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									                    Module 6 Note Taking Guide

                  Lesson 6.01:Organization of Life


Lesson Page:

Organization of Living Things

_______________________ – The smallest level of organization for living things.
     Example: Oxygen, Hydrogen

______________________ - A group of atoms that work together.
      Example: Water (Oxygen and Hydrogen joined together)

_____________________ – A group of molecules that work together.
     Example: Red Blood Cell

_____________________ – A group of cells that work together.
     Example: Cardiac Tissue

_____________________Organs- A group of tissues that work together
     Example: The Heart

______________________- A group of organs that work together
     Example: Circulatory system

____________________ – A group of organ systems that work together
     Example: Human




Assignment Due: Multiple Choice Quiz
                       Lesson 6.02 Note Taking Guide
                                Cell Theory
Introduction:
Every living thing is made up of __________________. This is true of all living things no
matter how small or how complex. Cells contain all of the necessary information for
reproduction, ____________, and other functions of living things.

Lesson:
The cell theory was developed to show the _______________________ between cells
and living things.
       There are __________________ parts to the cell theory:
               1. All living organisms are made of __________________.
               2. All ________________ come from other cells.
               3. Cells are the basic unit of __________________.

All Living Organisms are Made of Cells
Living organisms can be broken down into _____________ different groups based on
the number of cells found within the organism.

___________________________ - Organisms that contain only one cell. Usually need a
microscope to see them. Example: bacteria

___________________________ - Organisms that contain more than one cell. All plants
and animals are in this category.

Cells are the Basic Units of Life
All living things have the following seven properties:

   1.   ________________________ – living things can balance their internal conditions
   2.   ______________________ – living things, cells, and groups of cells are organized
   3.   __________________ – living things can break down other chemicals for energy
   4.   ____________________ – living things use energy to grow
   5.   _________________ – living things can change in response to their environment
   6.   Response to __________________ – living things respond to their environment
   7.   ______________________ – living things have the ability to make new organisms


Assignment Due: Multiple Choice Quiz
                            Lesson 6.02: Cell Theory

Introduction:
Every living thing is made up of __________________. This is true of all living things no
matter how small or how complex. Cells contain all of the necessary information for
reproduction, ____________, and other functions of living things.


Lesson:
The cell theory was developed to show the _______________________ between cells
and living things.
       There are __________________ parts to the cell theory:
               4. All living organisms are made of __________________.
               5. All ________________ come from other cells.
               6. Cells are the basic unit of __________________.

All Living Organisms are Made of Cells
Living organisms can be broken down into _____________ different groups based on
the number of cells found within the organism.

___________________________ - Organisms that contain only one cell. Usually need a
microscope to see them. Example: bacteria

___________________________ - Organisms that contain more than one cell. All plants
and animals are in this category.

Cells are the Basic Units of Life
All living things have the following seven properties:

   8. ________________________ – living things can balance their internal conditions
   9. ______________________ – living things, cells, and groups of cells are organized
   10. __________________ – living things can break down other chemicals for energy
   11. ____________________ – living things use energy to grow
   12. _________________ – living things can change in response to their environment
   13. Response to __________________ – living things respond to their environment
   14. ______________________ – living things have the ability to make new organisms


Assignment Due: Multiple Choice Quiz
                            Lesson 6.03: Organelles
Lesson:
Organelles

The different parts of the cell are called ________________________. Organelles
perform all of the necessary _______________________________in a cell.

Even though all cells are the basic units of life, animal cells do ___________________
from plant cells. Plant cells contain some extra organelles that animals do not have.

                                                                             Location:
       Organelle                      Function of Organelle                  Plant cells,
                                                                            Animal cells,
                                                                              or both
Cell Membrane

Cell Wall

Chloroplast

Cytoplasm

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Golgi Apparatus

Mitochondria

Nucleus

Vacuoles



Did you notice that animal cells do not contain cell walls and chloroplasts? Why is that?

Assignment Due: Complete the 6.03 Organelles assignment located on the Activity
page.
                         Lesson 6.04: Cell Process
Lesson:
Homeostasis is the process where living things maintain this ______________
inside their bodies no matter what is happening ________________ their bodies.


