Social Studies by bH1nxDE0

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									                                                                                                                         Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
                                                                                                                  Kindergarten: Foundations of Social Studies
                                                                          In kindergarten, students are introduced to the four social studies disciplines of citizenship and government, economics, geography
                                                                          and history. They learn the importance of rules and demonstrate basic skills that reflect civic values. Students begin to identify
                                                                          things that define America’s civic identity, while also learning how cultures differ from one another. They use simple geographical
                                                                          tools and historical stories to explore various places and times. Students also develop an understanding of basic economic
                                                                          concepts related to scarcity—a key concept in the decision making process.

Gr Stran Sub-                                                                  Standard                                   Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
                                                                                                     Code
     d   stran                                                              Understand that…                             (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                                     Demonstrate civic skills in a
                                                                                                                 classroom that reflect an
                                                                          1. Democratic                          understanding of civic
         1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                          government depends                     values.
                                                                                                                 For example: Civic
                                                                          on informed and                        skills—listening to others,
                                                                          engaged citizens who                   participating in class
                                                                          exhibit civic skills and
                                                 1.Civic Skills




                                                                                                                 discussions, taking turns,
                                                                          values, practice civic                 sharing with others,
K                                                                         discourse, vote and        0.1.1.1.1   cooperating in class
                                                                          participate in                         activities, wise or judicious
                                                                          elections, apply                       exercise of authority. Civic
                                                                          inquiry and analysis                   values—fairness, individual
                                                                          skills, and take action                dignity, self-control, justice,
                                                                          to solve problems and                  responsibility, courage,
                                                                          shape public policy.                   honesty, common good,
                                                                                                                 respect, friendship.
                                         2. Civic Values and Principles




                                                                                                                 Describe symbols, songs
                                                                          2. The civic identity of               and traditions that identify
                                                                          the United States is                   our nation and state.
    1. Citizenship and



                                                  of Democracy




                                                                          shaped by historical                   For example: American
       Government




                                                                          figures, places and                    Flag, bald eagle, White
K                                                                         events, and by key         0.1.2.2.1   House, Statue of Liberty,
                                                                          foundational                           Pledge of Allegiance,
                                                                          documents and other                    Minnesota state flag.
                                                                          symbolically important
                                                                          artifacts.
                                                                                                                Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                         Standard                                 Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
                                                                                          Code
     d   stran                                                     Understand that…                           (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                          Identify examples of rules in
                                                                 8. The primary

                         Institutions and Political
                                                                                                      the school community and
                                                                 purposes of rules and
    1. Citizenship and

                             4. Governmental
                                                                                                      explain why they exist;
                                                                 laws within the United
       Government



                                 Processes
                                                                                                      describe incentives for
                                                                 States constitutional
                                                                                                      following rules and
K                                                                government are to        0.1.4.8.1
                                                                                                      consequences for breaking
                                                                 protect individual
                                                                                                      rules.
                                                                 rights, promote the
                                                                 general welfare and
                                                                 provide order.

                                                                 1. People make                       Distinguish between
                                                                 informed economic                    individual needs (conditions
                                  1. Economic Reasoning Skills




                                                                 choices by identifying               necessary to survive) and
                                                                 their goals,                         individual wants (conditions
                                                                                                      desired to be happy).
         2. Economics




                                                                 interpreting and
                                                                 applying data,                       For example: Needs—to be
K                                                                considering the short-   0.2.1.1.1   fed, to be free from thirst, to
                                                                 and long-run costs                   be sheltered. Wants—to be
                                                                 and benefits of                      entertained, to be educated,
                                                                 alternative choices                  to be famous, to be strong,
                                                                 and revising their                   to be helpful to others.
                                                                 goals based on their
                                                                 analysis.
                                                                                                      Identify goods and services
                                                                 1. People make                       that could satisfy a specific
                                                                 informed economic
                                  1. Economic Reasoning Skill




                                                                                                      need or want.
                                                                 choices by identifying
                                                                                                      For example: The need to
                                                                 their goals,
                                                                                                      be free from thirst could be
         2. Economics




                                                                 interpreting and
                                                                                                      satisfied by water, milk or
                                                                 applying data,
                                                                                                      orange juice. The desire
K                                                                considering the short-   0.2.1.1.2
                                                                                                      (want) to be entertained
                                                                 and long-run costs
                                                                                                      could be satisfied by a toy,
                                                                 and benefits of
                                                                                                      an amusement park ride or
                                                                 alternative choices
                                                                                                      watching a movie.
                                                                 and revising their
                                                                 goals based on their
                                                                 analysis.

                                                                                                      Distinguish between goods
                                                                 5. Individuals,
                                                                                                      (objects that can be seen or
                                                                 businesses and
                                                                                                      touched) and services
                                                                 governments interact
                                  ental Concepts




                                                                                                      (actions or activities).
                                                                 and exchange goods,
                                                                 services and
         conomics




                                                                 resources in different
                                                                 ways and for different
K                                                                                         0.2.3.5.1
                                                                 reasons; interactions
               5. Individuals,
               businesses and                                                                 Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub- governments interact
                      Standard                                                              Benchmark                 Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student




                    3. Fundamental Concepts
                                                                       Code
     d            Understand goods,
         stran and exchange that…                                                          (Curriculum)               sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d   services and
     2. Economics                                                                  For example:
               resources in different                                              Goods—apple, shirt, toy.
               ways and for different                                              Services—haircut, bus ride,
K                                                                      0.2.3.5.1
               reasons; interactions                                               bicycle repair.
               between buyers and
               sellers in a market
               determines the price
               and quantity
               exchanged of a good,
               service or resource.
                                                                                   Describe spatial information
                                                                                   depicted in simple drawings
                                              1. People use                        and pictures.
                    1. Geospatial Skills




                                              geographic
                                                                                   For example: While looking
     3. Geography




                                              representations and
                                              geospatial                           at a picture, the student
K                                             technologies to          0.3.1.1.1   says, "The boy is in front of
                                              acquire, process and                 the house. The house is at
                                              report information                   the edge of the woods."
                                              within a spatial                     Other words describing
                                              context.                             spatial information in a
                                                                                   picture include up, down,
                                                                                   left, right, near, far, back, in
                                                                                   front of.
                                                                                   Describe a map and a globe
                                              1. People use                        as a representation of a
                    1. Geospatial Skills




                                              geographic                           space.
     3. Geography




                                              representations and
                                              geospatial
K                                             technologies to          0.3.1.1.2
                                              acquire, process and
                                              report information
                                              within a spatial
                                              context.

                                                                                   Identify the physical and
                                                                                   human characteristics of
                                                                                   places, including real and
                                                                                   imagined places.




                                              3. Places have
                    nd Regions




                                              physical
                                              characteristics (such
     graphy




                                              as climate, topography
                                              and vegetation) and
                                                                                         Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                   Standard                                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
                                                                    Code
     d   stran                               Understand that…                          (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                    For example: Physical
                                                                                characteristics—landforms
                                                                                (Rocky Mountains, Mount
                                                                                Everest), ecosystems
                                           3. Places have
                                                                                (forest), bodies of water
                   2. Places and Regions

                                           physical
                                                                                (Hudson Bay, Indian Ocean,
                                           characteristics (such
    3. Geography




                                                                                Amazon River), soil,
                                           as climate, topography
                                                                                vegetation, weather and
                                           and vegetation) and
K                                                                   0.3.2.3.1   climate. Human
                                           human characteristics
                                                                                characteristics—structures
                                           (such as culture,
                                                                                (Great Wall of China, Eiffel
                                           population, political
                                                                                Tower), bridges (Golden
                                           and economic
                                                                                Gate Bridge), canals (Erie
                                           systems).
                                                                                Canal), cities, political
                                                                                boundaries, population
                                                                                distribution, settlement
                                                                                patterns, language,
                                                                                ethnicity, nationality,
                                                                                religious beliefs.
                                                                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                                  Standard                                   Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
                                                                                                                     Code
     d   stran                                                                              Understand that…                             (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                                                     Use a variety of words to
                                                                                                                                 reference time in the past,
                 1. Historical Thinking Skills
                                                                                                                                 present and future; identify
                                                                                          1. Historians generally
                                                                                                                                 the beginning, middle and
                                                                                          construct
                                                                                                                                 end of historical stories.
    4. History




                                                                                          chronological
K                                                                                         narratives to              0.4.1.1.1   For example: Words
                                                                                          characterize eras and                  referencing
                                                                                          explain past events                    time—yesterday, today,
                                                                                          and change over time.                  tomorrow, now, long ago,
                                                                                                                                 before, after, morning,
                                                                                                                                 afternoon, night, days,
                                                                                                                                 weeks, months, years.
                                                                                                                                 Describe ways people learn
                 2.Peoples, Cultures and Change Over Time 1. Historical Thinking Skills




                                                                                          2. Historical inquiry is               about the past.
                                                                                          a process in which
                                                                                          multiple sources and                   For example: Learning
    4. History




                                                                                          different kinds of                     from elders, photos,
K                                                                                         historical evidence are    0.4.1.2.1   artifacts, buildings, diaries,
                                                                                          analyzed to draw                       stories, videos.
                                                                                          conclusions about
                                                                                          how and why things
                                                                                          happened in the past.

                                                                                                                                 Compare and contrast
                                                                                                                                 traditions in a family with
                                                                                                                                 those of other families,
                                                                                                                                 including those from diverse
                                                                                          4. The differences and
                                                                                                                                 backgrounds.
                                                                                          similarities of cultures
                                                                                          around the world are                   For example : How families
    4. History




                                                                                          attributable to their                  celebrate or commemorate
K                                                                                         diverse origins and        0.4.2.4.1   personal milestones such as
                                                                                          histories, and                         birthdays, family or
                                                                                          interactions with other                community religious
                                                                                          cultures throughout                    observances, the new year,
                                                                                          time.                                  national holidays such as
                                                                                                                                 the Fourth of July or
                                                                                                                                 Thanksgiving.
                                                                                                                     Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
                                                               Grade One: Foundations of Social Studies
Students in grade one learn basic concepts and skills related to the four social studies disciplines of citizenship and government, economics,
geography and history. They expand their understanding of America’s civic identity, determine characteristics of effective rules and demonstrate ways
for citizens to participate in civic life. Their exploration of the federal government begins with the elected office of president. Fundamental geography
skills are introduced including making sketch maps of places and comparing their physical and human characteristics, and identifying locations.
Students practice basic historical inquiry skills by asking questions, constructing a timeline, and examining simple records and artifacts. They build
their knowledge of the past by comparing family life, buildings and other technologies from earlier times to today. Students acquire a basic
understanding of the economic concepts of scarcity and trade, and weigh the costs and benefits of simple alternative choices.

     Stran Sub-                                                          Standard                                   Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                                             Code
       d   stran                                                      Understand that…                             (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
             d                                                                                             Demonstrate ways good
                                                                    1. Democratic
                                                                                                           citizens participate in the
          1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                    government depends
                                                                                                           civic life of their community;
                                                                    on informed and
                                                                                                           explain why participation is
                                                                    engaged citizens who
                                                                                                           important.
                                                                    exhibit civic skills and
                                                1.Civic Skills




                                                                    values, practice civic                 For example: Ways to
1                                                                   discourse, vote and        1.1.1.1.1   participate—pick up trash in
                                                                    participate in                         park, vote, help make class
                                                                    elections, apply                       decisions.
                                                                    inquiry and analysis
                                                                    skills and take action
                                                                    to solve problems and
                                                                    shape public policy.
                                                                                                           Explain why and when the
                                          Principles of Democracy




                                                                    2. The civic identity of
                                                                                                           Pledge of Allegiance is
                                             2. Civic Values and




                                                                    the United States is
     1. Citizenship and




                                                                                                           recited; provide examples of
                                                                    shaped by historical
        Government




                                                                                                           basic flag etiquette.
                                                                    figures, places and
1                                                                   events and by key          1.1.2.2.1
                                                                    foundational
                                                                    documents and other
                                                                    symbolically important
                                                                    artifacts.
                                                                                                                                                                    Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub-                                                                                                           Standard                                   Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                                                                                            Code
     d   stran                                                                                                       Understand that…                             (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d

                                         4. Governmental Institutions 4. Governmental Institutions and Political
                                                                                                                                                          Identify the president of the
                                                                                                                   7. The United States
                                                                                                                                                          United States; explain that
                                                                                                                   government has
         1. Citizenship and Government

                                                                                                                                                          the president is elected by
                                                                                                                   specific functions that
                                                                                                                                                          the people.
                                                                                                                   are determined by the
                                                                                                                   way that power is
                                                                                   Processes

                                                                                                                   delegated and
                                                                                                                   controlled among
1                                                                                                                                             1.1.4.7.1
                                                                                                                   various bodies: the
                                                                                                                   three levels (federal,
                                                                                                                   state, local) and the
                                                                                                                   three branches
                                                                                                                   (legislative, executive,
                                                                                                                   judicial) of
                                                                                                                   government.
                                                                                                                                                          Identify characteristics of
                                                                                                                   8. The primary
                                            and Political Processes




                                                                                                                                                          effective rules; participate in
                                                                                                                   purposes of rules and
    1. Citizenship and




                                                                                                                                                          a process to establish rules.
                                                                                                                   laws within the United
       Government




                                                                                                                   States constitutional                  For example:
1                                                                                                                  government are to          1.1.4.8.1   Characteristics of effective
                                                                                                                   protect individual                     rules—fair, understandable,
                                                                                                                   rights, promote the                    enforceable, connected to
                                                                                                                   general welfare and                    goals.
                                                                                                                   provide order.

                                                                                                                   1. People make                         Describe some costs and
                                                             1. Economic Reasoning Skills




                                                                                                                   informed economic                      benefits of alternative
                                                                                                                   choices by identifying                 choices made by families.
                                                                                                                   their goals,
         2. Economics




                                                                                                                   interpreting and
1                                                                                                                  applying data,             1.2.1.1.1
                                                                                                                   considering the short-
                                                                                                                   and long-run costs
                                                                                                                   and benefits of
                                                                                                                   alternative choices
                                                                                                                   and revising their
                                                                                                                   goals based on their
                                                                                                                                                          Define scarcity as not
                                                             undamental Concepts




                                                                                                                                                          having enough of something
                                                                                                                   3. Because of scarcity                 to satisfy everyone's wants;
                                                                                                                   individuals,                           give examples.
         2. Economics




                                                                                                                   organizations and
                                                                                                                   governments must
1                                                                                                                                             1.2.3.3.1
                                                                                                                   evaluate trade-offs,
                                                                                                                   make choices and
                                                                                                                   incur opportunity
                    3. Fundamental Concepts
               3. Because of scarcity                                                        Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- individuals,
                      Standard                                                             Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student

     2. Economics
Gr                                                                     Code
     d   stran organizations and
                  Understand that…                                                        (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d   governments must                                                    For example: Having only
1                                                                      1.2.3.3.1
               evaluate trade-offs,                                                three desks for four
               make choices and                                                    students; not having enough
               incur opportunity                                                   time to do everything you
               costs.                                                              want; not having enough
                                                                                   money to buy all the goods
                                                                                   you want.
                                                                                   Explain that people trade
                                              5. Individuals,                      (voluntarily) when they each
                                              businesses and                       expect to be better off after
                                              governments interact
                    3. Fundamental Concepts




                                                                                   doing so.
                                              and exchange goods,
                                              services and                         For example: Barter—a
     2. Economics




                                              resources in different               trade with a friend (such as
                                              ways and for different               your toy for her book) will
1                                                                      1.2.3.5.1
                                              reasons; interactions                happen only if you want her
                                              between buyers and                   book more than your toy and
                                              sellers in a market                  she wants your toy more
                                              determines the price                 than her book.
                                              and quantity
                                              exchanged of a good,
                                              service or resource.

                                                                                   Create sketch maps to
                                              1. People use                        illustrate spatial information
                    1. Geospatial Skills




                                              geographic                           about familiar places;
     3. Geography




                                              representations and                  describe spatial information
                                              geospatial                           found on maps.
1                                             technologies to          1.3.1.1.1   For example: Spatial
                                              acquire, process and                 information—cities,
                                              report information                   roads, boundaries, bodies of
                                              within a spatial                     water, regions. Familiar
                                              context.                             places—one’s home or
                                                                                   classroom.
                                                                                   Use relative location words
                                                                                   and absolute location words
                                                                                   to identify the location of a
                                              1. People use                        specific place; explain why
                    1. Geospatial Skills




                                              geographic                           or when it is important to
     3. Geography




                                              representations and                  use absolute versus relative
                                              geospatial                           location.
1                                             technologies to          1.3.1.1.2
                                              acquire, process and
                                              report information
                                              within a spatial
                                              context.
               1. People use




                          1. Geospatial Skills
               geographic
                                                                                                  Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment


     3. Geography
               representations and
   Stran Sub- geospatial
                      Standard                                                                   Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                          Code
1    d   stran technologies to
                  Understand that…                                          1.3.1.1.2           (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d   acquire, process and                                                     For example: Relative
               report information                                                       location words—near, far,
               within a spatial                                                         left, right. Absolute location
               context.                                                                 words—street address
                                                                                        (important for emergencies,
                                                                                        mail).

                                                                                        Compare physical and
                                                                                        human characteristics of a
                                                                                        local place and a place far
                                                                                        away on a globe or map
                                                                                        (such as a place in an
                                                                                        equatorial or polar region).

                                                                                        For example: Physical
                                                                                        characteristics—landforms
                                                  3. Places have                        (Rocky Mountains, Mount
                          2. Places and Regions




                                                  physical                              Everest), ecosystems
                                                  characteristics (such                 (forest), bodies of water
     3. Geography




                                                  as climate, topography                (Hudson Bay, Indian Ocean,
                                                  and vegetation) and                   Amazon River), vegetation,
1                                                                           1.3.2.3.1
                                                  human characteristics                 weather, climate. Human
                                                  (such as culture,                     characteristics— structures
                                                  population, political                 (Great Wall of China, Eiffel
                                                  and economic                          Tower), bridges (Golden
                                                  systems).                             Gate Bridge), canals (Erie
                                                                                        Canal), cities, political
                                                                                        boundaries, population
                                                                                        distribution, settlement
                                                                                        patterns, language,
                                                                                        ethnicity, nationality,
                                                                                        religious beliefs.



                                                                                        Create a timeline that
                    1. Historical Thinking




                                                  1. Historians generally               identifies at least three
                                                  construct                             events from one's own life.
     4. History




                                                  chronological
                            Skills




1                                                 narratives to             1.4.1.1.1
                                                  characterize eras and                 For example:
                                                  explain past events                   Events—birth, walking, loss
                                                  and change over time.                 of first tooth, first day of
                                                                                        school.
                                                                                                  Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub-                                         Standard                                   Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                          Code
     d   stran                                     Understand that…                             (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                            Ask basic historical
                                                                                        questions about a past
                 1. Historical Thinking Skills
                                                 2. Historical inquiry is               event in one's family, school
                                                 a process in which                     or local community.
                                                 multiple sources and
    4. History




                                                 different kinds of                     For example: Basic
1                                                historical evidence are    1.4.1.2.1
                                                                                        historical questions—What
                                                 analyzed to draw                       happened? When did it
                                                 conclusions about                      happen? Who was
                                                 how and why things                     involved? How and why did
                                                 happened in the past.                  it happen? How do we know
                                                                                        what happened? What
                                                                                        effect did it have?
                                                                                        Describe how people lived
                 1. Historical Thinking Skills




                                                 2. Historical inquiry is               at a particular time in the
                                                 a process in which                     past, based on information
                                                 multiple sources and                   found in historical records
    4. History




                                                 different kinds of                     and artifacts.
1                                                historical evidence are    1.4.1.2.2
                                                                                        For example: Historical
                                                 analyzed to draw                       records—photos, oral
                                                 conclusions about                      histories, diaries/journals,
                                                 how and why things                     textbooks, library books.
                                                 happened in the past.                  Artifacts—art, pottery,
                                                                                        baskets, jewelry, tools.
                                                                                                         Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub-         Standard                              Benchmark            Expo-                                               Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                       Code
     d   stran    Understand that…                         (Curriculum)          sure                                                                         Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                      Compare and contrast

                  2. Peoples, Cultures and
               4. The differences and
                                                  family life from earlier times

                     Change Over Time
               similarities of cultures
               around the world are               and today.
     4. History



               attributable to their              For example: Various
1              diverse origins and      1.4.2.4.1 aspects of family
               histories, and                     life—housing, clothing, food,
               interactions with other            language, work, recreation,
               cultures throughout                education.
               time.
                                                                                                Compare and contrast
                  2. Peoples, Cultures and Change Over




                                                                                                buildings and other
                                                                                                technologies from earlier
                                                         4. The differences and                 times and today.
                                                         similarities of cultures               For example: Places in
                                                         around the world are                   earlier times—Pompeii,
     4. History




                                                         attributable to their                  Athens, Rome. Building
                                   Time




1                                                        diverse origins and        1.4.2.4.2   technologies—arches,
                                                         histories, and                         domes, glass.
                                                         interactions with other                Communication
                                                         cultures throughout                    technologies—scrolls,
                                                         time.                                  books, emails;
                                                                                                Transportation
                                                                                                technologies—chariot, train,
                                                                                                car.
                                                                                                                          Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
                                                              Grade 2: Foundations of Social Studies
Students in grade two continue to build their foundational understanding in the social studies disciplines of citizenship and government, economics,
geography and history. They learn the purpose and services provided by government, the principle of shared and separated powers, the importance of
constitutions and the need for fair voting processes. They study indigenous people and the influence of a variety of cultures on our society, gaining an
understanding of the United States’ common heritage and diverse roots. They use calendars and timelines to track the passage of time and chronicle
events. By describing the trade-offs of a decision, students learn the concept of opportunity cost and its connection to scarcity of resources. They
begin to understand how resources and physical features influence the distribution of people around the world, and use maps and other geographic
tools to explain the characteristics of places.
Gr Stran Sub-               Standard          Code               Benchmark             Expo-      Resources / Tools Used         Impact on Student
       d     stran     Understand that…                         (Curriculum)            sure                                Achievement (Assessment)
               d                                       Demonstrate voting skills,
                    1. Democratic
                                                       identify rules that keep a
         1. Citizenship and Government




                    government depends
                                                       voting process fair, and
                    on informed and
                                                       explain why voting is
                    engaged citizens who
                                                       important.
                    exhibit civic skills and
                                               1.Civic Skills




                    values, practice civic
 2                  discourse, vote and      2.1.1.1.1
                    participate in
                    elections, apply
                    inquiry and analysis
                    skills and take action
                    to solve problems and
                    shape public policy.
                                                                                                                Explain the importance of
                                         Principles of Democracy




                                                                         2. The civic identity of               constitutions.
                                            2. Civic Values and




                                                                         the United States is
    1. Citizenship and




                                                                         shaped by historical                   For example: Examples of
       Government




                                                                         figures, places and                    constitutions— a classroom
2                                                                        events and by key          2.1.2.2.1   constitution, club charter,
                                                                         foundational                           the United States
                                                                         documents and other                    Constitution.
                                                                         symbolically important
                                                                         artifacts.

                                                                                                                Compare and contrast
                                                                                                                student rules, rights and
                                                                                                                responsibilities at school
                                                                                                                with their rules, rights and
                                                                                                                responsibilities at home;
                                                                                                                explain the importance of
                                               Principles of Democracy




                                                                                                                obeying rules.
         and Government




                                                                         8. The primary
                                                                         purposes of rules and
                                                                         laws within the United
                                                                         States constitutional
2                                                                        government are to          2.1.2.8.1
                                                                                                                                 Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment




                                    2. Civic Values and Principles of Democracy
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                          Standard             Code               Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                      Understand that…                          (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d
    1. Citizenship and Government                                                                                      For example: Rules at
                                                                                  8. The primary                       school—follow the leader,
                                                                                  purposes of rules and                put jackets in one's cubby.
                                                                                  laws within the United               Rights at school—be treated
                                                                                  States constitutional                with respect by teacher and
2                                                                                 government are to        2.1.2.8.1   other students, speak when
                                                                                  protect individual                   called on, participate in
                                                                                  rights, promote the                  activities. Responsibilities
                                                                                  general welfare and                  at school—follow school
                                                                                  provide order.                       rules, listen to teachers and
                                                                                                                       adults, treat other students
                                                                                                                       with respect. Rights at
                                                                                                                       home—be safe, fed,
                                                                                                                       clothed, warm.
                                                                                                                       Responsibilities at
                                                                                                                       home—listen to parents or
                                                                                                                       guardians, treat family
                                                                                                                       members with respect, help
                                                                                                                       when asked.
                                                                                  1. People make                       Given a goal and several
                                    Economic Reasoning Skills




                                                                                  informed economic                    alternative choices to reach
                                                                                  choices by identifying               that goal, select the best
                                                                                  their goals,                         choice and explain why.
    2. Economics




                                                                                  interpreting and
                                                                                  applying data,
2                                                                                 considering the short-   2.2.1.1.1
                                                                                  and long-run costs
                                                                                  and benefits of
                                                                                  alternative choices
                                                                                  and revising their
                                                                                  goals based on their
                                    1.




