Curtin University, Perth
Mengajarkan Bahasa Indonesia dengan
mendiskusikan 4 aspek:
1. Kegiatan apa yang sedang terjadi : memberi
instruksi bagaimana membuat nasi goreng
2. Para pelaku (komunitas wacana): antara
siapa dan siapa: pengajar dan yang diajar
3. Peranan bahasa: tulis/Lisan,
4. Ciri-ciri genre yang diajarkan
1) Reflective teaching – student needs.
2)To reassess the learning and teaching of
Goebel (2002) Indonesian programs require some
rethinking in view of the complex multilingual nature of
- to keep up with the development of Indonesian
language in Indonesia.
- as used in magazines, newspapers, television,
- and spoken language.
1. APA SIH BAHASA GAUL?
* BAHASA LISAN
* BAHASA INFORMAL * BAHASA PERCAKAPAN
* BAHASA SEHARI-HARI
* BAHASA TIDAK RESMI * BAHASA NON-BAKU
* BAHASA ABG (ANAK BARU GEDE)
* BAHASA GAUL
* BAHASA JAKARTA * BAHASA BETAWI
* BAHASA DAERAH
* BAHASA PROKEM * BAHASA WARIA
Rogers (2006) - that Bahasa
Gaul/ABG/Prokem is different from
Bahasa Lisan – a distinct language form in
But different in specific vocabulary,
prepositions, use of affixes, particles,
usage (b. waria, prokem, gaul).
2. PERLU NGGAK SIH
NGAJAR BAHASA GAUL?
JAMES SNEDDON (2006)
COLLOQUIAL JAKARTA INDONESIAN
- Foreign language students - formal language
in informal situations.
- People modify their speech - the social situations,
- May use it in inappropriate circumstances.
- Colloquial Jakarta Indonesian - the
standard informal style.
-Indonesian has different high and low varieties
JAMES SNEDDON (2003)
The Indonesian Language: its history and role in modern society.
- Students - sensitivity to the sociolinguistic situation.
- Teachers - possess such awareness, have the
resources to teach and describe it effectively.
- Few resources are available, minimal discussion
on contextual appropriateness.
What type of informal language to teach –possible
usage, age, status, education, regions, social
Diglossia – the low code varieties(bahasa sehari-
hari) regarded as inferior to the high code.
To enable the learners to eavesdrop. (Johns,
To take part in a wider range of social
communication. (Johns, 1996)
- The attitudes of Indonesian people to the type
of Indonesian they expect foreigners to speak –
- Bahasa yang baik dan benar.
- “Penggunaan bahasa Indonesia pun semakin
campur aduk. Setelah 60 tahun kita merdeka,
ternyata kondisi bahasa Indonesia semakin
menyedihkan,” Dendy Sugono
The learning outcomes of the institution (analytical
and communicative skill, and cultural
Possible factors that affect students
•Unrealistic demands on
•Insufficient reinforcement of
*Insufficiently relevant to
LEARNING IS STRONGLY
DRIVEN BY ASSESSMENT
3. GIMANA SIH NGAJAR BAHASA GAUL?
LEARNING TO LEARN (Grenfell)
The strategies for learners of modern
• to learn by heart,
• to use context and clues,
• to apply patterns, rules, and exceptions,etc.
- To use their knowledge to
experiment with language.
- To develop strategies for
dealing with the unpredictable.
Language learning tasks are the means
to develop the skills (Grenfell)
• Students should be
able to turn a SKILL
into a STRATEGY
with a knowledge on
that guide them.
Indonesian 323 – Bahasa Gaul
• Learners are taught
strategies useful to
• Explanation and
teaching of grammar
automatically lead to
it being learned.
1. Preparation /consciousness-raising.
4. Action planning/goal setting and
5. Focused practice. (encourage to use it)
6. Evaluation of strategy acquisitions and
recommending the cycle. (reflection – usefulness)
Interaction with Indonesian students
(interview, transcribe, analyze, report)
Independent study (blogs, short stories,
translated novels, teaching materials,
Recording conversations on a CD – to the
whole class, to be assessed.
More practice on how to form questions –
More awareness on the diglossic situation
of Indonesian language.
(Ferguson) DIGLOSSIA - a
language situation in which, in
addition to the primary dialects of
the language (a standard or
regional standards), there is a very
divergent, highly codified
superposed variety of written
language, learned largely by
formal education/used for most
written and formal spoken
purposes but is not used by any
section of the community for
TION00012000000000000000. Retrieved on 3 July 2007
I think that Bahasa Gaul brings
with it a culture of fun and
a friendly atmosphere.
The use of Indonesian slang can
therefore reveal many things about
I believe the more one is exposed
to this informal register, the more
familiar it will become and the more
natural it will be to use.
It seems that it would be difficult to fully
involve yourself in activities in Indonesian
without some colloquial Indonesian.
Bahasa gaul seems quite structured
however the interview with A has made me
realise that the language can be left up to
one’s individual interpretation.
I was able to use my speaking skills by
conversing with them in the formal
I could use my listening skills by listening
to their responses to my questions using
the informal language and then I was
able to write utilizing both forms of the
language for the transcript and
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Goebel, Z (2002) When Do Indonesians Speak
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