Unit 1 Test Study Guide by L587rDN

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									Unit 1 Test Study Guide: Expansion


1. According to one theory, after humans migrated from Asia to Alaska, they
              a. settled mostly in the Great Plains of North America.
              b. gradually created one large, uniform culture.
              c. dispersed and settled from the Arctic Circle to the tip of South America.
              d. created a culture almost identical to that of the Europeans.
2. A comparison of Native American societies in North America reveals that
              a. culture and language were the same everywhere.
              b. distinct cultures arose from differences in local climate and terrain.
              c. all were nomadic with little knowledge of agriculture.
              d. local environments had little impact on cultural developments.
3. What was the purpose of trade among all Native American groups?
4. What was Columbus searching for when he sailed from Spain?
5. What was the major cause of death among Native Americans after white settler arrived?
6. Why did the English drive the Dutch from New York?
              a. England wanted a base from which to fight the Spanish.
              b. The Dutch had been persecuting English settlers.
              c. England and Holland had gone to war in Europe.
              d. England envied New York’s prosperity under the Dutch.
7. Which colonies were founded in an attempt to escape religious persecution?
8. Why did Spain want to establish missions in America?
9. What were English explorers like Cabot, Frobisher, and Hudson searching for?
10. What was the main factor that allowed the Virginia colony to survive?
11. What was the main purpose of French settlement in North America?
12. Why did the Puritans migrate to New England?
13. For what purpose were Pennsylvania and Maryland established?
14. What did the French hope to gain by settling in the Northeast?
15. How did Puritans regard different ideas and cultures?
16. Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia are known as
17. The first Europeans to settle New York were
18. Pennsylvania was founded as a haven for which religious group?
19. Why is the Louisiana Purchase significant?
20. Why did Northern states object to admitting Missouri as a slave state?
              a. it would almost certainly lead to civil war.
              b. they were afraid slavery would spread to the North.
              c. it would increase the power of the southern states in the Senate.
              d. the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 forbade it.
21. Where would slavery be allowed according to the Missouri Compromise?
22. What did the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 do?
23. How did Native American migration differ from that of white Americans?
24. Settlers in Texas fought a war for independence against whom?
25. Starting in 1843, settlers moved west in organized wagon trains along which trail?
26. Most pioneers who settled west of the Appalachians were
             a. families looking for good land.
             b. miners looking for gold and silver.
             c. missionaries seeking converts.
             d. bankers from New York and Boston.
27. One consequence of western expansion for Native Americans was
             a. a rebirth of their traditions.
             b. lost land and population.
             c. increased acceptance by white settlers.
             d. enslavement.
28. Which religious group faced discrimination in many areas before settling in Salt Lake City in Utah Territory?
29. The territory the United States gained after the Mexican War
             a. helped to resolve tensions between the North and South.
             b. was opened to settlers with or without slaves.
             c. contributed to worsening relations between the North and South.
             d. did not affect the slavery issue.
30. Under popular sovereignty, the decision whether or not to allow slavery in a territory was made by whom?
31. What did Senator Stephen Douglas propose in the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
32. What does the phrase “Manifest Destiny” refer to?
33. With which issue was the Wilmot Proviso concerned?
34. Which of the following was a provision of the Compromise of 1850?
             a. California would be a free state.
             b. Missouri would be a free state.
             c. Slavery would be prohibited in New Mexico and Utah.
             d. No new states or territories would be allowed to have slaves.
35. How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act affect slavery in the new territories?
36. How did the government contribute to the building of the transcontinental railroad?
37. Which event led to the Spanish-American War?
38. Which was a result of the Spanish-American War?
             a. Cuba became a Spanish protectorate.
             b. Puerto Rico and Guam were made unincorporated U.S. territories.
             c. Spain admitted it had blown up the Maine.
             d. The Philippines won independence from foreign rule.
39. What connection was made between imperialism and the American frontier?
             a. Imperialism would help close the frontier.
             b. Closing the frontier would spur competition.
             c. Imperialism would offer Americans a new frontier.
             d. Imperialism would make the world more like the United States.
