences in mandatory school physical education as the Metro Detroit YWCA, YMCA and studios. She taught yoga for influence their subsequent elective physical education enrollment status. This $50,000 three years at Birmingham Covington Elementary School and Wayne State University. project was sponsored by the Wayne State University Research Enhancement Program in Tamara is currently earning her master’s degree and teaching certification in English and Social Science and Humanities. Currently, we have finished the first wave of data collection French as well as a teaching endorsement in physical education under Dr. Shen. and are working diligently to analyze data and disseminate our preliminary finding to practitioners. Tamara is working with Dr. Shen on research for two projects: ―Motivating Urban Girls in Physical Education‖ and ―Programming for Physical Education in Preschools‖. She is very An Obesity Prevention Program for Head Start Children interested in the benefits of mind/body practices for differing demographic groups. Childhood obesity has become an epidemic and is emerging as a public health crisis in the Arika R. Hunt United States. According to the Center for Disease Control, the rate of obesity among U.S. preschool children alone has doubled during the past 30 years. Due to these trends, Arika R. Hundt, an undergraduate student in Kinesiology, earned a promoting a healthful diet and adequate physical activity among young children has become Wayne State University Undergrad Research and Creative Projects a national health objective. Head Start classrooms offer untapped opportunities for Award. She has been working with Dr. Shen on a project entitled developing and evaluating effective obesity-prevention strategies to reach both low-income ―High School Adolescents’ Amotivation in Physical Education‖ since and minority children and their parents. Preschool settings can lay the foundation for health winter 2009. She will present her work at the WSU Research Conference in November of and create an environment to ensure that young children are offered healthful foods and 2009. regular physical activity. The overall goal of this study is to examine the effectiveness of an Cost of Obesity Spending on healthcare for obese American adults increased 82% between 2001 and 2006 according to a recent government report compiled by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. In 2001, expenditures for obese Americans totaled $167 billion compared with $303 billion in 2006. Costs for adults who were overweight rose 36% during that time period while costs for normal-weight adults increased by 25%. The report noted that healthcare expenditures for obese Americans accounted for 35% of all costs in 2006. During the years of 2001 to 2006, the number of obese Americans increased from 48 million to 59 million people. Obese people are much more likely to suffer from several chronic health conditions. We hope that these figures will draw the attention of lawmakers and other authorities discussing healthcare reform. Perhaps the top goal of healthcare reform should be preventing obesity, and the myriad of health problems it causes, in our children. 7 KHS Research Publications Publications Benedict, R.J., Lai, Q., Engels, H.-J., & Erbaugh, S.J. Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B., Martin, J.J., & McCaughtry, N. (2008). Using social (2009). In search of relationship between BMI classification Brewert, B., & Flory, S. (2008). Designing a survey cognitive theory to predict physical activity in inner-city and balance acquisition. Research Quarterly for Exercise & instrument assessing middle school students’ nutrition African American school children. Journal of Sport and Sport, 80, A45-46. behavior. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, Exercise Psychology, 30, 378-391. A32. Benedict, R., Lai, Q., Erbaugh, S.J., Li, G., & Yu, H. Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., Hodges Kulinna, P., Cothran, (2009). Effects of anthropometric factors on balance Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B., D., & Faust, R. (in press). Influences of a physical acquisition among youths. Journal of Sport and Exercise Brewert, B., & Flory, S. (2008). Racial disparities in education curriculum mentoring program on teachers’ Psychology, 31, S26-27. nutrition behaviors: Targeted interventions needed. curricular and physical activity self-efficacy. Professional Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, A21. Development in Education. Bingham, C., Rocco Dillon, S., & McCaughtry, N. (2009). In the dark: Physical education teachers’ perceptions of the Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B., Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., Hodges-Kulinna, P., & IEP process. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, Flory, S., & Tischler, A. (2009). Teachers’ self-efficacy Cothran, D. (2008). The influences of professional A100-101. regarding nutrition education increases after inservice development on teachers’ self-efficacy toward educational training. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, change. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 13, 1-20. Brewert, B., McCaughtry, N., Fahlman, M.M., Martin, J., & A26. Shen, B. (2008). Challenges of teaching nutrition education Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., Hodges Kulinna, P., & in urban middle schools. Research Quarterly for Exercise Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B., Cothran, D. (2008). The effectiveness of mentoring based and Sport, 79, A19-20. Flory, S., & Tischler, A. (2009). Quality health education professional development on physical education teachers’ increases students’ nutritional knowledge and behaviors. pedometer and computer efficacy and anxiety. Journal of Brewert, B., McCaughtry, N., Fahlman, M.M., Martin, J., & Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, A26. Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 68-82. Shen, B. (2008). Urban school nutrition: Lacking institutional coherence and ―underground vending‖. Flory, S., McCaughtry, N., & Hall, B. (2009). Teachers’ Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., Murphy, A., & Wisdom, K. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, A20. perceptions of PETE preparation for teaching in urban (in press). Using social cognitive theory to predict physical schools. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, activity and fitness in at-risk middle school children. Choi, Y. S., Martin, J. J., & Park, M. (2008). Relationship A56. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. between organizational culture and job satisfaction in professional baseball league. International Journal of Gretebeck K. A., Filliung D., Black, D. R., Blue, C.L., & Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N. & Shen, B. (2008). Predicting Applied Sport Science, 20(2), 59-77. Gretebeck, R.J. (in press). Determinants of physical activity physical activity in inner-city Hispanic American children. in older adults with peripheral vascular disease. Medicine Hispanic Health Care International, 6, 150-157. Choi, Y. S., & Scott, K. D. (2009). Dynamics of and Science in Sports and Exercise. organizational culture in professional baseball. Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., & Shen, B. (2008). Predicting International Journal of Sport Management, 10(2), 65-85. Gretebeck, R.J., Karapetian, G.K., Gretebeck K.A., & physical activity in Arab American children. Journal of Djuric, Z. (in press). Self efficacy, physical activity, and Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 205-219. Choi, Y. S., & Scott, K. D. (2008). Assessing organizational fitness in overweight and obese African American breast culture using the competing values framework within cancer survivors. Medicine and Science in Sports and Martin, J. J., & Waldron, J. J., McCabe, A., & Choi, Y. S. American Triple-A baseball. International Journal of Sport Exercise. (2009). The impact of ―girls on the run‖ self-concept and Management & Marketing, 4(1), 33-48. fat. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 1, 1-13. Hackney, K.J., J-Engels, H.-J., & Gretebeck, R.J. (2008). Choi, Y. S., & Shen, B. (2009). Sport spectator involvement Resting energy expenditure and delayed onset muscle McCaughtry, N., & Dillon, S. (2008). Learning to use PDAs of professional women’s basketball. Research Quarterly of soreness following full-body resistance training with an to enhance teaching: The perspectives of pre-service Exercise and Sport, 80, A106. eccentric concentration. Journal of Strength and physical educators. Journal of Technology and Teacher Conditioning Research, 22(5):1602-1609. Education, 16, 483-508. Cothran, D., McCaughtry, N., Faust, R., Hodges Kulinna, P., & Martin, J. (in press). E-mentoring in physical Hodges Kulinna, P., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Cothran, McCaughtry, N., Tischler, A., & Flory, S. (2008). The education: Promises and pitfalls. Research Quarterly for D., & Faust, R. (2008). The influence of professional ecology of the gym: Reconceptualized and extended. Quest, Exercise and Sport. development on teachers’ psychosocial perceptions of 60, 268-289. teaching a health-related physical education curriculum. Cothran, D., McCaughtry, N., Smigell, S., Garn, A., Hodges McCaughtry, N., Oliver, K., Dillon, S., & Martin, J. (2008). Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 289-304. Kulinna, P., Faust, R., & Martin, J. (2008). Teachers’ Teachers’ perspectives on pedometers as instructional preferences on the qualities and roles of a mentor teacher. Karapetian, G., J-Engels, H.-J., & Gretebeck, R.J. (2008). technology in physical education: A cautionary tale. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 241-251. Use of heart rate variability to estimate LT and VT. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 83-99. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(8):652-7. Dillon, S. R., McCaughtry, N., & Hummel, S. (in press). Obrusnikova, I., Block, M. E., & Dillon, S. R. (in press). School districts’ hiring practice for new physical educators. Karapetian, G.K. & Gretebeck R.J. (in press). Predicting Eliciting children's beliefs toward playing with peers with The Physical Educator. exercise training intensity in obese African American breast disabilities in physical education. Adapted Physical Activity cancer survivors. Medicine and Science in Sports and Quarterly. Engelbrecht, K., Engels, H.-J., Davis, J.E., & Yarandi, H.N. Exercise. (2009). Actigraphy assessment of the effects of circuit Oliver, K., Hamzeh, M., McCaughtry, N., & Chacon, E. training exercise on sleep in healthy, morning-type women. Lai, Q., Benedict, R.J., Keating, X., & Kovcs, A. (2009). (2009). Girly girls can play games/La niñas pueden jugar Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41(5). Implicit motor learning enhances retention in a dual task. tambien:‖ Co-creating a curriculum of possibilities with Journal of Tianjin University of Sport, 24, 138-141. fifth-grade girls. Journal of Teaching in Physical Engels, H.-J., White, R.L., & Lai, Q. (2009). Comparison of Education, 28, 1-22. selected warm-up procedures in young female soccer Lai, Q., Benedict, R., Zhang, H., & Erbaugh, S.J. (2008). players. