Education Commission of the States n d Research Studies Database

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					Education Commission of the States

Research Studies Database


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                      FAQ(s): Achievement Gaps: How do state stds., assmts., curric. influence

     Is There a de Facto National Intended Curriculum? Evidence ...
     To investigate similarities and differences among states' content standards to
     examine the extent to which there exists a de facto national intended
     curriculum in the US as represented by the standards.

       Issue/Topic: Standards                         Findings/Results:
       Author(s): Smithson, John; Polikoff,
       Morgan; Porter, Andrew                         Is There a de Facto National Intended
       Organization(s): University of                 Curriculum as Defined by Content
       Pennsylvania; Wisconsin Center for             Standards?
       Education Research
       Publication: Educational Evaluation and               No, at least in the extent to which
       Policy Analysis                                        states all have content standards at
                                                              the same grade level with the same
       Published On: 2009
                                                              content message. This finding is

     Is There an Expectations Gap? Educational Federalism and the...
     To examine the distribution of state proficiency standards across major
     demographic groups in order to determine whether some groups systematically
     face higher or lower cut scores needed to be deemed proficient.

       Issue/Topic: Standards; Student                Findings/Results:
       Achievement--Closing the Achievement
       Gap; Minority/Diversity Issues; Assessment     Analysis of the National Center for
       Author(s): Reed, Douglas                       Educational Statistics's (NCES) recently
       Organization(s): Georgetown University         developed comparative ranking of National
                                                      Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)-
       Publication: American Educational              equivalent state-level cut scores reveals that
       Research Journal                               while an "expectations g...
       Published On: 2009


     Assessing English Language Learners' Opportunity to Learn Ma...
     To explore the relationship between students' ELL status and their level of
     opportunity to learn as a factor that may explain performance differences
     between ELL and non-ELL students

       Issue/Topic: Bilingual/ESL                     Findings/Results: 1. Opportunity to

 Author(s): Herman, Joan; Abedi, Jamal              Learn (OTL) has important effects on student
                                                    performance, even after controlling for
 Organization(s): University of California,
                                                    students' prior ability and prior academic
 Davis; University of California, Los Angeles
 Publication: Teachers College Record
 Published On: 2010                                 2. ELL students report a lower level of OTL
                                                    as compared with non-ELLs an...

Content Coverage Differences across Districts/States: A Pers...
To explore the relationship between classroom mathematics content coverage
and student achievement

 Issue/Topic: Equity; Standards                     Findings/Results:
 Author(s): Schmidt, William; Cogan,
 Leland; Houang, Richard; McKnight, Curtis          Significant differences in content coverage
 Organization(s): Michigan State                    do exist as a function of the U.S. education
 University; University of Oklahoma                 system, and this is related to the observed
                                                    student achievement differences.
 Publication: American Journal of
                                                    1. In the 13 districts examined, vast
 Published On: 2011                                 variation in math content ...


Teaching Practices and Social Capital
To explore how teaching practices transmit or impact social capital

 Issue/Topic: Instructional Approaches--            Findings/Results:
 Higher Order Thinking Skills
 Author(s): Algan, Yann; Shleifer, Andrei;          1. Teaching methods vary systematically
 Cahuc, Pierre                                      across countries.
 Organization(s): Sciences Po,
 Department of Economics; Harvard                          Students work in groups more in
 University, Department of Economics;                       Nordic countries (Denmark, Norway,
 Ecole Polytechnique                                        Sweden) and Anglo-Saxon countries
 Publication: National Bureau of Economic                   (Australia, the United States and to a
 Research Working Paper                                     lesser extent Great Britai...
 Published On: 2011


Curriculum Differentiation and Comprehensive School Reform: ...
To examine whether implementation of a common standards-based curriculum
reduces tracking and curriculum differentiation

 Issue/Topic: Instructional Approaches--            Findings/Results:
 Tracking/Ability Grouping
 Author(s): Harris, Donna                                  Despite adoption of a schoolwide
 Organization(s): University of Rochester                   model committed to limiting the use
                                                            of tracking (e.g., America's Choice),
 Publication: Educational Policy
                                                            many middle schools and teachers
 Published On: 2011                                         using the model continue to sort

                                                          students academically.

                                                         Even though schools...

Asian American and Pacific Islander Students: Equity and the...
To 1) see how the academic achievement of AAPI seventh graders, as an
aggregate, compare with their White American peers; 2) see how the academic
achievement of specific AAPI ethnic groups compare to their White American
peers; 3) compare academic achievement among the AAPI ethnic groups; and
4) adjusting for gender, economic status, and parent education level, see how
ethnicity relates to the achievement of Chinese American and Samoan
Americans as compared with their White American peers.

 Issue/Topic: Student Achievement--               Findings/Results:
 Closing the Achievement Gap;
 Minority/Diversity Issues--Asian                 Many educators have a monolithic view
 Author(s): Pang, Valerie; Han, Peggy;            of AAPI students as being high
 Pang, Jennifer                                   achievers who have little need for
                                                  educational services, but evidence
 Publication: Educational Researcher              indicates that AAPI students are diverse
 Published On: 2011                               in their achievements and demonstrate
                                                  a continuum...

Algebra: A Challenge at the Crossroads of Policy and Practic...
To provide an assessment of what we know about selective and “universal
algebra” policies, including who is getting access to algebra and at what point in
their educational careers. Also assessed is the knowledge base regarding what
is taught in the name of algebra and the outcomes associated with different
patterns of algebra course taking.

 Issue/Topic: Curriculum--Mathematics;            Findings/Results:
 Instructional Approaches--Tracking/Ability
 Grouping                                         U.S. Trends for Who Takes Algebra and
 Author(s): Stein, Mary; Hillen, Amy;             When, and What Algebra is Taken
 Sherman, Milan; Kaufman, Julia
 Organization(s): University of Pittsburgh;              There has been a significant increase
 Carnegie Mellon University; Portland State               in eighth grade Algebra I enrollment
 University; Kennesaw State College                       over the past two decades. As a
 Publication: Review of Educational                       consequence, there have be...
 Published On: 12/20/2011


College for All: Gaps Between Desirable and Actual P-12 Math...
This study addresses missing links in the current P-16 education and "College
for All" debates by investigating gaps between actual and desirable math
achievement trajectories for different college pathways. The goals of the study
are twofold: (1) to compare performance standards, benchmarks, and norms
for college readiness, and; (2) to assess college readiness gaps among all
students as well as among racial and social groups.

Issue/Topic: High School--College             Findings/Results: 1. This study revealed
Readiness; P-16 or P-20                       large disparities between actual and
                                              desirable math achievement levels for
Published On: 3/5/2012                        college readiness.

                                              2. Math achievement was a good predictor of
2012-03-05T00:00:00                           whether students in P-12 stay on track
                                              toward 2 or 4 year college education...

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