Docstoc

Direct and Indirect Objects - Edublogs

Document Sample
Direct and Indirect Objects - Edublogs Powered By Docstoc
					        Grammar Groove : Direct Objects

In order to find the direct object, first you must:
1. Find action verb
2. Ask “who?” or “what?”
     after the action verb
     One of the questions will be answered if there
     is a direct object.

            Example: Mary sang a song.
1. The action is “sang.”
2. Sang who? Sang what? The second question is
   answered. The answer “song” is my direct object.
          Try another one:

Example: We visited Virginia Beach.
    1. The action verb is “visited.”
    2. Visted who? Visted what? The
       second question is answered. That
       means that “Virginia Beach” is my
direct object.
        Grammar Groove : Direct Objects

•The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A
direct object will never be in a prepositional
phrase. The direct object will not rename the
subject as the predicate nominative, nor does it
have a linking verb .
•Direct objects may be compound.
                       Example:
        The gorilla hit the ball and the swing.
         Ask: The gorilla hit whom or what?
  Ball and swing answer the question, so ball and
            swing are the direct objects.
           Today’s Practice:
1. Paul built a doll house for Hayley.
2. The club members held a party in the
  park.
3. The audience cheered their favorite
  actors during the play.
4. Tiny children prefer short stories.
5. Terri really dialed a wrong number last
  night.
                ANSWERS:
1. Paul built a doll house for Hayley.
2. The club members held a party in the park.
3. The audience cheered their favorite actors during the play.
4. Tiny children prefer short stories.
5. Terri really dialed a wrong number last night.
   Find the subjects, verbs, and direct
       objects in these sentences:
1. The students of these lessons have studied
  subjects and verbs.
2. The hungry man ate cake, pie and rolls
  continually.
3. John wants a bicycle and a wagon for Christmas.
4. Everyone at the party enjoyed the hamburgers,
  hot dogs, potato chips and drinks.
5. Grandma left her umbrella and coat at our
  house.
               Answers:
  subjects, verbs, and direct objects :
1. The students of these lessons have studied subjects and
   verbs.
2. The hungry man ate cake, pie and rolls continually.
3. John wants a bicycle and a wagon for Christmas.
4. Everyone at the party enjoyed the hamburgers, hot dogs,
   potato chips and drinks.
5. Grandma left her umbrella and coat at our house.
    How to Find an Indirect Object
1. Find the action verb
2. Ask “who?” or “what?” after the action verb.
• If you get answers to both questions, you have found both a
   direct object and an indirect object.
• The “who?” will be the indirect object, and it will come after the
   action verb.
• The “what?” will be the direct object, and it will come after the
   indirect object.
• The sentence pattern will always be S – V- IO -DO.
Example: Mom gave me a cookie.
      1. The action verb is “gave.”
      2. Gave who? Me. Gave what? Cookie. Both of these
      questions got an answer. That means that “me” is the
      indirect object and “cookie” is the direct object.
 How to Find an Indirect Object
• Another example: Lucy brought her a present
  – The action verb is brought.
  – Brought who? her
  – Brought what? a present
• Since both questions had answers, you have found
  both a direct object and an indirect object.
• “Her” is the IO. “Present” is a DO.
                    Examples
•   The girl gave me a new pair of shoes.
•   Lili tipped the waiter five dollars.
•   Toby hit Dwight with a piece of jell-o.
•   Carmen danced with Robert at the dance.
•   Fred gave Betty a new string of pearls.
•   Lauren bought Lo a new Tiffany bracelet.
•   Sunny loved Cher with all of his heart.
                    Examples
•   The girl gave me a new pair of shoes.
•   Lili tipped the waiter five dollars.
•   Toby hit Dwight with a piece of jell-o.
•   Carmen danced with Robert at the dance.
•   Fred gave Betty a new string of pearls.
•   Lauren bought Lo a new Tiffany bracelet.
•   Sunny loved Cher with all of his heart.
                   Examples
•   Tomorrow, Lucy will give Bill his money back.
•   Granny hit Gramps with an apple core.
•   Mary gave Little Boy Blue her little lamb.
•   After the dance, Sally gave her mom the leftover money.
•   In the beginning, Tom helped Drew with his homework.
•   In the office, Michael threw Jim a pretzel.
                   Examples
•   Tomorrow, Lucy will give Bill his money back.
•   Granny hit Gramps with an apple core.
•   Mary gave Little Boy Blue her little lamb.
•   After the dance, Sally gave her mom the leftover money.
•   In the beginning, Tom helped Drew with his homework.
•   In the office, Michael threw Jim a pretzel.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:9/28/2012
language:English
pages:13