Public Opinion and New Plants in the U.S. Patricia Bryant U.S. WIN / NEI 14 May 2001 Seoul, Republic of Korea Overview Nuclear Energy Institute Electricity Generation and Projects New Nuclear Energy Plants Public Opinion U.S. Women in Nuclear (U.S. WIN) Nuclear Energy Institute Nuclear Energy Institute An energy policy organization 300 corporate members nuclear power plants fuel suppliers design and engineering firms radionuclide and radiopharmaceutical companies universities, labor unions, research laboratories Nuclear Energy Institute Members in 15 countries, including Republic of Korea Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Company Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety Organization for Korea Atomic Energy Awareness Korea Atomic Industrial Forum, a sister organization of NEI Electricity Generation in the U.S. Share of Total US Electricity Generation by Fuel (2000) Nuclear 19.8% Hydro 7.1% Renewables 2.3% Gas 16.2% Oil 2.9% Coal 51.7% Source: EIA Nuclear Energy: Largest Source of U.S. Emission-Free Generation Geothermal 1.3% Wind 0.34% Solar 0.1% Hydro 29.1% Nuclear 69.2% Source: EIA Generating Capacity Construction of ~ 28,000 MW per year Construction on average of ~ 20,000 MW per year on average 600,000 564,000 Construction 500,000 of ~ 12,000 MW per year Construction 393,000 2.5% 400,000 on average of ~ 6,000 annual MW per year growth in 300,000 on average 1.8% electricity annual 200,000 demand 119,119 growth in 100,000 57,305 electricity demand 0 1979-1989 1989-1999 2000-2020 2000-2020 Source: Energy Information Administration U.S. “Renaissance” Increased recognition of nuclear energy’s strategic value Excellent operating economics Nuclear generation emerging as core business License renewal Planning for new nuclear plants Public Opinion Public Opinion Do you strongly favor, somewhat favor, somewhat oppose, strongly oppose the use of nuclear energy as one of the ways to provide electricity for the U.S.? Actual public opinion about nuclear energy College Graduates/ Public Voters Nov 2000 March 2001 % % Favor 58 64 Oppose 36 32 Not sure 6 4 1,000 adults, 500 college graduates/registered voters Bisconti Research/Bruskin Research Public Opinion “Thinking about the nuclear energy plants that are operating now, how safe do you regard these plants? Please think of a scale from “1” to “7,” where “1” means “very unsafe” and “7” means “very safe.” The safer you think they are, the higher the number you would give.” Growing public confidence in nuclear power plant safety % Safe % Unsafe 60 57 46 40 35 20 20 0 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1993 1994 1995 1997 2000 Yearly averages, national surveys each with 1,000 U.S. adults, Cambridge Reports and Bisconti Research, Inc. Public Opinion Can you name any advantages of nuclear energy as a source of energy? Growing awareness of environmental benefits % mentioning an environmental benefit of 60 nuclear energy 49 40 40 40 32 20 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 Yearly averages, national averages, each with 500 college graduates/registered voters, Bisconti Research, Inc. Public Opinion There are more than 100 nuclear energy plants in the U.S. that generate 1/5 of the electricity without emitting greenhouse gases or generating air pollution. Impact of information about clean air benefits of nuclear energy Before After Hearing Hearing Information Information % % Favor nuclear energy 61 75 Oppose nuclear energy 34 22 Don’t know 5 3 500 college graduates/registered voters Bisconti Research, Inc., September 2000 Public Opinion When their original operating license expires, we should renew the license of nuclear energy plants that continue to meet federal safety standards. % of U.S. adults agree: renew nuclear power plant 100 licenses 79 81 87 75 50 25 0 O ct.-9 9 Ja n .-0 1 M a r.-0 1 Bisconti Research/Bruskin Research Public Opinion We should definitely build more nuclear energy plants in the future. % of U.S. adults agree: definitely build more nuclear power plants 75 66 51 50 42 25 0 O ct.-9 9 Ja n .-0 1 M a r.-0 1 Bisconti Research/Bruskin Research Public Opinion If a new power plant were needed to supply electricity, would it be acceptable to you or not acceptable to you to add a nuclear power plant next to the nearest nuclear power plants that are already operating? Acceptability of new nuclear power plants next to nearest existing plants Acceptable N ot 67% acceptable 25% D on't know 8% Bisconti Research/Bruskin Research, March 2001 Conclusions about public acceptance of nuclear energy • Support is underestimated. • Perceptions and attitudes have changed. • Need for reliable energy has increased support. • Awareness of clean air benefits could further increase support. Recent headlines U.S. Women in Nuclear Patricia Bryant (US-WIN) gives a presentation about public perception on new reactors in USA.
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