SAPS STEM Careers profiles by 9nbFubn

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									    Agricultural Consultant                           20k-26k to >45k
      Biology, Business, Chemistry, Economics, English, Geography, Maths

The Job                            Qualifications needed
Office and outdoor work.           Band 4: possible
You give business and              Band 5: At least one science subject
technical advice to those in       (Chemistry and Biology are often
land-based industries (e.g.        required at A-level)
farmers, landowners,
conservation organisations,        Employers expect you to have a
growers). You visit farms, do      degree in agriculture, or a related
telephone consultations,           subject such as agricultural science,
attend agricultural shows,         soil science, environmental science,
run training programmes            agricultural engineering or land and
and give presentations.            property management.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.25.
See also LANTRA (www.lantra.co.uk)
       Agricultural Research Scientist                    22k-27k to 30k-50k
    Biology, Chemistry, Economics, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths

The Job                               Qualifications needed
Office, laboratory and                 Band 4: possible
outdoor work. You conduct              Band 5: At least one science subject
research, analyse results              (Chemistry and Biology are often
and present findings to                required at A-level)
develop new and more
efficient ways of farming              Degrees in relevant subjects include
animals and plants. This               agricultural science, biology, crop
may include issues around              science, plant or animal science,
conservation, GM, pollution            and chemistry. Further study is
and disease. You may also              available (e.g. crop protection and
do some teaching / training.           tropical ecosystems)

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.27.
See also LANTRA (www.lantra.co.uk)
           Arboriculturist                         15k-22k to 22k-38k
                    Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Maths

The Job                           Qualifications needed
Mainly outdoors in parks,         Band 3 and 4: possible
gardens, woods or forests.        Band 5: A-levels preferably including
You manage and supervise          maths and science subjects
planting, propagation,
maintenance, tree surgery,        A degree in arboriculture (possibly
and the prevention and            with urban forestry), horticulture
eradication of disease in         (arboriculture), urban forestry
public areas or woodlands         management, or a related subject is
solely for commercial or          usually required. Forestry, forest
private use. You may advise       sciences or woodland management
on land development.              subjects are also useful.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.54.
See also LANTRA (www.lantra.co.uk)
               Biochemist                             21k-26k to 48k-86k
        Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                              Qualifications needed
You research the chemistry of        Band 5: A-levels including Chemistry
animal or plant cells and the        and preferably Biology, Physics or
way living organisms work. You       Maths.
study processes such as
nutrition, fermentation, pollution   Usually a degree in biochemistry or
or the action of substances          biochemical engineering is preferred
such as vitamins, hormones, or       but molecular biology, biophysics,
drugs. Some biochemists work         chemistry or biology may also be
on the analysis of body fluids
                                     acceptable. Other biological degrees
and tissues, then assist in the
diagnosis and treatment of           can be followed by further study in
patients.                            biochemistry.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.25.
See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)
                  Biologist                                     ≈20k to ≈60k
      Biology, Chemistry, English, H+S Care, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                                Qualifications needed
Laboratory and/or outdoor work         Band 5: A-levels including Biology
to study human, animal and/or          and preferably Chemistry, Maths or
plant life. Biologists tend to         Physics.
specialise in one of the many
branches of biology. You may           Appropriate degrees in biological
collect and analyse field data,        sciences are preferred, but some
identify pests and disease,            subjects with a biological basis may
assess effects of chemicals,           also be acceptable. Other related
develop routine tests or devise
                                       subjects, such as a biomedical
more efficient production
processes. You may lead and            science or some of the agricultural
supervise teams of technicians.        sciences, can be useful.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.98.
See also the Society of Biology site (www.societyofbiology.org)
           Biotechnologist                               21k-26k to >55k
      Biology, Chemistry, D+T, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                              Qualifications needed
You specialise in using              Band 5: 2-3 A-levels and some
combined applications of             GCSEs including English, Science
biology and technology to            and Maths.
provide new or improved
processes or products in areas       A degree in biotechnology or one
that include pharmaceuticals,        with some biotechnology content is
agriculture, healthcare and the      preferred. Other acceptable degrees
environment. You might be            include biochemical engineering,
concerned with micro-
                                     chemistry, chemical engineering,
organisms, genetic
engineering, cell culture or the     brewing, food science/technology
control of inherited diseases.       and most biological subjects.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.101.
See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)
                 Botanist                               18k-20k to 55k
       Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                            Qualifications needed
Laboratory, office or fieldwork     Band 5: A-levels including Biology
to study plant life such as         and preferably Chemistry, Maths or
algae, mosses and lichens,          Physics.
grasses, crops, flowering plants
and trees. You can be involved      A degree in botany or plant sciences
in research and development         is preferred. Combined courses
or conservation for                 such as botany with geography,
environmental, agricultural and     ecology, microbiology or molecular
forestry organisations. In
                                    biology are also available.
research and education you
attend conferences and publish      Agricultural science degrees are
in scientific journals.             also useful.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.107.
See also Grow Careers (www.growcareers.info)
                 Chemist                               16k-24k to >45k
       Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                            Qualifications needed
You work in a laboratory, an        Band 5: A-levels including Chemistry
office, college, university or      and preferably Maths or Physics.
industrial premises. Many are
involved in production of types
of foods, medicines or              A degree in chemistry is preferred
cosmetics. Some create new          but degrees with a significant
compounds for different             chemistry content can also be
applications in industry,           acceptable. Some courses have a
agriculture or medicine. Others
                                    specialised focus and others
analyse compounds to
determine their exact chemical      combine chemistry with business,
composition.                        languages or law.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.159.
See also the Royal Society of Chemistry website (www.rsc.org)
       Chemist: Analytical                             20k-22k to >50k
       Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                            Qualifications needed
You analyse substances to           Band 5: A-levels including Chemistry
identify and understand their       and preferably Maths or Physics.
chemical composition and how
they behave under certain
conditions. You use high tech       Degrees include analytical/applied
techniques and instruments for      chemistry, environmental science
the analysis of samples in          (physical), bio- or geo-chemistry,
several sectors, including          chemistry, marine sciences,
pharmaceuticals,
                                    materials sciences/technology,
manufacturing, healthcare,
forensics and food and retail       physical, mathematical, life, medical
product development.                or applied science.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.160.
See also the Royal Society of Chemistry website (www.rsc.org)
    Civil Service Scientific Officer                              23k to >60k
     Biology, Chemistry, D+T, English, ICT/Comp. studies, Maths, Physics, Psychology