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport, 80, A17- Effects of augmented feedback on feed-forward control in Patel, T.H., Spague, S. Lai, Q., Jimenez, D.F., Barone, 18. balance acquisition. Proceedings of 2008 Olympic Science S.M., & Ding, Y. (2008). Blood brain barrier (BBB) Congress. Beijing: People’s Sports. dysfunction associated with increased expression of tissue Engels, H.-J., Yarandi, H., & Davis, J.E. (2009). Utility of and urokinase plasminogen activators following peripheral an ingestible capsule for core temperature measurements Lai, Q., Zhang, H., Chen, Y., & Yi, H. (2008). Physical thermal injury. Neuroscience Letters, 444, 222-226. during body warming. Journal of Exercise Physiology 12 fitness in relation to self-reported fitness, health and body (1), 1-9. image. Proceedings of 2008 Olympic Science Congress. Pius, R., White, R.L., Lai, Q., & Engels, H.-J. (2009). Place Beijing: People’s Sports. kicking kinematics following static and dynamic stretching Engels, H.-J., Yarandi, H., & Davis, J. (2008). Utility of an warm-ups in female high school varsity soccer. Medicine & ingestible capsule for core temperature measurements Lin, Y.P., Gretebeck, K.A., Bailey, T., Ronis, D., & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41, 454-455. during active and passive body warming. Medicine and Gretebeck, R.J. (in press). Gender and body mass index Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(5), S366-S367. related differences in predictors of physical activity among Sabatini,L.M., Gretebeck K. A., Struble, L., Ronis, D., white collar workers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Black, D. R., Blue, C.L., & Gretebeck, R.J. (in press). Body Fahlman, M.M., Dake, J., McCaughtry, N., & Martin, J. Exercise. mass index, function, and physical activity in hypertensive (2008). A pilot study to examine the effects of a nutrition older adults: Theory of planned behavior. Medicine and intervention on knowledge, behaviors, and self-efficacy in Martin, J. J., & Choi, Y. S. (2009). Parent's physical activity Science in Sports and Exercise. middle school children. Journal of School Health, 78, related perceptions of their children with disabilities. 216-222. Disability and Health Journal, 2(1), 9-14. Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., & Martin, J. (2008). Urban adolescents’ exercise intentions and behaviors: An Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B., Martin, J.J., & McCaughtry, N. (2009). Physical activity exploratory study of a trans-contextual model. Brewart, B., & Flory, S. (in press). Socio-economic and fitness in inner city Hispanic American children. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 33, 841-858. disparities in dietary knowledge, behaviors and self- Hispanic Health Care International, 7, 21-29. efficacy: Targeted interventions needed. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. Continued on page 9 8 KHS Research Presentations Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., & Martin, J. (2008). The AAHPERD National Convention, Tampa, FL 2009 NCPERID National Consortium, Reston, VA 2009 influence of domain specificity on motivation in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, Benedict, R., Lai, Q., Engels, H.-J., & Erbaugh, S.J. In Dillon, S. R., Roth, K., Driver, S. & Shapiro, D. 333-343. search of relationship between BMI classification and Introduction to APE – What is the lecture about? balance acquisition. Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., & Fahlman, M.M. (in Dillon, S. R., & Driver, S. Adapted physical activity press). Motivational profiles and their influences in physical Bingham, C, Dillon, S. R., & McCaughtry, N. In the dark: research: Promoting research opportunities for junior education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. PE teachers' perceptions of the IEP process. faculty. Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., & Fahlman, M.M. (in Engels, H.-J., White, R.L., & Lai, Q. Comparison of NASPSPA Annual Conference, Austin, TX 2009 press). Motivational profiles and their associations with selected warm-up procedures in young female soccer players. Benedict, R., Lai, Q., Erbaugh, S.J., Li, G., & Yu, H. achievement outcomes, Journal of Teaching in Physical Effects of anthropometric factors on balance acquisition Education. Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B., among youths. Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., & Fahlman, M.M. Flory, S., & Tischler, A. Quality health education increases students’ nutritional knowledge and behaviors. Zhang, H., Chen, Y., & Lai, Q. Body composition and (2009). Effects of teacher autonomy support and students’ physical fitness in relation to body image. autonomous motivation on learning in physical education. Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B., Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, 44-53. National Presentations Flory, S., & Tischler, A. Teacher’s self-efficacy regarding Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., & Fahlman, M.M. nutrition education increases after in-service training. Ennis, C.D., McCaughtry, N., & Silverman, S. (2008). An (2009). Urban adolescents’ motivation profiles in physical elephant in the room: Conducting meaningful pedagogy Flory, S., McCaughtry, N., & Hall, B. Teachers’ education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, research in the public health policy climate. Paper presented perceptions of PETE preparation for teaching in urban A73. at the annual meeting of the American Educational schools. Research Association, New York City, NY. Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Fahlman, M.M., & Hall, H.L., & Fahlman, M.M. Effects of teacher preparation Brewert, B. (2008). Effects of learning climate and Flory, S., & McCaughtry, N. (2009). Culturally competent on self-efficacy of pre-service health teachers. autonomous motivation on learning in physical education. school-based health initiatives. Paper presented at the Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, A63. Lai, Q., & Erbaugh, S.J. International initiative of education annual meeting of the Choices: The Conference that and research in kinesiology. Celebrates Food, Health, and Collaboration, Lansing, MI. Tischler, A. & McCaughtry, N. (in press). PE is not for me: When boys’ masculinities are threatened. Research Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Fahlman, M.M., Obrusnikova, I., Block, M. E., & Dillon, S. R. (2008). Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. Flory, S., & Tischler, A. Urban adolescents' motivation Children's beliefs about playing with peers with disabilities profiles in physical education. in physical education. Paper presented at the 9th North Tischler, A., & McCaughtry, N. (2009). Boys’ gender American Federation of Adapted Physical Activity identities: Physical education, masculinity discourses, and Tischler, A., & McCaughtry, N. Boys’ gender identities: Symposium, Indianapolis, Indiana. safe methodologies. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Physical education, masculinity discourses, and safe Sport, 80, A79. methodologies. International Presentations Uhl, B. & Dillon, S. R. (2009). Dartfish video analysis in Uhl, B. & Dillon, S. R. Dartfish video analysis in secondary Lai, Q., Benedict, R., Zhang, H., & Erbaugh, S.J. (2008). secondary physical education: A pilot study. Research physical education: A pilot study. Effects of augmented feedback on feed-forward control in Quarterly of Exercise and Sport, 80, A80. balance acquisition. Paper presented at the International AERA Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA 2009 Convention on Science, Education, and Medicine in Sport, Wingert, R. K., Shen, B., Choi, Y. S., Li, W., Sun, H., & Guangzhou, China. Rukavina, P. (2009). A motivation model in physical Ferry, M., McCaughtry, N., & Hodges Kulinna, P. Social education. Research Quarterly of Exercise and Sport, 80, and emotional dimensions of teachers’ knowledge. Lai, Q., Zhang, H., Chen, Y., & Yi, H. (2008). Physical A82. fitness in relation to self-reported fitness, health and body Flory, S., & McCaughtry, N. Culturally relevant physical image. Paper presented at the International Convention on Zhang, H., Chen, Y., & Lai, Q. (2009). Body composition education in urban schools. Science, Education, and Medicine in Sport, Guangzhou, and physical fitness in relation to body image. Journal of McCaughtry, N. Developing sufficient data collection China. Sport and Exercise Psychology, 31, S145-146. protocols in qualitative research. Martin, J. J. (2008). Disability in Physical Education. Zhang, H., Lai, Q., Chen, Y., & Yi, H. (2008). Body image Tischler, A., & McCaughtry, N. Boys’ gender identities: Invited Keynote Address at the 10th International Sport and body composition in Chinese college students. Physical education, masculinity discourses and safe Sciences Congress, Bolu, Turkey. Proceedings of 2008 Olympic Science Congress. Beijing: People’s Sports. methodologies. Martin, J. J. (2009). Challenges to sport psychology in the Tischler, A., & McCaughtry, N. A profile of disengaged APA domain. Invited Keynote Address at the 17th Scholarly Book boys in physical education: Characteristics, perceptions, and International Symposium on Adapted Physical Activity, Wang, Y., Lai, Q., Chen, W., Hao, H., & Zhang, R. (in physical activity patterns. Gävle, Sweden. press). Comparisons between Chinese and American Obrusnikova, I., Dillon, S. R., & Block, M. E. Middle college sport education. Beijing: Higher Education. Obrusnikova, I., Dillon, S. R., & Block, M. E. (2009). school students' intentions to play with peers with Predicting middle school students’ intentions to interact disabilities: Using the theory of planned behavior. with peers with disabilities in physical education: Presentations Preliminary findings. Paper accepted to the International NASSS Annual Conference, Denver, CO 2008 ACSM Annual Conference, Seattle, WA 2009 Symposium on Adapted Physical Activity, Bollnas, Choi, Y. S., Park, M., & Martin, J. J. Motivational factors Sweden. Engelbrecht, K., Engels, H.-J., Davis, J.E., & Yarandi, H.N. influencing sport spectator behavior in women’s Actigraphy assessment of the effects of circuit training Zhang, H., Lai, Q., Chen, Y., & Yi, H. (2008). Body image professional basketball games. Paper presented at the exercise on sleep in healthy, morning-type women. and body composition in Chinese college students. Paper Annual Conference of the North Society of Sport Sociology presented at the International Convention on Science, Fahlman, M.M., & Hall, H.L. Resistance training and (NASSS) Education, and Medicine in Sport, Guangzhou, China. activities of daily living training improves functional NASSM Annual Conferences performance in elderly women. Choi, Y. S. (2008). Impact of sport sponsorship experience Pius, R., White, R.L., Lai, Q., & Engels, H.-J. Place kicking at the Super Bowl on purchase intension. Paper presented at kinematics following static and dynamic stretching the Annual Conference of the North American Society for warm-ups in female high school varsity soccer players. Sport Management (NASSM), Toronto, Canada. ACSM – Midwest Conference, Bowling Green, OH 2008 Yoh, T., Choi, Y.S., & Park, M. (2009). Effective Askerov, J., & Lai, Q. Effect of skating techniques on speed communication channels for charitable sporting events: A of quick start in hockey. case Study of Relay For Life. