The Indo-Europeans by VII9jovw

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 12

									THE INDO-EUROPEANS
       CHAPTER 3
       SECTION 1
              KEY TERMS

• Indo-Europeans   • Aryans
• Steppes          • Vedas
• Migration        • Brahmin
• Hittites         • Caste
• Anatolia         • Mahabharata
    INDO-EUROPEANS MIGRATE

• Nomadic peoples
  who came from
  steppes
• Steppes dry
  grassland in the
  Caucasus
• Tamed horses for
  battle
• Two wheel chariots
• Lived in tribes
    INDO-EUROPEANS MIGRATE

• Ancestors of
  modern language
 • Spanish, English,
   Persian, Hindi
• Can tell where
  tribes settled by
  their language
• Aryans spoke
  Sanskrit located in
  India
    INDO-EUROPEANS MIGRATE

• 1700-1200 BC
  started to migrate
• Migration-
  movements of
  people from one
  region to another
• Happens in waves
• Long period of time
          THE HITTITE EMPIRE

• 2000 BC occupied
  Anatolia (Turkey)
 • Timber
 • Minerals agriculture
• Occupied Babylon
• Signed a peace
  treaty with
  Egyptians over Syria
           THE HITTITE EMPIRE

• Adopted Akkadian
  language of the
  Babylonians
• Ideas, laws politics,
  literature from
  Mesopotamians
• Chariots new in
  warfare
• Iron weapons
  (sharper)
• Empire fell 1190 BC
     ARYANS TRANSFORM INDIA

• Aryans from the
  Caspian sea
• No archaeological
  record
• Vedas-collection of
  spells, prayers, rituals
• Big Rig Veda- 1028
  hymns
• Elders passed on from
  generation to
  generation
      ARYANS TRANSFORM INDIA

• Caste System
 •   Brahmins- priests
 •   Warriors
 •   Traders, landowners
 •   Peasants or traders
 •   The group you
     belonged to
     determined your role
     in society
     AYRANS TRANSFORM INDIA

• Class restrictions
 – Shudras-laborers
 – Varna- skin color
   distinguishing feature
 – 4 groups became the
   Varnas
 – Portuguese called it
   a caste system
 – Determined what
   you did
 – Who you married
      AYRAN KINGDOMS ARISE

• Chiefs were elected
  by the entire tribe
• 1000 BC minor kings
  wanted to set up
  territories.
• Magda- major
  kingdom
• By 200 BC Magda
  occupied almost the
  entire subcontinent
       ARYAN KINGDOMS ARISE

• Mahabharata-
  reflects the struggle
  as the Aryans took
  control
• Bhagavad Gita-
  warrior prince and
  Krishna
• Krishna in human
  form
• Taught prince too
  fight, live, and die

								
To top