                                                                                  analysis.
                                                                                                                       Describe the trade-offs of a
                                                                                                                       decision; describe the
                                                                                                                       opportunity cost of a choice
                                    3. Fundamental Concepts




                                                                                  3. Because of scarcity               as the next best alternative
                                                                                  individuals,                         which was not chosen.
    2. Economics




                                                                                  organizations and
                                                                                  governments must
2                                                                                                          2.2.3.3.1
                                                                                  evaluate trade-offs,
                                                                                  make choices and
                                                                                  incur opportunity
                                                                                  costs.
                                                                   Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment




                    3. Fundamental Concepts
Gr Stran Sub- 3. Because of scarcity
                      Standard                 Code               Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran individuals, that…
                 Understand                                      (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
     2. Economics
           d   organizations and
                                                          For example: Joe can visit
               governments must
2                                             2.2.3.3.1   his grandparents, go to a
               evaluate trade-offs,
                                                          park, or see a movie. He
               make choices and
                                                          only has enough time do
               incur opportunity
                                                          one activity, so he must
               costs.
                                                          choose. His opportunity
                                                          cost will be whichever
                                                          activity he would have
                                                          selected second.
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                     Standard            Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                 Understand that…                          (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                      Classify materials that come
                                             5. Individuals,                      from nature as natural
                                             businesses and                       resources (or raw materials);
                                             governments interact                 tools, equipment and
                   3. Fundamental Concepts
                                             and exchange goods,                  factories as capital
                                             services and                         resources; and workers as
    2. Economics




                                             resources in different               human resources.
                                             ways and for different
2                                                                     2.2.3.5.1   For example: Natural
                                             reasons; interactions
                                             between buyers and                   resources—trees, iron ore,
                                             sellers in a market                  coal, pigs. Capital
                                             determines the price                 resources—hammer,
                                             and quantity                         computer, assembly line,
                                             exchanged of a good,                 power plant. Human
                                             service or resource.                 resources—teacher,
                                                                                  carpenter, mechanic, nurse.
                                                                                  Identify money as any
                                             5. Individuals,
                                                                                  generally accepted item
                                             businesses and
                                                                                  used in making exchanges.
                                             governments interact
                   3. Fundamental Concepts




                                             and exchange goods,                  For example: United States
                                             services and                         currency and coins today;
    2. Economics




                                             resources in different               beaver pelts and other furs
                                             ways and for different               used in Minnesota territory
2                                                                     2.2.3.5.2
                                             reasons; interactions                in the early 1800s; salt used
                                             between buyers and                   in the Roman Empire; cowry
                                             sellers in a market                  shells used in ancient
                                             determines the price                 China, metal coins used in
                                             and quantity                         Anatolia (Turkey) in 500
                                             exchanged of a good,                 BCE.
                                             service or resource.
                                                                                                    Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                               Standard          Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                           Understand that…                        (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                              Create sketch maps to

                   1. Geospatial Skills—The
                                                       1. People use


                    World in Spatial Terms
                                                                                          illustrate detailed spatial
                                                       geographic
                                                                                          information about settings
    3. Geography


                                                       representations and
                                                                                          from stories; describe the
                                                       geospatial
                                                                                          spatial information found on
2                                                      technologies to        2.3.1.1.1
                                                                                          the maps.
                                                       acquire, process and
                                                       report information                 For example: Spatial
                                                       within a spatial                   information—cities,
                                                       context.                           roads, boundaries, bodies of
                                                                                          water, regions.
                                                                                          Locate key features on a
                                                                                          map or globe; use cardinal
                   1. Geospatial Skills—The World in




                                                                                          directions to describe the
                                                       1. People use                      relationship between two or
                                                       geographic                         more features.
                            Spatial Terms
    3. Geography




                                                       representations and
                                                       geospatial                         For example: Key
2                                                      technologies to        2.3.1.1.2   features—city, state,
                                                       acquire, process and               country, continents, the
                                                       report information                 equator, poles, prime
                                                       within a spatial                   meridian, hemisphere,
                                                       context.                           oceans, major rivers, major
                                                                                          mountain ranges, other
                                                                                          types of landforms in the
                                                                                          world.
                                                                                          Use maps, photos or other
                                                                                          geographic tools to identify
                   1. Geospatial Skills—The World in




                                                                                          and locate major landmarks
                                                       1. People use                      or major physical features of
                                                       geographic                         the United States
                            Spatial Terms
    3. Geography




                                                       representations and                For example: Physical
                                                       geospatial                         features—the Atlantic
2                                                      technologies to        2.3.1.1.3   Coast, Rocky Mountains,
                                                       acquire, process and               Mississippi River, Lake
                                                       report information                 Superior.
                                                       within a spatial                   Landmarks—Statue of
                                                       context.                           Liberty, Angel Island,
                                                                                          Gateway Arch in St. Louis,
                                                                                          Mount Rushmore, Crazy
                                                                                          Horse Memorial.
                                                                                                                          Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                   Standard             Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                               Understand that…                           (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                                     Use maps, photos, or other
                                                                                                                 geographic tools to answer
                         1. Geospatial Skills—The World in Spatial Terms
                                                                                                                 basic questions about where
                                                                                                                 people are located.
                                                                                                                 For example : Basic
                                                                           1. People use                         questions—Where are we?
                                                                           geographic                            What is this location like?
                                                                                                                 What are the characteristics
    3. Geography




                                                                           representations and
                                                                           geospatial                            of this location? How has
2                                                                          technologies to           2.3.1.1.4   this place been affected by
                                                                           acquire, process and                  the movement of people,
                                                                           report information                    goods and ideas? How do
                                                                           within a spatial                      people modify the
                                                                           context.                              environment to fit their
                                                                                                                 needs? How do people
                                                                                                                 organize locations into
                                                                                                                 regions? How is this place
                                                                                                                 similar to or different from
                                                                                                                 other places?

                                                                                                                 Identify causes and
                                                                           9. The environment
    3. Geography




                                                                                                                 consequences of human
                   Environment
                    Interaction




                                                                           influences human
                     4. Human




                                                                                                                 impact on the environment
                                                                           actions; and humans
2                                                                                                    2.3.4.9.1   and ways that the
                                                                           both adapt to, and
                                                                                                                 environment influences
                                                                           change, the
                                                                                                                 people.
                                                                           environment.
                                                                                                                 Use and create calendars to
                     1. Historical Thinking




                                                                           1. Historians generally               identify days, weeks,
                                                                           construct                             months, years and seasons;
    4. History




                                                                           chronological                         use and create timelines to
                             Skills




2                                                                          narratives to             2.4.1.1.1   chronicle personal, school,
                                                                           characterize eras and                 community or world events.
                                                                           explain past events
                                                                           and change over time.
                                                                                                         Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                               Standard              Code                 Benchmark                  Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                           Understand that…                             (Curriculum)                sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                  Use historical records and


                       1. Historical Thinking Skills
                                                       2. Historical inquiry is               artifacts to describe how
                                                       a process in which                     people's lives have changed
                                                       multiple sources and                   over time.
    4. History



                                                       different kinds of
2                                                      historical evidence are    2.4.1.2.1   For example: Historical
                                                       analyzed to draw                       records—photos, oral
                                                       conclusions about                      histories, diaries/journals,
                                                       how and why things                     textbooks, library books.
                                                       happened in the past.                  Artifacts—art, pottery,
                                                                                              baskets, jewelry, tools.
                                                                                              Compare and contrast daily
                 2. Peoples, Cultures and




                                                       4. The differences and
                                                                                              life for Minnesota Dakota or
                    Change Over Time




                                                       similarities of cultures
                                                                                              Anishinaabe peoples in
                                                       around the world are
                                                                                              different times, including
    4. History




                                                       attributable to their
                                                                                              before European contact
2                                                      diverse origins and        2.4.2.4.1
                                                                                              and today.
                                                       histories, and
                                                       interactions with other
                                                       cultures throughout
                                                       time.
                                                                                              Describe how the culture of
                 2. Peoples, Cultures and




                                                       4. The differences and
                                                                                              a community reflects the
                    Change Over Time




                                                       similarities of cultures
                                                                                              history, daily life or beliefs of
                                                       around the world are
                                                                                              its people.
    4. History




                                                       attributable to their
2                                                      diverse origins and        2.4.2.4.2   For example : Elements of
                                                       histories, and                         culture—foods, folk stories,
                                                       interactions with other                legends, art, music, dance,
                                                       cultures throughout                    holidays, ceremonies,
                                                       time.                                  celebrations, homes,
                                                                                              clothing.
                                                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
                                                          Grade 3: Foundations of Social Studies
In grade three, students expand and deepen their knowledge in the four social studies disciplines of citizenship and government, economics,
geography and history. By applying basic concepts in each discipline to complex communities and environments near and far, students begin to
understand the social, economic, geographic and political aspects of life in the world beyond our state and nation. They create and interpret simple
maps, using them to understand the physical and human characteristics of places around the world, from one’s neighborhood to vast regions of the
earth. As students examine the world of long ago through historical records, maps and artifacts, they discover how geographic factors, technology,
and individual and group actions have shaped history. Students practice weighing the costs and benefits in making decisions, and examine the
economic forces that influence interactions among individuals in a community. They further explore the civic relationship between an individual and
the community in the United States in which he or she lives, the three branches of government, and the functions and funding of government.
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                  Standard              Code                 Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                              Understand that…                             (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                                     Identify ways people make a
                                                                          1. Democratic                          difference in the civic life of
      1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                          government depends                     their communities, state,
                                                                          on informed and                        nation or world by working
                                                                          engaged citizens who                   as individuals or groups to
                                                                                                                 address a specific problem
                                               1. Civic Skills




                                                                          exhibit civic skills and
                                                                          values, practice civic                 or need.
3                                                                         discourse, vote and        3.1.1.1.1
                                                                                                                 For example: Ways to make
                                                                          participate in                         a difference— pick up trash
                                                                          elections, apply                       in park, vote, help make
                                                                          inquiry and analysis                   class decisions, write a
                                                                          skills and take action                 letter, make phone calls,
                                                                          to solve problems and                  create an advertisement or
                                                                          shape public policy.                   web page, attend a meeting.

                                                                                                                 Explain the importance of
                                                                           3. The United States
                                      2. Civic Values and Principles of




                                                                                                                 civic discourse (including
      1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                          is based on
                                                                                                                 speaking, listening, voting
                                                                          democratic values and
                                                                                                                 and respecting diverse
                                                                          principles that include
                                                                                                                 viewpoints) and the
                                                                          liberty, individual
                                                 Democracy




                                                                                                                 principles of majority rule
                                                                          rights, justice,
                                                                                                                 and minority rights.
3                                                                         equality, the rule of      3.1.2.3.1
                                                                          law, limited
                                                                                                                 For example: Majority rule
                                                                          government, common
                                                                                                                 and minority rights can be
                                                                          good, popular
                                                                                                                 demonstrated through a
                                                                          sovereignty, majority
                                                                                                                 class vote on a class snack
                                                                          rule and minority
                                                                                                                 when two students have
                                                                          rights.
                                                                                                                 peanut allergies.
                                                                                                                                  Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                         Standard              Code                 Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                     Understand that…                             (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d

                                    4. Governmental Institutions and Political
                                                                                                                        Describe the importance of
                                                                                 7. The United States
                                                                                                                        the services provided by
                                                                                 government has
    1. Citizenship and Government

                                                                                                                        government; explain that
                                                                                 specific functions that
                                                                                                                        they are funded through
                                                                                 are determined by the
                                                                                                                        taxes and fees.
                                                                                 way that power is
                                                                                                                        For example: Services—
                                                 Processes

                                                                                 delegated and
                                                                                 controlled among                       schools, parks, garbage and
3                                                                                                           3.1.4.7.1   recycling (pick-up), street
                                                                                 various bodies: the
                                                                                 three levels (federal,                 lighting, police protection,
                                                                                 state, local) and the                  roads (plowing,
                                                                                 three branches                         maintenance), interstate
                                                                                 (legislative, executive,               waterway navigation, postal
                                                                                 judicial) of                           service.
                                                                                 government.
                                                                                                                        Identify the three branches
                                    4. Governmental Institutions and Political




                                                                                 7. The United States                   of government (executive,
                                                                                 government has                         legislative, and judicial) and
    1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                                 specific functions that                their primary functions.
                                                                                 are determined by the
                                                                                                                        For example: Primary
                                                                                 way that power is
                                                                                                                        functions—legislative
                                                 Processes




                                                                                 delegated and
                                                                                                                        branch makes laws,
                                                                                 controlled among
3                                                                                                           3.1.4.7.2   executive branch carries out
                                                                                 various bodies: the
                                                                                                                        laws, judicial branch decides
                                                                                 three levels (federal,
                                                                                                                        if laws are broken.
                                                                                 state, local) and the
                                                                                 three branches
                                                                                 (legislative, executive,
                                                                                 judicial) of
                                                                                 government.
                                                                                                 Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                          Standard            Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                      Understand that…                          (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                           Identify possible short- and
                                                  1. People make
                                                                                       long-term consequences
                   1. Economic Reasoning Skills
                                                  informed economic
                                                  choices by identifying               (costs and benefits) of
                                                  their goals,                         different choices.
    2. Economics




                                                  interpreting and                     For example: Choices might
                                                  applying data,                       relate to personal spending
3                                                 considering the short-   3.2.1.1.1   or government spending.
                                                  and long-run costs
                                                  and benefits of
                                                  alternative choices
                                                  and revising their
                                                  goals based on their
                                                  analysis.
                                                                                       Describe income as the
                                                                                       money earned from selling
                                                                                       resources and expenditures
                                                  2. Personal and                      as the money used to buy
                                                  financial goals can be               goods and services.
                   2. Personal Finance




                                                  achieved by applying
    2. Economics




                                                  economic concepts                    For example : Income—a
                                                  and principles to                    student being paid a $4
3                                                 personal financial       3.2.2.2.1   allowance for doing chores,
                                                  planning, budgeting,                 a student’s parent being
                                                  spending, saving,                    paid money for working at
                                                  investing, borrowing                 his or her job.
                                                  and insuring                         Expenditures—a student
                                                  decisions.                           spending $3 for a sandwich,
                                                                                       a student’s parent spending
                                                                                       $20 for gasoline.
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                     Standard            Code                Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                 Understand that…                          (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                      Explain that producing any
                                                                                  good or service requires
                                                                                  resources; describe the
                                                                                  resources needed to
                                                                                  produce a specific good or
                                                                                  service; explain why it is not
                                                                                  possible to produce an
                                                                                  unlimited amount of a good
                                                                                  or service.
                                                                                  For example : Contemporary
                                                                                  examples—Producing bread
                                             5. Individuals,
                                                                                  requires wheat (natural
                                             businesses and
                                                                                  resource), an oven (capital
                                             governments interact
                   3. Fundamental Concepts




                                                                                  resource), a baker (human
                                             and exchange goods,
                                                                                  resource); producing a
                                             services and
    2. Economics




                                                                                  haircut requires water
                                             resources in different
                                                                                  (natural resource), scissors
                                             ways and for different
3                                                                     3.2.3.5.1   or clippers (capital
                                             reasons; interactions
                                                                                  resource), a barber (human
                                             between buyers and
                                                                                  resource). Historical
                                             sellers in a market
                                                                                  examples—Building a
                                             determines the price
                                                                                  pyramid requires bricks
                                             and quantity
                                                                                  made from mud and straw
                                             exchanged of a good,
                                                                                  (natural resources), carts
                                             service or resource.
                                                                                  (capital resources), and
                                                                                  workers (human resources);
                                                                                  making a dugout canoe
                                                                                  requires trees (natural
                                                                                  resource), an axe (capital
                                                                                  resource), and skilled
                                                                                  workers (human resource).




                                                                                  Explain that consumers
                                                                                  have two roles—as sellers
                                                                                  of resources and buyers of
                                             5. Individuals,                      goods and services; explain
                                             businesses and                       that producers have two
                                             governments interact                 roles—as sellers of goods
                   amental Concepts




                                             and exchange goods,                  and services and buyers of
                                             services and                         resources.
    Economics




                                             resources in different
                                             ways and for different
3                                                                     3.2.3.5.2
                                             reasons; interactions
                                             between buyers and
               5. Individuals,
               businesses and
               governments interact
                                                                   Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment




                    3. Fundamental Concepts
                      Standard
Gr Stran Sub- and exchange goods,             Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d            Understand
         stran services and that…                                (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
     2. Economics
           d   resources in different                     For example:
               ways and for different                     Consumers—parents work
3                                             3.2.3.5.2
               reasons; interactions                      (sell their human resource
               between buyers and                         services) so they can buy
               sellers in a market                        food, gasoline, electricity.
               determines the price                       Producers—a business sells
               and quantity                               refrigerators and pays for
               exchanged of a good,                       the resources (raw
               service or resource.                       materials, workers, and
                                                          machines) required to
                                                          produce the refrigerators.
                                                                                      Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                  Standard          Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                              Understand that…                        (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                 Use maps and concepts of
                                                                             location (relative location
                                                                             words and cardinal and
                                                                             intermediate directions) to
                                                                             describe places in one’s
                                                                             community, the state of
                                                                             Minnesota, the United
                                                                             States or the world.
                                          1. People use
                                                                             For example: Relative
                   1. Geospatial Skills




                                          geographic
                                                                             location words—close to,
    3. Geography




                                          representations and
                                          geospatial                         above, bordering.
3                                         technologies to        3.3.1.1.1   Description using relative
                                          acquire, process and               location words—"Our school
                                          report information                 is across from the post
                                          within a spatial                   office." Description using
                                          context.                           cardinal directions—"Mexico
                                                                             is south of the United
                                                                             States." Description using
                                                                             intermediate
                                                                             directions—“Hawaii is
                                                                             southwest of the continental
                                                                             United States.”
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                  Standard              Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                              Understand that…                            (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                     Create and interpret simple
                                                                                 maps of places around the
                                                                                 world, local to
                                                                                 global; incorporate the
                                                                                 "TODALS" map basics, as
                                                                                 well as points, lines and
                                          1. People use                          colored areas to display
                   1. Geospatial Skills




                                          geographic                             spatial information.
    3. Geography




                                          representations and
                                          geospatial                             For example: Global
3                                         technologies to            3.3.1.1.2   places—country, continent,
                                          acquire, process and                   ocean. "TODALS" map
                                          report information                     basics—title, orientation,
                                          within a spatial                       date, author, legend (key),
                                          context.                               and scale. Local
                                                                                 places—city, village. Spatial
                                                                                 information—cities,
                                                                                 roads, boundaries, bodies of
                                                                                 water, regions.


                                                                                 Identify landforms and
                                                                                 patterns in population;
                   3. Human Systems




                                                                                 explain why human
                                          6. Geographic factors
    3. Geography




                                                                                 populations are unevenly
                                          influence the
                                                                                 distributed around the world.
                                          distribution, functions,
3                                                                    3.3.3.6.1
                                          growth and patterns of
                                                                                 For example: Mountainous
                                          cities and human
                                                                                 and arid places tend to have
                                          settlements.
                                                                                 less population than coastal
                                                                                 places.

                                                                                 Identify physical and human
                                                                                 features that act as
                                                                                 boundaries or dividers; give
                   3. Human Systems




                                                                                 examples of situations or
                                          8. Processes of
    3. Geography




                                                                                 reasons why people have
                                          cooperation and
                                                                                 made or used boundaries.
                                          conflict among people
3                                                                    3.3.3.8.1
                                          influence the division
                                          and control of the
                                          earth’s surface.
                          3. Human Systems
               8. Processes of                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment


     3. Geography
Gr Stran Sub- cooperation and
                      Standard                                                       Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
3    d            Understand people
         stran conflict amongthat…                                                   3.3.3.8.1          (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d   influence the division
                                                                                                 For example: Physical
               and control of the
                                                                                                 features—mountains, rivers,
               earth’s surface.
                                                                                                 bodies of water. Human-
                                                                                                 made features—fences,
                                                                                                 hedges, political boundaries.

                                                                                                 Reference different time
                    1. Historical Thinking




                                                          1. Historians generally                periods using correct
                                                          construct                              terminology, including the
     4. History




                                                          chronological                          terms decade, century and
                            Skills




3                                                         narratives to              3.4.1.1.1   millennium.
                                                          characterize eras and
                                                          explain past events
                                                          and change over time.

                                                                                                 Create timelines of
                    1. Historical Thinking




                                                          1. Historians generally                important events in three
                                                          construct                              different time
     4. History




                                                          chronological                          scales—decades, centuries
                            Skills




3                                                         narratives to              3.4.1.1.2   and millennia.
                                                          characterize eras and
                                                          explain past events
                                                          and change over time.

                                                                                                 Examine historical records,
                                                                                                 maps and artifacts to
                                                                                                 answer basic questions
                                                                                                 about times and events in
                                                                                                 history, both ancient and
                                                                                                 more recent.
                          1. Historical Thinking Skills




                                                          2. Historical inquiry is
                                                          a process in which
                                                          multiple sources and
     4. History




                                                          different kinds of
3                                                         historical evidence are    3.4.1.2.1
                                                          analyzed to draw
                                                          conclusions about
                                                          how and why things
                                                          happened in the past.
                                                                                                  Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                         Standard              Code                 Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                     Understand that…                             (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)



                 1. Historical Thinking Skills
           d                                                                            For example: Historical
                                                 2. Historical inquiry is
                                                 a process in which                     records—photos, oral
                                                 multiple sources and                   histories, diaries or journals,
    4. History



                                                 different kinds of                     textbooks, library books.
3                                                historical evidence are    3.4.1.2.1   Artifacts—art, pottery,
                                                 analyzed to draw                       baskets, jewelry, tools.
                                                 conclusions about                      Basic historical
                                                 how and why things                     questions—What
                                                 happened in the past.                  happened? When did it
                                                                                        happen? Who was
                                                                                        involved? How and why did
                                                                                        it happen? How do we know
                                                                                        what happened? What
                                                                                        effect did it have?
                                                                                                        Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                               Standard              Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                           Understand that…                            (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                  Compare and contrast two
                                                       2. Historical inquiry is

                 1. Historical Thinking
                                                       a process in which                     different accounts of an
                                                       multiple sources and                   event.
                                                                                              For example: Event—a
    4. History



                         Skills                        different kinds of
3                                                      historical evidence are    3.4.1.2.2   playground conflict, current
                                                       analyzed to draw                       event, historic event.
                                                       conclusions about
                                                       how and why things
                                                       happened in the past.
                                                                                              Compare and contrast
                                                                                              various ways that different
                                                                                              cultures have expressed
                                                                                              concepts of time and space.
                       1. Historical Thinking Skills




                                                       2. Historical inquiry is               For example: Calendar
                                                       a process in which                     systems—Sun dial,
                                                       multiple sources and                   Chinese, Hindu, Mayan or
    4. History




                                                       different kinds of                     Aztec, Hebrew and Islamic
3                                                      historical evidence are    3.4.1.2.3   calendars, Dakota or
                                                       analyzed to draw                       Anishinaabe seasonal
                                                       conclusions about                      cycles. Visual
                                                       how and why things                     representations of location
                                                       happened in the past.                  and spatial
                                                                                              information—Chinese
                                                                                              "Jingban Tianwen Quantu"
                                                                                              map, Ptolemic maps,
                                                                                              Islamic maps by Muhammad
                                                                                              al-Idrisi, Polynesian stick
                                                                                              and reed maps.
                                                                                              Explain how an invention of
                 1. Historical Thinking




                                                                                              the past changed life at that
                                                       3. Historical events                   time, including positive,
    4. History




                                                       have multiple causes                   negative and unintended
                         Skills




3                                                      and can lead to varied     3.4.1.3.1   outcomes.
                                                       and unintended                         For example:
                                                       outcomes.                              Inventions—Roman
                                                                                              aqueducts, Chinese
                                                                                              compass, cuneiform.
                                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                     Standard             Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                 Understand that…                           (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                       Identify examples of


                 2. Peoples, Cultures and Change Over Time
                                                                                                   individuals or groups who
                                                                                                   have had an impact on
                                                                                                   world history; explain how
                                                                                                   their actions helped shape
                                                                                                   the world around them.
                                                             5. History is made by
                                                                                                   For example:
                                                             individuals acting
                                                                                                   Individuals—Alexander the
    4. History




                                                             alone and collectively
                                                                                                   Great, Cleopatra, Chinggis
3                                                            to address problems in    3.4.2.5.1
                                                                                                   Khan, Kemal Ataturk,
                                                             their communities,
                                                                                                   Mohandas Gandhi, Nelson
                                                             state, nation and
                                                                                                   Mandela, Vang Pao,
                                                             world.
                                                                                                   Muhammad Yunus, Aung
                                                                                                   San Suu Kyi. Groups might
                                                                                                   include ethnic or cultural
                                                                                                   groups, religious groups,
                                                                                                   political groups.

