The Space Race and The 1960s by zU8n82jP


									The Space Race and The
       The Sixties
       Terry Bunde
      Space Race after 1945
• The Soviets and the US divided up Nazi
  scientists (Wernher von Braun) after the
  end of WW II. The scientists were
  responsible for the V-I and V-II rocket
  programs and the fledgling atomic bomb
  programs that Hitler had ordered.
• The goals were to have a way to launch
  nuclear weapons great distances and
  without piloted aircraft
                Soviet First
• Oct 4th, 1957 the Soviets launch a 100+ pound
  round satellite into orbit around the Earth:
• Nov, 1957 the Soviets launch Sputnik II with a
  dog aboard (Laika): satellite dubbed Muttnik.
  The dog stayed alive until air supply ran out
• Dec, 1957 the US Vanguard Program had a
  failed launch (dubbed Kaputnik and Stayputnik)
• Jan, 1958 US Explorer Program (Wernher von
  Braun) launched Explorer I into orbit
• Dec, 1958 NASA created
    Manned Space Programs
• 12 April, 1961 Yuri Gagarin on Vostok I
  was launched into Earth orbit
• 20 February, 1962 John Glenn launched
  into space on Friendship 7 in Mercury
• June, 1963 last Soviet Vostok launch send
  first woman into space, Valentina
 President Kennedy’s Address
• On 21 May, 1961 President Kennedy
  made a famous speech in which he
  announced an ambitious plan to put a man
  on the moon by the end of the decade –
  The Apollo Program was launched

• YouTube - JFK - We choose to go to the
     Key Engineering Needed
• The need for bigger launch vehicles was
  obvious if lunar programs were needed –
  Saturn Rocket created
• The need for space walks in space had to
  prove that the suits used would protect the
  occupants under space conditions
• The need to conduct docking experiments
  to prove that vehicles could be split and
  reconnected upon return from the moon
             Apollo Program
• Apollo 8 launched 21 Dec 1968 planned to test
  equipment in low Earth orbit but changed to
  circumlunar flight
• Apollo 11 launched 16 July, 1969 – 20 July,
  1969 the lunar module separated from the
  command module and landed on the surface of
  the moon with Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong
• Five more missions followed, including the lunar
  rover mission
             Continued R&D
• Development of anti-ballistic missile and anti-
  satellite systems
• Development of a permanent space station
• Development of a returnable vehicle (shuttle)
• Series of probe missions to other planets –
  Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn
• Deployment of a space telescope
• Flyby missions to astronomically interesting
  objects (comets, asteroids)

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