BYZANTINE EMPIRE - PowerPoint by o9S16v4

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									BYZANTINE
 EMPIRE


  CHAPTER 11
 I. The Byzantine Empire
A. Location
1. Eastern Roman Empire – still standing after the fall of
    Rome in the West
2. Constantinople – capital; formerly Byzantium;
    becomes trading & religious center in East
3. Stands for over 1,000 years after the fall of Rome –
    A.D. 394-1453
Close up of Constantinople
        B. Reign of Emperor
              Justinian
1. Empire had been split in A.D. 395
2. Justinian tried to reunite the empire by retaking lands
    in the west & Africa
  a. sent Belisarius to retake Africa from Germanic
      tribes in 533
  b. 535 - Belisarius took Rome from Ostrogoths
  c. rebuilt Constantinople; built churches (Hagia
     Sophia - “Holy Wisdom”)
Mosaic: a picture or decoration made of small,
usually colored pieces of inlaid stone, glass, etc. / art of
creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of
colored glass, stone, or other materials
        B. Reign of Emperor
              Justinian
2. Justinian’s Code – lasted about 900 years – 4 parts
  a. The Code: 5,000 Roman laws still considered
      useful from the western Roman Empire
  b. The Digest: summary of opinions of Rome’s
     greatest legal thinkers
  c. The Institutes:
     textbook telling
     law students how
     to use the code
  d. The Novellae:
     new laws passed
     after 534 A.D.
       B. Reign of Emperor
             Justinian
3. Empress Theodora –
Justinian’s wife; helped him rule
   a. met with/wrote to foreign
      leaders
   b. influenced the passing of
      laws to protect women and
      give them more rights
   c. aided in church building
    B. Reign of
 Emperor Justinian
4. Church building – important aspect of
   Byzantine architecture -ex: Hagia Sophia (basilica – mosque – museum)
    a. visible sign of relationship between church and state
    b. way to impress foreign powers
    c. intimidation
 C. Split Between East &West
1. Economic – as trade revived in the west, it caused
   competition in East

2. Religious – developed differently due to distance and lack
   of contact between the two regions

      a. icons: sacred images

      b. controversy over icons- eastern Christians used icons
         to aid their devotions but Emperor Leo III of the
         Byzantine Empire banned icons because he said it
         was idol worship
 C. Split Between East &West
c. 1054 – The Great Schism – split in the Church
   i. Pope and Byzantine patriarch excommunicate each
     other – already many conflicts between the two but a
     dispute over religious doctrine led to excommunication
   ii. East – Greek Orthodox Church (Constantinople); West –
      Roman Catholic (Rome)
      Going Their Separate Ways
             Christianity officially splits

Roman Catholic in
                             Greek Orthodox
 the West
                                 in the East
     CHRISTIANITY TODAY
           WEST
                               SCHISM                   EAST
REFORMATION


ROMAN            PROTESTANTS
CATHOLICISM                                    EASTERN ORTHODOXY



      BAPTIST, METHODIST, PENTECOSTAL, CHURCH OF GOD,
      MORMON, CHURCH OF CHRIST, PRESBYTERIAN, ETC.
      ETC. ETC.
      IF YOU HAVE AN OPINION FORM YOUR OWN CHURCH
  D. Byzantine Heritage
1.Mixture of Roman, Greek, Christian, Middle Eastern
  cultures
2.Preserved Greco-Roman laws and traditions
3.Decline began as Civil Wars began to weaken empire
4.Also attacked by Christian crusaders and Ottoman Turks
5.Ottoman Turks conquer Constantinople in 1453; rename it
  Istanbul

								
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