Karl Marx Who what what? What kind of guy would have said this? History calls those men the greatest who have ennobled themselves by working for the common good; experience acclaims as happiest the man who has made the greatest number of people happy. Marx, Letter to His Father (1837) Reason has always existed, but not always in a reasonable form. Marx, Letter from the Deutsch- Französische Jahrbücher to Ruge (1843) Political Economy regards the proletarian ... like a horse, he must receive enough to enable him to work. It does not consider him, during the time when he is not working, as a human being. It leaves this to criminal law, doctors, religion, statistical tables, politics, and the beadle. Marx, Wages of Labour (1844) The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas, i.e. the class which is the ruling material force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force. The class which has the means of material production at its disposal, has control at the same time over the means of mental production, so that thereby, generally speaking, the ideas of those who lack the means of mental production are subject to it. Marx, German Ideology (1845) It will be the workers, with their courage, resolution and self-sacrifice, who will be chiefly responsible for achieving victory. The petty bourgeoisie will hesitate as long as possible and remain fearful, irresolute and inactive; but when victory is certain it will claim it for itself and will call upon the workers to behave in an orderly fashion, and it will exclude the proletariat from the fruits of victory. ... the rule of the bourgeois democrats, from the very first, will carry within it the seeds of its own destruction, and its subsequent displacement by the proletariat will be made considerably easier.. Marx, Address of the Central Committee to the Communist League (1850) This kind of guy. 1. What are your expectations of Marxism, based on these quotations? 2. Read the extract on Marxism in your Critical Anthology and write a brief ‘Dummies Guide to Marxism’ as a response.
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