Faculty Spotlight by pengxuezhi


									                                              Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies (KHS)
                                                                2008-09 Newsletter

Faculty Spotlight
By Dr. Sarah Erbaugh and Ms. Linda Jiménez

                                                                                                                           Inside this issue
The Kathleen Reilly Koory Endowed Faculty Development Award for 2009 has been awarded to Dr. Mariane Fahlman,
Associate Professor in the Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies. The Kathleen Reilly Koory Faculty
Development award was established in 2004 by Howard and Beverly Reilly in memory of their daughter Kathleen Stewart        Alternative Teacher Prep:
Reilly Koory. Kathleen was a College of Education alumnus and a teacher in Utica School District for 27 years.             Health                       p. 2
                                                                                                                           Visiting Scholars from
Over the past 14 years, she has been primarily responsible for preparing future health teachers. Dr. Mariane Fahlman is
                                                                                                                           China                        p. 3
committed to teaching individuals how to teach as well as modeling appropriate teaching behavior. Her passionate
commitment to teach earned her the prestigious WSU ―President’s Award for Excellence in Teaching‖ in 2008.                 Learning Communities         p. 4
Dr. Fahlman serves on multiple committees in the College of Education and strongly believes that academic service should   COE Tech Mini-Grants         p. 5
be extended to the community. Her service to the Michigan Department of Education in developing teacher standards for
                                                                                                                           NIH Grant on Sleep
health   education and standards for K — 12 lessons plans earned her the 2009 Kathleen Reilly Koory Endowed Faculty
                                                                                                                           and Exercise                 p. 6
Development Award.
                                                                                                                           Research Projects Relating
                                                                                                                           to Obesity                   p. 7
DR. HERMANN-J. ENGELS                                                                                                      KHS Research
                                                                                                                           Publications                 p. 8
The College of Education’s Faculty Leadership Award and Scholarship is awarded in honor of the chair of the College of
Education’s Assembly, the official governing body of the college’s faculty and academic staff. The current chair is        KHS Research
                                                                                                                           Presentations                p. 9
Dr. Hermann-J. Engels, Professor of Exercise Physiology in the Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies. He
also serves as an academic coordinator of the field-based clinical internships for students pursuing Exercise and Sport    Student Research             p. 10
Science degrees.                                                                                                           VAC’s Community
Dr. Engels’ research focuses on the explanation of acute and chronic physiological responses to exercise in humans. He     Programs                     p. 11
has an established record of research designed to promote a better understanding of the interaction between selected       Graduate, Teaching and
nutritional factors and human performance. His research demonstrates his tireless commitment to advancing the existing     Research Assistants          p. 12
body of knowledge on how exercise can affect functional abilities and health in both pediatric and adult populations.      New Ph.D. in Kinesiology     p. 13
Dr. Engels is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and of the Research Consortium of the American
Alliance of Health, Physical Education and Recreation (AAHPERD). He was the recipient of the 2009 AAHPERD                  KHS’s Year in Review         p. 14
Midwest District Scholar Award. He has an extensive record of extraordinary service to the major professional
organizations in his field.

                                                                                                Continued on page 2
Faculty Awards continued

Dr. Nathan McCaughtry, associate professor of Pedagogy, Kinesiology and Physical Education, has been awarded one of the university’s prestigious Career
Development Chair Awards. The Wayne State University Career Development Chair Awards provide recipients with financial support, encouragement and
recognition at critical times in their career. Dr. Nate McCaughtry’s nomination summary, printed in the 2009 Academic Recognition Ceremony program, read as
follows: ―He has directed the nationally-known Detroit Healthy Youth Initiative, a partnership between Wayne State, Detroit Public Schools, and the Michigan
Fitness Foundation. With $1.8 million in support, this initiative has touched students in nearly all of Detroit’s public elementary and middle schools. This project
has also generated significant research focusing on the role of schools in improving the health of youth in urban areas. In 2007, he was recognized with the
Academy of Scholars’ Outstanding Junior Faculty Award. With this new award, Dr. McCaughtry will expand Generation with Promise—a pilot program
                              involving Wayne State, the Michigan Department of Community Health, and the Michigan Fitness Foundation—into a statewide
                              model for effective school-based health interventions.‖

                             In addition, the Wayne State Alumni Association proudly honored Nate McCaughtry for outstanding service to the community and
                             the university with its Faculty Service Award. Professor McCaughtry has been recognized as the top young scholar and professional
                             in his specialty area of health and physical education. In his eight years of service at Wayne State, he has fostered the improvement of
                             health and fitness levels of Detroit youth from kindergarten to eighth grade. His research project, the Detroit Healthy Youth
                             Initiative, a partnership of the Detroit Public Schools and the Michigan Fitness Foundation, has improved the quality of schools’
                             physical education and health programs. He is a highly successful member of the faculty who has enriched the university and the
                              community in many ways. In recognition of his exemplary service, the Wayne State University Alumni Association presented
Dr. Nate McCaughtry received Dr. McCaughtry with the 2009 Faculty Service Award.
2009 Faculty Service Award
by Provost and Sr. Vice
President of Academic Affairs,
Nancy Barrett.

     Michigan is 9th
       in Obesity                             Alternative Teacher Preparation: Health
                                               By Dr. Mariane Fahlman
  A 2009 CDC report shows that
  the nation's waistline is still              The Health program of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies collaborated with the State of Michigan
  growing, or holding steady in                Department of Education and the Michigan Model Coordinators from Wayne, Oakland, Macomb and
  some states however, it is not
                                               Monroe counties to complete the Alternative Preparation Program in Health Education. This program
  shrinking at all.
                                               was designed for uncertified teachers with six to twenty-five years of experience who were teaching
  The CDC released its latest                  health education in the school systems. Due to the mandate, after 2010 they would no longer be able to
  obesity statistics based on inter-           teach unless they attained the health endorsement, regardless of their expertise and experience. Since
  views conducted last year with               the program’s inception in 2007, approximately 70 full-time, currently-employed teachers have
  more than 400,000 U.S. adults
                                               completed the program. The Alternative Preparation Program consists of three courses covering
  who reported their height and
                                               planning, methods of teaching, and evaluation for health education that were designed specifically for
                                               these teachers and offered during the spring/summer sessions. In addition to the completion of the
  Overall, 26.1% of U.S. adults                three courses, these teachers must pass the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) in Health
  were obese in 2008, compared to
  25.6% in 2007.                               education. We are pleased to announce that our teachers’ pass rate is 100 percent. It is our privilege to
                                               offer this successful program and collaborate with surrounding school districts to ensure that employed
  The report showed that 28.9% of              teachers are meeting professional standards.
  Michigan adults are obese. This
  places Michigan as the 9th most
  obese state.

  The results also show that adult
  obesity is most common in
  Mississippi and rarest in Colo-
  rado, which is the only state in
  the nation where less than 20%
  of adults are obese.

