MANDATORY GUIDELINES FOR by o9S16v4

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									MANDATORY GUIDELINES FOR TRAINING INSTITUTES FOR OBTAINING APPROVAL
FROM DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING TO CONDUCT COURSE/TRAINING ON
     SAFE AND EMERGENCY TOWING OPERATIONS(LEVEL 2- MANAGEMENT)

To avoid unnecessary repetition, reference has been made herein to DGS order no: 02 of 2007
(Guidelines for the conduct of Pre-Sea Training courses for Merchant Navy) wherever appropriate.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                                                  Page no:
   1.    BASIC DETAILS OF THE COURSE                                              3
        1.1.   Aims:                                                              3
        1.2.   Objectives:                                                        3
        1.3.   Application:                                                       3
   2.    QUALIFICATION & ELIGIBILITY OF STUDENTS                                  3
        2.1.   Entry standards:                                                   3
        2.2.   Required attendance:                                               3
        2.3.   Course intake limitations:                                         3
   3.    INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIREMENT                                               3
   4.    COURSE DETAILS                                                           3
        4.1.   Course duration                                                    3
        4.2.   Course outline                                                     3
        4.3.   Detailed Teaching Syllabus                                         3
   5.    HOLIDAYS                                                                 4
   6.    FACULTY REQUIREMENT                                                      4
        6.1.   Qualifications and experience of course in charge:                 4
        6.2.   Qualifications and experience of faculty members:                  4
        6.3.   Qualification and experience of instructors                        4
        6.4.   Training of Trainers & Assessors Course:                           4
        6.5.   Age limit for regular faculty members:                             4
   7.    FACULTY STRENGTH                                                         4

        7.1.   Faculty                                                            4
        7.2    Instructor                                                         4
   8.   COURSE DURATION                                                           5
   9.   ASSESSMENT                                                                5
   10. QUALITY STANDARDS                                                          5
   11. INSPECTIONS                                                                5
   12. COST OF INSPECTIONS                                                        5
   13. FEES TO GOVT.                                                              5
   14. SPECIMEN CERTIFICATE                                                       5
   Annexure 1 – Teaching Aids                                                     6
   Annexure II - Course outline                                                   7
   Annexure III – Detailed teaching syllabus and Table of specification           8 -9
   Annexure IV - Specimen Certificate                                             10



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       SAFE AND EMERGENCY TOWING OPERATIONS(LEVEL 2- MANAGEMENT)

1.          BASIC DETAILS OF THE COURSE
1.1.       Aims:
This course aims to provide the training for management level officers to conduct safe towing
operations and undertake emergency towing operations in inclement weather in response to
rescue requirements of disabled ships.

1.2. Objectives:
The course syllabus covers the competencies required by the management level officers of
vessels towing and being towed. Trainees who successfully complete this course shall be able
to undertake duties and responsibilities at management level in response of safe and
emergency towing operations in fair and inclement weather.

1.3.      Application:
These guidelines shall be applicable from the date of issue of this guidelines.


2.      QUALIFICATION & ELIGIBILITY OF STUDENTS
2.1.    Entry standards:
This course is open to all those seafarers who are holders of Certificate of Competency
(FG/NCV) at Management Level specified in the provision of Merchant Shipping Act, 1958.
This course may also be undertaken by shore personnel who are involved in the management
and operations of cargo ships including offshore specialized services vessels undertaking or
likely to undertake towing operations in normal course or during emergencies.
Trainees shall be medically fit for physical training as per ILO and Merchant Shipping Act,
1958 requirements and are in position of valid medical Certificate issued by DGS Approved
Medical Examiner.

2.2.   Required attendance:

100% attendance is required for successful completion of the course

2.3.   Course intake limitations:

Maximum number of participants should not exceed twenty (20).

3.     INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIREMENT
Physical requirement for classrooms, black/white boards, overhead projector, screen, notice
board, study environment and teaching equipment are to be provided as per DGS order 02 of
2007 (as amended). Library books and equipment to include items contained in Annexure I.

4.     COURSE DETAILS
4.1.     Course duration: 3 days (18 hrs)
4.2.     Course outline: As per Annexure II
4.3     Detailed Teaching Syllabus: Annexure III

