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Skills-based health education including life skills

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					Skills-based health education
      including life skills
     What is the link?
   Child Friendly Schools

         F.R.E.S.H.

  Health Promoting Schools

Skills-based health education

          Life skills
Child Friendly Schools
Quality learners: healthy, well-nourished, ready to learn, and
         supported by their family and community
Quality content: curricula and materials for literacy,
         numeracy, knowledge, attitudes, and skills for life

Quality teaching-learning processes: child-centred;
         (life) skills-based approaches, technology

Quality learning environments: policies and practices,
         facilities (classrooms, water, sanitation), services
         (safety, physical and psycho-social health)

Quality outcomes: knowledge, attitudes and skills; suitable
         assessment, at classroom and national levels

             And gender-sensitive throughout
Child-seeking
         and Child-centred
   • Inclusive of children
   • Effective for learning
   • Healthy and protective for children
   • Involved with children, families, and
     communities
   • Gender-sensitive
      What is FRESH ?


Focusing
Resources on
Effective
School
Health
                     FRESH
Core intervention activities
• Effective health, hygiene and nutrition policies for
  schools
• Sanitation and access to safe water facilities for
  all schools
• Skills based health, hygiene & nutrition education
• School based health & nutrition services
Supporting activities
• Effective partnerships between teachers and health
  workers
• Effective community partnerships
• Pupil participation
What is skills-based health
        education ?

 • part of good quality education

 • not just for health issues
 • not just for schools
Skills-based health education...
- has behaviour change as part of programme
 objectives
- has a balance of knowledge, attitudes and skills
- uses participatory teaching and learning methods

- is based on student needs

- is gender sensitive throughout
    Content               Methods
         The                   The

    content areas           methods
         of
                          for teaching &
skills-health education      learning
                  Content               Methods


              What topic? What issue?

Knowledge           Attitudes             Skills
                                          (life)


About what?       Towards what?         For what?


              Learning Outcomes
Content
knowledge
            attitudes
                   (Life) Skills
 Communication skills
   Values analysis & clarification skills
     Decision making skills
      Coping & stress management skills
           Methods
for teaching & learning better
         - child-centred
         - interactive & participatory


     - group work & discussion
     - brainstorming
     - role play
     - educational games
     - debates
     - practising people skills
Who can facilitate?
     Just about anybody!

 - teachers
 - young people (peer educators)
 - community agencies
 - religious groups
 - others...
What settings can be used?
      Just about any setting!

 - school
 - community
 - street
 - vocational
 - religious
 - existing groups or clubs
 - others...
       Expected outcomes                                     HEALTH &
                                                           DEVELOPMENT
       Output depends on input                                GOALS


                                    BEHAVIOURAL
                                     OUTCOMES              % adolescents infected
                                                           with HIV (15-19; m:f)
           ANTECEDENTS:            % adolescents ever
           PROTECTIVE &            had sex (at ages 13,    % adolescents
           RISK FACTORS            15, 19)                 with STIs

           % adolescents who                               % adolescents addicted
           know how to protect     % adolescents using
                                   intravenous drugs       to intravenous drugs
           themselves

           % adolescents able to                          School, community,
                                   School, community      national plus...
Effort     resist unwanted sex     plus...
required                           policies, health
                                                          media campaigns,
                                                          national policies, health
       School ...                  services, community    & social services
       Skills-based health ed      partnerships...
       plus...
          Evaluation

Session/classroom level - immediate
                         KAS outcome
Behaviour level - behavioural outcome

Epidemiological level - health outcome
          Barriers
to the life skills approach
     - poorly understood
     - competing priorities
     - poor policy support
     - poor and uneven implementation
       3 main ways to implement
              in schools
     Fast Track                 Slow Track
1. “carrier” subject   2. separate subject
or unit of work           (long term option)
(short term option)



                       3. infusion/integration
                          (not recommended)
               Priority Actions
Away from…                        Towards….
•small scale……………….          national coverage
•isolated education
 programs……………….... comprehensive - FRESH
•integration……………….. Single carrier subject
•creating new materials…. better use of what is
•generic programs……….        specific (health and social)
                             outcomes

•HIV/AIDS & life skills as
 an add-on………………..           dedicated staff, training &
                             support over time

				
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posted:9/28/2012
language:English
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