                                                                                                   Explain how the
                                                                                                   environment influenced the
                                                                                                   settlement of ancient
                                                             7. The emergence of                   peoples in three different
                                                             domestication and                     regions of the world. (Early
                                                             agriculture facilitated               Civilizations and the
                 3. World History




                                                             the development of                    Emergence of Pastoral
                                                             complex societies and                 Peoples: 8000 BCE-2000
    4. History




                                                             caused far-reaching                   BCE)
3                                                                                      3.4.3.7.1
                                                             social and cultural                   For example: Civilizations
                                                             effects. (Early                       from the Mediterranean
                                                             Civilizations and the                 region—Nile River Valley.
                                                             Emergence of                          Civilizations from
                                                             Pastoral Peoples:                     Asia—Sumer (Iraq), Indus
                                                             8000 BCE-2000 BCE)                    Valley, Yellow River Valley.
                                                                                                   Civilizations from the
                                                                                                   Americas—Norte
                                                                                                   Chico/Supe Valley (Peru).
                                                                                    Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                            Standard             Code                Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                        Understand that…                           (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                              Identify methods of
                                                                          communication used by
                                                                          peoples living in ancient
                                                                          times in three different
                                    8. The development of
                                                                          regions of the world.
                                    interregional systems
                                                                          (Classical Traditions, Belief
                                    of communication and
                                                                          Systems and Giant Empires:
                 3. World History



                                    trade facilitated new
                                                                          2000 BCE- 600 CE)
    4. History




                                    forms of social
                                    organization and new                  For example: Methods of
3                                                             3.4.3.8.1
                                    belief systems.                       communication—signal fires
                                    (Classical Traditions,                on the Great Wall of China,
                                    Belief Systems and                    Peruvian Quipu,
                                                                          hieroglyphics. Other regions
                                    Giant Empires: 2000
                                                                          of the world might include
                                    BCE- 600 CE)
                                                                          Syria (city of Urkesh),
                                                                          northeastern Africa
                                                                          (Kingdom of Kush), Turkey
                                                                          (Assyrian Empire).
                                    9. Hemispheric                        Compare and contrast daily
                                    networks intensified                  life for people living in
                                    as a result of                        ancient times in at least
                                    innovations in                        three different regions of the
                                    agriculture, trade                    world. (Post-Classical and
                                    across longer                         Medieval Civilizations and
                                    distances, the                        Expanding Zones of
                                    consolidation of belief               Exchange: 600 CE – 1450
                 3. World History




                                    systems and the                       CE) example: Civilizations
                                                                          For
    4. History




                                    development of new                    from the Mediterranean
3                                   multi-ethnic empires      3.4.3.9.1   region—Greece, Rome,
                                    while diseases and                    Egypt. Civilizations from
                                    climate change                        Asia—Mauryan Empire from
                                    caused sharp, periodic                India; Han or Qin from
                                    fluctuations in global                China. Civilizations from the
                                    population. (Post-                    Americas—Inca, Aztec.
                                    Classical and                         Civilizations from
                                    Medieval Civilizations                Africa—Aksum, Great
                                    and Expanding Zones                   Zimbabwe.
                                    of Exchange: 600 CE
                                    – 1450 CE)
                                                                                                                                   Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
                                                               Grade 4: Geography of North America
Grade four departs from the approach in the primary years (an approach that placed equal emphasis on each the social studies disciplines) to a more
discipline-centered approach. A “lead discipline” is featured in each of grades four through eight. In grade four, the lead discipline is geography,
focusing on political geography and the cultural landscape of North America. Students master the understandings that lay the geographical foundation
for the interdisciplinary Minnesota, United States, and Global Studies courses to follow in the middle grades. They create and use various kinds of
maps to identify the physical and human characteristics of places, examine regions in different locations and time periods, and analyze patterns and
trends in the United States, Mexico and Canada. They learn about tribal government and develop a better understanding of the multiple players
involved in the United States government (political leaders and the public) and the economy (buyers and sellers in a market). Students practice a
reasoned decision-making process to make choices—an important building block for their understanding of personal finance that will be developed in
later grades.
Gr Stran Sub-                 Standard          Code              Benchmark            Expo-    Resources / Tools Used            Impact on Student
       d      stran      Understand that…                        (Curriculum)          sure                                  Achievement (Assessment)
                d                                        Describe how people take
                      1. Democratic
                                                         action to influence a
      1. Citizenship and Government




                      government depends
                                                         decision on a specific issue;
                      on informed and
                                                         explain how local, state,
                      engaged citizens who
                                                         national or tribal
                                                  1. Civic Skills




                      exhibit civic skills and
                                                         governments have
                      values, practice civic
                                                         addressed that issue.
 4                    discourse, vote and      4.1.1.1.1 For example: Ways people
                      participate in                     take action—write a letter,
                      elections, apply                   make phone calls, create an
                      inquiry and analysis               advertisement or web page,
                      skills and take action             attend a meeting.
                      to solve problems and
                      shape public policy.
                                                                                                                          Describe tribal government
                                      4. Governmental Institutions and Political




                                                                                   7. The United States                   and some of the services it
                                                                                   government has                         provides; distinguish
      1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                                   specific functions that                between United States and
                                                                                   are determined by the                  tribal forms of government.
                                                                                   way that power is
                                                                                                                          For example: Services
                                                   Processes




                                                                                   delegated and
                                                                                   controlled among                       provided by tribal
4                                                                                                             4.1.4.7.1   governments—schools,
                                                                                   various bodies: the
                                                                                   three levels (federal,                 hunting and fishing
                                                                                   state, local) and the                  regulations.
                                                                                   three branches
                                                                                   (legislative, executive,
                                                                                   judicial) of
                                                                                   government.
                                                                                                                                 Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                         Standard              Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                     Understand that…                            (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                                            Identify the major roles and

                                    4. Governmental Institutions and Political
                                                                                 7. The United States
                                                                                                                        responsibilities of elected
                                                                                 government has
    1. Citizenship and Government

                                                                                                                        and appointed leaders in the
                                                                                 specific functions that
                                                                                                                        community, state and
                                                                                 are determined by the
                                                                                                                        nation; name some current
                                                                                 way that power is
                                                                                                                        leaders who function in
                                                 Processes


                                                                                 delegated and
                                                                                                                        these roles and how they
                                                                                 controlled among
4                                                                                                           4.1.4.7.2   are selected.
                                                                                 various bodies: the                    For example: Mayor, city
                                                                                 three levels (federal,                 council member, state
                                                                                 state, local) and the                  senator, governor.
                                                                                 three branches
                                                                                 (legislative, executive,
                                                                                 judicial) of
                                                                                 government.

                                                                                 1. People make                         Apply a reasoned decision-
                                                                                 informed economic                      making process to make a
                                                1. Economic Reasoning Skills




                                                                                 choices by identifying                 choice.
                                                                                 their goals,                           For example: Processes—a
    2. Economics




                                                                                 interpreting and                       decision tree or PACED
                                                                                 applying data,                         decision-making process
4                                                                                considering the short-     4.2.1.1.1   (Problem, Alternative,
                                                                                 and long-run costs                     Criteria, Evaluation,
                                                                                 and benefits of                        Decision). A
                                                                                 alternative choices                    choice—evaluating the
                                                                                 and revising their                     benefits and costs of buying
                                                                                 goals based on their                   a new game.
                                                                                 analysis.
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                     Standard            Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                 Understand that…                          (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                      Define the productivity of a
                                                                                  resource and describe ways
                                                                                  to increase it.
                                                                                  For example: Productivity
                                                                                  equals the amount of output
                                                                                  divided by the amount of
                   3. Fundamental Concepts



                                                                                  input (resource). Things that
                                             3. Because of scarcity               can increase
                                             individuals,                         productivity—division of
    2. Economics




                                             organizations and                    labor, specialization,
                                             governments must                     improvements in technology
4                                                                     4.2.3.3.1
                                             evaluate trade-offs,                 (the way things are made).
                                             make choices and                     The productivity of a corn
                                             incur opportunity                    farmer (resource) has been
                                             costs.                               improved by the use of
                                                                                  specialized equipment,
                                                                                  development of new
                                                                                  varieties of seeds and
                                                                                  fertilizers and improved
                                                                                  farming techniques.


                                                                                  Describe a market as any
                                             5. Individuals,                      place or manner in which
                                             businesses and                       buyers and sellers interact
                                             governments interact                 to make exchanges;
                   3. Fundamental Concepts




                                             and exchange goods,                  describe prices as payments
                                             services and                         of money for items
    2. Economics




                                             resources in different               exchanged in markets.
                                             ways and for different               For example: Markets—mall
4                                                                     4.2.3.5.1
                                             reasons; interactions                stores, online shopping, mail
                                             between buyers and                   orders, garage sales,
                                             sellers in a market                  employment center.
                                             determines the price                 Prices—$40 for a video
                                             and quantity                         game, $15 for one hour of a
                                             exchanged of a good,                 worker’s labor.
                                             service or resource.
                                                                                      Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                  Standard          Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                              Understand that…                        (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                 Create and use various
                                                                             kinds of maps, including
                                                                             overlaying thematic maps,
                                                                             of places in the United
                                          1. People use                      States, and also Canada or
                                                                             Mexico; incorporate the
                   1. Geospatial skills


                                          geographic
                                                                             “TODALS” map basics, as
    3. Geography




                                          representations and
                                          geospatial                         well as points, lines and
4                                         technologies to        4.3.1.1.1   colored areas to display
                                          acquire, process and               spatial information.
                                                                             For example: “TODALS”
                                          report information
                                                                             map basics—title,
                                          within a spatial
                                                                             orientation, date, author,
                                          context.
                                                                             legend/key, and scale.
                                                                             Spatial information—cities,
                                                                             roads, boundaries, bodies of
                                                                             water, regions.

                                          1. People use                      Use latitude and longitude
                                                                             on maps and globes to
                   1. Geospatial skills




                                          geographic
                                                                             locate places in the United
    3. Geography




                                          representations and
                                          geospatial                         States, and also Canada or
4                                         technologies to        4.3.1.1.2   Mexico.
                                          acquire, process and
                                          report information
                                          within a spatial
                                          context.
                                                                                       Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                  Standard           Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                              Understand that…                         (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                  Choose the most
                                                                              appropriate data from maps,
                                                                              charts, and graphs in an
                                                                              atlas to answer specific
                                                                              questions about geographic
                                                                              issues in the United States,
                                                                              and also Canada or Mexico.
                                          2. Geographic inquiry
                   1. Geospatial skills




                                          is a process in which               For example: How has
    3. Geography




                                          people ask geographic               human activity had an
                                          questions and gather,               impact on the environment?
4                                                                 4.3.1.2.1   Which region has the
                                          organize and analyze
                                          information to solve                largest population? Where
                                          problems and plan for               are the manufacturing
                                          the future.                         centers of a country? Which
                                                                              languages are spoken in
                                                                              different places? Other
                                                                              questions might relate to
                                                                              environmental concerns,
                                                                              transportation issues, flood
                                                                              control.

                                                                              Use photographs or satellite-
                                          2. Geographic inquiry               produced images to
                   1. Geospatial skills




                                          is a process in which               interpret spatial information
    3. Geography




                                          people ask geographic               about the United States, and
                                          questions and gather,               also Canada or Mexico.
4                                                                 4.3.1.2.2
                                          organize and analyze
                                          information to solve
                                          problems and plan for
                                          the future.
                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                      Standard            Code                Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                  Understand that…                          (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                       Locate and identify the
                                                                                   physical and human
                                                                                   characteristics of places in
                                                                                   the United States, and also
                                                                                   Canada or Mexico.
                                              3. Places have                       For example: Physical
                                                                                   characteristics—landforms
                      2. Places and Regions



                                              physical
                                              characteristics (such                (Rocky Mountains),
    3. Geography




                                              as climate, topography               ecosystems (forest), bodies
                                              vegetation) and                      of water (Mississippi River,
4                                                                      4.3.2.3.1   Hudson Bay), soil,
                                              human characteristics
                                              (such as culture,                    vegetation, weather and
                                              population, political                climate. Human
                                              and economic                         characteristics— structures
                                              systems).                            (Statue of Liberty), bridges
                                                                                   (Golden Gate Bridge),
                                                                                   canals (Erie Canal), cities,
                                                                                   political boundaries,
                                                                                   population distribution,
                                                                                   settlement patterns,
                                                                                   language, ethnicity,
                                              4. People construct                  Name and locate states and
                                                                                   territories, major cities and
    3. Geography

                   2. Places and




                                              regions to identify,
                                                                                   state capitals in the United
                      Regions




                                              organize and interpret
4                                             areas of the Earth’s     4.3.2.4.1   States.
                                              surface, which
                                              simplifies the earth’s
                                              complexity.
                                                                                   Name and locate countries
                      2. Places and Regions




                                                                                   neighboring the United
                                              4. People construct
                                                                                   States and their major cities.
    3. Geography




                                              regions to identify,
                                              organize and interpret               For example: Countries
4                                             areas of the Earth’s     4.3.2.4.2   neighboring the United
                                              surface, which                       States—Canada, Mexico,
                                              simplifies the earth’s               Cuba, Russia; Major
                                              complexity.                          cities—Toronto, Montreal,
                                                                                   Winnipeg, Vancouver,
                                                                                   Mexico City, Havana.
                                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                  Standard              Code                 Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                              Understand that…                             (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                     Use data to analyze and
                                                           5. The characteristics,
                                                                                                 explain the changing
                       3. Human Systems
                                                          distribution and
                                                                                                 distribution of population in
    3. Geography


                                                          migration of human
                                                                                                 the United States and
                                                          populations on the
                                                                                                 Canada over the last
4                                                         earth’s surface            4.3.3.5.1
                                                                                                 century.
                                                          influence human
                                                          systems (cultural,
                                                          economic and political
                                                          systems).
                                                                                                 Explain how geographic
                       3. Human Systems




                                                                                                 factors affect population
                                                          6. Geographic factors
    3. Geography




                                                                                                 distribution and the growth
                                                          influence the
                                                                                                 of cities in the United States
                                                          distribution, functions,
4                                                                                    4.3.3.6.1   and Canada.
                                                          growth and patterns of
                                                                                                 For example: Geographic
                                                          cities and human
                                                                                                 factors—climate, landforms,
                                                          settlements.
                                                                                                 availability of natural
                                                                                                 resources.
                                                                                                 Explain how humans adapt
                                                                                                 to and/or modify the
                       4. Human Environment Interaction




                                                                                                 physical environment and
                                                                                                 how they are in turn affected
                                                                                                 by these adaptations and
                                                          9. The environment
    3. Geography




                                                                                                 modifications.
                                                          influences human
                                                          actions; and humans
4                                                                                    4.3.4.9.1   For example: Humans cut
                                                          both adapt to and
                                                                                                 down a forest to clear land
                                                          change, the
                                                                                                 for farming, which leads to
                                                          environment.
                                                                                                 soil erosion. Consequently,
                                                                                                 humans have to use more
                                                                                                 fertilizer to supplement the
                                                                                                 nutrients in the soil.

                                                                                                 Describe how the location of
                                                                                                 resources and the
    3. Geography




                                                           10. The meaning,
                   Environment
                    Interaction
                     4. Human




                                                          use, distribution and                  distribution of people and
                                                                                     4.3.4.10.
4                                                         importance of                          their various economic
                                                                                         1
                                                          resources changes                      activities has created
                                                          over time.                             different regions in the
                                                                                                 United States and Canada.
                                                                                                         Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                 Standard              Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                             Understand that…                            (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                    Analyze the impact of

                   4. Human Environment
                                                                                                geographic factors on the
    3. Geography

                                                          10. The meaning,                      development of modern
                        Interaction                      use, distribution and                  agricultural regions in
                                                                                    4.3.4.10.
4                                                        importance of                          Minnesota and the United
                                                                                        2
                                                         resources changes                      States.
                                                         over time.                             For example: Agricultural
                                                                                                regions—"Corn Belt," "Dairy
                                                                                                Belt," crop regions.
                                                                                                Use maps to compare and
                         1. Historical Thinking Skills




                                                         2. Historical inquiry is               contrast a particular region
                                                         a process in which                     in the United States, and
                                                         multiple sources and                   also Canada or Mexico, at
    4. History




                                                         different kinds of                     different points in time.
4                                                        historical evidence are    4.4.1.2.1
                                                         analyzed to draw                       For example: The United
                                                         conclusions about                      States, Canada, or Mexico
                                                         how and why things                     in 1800 versus 1900;
                                                         happened in the past.                  population centers over
                                                                                                time; natural resource use
                                                                                                over time. locate on a map
                                                                                                Identify and
                                                         4. The differences and
                   1. Peoples, Cultures,
                   and Change over Time




                                                                                                or globe the origins of
                                                         similarities of cultures
                                                                                                peoples in the local
                                                         around the world are
                                                                                                community and state; create
    4. History




                                                         attributable to their
                                                                                                a timeline of when different
4                                                        diverse origins and        4.4.2.4.1
                                                                                                groups arrived; describe
                                                         histories, and
                                                                                                why and how they came.
                                                         interactions with other
                                                         cultures throughout
                                                         time.
                                                                                                         Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
                                                          Grade Five: History of North America (up to 1800)
In grade five, the lead discipline is history supplemented by a strong secondary emphasis on citizenship and government. Students explore the history
of North America in the period before 1800. They learn about complex societies that existed on the continent before 1500, and subsequent
interactions between Indigenous peoples, Europeans and Africans during the period of colonization and settlement. They examine regional economies
and learn that profit motivates entrepreneurs (such as early American fur traders). They trace the development of self-governance in the British
colonies and identify major conflicts that led to the American Revolution. They analyze the debates that swirled around the creation of a new
government and learn the basic principles of democracy that were set forth in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
Students become immersed in historical inquiry, learning to “think like a historian.” They weigh the costs and benefits of decisions (such as the
decision of some colonists to sever ties with the British) and analyze the contributions of historically significant people to the development of American
political culture.
Gr Stran Sub-                Standard           Code              Benchmark              Expo-      Resources / Tools Used          Impact on Student
        d     stran     Understand that…                         (Curriculum)            sure                                  Achievement (Assessment)
                d                                        Simulate a historic event to
                     1. Democratic
                                                         show how civic engagement
      1. Citizenship and Government




                     government depends
                                                         (voting, civil discourse about
                     on informed and
                                                         controversial issues and
                     engaged citizens who
                                                         civic action) improves and
                                      1. Civic Skills




                     exhibit civic skills and
                                                         sustains a democratic
                     values, practice civic
                                                         society, supports the
 5                   discourse, vote and       5.1.1.1.1
                                                         general welfare, and
                     participate in
                                                         protects the rights of
                     elections, apply
                                                         individuals.
                                                         For example: Historic
                     inquiry and analysis
                     skills and take action              events—Constitutional
                     to solve problems and               Convention, a town meeting.
                     shape public policy.

                                                                                               Identify a public problem in
                                                        1. Democratic                          the school or community,
      1. Citizenship and Government




                                                        government depends                     analyze the issue from
                                                        on informed and                        multiple perspectives, and
                                                        engaged citizens who                   create an action plan to
                                      1. Civic Skills




                                                        exhibit civic skills and               address it.
                                                        values, practice civic
5                                                       discourse, vote and        5.1.1.1.2   For example: Public
                                                        participate in                         problem—Students litter
                                                        elections, apply                       while walking to school;
                                                        inquiry and analysis                   balls from the playground
                                                        skills and take action                 land in neighbors' yards.
                                                        to solve problems and
                                                        shape public policy.
                                                                                                                               Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                      Standard              Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                  Understand that…                            (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                                         Identify historically
                                                                                                                     significant people during the
                                    2. Civic Values and Principles of
    1. Citizenship and Government

                                                                                                                     period of the American
                                                                              2. The civic identity of               Revolution; explain how
                                                                              the United States is                   their actions contributed to
                                                                              shaped by historical                   the development of
                                               Democracy


                                                                              figures, places and                    American political culture.
5                                                                             events and by key          5.1.2.2.1
                                                                                                                     For example: Historically
                                                                              foundational
                                                                                                                     significant people might
                                                                              documents and other
                                                                                                                     include George Washington,
                                                                              symbolically important
                                                                                                                     Thomas Jefferson, James
                                                                              artifacts.
                                                                                                                     Madison, Alexander
                                                                                                                     Hamilton, Mercy Otis
                                                                                                                     Warren, Joseph Brandt,
                                                                                                                     Elizabeth Freeman.
                                                                                                                     Explain specific protections
                                                                                                                     that the Bill of Rights
                                                                                                                     provides to individuals and
    1. Citizenship and Government


                                             3. Rights and Responsibilities




                                                                                                                     the importance of these ten
                                                                                                                     amendments to the
                                                                                                                     ratification of the United
                                                                               5. Individuals in a                   States Constitution.
                                                                              republic have rights,
5                                                                                                        5.1.3.5.1   For example: Protections—
                                                                              duties and
                                                                              responsibilities.                      speech, religion (First
                                                                                                                     Amendment), bear arms
                                                                                                                     (Second Amendment),
                                                                                                                     protections for people
                                                                                                                     accused of crimes (Fourth,
                                                                                                                     Fifth, Sixth, Eighth
                                                                                                                     Amendments).
                                                                                                                                  Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                         Standard              Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                     Understand that…                            (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                                            Explain the primary
                                                                                                                        functions of the three
                                    4. Governmental Institutions and Political   7. The United States                   branches of government
                                                                                 government has                         and how the leaders of each
    1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                                 specific functions that                branch are selected, as
                                                                                 are determined by the                  established in the United
                                                                                 way that power is                      States Constitution.
                                                 Processes



                                                                                 delegated and                          For example: Legislative
                                                                                 controlled among                       branch makes laws;
5                                                                                                           5.1.4.7.1
                                                                                 various bodies: the                    Congress is elected.
                                                                                 three levels (federal,                 Executive branch carries out
                                                                                 state, local) and the                  laws; President is elected,
                                                                                 three branches                         cabinet members are
                                                                                 (legislative, executive,               appointed. Judicial branch
                                                                                 judicial) of                           decides if laws are broken;
                                                                                 government.                            Supreme Court justices and
                                                                                                                        federal judges are
                                                                                                                        appointed.
                                                                                                                        Describe how governmental
                                    4. Governmental Institutions and Political




                                                                                 7. The United States                   power is limited through the
                                                                                 government has
    1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                                                                        principles of federalism, the
                                                                                 specific functions that                separation of powers, and
                                                                                 are determined by the                  checks and balances.
                                                                                 way that power is
                                                 Processes




                                                                                 delegated and
                                                                                 controlled among
5                                                                                                           5.1.4.7.2
                                                                                 various bodies: the
                                                                                 three levels (federal,
                                                                                 state, local) and the
                                                                                 three branches
                                                                                 (legislative, executive,
                                                                                 judicial) of
                                                                                 government.

                                                                                                                        Identify taxes and fees
                                                                                                                        collected, and services
                                    nmental Institutions and Political




                                                                                 7. The United States
                                                                                                                        provided, by governments
                                                                                 government has
    itizenship and Government




                                                                                                                        during colonial times;
                                                                                 specific functions that
                                                                                                                        compare these to the taxes
                                                                                 are determined by the
                                                                                                                        and fees collected, and
                                                                                 way that power is
                                                                                                                        services provided, by the
                                         Processes




                                                                                 delegated and
                                                                                                                        government today.
                                                                                 controlled among
5                                                                                                           5.1.4.7.3
                                                                                 various bodies: the
                                                                                 three levels (federal,
                                                                                 state, local) and the
                                                                                 three branches
               government has




                                             4. Governmental Institutions and Pol
         1. Citizenship and Government
               specific functions that
               are determined by the                                                                                               Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub- way that power is
                       Standard                                                                              Code                 Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student




                                                          Processes
               delegated and
     d   stran    Understand that…                                                                                               (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
               controlled among
5          d                                                                                                 5.1.4.7.3   For example: Property tax
               various bodies: the
               three levels (federal,                                                                                    funds local government
               state, local) and the                                                                                     (schools, parks, city streets).
               three branches                                                                                            Sales and income tax funds
               (legislative, executive,                                                                                  state government (State
               judicial) of                                                                                              Patrol, Department of
               government.                                                                                               Natural Resources). Fees
                                                                                                                         fund parks.

                                                                                                                         Explain how law limits the
                                                                                    8. The primary
                                         Institutions and Political




                                                                                                                         powers of government and
                                                                                    purposes of rules and
    1. Citizenship and

                                             4. Governmental




                                                                                                                         the governed, protects
                                                                                    laws within the United
       Government




                                                                                                                         individual rights and
                                                 Processes




                                                                                    States constitutional                promotes the general
5                                                                                   government are to        5.1.4.8.1
                                                                                                                         welfare.
                                                                                    protect individual                   For example: Miranda v.
                                                                                    rights, promote the                  Arizona, Ninth and Tenth
                                                                                    general welfare and                  Amendments, Civil Rights
                                                                                    provide order.                       Act of 1964.
                                                                                              Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                       Standard            Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                   Understand that…                          (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                        Apply a decision-making
                                               1. People make
                                                                                    process to identify an
                   Economic Reasoning Skills
                                               informed economic
                                                                                    alternative choice that could
                                               choices by identifying
                                                                                    have been made for a
                                               their goals,
                                                                                    historical event; explain the
    2. Economics




                                               interpreting and
                                                                                    probable impact of that
                                               applying data,
                                                                                    choice.
5                                              considering the short-   5.2.1.1.1
                                                                                    For example: Decision-
                                               and long-run costs
                                                                                    making processes—a
                                               and benefits of
                                                                                    decision tree, PACED
                                               alternative choices
                                                                                    decision-making process
                                               and revising their
                                                                                    (Problem, Alternative,
                                               goals based on their
                   1.