 Sports Administration
   By Dr. Delano Tucker                                                     Mr. Christopher Floyd, former star running back at the
   The Sports Administration program has a history of                        University of Michigan and New England Patriots,
   outstanding faculty, enrolling outstanding students and superb            landed a remarkable assignment at the NFL Players              Sports Administration
                                                                             Association in Washington DC.
   student internship placement. Our enrollment has been stable                                                                                   Research
   over the last several years and the program continues to attract
                                                                       This is glimpse of the myriad of field-based opportunities to
   students from a variety of undergraduate disciplines. Upon
                                                                       which our students are exposed to which enhances our
   graduation, our students are academically prepared to assume
   roles in their respective profession.
                                                                       We also have a community service component in our Sports
   While all of the internship placements are stellar, we would                                                                                             By Dr. Yun Seok Choi
                                                                       Administration program: the Volunteers, Administrators, and
   like to highlight several:
                                                                       Coach (VAC) program. Mr. Ron Simpkins is the Program               Dr. Choi was the Principal Investigator
                                                                       Director and ensures smooth operations. The VAC program
        Ms. Raina Harmon is a former collegiate basketball star
                                                                       has been operating for more than 10 years, during which it
                                                                                                                                          of a study titled ―Understanding Sport
         at Central Michigan University.. She secured a volun-                                                                            Spectator Behavior in Women’s Sports‖.
                                                                       successfully secured grant funding from a variety of               He received $10,000 from the University
         teer position with the 2009 NCAA Men’s Collegiate
                                                                       organizations and foundations. Please see page 7 of this           Research Grant Award program.
         Basketball Championship which is more commonly
                                                                       newsletter for more information regarding VAC.
         known as the ―Final Four.‖ Ms. Harmon was responsi-                                                                              The purpose of the study was twofold.
         ble for recruiting volunteers from metro Detroit to           Our Sports Administration field research is conducted by Dr.       The first part had two objectives: 1) To
         participate in a competition of continuous dribble of a       Yung Choi and Dr. Delano W. Tucker. Dr Choi specializes
                                                                       in professional sports and organizational behavior with an         develop a measurement scale for
         basketball during the Final Four festivities. She gained                                                                         assessing motivational factors and the
                                                                       emphasis on customer satisfaction. Dr. Choi has made many
         valuable experience as an administrator and great             presentations regarding his research and has recently              level of spectator involvement for
         lessons about risk management.                                presented his findings in South Korea.                             women’s sports; 2) To examine the
                                                                                                                                          psychometric properties, including
        Mr. Dan Dardarian is a graduate of West Bloomfield            Dr. Tucker is engaged in researching the intrinsic and extrin-
                                                                       sic motivation for athletic participation in secondary and post-   reliability and construct validity, for
         High School where he was the school’s newspaper               secondary institutions. His research activities are supported      both measurement scales. In the second
         sports editor. Prior to enrollment in our program, he         by Mr. Leonard Fritz and Mrs. Laurel Whalen, both graduates        part, the study aimed to profile the
         worked as an intern at ABC’s local affiliate, Channel 7.      of the Wayne State University Sports Administration                spectator behavior at women’s sports in
         He started by covering sporting events that no one else       Program.
                                                                                                                                          order to investigate the affects of
         seemed to want. Luckily for him, Channel 7 became             Sports Administration concluded the year with an annual            motivational factors such as perceived
         besieged by various requests for the Final Four event         reception that recognizes current graduates and unites former      value, involvement opportunity, fan
         and he was thrown into the trenches. He learned to use        graduates. This year’s reception was titled ―Recruit ONE for       identification, reference group. On the
         a camera and conduct interviews with some of the most         the Sports Administration Program‖ and the guest speaker
                                                                                                                                          level of sport spectator involvement,
                                                                       was Mr. Jeff Reeves, former football player of the University
         famous coaches Division I basketball. Mr. Dardarian                                                                              there were two aspects: socio-
                                                                       of Michigan and the Seattle Seahawks. After his football
         was rewarded with two tickets for the championship            career, Mr. Reeves spent more than 20 years with Fortune 500       p s yc h o l o g ic a l a nd b e ha v i o ra l
         game for always working on a deadline and handling a          companies, then became a senior vice-president of Sam’s            involvements, and to examine potential
         ―live feed‖.                                                  Club ( a division of Walmart). He has recently written a book      differences in involvement with respect
                                                                       titled ―The Art of Branding Yourself‖. His words of wisdom
                                                                                                                                          to the socio-demographics of sport
                                                                       were inspirational for all who attended the reception.

                                                                                                                                          Dr. Choi began data collection in the fall
                                                                                                                                          of 2009.

 Visiting Scholars from China
                                                            By Dr. Qin Lai and Dr. Bo Shen

                                                            This past year, KHS had the pleasure of hosting three doctoral students
                                                            from Beijing Sport University (BSU). The students, Hongyan Yu,
                                                            Gaofeng Li, and Jian Sun, were sponsored by Drs. Hermann Engels,
                                                            Qin Lai, and Bo Shen to pursue between six to twelve months of
                                                            research and training at WSU. Mr. Li and Mr. Sun expanded their
                                                            professional development by attending the 2009 AAHPERD convention.
                                                            The WSU faculty graciously engaged the BSU students in various
                                                            conferences, workshops and discussions. The students even visited
                                                            faculty members’ homes and were exposed to American culture at many
From left to right: Dr. Jian Wang, Mr. Jian Sun,
                                                            different levels. It was an amazing experience that not only widened
Dean Paula Wood, Dr. Sarah Erbaugh,
                                                            their academic horizon but also allowed for the development of
Ms. Hongyan Yu, Mr. Gaofeng Li
                                                            long-lasting American friendships. Drs. Lai, Martin, and Shen have
                                                            agreed to sponsor one new BSU doctoral student for the 2009-2010
                                                            academic year.

In addition to the BSU students, KHS was fortunate to host Dr. Jian Wang, a professor and dean of the School of Physical
Education at Central China Normal University. Since January 2009 he has been a visiting scholar working with Dr. Bo Shen in the
division of KHS. Dr. Wang’s research focuses on curriculum and instruction in physical education. As a prestigious scholar in
China, Dr. Wang has written two books and has had over 60 publications in Chinese peer-reviewed journals. He is a recipient of
the prestigious General Administration of Sports of China grant to study K-12 and collegiate physical education.

We believe that Dr. Wang’s visit to KHS will lead to a formal strategic partnership between the two universities. An international
collaboration will provide unprecedented opportunities for all faculty and students in physical education globally. We intend to                                                     3
continually attract outstanding Chinese students to pursue advanced degrees at WSU.
Learning Communities                                                                             Kinesiology Learning Community

    Teacher Prepartion and Development                                                           By Ms. Carla Palffy, Ms. Joyce Krause and Dr. John Wirth

    By Dr. Bo Shen                                                                               The KHS Learning Community reaches out to Kinesiology, Health and Exercise Science
                                                                                                 students. It also welcomes any students in the Kinesiology, Health or Sport Studies
    Our Learning Communities (LC) program has operated for three successful years. There
                                                                                                 programs. Chanterius Brock, Rodney Puis and Robert Wozniak were the peer mentors
    are two groups and all students in the Kinesiology, Health and Sports Administration
                                                                                                 this past year; they met with students on a weekly basis.
    programs are welcome to attend any of the events. The primary purpose of the Learning
    Communities is to encourage socialization and communication between students and             The KHS Learning Communities program coordinated a guest speaker appearance by
    faculty and enhance academic achievement. This is especially important in an urban           Wayne State professor Dr. Cynthia Bir. Dr. Bir gave a lecture to LC members entitled
    university such as Wayne State.                                                              ―Biomechanics and the Science behind FOX SPORTS television show. Dr. Bir, an
                                                                                                 associate professor in the WSU Biomedical Engineering Department, is the resident
    This past academic year, we organized three theme-related workshops that included
                                                                                                 sport scientist on the Emmy Award winning show ―Sports Science‖ on the Fox Sports
    career development, preparation for the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification
                                                                                                 TV network. She is currently working on research that examines sports impact injury
    (MTTC), and subject knowledge review. Our peer mentors offer support and have
                                                                                                 assessment and ballistic impact testing.
    worked closely with the students participating in the LC program. Based on surveys and
    verbal feedback, students had very positive attitudes and satisfaction with the mentor and   There were an estimated 40 students and faculty in attendance to hear Dr. Bir’s lecture,
    the series of workshops.                                                                     during which she openly shared her current research at Wayne State in addition to her
                                                                                                 experiences with the television show ―Sports Science‖. This lecture was part of the
    In order to make the LC more effective, we are planning to create a website where video
                                                                                                 Kinesiology LC’s lecture series.
    clips, PowerPoint slides, and notes from the workshops can be obtained at the
    convenience of our dynamic students. Moreover, our peer mentors will offer office            In the coming year the KHS Learning Community will be led by peer mentors:
    hours and online conference time to better serve our target audience. As well as MTTC        Debora Correa, Prijasha Patel, Brandon Poliquin, Chanterius Brock, Rodney Pius and
    related workshops, we will design other professional development workshops such as           Robert Wozniak. They will be leading interest groups such as coaching, studying review
    common issues in teaching physical education, resume writing, and employment                 for anatomy/physiology, physical conditioning, and MTTC testing throughout the year.
    searching strategies. The Teacher Preparation and Development Learning Community
                                                                                                 We look forward to continuing to provide these valuable series and hope to open the
    plans its     programs specifically for pedagogy students, preparing them for the job
                                                                                                 lectures to the entire Wayne State community.
    market and the state certification test.

    Sandra Sovey was a senior and the peer mentor for this past year. She maintained
    weekly office hours to help students with class work or state test questions. There were
    also workshop sessions in which Doug Curry, Qin Lai, Suzanna Dillon, and
    Amy Tischler answered class-related questions for the MTTC. Practicing physical
    education teachers, Brenda Crane from Harper Woods and Don Smith from Detroit
    Public Schools, presented lessons on classroom management and teaching methods for
    stunts and tumbling.

    Feedback has been positive but we hope to reach even more students this academic year.
    Tim Solden will lead the way as the new peer mentor. We hope that the interactive
    website will be a resource that will be productively utilized. There will be much more
    interaction with the Kinesiology Learning Community as well. Pedagogy students will
    be invited to join a Learning Community on the first day of class and get a Kinesiology
    tee shirt. Homecoming will be an inclusive social event this year.

    We look forward to a new year of social interaction and professional development.

                                                                                                                From left to right: Alyssa Baldin, Heather Glowacz, Dr. Bir,
                                                                                                                Brittany Zecches

                                                 What is a Learning Community?
Learning Communities are guiding learning principles for students to adjust to college life and achieve academically. Learning
communities provide support through study sessions, peer mentoring, and other social activities. It is the responsibility of Wayne State
faculty and staff to help students achieve goals and be successful. It is the responsibility of the student to ask questions, be involved, and
to ask for help when needed. In a learning community, faculty and students intentionally work to achieve academic success and foster the
sense of camaraderie. For more information please visit http://lc.wayne.edu.