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the North American Society for Sport Pius, R., White, R.L., Lai, Q., & Engels, H.-J. Place kicking Management (NASSM), Columbia, South Carolina. kinematics following static and dynamic stretching warm-ups in female high school varsity soccer. 9 Student Research By Dr. Nate McCaughtry Ms. Sara Flory and Ms. Amy Tischler are doctoral candidates in the Department of Kinesiology, Health, and Sport Studies in the College of Education at Wayne State University working with Dr. Nate McCaughtry. Ms. Flory works as a graduate research assistant on a project led by the Michigan Surgeon General titled Generation With Promise and Ms. Tischler works as a graduate teaching assistant instructing several courses for physical education pedagogy majors. We are pleased to announce that both students recently received national recognition as emerging scholars and researchers in the field of physical education. Sara Flory was awarded the Ruth Abernathy Presidential Scholarship at the 2009 American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD) convention in Tampa, Florida. The presidential scholarship is awarded to graduate students who have demonstrated the highest excellence in physical education. Candidates must be nominated by their state association, then their AAHPERD district, and finally must be selected from a national candidate pool. Sara was specifically recognized for maintaining a 4.0 GPA throughout her studies, her success in teaching at both the K-12 and university level, and her impressive achievements as a promising scholar through research publications. She also played a key role in coordinating and administrating two prestigious , externally funded research projects and by providing professional service to the College. The award includes a $1,500 stipend, $300 travel grant, and a three-year complimentary membership to AAHPERD. Amy Tischler was awarded the Graduate Student Research Award by the American Educational Research Association (AERA) Special Interest Group (SIG) Research on Learning and Instruction in Physical Education at the 2009 national convention in San Diego, California. The award is presented to the graduate student who is the lead author of the paper which is accepted with the highest rated score by the reviewers for the annual meeting program. She was recognized for her paper, PE is Not For Me: When Boys’ Masculinities are Threatened. The award includes a $200 travel stipend. We are extremely proud of both students’ accomplishments and look forward to their future success. They demonstrate a high-quality work ethic and unquestionably deserving of these highly competitive awards. The College of Education extends congratulations to both. Lifestyle Fitness Activity — Yoga By Ms. Judy Anderson Each semester the Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies (KHS) offers 20 different Lifetime Fitness Activities (LFA) classes for the Wayne State University community. The subjects range from fitness, individual and team sports to martial arts classes. These classes are extremely popular, as demonstrated by capacity enrollment each semester. One of the preferred courses that enrolls to capacity every registration period is yoga. Raluca Metea teaches two class a semester for the Division. The LFA yoga class helps relieve stress while strengthening and increasing flexibility in the body. While yoga will certainly increase athletic mobility, students also learn time-tested techniques that will sustain their bodies through their lifetimes. Yoga is not competitive nor is the achievement of pretzel-like postures the goal. Rather, students are encouraged to map the unique potentialities and limitations of their own bodies. Each yoga class consists of a variety of physical warm-ups, alignment, breathing exercises, postures (known as asanas), and relaxation exercises. Asanas are one of the major techniques of yoga. Their benefits range from the physical level to the spiritual, thereby making yoga known as a holistic practice. The word yoga comes from the Sanskrit root, yuj, meaning to join, to yoke, or to unite. Yoga refers to the union of the individual self with the universal self. Five thousand years ago, sages developed the practice of asanas specifically to relieve the pain and discomfort involved in seated meditation and to improve the workings of all the systems of the body. However, the impact of yoga is not just physical: if practiced correctly and with sincerity, freedom from one’s busy mind is also attained. Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar, living yoga master and one of Time Magazine’s 100 most influential people of the 20th century, describes yoga as ―an ancient art based on an extremely subtle science, one of the body, mind, and soul. The prolonged practice of yoga will lead the student to a sense of peace and a feeling of being at one with his or her environment.