40. The United States followed a policy of expansionism in the late 1800s because
             a. European nations were eager to sell rights to their colonies.
             b. many Americans were demanding high-quality foreign goods.
             c. U.S. factories needed foreign laborers.
             d. the nation sought more markets for its goods.
41. As a result of the Spanish-American War,
             a. Puerto Rico became an unincorporated territory of the United States.
             b. Cuba was divided into spheres of influence.
             c. the Philippines became a Spanish colony.
             d. the United States gained rights to the Panama Canal.
42. Why was the building of the Panama Canal important?
43. Describe imperialism.
44. The Monroe Doctrine and social Darwinism contributed to
            a. European imperialism.
            b. American expansionism.
            c. industrial growth.
            d. financial panic and depression.
45. Why did the United States annex the Midway Islands?
46. The banana republics of Central America were
            a. controlled by American business interests.
            b. annexed by the United States in 1867.
            c. popular with American tourists.
            d. invaded by several European nations in the late 1800s.
47. What did the United States gain as a result of the peace treaty with Spain at the end of the Spanish American War?
48. How did the United States acquire control of the Isthmus of Panama from Colombia?
49. Anti-imperialists argued that imperialism rejected the principle of
            a. liberty for all.
            b. universal suffrage.
            c. manifest destiny.
            d. religious freedom.
50. To others, foreign lands were new frontiers that would help Americans
            a. keep their competitive edge.
            b. develop new farming technology.
            c. maintain their independence.
            d. find more sources of gold and silver.
Unit 1 Test: Expansion
Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

      1. ANS: C               DIF: Average         REF: 5               OBJ: 1.1.1
         TOP: North American settlers, Climate
         NOT: 1.1.1—Find out how the Americas were settled and how the settlers adapted to the climate of North
         America.
      2. ANS: B               DIF: Average         REF: 5               OBJ: 1.1.1
         TOP: North American settlers, Climate
         NOT: 1.1.1—Find out how the Americas were settled and how the settlers adapted to the climate of North
         America.
      3. ANS: A               DIF: Average         REF: 9               OBJ: 1.1.3
         TOP: Native American, Trade and beliefs
         NOT: 1.1.3—Discover how trade and beliefs about land affected Native American economies.
      4. ANS: C               DIF: Average         REF: 23              OBJ: 1.4.2
         TOP: Christopher Columbus
         NOT: 1.4.2—Find out about events that occurred on Columbus’s expeditions.
      5. ANS: B               DIF: Average         REF: 27              OBJ: 1.4.3
         TOP: Christopher Columbus
         NOT: 1.4.3—Learn about the debate concerning the impact of Columbus’s voyages.
      6. ANS: D               DIF: Average         REF: 60              OBJ: 2.4.1
         TOP: New York, Dutch colonization
         NOT: 2.4.1—Discover the early history of the Dutch in New York.
      7. ANS: B               DIF: Challenging REF: 60–63               OBJ: 2.4.2, 2.4.3
         TOP: Middle Colonies, Religious persecution
         NOT: 2.4.2—Find out about characteristics of the other Middle Colonies; 2.4.3—See why people settled in
         the Southern Colonies.
      8. ANS: A               DIF: Average         REF: 40              OBJ: 2.1.2
         TOP: Spanish colonization, Missions
         NOT: 2.1.2—See why the Spanish pushed for settlement in regions of North America.
      9. ANS: C               DIF: Easy            REF: 43              OBJ: 2.2.1
         TOP: Northwest Passage, Geography         NOT: 2.2.1—Discover the goals of England’s explorers.
     10. ANS: D               DIF: Average         REF: 46              OBJ: 2.2.3
         TOP: English colonization
         NOT: 2.2.3—Discover the role of tobacco in Virginia and find out how it contributed to Bacon’s Rebellion.
     11. ANS: B               DIF: Easy            REF: 50              OBJ: 2.3.1
         TOP: French colonization, Fur trade
         NOT: 2.3.1—Learn about the pattern of French settlement in North America.