The Job                                 Qualifications needed
You carry out research for              Band 4: possible
central government or its               Band 5: A-levels including science or
agencies. Areas include the
                                        Maths.
environment, agricultural and
veterinary science, the                 Some degrees specific to individual
regulation and control of               departments or agencies include
pesticides, food science and            maths, geophysics, meteorology,
nutrition, meteorological               computer science, IT, environmental
services, defence projects,
                                        sciences, veterinary science,
building methods, conservation
and transport. You may be               engineering, communications and
involved in advisory work.              psychology.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.187.
See also Prospects (www.prospects.ac.uk)
     Countryside/Conservation Manager                14k-17k to 28k-30k
                    Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography

The Job                            Qualifications needed
You are involved in the            Band 4: possible
management, conservation and       Band 5: A-levels including science
protection of the environment.
                                   subjects.
You promote public awareness
of the natural environment. You    Degrees include environmental
may investigate ways in which      sciences, countryside/environmental
farming procedures or building     management, biology, sustainable
projects interact with plant and   development, ecology, conservation,
animal life. You may advise the
                                   surveying or geography. For those
public and liaise with other
scientists and the government.     without a relevant first degree there
                                   are postgraduate courses.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.244.
See also Grow Careers (www.growcareers.info)
                  Ecologist                                   16k-23k to >45k
      Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                                Qualifications needed
Fieldwork is common as is               Band 5: A-levels including Biology
travel to remote places. You            and preferably Chemistry, Maths or
research the complex                    Physics.
relationship between animals
and plants, in particular their         There are specialist degree courses
habitats and the impact of              in ecology, but other relevant
people on their environment.            degrees include biological sciences,
You may set up and maintain             environmental studies, earth
ecological databases, carry out
                                        sciences, geography, agricultural
field studies or assess the
ecological impact of                    science, urban and land studies or
development proposals.                  countryside management.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.307.
See also Grow Careers (www.growcareers.info)
     Environmental Scientist                                  18k-22k to >50k
      Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                                Qualifications needed
Laboratory, office and                  Band 4: possible
fieldwork. You research and             Band 5: A-levels including at least
advise on the effects of human
                                        one science subject.
activities on the environment.
You may work on projects                A degree in environmental science
related to pollution, waste             or a related subject is particularly
management, flood control,              relevant. Postgraduate specialism is
energy, land use, conservation          available after a scientific degree.
or climate change. You may go
                                        Some courses may be accredited by
out and collect samples from
sites or monitor plants and             professional institutions, such as the
wildlife or do desk research.           IES.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.382.
See also the British Ecological Society (www.britishecologicalsociety.org)
          Forensic Scientist                            14k-20k to 50k
       Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                             Qualifications needed
Laboratory work and                 Band 4: possible
occasional site and court visits.   Band 5: A-levels from Maths,
You are responsible for
                                    Physics, Biology and Chemistry.
examining substances from
crime scenes carefully and          There are degrees in forensic
accurately, and presenting          science however the Forensic
detailed results clearly. You use   Science Society (FSS) recommends
a variety of techniques to          a good first degree in a science
identify clues. Some people
                                    subject such as chemistry,
specialise (e.g. in inks,
documents, drugs, explosives,       biochemistry or biology followed by
DNA profiling or firearms).         a postgraduate qualification.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.452.
See also the Futuremorph website (www.futuremorph.org)
      Forest District Manager                           ≈21.5k to ≈47k
               Biology, Business, Chemistry, English, Geography