                                                                                    Criteria, Evaluation,
                                               analysis.
                                                                                    Decision).
                                                                                    Describe various uses of
                                                                                    income and discuss
                                               2. Personal and                      advantages and
                                               financial goals can be               disadvantages of each.
                   2. Personal Finance




                                               achieved by applying                 For example: Uses of
    2. Economics




                                               economic concepts                    income—spend, save, pay
                                               and principles to                    taxes, contribute to others.
5                                              personal financial       5.2.2.2.1   Advantages of
                                               planning, budgeting,                 saving—earning interest
                                               spending, saving,                    and having enough money
                                               investing, borrowing                 later to make a big
                                               and insuring                         purchase.
                                               decisions.                           Disadvantage—getting
                                                                                    fewer goods and services
                                                                                    now.
                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                       Standard           Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                   Understand that…                         (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                       Describe the concept of
                                               6. Profit provides an               profit as the motivation for
                   4. Microeconomic Concepts
                                               incentive for                       entrepreneurs; calculate
                                               individuals and                     profit as the difference
    2. Economics




                                               businesses; different               between revenue (from
                                               business                            selling goods and services)
5                                              organizations and       5.2.4.6.1   and cost (payments for
                                               market structures                   resources used).
                                               have an effect on the               For example: Entrepreneurs-
                                               profit, price and                   - European explorers and
                                               production of goods                 traders. Profit equals
                                               and services.                       revenue minus cost.

                                                                                   Create and use various
                                                                                   kinds of maps, including
                                                                                   overlaying thematic maps,
                                                                                   of places in the North
                                               1. People use                       American colonies;
                   1. Geospatial Skills




                                               geographic                          incorporate the “TODALS”
    3. Geography




                                               representations and                 map basics, as well as
                                               geospatial                          points, lines and colored
5                                              technologies to         5.3.1.1.1
                                                                                   areas to display spatial
                                               acquire, process and                For example: “TODALS”
                                               report information                  map basics—title,
                                               within a spatial                    orientation, date, author,
                                               context.                            legend/ key and scale.
                                                                                   Spatial information—cities,
                                                                                   roads, boundaries, bodies of
                                                                                   water, regions.
                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                      Standard            Code                Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                  Understand that…                          (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                       Locate and identify the
                                                                                   physical and human
                                                                                   characteristics of places in
                                                                                   the North American
                                                                                   colonies.
                                                                                   For example: Physical
                                                                                   characteristics—landforms
                                              3. Places have                       (Appalachian Mountains),
                                              physical                             ecosystems (forest), bodies
                       1. Geospatial Skills




                                              characteristics (such                of water (Potomac River,
    3. Geography




                                              as climate, topography               Chesapeake Bay), soil,
                                              and vegetation) and                  vegetation, weather and
5                                                                      5.3.1.3.1   climate. Human
                                              human characteristics
                                              (such as culture,                    characteristics— structures
                                              population, political                (Faneuil Hall), cities
                                              and economic                         (Richmond, Philadelphia,
                                              systems).                            New York City), political
                                                                                   boundaries, population
                                                                                   distribution, settlement
                                                                                   patterns, language,
                                                                                   ethnicity, nationality,
                                                                                   religious beliefs.


                                                                                   Explain how geographic
                                                                                   factors affected land use in
    3. Geography




                                               10. The meaning,
                   Environment
                    Interaction




                                                                                   the North American
                     4. Human




                                              use, distribution and
                                                                       5.3.4.10.   colonies.
5                                             importance of                1       For example: Geographic
                                              resources changes
                                                                                   factors—climate, landforms,
                                              over time.
                                                                                   availability of natural
                                                                                   resources.
                                                                                                        Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                               Standard              Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                           Understand that…                            (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                  Explain the construct of an
                                                                                              era; interpret the
                                                                                              connections between three
                                                                                              or more events in an era
                       1. Historical Thinking Skills
                                                                                              depicted on a timeline or
                                                       1. Historians generally                flowchart.
                                                                                              For example: Eras—Before
                                                       construct                              1620; Colonization and
    4. History




                                                       chronological                          Settlement: 1585-1763;
5                                                      narratives to              5.4.1.1.1   Revolution and a New
                                                       characterize eras and                  Nation: 1754-1800.
                                                       explain past events                    Events—the peopling of
                                                       and change over time.                  North America, the
                                                                                              settlement of North
                                                                                              American colonies, the
                                                                                              events of the American
                                                                                              Revolution.

                                                                                              Pose questions about a
                                                       2. Historical inquiry is
                                                                                              topic in history, examine a
                 1. Historical Thinking




                                                       a process in which
                                                                                              variety of sources related to
                                                       multiple sources and
                                                                                              the questions, interpret
    4. History




                                                       different kinds of
                         Skills




                                                                                              findings and use evidence to
5                                                      historical evidence are    5.4.1.2.1
                                                                                              draw conclusions that
                                                       analyzed to draw
                                                                                              address the questions.
                                                       conclusions about
                                                       how and why things
                                                       happened in the past.
                                                                                              Explain a historical event
                       1. Historical Thinking Skills




                                                       2. Historical inquiry is               from multiple perspectives.
                                                       a process in which
                                                       multiple sources and                   For example:
    4. History




                                                       different kinds of                     Event—Boston Massacre;
5                                                      historical evidence are    5.4.1.2.2   Perspectives—British
                                                       analyzed to draw                       soldiers, American colonists.
                                                       conclusions about
                                                       how and why things
                                                       happened in the past.
                                                                                              Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                        Standard             Code               Benchmark             Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                    Understand that…                          (Curriculum)           sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                         Analyze multiple causes and


                 Thinking Skills
                                                3. Historical events                 outcomes of a historical
                  1. Historical
    4. History

                                                have multiple causes                 event.
5                                               and can lead to varied   5.4.1.3.1   For example: Historical
                                                and unintended                       event— the Columbian
                                                outcomes.                            Exchange, the Seven Years’
                                                                                     War.
                                                                                     Describe complex urban
                                                15. North America was
                                                                                     societies that existed in
                                                populated by
                                                                                     Mesoamerica and North
                                                indigenous nations
                     4. United States History




                                                                                     America before 1500.
                                                that had developed a
                                                                                     (Before European Contact)
                                                wide range of social
    4. History




                                                structures, political                For example: Maya, Aztec,
                                                                         5.4.4.15.   Anasazi, Hohokam,
5                                               systems and              1
                                                economic activities,                 Cahokia, Hopewell.
                                                and whose expansive
                                                trade networks
                                                extended across the
                                                continent. (Before
                                                European Contact)
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                      Identify various motivations
                                                                                  of Europeans for exploration
                                            16. Rivalries along                   and settlement in Asia,
                 4. United States History   European nations and                  Africa and the Americas
                                            their search for new                  from the fifteenth to early
                                            opportunities fueled                  seventeenth centuries.
                                            expanding global
    4. History




                                                                                  (Colonization and
                                            trade networks and, in    5.4.4.16.
                                                                                  Settlement: 1585-1763)
5                                                                         1
                                            North America,                        For example:
                                            colonization and                      Motivations—the search for
                                            settlement and the                    a route to Asia, rivalries for
                                            exploitation of                       resources, religious
                                            indigenous peoples                    competition.
                                            and lands; colonial
                                            development evoked
                                            varied responses by
                                            indigenous nations,                   Describe early interactions
                                            and produced regional                 between indigenous
                                                                                  peoples, Europeans and
                 4. United States History




                                            societies and
                                            economies that                        Africans, including the
                                            included imported                     Columbian Exchange;
    4. History




                                            slave labor and                       identify the consequences
                                                                      5.4.4.16.
5                                           distinct forms of local       2
                                                                                  of those interactions on the
                                            government.                           three groups. (Colonization
                                            (Colonization and                     and Settlement: 1585-1763)
                                            Settlement: 1585-
                                            1763)
                                                                                                                     Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                             Standard             Code                Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                         Understand that…                           (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                                               Identify the role of


                 4. United States History 4. United States History
                                                                                                           Europeans and West
                                                                                                           Africans in the development
    4. History



                                                                     16. Rivalries along                   of the Atlantic slave trade.
                                                                                               5.4.4.16.
5                                                                    European nations and          3
                                                                                                           (Colonization and
                                                                     their search for new                  Settlement: 1585-1763)
                                                                     opportunities fueled
                                                                     expanding global
                                                                     trade networks and, in
                                                                     North America,                        Compare and contrast life
                                                                     colonization and                      within the English, French
                                                                     settlement and the                    and Spanish colonies in
    4. History




                                                                     exploitation of                       North America.
                                                                                               5.4.4.16.
5                                                                    indigenous peoples                    (Colonization and
                                                                                                   4
                                                                     and lands; colonial                   Settlement: 1585-1763)
                                                                     development evoked
                                                                     varied responses by
                                                                     indigenous nations,
                                                                     and produced regional                 Describe ways that
                                                                     societies and                         enslaved people and people
                                                                     economies that                        in free black communities
                 4. United States History




                                                                     included imported                     resisted slavery and
                                                                     slave labor and                       transferred, developed and
    4. History




                                                                     distinct forms of local               maintained their cultural
                                                                                               5.4.4.16.
5                                                                    government.                           identities. (Colonization and
                                                                                                   5
                                                                     (Colonization and                     Settlement: 1585-1763)
                                                                     Settlement: 1585-
                                                                     1763)
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark                Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)              sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
           d                                                                      Identify major conflicts
                                                                                  between the colonies and
                                                                                  England following the Seven
                                            17. The divergence of                 Years War; explain how
                                            colonial interests from               these conflicts led to the
                                            those of England led                  American Revolution.
                 4. United States History



                                            to an independence                    (Revolution and a New
                                            movement that                         Nation: 1754-1800)
                                            resulted in the                       For example: Conflicts
    4. History




                                            American Revolution       5.4.4.17.   related to the Proclamation
5                                                                         1
                                            and the foundation of                 Line of 1763, imperial policy
                                            a new nation based on                 shifts aimed at regulating
                                            the ideals of self-                   and taxing colonists (Sugar
                                            government and                        Act, Stamp Act, Townshend
                                            liberty. (Revolution                  Acts, Tea Act, "Coercive"
                                            and a New Nation:                     Acts, Quebec Act), "taxation
                                            1754-1800)                            without representation," the
                                                                                  Boston Tea Party, the
                                                                                  Quartering Act.

                                                                                  Describe the development
                                            17. The divergence of                 of self-governance in the
                                            colonial interests from               British colonies and explain
                                            those of England led                  the influence of this tradition
                 4. United States History




                                            to an independence                    on the American Revolution.
                                            movement that                         (Revolution and a New
                                            resulted in the
    4. History




                                                                                  Nation: 1754-1800)
                                            American Revolution       5.4.4.17.
5
                                            and the foundation of         2       For example: Colonial
                                            a new nation based on                 charters, Mayflower
                                            the ideals of self-                   Compact, colonial
                                            government and                        assemblies.
                                            liberty. (Revolution
                                            and a New Nation:
                                            1754-1800)

                                                                                  Identify the major events of
                                            17. The divergence of                 the American Revolution
                                            colonial interests from               culminating in the creation
                                            those of England led                  of a new and independent
                 ited States History




                                            to an independence                    nation. (Revolution and a
                                            movement that                         New Nation: 1754-1800)
                                            resulted in the
    4. History




                                            American Revolution       5.4.4.17.
5                                                                         3
                                            and the foundation of
                                            a new nation based on
               17. The divergence of
               colonial interests from
               those of England led                   Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment




                  4. United States History
Gr Stran Sub- to an independence
                       Standard        Code          Benchmark           Expo-     Resources / Tools Used             Impact on Student
     d   stran movement thatthat…
                  Understand                        (Curriculum)          sure                                    Achievement (Assessment)
     4. History
           d   resulted in the               For example: Lexington and
               American Revolution 5.4.4.17. Concord, Saratoga,
5                                       3
               and the foundation of         Yorktown, Treaty of Paris.
               a new nation based on
               the ideals of self-
               government and
               liberty. (Revolution
               and a New Nation:
               1754-1800)

                                                                                   Compare and contrast the
                                                                                   impact of the American
                                             17. The divergence of
                                                                                   Revolution on different
                                             colonial interests from
                                                                                   groups within the 13
                                             those of England led
                                                                                   colonies that made up the
                  4. United States History




                                             to an independence
                                                                                   new United States.
                                             movement that
                                                                                   (Revolution and a New
                                             resulted in the
     4. History




                                                                                   Nation: 1754-1800)
                                             American Revolution       5.4.4.17.
5                                                                          4
                                                                                   For example:
                                             and the foundation of
                                                                                   Groups—Women, Patriots,
                                             a new nation based on
                                                                                   Loyalists, indigenous
                                             the ideals of self-
                                                                                   people, enslaved Africans,
                                             government and
                                                                                   free blacks.
                                             liberty. (Revolution
                                             and a New Nation:
                                             1754-1800)


                                                                                   Describe the purposes of
                                                                                   the founding documents and
                                             17. The divergence of                 explain the basic principles
                                             colonial interests from               of democracy that were set
                                             those of England led                  forth in the Declaration of
                  4. United States History




                                             to an independence                    Independence, the
                                             movement that                         Constitution and the Bill of
                                             resulted in the                       Rights. (Revolution and a
     4. History




                                             American Revolution       5.4.4.17.   New Nation: 1754-1800)
5                                                                          5
                                             and the foundation of
                                             a new nation based on
                                             the ideals of self-
                                             government and
                                             liberty. (Revolution
                                             and a New Nation:
                                             1754-1800)
               those of England led




                  4. United States History
               to an independence
               movement that                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub- resulted in the

     4. History
                       Standard      Code              Benchmark           Expo-     Resources / Tools Used             Impact on Student
5    d   stran American Revolution 5.4.4.17.
                  Understand that…                    (Curriculum)          sure                                    Achievement (Assessment)
               and the foundation of   5
           d                                 For example: Consent of
               a new nation based on
               the ideals of self-           the governed, social
               government and                contract, inalienable rights,
               liberty. (Revolution          individual rights and
               and a New Nation:             responsibilities, equality,
               1754-1800)                    rule of law, limited
                                             government, representative
                                             democracy.
                                                                                   Describe the successes and
                                                                                   failures of the national
                                             17. The divergence of                 government under the
                                             colonial interests from               Articles of Confederation
                                             those of England led                  and why it was ultimately
                  4. United States History




                                             to an independence                    discarded and replaced with
                                             movement that                         the Constitution. (Revolution
                                             resulted in the                       and a New Nation: 1754-
     4. History




                                             American Revolution       5.4.4.17.   1800)
5                                                                          6
                                             and the foundation of
                                             a new nation based on
                                             the ideals of self-
                                             government and
                                             liberty. (Revolution
                                             and a New Nation:
                                             1754-1800)


                                                                                   Describe the major issues
                                             17. The divergence of                 that were debated at the
                                             colonial interests from               Constitutional Convention.
                                             those of England led                  (Revolution and a New
                  4. United States History




                                             to an independence                    Nation: 1754-1800)
                                             movement that
                                             resulted in the                       For example: Distribution of
     4. History




                                             American Revolution       5.4.4.17.   political power, rights of
5                                                                          7       individuals, rights of states,
                                             and the foundation of
                                             a new nation based on                 slavery, the "Great
                                             the ideals of self-                   Compromise."
                                             government and
                                             liberty. (Revolution
                                             and a New Nation:
                                             1754-1800)
                                                                                                        Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
                                                               Grade Six: Minnesota Studies
In the middle grades, the “lead discipline” approach continues, but with added emphasis on interdisciplinary connections (as the word “Studies” in the
title “Minnesota Studies” suggests). Grade six features history as the lead discipline but the focus includes geographic, economic and civic
understandings. Students study Minnesota history and its government, placing the state and its people within the context of the national story. They
engage in historical inquiry and study events, issues and individuals significant to Minnesota history, beginning with the early indigenous people of the
upper Mississippi River region to the present day. They examine the relationship between levels of government, and how the concept of sovereignty
affects the exercise of treaty rights. They analyze how the state’s physical features and location of resources affected settlement patterns and the
growth of cities. Drawing on their knowledge of economics, students analyze the influence of a market-based economy at the local and national levels.
They learn about the unique role Minnesota played, and continues to play, in regional, national and global politics.
Gr Stran Sub-                                                Standard              Code                 Benchmark           Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                            Understand that…                             (Curriculum)         sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                               Evaluate arguments about
                                                                                               selected issues from diverse
                                                                                               perspectives and frames of
                                                                                               reference, noting the
                                                                                               strengths, weaknesses and
                                                                                               consequences associated
                                                                                               with the decision made on
                                                                                               each issue.
                                                        1. Democratic                          For example: Historical
      1. Citizenship and Government




                                                        government depends                     issues—women’s suffrage,
                                                        on informed and                        treaties with indigenous
                                                        engaged citizens who                   nations, Civil Rights
                                      1. Civic Skills




                                                        exhibit civic skills and               movement, New Deal
                                                        values, practice civic                 programs. Strengths might
6                                                       discourse, vote and        6.1.1.1.1   include—expanded rights to
                                                        participate in                         new group of Americans,
                                                        elections, apply                       established tribal
                                                        inquiry and analysis                   sovereignty, collaborative
                                                        skills and take action                 effort of multiple groups in
                                                        to solve problems and                  American society, provided
                                                        shape public policy.                   a financial safety net for
                                                                                               individuals. Weaknesses
                                                                                               might include—too
                                                                                               expensive, unintended
                                                                                               consequences, caused
                                                                                               more problems than it
                                                                                               solved.
                                                                                                      Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                              Standard              Code                  Benchmark         Expo-    Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                          Understand that…                              (Curriculum)       sure                              Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                             Use graphic data to analyze
                                                      1. Democratic
                                                                                             information about a public
    1. Citizenship and Government
                                                      government depends
                                                                                             issue in state or local
                                                      on informed and
                                                                                             government.For example:
                                                      engaged citizens who
                                                                                             Graphic data—charts,
                                    1. Civic Skills

                                                      exhibit civic skills and
                                                                                             graphs, maps, surveys,
                                                      values, practice civic
                                                                                             political cartoons.
6                                                     discourse, vote and        6.1.1.1.2
                                                      participate in
                                                      elections, apply
                                                      inquiry and analysis
                                                      skills and take action
                                                      to solve problems and
                                                      shape public policy.
                                                                                             Address a state or local
                                                      1. Democratic                          policy issue by identifying
    1. Citizenship and Government




                                                      government depends                     key opposing positions,
                                                      on informed and                        determining conflicting
                                                      engaged citizens who                   values and beliefs,
                                    1. Civic Skills




                                                      exhibit civic skills and               defending and justifying a
                                                      values, practice civic                 position with evidence, and
6                                                     discourse, vote and        6.1.1.1.3   developing strategies to
                                                      participate in                         persuade others to adopt
                                                      elections, apply                       this position.
                                                                                             For example: State and
                                                      inquiry and analysis
                                                                                             local policy issues—land
                                                      skills and take action
                                                                                             use, human services,
                                                      to solve problems and
                                                                                             hunting or fishing
                                                      shape public policy.
                                                                                             regulations, school levy,
                                                                                             labor unions.
                                                                                                                               Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                       Standard              Code                  Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                   Understand that…                              (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                                                      Describe the establishment
                                                                                                                      and expansion of rights over
              1. Citizenship and Government


                                              3. Rights and Responsibilities
                                                                                                                      time, including the impact of
                                                                                                                      key court cases, state
                                                                                                                      legislation and constitutional
                                                                                                                      amendments.
                                                                                5. Individuals in a
                                                                               republic have rights,
6                                                                                                         6.1.3.5.1
                                                                               duties and
                                                                                                                      For example: Key court
                                                                               responsibilities.
                                                                                                                      cases and state
                                                                                                                      legislation—the Minnesota
                                                                                                                      Human Rights Law, Brown
                                                                                                                      v. Board of Education,
                                                                                                                      Miranda v. Arizona.

                                                                                                                      Define citizenship in the
                                               Responsibilitie
                                               1. Citizenship


                                               3. Rights and
                                                Government




                                                                                                                      United States and explain
                                                                               6. Citizenship and its
                                                                                                                      that individuals become
                                                    and




6                                                                              rights and duties are      6.1.3.6.1
                                                      s




                                                                                                                      citizens by birth or
                                                                               established by law.
                                                                                                                      naturalization.
    4. Governmental Institutions and Political




                                                                                                                      Explain the relationship
                                                                               7. The United States
                                                                                                                      among the three branches
                                                                               government has
              1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                                                                      of government: making laws
                                                                               specific functions that
                                                                                                                      by the legislative branch,
                                                                               are determined by the
                                                                                                                      implementing and enforcing
                                                                               way that power is
                                                                                                                      laws by the executive
                 Processes




                                                                               delegated and
                                                                                                                      branch, and interpreting
                                                                               controlled among
6                                                                                                         6.1.4.7.1   laws by the judicial branch.
                                                                               various bodies: the
                                                                               three levels (federal,
                                                                               state, local) and the
                                                                               three branches
                                                                               (legislative, executive,
                                                                               judicial) of
                                                                               government.
                                                                                                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                                                                    Standard              Code                 Benchmark          Expo-    Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                                                                Understand that…                             (Curriculum)        sure                              Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                                                                                                   Define federalism and


                                    4. Governmental Institutions and Political 4. Governmental Institutions and Political
                                                                                                                            7. The United States
                                                                                                                                                                   describe the relationship
                                                                                                                            government has
    1. Citizenship and Government

                                                                                                                                                                   between the powers of the
                                                                                                                            specific functions that
                                                                                                                                                                   federal and state
                                                                                                                            are determined by the
                                                                                                                                                                   governments.
                                                                                                                            way that power is
                                                                                            Processes

                                                                                                                            delegated and
                                                                                                                            controlled among
6                                                                                                                                                      6.1.4.7.2
                                                                                                                            various bodies: the
                                                                                                                            three levels (federal,
                                                                                                                            state, local) and the
                                                                                                                            three branches
                                                                                                                            (legislative, executive,
                                                                                                                            judicial) of
                                                                                                                            government.
                                                                                                                                                                   Identify the purpose of
                                                                                                                            7. The United States                   Minnesota's Constitution;
                                                                                                                            government has
    1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                                                                                                                   explain how the Minnesota
                                                                                                                            specific functions that                Constitution organizes
                                                                                                                            are determined by the                  government and protects
                                                                                                                            way that power is                      rights.
                                                 Processes




                                                                                                                            delegated and
                                                                                                                            controlled among
6                                                                                                                                                      6.1.4.7.3
                                                                                                                            various bodies: the
                                                                                                                            three levels (federal,
                                                                                                                            state, local) and the
                                                                                                                            three branches
                                                                                                                            (legislative, executive,
                                                                                                                            judicial) of
                                                                                                                            government.
                                                                                                                                  Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                         Standard              Code                 Benchmark             Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                     Understand that…                             (Curriculum)           sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                                                        Identify the major state and


                                    4. Governmental Institutions and Political
                                                                                 7. The United States                   local (county, city, school
                                                                                 government has                         board, township)
    1. Citizenship and Government


                                                                                 specific functions that                governmental offices;
                                                                                 are determined by the                  describe the primary duties
                                                                                 way that power is                      associated with them.
                                                 Processes


                                                                                 delegated and
                                                                                                                        For example: State
                                                                                 controlled among
6                                                                                                           6.1.4.7.4   governmental
                                                                                 various bodies: the
                                                                                                                        offices—attorney general,
                                                                                 three levels (federal,
                                                                                                                        secretary of state. Local
                                                                                 state, local) and the
                                                                                                                        governmental offices—city
                                                                                 three branches
                                                                                                                        council, county board.
                                                                                 (legislative, executive,
                                                                                 judicial) of
                                                                                 government.

                                                                                                                        Describe how laws are
                                    4. Governmental Institutions and Political




                                                                                 7. The United States                   created; explain the
                                                                                 government has
    1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                                                                        differences between civil
                                                                                 specific functions that                and criminal law; give
                                                                                 are determined by the                  examples of federal, state
                                                                                 way that power is                      and example: Federal
                                                                                                                        For local laws.
                                                 Processes




                                                                                 delegated and
                                                                                 controlled among                       laws—immigration. State
6                                                                                                           6.1.4.7.5   laws—drivers’ licenses. City
                                                                                 various bodies: the
                                                                                 three levels (federal,                 ordinances—gun control.
                                                                                 state, local) and the
                                                                                 three branches
                                                                                 (legislative, executive,
                                                                                 judicial) of
                                                                                 government.
                                                                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                                   Standard              Code                  Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                               Understand that…                              (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                                                                  Describe the goals,
                                                                                                                                  offenses, penalties, long-
                                                                                                                                  term consequences, and
                                                                                                                                  privacy concerns of
                                                                                                                                  Minnesota's juvenile justice
                                    4. Governmental Institutions and Political Processes

                                                                                                                                  system.
                                                                                                                                  For example: Juvenile
                                                                                                                                  status offenses (laws that
                                                                                           7. The United States                   regulate behavior because
                                                                                           government has
    1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                                                                                  the offender is under
                                                                                           specific functions that                age)—truancy, tobacco use
                                                                                           are determined by the                  by minor, curfew violations.
                                                                                           way that power is                      Goal—rehabilitation. (The
                                                                                           delegated and                          adult system is more
                                                                                           controlled among                       punitive.)
6                                                                                                                     6.1.4.7.6
                                                                                           various bodies: the                    Penalties—treatment,
                                                                                           three levels (federal,                 restorative justice,
                                                                                           state, local) and the                  probation, deferred penalty.
                                                                                           three branches                         (Adult penalties are primarily
                                                                                           (legislative, executive,               fines and incarceration.)
                                                                                           judicial) of                           Long-term
                                                                                           government.                            consequences—go beyond
                                                                                                                                  penalties imposed by the
                                                                                                                                  court system and predict
                                                                                                                                  future problems with the
                                                                                                                                  law. Privacy
                                                                                                                                  concerns—Juvenile
                                                                                                                                  proceedings are not open to
                                                                                                                                  the public. (Adult trials are
                                                                                                                                  public.)
                                                                                                                                                                    Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                                                           Standard              Code                 Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                                                       Understand that…                             (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)



                                         4. Governmental Institutions 4. Governmental Institutions and Political
                                                                                                                                                          Compare and contrast the
                                                                                                                   7. The United States
                                                                                                                                                          basic structures, functions
                                                                                                                   government has
         1. Citizenship and Government

                                                                                                                                                          and ways of funding state
                                                                                                                   specific functions that
                                                                                                                                                          and local governments.
                                                                                                                   are determined by the
                                                                                                                   way that power is                      For example: Property tax
                                                                                                                                                          funds local government
                                                                                   Processes

                                                                                                                   delegated and
                                                                                                                   controlled among                       (schools, parks, city streets).
6                                                                                                                                             6.1.4.7.7   Sales and income tax funds
                                                                                                                   various bodies: the
                                                                                                                   three levels (federal,                 state government (State
                                                                                                                   state, local) and the                  Patrol, Department of
                                                                                                                   three branches                         Natural Resources). Fees
                                                                                                                   (legislative, executive,               fund parks.
                                                                                                                   judicial) of
                                                                                                                   government.