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5.       HOLIDAYS
        Sundays shall be holidays.
        Gandhi Jayanti (2nd October), Independence Day (15th August) and Republic Day (26th
        January) shall be compulsory holidays.
        Students shall normally enjoy the holidays observed by the Govt. of the State in which
        the institute is located.
6.       FACULTY REQUIREMENT
6.1.   Qualifications and experience of course in charge:
       Essential - Certificate of Competency as Master (FG) / Certificate of Service, issued or
       recognised by the Government of India, and having at least 5 years of sea service on
       cargo ships including vessels engaged in offshore specialized services out of which at
       least 1 year in command of such ship as Master. In addition, adequate experience in
       handling and guiding tugs / tows engaged in towing operations plying within ports /
       harbours or on the coast including Offshore Oil Development Area (ODA) or overseas.
       Desirable - Certificate of Extra Master issued by Government of India or Salvage
       Master or equivalent certificate relating to towing operations / management of marine
       emergencies issued by the reputed Salvage Companies / Training Institutes and
       acceptable to the Directorate General of Shipping.
6.2.   Qualifications and experience of faculty members including visiting faculty:
       Essential - Certificate of Competency as Master (FG/NCV) / Certificate of Service or
       Chief Mate (FG) issued or recognised by the Government of India, and having at least
       5 years of sea service on cargo ships including vessels engaged in offshore specialized
       services out of which at least 1 year at management level. In addition, adequate
       experience in handling and guiding tugs / tows engaged in towing operations plying
       within ports / harbours or on the coast including Offshore Oil Development Area
       (ODA) or overseas.
       Desirable - Salvage Master or equivalent certificate relating to towing operations /
       management of marine emergencies issued by the reputed Salvage Companies /
       Training Institutes and acceptable to the Directorate General of Shipping.
6.3.   Qualification and experience of instructors
       Petty Officer (seaman branch) Ex-Indian Navy /Coast Guard / Management /
       Operational level officers of cargo ships including vessels engaged in offshore
       specialized services, officers / crew of port crafts with experience of at least 5 years in
       towing operations within ports / harbours or on the coast including Offshore Oil
       Development Area (ODA) or at high seas.
6.4.   Training of Trainers & Assessors Course:

        As per DGS Order No: 2 of 2007 (as amended).

6.5     Age limit for regular faculty members:

       As per DGS Order No: 2 of 2007(as amended).

7.      FACULTY STRENGTH


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7.1       Two Master Mariners (including the course in-charge)
7.2.      Three Instructors.


8.     COURSE DURATION

       Total 18 hours (adequate balance in the approximate ratio of 60:40 for classroom
       lectures and practical exercises respectively) e.g 12 hour of classroom + 06 hours of
       practical exercises.

9.     ASSESSMENT
       An On-line assessment to the extent practicable may be carried out during the
       practical exercises in each course and a written test shall be conducted at the end of
       each course to evaluate the effectiveness of knowledge and skills acquired by each
       trainee.

10.    QUALITY STANDARDS

       As per DGS Order no: 2 of 2007 (as amended).

11.    INSPECTIONS

       As per DGS Order no: 2 of 2007 (as amended).

12.    COST OF INSPECTIONS

       As per DGS Order no: 2 of 2007(as amended).

13.    FEES TO GOVT.

       As per DGS Order no: 2 of 2007 (as amended).

14.    SPECIMEN CERTIFICATE

       See Annexure IV




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Annexure I

SAFE AND EMERGENCY TOWING OPERATIONS(LEVEL 2- MANAGEMENT) -
TEACHING AIDS

Equipment

Classroom lectures: Standard teaching aids such as whiteboards, projector screen, Multi-
media / overhead projector, etc.

Practical exercise: - Following items of equipment are required:

   1. Set of Line Throwing Appliances (LTA) and safe area for practicing firing over mock up
      foxle of disabled ship.
   2. Actual seamanship gear required for towing operations including towing hawsers,
      towing pendants, ropes lines, chain cables, etc.
   3. Mockup/ actual foxle and quarterdeck arrangement with associated fittings of towed
      and towing ship.
   4. A visit & practical exercises onboard a ship / a tug / OSV’s etc. having facility for
      towing arrangements shall be conducted.

Publications and references

Admirality manual of seamanship BR 67

Admirality manual of seamanship vol II BR 67(2)

Admirality manual of seamanship vol III BR 67(3)

Admirality manual of Navigation vol VI BR 45

IMO Resolution A-767 (18) /

MSC Circular 884 / 1175

DGS MS Notice ------ of 2011

ICF Publication on Salvage




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Annexure II


SAFE AND EMERGENCY TOWING OPERATIONS FOR OPERATIONAL LEVEL (LEVEL 2
– MANAGEMENT) - COURSE OUTLINE

Level 2 – Seafarers at management level namely Chief officers, Second engineer and
above to acquire knowledge and appropriate Skills for Safe and Emergency Towing
Operations at sea or managerial level shore staff involved in such operations.