                                    COE Technology Mini-Grant
                                     By Dr. John Wirth and Dr. Suzanna Dillon              the physical education teacher education program (PETE) in the College of
                                                                                           Education, are challenged to produce educators that are digitally literate and can
                                      A College of Education technology mini-grant,
                                                                                           optimize the learning environment for their students. Currently, local physical
                                      titled, ―No Faculty Left Behind‖ has been
                                                                                           education programs use pedometers, heart rate monitors, time-delayed video
                                      awarded to Dr. John Wirth. Many grants have
                                                                                           feedback and Dartfish-analyzed video feedback, Dance Dance Revolution, personal
focused on the enhancement of online learning or creating new online courses;
                                                                                           digital assistants and WebQuests with their students. The school districts have an
however, for those faculty who developed online courses years ago, there has been
                                                                                           expectation that our graduates are prepared with knowledge and skills to integrate
little funding toward further enhancing existing online activity. These pioneering
                                                                                           technology into their teaching. More importantly, our students must continue to
faculty have thus been designated ―left behind‖. Dr. Wirth proposed and secured a
                                                                                           develop technology-rich learning environments for their students.
mini-grant that will provide for significant upgrades to current online courses. The
purpose of the funding is to integrate advances in hardware and software technology        Dr. Dillon’s project has several objectives: 1) To create a sample physical education
into these current online courses. For example, two major software integrations into       website inclusive of a blog and podcasts; 2) To create a ―how to‖ video module
Blackboard are WIMBA (voice and/or video chat) for a student communication                 using the sample website, blog and podcasts; 3) To implement the modules within
option and Adaptive Release Rules (AAR). These software programs will enhance              KIN 5530 Technology and Assessment in Physical Education to support in-class
facilitation of student workflow and productivity.                                         learning experiences. The undergraduate and graduate students will utilize class
                                                                                           experiences and the online video modules to develop their own website, blog and
Dr. Suzanna Rocco Dillon was awarded a $2,000 grant for her project titled
                                                                                           podcasts for use within their respective K-12 physical education programs.
―Websites, Blogs and Podcasts in Physical Education: Changing Trends via PE 2.0.‖
                                                                                           Examples include: posting physical activity calendars, blogs providing parents with
The proposed project aims to enhance student learning opportunities for physical
                                                                                           pertinent program information or PE homework, and student blogs sharing their
education majors and to provide them with the skills and knowledge to create a
                                                                                           work. The students will also gain experience using iPod Touches with K-12 students
technically-rich learning environment for their students.
                                                                                           and local physical education programs.
The current K-12 student population are digital natives; they prefer dynamic
participation in their learning, and can process knowledge more readily through
video, audio and visuals than plain text. Teacher preparation programs, including

  Generations with Promise Grant
    By Dr. Nate McCaughtry

    Generation With Promise (GWP) is in its second year of the three year implementation cycle. GWP is a partnership between the Michigan Department of Community
    Health (MDCH), the Michigan Fitness Foundation, the Michigan Department of Education, Wayne State University, and the University of Michigan. This partnership
    links Governor Jennifer Granholm’s Cities of Promise with MDCH’s Michigan Steps Up in an effort to empower middle school youth in underserved communities
    across Michigan to utilize schools as vehicles for youth health improvement in the areas of policy, environmental, and behavior change. The project is generously
    funded through a $5,000,000 grant from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation and is spearheaded by Dr. Kimberlydawn Wisdom, Michigan’s Surgeon General.

    KHS faculty Dr. Nate McCaughtry, Dr. Jeff Martin, and doctoral student Sara Flory have been in a leadership capacity with GWP from its inception, serving as
    consultants and evaluators on numerous areas of the project. Dr. Martin leads the health-related physical fitness evaluations (PACER test measuring cardiorespiratory
    endurance, push-up test to measure arm and shoulder strength) in all project schools, and analyzes this data for comparison with other middle-school students both
    locally and nationally. Dr. McCaughtry and Sara Flory examine cultural competence, the process whereby they seek to identify cultural distance that might exist
    between the project, the schools, students, families and communities served, and to develop strategies to bridge that distance in constructive and meaningful ways. This
    process affects project staff and evaluators, the development and implementation of project assessments (fitness testing practices, survey instruments), and the curricular
    interventions such as the EPEC Personal Conditioning module, Michigan Model for Health Education Nutrition and Tobacco modules used for project teachers.

    In the first year, each school formed a Coordinated School Health Team consisting of students, parents, PE and health teachers, principals, and a representative from the
    food service department. Teams completed the Healthy School Action Tool to examine the health environment at their schools, and then, based on the assessments,
    designed action plans to improve or further support initiatives addressing any identified deficiencies. GWP awarded each school $25,000 to support implementation of
    their action plans, which are aimed at helping students move more, eat better, and not smoke.

    The potential of this project to make substantive, sustainable changes in the lives and school experiences of youth in these underserved communities is enormous. We
    look forward to and are encouraged by the success realized in the past project year.

    An Adventure Orientation Program for Freshmen
      By Chris Nolan
                                                                                              to legally download music, and dozens of other topics not covered in your
                                            In a concentrated effort to increase              standard university orientation program. The upperclassmen lead the students in
                                            retention at Wayne State University,              team building activities that are physically challenging and mentally stimulating.
                                            Director of Campus Recreation Christy             The activities focus on communication and leadership styles. Students learn how
                                            Nola n a nd Ass istant Director                   to pass along advice for the next year’s class of incoming freshmen and prepare
                                            Jovita Scrogin created Kinesiology 2560           an introspective piece on how the student has changed in is/her first semester.
                                            Fr e s h me n Q u es ts , a p ro gra m
                                            implemented to better transition high             The whole experience has been amazing. It is great to see students with no
                                            school seniors to college life both               outdoor experience at all learn to communicate with each other to move a canoe
                                            academically and socially. Freshmen               30+ miles in beating sun or driving rain. It is also invigorating to see the ―couch
                                            Quests is a 2-credit college course. It           potato‖ student realize that the/she can participate in a physical activity and have
                                            consists of a two-night, three-day                fun while doing so.
                                            canoeing trip on the AuSable River in
      the summer prior to the student’s first semester of college and then follow-up          In terms of retention the initial outlook is promising. The Freshmen Quests
      classroom sessions in the fall term.                                                    students are more involved on campus, have jobs, and are seeking help with their
                                                                                              academics. Some have already changed their majors to find a better fit with their
      The Department of Campus Recreation provides all camping and outdoor gear;              personalities and long term goals. Research has begun on the pilot groups and
      students need only to supply their own clothing. A pre-trip meeting is held to          the program has doubled in size for 2009. For more information on Wayne State
      answer questions and discuss important topics such as the menu and clothing.            University’s Freshmen Quest program contact Chris Nolan by email at
      Students are fed exceptionally well: beef and chicken kabobs, burgers and hot           cnolan@wayne.edu or phone at (313) 993-4378.
      dogs, blueberry pancakes and fresh eggs are just a sample of the offerings.

      Groups of 14 freshmen are led on the trip by upperclassmen who have ―lived to
      tell their tale.‖ Incoming freshmen learn about online networking, identity theft,
      time management, physical and mental health, buying textbooks, parking, how

    NIH Grant on Sleep and Exercise Research

    By Dr. Hermann-J Engels
    When it comes to improving overall health, few activities are cited as frequently as exercising regularly and getting
    enough sleep. These activities are not only important in their own right, but now appear to be connected. Research in
    recent years has uncovered exercise’s ability to help people fall asleep faster and stay in deeper stages of sleep longer,
    revealing that a better night’s sleep could be attainable without the prescription sleep aids that some people use.
    Specific exercise regimens may be the answer for those who have trouble sleeping.

    Jean Davis, Ph.D., associate professor and assistant dean for adult health in WSU’s College of Nursing, and                 Dr. Hermann-J. Engels and Dr. Jean Davis
    Hermann-Josef Engels, Ph.D., professor of exercise physiology in WSU’s College of Education, have been working to
    find a solution to getting a better night’s sleep. Funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, their
    interdisciplinary team conducted a study to determine whether a personalized exercise program could serve as a non-pharmacological treatment for sleep problems. They
    focused specifically on post-menopausal women, a group for which disrupted sleep or difficulty falling asleep is one of the most common complaints. ―We’re interested
    in intervening by actually offering someone a prescription for improving their sleep that doesn’t involve drugs. This is what makes this study unique,‖ Dr. Davis said.

    While working as a faculty member at the University of Florida, Davis became interested in the topic after learning of the negative side effects of prescription sleep
    medications. Though exercise is often suggested by health care professionals as a sleep aid alternative, literature review revealed a lack of objective scientific studies on
    the topic. Of the previous exercise studies that were conducted, many focused on athletes and people who weren’t currently suffering sleep problems. Wanting to assess
    the potential benefits of exercise on disrupted sleep specifically in postmenopausal women, Dr. Davis approached Dr. Engels upon joining Wayne State in 2003. Eager to
    co-pioneer research on the understudied topic, he enthusiastically agreed to join forces.

