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Nunavut Impact Review Board Information Requirements ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS Indicate and describe the components of the environment that are near the project area, as applicable. Attach any relevant maps or information: N/A Type of species (common name, Important Habitat Area (calving, Critical time periods associated herd, etc.) staging, denning, migratory (calving, post- pathways, spawning, nesting, calving, spawning, etc.) nesting, breeding, etc.) Example: Narwhal Ice floe edge in Pond Inlet June-July, at break-up time Fish: Caribou: Muskox: Raptor: Migratory Birds: Waterfowl: Seals: Whales: Narwhals: Canid family (wolves, wolverines, foxes, etc.) Bears (grizzly, polar, black): Other: Eskers: Communities: Historical/Archaeological sites: Indicate and describe other known uses of the area such as local development, traditional use (hunting/fishing/spiritual), outfitting, tourism, mineral development, research, etc.: N/A Describe the impacts of the proposed project activity on the environmental components and uses, in the area listed above N/A What are some suggested mitigation measures for these impacts N/A COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT & REGIONAL BENEFITS List the community representatives that you have contacted about this proposed project: Community Organization Date How Telephone # Fax # Contacted Pond Inlet Cornelius Meetings in Various In person N/A Nutarak Feb., July, meetings (Pond Inlet Dec. from winter Elders 2005 of 2005 to Committee) signing of letter of agreement July 27, 2005 Pond Inlet Joseph Koonoo Parks July 21, 2005 In person N/A Canada’s Dec. 4, 2005 Pond Inlet Inuit Knowledge Working Group Pond Inlet Paniloo Sangoya Parks July 21, 2005 In person N/A Canada’s Dec. 4, 2005 Pond Inlet Inuit Knowledge Working Group Describe the level of involvement that the residents of Nunavut have had with respect to the proposed project. Elaborate on local employment opportunities, training programs, contracts, Inuit Impact and Benefit Agreements (if applicable): This project is part of a multi-year initiative funded by Parks Canada that began in the spring of 2005. Parks Canada’s “Inuit Knowledge Project: Using Inuit Knowledge, in the Management, Research and Monitoring of Nunavut National Parks” includes the involvement of the following groups: Joint Park Management Committees (JPMCs) for Sirmilik and Auyuittuq National Parks The JPMCs for Sirmilik and Auyuittuq National Parks have each discussed the overall project and provided their support. The Ukkusiksalik Park Management Committee will be formed in the coming months and at that time we will consult with them about the overall project. Elders’ Committees: Pangnirtung, Qikiqtarjuaq, Pond Inlet The elders’ committees in Pangnirtung, Qikiqtarjuaq and Pond Inlet have been informed about the project and strongly support it. Each elders’ committee provided us with guidance on the formation of Inuit Knowledge Working Groups, recommending that the working groups include representation from local elders, youth and HTOs. Parks Canada Inuit Knowledge Project Working Groups: Auyuittuq Inuit Knowledge Working Group - made up of 7 community members from Pangnirtung and Qikiqtarjuaq and meeting every 4-6 weeks for the next 3 years Pond Inlet Inuit Knowledge Working Group - made up of 4 community members and meeting every 4-6 weeks for the next 3 years Arctic Bay Inuit Knowledge Working Group - to be formed within the next 3 months, 4 community members, meeting every 4-6 weeks for the next 3 years Ukkusiksalik Inuit Knowledge Working Groups - two working groups to be formed in 2006, each made up of 4-5 members that will meet regularly for the next 3 years Members of each of these working groups receive honoraria for their participation in meetings at the rate established through the national park IIBAs ($180/day, modified over time in line with Nunavut Wildlife Management Board recommendations). Community-based research projects will be established over the course of the next few years. Community researchers will receive training and pay for their research work. We will also be contracting translators, interpreters, transcribers, etc. as each community- based research project is developed. The particular sub-project (under the larger Parks Canada “Inuit Knowledge Project”) for which we are currently applying for a licence will compensate Pond Inlet Elder, Cornelius Nutarak, for the time he spends preparing materials for taped interviews and for taped interview sessions. An interpreter will be hired for the taped interview sessions and a translator/ transcriber will be contracted to work with the recorded material. Is there a Traditional Knowledge component to this research project? If yes, please describe. If the traditional knowledge component will occur outside the national park please ensure you obtain a research licence from the Nunavut Research Institute. Yes, the applicants received a research licence from the Nunavut Research Institute (licence #: 0205805R-M, issued on November 17, 2005). The project was also reviewed by the University of Manitoba’s Joint-Faculty Research Ethics Board (peer review by 3 independent and anonymous academic reviewers) and issued an approval certificate (protocol #J2005:137, issued November 24, 2005). The ultimate goal of the overall Inuit Knowledge Project is to explore how to work with Inuit Knowledge to manage protected areas, namely three of Nunavut’s four national parks, Sirmilik, Auyuittuq and Ukkusiksalik National Parks. The project aims to do this by finding ways to document Inuit knowledge in culturally appropriate ways, and by building relationships and capacity with interested Inuit organizations. The project also aims to make sure that the information collected throughout the life of the overall project