The Puritans and
Pgs. 206-207 and 215-216
The Puritans - 1628
Approximately 10 years after the Pilgrims came
to America for religious freedom, another group
seeking religious freedom settled around the
Massachusetts Bay near Boston.
This group called themselves Puritans because
they wanted their religion to be more “pure.”
They too, disagreed with the Church of England,
but unlike the Pilgrims did not separate from the
Landing in America – 1628-1630
In 1630 John Winthrop became the leader
of the Puritans.
He brought more than 1,000 Puritans
traveling on 15 ships to the Massachusetts
John Winthrop led the colony for the next
Everyone should be able to read the Bible.
Parents were required by law to teach their
children to read.
Schools were required for towns with more
than 50 families.
Schools were open all year with no summer
important to the
They founded the first
college in the English
In 1636 they built
Harvard University, in
The Quakers - 1681
In 1681 the English king gave William Penn
permission to begin a colony in
Penn was a member of a religious group
called the Quakers.
English Quakers were being treated
unfairly in England because of their beliefs.
All people are equal and
Violence is always wrong.
Quakers refuse to carry
guns or fight.
Solving problems should
always be done
Frame of Government
William Penn wrote a
document called the Frame
of Government similar to
the Mayflower Compact.
It allowed freedom of
speech, freedom of
worship, and trial by jury.
A council of men was
appointed to make laws for
William Penn planned the settlements of
He designed the town of Philadelphia. The
town was designed like a checkerboard.
Philadelphia became an important port
town because of its location on the
Many immigrants came to Philadelphia.