                                                                                                                   11. The United States                  Explain the concept of
                                            and Political Processes




                                                                                                                   establishes and                        sovereignty and how treaty
    1. Citizenship and




                                                                                                                   maintains                              rights are exercised by the
       Government




                                                                                                                   relationships and                      Anishinaabe and Dakota
                                                                                                                   interacts with             6.1.4.11.   today.
6                                                                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                   indigenous nations                     For example: Organization
                                                                                                                   and other sovereign                    of tribal government, gaming
                                                                                                                   nations, and plays a                   rights, hunting and fishing
                                                                                                                   key role in world                      rights.
                                                                                                                   affairs.
                                                                                                                   1. People make                         Create a budget based on a
                                                             1. Economic Reasoning Skills




                                                                                                                   informed economic                      given monthly income, real-
                                                                                                                   choices by identifying                 world expenses, and
                                                                                                                   their goals,                           personal preferences,
         2. Economics




                                                                                                                   interpreting and                       including enough savings to
                                                                                                                   applying data,                         meet an identified future
6                                                                                                                  considering the short-     6.2.1.1.1   savings goal.
                                                                                                                   and long-run costs
                                                                                                                   and benefits of
                                                                                                                   alternative choices
                                                                                                                   and revising their
                                                                                                                   goals based on their
                                                                                                                   analysis.
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                     Standard            Code                 Benchmark           Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                 Understand that…                           (Curriculum)         sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Describe various types of
                                                                                  income including wage, rent,
                                             2. Personal and
                                                                                  interest and profit; explain
                                             financial goals can be
                   2. Personal Finance                                            the role that the
                                             achieved by applying
                                                                                  development of human
    2. Economics




                                             economic concepts
                                                                                  capital plays in determining
                                             and principles to
                                                                                  one's income.
6                                            personal financial       6.2.2.2.1
                                                                                  For example : Consider
                                             planning, budgeting,
                                                                                  examples of Minnesota
                                             spending, saving,
                                                                                  entrepreneurs, wages of
                                             investing, borrowing
                                                                                  various careers available in
                                             and insuring
                                                                                  Minnesota, and the
                                             decisions.
                                                                                  education or training
                                                                                  required for those careers.
                                                                                  Describe the movement of
                                             5. Individuals,                      goods and services,
                                             businesses and                       resources and money
                                             governments interact                 through markets in a market-
                   3. Fundamental Concepts




                                             and exchange goods,                  based economy.
                                             services and
    2. Economics




                                                                                  For example: Circular flow
                                             resources in different
                                                                                  model with households and
                                             ways and for different
6                                                                     6.2.3.5.1   businesses—The Mayo
                                             reasons; interactions
                                                                                  Clinic hires a doctor who
                                             between buyers and
                                                                                  uses her income to pay for
                                             sellers in a market
                                                                                  auto repairs by a small
                                             determines the price
                                                                                  business which then pays its
                                             and quantity
                                                                                  mechanic who in turn uses
                                             exchanged of a good,
                                                                                  his income to buy Mayo
                                             service or resource.
                                                                                  Clinic medical services.
                                                                                                Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                       Standard              Code                 Benchmark           Expo-    Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                   Understand that…                             (Curriculum)         sure                              Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                      Explain why federal and
                                                                                      state governments regulate
                                                                                      economic activity to promote
                                                                                      public well-being.

                                                                                      For example:
                                                                                      Regulations—environmental
                                                                                      (Environmental Protection
                   4. Microeconomic concepts




                                               8. Market failures                     Agency, Minnesota Pollution
                                               occur when markets                     Control Agency), health
    2. Economics




                                               fail to allocate                       (Food and Drug
                                               resources efficiently or               Administration), worker
6                                                                         6.2.4.8.1   safety regulations
                                               meet other goals, and
                                               this often leads to                    (Occupational Safety and
                                               government attempts                    Health Administration);
                                               to correct the problem.                banking (Federal Deposit
                                                                                      Insurance Corporation) and
                                                                                      business oversight
                                                                                      (Securities and Exchange
                                                                                      Commission, Federal Trade
                                                                                      Commission), wildlife
                                                                                      preservation (Department of
                                                                                      Natural Resources); anti-
                                                                                      trust laws to promote
                                                                                      competition.
                                                                                      Create and use various
                                                                                      kinds of maps, including
                                                                                      overlaying thematic maps,
                                                                                      of places in Minnesota;
                                               1. People use                          incorporate the “TODALSS”
                   1. Geospatial Skills




                                               geographic                             map basics, as well as
    3. Geography




                                               representations and                    points, lines and colored
                                               geospatial                             areas to display spatial
6                                              technologies to            6.3.1.1.1   information.
                                               acquire, process and
                                               report information                     For example: “TODALSS”
                                               within a spatial                       map basics—title,
                                               context.                               orientation, date, author,
                                                                                      legend/ key, source, and
                                                                                      scale. Spatial information--
                                                                                      cities, roads, boundaries,
                                                                                      bodies of water, regions.
                                                                                                         Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                Standard              Code                  Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                            Understand that…                              (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                               Locate, identify and
                                                                                               describe major physical
                                                                                               features in Minnesota;
                                                                                               explain how physical
                                                                                               features and the location of
                                                                                               resources affect settlement
                        3. Human Systems


                                                                                               patterns and the growth of
                                                        6. Geographic factors
    3. Geography




                                                                                               cities in different parts of
                                                        influence the
                                                                                               Minnesota.
                                                        distribution, functions,
6                                                                                  6.3.3.6.1
                                                        growth and patterns
                                                                                               For example: Physical
                                                        of cities and other
                                                                                               features—ecosystems,
                                                        human settlements.
                                                                                               topographic features,
                                                                                               continental divides, river
                                                                                               valleys, cities, communities
                                                                                               and reservations of
                                                                                               Minnesota’s indigenous
                                                                                               people.

                                                                                               Describe how land was
                                                                                               used during different time
                   4. Human Environment




                                                                                               periods in Minnesota
    3. Geography




                                                        10. The meaning, use,                  history; explain how and
                        Interaction




                                                        distribution and                       why land use has changed
                                                                                   6.3.4.10.
6                                                       importance of                  1       over time.
                                                        resources changes                      For example: Land use
                                                        over time.                             might include agriculture,
                                                                                               settlement, suburbanization,
                                                                                               recreation, industry.

                                                        2. Historical inquiry is               Pose questions about a
                        1. Historical Thinking Skills




                                                        a process in which                     topic in Minnesota history,
                                                        multiple sources and                   gather a variety of primary
                                                        different kinds of                     and secondary sources
    4. History




                                                        historical evidence are                related to questions,
6                                                                                  6.4.1.2.1   analyze sources for
                                                        analyzed to draw
                                                        conclusions about                      credibility, identify possible
                                                        what happened in the                   answers, use evidence to
                                                        past, and how and                      draw conclusions, and
                                                        why it happened.                       present supported findings.
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                      Standard        Code             Benchmark           Expo-           Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                 Understand that…                    (Curriculum)         sure                                     Achievement (Assessment)
                                            15. North America was           Compare and contrast the
                                            populated by                    Dakota and Anishinaabe
                                            indigenous nations              nations prior to 1800;
                 4. United States History   that had developed a            describe their interactions
                                            wide range of social            with each other and other
    4. History




                                            structures, political           indigenous peoples. (Before
                                                                  6.4.4.15. European Contact)
6                                           systems and               1
                                            economic activities,
                                            and whose expansive
                                            trade networks
                                            extended across the
                                            continent. (Before
                                            European Contact)
                                                                                  Describe European
                                            16. Rivalries among
                                                                                  exploration, competition and
                                            European nations and
                                                                                  trade in the upper
                                            their search for new
                                                                                  Mississippi River region;
                                            opportunities fueled
                                                                                  describe varied interactions
                                            expanding global
                                                                                  between Minnesota’s
                                            trade networks and, in
                                                                                  indigenous peoples and
                                            North America,
                                                                                  Europeans in the
                                            colonization and
                                                                                  seventeenth and eighteenth
                                            settlement and the
                 4. United States History




                                                                                  centuries. (Colonization and
                                            exploitation of
                                                                                  Settlement: 1585-1763)
                                            indigenous peoples                    For example: The role of
    4. History




                                            and lands; colonial                   missionaries, the
                                                                      6.4.4.16.
6                                           development evoked            1
                                                                                  transmission of diseases,
                                            varied responses by                   the domino effect of people
                                            indigenous nations,                   being pushed further west
                                            and produced regional                 due to the fur trade in Great
                                            societies and                         Lakes region.
                                            economies that
                                            included imported
                                            slave labor and
                                            distinct forms of local
                                            government.
                                            (Colonization and
                                            Settlement: 1585-
                                            1763)
                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard              Code                 Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                             (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                   Describe how and why the
                                                                                   United States claimed and
                                                                                   settled the upper Mississippi
                                            18. Economic                           River region in the early
                                            expansion and the                      nineteenth century; explain
                                            conquest of                            the impact of steamboat
                                            indigenous and                         transportation and
                 4. United States History




                                            Mexican territory                      settlement on the physical,
                                            spurred the                            social and cultural
                                            agricultural and                       landscapes. (Expansion and
    4. History




                                            industrial growth of the   6.4.4.18.   Reform: 1792-1861)
6                                                                          1
                                            United States; led to                  For example: Louisiana
                                            increasing regional,                   Purchase in 1803, changing
                                            economic and ethnic                    relationships between the
                                            divisions; and inspired                United States and Dakota
                                            multiple reform                        and Anishinaabe, competing
                                            movements.                             concepts of land use,
                                            (Expansion and                         ownership and gender roles,
                                            Reform: 1792-1861)                     transport of immigrants and
                                                                                   freight by steamboat.


                                                                                   Analyze how and why the
                                            18. Economic
                                                                                   United States and the
                                            expansion and the
                                                                                   Dakota and Anishinaabe
                                            conquest of
                                                                                   negotiated treaties; describe
                                            indigenous and
                                                                                   the consequences of
                 4. United States History




                                            Mexican territory
                                                                                   treaties on the Anishinaabe,
                                            spurred the
                                                                                   Dakota and settlers in the
                                            agricultural and
    4. History




                                                                                   upper Mississippi River
                                            industrial growth of the   6.4.4.18.
6                                                                          2
                                                                                   region. (Expansion and
                                            United States; led to
                                                                                   Reform: 1792-1861)
                                            increasing regional,
                                            economic and ethnic
                                            divisions; and inspired
                                            multiple reform
                                            movements.
                                            (Expansion and
                                            Reform: 1792-1861)
                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard              Code                  Benchmark           Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                              (Curriculum)         sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                            18. Economic                           Describe the process of how
                                            expansion and the                      Minnesota became a
                                            conquest of                            territory and state; identify
                 4. United States History   indigenous and                         the key events, individuals
                                            Mexican territory                      and groups involved in the
                                            spurred the                            process. (Expansion and
                                            agricultural and                       Reform: 1792-1861)
    4. History




                                            industrial growth of the   6.4.4.18.   For example: census,
6                                                                          3
                                            United States; led to                  Territorial congress, writing
                                            increasing regional,                   a state constitution, Pierre
                                            economic and ethnic                    “Pig’s Eye” Parrant, Henry
                                            divisions; and inspired                Sibley, Alexander Ramsey.
                                            multiple reform
                                            movements.
                                            (Expansion and
                                            Reform: 1792-1861)
                                                                                   Explain the causes of the
                                            19. Regional tensions                  Civil War; describe how the
                                            around economic                        debate over slavery and
                                            development, slavery,                  abolition played out in
                                            territorial expansion                  Minnesota. (Civil War and
                                            and governance                         Reconstruction: 1850-1877)
                                            resulted in a civil war
                 4. United States History




                                            and a period of                        For example: Events related
                                            Reconstruction that                    to debate over
                                            led to the abolition of                slavery—Dred Scott at Fort
    4. History




                                            slavery, a more            6.4.4.19.   Snelling, role of free blacks
6                                                                          1       in early Minnesota.
                                            powerful federal
                                            government, a
                                            renewed push into
                                            indigenous nations’
                                            territory and
                                            continuing conflict
                                            over racial relations.
                                            (Civil War and
                                            Reconstruction: 1850-
                                            1877)
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark             Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)           sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Create a timeline of the key
                                                                                  events of the American Civil
                                                                                  War; describe the war-time
                                                                                  experiences of Minnesota
                                                                                  soldiers and civilians. (Civil
                                                                                  War and Reconstruction:
                 4. United States History


                                                                                  1850-1877)
    4. History




                                                                      6.4.4.19.
6
                                            19. Regional tensions         2
                                            around economic
                                            development, slavery,
                                            territorial expansion
                                            and governance
                                            resulted in a civil war
                                            and a period of
                                            Reconstruction that
                                            led to the abolition of
                                            slavery, a more
                                            powerful federal                      Explain reasons for the
                                            government, a                         United States-Dakota War
                                            renewed push into                     of 1862; compare and
                                            indigenous nations’                   contrast the perspectives of
                                            territory and                         settlers and Dakota people
                                            continuing conflict                   before, during and after the
                 4. United States History




                                            over racial relations.                war. (Civil War and
                                            (Civil War and                        Reconstruction: 1850-1877)
    4. History




                                            Reconstruction: 1850-
                                            1877)                     6.4.4.19.
6                                                                         3
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark           Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)         sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Analyze how the rise of big
                                            20. As the United                     business, the growth of
                                            States shifted from its               industry, the use of natural
                 4. United States History   agrarian roots into an                resources, and
                                            industrial and global                 technological innovation
                                            power, the rise of big                influenced Minnesota's
                                            business, urbanization                economy from 1860 to 1920.
    4. History




                                            and immigration led to    6.4.4.20.   (Development of an
6                                                                         1
                                            institutionalized                     Industrial United States:
                                            racism, ethnic and                    1870-1920) Technological
                                                                                  For example:
                                            class conflict and new                innovation—Improved
                                            efforts at reform.                    ground and water
                                            (Development of an                    transportation increased
                                            Industrial United                     commerce.
                                            States: 1870-1920)

                                                                                  Analyze the causes and
                                            20. As the United                     impact of migration and
                                            States shifted from its               immigration on Minnesota
                                            agrarian roots into an                society during the late
                 4. United States History




                                            industrial and global                 nineteenth and early
                                            power, the rise of big                twentieth centuries.
                                            business, urbanization                (Development of an
    4. History




                                            and immigration led to    6.4.4.20.   Industrial United States:
6                                                                         2       1870-1920)
                                            institutionalized
                                            racism, ethnic and                    For example: Establishment
                                            class conflict and new                of ethnic communities and
                                            efforts at reform.                    neighborhoods, shifting
                                            (Development of an                    political power, language
                                            Industrial United                     barriers.
                                            States: 1870-1920)
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                  Benchmark             Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                             (Curriculum)           sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Describe the effects of
                                            20. As the United                     reform movements on the
                                            States shifted from its               political and social culture of
                 4. United States History   agrarian roots into an                Minnesota in the early
                                            industrial and global                 twentieth century.
                                            power, the rise of big                (Development of an
                                            business, urbanization
    4. History




                                                                                  Industrial United States:
                                            and immigration led to    6.4.4.20.
                                                                                  1870-1920) Labor unions,
6                                                                         3       For example:
                                            institutionalized
                                            racism, ethnic and                    Socialists, Progressive
                                            class conflict and new                Movement, women’s
                                            efforts at reform.                    suffrage.
                                            (Development of an
                                            industrial United
                                            States: 1870-1920)

                                                                                  Describe Minnesota and
                                            20. As the United                     federal American Indian
                                            States shifted from its               policy of the late nineteenth
                                            agrarian roots into an                and twentieth centuries and
                 4. United States History




                                            industrial and global                 its impact on Anishinaabe
                                            power, the rise of big                and Dakota people,
                                            business, urbanization                especially in the areas of
    4. History




                                            and immigration led to    6.4.4.20.   education, land ownership
6                                                                         4
                                            institutionalized                     and citizenship.
                                            racism, ethnic and                    (Development of an
                                            class conflict and new                industrial United States:
                                            efforts at reform.                    1870-1920)
                                            (Development of an
                                            industrial United
                                            States: 1870-1920)
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                  Benchmark         Expo-     Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                             (Curriculum)       sure                               Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Describe the political and
                                            20. As the United                     social culture of Minnesota
                                            States shifted from its               during World War I and how
                 4. United States History   agrarian roots into an                it affected Minnesotans.
                                            industrial and global                 (Development of an
                                            power, the rise of big                Industrial United States:
                                            business, urbanization                1870-1920)
    4. History




                                                                                  For example: Temperance
                                            and immigration led to    6.4.4.20.
                                                                                  Movement, persecution of
6                                                                         5
                                            institutionalized                     Germans in Minnesota,
                                            racism, ethnic and                    Minnesota National Guard,
                                            class conflict and new                Commission of Public
                                            efforts at reform.                    Safety, Non-partisan
                                            (Development of an                    League.
                                            industrial United
                                            States: 1870-1920)

                                                                                  Describe how the major
                                                                                  cultural and social
                                            21. The economic
                                                                                  transformations of the 1920s
                                            growth, cultural
                                                                                  changed the lifestyle of
                                            innovation and
                                                                                  Minnesotans. (The Great
                                            political apathy of the
                                                                                  Depression and World War
                 4. United States History




                                            1920s ended in the
                                                                                  II: 1920-1945)
                                            Great Depression
                                            which spurred new                     For example: Arts,
    4. History




                                            forms of government       6.4.4.21.   literature, entertainment,
6
                                            intervention and              1       popular culture, gender
                                            renewed labor                         roles, Prohibition, the Duluth
                                            activism, followed by                 lynchings, the farm crisis.
                                            World War II and an
                                            economic resurgence.
                                            (Great Depression and
                                            World War II: 1920-
                                            1945)
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Describe political and social
                                                                                  impact of the Great
                                            21. The economic                      Depression and New Deal in
                                            growth, cultural                      Minnesota, including the
                                            innovation and                        increased conflict between
                                            political apathy of the               big business and organized
                 4. United States History


                                            1920s ended in the                    labor. (The Great
                                            Great Depression                      Depression and World War
                                            which spurred new                     II: 1920-1945)
    4. History




                                            forms of government       6.4.4.21.   For example: Trucker’s
6                                                                         2
                                            intervention and                      Strike, Citizen’s Alliance,
                                            renewed labor                         New Deal Programs
                                            activism, followed by                 (Civilian Conservation Corps
                                            World War II and an                   camps, Works Progress
                                            economic resurgence.                  Administration art programs,
                                            (Great Depression and                 National Youth Association
                                            World War II: 1920-                   roadside attraction
                                            1945)                                 construction), formation of
                                                                                  the Farmer-Labor Party.

                                                                                  Create a timeline of key
                                                                                  events leading to World War
                                            21. The economic
                                                                                  II; describe how
                                            growth, cultural
                                                                                  Minnesotans influenced,
                                            innovation and
                                                                                  and were influenced by, the
                                            political apathy of the
                                                                                  debates over United States
                 4. United States History




                                            1920s ended in the
                                                                                  involvement. (The Great
                                            Great Depression
                                                                                  Depression and World War
                                            which spurred new
    4. History




                                                                                  II: 1920-1945)
                                            forms of government       6.4.4.21.
6                                                                         3
                                                                                  For example: America First,
                                            intervention and
                                                                                  Charles Lindbergh, German-
                                            renewed labor
                                                                                  American loyalty.
                                            activism, followed by
                                            World War II and an
                                            economic resurgence.
                                            (Great Depression and
                                            World War II: 1920-
                                            1945)
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark             Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)           sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Identify contributions of
                                            21. The economic                      Minnesota and its people to
                                            growth, cultural                      World War II; describe the
                                            innovation and                        impact of the war on the
                                            political apathy of the               home front and Minnesota
                 4. United States History

                                            1920s ended in the                    society after the war. (The
                                            Great Depression                      Great Depression and
                                            which spurred new                     World War II: 1920-1945)
    4. History




                                            forms of government       6.4.4.21.
6                                                                         4       For example: Fort Snelling,
                                            intervention and
                                            renewed labor                         Japanese Language School,
                                            activism, followed by                 SPAM, Iron Range mining
                                            World War II and an                   and steel production.
                                            economic resurgence.
                                            (Great Depression and
                                            World War II: 1920-
                                            1945)

                                                                                  Give examples of economic
                                            22. Post-World War II
                                                                                  changes in Minnesota
                                            United States was
                                                                                  during the Cold War era;
                                            shaped by an
                                                                                  describe the impact of these
                                            economic boom, Cold
                 4. United States History




                                                                                  changes on Minnesota’s
                                            War military
                                                                                  people. (Post-World War II
                                            engagements, politics
                                                                                  United States: 1945-1989)
    4. History




                                            and protests, and
                                                                      6.4.4.22.   For example: Growth of
6                                           rights movements to           1
                                            improve the status of                 suburbs, growth of
                                            racial minorities,                    Minnesota defense
                                            women and America’s                   industries.
                                            indigenous peoples.
                                            (Post-World War II
                                            United States: 1945-
                                            1989)
                                                                                  Describe civil rights and
                                                                                  conservation movements in
                                                                                  Post- World War II
                                            22. Post-World War II                 Minnesota, including the
                                            United States was                     role of Minnesota leaders.
                                            shaped by an                          (Post-World War II United
                                            economic boom, Cold                   States: 1945-1989)
                 ed States History




                                            War military
                                            engagements, politics
    4. History




                                            and protests, and
                                                                      6.4.4.22.
6                                           rights movements to           2
                                            improve the status of
               22. Post-World War II
               United States was                                                          Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub- shaped by an
                      Standard                                       Code                 Benchmark         Expo-     Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
                  Understand that…
         stran economic boom, Cold



                  4. United States History
     d                                                                                   (Curriculum)       sure                               Achievement (Assessment)
               War military                                                      For example:
               engagements, politics                                             Movements—Civil Rights
     4. History

               and protests, and                                                 Movement (Hubert H.
                                                                     6.4.4.22.
6              rights movements to                                       2       Humphrey, Eugene
               improve the status of                                             McCarthy, student takeover
               racial minorities,                                                of Morrill Hall at the
               women and America’s                                               University of Minnesota);
               indigenous peoples.                                               American Indian Movement;
               (Post-World War II                                                Women’s Rights Movement;
               United States: 1945-                                              Conservation Movement
               1989)                                                             (Ernest Oberholtzer,
                                                                                 Boundary Waters Canoe
                                                                                 Area).