‖ The regular practice of yoga can help practitioners face the turmoil of life with steadiness and stability. Other important benefits include improved circulation and digestion, reduced stress, improved self-image, and increased energy levels. Whether you are twenty-five or sixty-five, join a session of yoga inspired by the Iyengar tradition. While emphasizing physical alignment and deep breathing, yoga practice will restore energy, provide healing, reduce stress and soothe the mind. 10 Southeastern Michigan Regional Physical Education Workshop By Ms. Joyce Krause Wayne State University College of Education staff/faculty who presented were Brenda th Knowles (Zumba) and Dr. Suzanna Dillon (GLCEs in your lesson plans). Of course, The 19 Annual Southeast Michigan Health and Physical Education Workshop was held there was an abundance of WSU graduates who also presented including Deanna Miller on March 7, 2009 at Holmes Middle School in Livonia. This workshop was sponsored by (visuals in the gym), Kim Maljak (hip-hop), Jamie Grant (elementary adventure), and the Michigan Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Shannon Tonkin (advocacy). The other presenters were all from various universities and (MAHPERD) and Wayne State University’s KHS division. Many teachers from the school districts, including Catholic and charter schools. tri-county school districts helped with the workshop’s coordination. There were 150 participants in the workshop this year and the evaluations were evidence of the best Dr. Sarah Erbaugh, Dr. Suzanna Dillon, Dr. Nate McCaughtry, and Dr. Bo Shen gave workshop in 19 years! WSU’s kinesiology majors were in attendance and the exuberance introductory remarks at the opening ceremonies. They made an enthusiastic recruitment of youth was a joy to behold in the sessions. pitch to attendees encouraging them to send students to WSU or enroll themselves in a graduate program. We are creatively finding ways to attract students in the KHS program; this workshop enables us to reach many potential teachers and future administrators. Dr. Suzanna Dillon instructing a technology session at the Southeast Michigan Health and Physical Education Workshop. VAC’s Community Programs By Mr. Ron Simpkins number of our youth coaches as well. The Housing Commission funding brought the Village of Parkside, Woodbridge, Smith Homes, and the Brewster Homes as supporting The VAC project is a community service component in the KHS Division’s Sports collaborators. The summer program has been extremely successful over the years. We Administration program. It has establish a successful partnership with the Greater Detroit continued our summer Sport and Technology program at Macomb Community College. Agency for the Blind and Visually Impaired and the Detroit Day School for the Deaf. Mr. Ed Stanton and Mr. Henry Washington, former graduates of our Sports These organizations give children the opportunity for empowerment through physical Administration program, have been critical to our continued success. activity and sports participation. Initially, DTE Energy was our sole sponsor. We have since secured funding from the The VAC administration with the help of Detroit Day School for the Deaf modified Youth Development Commission and the Detroit Recreation Youth Division. We also activities to provide adaptive sport skills development for the children. With funding significantly bolstered the support from the Detroit Housing Commission. YouthVille provided by the Community Foundation for Southeastern Michigan and the Detroit Youth Detroit and the Detroit Public Library were instrumental in funding support of this Foundation, VAC has administered activities in Judo, Double Dutch jump rope, year-round program. Sport is used as the incentive to get the children excited and basketball, and golf for the last three years. The program’s coaches were students from technology sessions are then introduced as a supplemental area of interest. The Detroit Western High School, Eastern Michigan University and our own College of technology instruction includes how to access the internet, set-up an e-mail address, send Education Sports Administration program. These individuals were trained by VAC staff and receive e-mail, and explores various occupations via the internet. The children use to serve as the coaches and officials for the various sports. They were also trained for Lego kits to design and make various projects that are aligned with learning computer adaptive sports since the participating children were deaf, hearing impaired, blind or sight software such as Computer Assisted Design (CAD). impaired. This year we secured additional funding from the Carls Foundation which allowed an offering of summer Sport and Technology Camps as well. We have worked tirelessly to seek additional funding and sponsors, and the support from WSU’s College of Education and the Division of KHS has spearheaded our success. The VAC program has operated for over 12 years and served over 1,300 youth. Additional funding from the Detroit Housing Commission increased the number of Self- Esteem Camps and the Self-Esteem Football Camps. We were able to doubled the Students who participated in VAC’s Sport and Technology summer program. 11 Graduate Teaching and Research Assistants Danielle Jacobs is currently a graduate student in the Phil Dittmer earned his B.A. in Exercise Science from Master's of Arts in Teaching Physical Education program Adrian College. He is currently working on his master's with a minor in Health. She is currently working with degree in Kinesiology with a major in Sports Psychology Dr. Suzanna Dillon on adapted physical education research under the supervision of Dr. Jeff Martin. His research topic projects. Danielle is a 2007 graduate of Madonna for his thesis is body dysmorphia in male college-aged University with a Bachelor of Science in Sport Management students and the effect it could have on their physiology. and a recent graduate of the Master's of Arts in Sports Phil currently teaches First Aid/CPR, Basic Weight Administration program in the College of Education. Her professional goals Training, and Psychophysiological Foundations of Physical Activity at the include teaching physical education and health