Cells maintain homeostasis by:

    The __________________________________ allows nutrients to enter and
     leave the cell to maintain the right balance inside the cell.
    Cells remove _________________ when waste levels get too high
    Cells extract ____________________from food when the amount of energy
     in the cell gets low.



The Cell Membrane

Cell membrane controls what comes ______ and out of the cell. The cell
membrane will _______________________the amount of nutrients that are
inside the cell. Nutrients are substances the cell needs to survive. Ex: Oxygen,
Carbon dioxide, Food, and Water

The cell membrane also helps rid the cell of _____________________ products.



Cells Extract Energy from Food

When cells need more energy, they can extract energy from ________________.
   The mitochondria are the organelles that do this.
        o They covert potential energy into ___________________energy.

Energy extracted from nutrients is used for cell ________________, reproduction,
maintaining __________________________, and movement.


Assignment Due: Multiple Choice Quiz
                       Lesson 6.05: Human Body Systems
Lesson:
Human Body Systems Chart

     Body System            What organs make up      What does this system do
                               this system?                  for us?
The Nervous System

The Circulatory System

The Respiratory System

The Immune System

The Digestive System

The Musculoskeletal
System
The Reproductive System



Homeostasis
Each of these systems helps to keep the body in balance.

    The nervous system controls _______________ that happens in our bodies
    The circulatory, respiratory, and digestive systems all work together to
     distribute ______________ (food and oxygen) and expel waste (carbon
     dioxide and the like) from our bodies.
    The nervous system and musculoskeletal system work together to allow
     our bodies to __________________________.
    The _______________ system works to keep us healthy and free of disease.


Assignment Due: Create 10 crossword clues and answers using the vocabulary
from this lesson. More information can be found on the Activity page.
                        Lesson 6.06: Infection Agents
Lesson:
Humans are constantly being attacked by ____________ that can cause disease. These
agents are all around us. The agents that attack us and cause infection can be placed in
one of four categories: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and Parasites

Bacteria
Bacteria are __________________-celled living organisms.
        Come in many different shapes and sizes

Bacteria produce _____________ that can damage the cells of your body.
        Ways your body protections itself:
             o White blood cells are special cells that hunt down and exterminate
                harmful bacteria that make it into your body.
             o __________________ increase the body’s temperature because many
                bacteria cannot live in high temperatures
             o ___________________________ are drugs that destroy bacteria.

Virus
Viruses are _________________ infectious agents.
        Viruses cannot reproduce on their __________. They must live inside a
          _______________cell. Viruses enter cells inside our bodies and use the cells
          to reproduce and produce energy.

Viruses _____________ the cells within your body.
        Ways your body protections itself:
             o The white blood cells will track down and destroy viruses.
             o Medicine can decrease the symptoms, or stop it from multiplying.

Fungi
Fungi are organisms that can cause ___________________. Some are multi-cellular and
some are unicellular. Ex: molds, mildews, yeast, and mushrooms.

Parasites
Parasites are organisms that ____________ on other organisms for food.
Ex: mosquitoes, ticks, and tapeworms

Assignment Due: Multiple Choice Quiz
                         Lesson 6.07: Classification
Lesson:
We arrange organisms into different groups based on their appearance, where they live,
and their DNA.

Every organism is placed into one of _________ groups. These groups are called
domains.

The three domains are
_______________________ – these are bacteria that can live in extreme environments.
___________________________ – these are bacteria that live in and among us.
_________________ – these are plants, animals, fungus, and other simple organisms.

Each domain can then be broken down even further into kingdoms.

Domain Eubacteria  Kingdom Eubacteria

Domain Archaebacteria  Kingdom Archaebacteria

Domain Eukaryote  Kingdom Protists, Kingdom Fungi, Kingdom Plants, Kingdom
Animals


Kingdoms:

________________________ - these are bacteria that can live in extreme environments.
_________________________- these are bacteria that live in and among us.
___________________– microscopic organisms that are neither plants nor animals
______________ – have cell walls like plants, but cannot make their own food. Ex: mold
_______________________ –organisms that use the sunlight to make their own food
_______________________ – organisms that fly, walk, run, hop, swim and slither


Kingdoms can also be broken down even further into more specific groups

    Domain  Kingdom  Phylum  Class  Family  Genus  Species


Assignment Due: Complete the 6.07 Classification assignment on the Activity Page.

								
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