                                                                                 Describe the response of
                                             22. Post-World War II               Minnesotans to global
                                             United States was                   conflicts and displaced
                                             shaped by an                        peoples since 1945. (Post-
                                             economic boom, Cold
                  4. United States History




                                                                                 World War II United States:
                                             War military                        1945-1989)
                                             engagements, politics               For example: World War II
     4. History




                                             and protests, and                   refugee resettlement,
                                                                     6.4.4.22.
6                                            rights movements to         3       Vietnam War, The Red Bulls
                                             improve the status of               National Guard, Center for
                                             racial minorities,                  Victims of Torture, post-
                                             women and America’s                 WWII refugee resettlement.
                                             indigenous peoples.
                                             (Post-World War II
                                             United States: 1945-
                                             1989)
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard              Code                  Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                              (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                   Identify the push-pull factors
                                            23. The end of the                     that bring the Hmong, East
                                            Cold War, shifting                     African, Hispanic, Asian
                                            geopolitical dynamics,                 Indian and other immigrants
                                            the intensification of                 and refugees to Minnesota;
                 4. United States History

                                            the global economy                     compare and contrast their
                                            and rapidly changing                   experiences with those of
    4. History




                                            technologies have                      earlier Minnesota immigrant
                                                                       6.4.4.23.   groups in the nineteenth and
6                                           given renewed                  1
                                            urgency to debates                     early twentieth centuries.
                                            about the United                       (The United States in a New
                                            States’ identity, values               Global Age: 1980-present)
                                            and role in the world.
                                            (The United States in
                                            a New Global Age:
                                            1980-present)
                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard              Code                  Benchmark          Expo-    Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                              (Curriculum)        sure                              Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                   Identify the major Minnesota
                                                                                   political figures, ideas and
                                                                                   industries that have shaped
                                                                                   or continue to shape
                                                                                   Minnesota and the United
                                                                                   States today. (The United
                                                                                   States in a New Global Age:
                                            23. The end of the                     1980-present)
                                            Cold War, shifting
                                                                                   For example: Minnesota
                                            geopolitical dynamics,
                                                                                   political figures—Hubert H.
                                            the intensification of
                 4. United States History




                                                                                   Humphrey, Walter Mondale,
                                            the global economy
                                                                                   Jesse Ventura. Minnesota
                                            and rapidly changing
                                                                                   ideas—rollerblades, Post-it
    4. History




                                            technologies have
                                                                       6.4.4.23.   Notes, thermostats.
6                                           given renewed                  2       Minnesota
                                            urgency to debates
                                                                                   industries—mining
                                            about the United
                                                                                   (taconite); forestry;
                                            States’ identity, values
                                                                                   technology/ health/
                                            and role in the world.
                                                                                   biosciences (3M, Medtronic,
                                            (The United States in
                                                                                   St. Jude Medical, Mayo
                                            a New Global Age:
                                                                                   Clinic, United Health
                                            1980-present)
                                                                                   Group); agriculture and
                                                                                   agribusiness (Cargill,
                                                                                   General Mills, Land O’
                                                                                   Lakes, Hormel Foods);
                                                                                   manufacturing (CHS Inc.,
                                                                                   Ecolab, Toro, Polaris); retail
                                                                                   (Dayton’s, Target
                                                                                   Corporation, Best Buy,
                                                                          Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
                                                         Grade 7: United States Studies (1800 to present)
Grade seven features history as the lead discipline with a strong secondary emphasis on citizenship and government. The interdisciplinary “Studies”
approach is further enhanced with important economics and geography content that round out the study of United States history. Students learn about
people, issues and events of significance to this nation’s history from 1800 to the current era of globalization. They examine the Declaration of
Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, and Supreme Court decisions for their lasting impact on the American people, economy and
governance structure. Students study civics and economic principles in depth, drawing connections between these disciplines and history to explain
the impact of various policies on how people lived, worked and functioned in society. They create and use detailed maps of places in the United
States and conduct historical inquiry on a topic in the nation’s history.
Gr Stran Sub-               Standard          Code               Benchmark             Expo-      Resources / Tools Used         Impact on Student
      d     stran      Understand that…                         (Curriculum)             sure                              Achievement (Assessment)
                                                       Exhibit civic skills including
                                                       participating in civic
                    1. Democratic                      discussion on issues in the
      1. Citizenship and Government




                    government depends                 contemporary United States,
                    on informed and                    demonstrating respect for
                    engaged citizens who               the opinions of people or
                                               1. Civic Skills




                    exhibit civic skills and           groups who have different
                    values, practice civic             perspectives, and reaching
 7                  discourse, vote and      7.1.1.1.1 consensus.
                    participate in
                                                       For example: Civic
                    elections, apply
                                                       skills—speaking, listening,
                    inquiry and analysis
                                                       respecting diverse
                    skills and take action
                                                       viewpoints, evaluating
                    to solve problems and
                                                       arguments. Controversial
                    shape public policy.
                                                       issues—First Amendment in
                                                       the school setting,
                                                       mandatory voting.
                                                       Identify examples of how
                    3. The United States
                                      2. Civic Values and Principles of




                                                       principles expressed in the
      1. Citizenship and Government




                    is based on
                                                       Declaration of
                    democratic values and
                                                       Independence and
                    principles that include
                                                       Preamble to the Constitution
                    liberty, individual
                                                 Democracy




                                                       have been applied
                    rights, justice,
                                                       throughout United States
 7                  equality, the rule of    7.1.2.3.1
                                                       history, including how they
                    law, limited
                                                       have evolved (if applicable)
                    government, common
                                                       over time.
                    good, popular
                                                       For example : Equality,
                    sovereignty, majority
                                                       liberty, First Amendment
                    rule and minority
                                                       rights, criminal rights, civil
                    rights.
                                                       rights.
                                                                                                                              Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                      Standard             Code                  Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                  Understand that…                             (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                                                    Explain landmark Supreme
                                                                                                                    Court decisions involving
         1. Citizenship and Government


                                             3. Rights and Responsibilities
                                                                                                                    the Bill of Rights and other
                                                                                                                    individual
                                                                                                                    protections; explain how
                                                                               5. Individuals in a                  these decisions helped
                                                                              republic have rights,                 define the scope and limits
7                                                                                                       7.1.3.5.1
                                                                              duties and                            of personal, political and
                                                                              responsibilities.                     economic rights.
                                                                                                                    For example: Brown v.
                                                                                                                    Board of Education, Tinker
                                                                                                                    v. Des Moines, Mapp v.
                                                                                                                    Ohio, Miranda v. Arizona.

                                                                                                                    Describe the components of
                                                                                                                    responsible citizenship
    1. Citizenship and



                                         Responsibilities




                                                                                                                    including informed voting
                                          3. Rights and
       Government




                                                                              6. Citizenship and its                and decision making,
7                                                                             rights and duties are     7.1.3.6.1   developing and defending
                                                                              established by law.                   positions on public policy
                                                                                                                    issues, and monitoring and
                                                                                                                    influencing public decision
                                                                                                                    making.
                                                                                                                    Compare and contrast the
    1. Citizenship and



                                         Responsibilities




                                                                                                                    rights and responsibilities of
                                          3. Rights and
       Government




                                                                               6. Citizenship and its               citizens, non-citizens and
7                                                                              rights and duties are    7.1.3.6.2   dual citizens.
                                                                                established by law.                 For example: Voting, paying
                                                                                                                    taxes, owning property.
                                                                                                                                 Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                                                        Standard              Code                 Benchmark               Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                                                    Understand that…                             (Curriculum)             sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                                                       Describe historical
                                                                                7. The United States
                                                                                                                       applications of the principle
                                                                                government has
                                             4. Governmental Institutions and
         1. Citizenship and Government

                                                                                                                       of checks and balances
                                                                                specific functions that
                                                                                                                       within the United States
                                                   Political Processes          are determined by the
                                                                                                                       government.
                                                                                way that power is
                                                                                delegated and                          For example: Johnson's
                                                                                controlled among                       impeachment, Roosevelt's
7                                                                                                          7.1.4.7.1
                                                                                various bodies: the                    court packing plan, War
                                                                                three levels (federal,                 Powers Resolution.
                                                                                state, local) and the
                                                                                three branches
                                                                                (legislative, executive,
                                                                                judicial) of
                                                                                government.
                                                                                                                       Analyze how the
                                             4. Governmental Institutions and




                                                                                                                       Constitution and the Bill of
         1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                                8. The primary                         Rights limits the government
                                                                                                                       and the governed, protects
                                                   Political Processes




                                                                                purposes of rules and
                                                                                laws within the United                 individual rights, supports
                                                                                States constitutional                  the principle of majority rule
7                                                                               government are to          7.1.4.8.1   while protecting the rights of
                                                                                protect individual                     the minority, and promotes
                                                                                rights, promote the                    the general welfare.
                                                                                general welfare and                    For example: Miranda v.
                                                                                provide order.                         Arizona, Ninth and Tenth
                                                                                                                       Amendments, Civil Rights
                                                                                                                       Act of 1964.
                                                                                                                       Describe the amendment
                                                                                8. The primary
                                         Institutions and Political




                                                                                                                       process and the impact of
                                                                                purposes of rules and
    1. Citizenship and

                                             4. Governmental




                                                                                                                       key constitutional
                                                                                laws within the United
       Government



                                                 Processes




                                                                                                                       amendments.
                                                                                States constitutional
7                                                                               government are to          7.1.4.8.2
                                                                                protect individual
                                                                                rights, promote the
                                                                                general welfare and
                                                                                provide order.
                                                                                                                       Analyze how changes in
                                         stitutions and Political




                                                                                                                       election processes over time
    1. Citizenship and

                                           4. Governmental




                                                                                10. Free and fair                      contributed to freer and
       Government



                                               Processes




                                                                                elections are key                      fairer elections.
                                                                                                           7.1.4.10.
7                                                                               elements of the United         1
                                                                                States political
                                                                                system.
                                         Institutions and Political
                                                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment


    1. Citizenship and

                                             4. Governmental
Gr Stran Sub- 10. Free and fair


       Government
                       Standard        Code               Benchmark            Expo-                                                                     Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student




                                                 Processes
     d   stran elections are key
                  Understand that…    7.1.4.10.          (Curriculum)          sure                                                                                               Achievement (Assessment)
7              elements of the United     1     For example: Fifteenth,
               States political                 Seventeenth, and
               system.                          Nineteenth Amendments;
                                                Voting Rights Act of 1965;
                                                redistricting.
                                                Describe diplomacy and
         1. Citizenship and Government

                                         5. Relationships of the United



               11. The United States
                                          States to other nations and


                                                other foreign policy tools;
               establishes and                  cite historical cases in which
               maintains                        the United States
                                                  organizations




               relationships and                government used these
               interacts with         7.1.5.11. tools.
7                                         1
               indigenous nations
               and other sovereign
               nations, and plays a
               key role in world
               affairs.

                                                                                                                    Apply reasoned decision-
                                                                                                                    making techniques in
                                                                               1. People make                       making choices; explain why
                                                   Economic Reasoning Skills




                                                                               informed economic                    different households or
                                                                               choices by identifying               groups faced with the same
                                                                               their goals,                         alternatives might make
         2. Economics




                                                                               interpreting and                     different choices.
                                                                               applying data,                       For example:
7                                                                              considering the short-   7.2.1.1.1   Techniques—PACED
                                                                               and long-run costs                   decision-making process
                                                                               and benefits of                      (Problem, Alternative,
                                                                               alternative choices                  Criteria, Evaluation,
                                                                               and revising their                   Decision), benefit-cost
                                                                               goals based on their                 analysis, marginal analysis,
                                                   1.




                                                                               analysis.                            consideration of sunk costs,
                                                                                                                    results of behavioral
                                                                                                                    economics.
                                                                                                                    Explain how items are
                                                                                                                    allocated or rationed when
                                                                                                                    scarcity exists.
                                                    3. Fundamental Concepts




                                                                               3. Because of scarcity
                                                                               individuals,
         2. Economics




                                                                               organizations and
                                                                               governments must
7                                                                                                       7.2.3.3.1
                                                                               evaluate trade-offs,
                                                                               make choices and
                                                                               incur opportunity
                                                                               costs.
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                       Standard          Code                  Benchmark          Expo-    Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                  Understand that…                           (Curriculum)        sure                              Achievement (Assessment)



                   3. Fundamental Concepts
                                             3. Because of scarcity               For example: Sugar,
                                             individuals,                         gasoline and other goods
    2. Economics

                                             organizations and                    rationed by coupons during
                                             governments must                     WWII; Social Security
7                                                                     7.2.3.3.1
                                             evaluate trade-offs,                 benefits rationed by
                                             make choices and                     personal characteristic
                                             incur opportunity                    (age); goods rationed by
                                             costs.                               “first-come, first-served”
                                                                                  policy in former Soviet
                                                                                  Union; many things rationed
                                                                                  by price.
                                                                                  Describe how the interaction
                                             5. Individuals,
                                                                                  of buyers (through demand)
                                             businesses and
                                                                                  and sellers (through supply)
                                             governments interact
                                                                                  determines price in a
                                             and exchange goods,
                                                                                  market.
                   4. Microeconomics




                                             services and                         For example: Cotton prices
    2. Economics




                                             resources in different               during the Civil War,
                                             ways and for different               Organization of Petroleum
7                                                                     7.2.4.5.1
                                             reasons; interactions                Exporting Countries (OPEC)
                                             between buyers and                   embargo in the 1970s.
                                             sellers in a market
                                             determines the price
                                             and quantity
                                             exchanged of a good,
                                             service or resource.

                                                                                  Describe profit as an
                                                                                  incentive for an individual to
                                                                                  take the risks associated
                                                                                  with creating and producing
                                                                                  new goods or starting a
                                                                                  business in an existing
                                             6. Profit provides an
                                                                                  market; give examples of
                                             incentive for
                                                                                  how the pursuit of profit can
                   4. Microeconomics




                                             individuals and
                                                                                  lead to undesirable, as well
    2. Economics




                                             businesses; different
                                                                                  as desirable, effects.
                                             business
7                                            organizations and        7.2.4.6.1
                                             market structures
                                             have an effect on the
                                             profit, price and
                                             production of goods
                                             and services.
               6. Profit provides an
               incentive for




                           4. Microeconomics
               individuals and
                                                                                                                      Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment


     2. Economics
               businesses; different
Gr Stran Sub-          Standard                                                                  Code                  Benchmark          Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
               business
     d            Understand that…
         stran organizations and                                                                                      (Curriculum)        sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
7                                                                                                7.2.4.6.1
                                                                                                             For example:
               market structures
                                                                                                             Individuals—Henry Ford
               have an effect on the
                                                                                                             (Ford Motor Company),
               profit, price and
                                                                                                             Oprah Winfrey, Bill Gates
               production of goods
                                                                                                             (Microsoft), Martha Stewart,
               and services.
                                                                                                             Mark Zuckerberg
                                                                                                             (Facebook). Undesirable
                                                                                                             effects—Ponzi schemes;
                                                                                                             exploitation of people, the
                                                                                                             environment, natural
                                                                                                             resources.
                                                                                                             Create and use various
                    1. Geospatial Skills—The World in Spatial Terms




                                                                                                             kinds of maps, including
                                                                                                             overlaying thematic maps,
                                                                                                             of places in the United
                                                                                                             States; incorporate the
                                                                      1. People use
                                                                                                             “TODALSS” map basics, as
                                                                      geographic
                                                                                                             well as points, lines and
     3. Geography




                                                                      representations and
                                                                                                             colored areas to display
                                                                      geospatial
                                                                                                             spatial information.
7                                                                     technologies to            7.3.1.1.1
                                                                      acquire, process and
                                                                                                             For example: “TODALSS”
                                                                      report information
                                                                                                             map basics—title,
                                                                      within a spatial
                                                                                                             orientation, date, author,
                                                                      context.
                                                                                                             legend/ key, source, and
                                                                                                             scale. Spatial
                                                                                                             information—cities, roads,
                                                                                                             boundaries, bodies of water,
                                                                                                             regions.
                                                                                                             Pose questions about a
                                                                                                             topic in United States
                           1. Historical Thinking Skills




                                                                      2. Historical inquiry is               history, gather and organize
                                                                      a process in which                     a variety of primary and
                                                                      multiple sources and                   secondary sources related
     4. History




                                                                      different kinds of                     to the questions, analyze
7                                                                     historical evidence are    7.4.1.2.1   sources for credibility and
                                                                      analyzed to draw                       bias; suggest possible
                                                                      conclusions about                      answers and write a thesis
                                                                      how and why things                     statement; use sources to
                                                                      happened in the past.                  draw conclusions and
                                                                                                             support the thesis; present
                                                                                                             supported findings, and cite
                                                                                                             sources.
                                                                                                  Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                            Standard           Code               Benchmark           Expo-      Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                       Understand that…                         (Curriculum)         sure                                Achievement (Assessment)
                                                  4. The differences and             Compare and contrast the



                 and Change Over Time
                  2. Peoples, Cultures
                                                  similarities of cultures           distribution and political
                                                  around the world are               status of indigenous
    4. History


                                                  attributable to their              populations in the United
7                                                 diverse origins and      7.4.2.4.1 States and Canada;
                                                  histories, and                     describe how their status
                                                  interactions with other            has evolved throughout the
                                                  cultures throughout                nineteenth and twentieth
                                                  time.                              centuries.
                                                  18. Economic                       Describe the processes that
                                                  expansion and the                  led to the territorial
                                                  conquest of                        expansion of the United
                                                  indigenous and                     States, including the
                       4. United States History




                                                  Mexican territory                  Louisiana Purchase and
                                                  spurred the                        other land purchases, wars
                                                  agricultural and                   and treaties with foreign and
    4. History




                                                  industrial growth of the 7.4.4.18. indigenous nations, and
7                                                                              1     annexation.(Expansion and
                                                  United States; led to
                                                  increasing regional,               Reform: 1792-1861)
                                                  economic and ethnic                For example: Tecumseh’s
                                                  divisions; and inspired            War, Adams-Onis Treaty of
                                                  multiple reform                    1819, Texas annexation,
                                                  movements.                         Oregon Trail, “Manifest
                                                  (Expansion and                     Destiny” concept
                                                  Reform: 1792-1861)
                                                  18. Economic                           Identify new technologies
                                                  expansion and the                      and innovations that
                                                  conquest of                            transformed the United
                                                  indigenous and                         States' economy and
                       4. United States History




                                                  Mexican territory                      society; explain how they
                                                  spurred the                            influenced political and
                                                  agricultural and                       regional development.
    4. History




                                                  industrial growth of the   7.4.4.18.   (Expansion and Reform:
7                                                                                2       1792-1861)
                                                  United States; led to
                                                  increasing regional,                   For example: Cotton gin,
                                                  economic and ethnic                    power loom, steam engine,
                                                  divisions; and inspired                railroad.
                                                  multiple reform
                                                  movements.
                                                  (Expansion and
                                                  Reform: 1792-1861)
                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard              Code                  Benchmark        Expo-      Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                              (Curriculum)      sure                                Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                   Identify causes and
                                            18. Economic                           consequences of
                                            expansion and the                      Antebellum reform
                                            conquest of                            movements including
                                            indigenous and                         abolition and women's
                 4. United States History

                                            Mexican territory                      rights. (Expansion and
                                            spurred the                            Reform: 1792-1861)
                                            agricultural and                       For example : Second
    4. History




                                            industrial growth of the   7.4.4.18.   Great Awakening,
7                                                                          3
                                            United States; led to                  Underground Railroad, 1848
                                            increasing regional,                   Seneca Falls convention,
                                            economic and ethnic                    Ten-Hour movement.
                                            divisions; and inspired
                                            multiple reform
                                            movements.
                                            (Expansion and
                                            Reform: 1792-1861)

                                                                                   Cite the main ideas of the
                                                                                   debate over slavery and
                                                                                   states' rights; explain how
                                                                                   they resulted in major
                 4. United States History




                                            19. Regional tensions
                                            around economic                        political compromises and,
                                            development, slavery,                  ultimately, war. (Civil War
    4. History




                                            territorial expansion                  and Reconstruction: 1850-
                                                                       7.4.4.19.   1877)
7                                           and governance                 1
                                            resulted in a Civil War                For example: Missouri
                                            and a period of                        Compromise, Nullification
                                            Reconstruction that                    Crisis, Compromise of 1850,
                                            led to the abolition of                Bleeding Kansas.
                                            slavery, a more
                                            powerful federal
                                            government, a
                                            renewed push into
                                            indigenous nations’
                                            territory and
                                            continuing conflict
                                            over racial relations.
                                            (Civil War and
                                            Reconstruction: 1850-
                                            1877)
               Reconstruction that
               led to the abolition of
               slavery, a more                                    Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub- powerful federal
                       Standard              Code                 Benchmark          Expo-    Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran government, a that…
                 Understand                                      (Curriculum)        sure                              Achievement (Assessment)
               renewed push into                         Outline the major political
               indigenous nations’                       and military events of the

                  4. United States History
               territory and                             Civil War; evaluate how
               continuing conflict                       economics and foreign and
     4. History



               over racial relations.                    domestic politics affected
               (Civil War and                7.4.4.19.   the outcome of the war.
7                                                2
               Reconstruction: 1850-                     (Civil War and
               1877)                                     Reconstruction: 1850-1877)
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark           Expo-    Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)         sure                              Achievement (Assessment)
                                            19. Regional tensions                 Describe the effects of the
                                            around economic                       Civil War on Americans in
                                            development, slavery,                 the north, south and west,
                                            territorial expansion                 including liberated African-
                                            and governance                        Americans, women, former
                                            resulted in a Civil War               slaveholders and indigenous
                 4. United States History



                                            and a period of                       peoples. (Civil War and
                                            Reconstruction that                   Reconstruction: 1850-1877)
                                            led to the abolition of
    4. History




                                                                                  For example:
                                            slavery, a more           7.4.4.19.   Reconstruction, Thirteenth,
7                                                                         3
                                            powerful federal                      Fourteenth and Fifteenth
                                            government, a                         Amendments, Black Codes,
                                            renewed push into                     sharecropping, National and
                                            indigenous nations’                   American Woman Suffrage
                                            territory and                         Associations, Homestead
                                            continuing conflict                   Act.
                                            over racial relations.
                                            (Civil War and
                                            Reconstruction: 1850-
                                            1877)
                                                                                  Explain the impact of the
                                                                                  United States Industrial
                                            20. As the United
                                                                                  Revolution on the
                                            States shifted from its
                                                                                  production, consumption
                                            agrarian roots into an
                                                                                  and distribution of goods.
                 4. United States History




                                            industrial and global
                                                                                  (Development of an
                                            power, the rise of big
                                                                                  Industrial United States:
                                            business, urbanization
    4. History




                                                                                  1870-1920)
                                                                                  For example: Iron and steel
                                            and immigration led to    7.4.4.20.
7                                                                         1       industries, transcontinental
                                            institutionalized
                                            racism, ethnic and                    railroad, electric lighting,
                                            class conflict and new                Sears Roebuck & Co.
                                            efforts at reform.
                                            (Development of an
                                            Industrial United
                                            States: 1870-1920)
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                  Benchmark           Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                             (Curriculum)         sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Analyze the consequences
                                                                                  of economic transformation
                                            20. As the United                     on migration, immigration,
                                            States shifted from its               politics and public policy at
                                            agrarian roots into an                the turn of the twentieth
                 4. United States History

                                            industrial and global                 century. (Development of an
                                            power, the rise of big                Industrial United States:
                                            business, urbanization
    4. History




                                                                                  1870-1920)
                                            and immigration led to    7.4.4.20.
7                                                                         2
                                            institutionalized                     For example: The “New
                                            racism, ethnic and                    Immigration” from Eastern
                                            class conflict and new                and Southern Europe,
                                            efforts at reform.                    “Great Migration” of African
                                            (Development of an                    Americans to the North,
                                            Industrial United                     Tammany Hall, Sherman
                                            States: 1870-1920)                    Anti-Trust Act.


                                                                                  Compare and contrast
                                                                                  reform movements at the
                                            20. As the United                     turn of the twentieth century.
                                            States shifted from its               (Development of an
                                            agrarian roots into an                Industrial United States:
                 4. United States History




                                            industrial and global                 1870-1920)
                                            power, the rise of big                For example: Progressivism
                                            business, urbanization
    4. History




                                                                                  (Civil Service reform,
                                            and immigration led to    7.4.4.20.   Settlement House
7                                                                         3
                                            institutionalized                     movement, National
                                            racism, ethnic and                    Consumers League,
                                            class conflict and new                muckrakers), American
                                            efforts at reform.                    Federation of Labor,
                                            (Development of an                    Populism, National
                                            Industrial United                     Association for the
                                            States: 1870-1920)                    Advancement of Colored
                                                                                  People (NAACP).
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                  Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                             (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Analyze the effects of
                                                                                  racism and legalized
                                                                                  segregation on American
                                                                                  society, including the
                                            20. As the United
                                                                                  compromise of 1876, the
                                            States shifted from its
                                                                                  rise of "Jim Crow,"
                                            agrarian roots into an
                                                                                  immigration restriction, and
                 4. United States History



                                            industrial and global
                                                                                  the relocation of American
                                            power, the rise of big
                                                                                  Indian tribes to reservations.
                                            business, urbanization
    4. History




                                                                                  (Development of an
                                            and immigration led to    7.4.4.20.
7                                                                         4       Industrial United States:
                                            institutionalized
                                                                                  1870-1920)
                                            racism, ethnic and
                                            class conflict and new
                                                                                  For example: Withdrawal of
                                            efforts at reform.
                                                                                  federal troops from the
                                            (Development of an
                                                                                  South in 1877, Southern
                                            Industrial United
                                                                                  “redeemer” governments,
                                            States: 1870-1920)
                                                                                  1892 Plessy v. Ferguson
                                                                                  decision, 1882 Chinese
                                                                                  Exclusion Act, 1887 Dawes
                                                                                  Allotment Act.
                                                                                  Describe the strategies used
                                            20. As the United                     by suffragists in their
                                            States shifted from its               campaigns to secure the
                                            agrarian roots into an                right to vote; identify the
                 4. United States History




                                            industrial and global                 Nineteenth Amendment.
                                            power, the rise of big                (Development of an
                                            business, urbanization                Industrial United States:
    4. History




                                            and immigration led to    7.4.4.20.   1870-1920) National
                                                                                  For example:
7
                                            institutionalized             5       American Woman Suffrage
                                            racism, ethnic and                    Association, National
                                            class conflict and new                Woman’s Party.
                                            efforts at reform.
                                            (Development of an
                                            Industrial United
                                            States: 1870-1920
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Evaluate the changing role
                                                                                  of the United States
                                            20. As the United
                                                                                  regarding its neighboring
                                            States shifted from its
                                                                                  regions and its expanding
                                            agrarian roots into an
                                                                                  sphere of influence around
                 4. United States History
                                            industrial and global
                                                                                  the world. (Development of
                                            power, the rise of big
                                                                                  an Industrial United States:
                                            business, urbanization
    4. History




                                                                                  1870-1920)
                                            and immigration led to    7.4.4.20.
7                                                                         6
                                                                                  For example: Spanish-
                                            institutionalized
                                                                                  American War, “Big Stick”
                                            racism, ethnic and
                                                                                  and Dollar Diplomacy,
                                            class conflict and new
                                                                                  annexation of Hawaii.
                                            efforts at reform.
                                            (Development of an
                                            Industrial United
                                            States: 1870-1920


                                                                                  Outline the causes and
                                                                                  conduct of World War I
                                                                                  including the nations
                                            20. As the United                     involved, major political and
                                            States shifted from its               military figures, and key
                                            agrarian roots into an                battles. (Development of an
                 4. United States History




                                            industrial and global                 Industrial United States:
                                            power, the rise of big                1870-1920)
                                            business, urbanization                For example: Submarine
    4. History




                                            and immigration led to    7.4.4.20.   warfare, the sinking of the
7                                                                         7
                                            institutionalized                     Lusitania , Zimmerman
                                            racism, ethnic and                    telegram, Russian
                                            class conflict and new                Revolution, collapse of the
                                            efforts at reform.                    Ottoman and Austro-
                                            (Development of an                    Hungarian empires, trench
                                            Industrial United                     warfare, First and Second
                                            States: 1870-1920                     Battles of the Somme,
                                                                                  Hundred Days Offensive,
                                                                                  Wilson, Pershing, Paris
                                                                                  Peace Conference.
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Identify the political impact
                                                                                  of World War I, including the
                                            20. As the United
                                                                                  formation of the League of
                                            States shifted from its
                                                                                  Nations and renewed United
                                            agrarian roots into an
                                                                                  States isolationism until
                 4. United States History
                                            industrial and global
                                                                                  World War II. (Development
                                            power, the rise of big
                                                                                  of an Industrial United
                                            business, urbanization
    4. History




                                                                                  States: 1870-1920)
                                            and immigration led to    7.4.4.20.
7                                                                         8
                                            institutionalized
                                                                                  For example: Senate
                                            racism, ethnic and
                                                                                  rejection of the Treaty of
                                            class conflict and new
                                                                                  Versailles, Red Scare,
                                            efforts at reform.
                                                                                  Industrial Workers of the
                                            (Development of an
                                                                                  World, American Civil
                                            Industrial United
                                                                                  Liberties Union, urban race
                                            States: 1870-1920
                                                                                  riots.