at the secondary level undergraduate level. Phil also has a background as a personal trainer. His future and eventually moving into athletics administration as an athletics director for a plans are to continue with his education at Wayne State University by obtaining his high school. doctorate in Exercise Physiology. Amy Tischler earned her bachelor’s and master’s degrees Matt Ferry earned his bachelor’s degree in Physical from WSU and has spent the last eight years teaching Education Pedagogy from the University of Wisconsin at physical education in the Livonia School District. She is Oshkosh in 2003. After teaching elementary school currently a doctoral student in Curriculum and Instruction physical education in Charlotte, NC for two years he with a specialty in Kinesiology under the supervision of attended Arizona State University, earning a master’s Dr. Nate McCaughtry. Her research interests involve degree in Kinesiology and completing one year of doctoral understanding how disengaged/low-skilled boys experience studies in Curriculum and Instruction. Matt transferred to physical education and other physical activity cultures. In addition to taking WSU in the fall of 2008 and is a doctoral student under the supervision of doctoral classes and conducting research, Amy is also involved in teaching Dr. Nate McCaughtry. His research interests include investigating the social forces undergraduate and graduate content courses including, Adventure and Fitness that influence content and curriculum selection in secondary school physical Education, Movement and Dance Education, and Sport Education. education, and examining the nature of teachers’ social and emotional work. This past year Matt was a research assistant and physical activity instructor on an interdepartmental project that provided Head Start’s youth in the Detroit area with Sara Barnard Flory earned her B.S. in Movement Science physical activity and nutrition lessons. and Athletic Training from the University of Michigan and her M.A.T. from Wayne State University. While working on her master’s degree, Sara worked as a Graduate Randolph Hull earned his bachelor’s and master’s Research Assistant for the Detroit Healthy Youth degrees from Wayne State University. He is enrolled in Initiative, a federally funded grant program that focused the Sports Administration Program where he and his son on improving health and physical education programs in Maleik Hull work with participants in many youth Detroit Public Schools. Her master’s thesis was published in Research Quarterly programs offered by the VAC program within KHS. His for Exercise and Sport. Sara has experience teaching K-8 physical education and son is currently serving as a youth mentor with the VAC health and is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Curriculum and Instruction with a program and works with many community-based specialty in Kinesiology under the supervision of Dr. Nate McCaughtry. Her projects sponsored by WSU/VAC. Randolph received his first published abstract research interests involve defining and developing culturally relevant physical through NASPSPA this year for work he completed related to physical activity education programs from the perspectives of students, teachers, parents, and levels and fundamental movement skills of preschool age children enrolled in curriculum writers. various Head Start programs in Detroit. Mr. Hull also is working on the completion of the Education Specialist Certificate through the College of Education and plans to enter one of the doctoral programs next semester. Ronny Benedict is a Graduate Assistant who teaches weight training and is assisting with motor behavior research. He successfully presented his study entitled ―Effects of anthropometric factors on balance acquisition among youths‖ at the annual conference of the North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) in the summer of 2009. At the present time Ronny is working on his thesis under the direction of Drs. Qin Lai and Hermann Engels. It focuses on the relationship between overweight/obesity and postural control among youths. 12 Student Scholarships By Ms. Joyce Krause Many generous benefactors have contributed funds for academic scholarships to the Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies. Thoughtful alumni working in the metro area, as well as others who are now deceased, have given these funds to help the students in our division. This is a wonderful legacy for current students as well as a very personal and meaningful way for donors to ―give back‖ to the university. Twenty students majoring in health, physical education or sport studies applied for scholarships this past year and each received scholarships to aid in their academic pursuits. The following students have been awarded scholarships for the academic year 2009-10: Brian Alford, Sports Administration — Sports Administration Scholarship and The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed Memorial Scholarship in Memory of Dr. Chalmer Hixson Brandon Adolph, Brent Biebuyck, Randolph Hull, Benjamin Seymour , Sports Administration — The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed Memorial Scholarship Amy Boehmer, Pedagogy — Joyce Krause/Detroit Public Schools Endowed Scholarship and Kinesiology Scholarship Ricardo Castillo, Danielle Jacobs, Gentjan Pjetrushaj, John Rudzinski, Amy Tischler, Eboni Turnbos, Pedagogy — The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed Memorial Scholarship Robert Foscarin, Pedagogy — The Leila Walters Hagen Annual Scholarship Fairy Green, Health — The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed Memorial