is accessible to all Nunavummiut while providing protocols for the sharing of knowledge that communities/ individuals may consider to be of a sensitive nature. The project will provide tools and support for community-based researchers to work with community-elected Inuit Knowledge Working Groups (IKWGs) who are meeting regularly to design and guide individual research projects. These research projects will document Inuit knowledge of the parks listed above as well as their surrounding areas over the course of the next three years. This project is part of Parks Canada’s effort to recognize that in order to maintain the ecological integrity of Nunavut’s national parks, it must find ways to facilitate the participation of Inuit knowledge-holders in park management and implementation and increase Parks Canada’s capacity to work with Inuit knowledge-holders and their knowledge. In Sirmilik National Park, the project is focusing on ways of ensuring mutual learning between park staff, scientists and the communities of Pond Inlet and Arctic Bay, by bringing Inuit Knowledge into the park’s resource description. In Auyuittuq National Park, representatives from the communities of Pangnirtung and Qikiqtarjuaq are working together to design a community- based marine monitoring program. In Ukkusiksalik National Park, once the Ukkusiksalik Management Planning Committee is formed, the project will focus on building a common vision of the state of the park. The project aims to ensure that expert advice and input – from elders, natural and social scientists – accompanies all stages of project design. Elders committees have been consulted over the last several months in Pangnirtung, Qikiqtarjuaq and Pond Inlet. Inuit Knowledge Working Groups made up of elder, youth and HTO representatives have been formed for Auyuittuq National Park and in Pond Inlet. Three further groups will be formed: one in Arctic Bay and two groups will be formed for Ukkusiksalik National Park. An expert advisory committee will soon be established to guide the broad objectives of the project and college and university involvement currently includes graduate students and professors from the University of Rimouski in Québec, the University of Manitoba and Memorial University of Newfoundland. Anne Kendrick has an academic background in the natural and social sciences and has worked on northern research projects over the last 15 years in the Northwest Territories, Nunavut and northern Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Dr. Kendrick was recently hired (April 2005) as a Research Associate to the overall Inuit Knowledge project, hosted by the Canada Research Chair in Community-Based Resource Management at the Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba. Over the last few months she has co-facilitated meetings of the Pond Inlet Inuit Knowledge Working Group and met several times with Pond Inlet Elder, Cornelius Nutarak, to discuss the development of a research project designed to document his traditional knowledge of Sirmilik National Park and its surrounding areas. Mr. Nutarak is a respected elder who has documented his knowledge of changing cultural and ecological trends in the Pond Inlet area in journals, kept daily since 1963. In recent years, Mr. Nutarak has expressed his interest in working with Parks Canada to share the knowledge contained in his journals. Mr. Nutarak has decades of experience working with researchers (on archaeological digs and other projects). Micheline Manseau co-authored the proposal that successfully competed for the multi-year funding that Parks Canada awarded to its Nunavut Field Unit for the Inuit Knowledge Project. Dr. Manseau occupies a shared position between Parks Canada and the Canada Research Chair in Community-Based Resources Management at the Natural Resources Institute of the University of Manitoba. Dr. Manseau is active both locally and nationally on a number of wildlife issues/committees. She works with Nunavut national parks on several projects including the Inuit Knowledge Project. Purpose of this Sub-Project of Parks Canada’s overall Inuit Knowledge Project The primary purpose of the project with Pond Inlet Elder, Cornelius Nutarak, is to work with him to design a collaborative research project that documents his extensive knowledge of the Sirmilik National Park area. Goals and Objectives 1) To work with an elder with extensive knowledge of the Sirmilik National Park area to prioritize the documentation of the knowledge that he feels is most relevant to the management of the park and to the youth of Pond Inlet. 2) To document this knowledge in ways that will make it accessible to Pond Inlet youth, community members and Sirmilik park staff. 3) To concentrate on documenting Mr. Nutarak’s knowledge of changing polar bear distribution, behaviour and hunter interactions with bears in the Pond Inlet area over the course of the last 40 years. This is a subject that Mr. Nutarak identified in July 2005 conversations as a priority for him. Mr. Nutarak voiced his desire to see this knowledge made accessible to the youth of the community in particular. We hope that by choosing a research subject in collaboration with Mr. Nutarak, that we will be building a project that is relevant and meaningful to the elders and the youth of Pond Inlet. There are concerns among the members of the Pond Inlet Elders Committee and the Pond Inlet Inuit Knowledge Working Group that young people and tourists visiting Sirmilik National Park are not as knowledgeable of polar bear movements, distribution and behaviour as they should be in order to stay safe in the areas in and around Pond Inlet and Sirmilik National Park. Mr. Nutarak’s decision to concentrate on documenting his knowledge of polar bears will make a significant contribution to the address of these concerns.
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