    In order to keep as many confounding factors out of their study group as possible, Davis and Engels disqualified subjects with health problems that included sleep apnea,
    hypertension, obesity and heart disease, downsizing the group of approximately 600 women interested in the study to fewer than 40. At the beginning, subjects underwent
    a maximal oxygen uptake (or VO2 max) test in the WSU Exercise Physiology Laboratory to assess their physical work capacity, and then given an individualized exercise
    prescription. The workout program consisted of a 16-week, home-based walking program conducted five times per week for 30 minutes per session at a moderate level of
    intensity. The same rigor was applied to measuring subjects’ sleep patterns throughout the study.

    With their study complete, Davis and Engels are in the process of analyzing the extensive amount of data collected. Though the results will heavily influence the direction
    of subsequent research, their interests include the therapeutic aspects of passive and active body warming on sleep patterns and exercise ―intervention‖ therapies for
    postmenopausal women suffering from hypertension or other chronic ailments. Regardless of the possible ensuing study topics, Engels and Davis plan to continue
    cooperative ventures that integrate their expertise.

Research Projects Relating to Obesity
By Dr. Bo Shen                                                                                      obesity prevention program targeting urban, minority preschoolers. The program’s impact
                                                                                                    on children’s food preferences, nutrition knowledge, physical activity level, BMI percentile,
Studies show that physical activity rates steeply decline during the high school years.
                                                                                                    and cholesterol level is being evaluated. The research is an important step in our long-term
Activity rates among female adolescents, especially among African-American girls, are
                                                                                                    goal to identify interventions to improve the weight and health trajectories of at-risk,
consistently lower than among male adolescents. There is a consensus among public health
                                                                                                    minority children. Our study reflects the collaboration of four departments within Wayne
professionals that physical education-based interventions are the most appropriate avenue to
                                                                                                    State University: Nutrition and Food Science; Kinesiology; Pediatrics; Merrill Palmer
promote physical activities for all school-age children. However, despite such promise for
                                                                                                    Skillman Institute. This study of young children in Head Start Programs is funded by a grant
the promotion of public health, there is a steady decline in physical education interest with
                                                                                                    award of $226,918 from the WSU Research Enhancement Program.
age. Girls, in particular, are less likely than boys to elect physical education when it is not a
required course and are more likely to report less positive attitudes toward physical               There are two part-time KHS research assistants working with Dr. Bo Shen on his
education.                                                                                          motivational and obesity prevention research projects:

Adolescent Females’ Intentions and Participation in Elective Physical Education                     Tamara Rinehart-Lee

Dr. Shen is leading a project to investigate urban adolescent females’ intentions and actual
participation in elective physical education. The specific aims are threefold: (a) To what
                                                                                                                           Tamara Rinehart-Lee earned her bachelor’s degree from Wayne State
extent is urban female adolescents’ overall physical activity associated with participation in
                                                                                                                           University and then graduated from several teacher-training programs
elective physical education; (b) Identify the primary factors that influence urban adolescent
                                                                                                                           in yoga and Pilates. She has been teaching yoga and Pilates to
females’ intentions and enrollment in elective physical education; (c) To what extent can
                                                                                                                           children and adults for ten years in various community programs such
urban female adolescents’ motivational experiences in mandatory school physical education
                                                                                                                           as the Metro Detroit YWCA, YMCA and studios. She taught yoga for
influence their subsequent elective physical education enrollment status. This $50,000
                                                                                                    three years at Birmingham Covington Elementary School and Wayne State University.
project was sponsored by the Wayne State University Research Enhancement Program in
                                                                                                    Tamara is currently earning her master’s degree and teaching certification in English and
Social Science and Humanities. Currently, we have finished the first wave of data collection
                                                                                                    French as well as a teaching endorsement in physical education under Dr. Shen.
and are working diligently to analyze data and disseminate our preliminary finding to
practitioners.                                                                                      Tamara is working with Dr. Shen on research for two projects: ―Motivating Urban Girls in
                                                                                                    Physical Education‖ and ―Programming for Physical Education in Preschools‖. She is very
An Obesity Prevention Program for Head Start Children
                                                                                                    interested in the benefits of mind/body practices for differing demographic groups.
Childhood obesity has become an epidemic and is emerging as a public health crisis in the
                                                                                                    Arika R. Hunt
United States. According to the Center for Disease Control, the rate of obesity among U.S.
preschool children alone has doubled during the past 30 years. Due to these trends,                                      Arika R. Hundt, an undergraduate student in Kinesiology, earned a
promoting a healthful diet and adequate physical activity among young children has become                                Wayne State University Undergrad Research and Creative Projects
a national health objective. Head Start classrooms offer untapped opportunities for                                      Award. She has been working with Dr. Shen on a project entitled
developing and evaluating effective obesity-prevention strategies to reach both low-income                               ―High School Adolescents’ Amotivation in Physical Education‖ since
and minority children and their parents. Preschool settings can lay the foundation for health       winter 2009. She will present her work at the WSU Research Conference in November of
and create an environment to ensure that young children are offered healthful foods and             2009.
regular physical activity. The overall goal of this study is to examine the effectiveness of an

                    Cost of Obesity

                        Spending on healthcare for obese American adults increased 82% between 2001 and 2006 according to a recent
                        government report compiled by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

                        In 2001, expenditures for obese Americans totaled $167 billion compared with $303 billion in 2006. Costs for
                        adults who were overweight rose 36% during that time period while costs for normal-weight adults increased by
                        25%. The report noted that healthcare expenditures for obese Americans accounted for 35% of all costs in 2006.
                        During the years of 2001 to 2006, the number of obese Americans increased from 48 million to 59 million
                        people. Obese people are much more likely to suffer from several chronic health conditions.

                        We hope that these figures will draw the attention of lawmakers and other authorities discussing
                        healthcare reform. Perhaps the top goal of healthcare reform should be preventing obesity, and the
                        myriad of health problems it causes, in our children.

