GROSSMONT COLLEGE                                                                                                       ART 100
ART DEPARTMENT                                                                                                      S. WASCHER
                                                                                                                        Fall 2012

Study Guide for Test 2 – 2D Media
Two-Dimensional Media - Chapters 5 - 8
Understanding Art textbook

Essay Questions for Test 2

Here is a list of works of art from your textbook, Understanding Art. Below are questions that address each work of art. Read the
information about each work of art for an understanding of its significance. Your essay answer should be at least two to four sentences.
Answers should be paraphrased in your own words, not plagiarized from the text. If you plagiarize the author’s words, your answer will be
critically penalized or not accepted at all.
You may also express your own opinion as long as you have comprehended and addressed the information in the text.

Two or three of these questions shall be on the examination and will be worth 3 points each. Other questions may be devised from these
questions, so it is to your advantage to complete the questions about these images.

Chapter 5 – Drawing

    1.   Cartoons had been originally used for what purpose? How did Daumier change the meaning of a cartoon in the
         mid-19th Century? And, what are some different types of cartoons seen today and do they have meaning or a message?
             Unknown                       Example of manga artwork                              (5-23)
             Honoré Daumier                Counsel for the Defense (the Advocate)                (5-24)

Chapter 6 – Painting

    2.   Describe a fresco. Which type of perspective did Raphael utilize to achieve depth and a focal point? Also, who are the
         two main figures in this image and what is the meaning of this image?
             Raphael                       The School of Athens                                    (16-20)

Chapter 7 – Printmaking

    3.   What influences did the woodcut prints of East Asia have on many modern Western European 19th Century artists and
         how did these influences change Western compositions and ideas on subject matter?
              Ando Hiroshige              Rain Shower on Ohasi Bridge                           (18-38)
              Vincent van Gogh            Bridge in the Rain                                    (18-39)

Chapter 12 – Graphic Design & Illustration

4.     Provide several reasons why a logo or symbol would be extremely important to a corporation or organization?
                 Rob Janoff                   Apple Logo                                              (12-41)
                 Ruth Kedar                   Google Logo                                             (12-42)

Image Identifications for Test 2        Five of these images will be on the test and will be worth 1 point each. (1/4 point for each entry - artist,
title, medium & classified period)

Image #                   Artist                         Title                                 Medium              Classified Period

5-9             Claudio Bravo                Package                                           charcoal/pastel     Hyperrealism

5-20            Katsushika Hokusai           Boy Playing Flute                                 brush & ink         19th Century

6-15            Crash (John Matos)           Arcadia Revisited                                 spray paint         Postmodern

7-15            Käthe Kollwitz               The Mothers                                       lithograph          Expressionism

8-19            Andreas Gursky               Bahrain I                                         photograph          21st Century

8-23            Busby Berkeley               Tutti Frutti number from Dames                    film still          Cinematography

12-40           Henri de Toulouse Lautrec    Le Divan Japonais                                 color lithograph    Art Nouveau

16-28           Tintoretto                   The Last Supper                                   oil                 Renaissance

17-15           Diego Velázquez              Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor)                  oil                 Baroque

21-33           Elizabeth Catlett            Harriet                                           linocut             African American Modernist

       Chapter 5 - Drawing

       1.   Differentiate between a linear drawing and a tonal contrast or value drawing.

       2.   Categories of Drawing

                a.   Dry media - Identify the different binder or vehicle used in these dry mediums. Can you recognize the
                     difference finished appearances of these dry mediums?

                        1)   Pencil / Graphite

                        2)   Charcoal

                        3)   Chalk Pastel

                        4)   Wax Crayon or Oil Pastel

         b.   Fluid Media - Where did we originally get ink from and how has it been produced in modern times?

                  1)        Can you recognize the difference in technical application and finished appearance?

                            a)   Pen & Ink

                            b)   Pen & Wash

                            c)   Brush & Ink

                            d)   Brush & Wash

3.   Compare the original use of a cartoon to how the cartoon developed in the mid 19th C and how cartoons are utilized today.

         a.   What is a caricature?

Chapter 6 - Painting

1. Types of Paint - Identify the different binder or vehicle used in these painting mediums.

         a. Fresco

         b. Encaustic

         d. Oil

         e. Acrylic

         f. Watercolor

         g. Spray Paint

         h.   Mixed media/ Nontraditional

                       1)    collage

                       2) mosaic

Chapter 7 - Printmaking

1. Differentiate between a matrix and a print.

2. Why does printmaking create limited editions?

3. Identify the four different categories of printmaking - relief, intaglio, lithography & serigraphy
   and examine the technical processes utilized to achieve these various types of prints.

         a. Relief - For a wood matrix, what must be taken away to construct a relief print?

         b. What might you see as a difference in a woodcut/ linocut and a wood engraving, as a type of relief print?

                   1) Woodcut / Linocut

                   2) Wood Engraving

         c.   Intaglio - What must be done to the metal matrix to achieve each intaglio type of print?

                 1) Engraving

                 2)   Etching

                 3)   Aquatint

         d.   Lithography - What must be used for a lithographic matrix and what should be used on the matrix to create
              this type of print?

         e.   Serigraphy or Screenprinting - What can be used for this type of matrix and how will this matrix be created?

Chapter 8 - Imaging: Photography, Film, Video & Digital Arts

1. History of Photography and types of Photography

         a. Why would a photographic portrait appeal to the bourgeoisie?

         b. What purpose does Photojournalism serve?

         c. Who helped to develop Photography as an Art Form? How did his influence affect the field of photography as it
            has developed over the last hundred years?

2.   Cinematography

         a. How did film develop from photography?

         b.   Identify some of the various editing processes used in film making.

         c. Differentiate between traditional animation and computer-generated imagery (CGI)?

         d. Analyze the various types of Cinematographic Experiences a viewer could experience.

3. Differentiate the technology utilized in creating video art and digital art?

4. Similar to a collage, yet different, how can a Photomontage be defined?

Chapter 12 – Graphic Design, Logos & Web Design

        a.   What might be some different types of Graphic Design?

        b.   What does Graphic Design accomplish?

        c.   Differentiate between a logo and a symbol.

        d. What might be a new form of design which utilizes the computer?

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