     12. ANS: A               DIF: Easy            REF: 52              OBJ: 2.3.2
         TOP: Puritans, Religious persecution
         NOT: 2.3.2—Discover the goals of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies.
     13. ANS: A               DIF: Average         REF: 60–62           OBJ: 2.4.2
         TOP: Middle Colonies, Religious persecution
         NOT: 2.4.2—Find out about characteristics of the other Middle Colonies.
     14. ANS: A               DIF: Average         REF: 49              OBJ: 2.3.1
         TOP: American colonization
    NOT:   2.3.1—Learn about the pattern of French settlement in North America.
15. ANS:   D              DIF: Average          REF: 52              OBJ: 2.3.2
    TOP:   American colonization
    NOT:   2.3.2—Discover the goals of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies.
16. ANS:   C              DIF: Average          REF: 62              OBJ: 2.4.3
    TOP:   American colonization                NOT: 2.4.3—See why people settled in the Southern Colonies.
17. ANS:   B              DIF: Average          REF: 59              OBJ: 2.4.1
    TOP:   American colonization
    NOT:   2.4.1—Discover the early history of the Dutch in New York.
18. ANS:   C              DIF: Average          REF: 62              OBJ: 2.4.2
    TOP:   American colonization
    NOT:   2.4.2—Find out about characteristics of the other Middle Colonies.
19. ANS:   C              DIF: Average          REF: 215             OBJ: 6.3.3
    TOP:   Jefferson’s achievements
    NOT:   6.3.3—Find out how Jefferson achieved his program in the West.
20. ANS:   C              DIF: Average          REF: 229             OBJ: 6.5.4
    TOP:   Missouri Compromise
    NOT:   6.5.4—Learn about issues that led to the Missouri Compromise.
21. ANS:   B              DIF: Average          REF: 229             OBJ: 6.5.4
    TOP:   Missouri Compromise
    NOT:   6.5.4—Learn about issues that led to the Missouri Compromise.
22. ANS:   C              DIF: Average          REF: 252             OBJ: 7.2.2
    TOP:   Adams-Onís Treaty, Geography, Florida
    NOT:   7.2.2—See how the United States expanded into Florida.
23. ANS:   A              DIF: Average          REF: 250–251         OBJ: 7.2.1
    TOP:   Native Americans, Migration
    NOT:   7.2.1—Discover how and why settlers crossed the Appalachians.
24. ANS:   B              DIF: Average          REF: 264             OBJ: 7.3.3
    TOP:   Texas independence
    NOT:   7.3.3—Find out why Texas fought to win its independence from Mexico.
25. ANS:   B              DIF: Average          REF: 254             OBJ: 7.2.3
    TOP:   Manifest destiny
    NOT:   7.2.3—Find out about factors that motivated American migrants bound for the Pacific.
26. ANS:   A              DIF: Average          REF: 243             OBJ: 7.1.2
    TOP:   Migration, Early 1800s society
    NOT:   7.1.2—Learn about some important social changes of the early 1800s.
27. ANS:   B              DIF: Average          REF: 250–251         OBJ: 7.2.1
    TOP:   Westward expansion
    NOT:   7.2.1—Discover how and why settlers crossed the Appalachians.
28. ANS:   A              DIF: Average          REF: 255             OBJ: 7.2.3
    TOP:   Morman migration
    NOT:   7.2.3—Find out about factors that motivated American migrants bound for the Pacific.
29. ANS:   C              DIF: Average          REF: 354             OBJ: 10.2.3
    TOP:   North/South tensions                 NOT: 10.2.3—See why the Wilmot Proviso led to conflict.
30. ANS:   B              DIF: Average          REF: 360             OBJ: 10.3.4
    TOP:   Kansas-Nebraska Act
    NOT:   10.3.4—Find out why Stephen Douglas proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
31. ANS:   C              DIF: Average          REF: 360             OBJ: 10.3.4
    TOP:   Kansas-Nebraska Act
    NOT: 10.3.4—Find out why Stephen Douglas proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
32. ANS: B              DIF: Average         REF: 351                OBJ: 10.2.1
    TOP: Manifest destiny
    NOT: 10.2.1—Learn about events that led to the annexation of Texas.