   KHS Research Publications
Benedict, R.J., Lai, Q., Engels, H.-J., & Erbaugh, S.J.         Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B.,              Martin, J.J., & McCaughtry, N. (2008). Using social
(2009). In search of relationship between BMI classification    Brewert, B., & Flory, S. (2008). Designing a survey               cognitive theory to predict physical activity in inner-city
and balance acquisition. Research Quarterly for Exercise &      instrument assessing middle school students’ nutrition            African American school children. Journal of Sport and
Sport, 80, A45-46.                                              behavior. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79,          Exercise Psychology, 30, 378-391.
Benedict, R., Lai, Q., Erbaugh, S.J., Li, G., & Yu, H.                                                                            Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., Hodges Kulinna, P., Cothran,
(2009). Effects of anthropometric factors on balance            Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B.,              D., & Faust, R. (in press). Influences of a physical
acquisition among youths. Journal of Sport and Exercise         Brewert, B., & Flory, S. (2008). Racial disparities in            education curriculum mentoring program on teachers’
Psychology, 31, S26-27.                                         nutrition behaviors: Targeted interventions needed.               curricular and physical activity self-efficacy. Professional
                                                                Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, A21.               Development in Education.
Bingham, C., Rocco Dillon, S., & McCaughtry, N. (2009).
In the dark: Physical education teachers’ perceptions of the    Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B.,              Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., Hodges-Kulinna, P., &
IEP process. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80,     Flory, S., & Tischler, A. (2009). Teachers’ self-efficacy         Cothran, D. (2008). The influences of professional
A100-101.                                                       regarding nutrition education increases after inservice           development on teachers’ self-efficacy toward educational
                                                                training. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80,          change. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 13, 1-20.
Brewert, B., McCaughtry, N., Fahlman, M.M., Martin, J., &       A26.
Shen, B. (2008). Challenges of teaching nutrition education                                                                       Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., Hodges Kulinna, P., &
in urban middle schools. Research Quarterly for Exercise        Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B.,              Cothran, D. (2008). The effectiveness of mentoring based
and Sport, 79, A19-20.                                          Flory, S., & Tischler, A. (2009). Quality health education        professional development on physical education teachers’
                                                                increases students’ nutritional knowledge and behaviors.          pedometer and computer efficacy and anxiety. Journal of
Brewert, B., McCaughtry, N., Fahlman, M.M., Martin, J., &       Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, A26.               Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 68-82.
Shen, B. (2008). Urban school nutrition: Lacking
institutional coherence and ―underground vending‖.              Flory, S., McCaughtry, N., & Hall, B. (2009). Teachers’           Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., Murphy, A., & Wisdom, K.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, A20.             perceptions of PETE preparation for teaching in urban             (in press). Using social cognitive theory to predict physical
                                                                schools. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80,           activity and fitness in at-risk middle school children.
Choi, Y. S., Martin, J. J., & Park, M. (2008). Relationship     A56.                                                              Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
between organizational culture and job satisfaction in
professional baseball league. International Journal of          Gretebeck K. A., Filliung D., Black, D. R., Blue, C.L., &         Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N. & Shen, B. (2008). Predicting
Applied Sport Science, 20(2), 59-77.                            Gretebeck, R.J. (in press). Determinants of physical activity     physical activity in inner-city Hispanic American children.
                                                                in older adults with peripheral vascular disease. Medicine        Hispanic Health Care International, 6, 150-157.
Choi, Y. S., & Scott, K. D. (2009). Dynamics of                 and Science in Sports and Exercise.
organizational culture in professional baseball.                                                                                  Martin, J.J., McCaughtry, N., & Shen, B. (2008). Predicting
International Journal of Sport Management, 10(2), 65-85.        Gretebeck, R.J., Karapetian, G.K., Gretebeck K.A., &              physical activity in Arab American children. Journal of
                                                                Djuric, Z. (in press). Self efficacy, physical activity, and      Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 205-219.
Choi, Y. S., & Scott, K. D. (2008). Assessing organizational    fitness in overweight and obese African American breast
culture using the competing values framework within             cancer survivors. Medicine and Science in Sports and              Martin, J. J., & Waldron, J. J., McCabe, A., & Choi, Y. S.
American Triple-A baseball. International Journal of Sport      Exercise.                                                         (2009). The impact of ―girls on the run‖ self-concept and
Management & Marketing, 4(1), 33-48.                                                                                              fat. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 1, 1-13.
                                                                Hackney, K.J., J-Engels, H.-J., & Gretebeck, R.J. (2008).
Choi, Y. S., & Shen, B. (2009). Sport spectator involvement     Resting energy expenditure and delayed onset muscle               McCaughtry, N., & Dillon, S. (2008). Learning to use PDAs
of professional women’s basketball. Research Quarterly of       soreness following full-body resistance training with an          to enhance teaching: The perspectives of pre-service
Exercise and Sport, 80, A106.                                   eccentric concentration. Journal of Strength and                  physical educators. Journal of Technology and Teacher
                                                                Conditioning Research, 22(5):1602-1609.                           Education, 16, 483-508.
Cothran, D., McCaughtry, N., Faust, R., Hodges Kulinna,
P., & Martin, J. (in press). E-mentoring in physical            Hodges Kulinna, P., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Cothran,          McCaughtry, N., Tischler, A., & Flory, S. (2008). The
education: Promises and pitfalls. Research Quarterly for        D., & Faust, R. (2008). The influence of professional             ecology of the gym: Reconceptualized and extended. Quest,
Exercise and Sport.                                             development on teachers’ psychosocial perceptions of              60, 268-289.
                                                                teaching a health-related physical education curriculum.
Cothran, D., McCaughtry, N., Smigell, S., Garn, A., Hodges                                                                        McCaughtry, N., Oliver, K., Dillon, S., & Martin, J. (2008).
                                                                Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 289-304.
Kulinna, P., Faust, R., & Martin, J. (2008). Teachers’                                                                            Teachers’ perspectives on pedometers as instructional
preferences on the qualities and roles of a mentor teacher.     Karapetian, G., J-Engels, H.-J., & Gretebeck, R.J. (2008).        technology in physical education: A cautionary tale.
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 241-251.         Use of heart rate variability to estimate LT and VT.              Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 83-99.
                                                                International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(8):652-7.
Dillon, S. R., McCaughtry, N., & Hummel, S. (in press).                                                                           Obrusnikova, I., Block, M. E., & Dillon, S. R. (in press).
School districts’ hiring practice for new physical educators.   Karapetian, G.K. & Gretebeck R.J. (in press). Predicting          Eliciting children's beliefs toward playing with peers with
The Physical Educator.                                          exercise training intensity in obese African American breast      disabilities in physical education. Adapted Physical Activity
                                                                cancer survivors. Medicine and Science in Sports and              Quarterly.
Engelbrecht, K., Engels, H.-J., Davis, J.E., & Yarandi, H.N.    Exercise.
(2009). Actigraphy assessment of the effects of circuit                                                                           Oliver, K., Hamzeh, M., McCaughtry, N., & Chacon, E.
training exercise on sleep in healthy, morning-type women.      Lai, Q., Benedict, R.J., Keating, X., & Kovcs, A. (2009).         (2009). Girly girls can play games/La niñas pueden jugar
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41(5).             Implicit motor learning enhances retention in a dual task.        tambien:‖ Co-creating a curriculum of possibilities with
                                                                Journal of Tianjin University of Sport, 24, 138-141.              fifth-grade girls. Journal of Teaching in Physical
Engels, H.-J., White, R.L., & Lai, Q. (2009). Comparison of                                                                       Education, 28, 1-22.
selected warm-up procedures in young female soccer              Lai, Q., Benedict, R., Zhang, H., & Erbaugh, S.J. (2008).
players. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport, 80, A17-      Effects of augmented feedback on feed-forward control in          Patel, T.H., Spague, S. Lai, Q., Jimenez, D.F., Barone,
18.                                                             balance acquisition. Proceedings of 2008 Olympic Science          S.M., & Ding, Y. (2008). Blood brain barrier (BBB)
                                                                Congress. Beijing: People’s Sports.                               dysfunction associated with increased expression of tissue
Engels, H.-J., Yarandi, H., & Davis, J.E. (2009). Utility of                                                                      and urokinase plasminogen activators following peripheral
an ingestible capsule for core temperature measurements         Lai, Q., Zhang, H., Chen, Y., & Yi, H. (2008). Physical           thermal injury. Neuroscience Letters, 444, 222-226.
during body warming. Journal of Exercise Physiology 12          fitness in relation to self-reported fitness, health and body
(1), 1-9.                                                       image. Proceedings of 2008 Olympic Science Congress.              Pius, R., White, R.L., Lai, Q., & Engels, H.-J. (2009). Place
                                                                Beijing: People’s Sports.                                         kicking kinematics following static and dynamic stretching
Engels, H.-J., Yarandi, H., & Davis, J. (2008). Utility of an                                                                     warm-ups in female high school varsity soccer. Medicine &
ingestible capsule for core temperature measurements            Lin, Y.P., Gretebeck, K.A., Bailey, T., Ronis, D., &              Science in Sports & Exercise, 41, 454-455.
during active and passive body warming. Medicine and            Gretebeck, R.J. (in press). Gender and body mass index
Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(5), S366-S367.               related differences in predictors of physical activity among      Sabatini,L.M., Gretebeck K. A., Struble, L., Ronis, D.,
                                                                white collar workers. Medicine and Science in Sports and          Black, D. R., Blue, C.L., & Gretebeck, R.J. (in press). Body
Fahlman, M.M., Dake, J., McCaughtry, N., & Martin, J.           Exercise.                                                         mass index, function, and physical activity in hypertensive
(2008). A pilot study to examine the effects of a nutrition                                                                       older adults: Theory of planned behavior. Medicine and
intervention on knowledge, behaviors, and self-efficacy in      Martin, J. J., & Choi, Y. S. (2009). Parent's physical activity   Science in Sports and Exercise.
middle school children. Journal of School Health, 78,           related perceptions of their children with disabilities.
216-222.                                                        Disability and Health Journal, 2(1), 9-14.                        Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., & Martin, J. (2008). Urban
                                                                                                                                  adolescents’ exercise intentions and behaviors: An
Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B.,            Martin, J.J., & McCaughtry, N. (2009). Physical activity          exploratory study of a trans-contextual model.
Brewart, B., & Flory, S. (in press). Socio-economic             and fitness in inner city Hispanic American children.             Contemporary Educational Psychology, 33, 841-858.
disparities in dietary knowledge, behaviors and self-           Hispanic Health Care International, 7, 21-29.
efficacy: Targeted interventions needed. Journal of
Nutrition Education and Behavior.

                                                                                                                                                                    Continued on page 9
    KHS Research Presentations

Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., & Martin, J. (2008). The               AAHPERD National Convention, Tampa, FL 2009                      NCPERID National Consortium, Reston, VA 2009
influence of domain specificity on motivation in physical
education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79,        Benedict, R., Lai, Q., Engels, H.-J., & Erbaugh, S.J. In         Dillon, S. R., Roth, K., Driver, S. & Shapiro, D.
333-343.                                                         search of relationship between BMI classification and            Introduction to APE – What is the lecture about?
                                                                 balance acquisition.
Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., & Fahlman, M.M. (in                                                                         Dillon, S. R., & Driver, S. Adapted physical activity
press). Motivational profiles and their influences in physical   Bingham, C, Dillon, S. R., & McCaughtry, N. In the dark:         research: Promoting research opportunities for junior
education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education.            PE teachers' perceptions of the IEP process.                     faculty.

Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., & Fahlman, M.M. (in        Engels, H.-J., White, R.L., & Lai, Q. Comparison of              NASPSPA Annual Conference, Austin, TX 2009
press). Motivational profiles and their associations with        selected warm-up procedures in young female soccer
                                                                 players.                                                         Benedict, R., Lai, Q., Erbaugh, S.J., Li, G., & Yu, H.
achievement outcomes, Journal of Teaching in Physical
                                                                                                                                  Effects of anthropometric factors on balance acquisition
                                                                 Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B.,             among youths.
Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., & Fahlman, M.M.            Flory, S., & Tischler, A. Quality health education increases
                                                                 students’ nutritional knowledge and behaviors.                   Zhang, H., Chen, Y., & Lai, Q. Body composition and
(2009). Effects of teacher autonomy support and students’
                                                                                                                                  physical fitness in relation to body image.
autonomous motivation on learning in physical education.
                                                                 Fahlman, M.M., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Shen, B.,
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, 44-53.                                                                             National Presentations
                                                                 Flory, S., & Tischler, A. Teacher’s self-efficacy regarding
Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., & Fahlman, M.M.            nutrition education increases after in-service training.
                                                                                                                                  Ennis, C.D., McCaughtry, N., & Silverman, S. (2008). An
(2009). Urban adolescents’ motivation profiles in physical                                                                        elephant in the room: Conducting meaningful pedagogy
                                                                 Flory, S., McCaughtry, N., & Hall, B. Teachers’
education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80,                                                                         research in the public health policy climate. Paper presented
                                                                 perceptions of PETE preparation for teaching in urban
A73.                                                                                                                              at the annual meeting of the American Educational
                                                                                                                                  Research Association, New York City, NY.
Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Fahlman, M.M., &
                                                                 Hall, H.L., & Fahlman, M.M. Effects of teacher preparation
Brewert, B. (2008). Effects of learning climate and                                                                               Flory, S., & McCaughtry, N. (2009). Culturally competent
                                                                 on self-efficacy of pre-service health teachers.
autonomous motivation on learning in physical education.                                                                          school-based health initiatives. Paper presented at the
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, A63.              Lai, Q., & Erbaugh, S.J. International initiative of education   annual meeting of the Choices: The Conference that
                                                                 and research in kinesiology.                                     Celebrates Food, Health, and Collaboration, Lansing, MI.
Tischler, A. & McCaughtry, N. (in press). PE is not for me:
When boys’ masculinities are threatened. Research                Shen, B., McCaughtry, N., Martin, J., Fahlman, M.M.,             Obrusnikova, I., Block, M. E., & Dillon, S. R. (2008).
Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.                                Flory, S., & Tischler, A. Urban adolescents' motivation          Children's beliefs about playing with peers with disabilities
                                                                 profiles in physical education.                                  in physical education. Paper presented at the 9th North
Tischler, A., & McCaughtry, N. (2009). Boys’ gender
                                                                                                                                  American Federation of Adapted Physical Activity
identities: Physical education, masculinity discourses, and      Tischler, A., & McCaughtry, N. Boys’ gender identities:          Symposium, Indianapolis, Indiana.
safe methodologies. Research Quarterly for Exercise and          Physical education, masculinity discourses, and safe
Sport, 80, A79.                                                  methodologies.                                                   International Presentations
Uhl, B. & Dillon, S. R. (2009). Dartfish video analysis in       Uhl, B. & Dillon, S. R. Dartfish video analysis in secondary     Lai, Q., Benedict, R., Zhang, H., & Erbaugh, S.J. (2008).
secondary physical education: A pilot study. Research            physical education: A pilot study.                               Effects of augmented feedback on feed-forward control in
Quarterly of Exercise and Sport, 80, A80.                                                                                         balance acquisition. Paper presented at the International
                                                                 AERA Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA 2009                          Convention on Science, Education, and Medicine in Sport,
Wingert, R. K., Shen, B., Choi, Y. S., Li, W., Sun, H., &
                                                                                                                                  Guangzhou, China.
Rukavina, P. (2009). A motivation model in physical              Ferry, M., McCaughtry, N., & Hodges Kulinna, P. Social
education. Research Quarterly of Exercise and Sport, 80,         and emotional dimensions of teachers’ knowledge.                 Lai, Q., Zhang, H., Chen, Y., & Yi, H. (2008). Physical
A82.                                                                                                                              fitness in relation to self-reported fitness, health and body
                                                                 Flory, S., & McCaughtry, N. Culturally relevant physical
                                                                                                                                  image. Paper presented at the International Convention on
Zhang, H., Chen, Y., & Lai, Q. (2009). Body composition          education in urban schools.
                                                                                                                                  Science, Education, and Medicine in Sport, Guangzhou,
and physical fitness in relation to body image. Journal of
                                                                 McCaughtry, N. Developing sufficient data collection             China.
Sport and Exercise Psychology, 31, S145-146.
                                                                 protocols in qualitative research.
                                                                                                                                  Martin, J. J. (2008). Disability in Physical Education.
Zhang, H., Lai, Q., Chen, Y., & Yi, H. (2008). Body image
                                                                 Tischler, A., & McCaughtry, N. Boys’ gender identities:          Invited Keynote Address at the 10th International Sport
and body composition in Chinese college students.
                                                                 Physical education, masculinity discourses and safe              Sciences Congress, Bolu, Turkey.
Proceedings of 2008 Olympic Science Congress. Beijing:
People’s Sports.                                                 methodologies.
                                                                                                                                  Martin, J. J. (2009). Challenges to sport psychology in the
                                                                 Tischler, A., & McCaughtry, N. A profile of disengaged           APA domain. Invited Keynote Address at the 17th
Scholarly Book                                                   boys in physical education: Characteristics, perceptions, and    International Symposium on Adapted Physical Activity,
Wang, Y., Lai, Q., Chen, W., Hao, H., & Zhang, R. (in            physical activity patterns.                                      Gävle, Sweden.
press). Comparisons between Chinese and American                 Obrusnikova, I., Dillon, S. R., & Block, M. E. Middle
college sport education. Beijing: Higher Education.                                                                               Obrusnikova, I., Dillon, S. R., & Block, M. E. (2009).
                                                                 school students' intentions to play with peers with              Predicting middle school students’ intentions to interact
                                                                 disabilities: Using the theory of planned behavior.              with peers with disabilities in physical education:
                                                                                                                                  Preliminary findings. Paper accepted to the International
                                                                 NASSS Annual Conference, Denver, CO 2008
ACSM Annual Conference, Seattle, WA 2009                                                                                          Symposium on Adapted Physical Activity, Bollnas,
                                                                 Choi, Y. S., Park, M., & Martin, J. J. Motivational factors      Sweden.
Engelbrecht, K., Engels, H.-J., Davis, J.E., & Yarandi, H.N.     influencing sport spectator behavior in women’s
Actigraphy assessment of the effects of circuit training                                                                          Zhang, H., Lai, Q., Chen, Y., & Yi, H. (2008). Body image
                                                                 professional basketball games. Paper presented at the
exercise on sleep in healthy, morning-type women.                                                                                 and body composition in Chinese college students. Paper
                                                                 Annual Conference of the North Society of Sport Sociology
                                                                                                                                  presented at the International Convention on Science,
Fahlman, M.M., & Hall, H.L. Resistance training and              (NASSS)
                                                                                                                                  Education, and Medicine in Sport, Guangzhou, China.
activities of daily living training improves functional
                                                                 NASSM Annual Conferences
performance in elderly women.
                                                                 Choi, Y. S. (2008). Impact of sport sponsorship experience
Pius, R., White, R.L., Lai, Q., & Engels, H.-J. Place kicking    at the Super Bowl on purchase intension. Paper presented at
kinematics following static and dynamic stretching               the Annual Conference of the North American Society for
warm-ups in female high school varsity soccer players.           Sport Management (NASSM), Toronto, Canada.
ACSM – Midwest Conference, Bowling Green, OH 2008                Yoh, T., Choi, Y.S., & Park, M. (2009). Effective
Askerov, J., & Lai, Q. Effect of skating techniques on speed     communication channels for charitable sporting events: A
of quick start in hockey.                                        case Study of Relay For Life. Paper presented at the Annual
                                                                 Conference of the North American Society for Sport
Pius, R., White, R.L., Lai, Q., & Engels, H.-J. Place kicking    Management (NASSM), Columbia, South Carolina.
kinematics following static and dynamic stretching
warm-ups in female high school varsity soccer.

     Student Research
     By Dr. Nate McCaughtry

     Ms. Sara Flory and Ms. Amy Tischler are doctoral candidates in the Department of Kinesiology, Health, and Sport Studies in the College of Education at
     Wayne State University working with Dr. Nate McCaughtry. Ms. Flory works as a graduate research assistant on a project led by the Michigan Surgeon
     General titled Generation With Promise and Ms. Tischler works as a graduate teaching assistant instructing several courses for physical education
     pedagogy majors. We are pleased to announce that both students recently received national recognition as emerging scholars and researchers in the field
     of physical education.

     Sara Flory was awarded the Ruth Abernathy Presidential Scholarship at the 2009 American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and
     Dance (AAHPERD) convention in Tampa, Florida. The presidential scholarship is awarded to graduate students who have demonstrated the highest
     excellence in physical education. Candidates must be nominated by their state association, then their AAHPERD district, and finally must be selected
     from a national candidate pool. Sara was specifically recognized for maintaining a 4.0 GPA throughout her studies, her success in teaching at both the
     K-12 and university level, and her impressive achievements as a promising scholar through research publications. She also played a key role in
     coordinating and administrating two prestigious , externally funded research projects and by providing professional service to the College. The award
     includes a $1,500 stipend, $300 travel grant, and a three-year complimentary membership to AAHPERD.