                                                                                  Identify causes of the Great
                                            21. The economic                      Depression and factors that
                                            growth, cultural                      led to an extended period of
                                            innovation and                        economic collapse in the
                                            political apathy of the               United States. (The Great
                 4. United States History




                                            1920s ended in the                    Depression and World War
                                            Great Depression                      II: 1920-1945)
                                            which spurred new
    4. History




                                            forms of government       7.4.4.21.
                                                                                  For example: Farm crisis,
7                                                                         1       overproduction, structural
                                            intervention and
                                            renewed labor                         weaknesses in United
                                            activism, followed by                 States economy, 1929 stock
                                            World War II and an                   market crash, bank failures,
                                            economic resurgence.                  monetary policies, mass
                                            (The Great                            unemployment, international
                                            Depression and World                  debt and European
                                            War II: 1920-1945)                    economic collapse, Dust
                                                                                  Bowl.
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                 Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                            (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Describe the impact of the
                                                                                  Great Depression on United
                                                                                  States society, including
                                            21. The economic
                                                                                  ethnic and racial minorities,
                                            growth, cultural
                                                                                  and how government
                                            innovation and
                                                                                  responded to events with
                                            political apathy of the
                                                                                  New Deal policies. (The
                 4. United States History



                                            1920s ended in the
                                                                                  Great Depression and
                                            Great Depression
                                                                                  World War II: 1920-1945)
                                            which spurred new
    4. History




                                            forms of government       7.4.4.21.
7                                                                         2       For example: Bonus Army,
                                            intervention and
                                                                                  “Okie” migration, bread lines
                                            renewed labor
                                                                                  and soup kitchens, labor
                                            activism, followed by
                                                                                  strikes, financial reforms,
                                            World War II and an
                                                                                  Works Progress
                                            economic resurgence.
                                                                                  Administration,
                                            (The Great
                                                                                  Reconstruction Finance
                                            Depression and World
                                                                                  Corporation, Tennessee
                                            War II: 1920-1945)
                                                                                  Valley Authority, Social
                                                                                  Security, the 1932 political
                                                                                  realignment.
                                                                                  Outline how the United
                                            21. The economic                      States mobilized its
                                            growth, cultural                      economic and military
                                            innovation and                        resources during World War
                                            political apathy of the               II; describe the impact of the
                 4. United States History




                                            1920s ended in the                    war on domestic affairs.
                                            Great Depression                      (The Great Depression and
                                            which spurred new                     World War II: 1920-1945)
    4. History




                                            forms of government       7.4.4.21.
7                                                                         3       For example: Industrial
                                            intervention and
                                            renewed labor                         mobilization, rationing,
                                            activism, followed by                 “Rosie the Riveter” and the
                                            World War II and an                   female labor force, Bracero
                                            economic resurgence.                  Program, uses of
                                            (The Great                            propaganda.
                                            Depression and World
                                            War II: 1920-1945)
                                                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard             Code                  Benchmark           Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                             (Curriculum)         sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                  Outline the causes and
                                            21. The economic                      conduct of World War II
                                            growth, cultural                      including the nations
                                            innovation and                        involved, major political and
                                            political apathy of the               military figures and key
                 4. United States History

                                            1920s ended in Great                  battles, and the Holocaust.
                                            Depression which                      (The Great Depression and
                                            spurred new forms of                  World War II: 1920-1945)
    4. History




                                            government                7.4.4.21.
7                                                                         4       For example: D-Day, Iwo
                                            intervention and
                                            renewed labor                         Jima, Guadalcanal,
                                            activism, followed by                 segregated military,
                                            World War II and an                   Japanese internment
                                            economic resurgence.                  camps, development and
                                            (The Great                            deployment of the atomic
                                            Depression and World                  bomb, Roosevelt, Churchill,
                                            War II: 1920-1945)                    Stalin.


                                                                                  Identify military and non-
                                            22. Post- World War II                military actions taken by the
                                            United States was                     United States during the
                                            shaped by an                          Cold War to resist the
                                            economic boom, Cold
                 4. United States History




                                                                                  spread of communism.
                                            War military                          (Post-World War II United
                                            engagements, politics                 States: 1945-1989)
    4. History




                                            and protests, and                     For example : Military
                                                                      7.4.4.22.
7                                           rights movements to           1       actions—Korean War,
                                            improve the status of                 Cuban Missile Crisis,
                                            racial minorities,                    Vietnam War. Non-military
                                            women and America’s                   actions— Marshall Plan,
                                            indigenous peoples.                   North Atlantic Treaty
                                            (Post-World War II                    Organization, the “Kitchen
                                            United States: 1945-                  Debate,” the Space Race.
                                            1989)

                                            22. Post- World War II                Analyze the social and
                                            United States was                     political effects of the Cold
                                            shaped by an                          War on the people of the
                                            economic boom, Cold                   United States. (Post-World
                 . United States History




                                            War military                          War II United States: 1945-
                                            engagements, politics                 1989)
    4. History




                                            and protests, and
                                                                      7.4.4.22.
7                                           rights movements to           2
                                            improve the status of
                                            racial minorities,
                                            women and America’s
               22. Post- World War II
               United States was
               shaped by an
               economic boom, Cold                                                         Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment




                  4. United States History
                      Standard
Gr Stran Sub- War military                                            Code                 Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d            Understand politics
         stran engagements, that…                                                         (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
     4. Historyand protests, and                                                  For example : Nuclear
                                                                      7.4.4.22.   preparedness, McCarthyism
7              rights movements to                                        2
               improve the status of                                              and the Hollywood blacklist,
               racial minorities,                                                 growth of the military-
               women and America’s                                                industrial complex, the anti-
               indigenous peoples.                                                nuclear and peace
               (Post-World War II                                                 movements.
               United States: 1945-
               1989)
                                                                                  Compare and contrast the
                                             22. Post- World War II
                                                                                  involvement and role of the
                                             United States was
                                                                                  United States in global
                                             shaped by an
                                                                                  conflicts and acts of
                                             economic boom, Cold
                  4. United States History




                                                                                  cooperation. (Post-World
                                             War military
                                                                                  War II United States: 1945-
                                             engagements, politics
                                                                                  1989)
     4. History




                                             and protests, and
                                                                      7.4.4.22.   For example:
7                                            rights movements to          3
                                             improve the status of                Conflicts—Guatemalan civil
                                             racial minorities,                   war, 1979 Iranian
                                             women and America’s                  Revolution,
                                             indigenous peoples.                  Cooperation—United
                                             (Post-World War II                   Nations, World Bank, United
                                             United States: 1945-                 States Agency for
                                             1989)                                International Development,
                                                                                  anti-apartheid movement.
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard            Code                 Benchmark          Expo-     Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                           (Curriculum)        sure                               Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                 Explain the economic boom
                                            22. Post- World War II               and social transformation
                                            United States was                    experienced by postwar
                                            shaped by an                         United States. (Post-World
                                            economic boom, Cold                  War II United States: 1945-
                 4. United States History

                                            War military                         1989)
                                            engagements, politics
    4. History




                                            and protests, and                    For example: Expanded
                                                                     7.4.4.22.
7                                           rights movements to          4
                                                                                 access to higher education,
                                            improve the status of                suburbanization, growth of
                                            racial minorities,                   the middle class,
                                            women and America’s                  domesticity and the Baby
                                            indigenous peoples.                  Boom, television, counter
                                            (Post-World War II                   culture, Moral Majority.
                                            United States: 1945-
                                            1989)

                                                                                 Describe the changing role
                                            22. Post- World War II               of the federal government in
                                            United States was                    reshaping post-war society.
                                            shaped by an                         (Post-World War II United
                                            economic boom, Cold                  States: 1945-1989)
                 4. United States History




                                            War military
                                            engagements, politics                For example: G.I. Bill, Fair
    4. History




                                            and protests, and                    Deal, New Frontier, Great
                                                                     7.4.4.22.
7                                           rights movements to          5
                                                                                 Society.
                                            improve the status of
                                            racial minorities,
                                            women and America’s
                                            indigenous peoples.
                                            (Post-World War II
                                            United States: 1945-
                                            1989)
                                                                                             Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
Gr Stran Sub-                                    Standard              Code                  Benchmark            Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
     d   stran                                Understand that…                              (Curriculum)          sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                   Compare and contrast the
                                            22. Post- World War II
                                                                                   goals and tactics of the Civil
                                            United States was
                                                                                   Rights Movement, the
                                            shaped by an
                                                                                   American Indian Movement,
                                            economic boom, Cold
                 4. United States History
                                                                                   and the Women's Rights
                                            War military
                                                                                   Movement; explain the
                                            engagements, politics
                                                                                   advantages and
    4. History




                                            and protests, and
                                                                       7.4.4.22.   disadvantages of non-
7                                           rights movements to            6       violent resistance. (Post-
                                            improve the status of
                                                                                   World War II United States:
                                            racial minorities,
                                                                                   1945-1989)
                                            women and America’s
                                            indigenous peoples.
                                            (Post-World War II
                                            United States: 1945-
                                            1989)
                                                                                   Describe how new
                                                                                   technologies have changed
                                            23. The end of the                     political, economic and
                                            Cold War, shifting                     social interactions. (The
                                            geopolitical dynamics,                 United States in a New
                                            the intensification of                 Global Age: 1980-present)
                 4. United States History




                                            the global economy                     For example: New
                                            and rapidly changing                   technologies—changes in
    4. History




                                            technologies have                      media (including
                                                                       7.4.4.23.
7                                           given renewed                  1       telecommunications),
                                            urgency to debates                     medicine, transportation,
                                            about the United                       agriculture.
                                            States’ identity, values
                                            and role in the world.
                                            (The United States in
                                            a New Global Age:
                                            1980-present)


                                                                                   Analyze the changing
                                            23. The end of the                     relations between the United
                                            Cold War, shifting                     States and other countries
                                            geopolitical dynamics,                 around the world in the
                                            the intensification of                 beginning of the twenty-first
                 nited States History




                                            the global economy                     century. (The United States
                                            and rapidly changing                   in a New Global Age: 1980-
    4. History




                                            technologies have                      present)
                                                                       7.4.4.23.
7                                           given renewed                  2
                                            urgency to debates
                                            about the United
               Cold War, shifting
               geopolitical dynamics,
               the intensification of




                  4. United States History
                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
               the global economy
                      Standard
Gr Stran Sub- and rapidly changing       Code              Benchmark             Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
                 Understand that…
     4. History
     d   stran technologies have                          (Curriculum)           sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                        7.4.4.23. For example: North
7              given renewed                2
               urgency to debates                 American Free Trade
               about the United                   Agreement, changing trade
               States’ identity, values           policies with China, conflicts
               and role in the world.             in the Middle East, support
               (The United States in              of developing nations in
               a New Global Age:                  Africa.
               1980-present)
                                                            Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
                                                                   Grade 8: Global Studies
Grade eight features geography as the lead discipline with a strong secondary emphasis on contemporary world history. Content drawn from
citizenship and government, and economics, enriches the study of world regional geography, and further develops the interdisciplinary “Studies”
approach. The Global Studies benchmarks pertain to four themes (listed below), offering students additional opportunities for integrated learning
experiences.
Students in Global Studies explore the regions of the world using geographic information from print and electronic sources. They analyze important
trends in the modern world such as demographic change, shifting trade patterns, and intensified cultural interactions due to globalization. Students
participate in civic discussion on contemporary issues, conduct historical inquiry and study events over the last half century that have shaped the
contemporary world. They analyze connections between revolutions, independence movements and social transformations, and understand reasons
for the creation of modern nation states. They learn that governments are based on different political philosophies and serve various purposes. By
learning economic principles of trade and the factors that affect economic growth, students understand why there are different standards of living in
countries around the world.
Note: The geography benchmarks in grade eight are sequenced by region. However, the Global Studies benchmarks may be arranged in any order for
instruction. Benchmarks from all four strands (disciplines) can be integrated into one seamless course arranged according to region, chronology,
theme or other organizing framework determined by the school district.
The following regions are addressed by the geography benchmarks:
1. North America
2. Europe and Russia
3. Southwest Asia and North Africa
4. East Asia and Southeast Asia
5. South Asia and Central Asia
6. Africa South of the Sahara
7. Australia/Oceania
Each Global Studies benchmark relates to one of four themes (or a Skills category):
1. Cultural Characteristics, Technology, and Ideas
2. Economic Development and Trade
3. Population and Migration
4. Human Interaction with the Environment
(Skills such as civic skills, economic reasoning skills, geographic inquiry and geospatial technology skills, historical inquiry)
                                                                                                                       Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                                         Benchmark                     Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                                               Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                                               (Curriculum)                   sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                                      Exhibit civic skills including
                                                                                                      participating in civic
                                                                                                      discussion on issues in the
                                                                                                      contemporary world,
                                                                      1. Democratic                   demonstrating respect for
     1. Citizenship and Government




                                                                      government depends              the opinions of people or
                                                                      on informed and                 groups who have different
                                                                      engaged citizens who            perspectives, and reaching
                                                                                                      consensus.
                                                1. Civic Skills




                                                                      exhibit civic skills and
                                                                      values, practice civic
                                                                                                             For example: Civic
8                                                                     discourse, vote and        8.1.1.1.1
                                                                                                             discourse skills—speaking,
                                                                      participate in
                                                                                                             listening, respecting diverse
                                                                      elections, apply
                                                                                                             viewpoints, evaluating
                                                                      inquiry and analysis
                                                                                                             arguments. Issues in the
                                                                      skills and take action
                                                                                                             contemporary world might
                                                                      to solve problems and
                                                                                                             include participation in
                                                                      shape public policy.
                                                                                                             international treaty
                                                                                                             organizations, positive
                                                                                                             discrimination/affirmative
                                                                                                             action, environmental
                                                                                                             issues.
                                                                                                             Explain why governments
     1. Citizenship and Government

                                     5. Relationships of the United




                                                                                                             belong to different types of
                                      States to other nations and




                                                                                                             economic alliances and
                                                                      12. International                      international and regional
                                              organizations




                                                                      political and economic                 organizations.
                                                                      institutions influence     8.1.5.12.   For example: United
8                                                                                                    1
                                                                      world affairs and                      Nations, World Trade
                                                                      United States foreign                  Organization, Arab League,
                                                                      policy.                                African Union, European
                                                                                                             Union, North Atlantic Treaty
                                                                                                             Organization, Organization
                                                                                                             of American States.
                                                                                                                                      Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                                                        Benchmark                      Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                                                              Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                                                              (Curriculum)                    sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                                                     Explain how different types

                                     5. Relationships of the United States to other
                                                                                                                     of governments reflect
                                                                                                                     historically and culturally
                                                                                                                     specific understandings of
     1. Citizenship and Government



                                                                                                                     the relationships between
                                               nations and organizations

                                                                                                                     the individual, government
                                                                                      13. Governments are            and society.
                                                                                      based on different
                                                                                                                            For example: The rise of
                                                                                      political philosophies    8.1.5.13.
8                                                                                                                   1
                                                                                                                            Confucianism reflected an
                                                                                      and are established to
                                                                                                                            emphasis on social
                                                                                      serve various
                                                                                                                            harmony, the rise of
                                                                                      purposes.
                                                                                                                            dictatorships in Europe
                                                                                                                            reflected an emphasis on
                                                                                                                            stability, and the rise of
                                                                                                                            theocracies in contemporary
                                                                                                                            Iran reflects an emphasis on
                                                                                                                            the primacy of religious
                                                                                                                            values.
                                                                                                                            Apply reasoned decision-
                                                                                                                            making techniques in
                                                                                      1. People make                        making choices; explain why
                                                                                                                            different governments faced
                                                  1. Economic Reasoning Skills




                                                                                      informed economic
                                                                                      choices by identifying                with the same alternatives
                                                                                      their goals,                          might make different
     2. Economics




                                                                                      interpreting and                      choices.
                                                                                                                            For example:
                                                                                      applying data,
                                                                                                                            Techniques—PACED
8                                                                                     considering the short-    8.2.1.1.1
                                                                                                                            decision-making process
                                                                                      and long-run costs
                                                                                                                            (Problem, Alternative,
                                                                                      and benefits of
                                                                                                                            Criteria, Evaluation,
                                                                                      alternative choices
                                                                                                                            Decision) , benefit-cost
                                                                                      and revising their
                                                                                                                            analysis, marginal analysis,
                                                                                      goals based on their
                                                                                                                            consideration of sunk costs,
                                                                                      analysis.
                                                                                                                            results of behavioral
                                                                                                                            economics.

                                                                                                                            Identify factors which affect
                                                                                                                            economic growth
                                                                                                                            (percentage changes in
                                                  . Fundamental Concepts




                                                                                      4. Economic systems
                                                                                                                            Gross Domestic
                                                                                      differ in the ways that
                                                                                                                            Product—GDP) and lead to
     2. Economics




                                                                                      they address the three
                                                                                                                            a different standard of living
                                                                                      basic economic issues
                                                                                                                            in different countries.
8                                                                                     of allocation,            8.2.3.4.1
                                                                                      production and
                                                                                      distribution to meet
                                                                                      society’s broad
                                                                                      economic goals.
                    3. Fundamental Concepts
               4. Economic systems
               differ in the ways that                      Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment


     2. Economics
   Stran Sub- Standard
               they address the three                     Benchmark             Expo-    Resources / Tools Used        Impact on Student
Gr                                      Code
     d   stran Understand that…
               basic economic issues                     (Curriculum)           sure                               Achievement (Assessment)
8              of allocation,          8.2.3.4.1 For example:
               production and                    Factors—investment in
               distribution to meet              physical capital, use of
               society’s broad                   natural resources,
               economic goals.                   application of new
                                                 technologies, education and
                                                 training, political stability.
                                                                                    Identify characteristics of
                    3. Fundamental Concepts




                                              4. Economic systems
                                                                                    command, mixed, and
                                              differ in the ways that
                                                                                    market-based (capitalist)
     2. Economics




                                              they address the three
                                                                                    economies; classify the
                                              basic economic issues
                                                                                    economic systems of
8                                             of allocation,            8.2.3.4.2
                                                                                    countries in a given region.
                                              production and
                                              distribution to meet
                                              society’s broad
                                              economic goals.
                                                                                         Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                            Benchmark                    Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                  Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                  (Curriculum)                  sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                         Explain why trade is
                                                                         mutually beneficial to
                                                                         countries; define and apply
                                                                         absolute and comparative
                                                                         advantage with respect to
                                                                         international trade.

                                                                                For example: Absolute
                                                                                advantage—using fewer
                                                                                resources to produce a
                                                                                good (based on differences
                                                                                in productivity).
                                                                                Comparative
                                                                                advantage—giving up fewer
                                                                                other goods to produce a
                                                                                good (based on differences
                                         12. International trade,
                    5. Macro-economics




                                                                                in opportunity costs). A
                                         exchange rates and
     2. Economics




                                                                                worker in Country A can
                                         international
                                                                                produce two rugs or four
                                         institutions affect        8.2.5.12.
8                                                                       1
                                                                                pizzas in one day, while a
                                         individuals,
                                                                                worker in Country B can
                                         organizations and
                                                                                only produce one rug or one
                                         governments
                                                                                half of a pizza. Country A
                                         throughout the world.
                                                                                has an absolute advantage
                                                                                in producing both rugs and
                                                                                pizzas (workers can
                                                                                produce more of both).
                                                                                However, Country B has a
                                                                                comparative advantage in
                                                                                producing rugs (one rug
                                                                                costs one half of a pizza in
                                                                                Country B, while in Country
                                                                                A one rug costs two pizzas).
                                                                                Both countries would be
                                                                                better off if Country A
                                                                                specialized in producing
                                                                                pizzas and Country B
                                                                                specialized in producing
                                                                                rugs and they traded at a
                                                                                rate of one rug for one
                                                                                       Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                           Benchmark          Expo-          Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                 (Curriculum)        sure                                    Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                       Obtain and analyze
                                                                       geographic information from
                                                                       a variety of print and
                                                                       electronic sources to
                                                                       investigate places or answer
                                                                       specific geographic
                                                                       questions; provide rationale
                                                                       for its use.
                                                                              For example:
                                                                              Sources—Geographic
                                                                              Information Systems (GIS),
                                                                              online atlases and
                                                                              databases, Google Earth or
                                           1. People use                      similar programs, maps,
                                                                              aerial photos and other
                    1. Geospatial Skills




                                           geographic
                                                                              images. Geographic
     3. Geography




                                           representations and
                                           geospatial                         questions—Where are we?
8                                          technologies to        8.3.1.1.1   What is this location like?
                                           acquire, process and               What are the characteristics
                                           report information                 of this location? How has
                                           within a spatial                   this place been affected by
                                           context.                           the movement of people,
                                                                              goods and ideas? How do
                                                                              people modify the
                                                                              environment to fit their
                                                                              needs? How do people
                                                                              organize locations into
                                                                              regions? How is this place
                                                                              similar to or different from
                                                                              other places? Questions
                                                                              might also relate to urban
                                                                              development, environmental
                                                                              concerns, transportation
                                                                              issues, flood control.
                                                                                        Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                 Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                  Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                       (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                             Create and use various
                                                                             kinds of maps, including
                                                                             overlaying thematic maps,
                                                                             of places in the world;
                                                                             incorporate the “TODALSS”
                                           1. People use
                                                                             map basics, as well as
                    1. Geospatial Skills


                                           geographic
                                                                             points, lines and colored
     3. Geography




                                           representations and
                                                                             areas to display spatial
                                           geospatial
                                                                             information.
8                                          technologies to         8.3.1.1.2
                                           acquire, process and
                                                                               For example: “TODALSS”
                                           report information
                                                                               map basics—title,
                                           within a spatial
                                                                               orientation, date, author,
                                           context.
                                                                               legend/ key, source, scale.
                                                                               Spatial information—cities,
                                                                               roads, boundaries, bodies of
                                                                               water, regions.

                                                                               Formulate questions about
                                                                               topics in geography; pose
                                                                               possible answers; use
                                                                               geospatial technology to
                                                                               analyze problems and make
                                                                               decisions within a spatial
                                           2. Geographic inquiry               context.
                    1. Geospatial Skills




                                           is a process in which
     3. Geography




                                           people ask geographic               For example: Questions
                                           questions and gather,               about geographic issues
8                                                                  8.3.1.2.1
                                           organize and analyze                might relate to urban
                                           information to solve                development, environmental
                                           problems and plan for               concerns, transportation
                                           the future.                         issues, flood control.
                                                                               Geospatial
                                                                               technology—Geographic
                                                                               Information Systems (GIS),
                                                                               online atlases and
                                                                               databases, Google Earth or
                                                                               similar programs.
                                                                                          Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                             Benchmark           Expo-          Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                   Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                   (Curriculum)         sure                                    Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                          Use appropriate geographic
                                                                          tools to analyze and explain
                                                                          the distribution of physical
                                                                          and human characteristics
                                                                          of places.

