Thomas Lacroix International Migration Institute University of Oxford The geopolitics of collective remittances Development projects of Hometown organisations, also called collective remittances are common illustration of the outcomes of transnational linkages forged and sustained by migrants with their origin country. Individual remittances are a universal phenomenon. It is far from being the case for collective remittances. This paper is part of a study which aims to identify the characteristics of the groups involved in collective practices of development. A review of the literature shows that such groups display distinctive geopolitical features. The areas from which these groups are originated maintain sometimes tense or even confrontational relationships with the central state. The groups are either ethnic or religious minorities or live in peripheral regions remote from the central powers. Through a systematic comparison between three groups: the Indian Punjabis settled in the UK and two Berber groups based in France, the Algerian Kabyles and the Moroccan Chleuhs, this paper analysis the impact of the geopolitical context on collective remittances. It will show how migration served as a form of resistance to the homogenising nation-building process and how the adoption of liberal governance under the aegis of structural adjustment plans led to new yearnings for development in origin areas.
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