33. ANS: C              DIF: Average         REF: 354                OBJ: 10.2.3
    TOP: Wilmot Proviso                      NOT: 10.2.3—See why the Wilmot Proviso led to conflict.
34. ANS: A              DIF: Average         REF: 356                OBJ: 10.3.2
    TOP: Compromise of 1850
    NOT: 10.3.2—Learn what was accomplished by the Compromise of 1850.
35. ANS: B              DIF: Average         REF: 360–361            OBJ: 10.3.4
    TOP: Kansas-Nebraska Act
    NOT: 10.3.4—Find out why Stephen Douglas proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
36. ANS: C              DIF: Average         REF: 460                OBJ: 13.1.3
    TOP: Railroads
    NOT: 13.1.3—Discover the effects the development of railroads had on industrial growth.
37. ANS: A              DIF: Average         REF: 590–591            OBJ: 17.2.2
    TOP: Spanish-American War
    NOT: 17.2.2—Find out about events leading up to and following the Spanish-American War.
38. ANS: B              DIF: Average         REF: 593                OBJ: 17.2.3
    TOP: Spanish-American War
    NOT: 17.2.3—Discover challenges faced by the United States after the war.
39. ANS: C              DIF: Easy            REF: 584–590            OBJ: 17.1.3
    TOP: American imperialism
    NOT: 17.1.3—See the arguments made in favor of United States expansion in the 1890s.
40. ANS: D              DIF: Average         REF: 584–585            OBJ: 17.1.2
    TOP: American imperialism, Economics
    NOT: 17.1.2—Learn about the ways in which the United States began to expand its interests abroad in the
    1800s.
41. ANS: A              DIF: Average         REF: 593                OBJ: 17.2.2
    TOP: Spanish-American War
    NOT: 17.2.2—Find out about events leading up to and following the Spanish-American War.
42. ANS: C              DIF: Challenging REF: 598                    OBJ: 17.3.1
    TOP: Panama Canal
    NOT: 17.3.1—Find out why the United States wanted to build the Panama Canal.
43. ANS: D              DIF: Average         REF: 584–585            OBJ: 17.1.1
    TOP: Economics, American imperialism
    NOT: 17.1.1—Find out about the factors that led to the growth of imperialism around the world.
44. ANS: B              DIF: Average         REF: 585–586            OBJ: 17.1.2
    TOP: American expansionism
    NOT: 17.1.2—Learn about the ways in which the United States began to expand its interests abroad in the
    1800s.
45. ANS: B              DIF: Average         REF: 586                OBJ: 17.1.2
    TOP: American imperialism
    NOT: 17.1.2—Learn about the ways in which the United States began to expand its interests abroad in the
    1800s.
46. ANS: A              DIF: Average         REF: 587                OBJ: 17.1.2
    TOP: American imperialism
    NOT: 17.1.2—Learn about the ways in which the United States began to expand its interests abroad in the
    1800s.
47. ANS:   B              DIF: Average        REF: 593              OBJ: 17.2.2
    TOP:   Spanish-American War
    NOT:   17.2.2—Find out about events leading up to and following the Spanish-American War.
48. ANS:   D              DIF: Average        REF: 598              OBJ: 17.3.1
    TOP:   Panama Canal
    NOT:   17.3.1—Find out why the United States wanted to build the Panama Canal.
49. ANS:   A              DIF: Average        REF: 605              OBJ: 17.4.1
    TOP:   Anti-imperialism
    NOT:   17.4.1—Examine the main arguments raised by the anti-imperialists.
50. ANS:   A              DIF: Average        REF: 606              OBJ: 17.4.2
    TOP:   Imperialism NOT: 17.4.2—See why imperialism appealed to many Americans.

								
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