     Amy Tischler was awarded the Graduate Student Research Award by the American Educational Research Association (AERA) Special Interest Group
     (SIG) Research on Learning and Instruction in Physical Education at the 2009 national convention in San Diego, California. The award is presented to
     the graduate student who is the lead author of the paper which is accepted with the highest rated score by the reviewers for the annual meeting program.
     She was recognized for her paper, PE is Not For Me: When Boys’ Masculinities are Threatened. The award includes a $200 travel stipend.

     We are extremely proud of both students’ accomplishments and look forward to their future success. They demonstrate a high-quality work ethic and
     unquestionably deserving of these highly competitive awards. The College of Education extends congratulations to both.

                                              Lifestyle Fitness Activity — Yoga

      By Ms. Judy Anderson

      Each semester the Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies (KHS) offers 20 different Lifetime Fitness Activities (LFA) classes for the Wayne State
      University community. The subjects range from fitness, individual and team sports to martial arts classes. These classes are extremely popular, as
      demonstrated by capacity enrollment each semester. One of the preferred courses that enrolls to capacity every registration period is yoga. Raluca Metea
      teaches two class a semester for the Division.
      The LFA yoga class helps relieve stress while strengthening and increasing flexibility in the body. While yoga will certainly increase athletic mobility,
      students also learn time-tested techniques that will sustain their bodies through their lifetimes. Yoga is not competitive nor is the achievement of pretzel-like
      postures the goal. Rather, students are encouraged to map the unique potentialities and limitations of their own bodies. Each yoga class consists of a variety of
      physical warm-ups, alignment, breathing exercises, postures (known as asanas), and relaxation exercises. Asanas are one of the major techniques of yoga.
      Their benefits range from the physical level to the spiritual, thereby making yoga known as a holistic practice.
      The word yoga comes from the Sanskrit root, yuj, meaning to join, to yoke, or to unite. Yoga refers to the union of the individual self with the universal self.
      Five thousand years ago, sages developed the practice of asanas specifically to relieve the pain and discomfort involved in seated meditation and to improve
      the workings of all the systems of the body. However, the impact of yoga is not just physical: if practiced correctly and with sincerity, freedom from one’s
      busy mind is also attained.
      Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar, living yoga master and one of Time Magazine’s 100 most influential people of the 20th century, describes yoga as
      ―an ancient art based on an extremely subtle science, one of the body, mind, and soul. The prolonged practice of yoga will lead the student to a sense of peace
      and a feeling of being at one with his or her environment.‖
      The regular practice of yoga can help practitioners face the turmoil of life with steadiness and stability. Other important benefits include improved circulation
      and digestion, reduced stress, improved self-image, and increased energy levels. Whether you are twenty-five or sixty-five, join a session of yoga inspired by
      the Iyengar tradition. While emphasizing physical alignment and deep breathing, yoga practice will restore energy, provide healing, reduce stress and soothe
      the mind.

Southeastern Michigan Regional Physical Education Workshop
 By Ms. Joyce Krause                                                                            Wayne State University College of Education staff/faculty who presented were Brenda
                                                                                                Knowles (Zumba) and Dr. Suzanna Dillon (GLCEs in your lesson plans). Of course,
 The 19 Annual Southeast Michigan Health and Physical Education Workshop was held
                                                                                                there was an abundance of WSU graduates who also presented including Deanna Miller
 on March 7, 2009 at Holmes Middle School in Livonia. This workshop was sponsored by
                                                                                                (visuals in the gym), Kim Maljak (hip-hop), Jamie Grant (elementary adventure), and
 the Michigan Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
                                                                                                Shannon Tonkin (advocacy). The other presenters were all from various universities and
 (MAHPERD) and Wayne State University’s KHS division. Many teachers from the
                                                                                                school districts, including Catholic and charter schools.
 tri-county school districts helped with the workshop’s coordination. There were 150
 participants in the workshop this year and the evaluations were evidence of the best           Dr. Sarah Erbaugh, Dr. Suzanna Dillon, Dr. Nate McCaughtry, and Dr. Bo Shen gave
 workshop in 19 years! WSU’s kinesiology majors were in attendance and the exuberance           introductory remarks at the opening ceremonies. They made an enthusiastic recruitment
 of youth was a joy to behold in the sessions.                                                  pitch to attendees encouraging them to send students to WSU or enroll themselves in a
                                                                                                graduate program. We are creatively finding ways to attract students in the KHS program;
                                                                                                this workshop enables us to reach many potential teachers and future administrators.

                                           Dr. Suzanna Dillon instructing a technology session at the Southeast
                                           Michigan Health and Physical Education Workshop.

VAC’s Community Programs
By Mr. Ron Simpkins                                                                            number of our youth coaches as well. The Housing Commission funding brought the
                                                                                               Village of Parkside, Woodbridge, Smith Homes, and the Brewster Homes as supporting
The VAC project is a community service component in the KHS Division’s Sports                  collaborators. The summer program has been extremely successful over the years. We
Administration program. It has establish a successful partnership with the Greater Detroit     continued our summer Sport and Technology program at Macomb Community College.
Agency for the Blind and Visually Impaired and the Detroit Day School for the Deaf.            Mr. Ed Stanton and Mr. Henry Washington, former graduates of our Sports
These organizations give children the opportunity for empowerment through physical             Administration program, have been critical to our continued success.
activity and sports participation.
                                                                                               Initially, DTE Energy was our sole sponsor. We have since secured funding from the
The VAC administration with the help of Detroit Day School for the Deaf modified               Youth Development Commission and the Detroit Recreation Youth Division. We also
activities to provide adaptive sport skills development for the children. With funding         significantly bolstered the support from the Detroit Housing Commission. YouthVille
provided by the Community Foundation for Southeastern Michigan and the Detroit Youth           Detroit and the Detroit Public Library were instrumental in funding support of this
Foundation, VAC has administered activities in Judo, Double Dutch jump rope,                   year-round program. Sport is used as the incentive to get the children excited and
basketball, and golf for the last three years. The program’s coaches were students from        technology sessions are then introduced as a supplemental area of interest. The
Detroit Western High School, Eastern Michigan University and our own College of                technology instruction includes how to access the internet, set-up an e-mail address, send
Education Sports Administration program. These individuals were trained by VAC staff           and receive e-mail, and explores various occupations via the internet. The children use
to serve as the coaches and officials for the various sports. They were also trained for       Lego kits to design and make various projects that are aligned with learning computer
adaptive sports since the participating children were deaf, hearing impaired, blind or sight   software such as Computer Assisted Design (CAD).
impaired. This year we secured additional funding from the Carls Foundation which
allowed an offering of summer Sport and Technology Camps as well.                              We have worked tirelessly to seek additional funding and sponsors, and the support from
                                                                                               WSU’s College of Education and the Division of KHS has spearheaded our success.
The VAC program has operated for over 12 years and served over 1,300 youth.
Additional funding from the Detroit Housing Commission increased the number of Self-
Esteem Camps and the Self-Esteem Football Camps. We were able to doubled the

                                                  Students who participated in VAC’s Sport and Technology summer program.

                                                 Graduate Teaching and Research Assistants
                          Danielle Jacobs is currently a graduate student in the                                  Phil Dittmer earned his B.A. in Exercise Science from
                          Master's of Arts in Teaching Physical Education program                                 Adrian College. He is currently working on his master's
                          with a minor in Health. She is currently working with                                   degree in Kinesiology with a major in Sports Psychology
                          Dr. Suzanna Dillon on adapted physical education research                               under the supervision of Dr. Jeff Martin. His research topic
                          projects.   Danielle is a 2007 graduate of Madonna                                      for his thesis is body dysmorphia in male college-aged
                          University with a Bachelor of Science in Sport Management                               students and the effect it could have on their physiology.
                          and a recent graduate of the Master's of Arts in Sports                                 Phil currently teaches First Aid/CPR, Basic Weight
     Administration program in the College of Education. Her professional goals            Training, and Psychophysiological Foundations of Physical Activity at the
     include teaching physical education and health at the secondary level                 undergraduate level. Phil also has a background as a personal trainer. His future
     and eventually moving into athletics administration as an athletics director for a    plans are to continue with his education at Wayne State University by obtaining his
     high school.                                                                          doctorate in Exercise Physiology.