Duration of Course 3 Working Days (18 Hours)

                                                                                 Methodology
               Specific Learning Objective                              Theory   Practical   /
Block                                                                                            No. of
               (Topics)                                                          Exercise
                                                                                                 days
                                                                        Hrs      Hrs
Safe       &      1. Introduction to towing operations                  0.5
emergency         2. Legislation and documentation – National &         2.0
towing               International
operations        3. Various types of Towing (port / coastal etc.)      0.5
                  4. Safety and Navigational aspects of towing          1.0
                     operations (from berth to destination including
                     en-route)
                  5. Navigation exercises on towing                              3.0
                  6. Key Towing Equipments, emergency towing                     1.0
                     arrangements
                  7. Seamanship exercises on towing                              1.5
                  (a) Firing of LTA
                  (b) Onboard arrangements and deck fitting at
                     Forecastle and Quarter deck (aft part) and
                     connecting up the tow (at towing and towed ship)
                     including commencing towing operations.
                  8. Critical factors affecting towing –                2.5
                      Girding,     list,  trim,     maneuvering
                      characteristics of vessels, underwater
                      hull form, current bollard pull capacity,                                    3
                      mechanical propulsion and steerage
                      system efficiency including support of
                      thrusters (bow / stern), pressure points
                      wrt     position     of   towing    hook
                      (conventional      or    tractor   tugs),
                      environmental         conditions,    and
                      navigational hazards en-route etc.
                  9. Maintaining safe tow- adjusting length
                                                                        1.0
                      of tow, freshening the bight etc.
                  10. Reconnecting the tow in case of tow               0.5
                      breaking during the operations
                  11. Maintaining safe routing and clearances           1.0
                      from installations and obstructions and
                      other dangers en-route.
                  12. Towing in inclement weather and
                      proceeding to safe haven or place of              1.0
                      refuge to avoid hazardous situation on

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                                                                            Methodology
              Specific Learning Objective                         Theory    Practical   /
Block                                                                                       No. of
              (Topics)                                                      Exercise
                                                                                            days
                                                                  Hrs       Hrs
                      board during such sea and weather
                      conditions.
                  13. Passing tow by helicopter/ boat
                                                        0.5
                  14. Recovery of tow
                                                        0.5                 0.5
                  15. Assessment and feedback.          1.0
                                                                  12.0      6.0
              Grand Total                                                   18                3


Note:

i) The 3 working days course at management level personnel for ship or shore shall focus
more on legal implications, documentation for approval certifications etc., ship routing including
efficiency of navigation and protection of environment, ship handling and bridge functions,
emergency handling / liabilities in respect of oil pollution , wreck removal etc. aspects. The
ratio of theory and practical classes shall be 60:40.

ii) The course in-charge and teaching staff shall note that course outlines provide suggestions
only as regards sequence and length of time allocated to each objective. These factors may
be adapted by them to suit individual group of trainees depending on their skill, experience,
ability and familiarity with the fast rescue boat systems without compromising with the
objectives of the course, and ensures the trainees acquires the knowledge and skill for his
assigned functions after proper evaluation and assessment.




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Annexure III

SAFE OPERATION AND EMERGENCY TOWING OPERATIONS(LEVEL 2- MENEGEMENT)
- DETAILED TEACHING SYLLABUS

Learning Objectives                                                         Hours
1        Know the requirement of the course and carryout
                                                                            0:5:0
         registration and other formalities
1.1      Describe types of towing viz manned ,unmanned, tow aft, tow
         alongside.
1.2      Describe requirement of towing - operational and emergency
         requirements
2. Legislation – national & international                                   2:0:0
2.1      Explain national/ international/IMO rules and guidelines
2.2      Explain MSC circular/ IMO resolutions/ DGS orders on towing
2.3      Explain rules, responsibility and documentation required for
         normal, emergency and salvage towing
2.4      Explain towage & Salvage convention, legislation on liability &
         compensation conventions in respect of oil pollution damage,
         wreck removal expenses etc.
2.5      Explain international code of signals, IMO standard marine
         communication phrases and significance of ship reporting / ship
         routing and maritime safety information by National co-
         ordinators.
3. Various types of towing                                                  0:5:0
3.1      Explain peculiarity of different towing operations- single, in
         tandem/multiple vessel tow
3.2      Explain suitable towing methods in varying weather conditions
4. Safety and navigational aspects of towing operations                     1:0:0
4.1      Identify drift and lay of the vessel to be towed w.r.t. wind and
         environmental conditions
4.2      Assessment of environmental factors
4.3      Methods of approaching the vessel to be towed
4.4      Explain how to do continuous assessment of separation with the
         towed vessel during approach phase
4.5      Explain 15-30 degree converging approach and perpendicular
         approach, lay when stopped wrt wind and rate of drifts of towing
         and towed vessel
4.6      Explain passing of towing gear & connecting up tow including
         connecting arrangement verification
4.7      Explain how vessel is to be aligned prior commencing tow and
         gradual increase of engine, thrusters and rudder
5. Navigation exercises on Ship maneuvering Simulator or equivalent         3:0:0
arrangement for re-enforcing the knowledge and skills
5.1      Conduct approaching disabled ship exercises on SMS or
         equivalent with continuous assessment of separation with
         disabled ship. Both converging and perpendicular approach to
         be exercised.
5.2      Conduct stopping at 100yds ahead of disabled ship exercise on