Scholarship David Mihelcich, Justin Morton, Shweta Shah, Zach Simkins, Exercise Science — The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed Memorial Scholarship Gentjan Pjetrushaj, Pedagogy — Salvador and Linda Jiménez Family Annual Scholarship The scholarships were awarded at a college-wide ceremony on May 19, 2009. During the upcoming academic school year there will be a phone campaign to help fund the KHS Scholarship Fund. If you are interested in establishing a scholarship, please contact Joanne Osmer, Director of Development, at (313) 577-1664. If you wish to apply for a scholarship for the 2009-10 academic year, please visit www.coe.wayne.edu to access the application. New Ph.D. Program in Kinesiology By Dr. Randall Gretebeck and Assistant Dean, KHS, Dr. Sarah Erbaugh The Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies (KHS) within the College of Education is pleased to announce that on July 1, 2009 the WSU Board of Governors approved the establishment of a Doctor of Philosophy program in Kinesiology effective the fall semester of 2009. The new Ph.D. in Kinesiology program will prepare students to become teachers and researchers at institutions and other venues requiring Ph.D.-trained professionals. Students may select concentrations in either Exercise and Sport Science or Physical Education Pedagogy. Furthermore, students will be offered unique opportunities to conduct research in urban settings and to develop a breadth of knowledge across related disciplines such as nutrition, physical therapy, medicine and education. The program will follow the policies and procedures for Ph.D. programs already established by the WSU Graduate School and by the College of Education. It requires a minimum of 100 credit hours including: 30 credits of dissertation; statistics and research methods courses; doctoral seminars; and cognate and elective courses. KHS faculty members have a scholarly achievement record commensurate with faculty in similar programs that offer doctoral degrees, and they are establishing a successful record of providing extramural funding for their graduates. The new Ph.D. program in Kinesiology will enable faculty with doctoral students to pursue larger and more ambitious research programs. In addition, it will help the division attract new faculty who have aggressive research agendas. The potential impact is very promising. Nationally, Wayne State’s program will be one of only five doctoral programs offered by urban institutions. This new program gives us a unique opportunity to offer a state-of-the-art doctoral program and to conduct cutting-edge research addressing urban issues. The KHS faculty envision that each area of concentration - Physical Education Pedagogy and Exercise and Sport Science - will have several graduate research assistants working on various projects. Each laboratory group will function as a learning community by working collaboratively and sharing research ideas and experiences. Peer learning through laboratory working groups is an important component of doctoral programs in Kinesiology. An increased level of vigor is expected after a few years, and this should lead to an increased level of external funding for research in the Division of KHS. More information about this new doctoral program is located on our website at www.kinesiology.wayne.edu or by contacting Dr. Randall Gretebeck and members of the KHS doctoral committee members (Drs. H-J. Engels, N. McCaughtry, J. Martin, and M. Fahlman.) 13 Division of KHS Dr. Sarah Erbaugh, Dr. Sarah Erbaugh, Assistant Dean Wayne State University KHS Assistant Dean College of Education Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies 261 Matthaei Building Detroit, MI 48202 Phone (313) 577-5998 KHS’s Year in Review Fax: (313) 577-5999 Newsletter Editor: Linda Jiménez The 2008-09 academic year in the Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies was productive in many respects. It is very exciting to review and to share our major accomplishments with colleagues, students and alumnae. This year, for the first time, we hosted several visiting scholars and also a distinguished professor from China. This international outreach project expanded our knowledge and experiences as well as theirs. Several faculty members including Drs. Fahlman, McCaughtry, and Engels, received prestigious awards from the university and also from their respective professional associations. Their accomplishments are noteworthy. Additionally, several of our students were recognized nationally. Lastly, our new Ph.D. program in Kinesiology was approved by the university in July 2009. The graduate faculty who contributed to the preparation of the proposal are extremely proud of this accomplishment. Congratulations to all! Website — www.coe.wayne.edu/kinesiology The College of Education’s Division of KHS Wayne State University’s College of Education is located in and serves the needs of one of the nation's largest metropolitan areas. Thus, the College reflects the dynamic character of urban life and is sensitive to the special experiences, conditions and opportunities presented by a culturally diverse student body. Consistent with its urban mission, the University utilizes the city’s vast cultural, social and scientific resources to stimulate research. Faculty members in Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies have active research agendae in which students maybe engage. Our students are expected to participate, and they have many professional contacts within the University and the community. These experiences assist students seeking internships and employment.
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