                           Amy Tischler earned her bachelor’s and master’s degrees                                 Matt Ferry earned his bachelor’s degree in Physical
                           from WSU and has spent the last eight years teaching                                    Education Pedagogy from the University of Wisconsin at
                           physical education in the Livonia School District. She is                               Oshkosh in 2003. After teaching elementary school
                           currently a doctoral student in Curriculum and Instruction                              physical education in Charlotte, NC for two years he
                           with a specialty in Kinesiology under the supervision of                                attended Arizona State University, earning a master’s
                           Dr. Nate McCaughtry. Her research interests involve                                     degree in Kinesiology and completing one year of doctoral
                           understanding how disengaged/low-skilled boys experience                                studies in Curriculum and Instruction. Matt transferred to
     physical education and other physical activity cultures. In addition to taking        WSU in the fall of 2008 and is a doctoral student under the supervision of
     doctoral classes and conducting research, Amy is also involved in teaching            Dr. Nate McCaughtry. His research interests include investigating the social forces
     undergraduate and graduate content courses including, Adventure and Fitness           that influence content and curriculum selection in secondary school physical
     Education, Movement and Dance Education, and Sport Education.                         education, and examining the nature of teachers’ social and emotional work. This
                                                                                           past year Matt was a research assistant and physical activity instructor on an
                                                                                           interdepartmental project that provided Head Start’s youth in the Detroit area with
                             Sara Barnard Flory earned her B.S. in Movement Science        physical activity and nutrition lessons.
                             and Athletic Training from the University of Michigan and
                             her M.A.T. from Wayne State University. While working
                             on her master’s degree, Sara worked as a Graduate                                      Randolph Hull earned his bachelor’s and master’s
                             Research Assistant for the Detroit Healthy Youth                                       degrees from Wayne State University. He is enrolled in
                             Initiative, a federally funded grant program that focused                              the Sports Administration Program where he and his son
                             on improving health and physical education programs in                                 Maleik Hull work with participants in many youth
     Detroit Public Schools. Her master’s thesis was published in Research Quarterly                                programs offered by the VAC program within KHS. His
     for Exercise and Sport. Sara has experience teaching K-8 physical education and                                son is currently serving as a youth mentor with the VAC
     health and is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Curriculum and Instruction with a                                  program and works with many community-based
     specialty in Kinesiology under the supervision of Dr. Nate McCaughtry. Her            projects sponsored by WSU/VAC. Randolph received his first published abstract
     research interests involve defining and developing culturally relevant physical       through NASPSPA this year for work he completed related to physical activity
     education programs from the perspectives of students, teachers, parents, and          levels and fundamental movement skills of preschool age children enrolled in
     curriculum writers.                                                                   various Head Start programs in Detroit. Mr. Hull also is working on the
                                                                                           completion of the Education Specialist Certificate through the College of
                                                                                           Education and plans to enter one of the doctoral programs next semester.
                             Ronny Benedict is a Graduate Assistant who teaches
                             weight training and is assisting with motor behavior
                             research. He successfully presented his study entitled
                             ―Effects of anthropometric factors on balance acquisition
                             among youths‖ at the annual conference of the North
                             American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical
                             Activity (NASPSPA) in the summer of 2009. At the
     present time Ronny is working on his thesis under the direction of Drs. Qin Lai and
     Hermann Engels. It focuses on the relationship between overweight/obesity and
     postural control among youths.

Student Scholarships
By Ms. Joyce Krause

Many generous benefactors have contributed funds for academic scholarships to the Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies. Thoughtful alumni working
in the metro area, as well as others who are now deceased, have given these funds to help the students in our division. This is a wonderful legacy for current
students as well as a very personal and meaningful way for donors to ―give back‖ to the university. Twenty students majoring in health, physical education or sport
studies applied for scholarships this past year and each received scholarships to aid in their academic pursuits. The following students have been awarded
scholarships for the academic year 2009-10:

Brian Alford, Sports Administration — Sports Administration Scholarship and The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed Memorial Scholarship in Memory of
Dr. Chalmer Hixson

Brandon Adolph, Brent Biebuyck, Randolph Hull, Benjamin Seymour , Sports Administration — The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed Memorial Scholarship

Amy Boehmer, Pedagogy — Joyce Krause/Detroit Public Schools Endowed Scholarship and Kinesiology Scholarship

Ricardo Castillo, Danielle Jacobs, Gentjan Pjetrushaj, John Rudzinski, Amy Tischler, Eboni Turnbos, Pedagogy — The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed
Memorial Scholarship

Robert Foscarin, Pedagogy — The Leila Walters Hagen Annual Scholarship

Fairy Green, Health — The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed Memorial Scholarship

David Mihelcich, Justin Morton, Shweta Shah, Zach Simkins, Exercise Science — The Shirley Bain Stroh Endowed Memorial Scholarship

Gentjan Pjetrushaj, Pedagogy — Salvador and Linda Jiménez Family Annual Scholarship

The scholarships were awarded at a college-wide ceremony on May 19, 2009. During the upcoming academic school year there will be a phone campaign to help
fund the KHS Scholarship Fund. If you are interested in establishing a scholarship, please contact Joanne Osmer, Director of Development, at (313) 577-1664.
If you wish to apply for a scholarship for the 2009-10 academic year, please visit www.coe.wayne.edu to access the application.

New Ph.D. Program in Kinesiology
By Dr. Randall Gretebeck and Assistant Dean, KHS, Dr. Sarah Erbaugh

The Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies (KHS) within the College of Education is pleased to announce that on July 1, 2009 the WSU Board of
Governors approved the establishment of a Doctor of Philosophy program in Kinesiology effective the fall semester of 2009. The new Ph.D. in Kinesiology
program will prepare students to become teachers and researchers at institutions and other venues requiring Ph.D.-trained professionals. Students may select
concentrations in either Exercise and Sport Science or Physical Education Pedagogy. Furthermore, students will be offered unique opportunities to conduct
research in urban settings and to develop a breadth of knowledge across related disciplines such as nutrition, physical therapy, medicine and education. The
program will follow the policies and procedures for Ph.D. programs already established by the WSU Graduate School and by the College of Education. It
requires a minimum of 100 credit hours including: 30 credits of dissertation; statistics and research methods courses; doctoral seminars; and cognate and elective

KHS faculty members have a scholarly achievement record commensurate with faculty in similar programs that offer doctoral degrees, and they are establishing
a successful record of providing extramural funding for their graduates. The new Ph.D. program in Kinesiology will enable faculty with doctoral students to
pursue larger and more ambitious research programs. In addition, it will help the division attract new faculty who have aggressive research agendas. The
potential impact is very promising. Nationally, Wayne State’s program will be one of only five doctoral programs offered by urban institutions. This new
program gives us a unique opportunity to offer a state-of-the-art doctoral program and to conduct cutting-edge research addressing urban issues.

The KHS faculty envision that each area of concentration - Physical Education Pedagogy and Exercise and Sport Science - will have several graduate research
assistants working on various projects. Each laboratory group will function as a learning community by working collaboratively and sharing research ideas and
experiences. Peer learning through laboratory working groups is an important component of doctoral programs in Kinesiology. An increased level of vigor is
expected after a few years, and this should lead to an increased level of external funding for research in the Division of KHS.

More information about this new doctoral program is located on our website at www.kinesiology.wayne.edu or by contacting Dr. Randall Gretebeck and
members of the KHS doctoral committee members (Drs. H-J. Engels, N. McCaughtry, J. Martin, and M. Fahlman.)

Division of KHS                                                                                         Dr. Sarah Erbaugh,
Dr. Sarah Erbaugh, Assistant Dean
Wayne State University                                                                                  KHS Assistant Dean
College of Education
Division of Kinesiology, Health and
Sport Studies
261 Matthaei Building
Detroit, MI 48202
Phone (313) 577-5998                                                              KHS’s Year in Review
Fax: (313) 577-5999

Newsletter Editor: Linda Jiménez                                                  The 2008-09 academic year in the Division of Kinesiology, Health
                                                                                  and Sport Studies was productive in many respects. It is very
                                                                                  exciting to review and to share our major accomplishments with
                                                                                  colleagues, students and alumnae.
                                                                                  This year, for the first time, we hosted several visiting scholars and
                                                                                  also a distinguished professor from China. This international
                                                                                  outreach project expanded our knowledge and experiences as well
                                                                                  as theirs.
                                                                                  Several faculty members including Drs. Fahlman, McCaughtry, and
                                                                                  Engels, received prestigious awards from the university and also
                                                                                  from their respective professional associations.           Their
                                                                                  accomplishments are noteworthy. Additionally, several of our
                                                                                  students were recognized nationally.
                                                                                  Lastly, our new Ph.D. program in Kinesiology was approved by the
                                                                                  university in July 2009. The graduate faculty who contributed to
                                                                                  the preparation of the proposal are extremely proud of this
                                                                                  accomplishment. Congratulations to all!

                                                                                                                                          Website — www.coe.wayne.edu/kinesiology

 The College of Education’s
 Division of KHS

 Wayne State University’s College of Education is located in and serves the needs of one of the nation's largest metropolitan areas. Thus, the College reflects the dynamic character of urban life and is sensitive to the
 special experiences, conditions and opportunities presented by a culturally diverse student body. Consistent with its urban mission, the University utilizes the city’s vast cultural, social and scientific resources to
 stimulate research.

 Faculty members in Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies have active research agendae in which students maybe engage. Our students are expected to participate, and they have many professional contacts within
 the University and the community. These experiences assist students seeking internships and employment.

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