Chapter 10 pgs 311 317 by o9S16v4

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									A.P. US                                 Artem Kholodenko
Mods 6/7/8                                    0109
             Notes for pgs. 311 – 317
Introduction            -   La Fayette revisited the US by a personal invitation of
                            Monroe in 1824
                        -   The visit convinced the Americans that they haven’t
                            strayed from their original beliefs of a true republic
New Parties             -   Western migration, economic growth shaped politics
                            between 1824 and 1840 and led to a 2nd US party system
                            with the Democrats and the Whigs
                        -   Their messages were spread farther with the
                            transportation revolution
                        -   Not all looked to politics to achieve their goals, and
                            identified politics as only for scoundrels
                        -   The new politics changed views from the founders who
                            didn’t pay much attention to slavery and women’s rights
The Transformation of   -   In 1824 Jackson, Martin Van Buren, who’d lead the
American Politics,          democrats, and Quincy Adams, and H. Clay who’d lead
1824 – 1832                 the Whigs (republicans) were all in the same party, yet
                            the Republicans were coming apart, due to issues of
                            industrialization, cotton cultivation in the South, and
                            westward expansion, sparking the creation of new parties
The Democrats           -   Those who suspected the strong federal government and
                            preference for state’s rights became Democrats
                        -   Those who thought that the national government should
                            actively encourage economic development were the
                            Whigs (some were former Federalists)
Change of Ideas         -   No matter the party, the new politicians had to adopt to
                            new ideas of expression of the will of the common people
                            rather than as an activity that gentlemen conducted for
                            the people
                        -   Gentlemen still got into office, but depended on their
                            ideas about the common people and how they responded
                            to their needs
Democratic Ferment      -   It took several forms to get politics to the democratic
                            level
                        -   The need to own land went down in states to just paying
                            a poll tax; MD, SC, MA, CT, NY all did this between 1790s
                            and 1821, and none of the new states admitted between
                            1796 and 1821 required votes to own property
                        -   Written ballots replaced voting aloud and many
                            appointed offices became elective
                        -   By 1824 legislatures chose electors only in 6 states and
                            by 1832 in 1 (SC)
Luring Voters           -   To get voters in different parties people needed to be
                            lured into voting, with barbeques, free clams, and
                            oysters with free beer and when one party in a region
                            wanted to increase votes they would throw a party
                        -   In 1820, the parties still worked in a top-down appointee
                            fashion
                        -   Some new states became noting restrictions and
                            democratizing votes, which just drew fraud
Politics Turns into a   -   Disputes between 1816 and 1824 deprived votes of clear
Jokes                       choices and turned politics into a boring spectacle
                        -   When opposition to democracy of people killed one
                            politically and politicians learned to adjust
The Election of 1824       -   Hidden political tensions showed in the election of 1824
                               and killed the Era of Good Feeling
                           -   Even before the election the political coalition was
                               cracking and in 1824 there were 5 candidates for
                               presidency – all reps. and John Quincy Adams was the
                               N.E. favorite; SC’s John C. Calhoun contended with GA’s
                               William Crawford for southern support; Henry Clay of KT
                               from the West came with craftiness, confidence, and
                               ideas for internal improvements, getting him the
                               manufacturing region’s votes
Andrew Jackson for         -   Clay’s belief of him having west votes withered with the
President                      rise of Andrew Jackson of TN, who wasn’t taken seriously
                               at first, yet he was popular in the frontier and in the
                               south
                           -   Although in 1824 Crawford was chosen by the rep.
                               caucus as the official candidate the party was dividing,
                               and ¾ of the rep. congressmen refused to attend the
                               caucus
                           -   Crawford’s prospects evaporated and Calhoun withdrew
                               from the race ad ran for V.P.