The Job                            Qualifications needed
You oversee the development,       Band 5: 2-3 A-levels and GCSEs
growth and conservation of a       including English and Maths.
large area of woodlands, and
are responsible for the            A degree in forestry, woodland
supervision and management         management, forest science,
of the forest officers. You may    environmental forestry, forestry
also be involved in                conservation, or a related subject
environmental research and         with a high forestry content is
wildlife conservation projects
                                   essential for entry to this job. It is
and ensure that where possible
                                   possible to study for a postgraduate
all forest developments are
sustainable.                       degree in forestry.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.453.
See also LANTRA (www.lantra.co.uk)
               Geneticist                                 ≈22k to 73k
       Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                            Qualifications needed
You study inherited                 Band 5: A-levels preferably including
characteristics in humans,          Biology and Chemistry with Physics
animals, plants and micro-          or Maths.
organisms. You can work in the
fields of biotechnology,            Degrees in genetics, biology, applied
biomedicine, bioinformatics, the    biology or biochemistry are
environment and agriculture, or     preferred. Molecular biology may
in the context of law,              also be acceptable. Some courses
archaeology or forensics. In
                                    offer molecular or human genetics or
hospital work, you provide
information and advice for          combine genetics with other
diagnosis and treatment.            biological sciences.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.465.
See also the Genetics Society website (www.genetics.org.uk)
     Horticultural Scientist                           21.5k-26k to 50k
                    Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Maths

The Job                           Qualifications needed
You study the science and         Band 4: possible
technology of cultivating         Band 5: At least one science subject
vegetables, fruit, flowers and
                                  (Chemistry and Biology are often
other plants. You conduct
research to develop new and       required at A-level)
more efficient methods of         Degrees in horticulture, biology,
small-scale planting and          chemistry, biotechnology, botany,
production. You may study
                                  biochemistry or plant or soil science
environmental issues including
soil erosion, pollution and       may be preferred. Grants from the
public health concerns            Botanical Society of the British Isles
including GM issues.              for degrees may be possible.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.520.
See also Grow Careers (www.growcareers.info)
      Lab. Technician: Science                      12k-13k to 30k-40k
                     Biology, Chemistry, Maths, Physics

The Job                           Qualifications needed
You generally specialise in       Band 3 and 4: possible
one area of science doing         Band 5: A-levels preferably including
practical tasks essential to      Chemistry, Maths or Physics.
research and development.
Tasks vary depending on           Broad degrees in biology, physics, or
the scientific area such as       chemistry, or more specific degrees
genetics, biology,                in genetics, nutrition, ecology,
microbiology, chemistry,          biomedical science, analytical
food science or agriculture.      chemistry, biophysics, geology,
You usually work in a team,       meteorology and pharmacology are
assisting senior scientists.      available.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.592.
See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)
           Marine Biologist                                    17k-20k to >60k
       Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                                 Qualifications needed
Laboratory or office work as             Band 5: A-levels including Biology
well as time spent on research           and preferably Chemistry, Maths or
vessels. You study micro-                Physics.
organisms, plant and animal
life in the ocean and on the             There are courses leading to first
shoreline. You may study the             degrees in marine/freshwater
effect of pollution, nuclear             biology and marine science, though
power stations, coral reefs, oil         many marine biologists have a
refineries and industrial activity
                                         degree in biology or biochemistry,
on the oceans, or the levels of
stocks of particular fish                usually followed by a specialist
species.                                 higher degree.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.634.
See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)
         Medical Herbalist                              15k-20k to >35k
         Biology, Chemistry, English, Health and Social Care, Psychology

