Accessing Disability Support Services at the Post-Secondary Level by 81eN6G


									Michigan Association on
 Higher Education and

Accessing Disability
 Support Services

       at the
  Post Secondary
Federal Mandates
   Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA),
    Re-authorized 2005
        Entitlement    Act

   Vocational Rehabilitation Act, 1973 Section 504
        Civil   Rights Act

   Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 1990
        Civil   Rights Act
    Entitlement vs. Civil Rights
   The institution is          The key to Civil Rights is
    responsibile to find,        equal access (leveling
    assess and remediate         the playing field)
    disabling conditions        The responsibility is
   The implications of an       shifted to the individual
    entitlement act result      Services are aimed at
    in a broader range of        equal opportunity and
    services and                 access to programs
                                504 and ADA
   IDEA
    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

   The law that provides for students with disabilities
    in the K-12 system emphasizing special education
    and related services…to prepare for further
    education, employment, and independent living.

   Retains the major provisions of earlier federal laws
    in this area, including: FAPE, LRE, due process,
    procedural safeguards.

   Ends when students exit secondary education.

   Entitlement Act
Section 504
   No otherwise qualified individual with disabilities in the
    United States...

   shall, solely by reason of his/her disability, be excluded
    from the participation in,

   be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination
    under any program or activity receiving federal financial

   504 plan from High School does not carry over to higher

   Civil Rights
      “Otherwise Qualified”
         and “Qualified”
   Student must be able to meet technical and academic
    standards of program regardless of disability. (504)

   Means an individual with a disability who, with or without
    reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential
    functions of the employment position that such individual
    holds or desires. (ADA)

   Institutional “student code of conduct” applies regardless of

   Disability status does not excuse violation of unacceptable
    behavior in regard to SCC.
        The Americans with
          Disabilities Act
   The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is
    modeled after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Title
    V of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.

   Its purpose is to establish a clear and
    comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the
    basis of disability... to extend to people with
    disabilities civil rights similar to those now available
    to people without regard to race, color, sex,
    national origin or religion.”

   Civil Rights
Individual with a Disability
  Is regarded as having such
   an impairment;
  Has a physical or mental
   impairment that substantially
   limits a major life activity;
  Has a history or record of
   such impairment;
    Understanding the transition
                  (K-12 vs. College)
   School must assess               Student must disclose

   Once diagnosed the students      Student must provide
    must receive services             acceptable current
    (entitlement)                     documentation before
                                      becoming eligible for services
   Parents can receive
    information about their          Parents cannot receive
    children                          information about their
                                      children (FERPA)
   Parents can initiate
    communication with teachers      Students must initiate
                                      communication with instructors
   Students receive assistance
    with technology                  Students must know how to
                                      use technology

producing the intended or
     expected effect

    reasonable vs. preferential
Any modification or adjustment that
will assure equal opportunity to
rights and privileges of all programs
and services offered by a post
secondary institution.

    All accommodations are based on
             documented need.
   Reasonable Accommodations
Academic adjustments such as extended
 time to complete tests, coursework, or
Tape recording of classes
Taped textbooks, e-text, note taking
Alternative testing and evaluation
    Academic Adjustments
       NOT Required
If it would fundamentally alter the nature of the
When the academic requirements are essential to
 a program of study or to meet licensing
If it would be an undue burden

       significant difficulty or expense
Auxiliary Aids and Services
Qualified interpreters,
note takers,
real time transcription services,
written materials,
assistive listening systems,
closed captioned decoders,
 open and closed captioning,
       NON Examples
individually prescribed devices
 (glasses, canes, wheelchairs,
 hearing aids, computers, etc.),
 readers for personal use or
other devices of a personal
     Student Obligations
Self identify that he or she has a

Indicate the need for accommodation

Provide appropriate documentation
 at the student’s expense to establish
 the existence of the disability and the
 need for accommodation
Institutional Obligations

Provide reasonable accommodations for the
 student’s known disabilities
Afford him/her an equal opportunity to
 participate in the institution’s programs,
 activities, and services (including
 extracurricular activities)
May not discriminate based on disability
Provide auxiliary aids and services
  Issues to Consider When
     Choosing a College
Are there people on campus who have
 experience with your type of disability?
  Disability services office
  Financial aid
  Academic advising
  Health center
  Academic support services
Is there a separate admissions process?
 Choosing a college, cont.

Are there separate programs and are
 there additional charges?

How sensitive are faculty?

Are there specialized tutoring
 programs and what are the costs?
Specific considerations
   based on disability…
       Learning Disabilities and
      Attention Deficit Disorders
   Can a student take a          Classroom
    reduced course load            accommodations such
    and still be considered        as extended time, note
    full time?                     takers, quiet room,
   Can a student obtain a         books on tape.
    substitution or a waiver
    for a course?                 Assistive technology
   Does the school have
    guidelines or criteria
    for documentation of
     Mobility Disabilities
 Housing           Wheelchair repair
 Transportation     referrals
 Mobility on       Building

  campus             accessibility
 Personal          Health Center

         Blindness and Visual
   Classroom             Availability and
    accommodations         type of computer
    such as                programs
    overheads, board
    work, labs, test      Funding sources
    format, videos        Housing
   Alternate format      Transportation
    for textbooks         Campus mobility
   Assistive
    Deaf and Hard of Hearing

 Note takers
                      Adapted housing
 Teachers who
                      Interpreters
  speak English as
  a second            Real time

  language             captioning
 Captioned videos    Assistive listening

                      TDD availability
     Psychiatric Disabilities

Availability of Absences
 local treatment Classroom
Funding          accommodations
 sources          e.g., extended
Disclosure       time, note takers,
 issues           separate testing
Support groups   location
    Goal: Equal Access

Benefits, aids and services, to be equally
effective, are not required to produce the
identical result or level of achievement.

Accommodations must afford equal
opportunity to obtain the same result or to
reach the same level of achievement.
Eight Ways College is
  Different than High
   Academic Environment

    More competitive – In four-year schools
     especially, the majority of students have
     taken college preparatory classes in high

    More work – more reading, writing, and
     larger assignments. Less extra credit.

    Quicker and Less flexible deadlines.
   Grading
     May be based on tests only.

     You may receive a grade in the course with
      fewer tests and papers (but longer). There may
      be several chapters of material on each test.

     Requires self-monitoring. Often must calculate
      yourself as the semester progresses.
   Knowledge Acquisition

     There is more reliance on note taking and
      reading comprehension.
     Text and materials may be assigned but not
      taught in class.
     Test items often includes material not taught or
      reviewed in class.
     There is an expectation that students can “self
   Support

    The overall amount is significantly less.

     The relationship with instructors is
     more impersonal and distant.

    The student is responsible for contact
     and requesting the accommodations
     needed throughout the semester.

   Responsibility

     The responsibility is on the student.

     No other person monitors homework completion.

     No one to “check in” and see how you’re doing.

   Stress

     Significantly more stress due to the previous
      academic factors.

     Time management issues, such as work,
      homework, residential living, family obligations.

     Prioritizing commitments.

   Distractions

    College social life—more opportunities to
     socialize, more adult activities, more
     appealing activities than the classroom.

    Residence halls--more to do, more
     people, more noise, potentially less rest.
  The student is responsible for finding the
   appropriate office on campus for
   accommodations BEFORE the start of the

  The student must make an appointment to
   register and request accommodations.

  The student must have current documentation
   that supports the accommodation requests.

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