Jackson Wins, but Looses   -   In the election Jackson was more popular and electoral
by a Majority Vote             votes that any other candidates, but didn’t get the
                               majority, as required by the constitution and the election
                               went to the House of Reps. which had to chose one of
                               the top 3 candidates – Jackson, Adams, and Crawford
                           -   Clay gave support to Adams hoping to get later votes
                               from the Northeast and West, but Jackson’s supporters
                               were furious because Jackson didn’t win and a cloud
                               began to hang above Adam’s presidency
John Quincy Adams as       -   The Clay move was the 1st of many that would put
President                      controversy over the presidency
                           -   In 1825 Adams gave a speech in the congress, and
                               would have won acclaim in 1815, but now only
                               antagonized interests that grew more powerful and alert
                               in the decade
Adams’ Opponents           -   He proposed an internal-improvements campaign, and
                               got support form reps. like H. Clay, the architect of the
                               American System after the war of 1812, but between
                               1819 and 1825 opponents of the American system grew
                               in size, including John Randolph
                           -   Adams’ call for fed. support for improvements was a few
                               months after the Erie Canal, and because the canal was
                               built with state $, its senator Martin Van Buren opposed
                               federal aid for internal improvements, and this would
                               only enable other states to construct rival canals
More Stupid Actions        -   The southerners also opposed because Adams want to
                               send people to the new Latin American nations and that
                               would recognize Haiti by the US
                           -   If Adams only saw his mistake and changed his ways to
                               get support, he might have saved himself and said that
                               he didn’t want to fortify himself behind any party
The Rise of Andrew         -   Jackson’s reputation rose as Adam’s fell, and he got his
Jackson                        boost from the fame he got at N. Orleans in 1815
                          -   Southerners back Jackson due to his slaves, Indians
                              removal ideas, and wartime history
Jackson’s Supporters      -   Adams wanted to work by the treaties and let the Indians
                              stay in the east, while Jackson wanted to let southerners
                              push the Indians as far as they wanted to and in the
                              election on 1824 he was the only one who didn’t have
                              anything to do with Monroe and the Panic of 1819
                          -   Jackson’s supporters established committees throughout
                              the country and 2 years before the election of 1828,
                              there was buzz of political activity
Martin Van Buren          -   Martin Van Buren was the man who watched things
                              carefully and was to become a VP with Jackson and then
                              the president
Albany Regency            -   He worked his way up to NY governor and built the
                              Albany Regency made of middling and lower class men
DeWitt Clinton            -   Buren’s rival was DeWitt Clinton in NY, who was the
                              opposite of Van Buren by being handsome, tall, and
                              aristocratic
                          -   But Buren made the ordinary people feel comfortable and
                              sensed in which direction politics was going
Ideas for a Two - Party   -   The election of 1824 convinced Buren that a 2-party
System                        system was needed for competition
                          -   Without strong opposition the reps. slit into 2 sections
                              and neither had strong support or electoral security
                          -   Van Buren said it would be better with 2 because they
                              would clash and a real winner would emerge and the 2nd
                              party was slowly taking shape
The Election of 1828      -   Jackson was attacked as a murdered due to duels and
                              executions, as a drunken gambler, and an adulterer (he
                              married a women in 1791 believing her divorce was final)
Party Brawl               -   Adams was accused of being too rich, and wearing silk
                              underwear, being in debt, and favored by the Russian
                              tsar by giving him an American prostitute
Jackson’s Ahead           -   Jackson’s people knew were to better strike while Adam’s
                              helped a little by making Jackson more appealing to the
                              common public
                          -   Jackson was presented as an image of the better
                              common man
Jackson Wins              -   He won by over twice the electoral votes, yet the popular
                              vote was a lot closer, which reflected the strong sections
                              in the parties
                          -   Jackson got double Adams’s vote in the south and triple
                              in southwest
Jackson in Office         -   Jackson sent out conflicting messages for things like
                              internal improvements and the tariff
                          -   He was all for rotation of officeholders – removal of
                              people from the opposing party – spoiling the system
                          -   But he only removed about 1/5 of the federal
                              officeholders
                          -   By moving common officeholders in and out of office he
                              wanted to rotate people, and not allow them to establish
                              a strong hold on the government
South for Internal        -   The south had the least roads and canals, and the plans
Improvements       for building them were going down in 1830, and their
                   cotton could be transported on rivers, so they were for
                   internal improvements
               -   But Jackson saw the improvement-program as a way for
                   more corruption and in 1830 vetoed a bill for federal
                   support for the road in Kentucky, and the south’s
                   popularity increased toward him
               -   But the south had a problem with the raise of tariff on
                   goods which they didn’t make and only raised the prices
                   on things for them

								
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