The Job                             Qualifications needed
You use plant remedies to treat      Band 5: Preferably two science
a wide range of medical              subjects at A-level.
conditions and diseases such
as arthritis, high blood             For registration with the National
pressure, migraine, digestive        Institute of Medical Herbalists
disorders, hay fever and             (NIMH), a degree or postgraduate
asthma, insomnia, acne and           qualification in herbal medicine
eczema. Time is spent                accredited by the NIMH or European
preparing the medicines you
                                     Herbal and Traditional Medicine
prescribe, as well as discussing
                                     Practitioners Association is required.
symptoms and treatment with
patients.                            Contact the NIMH for details.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.651.
See also Prospects website (www.prospects.ac.uk)
           Microbiologist                                 ≈26k to 62k
       Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                            Qualifications needed
You study the biology and           Band 5: A-levels including Chemistry
chemistry of viruses, bacteria,     and preferably Biology, Maths or
algae or fungi and their            Physics.
practical application. You are
involved in diverse areas that      A degree in microbiology is usually
include medicine and                preferred, but bacteriology, biology,
pharmaceuticals, the                biochemistry, cell/molecular biology,
environment, agriculture,           genetics and marine biology may
education and industry. You
                                    also be acceptable subjects. Most
may be responsible for
managing a team of biomedical       other biological science degrees are
scientists and support staff.       useful.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.665.
See also Microbiology Careers (www.sgm-microbiologycareers.org.uk)
           Oceanographer                                       19k-28k to 60k
      Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                                Qualifications needed
Laboratory or office work as            Band 5: A-levels including two
well as time at sea. You study          sciences and maths.
different aspects of the oceans,
such as tides, temperature, the         A degree in oceanography/marine
organisms within them, or the           sciences or a closely related subject
sea floor. You may investigate          may be preferred. There are few first
pollution of the seas, the effects      degrees in oceanography, but there
of climate change, the salinity         are some combined courses with an
and circulation of water and the
                                        oceanography option. Some other
effects of pollution on marine
                                        scientific degrees are also
life or the geology of the sea
bed.                                    acceptable.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.723.
See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)
           Palaeontologist                                       ≈25k to 55k
      Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                                Qualifications needed
You study ancient life-forms            Band 5: A-levels including a science
and their environments. There           and maths.
are 4 main branches of the
subject: vertebrate and
invertebrate palaeontology,             Geology, geoscience, chemistry,
micropalaeontology and                  physics, biosciences, maths or
palaeobotany. Participation in          computing are the most useful
field trips is common and               degree subjects. Postgraduate
usually leads to data being             courses in palaeontology are
collected for research and              available for those with a relevant
publication. You may examine            degree.
fossils from all over the world.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.751.
See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)
             Soil Scientist                            19k-24k to 56k
     Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths

The Job                           Qualifications needed
You collect and analyse data       Band 5: A-levels including science
relating to the properties of      subjects (Chemistry and Biology are
soils and investigate              often required at A-level).
influences such as climate,
environment, land use and          A degree in soil science or at least a
biodiversity on them. You          significant course content of soil
advise those in agriculture,       science is required. A pre-entry
industry, construction, local      postgraduate qualification, such as
and central government and         an MSc in soil science, or similar, is
other scientists.                  essential for most posts involving
                                   field and/or laboratory work.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.980.
See also Careers in Agriculture (www.careersinagriculture.co.uk)
               Toxicologist                                21.5k-26.5k to 40k
      Biology, Chemistry, English, H+S Care, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

The Job                                Qualifications needed
You undertake laboratory and           Band 5: A-levels including
field studies to identify any          Chemistry, Biology, Maths or
harmful effects of chemicals,          Physics.
biological materials and
radiation on animals, plants,          Toxicology, environmental toxicology
humans and the environment.            or immunology and toxicology
You conduct experiments,               degrees are available. Other
evaluate data and write reports.       degrees include biochemical or
You may advise medical
                                       biological sciences, applied life
experts on treatment of
patients or specialise in the          sciences, biomedical science and
protection of the environment.         food or forensic science.

Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p.1095.
See also the ABPI (http://careers.abpi.org.uk)
                Job title                              salary
                             Relevant subjects

The Job                          Qualifications needed
blurb                             Band information




                                  Degree information




Information from Jobfile 2011-2012 (Babcock), p
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