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           SMS or equivalent for maintaining position and separation with
           disable ship/to be towed ship on SMS.
5.3        Commence tow phase & actual towing phase – aligning vessel
           prior commencing tow and correct use of engine and thrusters

6. Key towing Equipment, emergency towing arrangements.                              1:0:0
6.1         List Standard towing equipment
6.2         Identification and selection of correct towing equipment for
            towing operation
6.3         Stowage and Maintenance of towing gear and equipment for
            ready use
6.4         Inspecting the towing gear prior and post operational use
6.5         Common defects and defect rectification of towing gear
6.6         Safety precaution whilst handling/using towing gear
7. Seamanship exercises on towing                                                    1:5:0
    (a) Firing of LTA(0.5hrs)
    (b) Onboard arrangements and deck fitting at Forecastle & Quarter
    deck for towing(1.0hrs) Understand and practice Seamanship
    aspects/evolutions        during      approach      phase,      stopped
    phase/passing towing gear and commence tow phase
7.1         Explain and Conduct exercises for preparation for towing at
            towing and towed ship.
7.2         Explain and Conduct LTA firing exercise.
7.3         Explain Onboard arrangements and deck fitting at Forecastle
            and quarter deck for towing requirements.
8. Factors affecting towing – Girding, list, trim, maneuvering characteristics       2:5:0
of vessels, bollard pull, engine and thrusters, pressure points wrt position
of towing hook, environmental conditions, depth and dangers en-route etc
8.1       Understanding effect of list , trim, maneuvering characteristics on
          towing operation.
8.2       Understanding concepts viz bollard pull, pressure points wrt position of
          towing hook, lay of towing rope and direction of pull, girding
8.3       Understand effect of environmental conditions, depth and dangers en-
          route of towing operation

9 Maintaining safe routing and clearances from installations and                     1:0:0
obstructions
9.1      Factors to be considered in Passage planning for the towing
         operations
9.2      Safe clearances from installations and obstructions whilst towing
         considering environmental factors
9.3      Passing the offshore installations on the safe side/lee side
9.4      Timely actions by drifting /derelict ships for safety of fixed
         offshore installations
9.5      Using all available resources in vicinity including helicopter and
         standby vessels for offshore installations
10 Maintaining safe tow- adjusting length of tow, freshening the bight               0:5:0
10.1     Correct lay of the towrope whilst towing
10.2     Correct length of towrope and length adjustment
10.3     Freshening the bight and avoiding heating of rope,

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         chaffing/disfiguring of strands, avoiding bad nip etc
10.4     Precautions to avoid bad nips, excessive strain, chaffing, girding
         prevention
10.5     Tow watching organization and actions onboard towing and towed
         ships
11 Reconnecting the tow in case of tow breaking or reconnecting               1:0:0
with emergency/improvised towing arrangement
11.1     Breaking of tow – actions by towing and towed ship
11.2     Preparations for reconnecting tow
11.3     Reconnecting tow
11.4     Speed limitation and course selection for avoiding breaking of
         tow
12 Towing in inclement weather                                                1:0:0
12.1     Factors to be considered in Passage planning for the towing
         operations in inclement weather
12.2     Action to be taken I inclement weather to avoid parting of tow
13 Passing tow by helicopter/ boat                                            1:0:0
13.1    Procedure and gear used for passing the tow by Boat
13.2    Procedure and gear used for passing the tow by helicopter
14 Recovery of tow                                                            0:5:0
14.1    Method of disconnecting the tow – navigational and seamanship
        aspects
14.2    Procedure of Recovery of tow
14.3    Securing the towing gear
15 Assessment and Feedback                                                    1:0:0
15       Carry out assessment and Feedback in the classroom.




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- 11 -
Annexure IV

                             SPECIMEN CERTIFICATE


                             (Name and Address of Institute)


Certificate No. ________________________

This is to certify that __________________________________

Date of Birth __________________

Holder of C.D.C No _________________ Passport No. ________________________

INDOS No.____________________ has attended and successfully completed the course on


“SAFE OPERATION AND EMERGENCY TOWING OPERATIONS (LEVEL 2-
MANAGEMENT)”

From:________________________________To: ________________________________


This course is approved by Directorate General of Shipping and meets the requirements of
conducting safe and emergency towing operations.



                          _2_______________

  Passport size
     photo
                                                    Official Seal




Signature of Holder                                 Issued at ________ on___________




____________________                                       _______________
Course-In-Charge                                           Principal /Director




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