                                                                                 For example: Physical
                                                                                 characteristics—landforms
                                                                                 (Rocky Mountains, Mount
                                            3. Places have
                                                                                 Everest), ecosystems
                    2. Places and Regions




                                            physical
                                                                                 (forest), bodies of water
                                            characteristics (such
     3. Geography




                                                                                 (Hudson Bay, Indian Ocean,
                                            as climate, topography
                                                                                 Amazon River), soil,
                                            and vegetation) and
8                                                                    8.3.2.3.1   vegetation, weather and
                                            human characteristics
                                                                                 climate. Human
                                            (such as culture,
                                                                                 characteristics— structures
                                            population, political
                                                                                 (Great Wall of China, Eiffel
                                            and economic
                                                                                 Tower), bridges (Golden
                                            systems).
                                                                                 Gate Bridge), canals (Erie
                                                                                 Canal), cities, political
                                                                                 boundaries, population
                                                                                 distribution, settlement
                                                                                 patterns, language,
                                                                                 ethnicity, nationality,
                                                                                 religious beliefs.
                                                                                       Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                              Benchmark            Expo-     Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                               Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                    (Curriculum)          sure                               Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                          Describe the locations of
                                                                          human populations and the
                                                                          cultural characteristics of
                                                                          the United States and
                                                                          Canada.
                                                                          For example: Locations of
                                                                          human populations—density
                                                                          and distribution of
                                                                          population, patterns of
                                                                          human settlement, location
                                        5. The characteristics,           of major urban centers,
                                                                          dynamics of population
                    3. Human Systems




                                       distribution and
                                                                          growth, migration, refugees,
     3. Geography




                                       migration of human
                                       populations on the                 rural to urban movement,
8                                      earth’s surface          8.3.3.5.1 suburbanization, migration
                                       influence human                    of labor. Cultural
                                       systems (cultural,                 characteristics—patterns of
                                       economic and political             government, international
                                       systems).                          relations, colonialism,
                                                                          patterns of language,
                                                                          patterns of religion,
                                                                          distribution of major cultural
                                                                          groups and minority groups,
                                                                          significant current changes
                                                                          in culture and economy.




                                                                              Describe how the physical
                                                                              and environmental features
                                                                              of the United States and
                    3. Human Systems




                                       6. Geographic factors                  Canada affect human
     3. Geography




                                       influence the                          activity and settlement.
                                       distribution, functions,
8                                                                 8.3.3.6.1
                                       growth and patterns of                 For example: Physical and
                                       cities and human                       environmental
                                       settlements.                           features—Climate,
                                                                              landforms, distribution of
                                                                              resources, waterways,
                                                                              ecosystems.
                                                                                                    Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                       Benchmark                    Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                             Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                             (Curriculum)                  sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                    Explain how the changing
                                                                                    patterns of industrialization
                                                                                    and trade between the
                                                                                    United States, and Canada
                                                                                    or Mexico, have resulted in
                                                                                    close connections between
                                                                                    the countries in terms of
                                                                                    manufacturing, energy and
                                                                                    finance.
                    4. Human Environment Interaction




                                                                                           For example: Trade
                                                                                           patterns between Minnesota
     3. Geography




                                                        10. The meaning,                   and Mexico, North American
                                                       use, distribution and               Free Trade Agreement,
                                                                               8.3.3.10.
8                                                      importance of               1       trade patterns between
                                                       resources changes                   Minnesota and Canada, the
                                                       over time.                          building of the Great Lakes
                                                                                           Seaway, the manufacturing
                                                                                           of automobiles and other
                                                                                           products in the Great Lakes
                                                                                           Industrial Region, the
                                                                                           development of the
                                                                                           Canadian oil and gas fields
                                                                                           and the pipelines connecting
                                                                                           them to markets in the
                                                                                           United States.
                                                                                                        Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                          Benchmark          Expo-            Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                                Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                                (Curriculum)        sure                                      Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                       Describe the impact of
                                                                                       comparative advantage, the
                                                                                       international division of
                                                                                       labor, and de-
                                                                                       industrialization on
                                                                                       manufacturing regions and
                    4. Human Environment Interaction


                                                                                       commercial districts within
                                                                                       urban areas in the United
                                                                                       States and Canada.
     3. Geography




                                                       10. The meaning, use,
                                                       distribution and                       For example: Decline of the
                                                                                  8.3.3.10.
8                                                      importance of                  2       Midwest as an industrial
                                                       resources changes                      region because of the
                                                       over time.                             outsourcing of
                                                                                              manufacturing, the rise of
                                                                                              export focused garment
                                                                                              manufacturing in China,
                                                                                              Southeast Asia and
                                                                                              elsewhere, the development
                                                                                              of call centers and computer
                                                                                              technology support services
                                                                                              in India.

                                                                                              Describe the locations of
                                                                                              human populations and the
                                                                                              cultural characteristics of
                                                                                              Latin America, including
                                                        5. The characteristics,
                                                                                              how the contemporary
                    3. Human Systems




                                                       distribution and
                                                                                              pattern of cities resulted
     3. Geography




                                                       migration of human
                                                                                              from a combination of pre-
                                                       populations on the
                                                                                              European contact, colonial,
8                                                      earth’s surface            8.3.3.5.2
                                                                                              and industrial urban
                                                       influence human
                                                                                              societies.
                                                       systems (cultural,
                                                       economic and political
                                                                                              For example: Mexico City
                                                       systems).
                                                                                              (site of former Aztec
                                                                                              Capital), Brasilia (twentieth
                                                                                              century planned city).
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                   Benchmark              Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                     Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                         (Curriculum)            sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
               6. Geographic factors
     3. Geography                                                               Describe how the physical
               influence the                                                    and environmental features
                      3. Human
                      Systems
               distribution, functions,                                         of Latin America affect
8                                                                     8.3.3.6.2
                                                                                human activity and
               growth and patterns of
               cities and human                                                 settlement.
               settlements.
                                                                                  Describe the changing role
                                                                                  of Latin America in global
     3. Geography




                                           10.The meaning, use,
                    Environment




                                                                                  trade networks.
                     Interaction
                      4. Human




                                           distribution and
                                                                      8.3.3.10.
8                                          importance of                  3
                                           resources changes
                                           over time.


                                                                                  Describe the locations of
                                                                                  human populations and the
                                                                                  cultural characteristics of
                                                                                  Europe and Russia,
                                            5. The characteristics,
                                                                                  including the role of
                        3. Human Systems




                                           distribution and
                                                                                  migration patterns, and the
     3. Geography




                                           migration of human
                                                                                  impact of aging population
                                           populations on the
                                                                                  and other effects of
8                                          earth’s surface            8.3.3.5.3
                                                                                  demographic transition.
                                           influence human
                                           systems (cultural,
                                                                                  For example: Demographic
                                           economic and political
                                                                                  transition caused by
                                           systems).
                                                                                  industrialization, warfare
                                                                                  and European immigration.



                                           6. Geographic factors                  Describe how the physical
     3. Geography




                                           influence the                          and environmental features
                      3. Human
                      Systems




                                           distribution, functions,               of Europe and Russia affect
8                                                                     8.3.3.6.3   human activity and
                                           growth and patterns of
                                           cities and human                       settlement.
                                           settlements.
                                                                                           Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                              Benchmark                    Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                    Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                    (Curriculum)                  sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                           Describe the role of Europe
                                                                           in the global economy
     3. Geography
                                            10. The meaning,
                    Environment
                                                                           today.

                     Interaction
                      4. Human
                                           use, distribution and
                                                                      8.3.3.10.
8                                          importance of                  4
                                           resources changes
                                           over time.


                                                                                  Describe the locations of
                                            5. The characteristics,
                                                                                  human populations and the
                        3. Human Systems




                                           distribution and
                                                                                  cultural characteristics of
     3. Geography




                                           migration of human
                                                                                  Southwest Asia and North
                                           populations on the
                                                                                  Africa.
8                                          earth’s surface            8.3.3.5.4
                                           influence human
                                           systems (cultural,
                                           economic and political
                                           systems).

                                           6. Geographic factors                  Describe how the physical
     3. Geography




                                           influence the                          and environmental features
                      3. Human
                      Systems




                                           distribution, functions,               of Southwest Asia and North
8                                                                     8.3.3.6.4
                                                                                  Africa affect human activity
                                           growth and patterns of
                                           cities and human                       and settlement.
                                           settlements.
                                                                                  Describe the impact of
                                                                                  nationalist movements in the
                                                                                  twentieth century on
                        3. Human Systems




                                           8. Processes of                        contemporary geopolitics in
     3. Geography




                                           cooperation and                        Southwest Asia and North
                                           conflict among people                  Africa.
8                                                                     8.3.3.8.1
                                           influence the division                 For example: Turkish War
                                           and control of Earth’s                 of Independence, Israeli and
                                           surface.                               Palestinian territorial
                                                                                  dispute, various nationalist
                                                                                  parties, “Arab Spring”.
                                                                                              Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                  Benchmark         Expo-           Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                   Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                       (Curriculum)        sure                                     Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                              Describe how the
                                                                              distribution and
     3. Geography
                                              10. The meaning, use,
                    Environment
                                                                              development of oil and

                     Interaction
                      4. Human
                                              distribution and
                                                                    8.3.3.10. water resources influence
8                                             importance of             5     the economy and societies
                                              resources changes               of Southwest Asia and North
                                              over time.                      Africa.

                                                                                     Describe the locations of
                                                                                     human populations and the
                                                                                     cultural characteristics of
                                                                                     East Asia and Southeast
                                                                                     Asia, including how the
                                                                                     demographic transition has
                                               5. The characteristics,
                                                                                     influenced the region’s
                           3. Human Systems




                                              distribution and
                                                                                     population, economy and
     3. Geography




                                              migration of human
                                                                                     culture.
                                              populations on the
8                                             earth’s surface            8.3.3.5.5
                                                                                     For example: The aging
                                              influence human
                                                                                     population of Japan,
                                              systems (cultural,
                                                                                     population policies of China
                                              economic and political
                                                                                     and Japan, rural to urban
                                              systems).
                                                                                     migration in China,
                                                                                     movement of Chinese and
                                                                                     South Asian workers into
                                                                                     Southeast Asia, migration of
                                                                                     Hmong into Southeast Asia.

                                              6. Geographic factors                  Describe how the physical
     3. Geography




                                              influence the                          and environmental features
                      3. Human
                      Systems




                                              distribution, functions,               of East Asia and Southeast
8                                                                        8.3.3.6.5
                                                                                     Asia affect human activity
                                              growth and patterns of
                                              cities and human                       and settlement.
                                              settlements.
                      4. Human Environment




                                                                                     Identify the characteristics
                                                                                     of a market economy that
     3. Geography




                                               10. The meaning,                      exist in contemporary China;
                           Interaction




                                              use, distribution and                  describe how China's
                                                                         8.3.3.10.
8                                             importance of                  6       changing economy has
                                              resources changes                      impacted the United States
                                              over time.                             and the global economic
                                                                                     system since 1970.
                                                                                    Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                Benchmark           Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                 Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                      (Curriculum)         sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                            Describe the locations of
                                                                            human populations and the
                                                                            cultural characteristics of
                                                                            South Asia and Central
                                                                            Asia, including causes for
                                          5. The characteristics,           the differences in population
                      3. Human Systems


                                         distribution and                   density in the region, and
     3. Geography




                                         migration of human                 implications of population
                                         populations on the                 growth in South Asia on the
8                                        earth’s surface          8.3.3.5.6 future world population.
                                         influence human
                                         systems (cultural,
                                         economic and political             For example: Relative
                                         systems).                          stability of steppe nomads
                                                                            (herders) over time in
                                                                            Central Asia, intensive
                                                                            agricultural development
                                                                            and demographic transition
                                                                            in South Asia.
                                         6. Geographic factors              Describe how the physical
     3. Geography




                                         influence the                      and environmental features
                    3. Human
                    Systems




                                         distribution, functions,           of South Asia and Central
8                                                                 8.3.3.6.6
                                                                            Asia affect human activity
                                         growth and patterns of
                                         cities and human                   and settlement.
                                         settlements.
                                                                                                       Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                               Benchmark            Expo-    Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                                 Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                                     (Curriculum)          sure                              Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                            Analyze the role of
                                                                                            comparative advantage in

                    4. Human Environment Interaction
                                                                                            the rise of the Indian market
                                                                                            economy in the global
                                                                                            economic system.
     3. Geography




                                                        10. The meaning,                    For example: Large number
                                                       use, distribution and                of educated speakers of
                                                                                  8.3.3.10.
8                                                      importance of                  7     English able to work in call
                                                       resources changes                    centers, development of
                                                       over time.                           manufacturing based on
                                                                                            local capital, labor and
                                                                                            markets, development of
                                                                                            high-tech industry,
                                                                                            international finance.

                                                                                              Describe the locations of
                                                                                              human populations and the
                                                                                              cultural characteristics of
                                                        5. The characteristics,
                                                                                              Africa South of the Sahara,
                    3. Human Systems




                                                       distribution and
                                                                                              including the causes and
     3. Geography




                                                       migration of human
                                                                                              effects of the demographic
                                                       populations on the
                                                                                              transition since 1945.
8                                                      earth’s surface            8.3.3.5.7
                                                       influence human
                                                                                              For example:
                                                       systems (cultural,
                                                                                              Industrialization of South
                                                       economic and political
                                                                                              Africa, rural to urban
                                                       systems).
                                                                                              migration, the AIDS
                                                                                              epidemic, transnational
                                                                                              migration.
                                                                                              Describe how the physical
                    3. Human Systems




                                                       6. Geographic factors                  and environmental features
     3. Geography




                                                       influence the                          of Africa South of the
                                                       distribution, functions,               Sahara affect human activity
8                                                                                 8.3.3.6.7
                                                       growth and patterns of                 and settlement.
                                                       cities and human
                                                       settlements.

                                                                                              Describe independence and
                                                                                              nationalist movements in
                                                                                              Sub-Saharan Africa and
                                                       7. The characteristics,
                    3. Human Systems




                                                                                              Asia, including India's
                                                       distribution and
     3. Geography




                                                                                              independence movement.
                                                       complexity of the
                                                       earth’s cultures
8                                                                                 8.3.3.7.1
                                                       influence human
                                                       systems (social,
                                                       economic and political
                                                       systems).
               7. The characteristics,                                                 Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment




                    3. Human Systems
               distribution and


     3. Geography
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                             Benchmark                 Expo-   Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr             complexity of the                                 Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                   (Curriculum)               sure                             Achievement (Assessment)
               earth’s cultures
8                                                               8.3.3.7.1 For example: Creation of
               influence human
                                                                          South Sudan, attempted
               systems (social,
                                                                          Biafran independence
               economic and political
                                                                          movement, separation of
               systems).
                                                                          Singapore from Malaysia,
                                                                          separation of Bangladesh
                                                                          from Pakistan.
                                                                          Describe the locations of
                                        5. The characteristics,
                                                                          human populations and the
                    3. Human Systems




                                       distribution and
                                                                          cultural characteristics of
     3. Geography




                                       migration of human
                                                                          Australia/ Oceania.
                                       populations on the
8                                      earth’s surface          8.3.3.5.8
                                       influence human
                                       systems (cultural,
                                       economic and political
                                       systems).
                                                                              Describe how the physical
                                                                              and environmental features
                                                                              of Australia/ Oceania affect
                                                                              human activity and
                                                                              settlement, including how
                    3. Human Systems




                                       6. Geographic factors                  the human populations have
     3. Geography




                                       influence the                          adapted to and changed the
                                       distribution, functions,               landscape differently over
8                                                                 8.3.2.6.8
                                       growth and patterns of                 time.
                                       cities and human
                                       settlements.                           For example: Aboriginal
                                                                              peoples, gold rush, opal
                                                                              mining, expansion of
                                                                              commercial agriculture,
                                                                              development of the
                                                                              Outback.
                                                                                                  Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                                        Benchmark            Expo-      Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                                         Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                              (Curriculum)          sure                                Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                                    Pose questions about a
                                                                                    topic in world history; gather
                                                                                    and organize a variety of
                  1. Historical Thinking Skills   2. Historical inquiry is          primary and secondary
                                                  a process in which                sources related to the
                                                  multiple sources and              questions; analyze sources
     4. History




                                                  different kinds of                for credibility and bias;
8                                                 historical evidence are 8.4.1.2.1 suggest possible answers
                                                  analyzed to draw                  and write a thesis
                                                  conclusions about                 statement; use sources to
                                                  how and why things                draw conclusions and
                                                  happened in the past.             support the thesis; and
                                                                                    present supported findings
                                                                                    and cite sources.
                                                                                         Analyze connections
                                                                                         between revolutions,
                                                                                         independence movements
                                                  13. Post- World War II                 and social transformations
                                                  political reorganization               during the Cold War era.
                                                  produced the Cold                      (The World After World War
                  3. World History




                                                  War balance of power                   II: 1950-1989)
     4. History




                                                  and new alliances that                 For example :
                                                                             8.4.3.13.
8                                                 were based on                  1       Revolutions—Latin America,
                                                  competing economic                     Iran; independence
                                                  and political doctrines.               movements in Africa,
                                                  (The World After                       Southeast Asia; social
                                                  World War II: 1950-                    transformations—demograp
                                                  1989)                                  hic changes, urbanization,
                                                                                         Westernization.
                                                                                      Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                           Benchmark           Expo-        Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                             Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                 (Curriculum)         sure                                  Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                        Explain the major
                                     13. Post- World War II             differences in the political
                                     political reorganization           and economic ideologies
                  3. World History   produced the Cold                  and values of the Western
                                     War balance of power               democracies and the Soviet
     4. History




                                     and new alliances that             bloc. (The World After
                                                              8.4.3.13.
8                                    were based on                2
                                                                        World War II: 1950-1989)
                                     competing economic
                                     and political doctrines.
                                     (The World After
                                     World War II: 1950-
                                     1989)

                                                                            Describe political challenges
                                     13. Post- World War II                 and struggles of newly
                                     political reorganization               independent countries
                                     produced the Cold                      during the Cold War era.
                  3. World History




                                     War balance of power                   (The World After World War
     4. History




                                     and new alliances that                 II: 1950-1989)
                                                                8.4.3.13.
8                                    were based on                  3       For example: Ghana
                                     competing economic                     (1957), Uganda (1962),
                                     and political doctrines.               Algeria (1962), Belize
                                     (The World After                       (1945), Mozambique (1975),
                                     World War II: 1950-                    Cambodia (1953), Indonesia
                                     1989)                                  (1949), Philippines (1946).
                                                                                    Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                       Benchmark         Expo-            Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                            Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                             (Curriculum)       sure                                      Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                   Describe causes of
                                     14. Globalization, the
                                                                   economic imbalances and
                                     spread of capitalism
                                                                   social inequalities among
                                     and the end of the
                                                                   the world’s peoples in the
                                     Cold War have
                                                                   post-colonial world and
                                     shaped a
                                                                   efforts made to close those
                                     contemporary world
                                                                   gaps. (The New Global Era:
                  3. World History



                                     still characterized by
                                                                   1989 to Present)
                                     rapid technological
     4. History




                                     change, dramatic         8.4.3.14.
                                                                          For example: Causes of
8                                                                 1       imbalances—political
                                     increases in global
                                     population and                       conflicts, natural disasters,
                                     economic growth                      the economic legacy of
                                     coupled with                         colonialism, access to
                                     persistent economic                  health care, technology,
                                     and social disparities               education. Efforts made to
                                     and cultural conflict.               close the gaps—human
                                     (The New Global Era:                 rights organizations, United
                                     1989 to Present)                     Nations Millennium goals.

                                     14. Globalization, the               Compare and contrast the
                                     spread of capitalism                 development of diasporic
                                     and the end of the                   communities throughout the
                                     Cold War have                        world due to regional
                                     shaped a                             conflicts, changing
                  3. World History




                                     contemporary world                   international labor demands
                                     still characterized by               and environmental factors.
     4. History




                                     rapid technological      8.4.3.14.   (The New Global Era: 1989
8                                                                 2
                                     change, dramatic                     to Present)
                                     increases in global
                                     population and                       For example: Diasporic
                                     economic growth                      communities such as those
                                     coupled with                         originating from the Horn of
                                     persistent economic                  Africa, Latin America, West
                                     and social disparities               Africa, Southeast Asia,
                                     and cultural conflict.               India.
                                                                                   Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                           Benchmark          Expo-      Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                             Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                 (Curriculum)        sure                                Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                        Describe varieties of
                                     14. Globalization, the
                                                                        religious beliefs and
                                     spread of capitalism
                                                                        practices in the
                                     and the end of the
                                                                        contemporary world
                                     Cold War have
                                                                        including
                                     shaped a
                                                                        Shamanism/Animism,
                                     contemporary world
                                                                        Hinduism, Buddhism,
                  3. World History



                                     still characterized by
                                                                        Judaism, Christianity and
                                     rapid technological
     4. History




                                                                        Islam. (The New Global Era:
                                     change, dramatic         8.4.3.14.
8                                                                 3
                                                                        1989 to Present)
                                     increases in global
                                     population and
                                     economic growth
                                     coupled with
                                     persistent economic
                                     and social disparities
                                     and cultural conflict.
                                     (The New Global Era:
                                     1989 to Present)

                                     14. Globalization, the               Analyze how Pacific Rim
                                     spread of capitalism                 countries have achieved
                                     and the end of the                   economic growth in recent
                                     Cold War have                        decades. (The New Global
                                     shaped a                             Era: 1989 to Present)
                                     contemporary world                   For example: Pacific Rim
                  3. World History




                                     still characterized by               Countries—Four Tigers
                                     rapid technological
     4. History




                                                                          (South Korea, Singapore,
                                     change, dramatic         8.4.3.14.   Taiwan, Hong Kong), Japan,
8                                                                 4
                                     increases in global                  China.
                                     population and
                                     economic growth
                                     coupled with
                                     persistent economic
                                     and social disparities
                                     and cultural conflict.
                                     (The New Global Era:
                                     1989 to Present)
                                                                                   Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                      Benchmark           Expo-          Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                            Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                            (Curriculum)         sure                                    Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                   Assess the state of human
                                     14. Globalization, the        rights around the world as
                                     spread of capitalism          described in the 1948
                                     and the end of the            Universal Declaration of
                                     Cold War have                 Human Rights . (The New
                                     shaped a                      Global Era: 1989 to Present)
                                     contemporary world
                  3. World History



                                     still characterized by
                                     rapid technological
     4. History




                                     change, dramatic         8.4.3.14.
8                                                                 5
                                     increases in global
                                     population and
                                     economic growth
                                     coupled with
                                     persistent economic
                                     and social disparities
                                     and cultural conflict.
                                     (The New Global Era:
                                     1989 to Present)

                                                                          Describe how movements
                                     14. Globalization, the               and social conditions have
                                     spread of capitalism                 affected the lives of women
                                     and the end of the                   in different parts of the
                                     Cold War have                        world. (The New Global Era:
                                     shaped a                             1989 to Present)
                                     contemporary world
                                                                          For example: Social status,
                  3. World History




                                     still characterized by
                                     rapid technological                  education, economic
     4. History




                                     change, dramatic         8.4.3.14.   opportunity, political and
8                                                                 6       civil rights.
                                     increases in global
                                     population and
                                     economic growth
                                     coupled with
                                     persistent economic
                                     and social disparities
                                     and cultural conflict.
                                     (The New Global Era:
                                     1989 to Present)
                                                                                   Minnesota Social Studies Standards Allignment
   Stran Sub- Standard                                                            Benchmark          Expo-     Resources / Tools Used       Impact on Student
Gr                                                             Code
     d   stran Understand that…                                                  (Curriculum)        sure                               Achievement (Assessment)
                                                                        Assess the influence of
                                     14. Globalization, the
                                                                        television, the Internet and
                                     spread of capitalism
                                                                        other media on cultural
                                     and the end of the
                                                                        identity and social and
                                     Cold War have
                                                                        political movements. (The
                                     shaped a
                                                                        New Global Era: 1989 to
                                     contemporary world
                                                                        Present)
                  3. World History



                                     still characterized by
                                                                        For example : Social media,
                                     rapid technological
     4. History




                                                                        cell phones, blogs,
                                     change, dramatic         8.4.3.14.
8                                                                 7     government censorship.
                                     increases in global
                                                                        Social and political
                                     population and
                                                                        movements such as “Arab
                                     economic growth
                                                                        Spring”.
                                     coupled with
                                     persistent economic
                                     and social disparities
                                     and cultural conflict.
                                     (The New Global Era:
                                     1989 to Present)
                                                                          Describe how groups are
                                                                          reviving and maintaining
                                     14. Globalization, the
                                                                          their traditional cultures,
                                     spread of capitalism
                                                                          identities and
                                     and the end of the
                                                                          distinctiveness in the
                                     Cold War have
                                                                          context of increasing
                                     shaped a
                                                                          globalization. (The New
                                     contemporary world
                                                                          Global Era: 1989 to Present)
                  3. World History




                                     still characterized by
                                     rapid technological
     4. History




                                                                          For example: Revitalizing a
                                     change, dramatic         8.4.3.14.
8                                                                 8
                                                                          dying language, resisting
                                     increases in global
                                                                          western influence.
                                     population and
                                     economic growth
                                     coupled with
                                     persistent economic
                                     and social disparities
                                     and cultural conflict.
                                     (The New Global Era:
                                     1989 to Present)

								
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