Public Opinion and New Plants in the U.S by YH95e8

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									     Public Opinion
and New Plants in the U.S.


        Patricia Bryant
        U.S. WIN / NEI
          14 May 2001
    Seoul, Republic of Korea
              Overview

   Nuclear Energy Institute
   Electricity Generation and Projects
   New Nuclear Energy Plants
   Public Opinion
   U.S. Women in Nuclear (U.S. WIN)
Nuclear Energy Institute
    Nuclear Energy Institute

   An energy policy organization
       300 corporate members
         nuclear power plants
         fuel suppliers

         design and engineering firms

         radionuclide and radiopharmaceutical

          companies
         universities, labor unions, research

          laboratories
    Nuclear Energy Institute

   Members in 15 countries, including
    Republic of Korea
       Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Company
       Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety
       Organization for Korea Atomic Energy
        Awareness
       Korea Atomic Industrial Forum, a
        sister organization of NEI
Electricity Generation in
         the U.S.
              Share of Total US Electricity
               Generation by Fuel (2000)

 Nuclear 19.8%                   Hydro 7.1%

                                      Renewables
                                         2.3%

Gas 16.2%




     Oil 2.9%                        Coal 51.7%


Source: EIA
   Nuclear Energy: Largest Source
       of U.S. Emission-Free
             Generation Geothermal 1.3%
                               Wind 0.34%
                               Solar 0.1%


              Hydro 29.1%


                   Nuclear 69.2%


Source: EIA
         Generating Capacity                                        Construction
                                                                     of ~ 28,000
                                                                    MW per year
                                                    Construction     on average
                                                     of ~ 20,000
                                                    MW per year
                                                     on average
600,000                                                             564,000
                Construction
500,000          of ~ 12,000
                MW per year          Construction    393,000          2.5%
400,000          on average           of ~ 6,000                     annual
                                     MW per year                   growth in
300,000                               on average       1.8%
                                                                   electricity
                                                      annual
200,000                                                             demand
                  119,119                           growth in
100,000                                57,305       electricity
                                                     demand
        0
                1979-1989            1989-1999      2000-2020      2000-2020


Source: Energy Information Administration
         U.S. “Renaissance”
   Increased recognition of nuclear energy’s
    strategic value
   Excellent operating economics
   Nuclear generation emerging as core
    business
   License renewal
   Planning for new nuclear plants
Public Opinion
          Public Opinion

   Do you strongly favor, somewhat
    favor, somewhat oppose, strongly
    oppose the use of nuclear energy as
    one of the ways to provide electricity
    for the U.S.?
     Actual public opinion
     about nuclear energy
                           College Graduates/
                    Public       Voters
                   Nov 2000 March 2001
                      %            %
Favor                 58           64
Oppose                36           32
Not sure              6            4
       1,000 adults, 500 college graduates/registered voters
       Bisconti Research/Bruskin Research
            Public Opinion
   “Thinking about the nuclear energy plants that
    are operating now, how safe do you regard these
    plants? Please think of a scale from “1” to “7,”
    where “1” means “very unsafe” and “7” means
    “very safe.” The safer you think they are, the
    higher the number you would give.”
     Growing public confidence in
      nuclear power plant safety
                              % Safe           % Unsafe
60                                                                            57
      46

40
        35

                                                                              20
20




 0
     1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1993 1994 1995 1997 2000

             Yearly averages, national surveys each with 1,000 U.S. adults,
             Cambridge Reports and Bisconti Research, Inc.
          Public Opinion

   Can you name any advantages of
    nuclear energy as a source of energy?
     Growing awareness of
     environmental benefits
% mentioning an environmental benefit of
60
            nuclear energy
                                                           49
                        40                40
40
      32

20




 0




      1998             1999              2000             2001

       Yearly averages, national averages, each with 500 college
       graduates/registered voters, Bisconti Research, Inc.
          Public Opinion

   There are more than 100 nuclear
    energy plants in the U.S. that
    generate 1/5 of the electricity without
    emitting greenhouse gases or
    generating air pollution.
 Impact of information about
 clean air benefits of nuclear
            energy
                        Before            After
                       Hearing           Hearing
                     Information       Information
                          %                 %
Favor nuclear energy      61                75
Oppose nuclear energy     34                22
Don’t know                5                 3


                      500 college graduates/registered voters
                      Bisconti Research, Inc., September 2000
          Public Opinion

   When their original operating license
    expires, we should renew the license
    of nuclear energy plants that continue
    to meet federal safety standards.
  % of U.S. adults agree:
renew nuclear power plant
100
         licenses
         79          81                   87
 75




 50




 25




  0




      O ct.-9 9   Ja n .-0 1           M a r.-0 1

                    Bisconti Research/Bruskin Research
          Public Opinion

   We should definitely build more
    nuclear energy plants in the future.
     % of U.S. adults agree:
      definitely build more
      nuclear power plants
75
                                            66
                      51
50
        42

25




 0




      O ct.-9 9    Ja n .-0 1            M a r.-0 1

                  Bisconti Research/Bruskin Research
          Public Opinion

   If a new power plant were needed to
    supply electricity, would it be
    acceptable to you or not acceptable to
    you to add a nuclear power plant next
    to the nearest nuclear power plants
    that are already operating?
        Acceptability of
  new nuclear power plants
next to nearest existing plants
   Acceptable
                                               N ot
     67%
                                           acceptable
                                              25%


                                           D on't
                                           know
                                            8%




            Bisconti Research/Bruskin Research, March 2001
Conclusions about public
 acceptance of nuclear
        energy
• Support is underestimated.
• Perceptions and attitudes have changed.
• Need for reliable energy has increased
  support.
• Awareness of clean air benefits could
  further increase support.
Recent headlines
U.S. Women in Nuclear
Patricia Bryant (US-WIN) gives a presentation about public
            perception on new reactors in USA.

								
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