The Puritans and the Quakers

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					The Puritans and
  the Quakers
 Pgs. 206-207 and 215-216
The Puritans - 1628
   Approximately 10 years after the Pilgrims came
    to America for religious freedom, another group
    seeking religious freedom settled around the
    Massachusetts Bay near Boston.
   This group called themselves Puritans because
    they wanted their religion to be more “pure.”
   They too, disagreed with the Church of England,
    but unlike the Pilgrims did not separate from the
    church.
Landing in America – 1628-1630
   In 1630 John Winthrop became the leader
    of the Puritans.
   He brought more than 1,000 Puritans
    traveling on 15 ships to the Massachusetts
    Bay Colony.
   John Winthrop led the colony for the next
    20 years.
Puritans Beliefs
   Everyone should be able to read the Bible.
   Parents were required by law to teach their
    children to read.
   Schools were required for towns with more
    than 50 families.
   Schools were open all year with no summer
    vacation.
Harvard University
   Learning was
    important to the
    Puritans.
   They founded the first
    college in the English
    colonies.
   In 1636 they built
    Harvard University, in
    Cambridge,
    Massachusetts.
The Quakers - 1681
   In 1681 the English king gave William Penn
    permission to begin a colony in
    Pennsylvania.
   Penn was a member of a religious group
    called the Quakers.
   English Quakers were being treated
    unfairly in England because of their beliefs.
Quaker Beliefs
   All people are equal and
    basically good.
   Violence is always wrong.
   Quakers refuse to carry
    guns or fight.
   Solving problems should
    always be done
    peacefully.
Frame of Government
   William Penn wrote a
    document called the Frame
    of Government similar to
    the Mayflower Compact.
   It allowed freedom of
    speech, freedom of
    worship, and trial by jury.
   A council of men was
    appointed to make laws for
    the colony.
Philadelphia
   William Penn planned the settlements of
    Pennsylvania.
   He designed the town of Philadelphia. The
    town was designed like a checkerboard.
   Philadelphia became an important port
    town because of its location on the
    Delaware River.
   Many immigrants came to Philadelphia.

				
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